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NEW YORK
MAYNARD, MERRILL, & CO., PUBLISHERS
29, 31, AND 33 EAST 19TH STREET

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THE GOVERNMENT OF ILLINOIS

CHAPTER I

HISTORICAL SKETCH

THE SETTLEMENT OF NORTH AMERICA

1. English, French, and Spanish— The principal European settlements in North America were made by the English, the French, and the Spanish. The English settlers made their first homes at various places along the Atlantic coast, from Maine to Georgia. The French established themselves in Nova Scotia and New Brunswick (Acadia), on the banks of the St. Lawrence River and of the great lakes, at New Orleans, and at other points on the Mississippi River and its tributaries. The Spanish settled most of the West India islands, Florida, and all the vast country from California to the Isthmus of Panama.

St. Augustine, the first Spanish settlement on the mainland within the present limits of the United States, was founded in 1565. In 1607 the English made their first permanent * settlement at Jamestown, in Virginia. The French settled Quebec in 1608.

* A previous attempt at settlement in North Carolina had failed,

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