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· faith, another gospel,' introduced to us? Surely this is alarming, and should, I

think, have led you to have recollected, and acted decidedly upon, the invaluable maxim • Obsta principiis.' How awfully does the history of the church, almost from the time of the Apostles, warn us of what may be the consequence of yielding to an unholy spirit of credulity and a morbid appetency for miracles! 'I know nothing of any of the parties; I trust they are all, as you presume them to be, holy brethren, partakers of the heavenly calling; but the narrative discloses to us a scene of serious error, in which they are all more or less concerned. I will remark only upon the case of Mr. Fancourt. I infer from your account, that he is an aged minister of the Gospel, who has been for many years, perhaps, occupied in teaching others to distinguish things which differ ; rightly dividing the word of truth, and guiding many along the narrow path of submission and patient waiting for Christ. His house, it appears, has been the resort of fervid religionists-perhaps good men, but seriously deficient with respect to soundness of judgment. Tostead of being the instructor of these men, and endeavouring to bring thein to a mare solid and submissive Christian temper, he suffers them to proceed to diffuse a false spirit of inspiration among the females of his family, till at length his afflicted daughter becomes the subject of a pseudo-miracle, and he then proceeds virtually to proclaim it to the world as a genuine one.

“ Here, then, in my view, is a serious case of guilty error, in which the Christ. Obs. should know no inan after the flesh; but you seem to content yourself with an endeavour to coax the family into an admission that the cure was not miraculous. You ubserve, that the Divine agency is equally acknowledged, and the love and gratitude of the restored person are equally due to Him for his mercy, whether the cure be slow or sudden, and whatever may be the means which he employs or

overrules to effect his purposes.' Permit me, sir, to ask you, Have you not here · written very unreflectingly? You could not have intended to convey such a senti

ment; but what is this but repeating, in other words, the Jesuitical maxim, that a successful end sanctifies the means ? Surely, in every case where a benefit has been obtained in a way not accordant with the revealed will of God, the first thing to be called for is penitence, contrition, and interior self-abasement; and then praise. Gratitude may follow, for that the Lord has pardoned the guilt and overruled the evil for good.' 'Really, sir, unless this family is brought to this, I much fear that the thing will increase unto more ungodliness, till their folly shall be manifest unto all men,as was the case with the French prophets, and is now the case with the miracleworkers in Scotland.

“It is a comparatively trivial question, How did the 'sign or wonder' come to pass? What you have written on this question is doubtless to the honour of your talent and Christian discernment; but I cannot help feeling that it is misplaced; although, as you have entered so much at large upon the subject, I wish you had referred to a most excellent article, in a former volume of your work, on an alleged miracle at St. Winifred's Well.

I am, &c.

« AN ARDENT FRIEND OF THE CHRISTIAN OBSERVER." We offer no cominent on this letter, except to say, in explanation, that by the phrase

“ whatever means he (God) employs or overrules to effect his purposes," we did not, of course, mean wicked means, at least on the part of the persons benefited for God may overrule the wicked designs of others for their welfare, as in many cases recorded in Scripture. It is not Jesuitical to say that we ought to be thankful for the Protestant Reformation, though we reprobate the wicked conduct of Henry the Eighth. A man is related to have been cured of an imposthume by a person who struck at him with a dagger to injure him : he might be grateful for his cure, though the action itself was a crime. Mr. G. and Miss Fancourt thought they were both warranted by Scripture in expecting the gift of healing: we think they were wrong ; but we should not view their case as if they had used what they believed to be unlawful means. We may, however, have stated the matter somewhat unguard

edly, as possibly Mr. Newnham also has done; but the meaning, we think, is clear. We have now endeavoured to discharge what appeared to us a solemn duty. The

result we leave to the Great Head of his church, for the promotion of his glory and the spiritual interests of those concerned, neither of which can be enhanced by pseudo revelations, miracles, or false interpretations of Scripture. Let us beware, lest, in this day of abounding profession and lax practice, Satan, throwing off his usnal garb, advance upon us in the shape of an angel of light. It is not the first time by many that our volumes have borne testimony against the passing errors of the day, and particularly against the popular taste for prodigies. A correspondent has just alluded to the alleged miraculous healings at St. Winifred's Well, in our volume for 1817; but, among the various papers scattered in our volumes, there is one in that for 1804, from which we are teinpted to copy a few remarks, because it happens to have been the production of one of our correspondents now in a better world, the late Mr. Pearson, Miss Fancourt's first medical adviser. We have seen what her other medical advisers, Mr. Parkinson and Mr. Travers, think of the case ; and now, by a remarkable coincidence, we are able to shew what Mr. Pearson also would doubtless have said of it, had he lived to hear it spoken of as miraculous. We recommend the perusal of the whole paper to those who have our early volumes, having space to copy only the following brief passages :

“ There exists in human nature an extraordinary love of the marvellous,an insatiable curiosity after new and rare occurrences, and an eager inquisitiveness into futurity, which have too often misled men into the most glaring follies, and sunk them in the most abject superstition.

“ Learning, aided by experience, will greatly abate and moderate that wonder and consternation which new and singular events have a tendency to excite in perverted and undisciplined minds; and will teach them to reflect, to inquire, and to examine, before they characterize phenomena which they do not understand, as the effects of supernatural agency. The sacred Scriptures give no encouragement to divination nor superstition; they are, on the contrary, admirably calculated to restrain and circumscribe the inordinate sallies of a disordered imagination, which are generally as remote from piety as they are contrary to true wisdom and soundness of mind. But, whatever reason, learning, or religion may have suggested, there has been, and still continues, a strange propensity to discover preternatural effects and miraculous interpositions on the most ordinary occasions; to make every remarkable dream prophetic; to announce the impressions made on disordered bodily organs, or on a disturbed imagination, as visions from God; and to fill the air and the earth with prodigies, omens, and presages. This disease of the human intellect is as extensive as it is pernicious; since it is not confined to a few individuals of some particular age or nation, but it is the error of the world, and has prevailed in different degrees during every period of time : hence it may be found among Jews and Gentiles, Christians and Mohammedans, ancients and moderns, learned and simple; there having been almost a general consent to establish this sort of foliy and delusion upon principle."

“ The greater part of mankind are very incompetent judges of what physical phenomena are natural, and what are preternatural; and they are still less qualified to give an authentic interpretation of the specific intention and design of Divine Pro. vidence in the production of them.

“ That state of mind by which men are induced to look for prodigies, and supernatural agency in every new or unusual occurrence, tends powerfully to draw them away from an habitual and sober attention to the word of God; and, by seducing them into superstition or enthusiasm, to conduct them finally into error and apostasy. Let a man once fancy that he is favoured with visions, or is endowed with the faculty of interpreting omens, and he is placed beyond the possibility of rational or Scriptural conviction ; for it is vain to press him with arguments who has a prodigy, a miracle, or a revelation, to object against any conclusion that may bear forcibly upon his principles or practice. But the mischief is not always confined to the individual; for fanatics and visionaries carry a principle of contagion along with them: and when a man has got a tale of wonder ready on suitable occasions to communicate to his followers in private or his admirers in public; and when these are mingled with the motives to faith and hope, to fear and repentance; the Gospel of Christ is polluted and degraded by the mixture of these vain conceits; and this false and dangerous measure is substituted for the Scripture standard of truth and error, of

good and evil."-Christian Observer for 1804, p. 673. Such were, twenty-six years ago, the views of Miss Fancourt's first medical adviser ; but we can refer our readers to a still more apposite testimony from the same pen, in a highly interesting paper on true and false miracles, in our volume for 1815, p. 564, in reference to the alleged miraculous cure of a young lady at Port Royal, of à lachrymal abscess (ibid. p. 498). “In an alleged miraculous cure of disease," says Mr. Pearson, if there be a well-established proof of the fact, we must admit it; but we are in no wise obliged to receive any interpretation of it which the reason, or fancy, or prejudices of the individual concerned, or his friends and associates may choose to deduce from it.” This is exactly our own opinion in the present case : and, to conclude these professional testimonies, we have just heard, that Miss Fancourt's medical adviser in Devonshire attests, that when he saw her she was just in that state of nervous excitement which predisposed her for such a result as has followed.

SUPPLEMENT TO RELIGIOUS INTELLIGENCE. We have appended the abstract of the Bible-Society's Annual Report ; the Monthly Extracts for July, omitted in our former Numbers; and the Anti-Slavery Reporter (No. 73), which contains an abstract of correspondence between the colonies and the government which throws much light upon the state of slavery, and the mockery of the pretended colonial attempts to meliorate it.

INDEX

Το THE

ESSAYS, SUBJECTS, INTELLIGENCE, OCCURRENCES,

&c. &c.

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Page

Page
A DOPTION ....................75 Christian Observer on Voitaria: ism....159

- --- Christian Remem-
••.............121)
Africa ......................

...........317

brancer

............619
Alms Sacramental ..........86, 117, 232

- Minister ...............

...511
America, North.......... .........185

Remenu brancer ..........612
American Indians 115, 119, 127, 190, 259 Christiani'y, Evidences of ......761, 801
Andrew, Si, ('onversion of ..........44 Church, Definition of ..............229
Analogs............. .............546

Building ..................322
Annuals, l'oetry from the ........99, 238

Lessons ..........216, 345, 451
Answers tu Correspondents ...64, 128, 195,

Pationage ................725
260, 324 388, 451, 524, 588,

Service ....18,524,602, 603, 660,
651, 724. 828

747, 751,794
Ants, Natural History of........157, 637 -, on Separation from the ......289
Apocalypse, on the Siudy of ........ 129 Churches, Kuiying in ..............489
Apocalyptic Seals, Vials, &c. (see Frophecy) Clerical Portrait ..................771

210, 278, 331), 168, 599, 732 Clergymen, Presents to..............+20
A pocrypha ...................... 517 Chloride..............

...513
A pocryphal Lessons............160, 260 Codex Ortobon .........
A posiles, Biography of ..............87 Codringlon Estates ........64, 186, 697
Atonement, on the ................166 Collects......................407, 609
Augsburgh Confession ..............584 Communicauts, on rejecting ..........34
Austria ....

.518 Continental Arrangements ..........586

Conversion, Remarks on...48, 78, 196, 629
Baptists, Defence of ..........91, 195 Co-operativa of Bad Men ..........679
Baptism by Iminersion ..............54 Copyright..........................54
Baptismal Regeneration ........313, 628 Covenants, Suggestions on the........737
Barbadoes ,.........,

..........64, 186 Cure of Miss Fancourt ..708,775, 810, 829
Belgium................. 588, 648, 723
Biblical Criticism...17, 150, 208, 209, 2100, Death, on the Punishment of ....259, 324
343, 441, 465, 480, 603, 641,737

- Fear of ..............740
Manuscripts ........255, 514, 644 Death-bed (see Obituary and Memoir)
--Illastration ................547

of an Infidel ..............95
Bishops, on the Power of ....54, 128, 158 Dejection in Religion ... .......260
Biack-Leller Bibles ............96, 162 Denmark ...........

...259
Bohemian Protestants ..............189 Diary of Toplady ............. ...548
Brazil....................259, 424, 445 Difficult Texts .....

209
British Islands ....................644 Distress, Causes of National ........364
Buenos Ayres ....................446 Duelling .......................63, 443

East Retford......................127
Ecclesiatical Staristics ..........$15, 643
Edinburgh Instructor

........560
Edinburgh Sessional Schvols ........437
Education, Remarks un....151, 222, 296,

348, 409. 437, 481
Elgin Marbles ....
Episcopacy ........................45

- o in United States...119, 309, 317
Episcopal Injunction....5-4, 128, 158, 613
Evangelical Religion ..........148, 392
Evangelical Clergy ............687, 726
Excuses for not going to Church ......161

Cambridge Prize Questions ......155, 380
Canada .... ...................183
Cante

382
Catechising ..........

670
Cemetery ...........

.........443
Ceremonial Law ...............

.............89
Charity Balls..................118, 230
Charity Bazaars...................556
Cheap Libraries .................. 117

............381, 442
Christ, Divinity of ...........494, 571

-Characier of ................801
Christian Communion ..........11, 676

-- Observer ........123, 383, 560
- Sermons... 117, 181, 255

305, 419, 475, 724

.........382

Ch

pel

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Iliances

........................19.

2.6.............56

a

lla............................4

..240

Page
Faith. Justification by...341, 419, 470, 66+ Lord's Day, on the Observance of 319, 50,
Family Bible.....................302

573 (see Sabbath)
- Sermons 11, 87, 142, 217, 269, 335.

- Supper, on administering ..91
397, 475, 536, 603
Fasting.............................18 Magagine Tribe

..................$17

W agua harta .................... 13
Florida, Religion in

W
Forgery........
..............259, 322

Man, Fall of ......................311
Fossil Elk .........

- Physical Varieties of ..........639

............254
France 54, 63, 119, 182, 195, 254, 259, Map Printing ....................256
261, 316, 322, 387, 443, 448, 517, 519, Mauritius .......................360

585, 586, 645, 646, 723 Nemuir (see Obituary)
Free Trade ..............323, 451, 756

ul P. Jolin ...... .......1,65
Funerals, Expense at ....

of F. Caulier ..........261, 323

of Bishop Heber....459, 55, 589
Gambling

............515 Memoranda of Calvin, &c. ......671, 754
Geneva..................481, 67!, 754 Mox.co .......

.....Sis
Germany........ 183, 255, 259,413, 515 Millenniun, Milner on the .......
God, the Source of Mercy ....... ....86 - - Baxter on the ..........789
- on belolding ................142 Miracles ........644, 708, 775, 810, 829
Goud Humour...................433, 681,758, Adissionaries, on providing for Sj, 933, 353
Good Samaritan, Exposition of the....113 Missionary Contributions ........31, 2:8
Gospel Preaching, un attending ...392, 542

Instruction..97, 159, 294, e o
- Narratives, peculiarity of......533 Missions relinquished ..............98

- Essential Doctrines of ........667 Nodern Miracies (see Miracles)
Grace, Failing of ......

...87

Nole, Optic Nerve us................5+
on saying .....

.182 Montauban University ..............931
Greece.....:190, 123, 155, 183, 537, 417 Monchion Prizes ..................119
Greek, on Ladies learning ..........494

Moravian Missions (sce United Brethren)

Bloral Law .......
Halle ............................564 -

- not abolished ....89, 108, 346
Hawker's Licence ........ ......63

- o

furbids Suicide.......... TE)
Hofwyi, Fellenberg's Institution at....151, Morning Watch ......
222. 296, 348, 409, 481 Mosaic Law ........

105
“ Holy Alliance," Origin of ........205

noi abolished
Husbands, Duties of................691
Ilymus, variorum Editions of ........609 Negro, Last Days of ........ ......991

- English Testament ..........559
India ......102, 127, 106, 255' 355, 525 Neologism................441, 503, 504
Indian Bible....... ........318, 447 Nellverlands ..............382, 588, 64%
Indians, Nortli-American ...,115, 119, 127, New-York Mechanics ,

...18.,
190, 259 New Zealand............

...448
Infidel, Death-bed of ..... ....95
Infidelity, Progress of ..... ...76% Obituary (see Memoir)
lonian Islands

... 317

of Rev. J. Roberts..........57
Ireland ............

...194

-- - J. Moson, D.D. ....123
Irish Home Missions ...

..187

E. Mansfield ......190
luineraling Libraries ....

...92

Sir C. Penrose ........384

-Sacharissa ..........518
Japan ....

..........184 Od-Testement Precedents ..........774
Jesuits ........

...514 Onesimus whether a Slave ......489, 618
Jews, Emancipation of ....195, 258,324 Ordinations, Publicity of ............557

Restoration of ................21
- ilistory of ............

....251 Parents, Duties of .................699
Jordan River......................11

119 Parish Clerk ...............
Joseph, History of.................274

........274 farhansent, Proceedings 10

Parliament, Proceedings in ..126, 193.958
Justification through Faith. .341, 470), 664

322, 383, 740
- Melancthus 01)......419, 487

Parochial Communion ......

Patriarchal Church ................180
Kamtschaldales in England .........227 Paul, St. Conversion of

Peniaieuch, Veracity of the ....179, 469
Ladies learning Greek .

..424 Physical Intluence ..
Letter of Romaine.....

..232

Phrenology .............
- Newton ......

..403 Place Hunting ...
- 10 Earl Grey....

...725 Platina Wire,......
Lichfield Cathedral
.....53 Poelly ......

..37, 99,
Lii. and Phil. Intell...58, 117, 18), 253, Poor Lawy....................198,736

315, 380, 441, 512, 613 Popery, Lectures against ........680, 762
London University ..................56 Purt-Glasgow Miracles (sec Miracies)
Lord's Day, whether Obligatory.. 84, 405 Prayers, Occasional State ............ 18

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.........315

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Page
Preaching, Remarks on ..............47
Profane Epithets ..................678
Prophecy........217, 278, 330, 468, 598
Prophecies, on the Interpretation of 56,

129, 210, 389, 601, 746, 789
Prussia ......................
Public Affairs 63, 126, 193, 258, 322, 387,

448, 519, 586, 646, 719
Public Schools

.............693

Quails, Miracle of the ..............362
Quakers paying Tithes ..............757
Qualifications in Religion ............40

M

:

..,..645

Relics...............

**................315
Religious Dejection ................260
Religious Intelligence..56, 120, 185, 257,
319, 384, 446, 517,584, 645, 697, 775,

- Supplement to..64,
128, 196, 260, 324, 388, 452, 524, 588,

651, 724, 788
Relinquished Missions ..............28
Repository, Unitarian ..........162. 363
Reprobation .............
Revue Protestante ....... ..433, 517
Russia ..........................183

Page
Society, Baptist Missionary ..........35

Brit. and For. Bible 64, 116, 120,
128, 196, 260, 388, 452,52-4, 651,724
- Brit. and For. School ....324, 388

Church Missionary ..35, 188, 317
Floating Church ..........645
forChristian Knowledge 362,759,820
for Propagation of the Gospel' 35,

64, 185, 697
Hebrew Friend ............258

Hibernian ............196, 324
- Irish ..................448,452
- Ladies' Hiberniau

... 258
London Misssionary ......36, 653
Missionary ................646
Paris Bible

Parochial Visiting ......50, 257
· Peace ....................452
Prayer-book and Homily......652

Reformation........196, 260, 724
- Royal, of Literature ........441
- Wesleyan Missionary..........35

Conversion of Jews ......97, 159
- Chimney Sweeping ..........381
- Moravian Missionary 36, 233, 353

Naval and Military .......... 819
Soutb-Sea Missions ............184, 653
Splendid Sins ....................244
State Prayers ......................18
Statistics, Ecclesiastical ...... •315, 643
Students, Hints to ..................248
Suicide ................

285
Sunday (see Lord's Day)
Switzerland.. 119, 151, 182, 222, 255, 296,

348, 409, 443, 645, 671, 754

260

Sabbath (see Lord's Day) ........83, 846
Sacrifices .........

...............173
Salvation ...... ..........397
Sandwich Islands ..................119

1
“ Satisfaction," on the Theological Term 169

Term 169
Saxon Language ..................442
Scripture Natural History

not to teach Science........157
Gazelteer ......

..........52
Serampore Versions ...............,116
Sermon Hearing ..................416

Writing ...........
Sermons, Extempore .........
Servants, on instructing ............546

Character of ..............695
Slavery ........

........194, 631, 697
- Egyptian ..................274
in Brazil ..........

...424
American .........
at the Mauritius ...

..366
B Bishop Mant on.......
- Mr. Wesley on ............229
- Methodist Conference on .....-30
- not sanctioned by St. Paul. .371,

489, 610
- incidental Evils of ..........619
(see Anti-Slavery Society)
Slave, Kitty Hilton ............619, 652
Slave-Trade, how introduced...........634
Social Duties.......................683
Societies, Meetings of ..............321
Society, American Episcopal Missionary 57
- Anti-Slavery ..64, 128, 196, 260,

324, 388, 452, 524, 652, 724

Temperance Societies....54, 63, 256, 445,

490, 516
Tinnevelly Missious ................188
Tithes ..............194, 260, 756, 757
Trinity ....

............ ........335, 361
Truth independent of Character ......797
Turkey ......

.....119, 383
Type, Definition of..............17, 288

...55

.......38

Unitarianism..........162, 355, 494, 571
United Brethren 28, 36, 233, 353, 446, 512,

595
United States 54, 57, 63, 98, 119, 123, 127,
183, 188, 256, 259, 317, 322, 383, 384,

445, 448, 515

Vaudois ...... .............649
Visiting Societies ..........50, 257, 668
Wellington Cabinet ................719
West Indies ......................64
Widows, Burning of, abolished..127, 256
“ Witnesses, The” ................601
Wives, Duties of ..................690
World's Age......................156

Page

Page

INDEX TO THE REVIEWS.
Alexander's Evidences of Christianity Atonement, Jerram on the ...........166

761, 801
American Indians, by Penn..........115 “ Beware ” ....................

“ Beware”

.........
Christ. OBSERV. APP.

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