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endeavoured to defend the personal churche, by the score and the tally, reputation of such a hero, for ex- and all is done well: whereas we have ample, as Luther ; as though his now a quaint device called the table private life-which, by the way, of multiplication; and I would faine needed no apology-were the mea. be advertyzed what commoditie it sure by which we are to estimate can, in any possibilitie, bring unto the soundness of his opinions. If us. I have taken solemn counsel the Reformation were to depend on this noveltie, from a great doctor upon a criterion of this kind, it (the same, my good Lord, who did would alternately rise and fall with wryte against Master Wyclyffe bis the cruelty of Henry and the gen. heresies), and who saith, that he is tleness of Melancthon ; with the confident that no such table is to be constancy of Ridley and the relapse found in the fathers, neither in the of Pendleton. It is time to have heretycke's own book, to wit, their done with this ambi-dextrous wea- boasted New Testament (and verily pon, and to allow truth to stand they may honestlie call it new); upon its own basis ; and to own at but I pass by alle this ; for there once, that even Leo the Tenth might no needs to say more, than to telle be sometimes right, and the Saxon your L'ship, that the very inventor sometimes wrong.
of this odde conceit is (and I am With these very obvious truisms, thankful to our Ladie, and to I beg leave to offer for insertion, the blessed saints, especiallie to two illustrations of the non-sequitur St. Stultus and St. Stultitia, to connected with the argument which whom our noble house is dedicated has so long astonished me. The thankful, I say, to have just first is a letter (if my readers think tracked the foxe to his hole,) a it apocryphal I cannot help it) from dounryght follower of the same a monk, addressed to the mitred Wyclyffe, and, indeede, of sundrie abbot of his monastry, in the early gounsmen, who now-a-days are period of the English Reformation ; poysonnynge the kynge's highness complaining of the novelty and error with their Lutheranne nonsense, contained in that useful series of and their own. His grace, I hope, truths which are now generally will see his waye out of such received under the name of the folishnesse ; and order the maker of multiplication table; and which this table to some safe prison, where this subtle doctor thus satisfactorily he may coole his heeles full leisurely, refutes : -.“ It may please your and teache his multiplication to the L'dship to be advertyzed, that the rats and myce. Shortly, my good Kynge, his grace, has, in your ab. lord, you will now see how impossi. sence, sent notyce to this house, to ble it is for the house to entertain have certain strange things to be a thing contryved by such a knave. learned in the cloisterre; one where For I hold it be a well settled rule of, as your L'ship will ryght well of faith, to trye all doctryne by judge, must be part of the new the man who doth broache it; and learnynge; and touching whych so farewell to this new fancie. I I noways doubt but that it is one must, however, tell your L'ship of of the foolishe gaudes invented by a pleasaunt passage ; namely, that the heretyckes; and, as some say, when I shewed this table to my come from beyond sea, in the kinsmanne, Master Thomas Phoole. partes of Germanie; where the he merrilie called it the multipliman Luther hath performed many cation fable, such was his readie such outlandish tricks. Your L'ship wit. He did also aske, where I doth well knowe, that our cellarer's gotte my new chess-board, and what accounts are here kept, according was become of all the blacke squares; to auncient usage, and the custom, for your L’ship must know that there as I must thereto add, of holie is such alikenesse between the twain
as myghte justifie many a like say. myself lately examined the sacred ing; and I have a good mynde to books of the faction, particularly shew the thing to his Majesty's such portions of them as are written jester, whose cappe will then shake, by the impostor Saul or Paul (for and whose belles will jingle all the his name is differently pronounced livelong daye, tynkle, tynkle, tynkle. -a circumstance, in itself, very So, I remain, this first of Aprylle, suspicious, and indicating craft); your L'ship's poor beadsman, whom I find actually owning his
« T. F." own versatility and wickedness. If any doubt should be raised as He acknowledges that he was to the genuineness of this exposure a blasphemer, and a persecutor, of the fallacies of arithmetic, I shall and injurious *; and although he not pause to defend it ; but shall makes apologies for passing over to leave both this and the following to a new party, it is obvious that they their own internal evidences. The betray the weakness of a cause, date of the following might be A.D. which must ultimately fall by its 96, about the time when St. John own inefficiency. It is, however, wrote the Apocalypse.
ourious to observe, how this Saul
palliates, while he confesses, the “ C. Vafer Astutus to the Emperor vices of the Corinthian and Galatian
Domitian, wishes health and hap. churches. He could not avoid no. piness.
ticing such blazing evidences of pro.« In my voyage from Pergamos fligacy; and then professes to weep in Mysia to Italy, I directed the over them, as though he were really shipmaster to touch at Patmos; to grieved by the triumph of vice. I which remote island your imperial farther observe, in the narrative wisdom banished a partisan of the portions of the sacred books, how Christian faction. I visited this completely the historian subverts person, who appears to be of a mild his own doctrine, by describing the and benevolent disposition ; unless rampant treachery of the Jewish he assumed such a character with conspirator who actually betrayed a view to interest me in his favour; his Master for thirty shekels of silver and, by my representations to you, – the inconceivable audacity of sir, to have the rigours of his exile another, who cursed and swore as softened. He is said to be some he denied him—and, I may add, the times absorbed in mystic raptures; general flight of a certain chosen and one result of these have been set of familiars in the moment of certain cpistles, addressed to what danger. It has always, sir, been are called the seven churches of an established maxim with me, not Asia. Pergamos is one of the less than with yourself, to value all number; and here the immoral and opinions by the conduct of their degraded character of the sect is supporters ; and it must afford high freely acknowledged by the exile satisfaction to your imperial mind, himself, as will appear from the to be convinced of the danger of parchments accompanying this let- exercising any degree of clemency ter *, Indeed, sir, I know not how towards a faction confuted by its sufficiently to admire your sagacity, own avowed wickedness. Your in detecting the mischievous ten- candour, I am still aware, will condency of this superstition; and I cede the beauty of some portions doubt pot you have been led, among of this yet hateful system; as, for other causes, to condemn the new example, in certain moral precepts doctrines, on account of the noto, which are dispersed over the accrerious depravity of certain among dited writings. But as they are their principal supporters. I have decidedly at variance with the con.
• Rev. ii. 14-16.
duct of the writers, and meant to colour a vile cause with the bright MR. WOLFE, THE JEWISH MISSION: tints of virtue, I need not suggest sir, the necesity of pursuing the faction with augmenied severity, Tothe EditoroftheChristian Observer. lest the contagion of a libertine creed should further diffuse its I took the liberty, in your Number pollutions over the purity of the for last February, of inviting the at. empire."
tention of the members of the Society
for promoting Christianity among To these letters I shall merely the Jews to the strange opinions said add a mathematical illustration of to be promulgated by Mr. Wolfe, the general subject. If verity de- their missionary, particularly his nopends upon character, all the power tions about prophetic chronology and of geometrical truth must evidently geography, and the Son of Man's perish. Now it was asserted both coming again in the year 1847 to by Priestley and Horsley, that a dwell in the literal city of Jerusalem, triangle has three sides. Had where and when the Temple is to Horsley alone said this, I should be built, and Mr. Wolfe is to walk have readily believed the position; with Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, in but as the Socinian advanced a the streets of that city, with I know similar declaration, I own that I am not how many other fancies. To exceedingly doubtful; and have yet my observations, a correspondent, to learn whether a triangle be not, under the signature of CANDIDUS, to a considerable degree, circular replied in your next Number, stating,
But to be serious: the object of first, that Mr. Wolfe had done no my paper is to shew the absurdity, more than Lactantius and many and indeed iniquity, so much prac- other persons have done before him; tised among mankind, of receiving and secondly, that the Society would or rejecting the most solemn verities doubtless admonish him not to pubmerely because they are, or are not, lish any thing in future respecting advanced by persons of their own his mission without their previous party. My illustrations are from a knowledge and sanction; which monk and a heathen, each in his Candidus considered was “ all the proper costume. The presumed correction that is called for." address from the Roman officer to Both these heads of the reply of his emperor may, be objected to, Candidus appeared to me unsatison account of the Pagan manner in factory: the first, because though which he speaks of Christianity, but Lactantius or a thousand other good he only says what Pliny and Tacitus men may have had their whims, that said before him. Milton has put is no reason for sober-minded Chriseven blasphemous language into the tians to send out and support mismouths of certain among the cha- sionaries to inculcate them, to the racters in the Paradise Lost and Re- no small danger of making infidels gained ; and the Scriptures them- of nominal Christians, and confirmselves record rebellious and profane ing Jews, Turks, and infidels in their speeches, as uttered by various delusions by the recoil of these rash enemies of religion. My object was predictions; the second, because to shew, that if character is to be Candidus did not urge that the Somade the test of truth, the most ciety should tell Mr. Wolfe that they undoubted verities of Christianity could not retain missionaries whe might be excepted against by a mixed up their own inventions with heathen, on account of the real or the word of God, but only that they supposed faults of its professors. should admonish him not to publish
ANTI-EUCLID such matters to the world without
their permission : so that, upon this plan, he might continue to preach ary," he might be naturally expected what he pleased, so that we in Eng. to promulgate the notions of what land did not hear of it, and were is called “ the Albury School;" content with such a fraction of the but the Jews' Society ought not to truth was the society could sanc- expend the sacred funds of their tion."
• work of Christian mercy, for which But though both of these argu- they are now making a solemn appeal ments appeared to me unsatisfactory, for new aid, in patronizing erratic I did not reply to Candidus, being teachers, who have yet to learn informed privately, but, as I under their own ignorance of what God stood, upon official authority, that has not been pleased to reveal, but the statements about Mr. Wolfe's has wrapt up in the obscurity of preaching were only floating ru prophetic vision, till the times and mours, and that the Society had seasons be fulfilled. I write in all directed him to repair home, or that good will to this most useful and he was about to do so, with a view interesting Society, only wishing to a full investigation of his conduct that they would look strictly to the Thus the matter rested, till, taking sobriety of their agents, and also up the last Number of the Society's take their standing upon ground official publication, The Jewish Ex. common to pious persons, and not positor, I find it avowed that Mr. connected with any particular school Wolfe, instead of “ determining to of prophetic interpretation. A cler. know nothing but Jesus Christ and gyman, some time since, was about him crucified," is actually latitudi- to preach or speak for the Society, narianizing in the manner above on the general principle of its bementioned about the year 1847; ing a missionary institution, having, nor do I learn that there is any in- however, very peculiar and powertention of either recalling him or ful claims of its own; but was told confining him to sober Christian that this was lowering the Society's doctrine. It is, however, to the ground, for that the conductors did honour of the Society, that they not much value the aid of any but have fairly told us his errors,—not those who take up Mr. Faber's views keeping them back, as Candidus about the Jews being the intended seems to have thought would have missionaries to the Gentiles, the debeen the better plan.
pendence of the Gentiles upon them, Under these circumstances, I re- their literal return to Jerusalem, new my call upon the members of and other points, which the clergythat excellent and valuable insti- man, not being convinced of, was tution to clear themselves in this prevented rendering that assistance matter. I see in its lists the names which he wished to the Society's of persons who ought not to give cause. Might not the friends of their sanction, direct or indirect, the Society be more cosmopolitan to these strange and unscriptural without endangering its peculiar speculations. Had Mr. Wolfe con objections ? tinued “ Mr. Drummond's mission
REVIEW OF NEW PUBLICATIONS.
REVIEW OF WORKS ON THE EVI. and Conduct of our Lord;" and the DENCES OF CHRISTIANITY. object of it is to shew that it is im
possible for a person to sustain such (Continued from p. 770.)
opposite and apparently conflicting MR. Wilson's seventeenth lecture claims as those by him assumed, is on “ The Pre-eminent Character without being really what he professed to be-God in human na- character as Mediator; in his private chature; and the inevitable result of racter and personal excellencies; and in his
public and exalted character as the founder having substantiated those claims is of the Christian Revelation.” pp. 125– the truth of our holy religion. Mr. 129. Wilson first states the nature of the The threefold view which Mr. Wil. character in which Christ appeared, and the extraordinary claims which
son has here marked out, it will at he had to support.
once be seen, is of no easy compre
hension. It presupposes the attain. “What, then, were the chief claims ment from the sacred record of a which he advanced ? Professing himself to be the Messiah, he assumed the titles correct,
correct, if not an adequate, conof the Saviour, the Redeemer, the great ception (for who possesses this?) of Prophet of the Church, the King of what belongs to the Divine Saviour, Israel, the appointed Judge of quick and in each of these extraordinary and dead. He declared himself also, for the same reason, to be the Lord of David. apparently conflicting characters; the mighty God, the Prince of Peace, a perception of what is due to him Jehovah our righteousness....... Notwith- as the Supreme Head of the church, standing these exalted pretensions, his " who is over all, God blessed for office as the Messiah involved the most apparently contradictory characteristics.
ever ;” of what became him, when It required him to be the Son of Man, he assumed our nature, “ and the servant and messenger of his hea- humbled himself and became obevenly Father, subject to such human in- dient unto death, even the death of firmities and sorrows, obedient to all the ceremonial requirements, and moral in
the cross;" and of the way in which junctions of the Mosaic Law a man of those apparently opposing claims sorrows and acquainted with grief. All are sustained, combined, and blend. this, therefore, our Lord professed him- ed. so as to form one consistent self to be...... But this is not all : besides these offices, our Lord assumed
and harmonious whole. True it is another and distinct function, demanding that the existence of such a characan apparently different conduct and de- ter is announced in Scripture, and portment. He proposed himself as the the materials for such a portraiture pattern and' example of every human excellence to his followers. He assumed to
are copiously furnished; but duly to embody the moral precepts of his religion select, classify, and adjust them, so in his own life, and to be himself all that he as to exhibit the distinct characters, required in his followers. He reduced all and then to combine them, so as to his rules to the one direction of following his steps. Finally, he claimed, on the foot.
give a just likeness of the God.
g ing of all these qualities and testimonies, to man, Christ Jesus, the Saviour of be the founder of the Christian dispensa. the world, would almost require tion, the author and finisher of the faith inspiration itself. But if the very of the Gospel, to introduce the last and most perfect and universal form of res arrangement and combination of vealed truth ; fulfilling all the preparatory materials already provided be a economy, and carrying out every branch work of so great difficulty, what of religion to its utmost extent, and with must have been the comprehension the greatest advantage. Such an union of pretensions was never heard of before, or
and discrimination the grandeur since, amongst men.....By every part of and minuteness, and, so to speak, these pretensions he laid himself open to the loftiness and lowliness of the the scrutiny of mankind. By every one mind in whom the conception and of them, he exposed a surface for inves- formation of such a complex chatigation, wide as the various and distinct duties springing from them. And by the racter originated. Shall we believe combination of the whole, he has fur- that it belonged to the fishermen nished materials for the internal confirma- and mechanics of Galilee? This tion of his religion, which are as new as they are inexhaustible, which the study
would be to suppose a greater mi. of ages only incompletely develops, and
racle than any at which the infidel which remain to the present hour in all cavils, and to bave recourse to a their freshness and beauty, for the admi real absurdity for the sake of avoid. ration of every humble and obedient in- ing one wholly imaginary. quirer. Let us then consider the life and
No;conduct of our Lord as compared with
with if claims like these were ever really
1 cia. his pretensions ; in his more peculiar sustained--if a perfect divine and