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nity," &c.: but there is no such in- of regulating some of them by the convenience in telling the people moon. In secular matters the inwhat are the Psalms for the day; convenience of the moveable festia proper pause for which occurs vals has been found so great, that while they are looking out the place, an act of parliament has recently and does not interrupt the service. been passed for making the law

I never felt the want your cor- terms fixed days; but few of our respondent mentions of a better clergy, it is presumed, would wish collect for the second Sunday after to introduce the same regulation Christmas-day, than that of the Cir. into the Church Calendar. For one, cumcision which the church enjoins however, I confess I discern no abto be then used, provided it is not stract benefit, and much inconvesuperseded by the Epiphany. Our nience in following the Jewish Lord's circumcision is an event in calendar, which renders an annual his life so peculiarly connected with Almanack an indispensable comthe great object of his incarnation, panion to the Prayer-book ; but the and also with the substituted sacra- practice originated so early, and ment of Baptism, that I cannot has been so familiarized and enthink the church has given it too deared by long usage, that I should much prominence in allowing the not wish to see it changed. The admirable collect founded upon it inconvenience to which your corresto be now and then, though very pondent alludes, cannot be avoided rarely, used. I had rather it could by any regulation, while we conhave been so managed without inter- tinue to make the variable feast of fering with the Epiphany, as always the Passover, typifying our great to be used for one Sunday every Christian Passover, the regulating year. At present it has the same epoch of any of our festivals. disadvantage as many other solemn Your correspondent's recommenservices, of falling on week days, dation to the clergy to read both when either Divine worship is not the Saint's-day and the Lord's-day celebrated, or few persons are at Collect, where Saints' days occur church.

on Sunday, is quite anti-rubrical. Neither, again, is there any want The reader may doubt which is of a Collect, Epistle, or Gospel for right, but both cannot be right. It the twenty-sixth Sunday after Tri. were better for every clergyman to nity, when a twenty-sixth Sunday make up his mind as to which is occurs; as it is expressly directed best, and to adhere to it; but that the Collect, “ Stir up, we be- not to blend the two, and thus to seech thee;" with its accompanying lengthen a service, too long perhaps Gospel, and portion for the Epistle, already shall be used on that day; other Your correspondent purposes to Collects, Epistles, and Gospels, be- continue his remarks. Should any ing prescribed for the preceding thing occur in them that appears to Sunday or Sundays. Had your cor- me desirable to be replied to, I will respondent's suggestion been fol. request permission to continue my lowed, we should have had fifty- observations upon them; not, howthree collects for fifty-two days. ever, meaning any thing unfriendly There is, however, some confusion to the Ritualist, whom I beg leave, arising from the collision between for one, to thank for his suggestions, the moveable and immoveable days, though in some I differ from him. which could not be avoided without making all the days fixed, instead

LITURGICUS.

MISCELLANEOUS.

ORIGINAL MEMORANDA OF CALVIN, nephews, the children of his brother

FAREL, VIRET, AND BEZA. lately deceased, it is resolved to (Concluded from p. 676.)

grant it to him ; representing to him

how great is the public sacrifice, as 1568.

there is danger in the journey, and March 18th.-M. de Beza de- bis presence is wanted here. clares, in the name of his colleagues,

1571. that the members of council ought March 1st.-Leave granted to to have the precedence of them M. de Beza to attend the synod of in all public ceremonies; and that La Rochelle, where Messrs. Viret, it is giving too much honour to de Saules, and many other illus. the ministers to wish to mix them trious men, will be present. with the councillors, giving them

1572. the left hand. Resolved, to take April 21st. — Refused to send their advice.

M. de Beza to the synod of Nismes, April 20th.-M. de Beza having for fear lest our church, not being approved the comedy written by one of the French churches, should Jean Bienvenu, on the renewal of be accused of wishing to assume fellow-citizenship, it is permitted to for itself some superiority over the be acted.

rest, &c. At length it is agreed to, May 14th.-M. de Beza refuses, upon the representation of the mi. although ill, a present of twelve nisters, who declare that, with the crowns, which was therefore given exception of Beza, no one of them to Pre Carpentier.

has either the authority, the expeJune 7.-Although M. de Beza rience, or the knowledge necessary earnestly entreated not to be ex- to execute this commission. His empted from going to visit the presence was very useful there, and infected, his colleagues refused his it appears that nothing would have request ; not in order to spare him, been done without him. but because it is right to preserve

1573. him as long as it shall please God. Aug. 10th.-Resolved, to sup1570.

press the edition of M. de Beza's March 2d.— Theodore de Beza book, entitled, De Jure Magis. declares, that, his oath as a pastor tratuum ; because Messrs. Roset, obliging him to discharge all the Varro, and Bernard, who were em. functions of his office, of which one ployed to examine it, have reported of the most important is to visit the that it contains obnoxious truths. sick ; he cannot be at peace in his

1574. conscience while the council does June 8th.—The ministers present not permit him, as well as his col- themselves in a body to the council, leagues, to perform this part of his to complain, first, of the negligence office. This request being con- of the people, in not frequenting sidered just, the ministers were the sermons on week-days, except allowed to draw lots for Beza, as those of M. de Beza, which respect well as the others, to know who of persons is displeasing to them; should be entrusted with the visi. Secondly, of the licentiousness and tation of the sick.

dissipation of the youth; thirdly, Oct. 17th.— Theodore de Beza of the duration and multiplicity of having requested leave of absence suits which the lawyers occasion, to visit his own country, to arrange and often unnecessarily; fourthly, his little property, and particularly of the luxury of dress, many persons to settle the affairs of his young wearing handkerchiefs worked with

gold, embroidered petticoats, and the church of God, by the establishbracelets and rings of gold, &c. ment of different ranks and dignity

Dec. 28th.-M. de Beza having among the pastors; and that we been called before the council, to must prevent his insinuations, which address them upon the election begin in very small things : that which is pending for lords syndics, God had raised up formerly in this he did it at great length, with many church the late M. Calvin, a person holy and excellent remonstrances, of great merit, and that he had according to the grace which God endowed him with very peculiar has bestowed upon him.

gifts: that, from the veneration 1577.

which he inspired, they saw him, Feb. 28th.-A cask of old wine with pleasure, exercise the office of given to M. de Beza, because he president without having been called has none but new.

to it by any election, &c. 1550.

May 13th.—Henry Stephens was Feb. 13th.-The lord of Sancy, excommunicated, and put into pri. ambassador from France to Swit- son for having printed a book full of zerland, having entreated Messrs. scandalous things, quite unbecoming Roset and Beza to confer with him a Christian ; for having failed in at Vufflens, spoke to them as follows, respect towards M. de Beza, who according to M. de Beza's account: reproached him with the abuse which « The king, knowing that you have he made of his talents, and with his always preserved love for your counbad character, being commonly try, and that you have always sym- called the Pantagruel of Geneva, pathised in the misfortunes which and the prince of atheists ; in short, have befallen it, has charged me to for having said that it was necessary tell you that he is sorry for what to be a hypocrite in order to please has passed, and for having consented the consistory. to many things, of the consequence Dec. 30th.-M. de Beza having of which he was not aware, on ac. insisted very strongly, in his recount of his youth. Many persons monstrance in council, on the subhave been put to death on suspicion ject of the election of the syndics, of being his enemies, although they upon the abuses which take place in were not so: but now they do not the administration of justice, &c.; make any religious distinctions ; for this kind of censure urged somehe knows that those of his own faith, times with too much warmth, and who have least occasion to be un- but little foundation, being likely settled, form great enterprises ; and to have disastrous consequences, because the mischief on the side of and cause, perhaps, some uneasiness religious persons proceeds from a among us, it was resolved no longer distrust not altogether groundless to summon the ministers to the The king wishes that you would council in such cases. point out to him some means to

1583. dissipate it, and to preserve peace, Oct. 25th.-James Lect is apalthough he is entreated to make pointed professor of law, on the war.” To which Sp. de Beza an- testimony which M. de Beza gives swered; “I am too insignificant to to his capacity and great learning. deserve that so great a king should

1586. inquire even if I am alive ; and for Dec. 14th - Nine lords of session him to desire to have my advice have presented to the council a very upon an affair of such importance," long remonstrance, to prove the ex&c.

treme necessity which there is to 29th.—The ministers allege, in take arms against the duke of Savoy; order to induce the government to upon which it was resolved, on ac. suppress the presidencyship for life, count of the great importance of that the devil has made a breach in the subject, to pray God to direct us to good measures ; and that we humility, and submission to the will consult M. de Beza.

magistrates, in Messrs. Calvin and 1588.

Beza, boly men, blessed and hoApril 28th.-A letter was re- noured by God : and that in case ceived from Berne, very honourable of longer resistance, the magistrates to M. de Beza, and to thank us for will not want the necessary courage lending him to assist at the synod of becoming their office, to bring back Berne.

these said ministers to their duty; 1591.

although, in an affair of this nature, March 12th.-Sp. de Beza has there is no need to employ extraremitted ten crowns for his contri- ordinary courage. bution, declaring that he had only

1608. two hundred for his whole estate : Nov. 5th. The ministers have upon which it was resolved to re- declared that they approved of the store them to him, because he was council wishing to employ in the the first to contribute, and for his service of this church, men as fit, good will.

and who possessed such great taNov. 3d. — M. Chevalier, our lents, as M. le Faucheur; but that deputy to the court of France, they could not relinquish the truth having taken leave of the king, of God, and consent to his call this prince said to him, “ Assure while he was united to the church your lords, that if God gives me d'Annonay; that it would be as if the means I will let them know one should say to a busband, Come that I ever have been, and still will and leave your wife; and that we be, their friend, both as king of Na- are like a city set upon a hill, which varre and king of France. Say the if it deviates ever so little from its same thing to M. de Beza, and beg duty great scandal will arise. him to pray for me. Our necessities 14th.— The Sr. Lect, replied by are so great that sometimes the gen- a serious discourse, that by so many tlemen who serve me have no. relapses the magistrates were daily thing to live upon. I hope that the more and more convinced of the churches will do something."

justice of the complaints which the 1597.

late M. Beza, that servant of God, May 20th.-Six loads of good made in their council against some corn, and six gallons of wine, are of these ministers, whom he called ordered for M. Theodore Beza, who incorrigible men, and full of their is in want.

own opinion; and by his will ex1605.

horts the magistracy to correct, as Oct. 15th. The ministers have soon as possible, those men whom expressed strongly their grief at the he calls fluttering men, full of predeath of the late M. de Beza, who sumption, void of sense and of sound was a shining light in the house judgment. of the Lord, and who has shewn 15th. The ministers acquiesce throughout his life a beautiful ex- in the wishes of the council, and the ample of union and kindly inter- two bodies send to ask the Sr. le course with our rulers.

Faucheur from the church of AnN. B. The council decreed on nonay, through the medium of the this occasion, that the councillors councillor Sarasin. and ministers shall in future be buried in the cloister of St. Peter, as a mark of distinction.

LAND, TITHES, AND POOR. Dec. 10th.—The council represents to the ministers, on the subject Tothe Editorofthe Christian Observer. of the difference respecting the precedence of the pastors, that they In the View of Public Affairs in your have had a beautiful example of last Number, you hint at the possibility of benefiting the great majority rates are founded in injustice and of the community, particularly the impolicy, it not being just to tax manufacturing and commercial in- one man merely to support another, terests, and the artisan and labourer, or politic to afford national encourby allowing an unrestricted trade agement to mendicity and improvi. in the necessaries of life; and at dent marriages; and whereas the the same time affording compen- poor themselves are the greatest sation to the landed interest for sufferers by the system, the average the loss of its protection, by abo. rate of wages being ruinously leslishing the poor laws, which would sened thereby, and the price of food also be the greatest boon to the increased, so that many who but poor themselves. After reading for these laws could maintain them. your remarks, I threw them into the selves comfortably, are thus, without following form, which will afford your knowing how, reduced to pauperism; readers a succinct view of some of and whereas every measure for rethe propositions involved, I presume, lieving the distresses of the poor in the recommendation, and thus af- will fail of its effect so long as they ford a basis for further discussion :- are ground down by the operation

Whereas it is just and expedient of a system which, wbile it professes that manufacturers, merchants, and to benefit them, consigns them to all other persons should enjoy every poverty and degradation; be it enfacility for sending their goods to acted, that no person shall henceforth the best market; and whereas it have any legal claim to relief from is also just and expedient, that the public purse, but every man all persons should be permitted shall be allowed according to the to obtain whatever articles they laws of God's providence, to better require, and particularly corn and his condition and maintain his family other necessaries of life, in the to the best of his power, without cheapest market, or wherever they any restriction except not to injure please; and whereas both these his neighbour, -leaving to Christian objects would be greatly promoted charity the bounden duty and priby encouraging unrestricted trade; vilege of administering to the wants be it enacted, that all persons may of those who require assistance ; in future send their goods to what. and where there are not relatives or ever market they think fit, at home others who have it in their power to or abroad, and bring back whatever administer it. they please in return, subject only

A FRIEND TO LAND, to a moderate scale of duties as

TITHES, AND POOR. hereafter specified.

And whereas the land-owners and tithe-owners have of late years enjoyed protection by means of re ON QUAKERS PAYING TITHE. strictive duties on the importation of corn and other articles, which Tothe Editorofthe Christian Observer. protection would cease upon the permission of free trade on low As it is possible that your pages duties; and whereas it is desirable find their way to the hands of some to afford these important interests members of the Society of Friends, every advantage which can be af. I would respectfully submit to them forded without injury to others; and the following query: Is it just to whereas the poor's rates press with rent or purchase a piece of land peculiar weight upon these interests charged with tithe for a far less and their abolition would afford sum than they would give for it if considerable relief, thus compen- not burdened with that charge, and sating for the loss of the aforesaid then to decline paying the legal protection ; and whereas the poor's demand ? I do not urge the quesCHRIST. OBSERV, No. 348.

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