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years I have longed to witness a both missionaries and people in a scene like this; but the reality ex- strain of earnest and affectionate ceeds all my expectations. I wished exhortation, which do ear that heard that some of those (if any of that it can ever forget. We were standsmall number still remain) who deem ing on the graves of Swartz and all missionary exertion, under any others of his fellow-labourers who circumstances, a senseless chimera, are gone to their rest, and he aland confound the humble and silent luded beautifully to this circumlabours of these devoted men with stance in his powerful and impressive the dreams of fanaticism or the charge. As this was probably the frauds of imposture, could have last time that he could hope to meet witnessed this sensible, refutation them again in public, he exhorted of their cold and heartless theories. them to fidelity in their high office, The Bishop's heart was full; and to increasing diligence and zeal, to never shall I forget the energy of a more self-denying patience under his manner, and the heavenly ex- privation, and neglect, and insult, pression of his countenance, when looking for the recompence of rehe exclaimed, as I assisted him to ward ; and lastly to more earnest take off his robes, _“ Gladly would prayer for themselves and the souls I exchange years of common life committed to their trust, for the for one such day as this !” Some prince under whose mild and equal time after he had retired to rest, government they lived, and for him, while I was writing in my bed-room, their brother and fellow-servant. which is next to his, he came back The address was short and

very to me to renew the subject on which simple, but no study or ornament his thoughts were intensely fixed – could have improved it. It was the and his often repeated expressions spontaneous language of his own of wonder and ihankfulness at the heart, and appealed at once to ours. scenes of the past day were followed The impression of it, I trust, will by a fervent prayer for the people, never be effaced. for the clergy, and for himself.

March 28th.-The Bishop paid March 27th.—The Bishop held a visit of ceremony to the Rajah, a confirmation this morning in the accompanied by the Resident, and Fort Church, at which there were attended by all the clergy. We twelve European and fifty Native were received in full Durbar, in the candidates : Mr. Kohlhoff preached great Mahratta hall, where the Rain Tamil. The missionaries and jahs are enthroned. The scene was their families dined at the residency, imposing, and, from the number of to meet the Bishop; and at seven, Christian clergymen in the court after our evening drive, we attended of a Hindoo prince, somewhat sina Tamil service at Swartz's chapelgular : the address and manners of in the mission garden, when there his highness are in a remarkable were present nearly two hundred degree dignified and pleasing. He natives, and seven clergymen. He talked much of “his dear father," had received no previous intimation Swartz, and three times told the of this service; but the manner in Bishop be hoped his lordship would which he seized on the opportu- resemble him and stand in his room. nity thus unexpectedly offered of He was his pupil from the time he a visitation strictly missionary, was was twelve years old till he was more touching and impressive than twenty-four, and succeeded to the any previous preparation could have Musnud the year after Swartz died. made it. He sat in his chair at the “ And John Kohlhoff,” said he,“ is altar (as he usually does in every a good man, a very good man; we church except the cathedral); and are old school-fellows." The Bishop after the sermon, before he dismissed thanked him for his uniform kindthem with his blessing, he addressed ness to his poor Christian subjects and their teachers. He said it was to him, and which he desired me to but his duty; and he trusted all his carry into effect. We were standing subjects knew that he was their by an open window, looking out friend and protector. He thanked upon the garden, over which the his lordship for his goodness in moon had just risen. I know not preaching to them in Tamil (allud. why I should tell you these trifling ing to his having pronounced the circumstances; but the scene with blessing and administered confirma- all its features will never be effaced tion in that language), and regretted from my recollection. It is fixed it was not possible for him to attend. for ever in my remembrance by the I understood afterwards from the powerful spell of his noble and heaResident, that he would certainly venly spirit, and the memorable senhave done so, had the visits been timent with which our conversation exchanged before. He shewed con- closed. I expressed my fears that siderable information on the subject his strength would be exhausted by of architecture, and the compara- this unwearied attention to all the tive excellencies and peculiarities varieties of his great charge; adding, of the Hindoo and Mussulman styles. that I now understood the force of At parting he requested the Bishop St. Paul's climax--" That which to come again privately to see bis cometh upon me daily, the care of library, museum, and printing-press. all the churches.” “ Yes,"-he ex. On the whole, much as we have claimed with an energy worthy of heard of this celebrated person, we the Apostle himself, but that found our anticipations bad not been which overwhelmed him was his raised too high. The Bishop said, crown and glory!" as we returned from the palace, “ I March 30tb.-The Bishop paid have seen many crowned heads, but a private visit to the Rajah, who not one whose deportment was more received us in his library ; a noble princely."

room, with three rows of pillars, The rest of the morning was spent and handsomely furnished in the in various local arrangements and English style. On one side there communications with the Mission- are portraits of the Mahratta dyaries.

nasty from Shahjee and Sivajee; . In the evening we had some ex. ten book-cases containing a very cellent music at the Residency; and fair collection of French, English, the relaxation was as necessary to German, Greek, and Latin books, him as it was delightful: he enjoyed and two others of Mabratta and it exceedingly, and was particularly Sanscrit manuscripts. In the adstruck with the performance of two joining room is an air-pump, an Bramins who accompanied Mrs. electrifying machine, an ivory skeFyfe, and played the overture in leton, astronomical instruments, and Sampson at sight. But, in the several other cases of books, many midst of his evident enjoyment of of which are on the subject of methis intellectual luxury, his thoughts dicine, which was for some years were fixed on higher and nobler his favourite study. He shewed us objects of interest; and, while all his valuable collection of coins, around him thought his ear only paintings of flowers, and natural was employed, his heart was de- history, with each of which he seemvising plans for the benefit of these ed to have considerable acquaintneglected missions, and dwelling ance, particularly with the medicinal on the prospect of their success, virtues of the plants in his hortus I believe it is often thus, when he siccus. When we took our leave, bis is 'most the delight and admiration minister shewed us a noble statue of society. He called me to an of the Rajah by Flaxman, which inner drawing-room, to communi- stands in the great hall which was cate a suggestion that had occurred used by the ancient Hindoo court before the conquest of the Malırat- modesty that seeks rather to conceal: tas. His stables contain several fine them from the observation of others, English horses ; but that of which when no end of charity is answered he is most justly proud, as the by their being known. The carriage rarest curiosity of an Indian court, in which we were to travel the first is an English printing-press, worked stage of our evening march was at by native Christians, in which they the door, and we were about to struck off a sentence in Mahratta, take leave of our kind and excellent in the Bishop's presence, in honour host, when the Bishop excused himof his visit.

self for a moment, saying he must On our return from the palace, shake hands once more with his we spent the rest of the day till four poor friend before he left him. A o'clock at the mission house. Of few minutes after, going up stairs the variety and multiplicity of the for a book which I had forgotten, objects that have this morning come and passing by Dr. Hyne's open under the Bishop's consideration it door, I saw the dear Bishop kneelis impossible to give you a detailed ing by his bed-side and his hands, account; and when you remember raised in prayer. You will not that the points thus crowded into a wonder that I should love this man, few hours were all new, and many seeing him as I see him, fervent in, of them involving questions of in- secret and individual devotion, and, tricacy and delicacy, you will un- at one hour the centre of many laderstand something of the labours bours, the Apostle of many nations, of his office.

at another snatching the last mó-, March 31st.We leave Tanjore ment to kneel by the bed of a sick with the sincerest regret, and with and dying friend, who but a fortnight the strongest interest in a spot so ago was a perfect stranger to him. favoured and so full of promise. April 1st.We reached our tents The Bishop has more than once at midnight, and arrived between observed to me, that instead of the seven and eight this morning at: usual danger of exaggerated reports, Trichinopoly. The intense heat of and the expression of too sanguine the weather, and the fatigue we had hopes, the fault here was, that lately undergone, almost unfitted us, enough had not been said, and re- for any exertion; but the Bishop peats his conviction that the strength was occupied the greater part of the of the Christian cause in India is in morning in receiving the report of these missions, and that it will be a the English congregation, schools, grievous and heavy sin if England and hospitals. and the agents of its bounty do not April 2d.The Bishop preached nourish and protect the churches this morning to a crowded audience here founded.

at St. John's, from 1 John v. 6. Poor Dr. Hyne (the bishop's phy. In the evening service he confirmed sician) continues so ill that we are forty-two of the English congregaobliged to leave him behind us. tion in the same church, and deliHis lordship has promised to wait vered his address to them from the for him a few days at Trichinopoly, pulpit. He exerted himself greatly in case he should be allowed to re- in both services. Our conversation sume his journey : but this is most this afternoon turned chiefly on the improbable. I cannot help men- blessedness of heaven, and the besti tioning a beautiful instance of his means of preparing for its enjoy piety and kindness, to which I was ment. He repeated several lines of accidentally a witness this evening, an old hymn, which he said, in spite as it exemplified so strongly his de- of one or two expressions which falight in the humblest duties of the miliar and injudicious use had tended pastoral office, and the characteristic to vulgarize, he admired as one of the most beautiful in our language, sionary among them, and prayed for a rich and elevated tone of de- God to pour down his blessing upon votional feeling.

them. He then took leave of Mr. Head of the church triumphant!

Kohlhoff and Mr. Wright, who had We joyfully adore thee,-&c.

also attended him, and returned In the family prayers this evening, home. I had been prevented by after we returned from church, he sickness from accompanying him, particularly mentioned our friend and Mr. Doran had taken that Dr. Hyne, whom he told us he had duty for me: on his return he came promised at parting that he would immediately into my room before then always remember.

he took off his robes, and stood April 3d. How shall I record talking by my bed side for half an my feelings this sad, this miserable hour with more than his usual ani. day! I am writing by the lifeless mation on the subject of the mission. body of my dear departed master! He said he had been much interOh, what is man! what in his best ested in all he had seen, that it estate, when most gifted with all broke his heart to witness the pothat is truly great and admirable! verty of the congregation. After Here lies one whom all loved, whom some particular arrangements for every heart admired and cherished ! the morning, he left me, in order one to whom the eyes of all in India, to undress and bathe. He sat a and of thousands in England, were few minutes, apparently absorbed turned with high-raised expectations in thought, before he went to the of usefulness in the church of Christ; bath, which is a separate building, and how justly!--for his whole soul a few yards from the house, and was filled with intense desire for the filled from a spring considerably glory of his Divine Master. Here beyond his depth. He had used it lies one who has been the tenderest on the two preceding mornings, and the most affectionate friend, the enjoyed it exceedingly. His servant, most condescending, most confiden- alarmed at his staying beyond his tial, one whom I have always loved usual time, and hearing no sound, most dearly, but till now knew not opened the door, and saw the body how much I loved him.

apparently lifeless, below the surface At six this morning our dear of the water. He ran immediately Bishop attended the Tamil service to my room and gave the alarm with in the mission church in the fort, a bitter cry that his master was when he confirmed eleven young per- dead ! On reaching the bath I sons of the native congregation and plunged in, and assisted a bearer, pronounced the blessing in Tamil, who was already there, to lift the After Divine service he visited the body from the water, and Mr. English and Tamil schools and the Doran and I carried it in our arms mission-house, which are all im- to the nearest room. Every possible mediately adjoining the church; means were instantly used, but in and, seeing the greater part of the vain : the garrison and superinnative Christians collected round tending surgeons, who arrived alhim while he stood on the steps most immediately, continued their leading to the house, he addressed attempts at resuscitation for a conthem, as Mr. Kohlhoff afterwards siderable time, but all hope was informed me, with his characteristic gone,-and the blessed. spirit was energy and kindness. He exhorted already before the throne of God. them to be Christians not in name They give it as their decided opinion only but in truth, and to have their that his death was caused by apoconversation honest among the hea- plexy: there had probably been a then that surrounded them; promised predisposition to it, which the shock that he would soon place a mis- of the cold water had suddenly brought on. All were plunged in Doran the lesson, and it was my sad grief. The venerable and excellent office to commit his dear remains to Mr. Kohlhoff visited me, and his the earth. His grave is on the north almost passionate burst of sorrow side of the altar in St.John's church, was deeply affecting. He threw - the very spot from which he had himself into my arms, weeping blessed the people, but twelve hours aloud,—“We have lost our dear before his own spirit was admitted father! we have lost our second to the blessedness of heaven. It Swartz, who loved our mission and required the strongest effort to laboured for it: he had all the enable me to fulfil this last service energy and benevolence of Swartz, to my beloved master: I was inand greater condescension. Why terrupted frequently by the tears has God bereaved us thus ?" It and sobs of those around me; and, was long before the good man's when I had closed the book, hungrief was moderated ; I cannot dreds of the poor native Christians, wonder at its violence, and I dare whose hearts he won yesterday by bis not blame it. His hopes had been kindness and condescension, crowd. raised to their height by the labours ed round, entreating to be allowed to of unwearied love which he wit- throw the earth upon his coffin. nessed at Tanjore, and which he I can never forget the awful thus described to a friend yester. solemnity of that hour. I cannot day :-“If St. Paul had visited the yet believe the event: it is like the missions, he could not have done warning of a disturbed and feverish more, excepting only his power of dream. miracles.” And now, alas ! all these hopes, and a thousand others which

We pass over the honours paid to we fondly cherished, are gone for the Bishop's memory, which have ever! Šo sudden has been the been already recorded in our pages, event, and so serene and heavenly as well as Archdeacon Robinson's is the expression of bis features, subsequent proceedings, bis funethat I can scarcely yet believe the ral sermon for his Right Reverend reality of our loss; but this is the friend, and a variety of documents, last hour I shall pass by his dear which occupy the latter balf of the side in this world. May grace be volume. The perusal of them will, given to me that we may meet however, repay those who take an again in glory!

enlightened and Christian interest April 4th.-At sun-rise the me- in the spiritual welfare of India. lancholy procession moved. Minute May the beloved prelate who now guns were fired from the fort, and occupies the seat of Heber, be long the troops of the station formed a spared, a blessing to that mighty street, a mile and a half in length, empire ; not only to the church of from Mr. Bird's house to the church. Christ, thinly scattered throughout The chief civil and military authori. its wide range, but to the ignorant ties bore the pall: I followed as natives, who are perishing for lack chief mourner, accompanied by of knowledge. When we look at Captain Harkness, commanding his the vast sphere of his labours, far escort, and the Reverend Messrs. too much for any one bishop to Kohlhoff, Doran, and Schreivogel. superintend, we rejoice with tremThe sides of the road were thronged bling; and we trust that at the rewith thousands of natives, Hindoos newal of the East-India Company's and Mahometans as well as Chris- charter, the voice of the country tians, who crowded along the banks will be heard imploring a bishop to catch the sight of his bier; for, for each of the presidencies, and among all, his name was well known such other arrangements as may be and deeply reverenced. Mr. Wright best adapted for the religious wel. read the first part of the service, Mr. fare of that mighty empire. CHRIST, OBSERV. No. 346.

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