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back to Russia : as was his custom, all affection elsewhere, at a distance from the the imperial carriages and retinue pre- original seat of the disease, and where no ceded the Emperor by some hours; whilst obvious explanation of the fact presents he followed in a modest calêche, accom- itself. Thus a disease in the liver propanied only by one servant. When he duces a pain in the right shoulder ; a dishad passed the village some way, he asked ease in the heart produces a pain in the what were those beautiful groves, and, back. He added, that the late Dr. Wolhearing it was the Moravian settlement of laston once had a severe pain of the ankle, Zeist, be turned back to see it. He had and lameness, apparently from indigestion before visited the settlement at Herrnhut. by eating some iced-cream. He inspected all the brethren's shops and Among other valuable effects from the occupations, from the upper lofts to the properties of chloride, it has been used underground work-rooms; and attentively with signal success on board infected vesobserved all the arrangements. He then sels; and it is possible that it may be partook of a cold collation, which was rendered so effectual as to supersede prepared for him; and went to the chapel the necessity for performing quarantine, to hear Divine Service. As soon as the which to the parties concerned is alregular service was over, a little girl went ways an inconvenient, irksome, expenup to him, to present him with a copy of sive, and sometimes dangerous detention. verses, or anthem, in commemoration of In July last year the Spanish fleet destined his visit, and of the peace in which he for the invasion of Mexico, conveying a had taken so great a part. Immediately, large number of soldiers, was overtaken in the full choir began, in which there are the Gulf of Mexico by a violent tempest, eighteen brethren, who play on various which continued for several days. The musical instruments, and as many sisters, severity of the storm rendered it necessary who play on the violin and barp. Whilst to remove the windsails, and to close the the choir sang, he appeared deeply affect ports, and to place on the hatches. In ed: but when they came to the last verse, this condition of the ships, with such a ascribing all the honour to God, and crowd of persons confined together, in declaring it was not to be ascribed to any the middle of summer, within the tropics, earthly power, he knelt down most de- without fresh air, putrid fevers and maligvoutly, and sang it aloud with them. nant dysenteries soon made their appear
“On quitting Zeist, he most kindly ance. The air is described as possessing, took leave of the minister, pressing his in addition to a highly offensive effluvium, hand, and saying, I never till my last an acrid heat, burning to the skin, with a hour shall forget those venerable silvery degree of density that arrested respiration locks.' The minister terminated his eu- and produced giddiness. At this moment logium of Alexander by saying, “It was a of distress and anxiety for the safety of all sublime sight to see this man at the head on board, vessels containing the chloride of his army giving peace to Europe : it of lime, in solution with water, were suswas a more sublime one to see him saving pended in various parts of the ship. In Paris : but we all felt it was the most so the space of two hours the atmosphere of all, to behold this man, whom forty lost all its deleterious qualities, and bemillions obey, and before wbom the world came perfectly agreeable. The solutions is prostrate, kneel and become himself were renewed every twenty-four hours; like a little child in humility and sim- and during the whole of the campaign, plicity before his Maker.”
which lasted three months and a half, the The “Oriental Translation Committee” atmosphere was preserved in this pure offer a premium of from 20 to 100 sove- state by the chloride, to which all the reigns to any person who can point out a surgeons unite in attributing the very few translation in the Arabic, or any other instances of death that occurred in the Oriental language, of a lost Greek or fleet, when there existed such fruitful Latin work, of which the Committee may sources of fatal disorders, be able to obtain a copy for translation. Sir James Mackintosh, in his History of
Grotius wrote upon the walls of his England, remarks as follows, respecting prison the five tenses in Latin, as a sort Magna Charta :-" The language of the of serious pun upon time and eternity: Great Charter is simple, brief, general “Præsens, imperfectum; perfectum, plus- without being abstract, and expressed in quam-perfectum, futurum !”
terms of authority, not of argument, yet Mr. Brodie has remarked, in one of his commonly so reasonable as to carry with lectures, that an impression made on one it the intrinsic evidence of its own fitness. part of the body often produces a nervous It was understood by the simplest of the
unlettered age for whom it was intended. remains of a Jewish colony were dis. It was remembered by them; and though covered in China, which had been esta. they did not perceive the extensive con- blished in that empire about the year sequences which might be derived from seventy-three after Christ, perhaps even it, their feelings were, however uncon- three hundred years earlier. Seven hunsciously, exalted by its generality and dred families of the tribes of Judah, Bengrandeur. It was a peculiar advantage jamin, and Levi, who had escaped from that the consequences of its principles the destruction of Jerusalem by Titus, were, if we may so speak, only discovered made their way overland to China, and gradually and slowly. It gave out on each there either founded or reinforced the occasion only as much of the spirit of colony in question. Seventeen centuries liberty and reformation as the circum of persecution, massacre, or apostasy, stances of succeeding generations required, have reduced them to a very small number. and as their character would safely bear. On They are now found only at Kai-zong-fu, the English nation its Charter has contri- one hundred and fifty miles from Pekin, buted to bestow the union of establishment and amount to six hundred persons. They with improvement. To all mankind it set had taken with them their Scriptures, and the first example of the progress of a great had preserved them for eight hundred people engaged for centuries in blending years; but, at the end of that period, a their tumultuary democracy and haughty fire destroyed their synagogue and their nobility with a fluctuating and vaguely manuscripts. To repair the loss, they, limited monarchy, so as at length to form obtained a copy of the Pentateuch, which from these discordant materials the only had belonged to a Jew who had died at form of free government which experience Canton. Not only the synagogue, but had shewn to be reconcileable with widely private persons, possessed transcripts of extended dominions. Whoever in any this manuscript. But, what is extremely future age, or unborn nation, may admire remarkable, and highly important to us, is, the felicity of the expedient which con- that, besides the Pentateuch, they preserve verted the power of taxation into the different portions of the remaining parts shield of liberty, by which discretionary of the Old Testament, which they say and secret imprisonment was rendered they saved from a fire in the twelfth impracticable, and portions of the people century, and an inundation of the river were trained to exercise a larger share of Hoango, A.D. 1446. With these frag. judicial power than was ever allotted to ments they have formed a supplement to them in any other civilized state, in such the law, divided into two parts. The a manner as to secure, instead of endan- first contains small portions of Joshua gering, public tranquillity ;-Whoever ex. and Judges, the four books of Samuel ults at the spectacle of enlightened and and Kings complete, and the Psalms. independent assemblies, who, under the The second contains some portions of eye of a well-informed nation, discuss and Chronicles, Nebemiah and Esther almost determine the laws and policy likely to complete, of Isaiah and Jeremiah the make communities great and happy ; whole within a little, and of Daniel, and whoever is capable of comprehending all seven out of the twelve Minor Prophets, the effects of such institutions, with all some fragments. their possible improvements, upon the The following was lately stated to be mind and genius of a people, are sacredly a correct list of the number of Jesuits in bound to speak with reverential gratitude England, Ireland and Wales.-Cumber. of the authors of the Great Charter.” land, 1; Dorset, 2; Essex, 2; Hants, 2;
Among the evidences for the canon of Hereford, 1; Lancashire (Stonghurst and the Old Testament, there is a very re. thereabouts), 92; Lincoln, 2; Middlemarkable one arising from the Jewish sex, 5; Monmouth,1; Northumberland, 1 ; colonies settled in China and India about Norwich, 1 ; Oxford, 1 ; Somerset, 1 ; Suf. the Christian era, or even some centuries folk, 1 ; Wilts, 1 ; Worcester, 2; York, 3: earlier. They all declare that they ori. Flint, 1 ; County of Kildare (Clongowes), ginally brought with them, and had pre. 45; King's County (Tullabeg), 10; Counserved in manuscripts, which they re- ty of Dublin, 2; Dublin City, J.-Grand garded as of great value, the very same total in England, Ireland, and Wales, 178. sacred books which they, in later times, Mr. Bicheno, in a recent work entitled found in the possession of their brethren “ Ireland and its Economy," puts forth in Europe : and nothing appears from any the opinion that the attempt to convert other quarter in the least to invalidate Ireland to Protestantism is most impolitie; their testimony. In the last century, the for that such a conversion would weaken
the attachment of the people to those Prayer,and some useful tracts, are now cirhereditary "attachments and prejudices culated in it, and that the Irish clergy are which influence uneducated persons ;” turning their attention to its cultivation, and which he considers essential to their for the benefit of their flocks. Mr. moral and political restraint. “The Mason's assistance, therefore, is highly scheme of conversion," he says, " which useful and well-timed. is going on, is one which proposes to
GERMANY. loosen all those ties, and to place the The family of M. Rothschild, whose religion, the morality, and the loyalty of financial transactions were never equalled the common people on a reasonable foun- by any one family in any age or coundation.” “ But, taking the aggregate of try, are the sons of a banker and dealer the Irish nation, the bulk of which is in ancient coins, and afterwards a loancomposed of persons without reflection, contractor, at Frankfort. He was a Jew, slaves to their affections and passions, and and it was chiefly in consequence of unsteady and wavering in their feelings, his character and influence that the Grand to a proverb, I think no prudent statesman Duke conferred upon the Jews the full would be willing to loosen the ties that enjoyment of civil and political privileges. now bind them together, with the chance He died in 1812; urging his five sons to of planting in their rude minds a purer live in inviolable unity and affection, which system of faith."- This argument is fre- they are stated to have done, all being quently heard in conversation, but we connected in one common European firm, have not often seen it thus boldly put the several members of which reside reforward in print. We are persuaded, how. spectively at Frankfort, Vienna, London, ever, that it influences much of the Naples, and Paris. opposition that is made, by too many
UNITED STATES. persons, to every plan for the Scriptural I t is surprising to us, that, so long education and “conversion ” of Irish after the excellent example of England, Roman Catholics. It is doubly incumbent the American legislature has not abolished on Christians, therefore, to shew, both by lotteries. In the mean time individuals argument and fact, the folly and untruth and religious bodies are protesting against of this anti-religious doctrine ; a doctrine them, and we doubt not that before which makes Christianity useful only to long the eyes of the nation will be opened keep the populace in good order; and to the enormity of the evil. What shall we eren this good order is not to be built despair of, when we learn that the popuupon “ a reasonable foundation,” but lace of Paris have put down public gamupon mere“ prejudice." Can any thing bling, which the late government of France be more unwise and unstatesmanlike, as upheld, and our own government, we lawell as unchristian and anti.protestant, ment to say, take no steps to abolish, than a despotism like this ?-a despotism though it protrudes into the very vicinity which, wherever it is acted upon, must of our most fashionable abodes, and in the end subvert itself, and, in place of might, we fully believe, without any peace and loyalty, lead to discontent and improper or unconstitutional stretch of revolution ? Will the “ Irish nation" power, be promptly and effectually supbear to be told that they are to be kept pressed? We are led to the above rethe slaves of ignorance, that they may be marks by a series of excellent recent resothe more loyal ; and that they are to be lutions of the General Assembly of the Presthe devotees of a religion which rests byterian Church in America, denouncing upon “no reasonable foundation," that lotteries as “legalized gambling," and they may be the more Christian ? Are urging the duty of suppressing them. Spain, and Portugal, and Italy, which are A Society is formed at Washington, thus prudently managed, more secure the object of which is “to afford to Perand happy than Great Britain ?
sons of Colour, destined to Africa, such an Mr. Mason, the Secretary of the Irish education, in letters, agriculture, and the Society, is publishing a grammar of the mechanic arts, as may best qualify them Irish language. This dialect, we believe, for usefulness and influence." The object is not remarkable for its intrinsic excel- is closely connected with the plans of the lence, or for the works that enrich it ; American Colonization Society. but it is widely spoken, and by great The Governor of Connecticut states, in numbers of persons who know no other, his message to the legislature, that the or willingly speak no other, tongue ; we sum disbursed from the public treasury rejoice, therefore, that the sacred Scrip. in the last year, for the support of schools, tures, and also our Book of Common amounts to more than double the sum
collected within the same period in every for the government and legislature of the form of state taxation.
United States to give their countenance The present number of Unitarian Con- to Christianity, lest tbey should hurt the gregational Societies in the United States conscience of those who make it a conis about 182, of which 149 are supplied science to reject it. So long back as the with ministers. Of these, 150 societies pear 1777, Congress appointed a commitand 127 ministers are in Massachusetts. tee to confer with a printer, with the view
Several large donations have been made of striking off 30,000 Bibles at the public to the American Tract Society, towards expense; but it being difficult to obtain atereotyping the Pilgrim's Progress. paper and types, the committee of com
The New York revised statutes require merce were ordered to import 20,000 Bithat a roller, instead of a square edge, bles; and they give as a reason, that “its shall be used in striking grain measured in use is so universal, and its importance so a balf bushel or other measure. It is stated great." In the year 1780, Congress apto have been ascertained that a square pointed committees to attend to printing edge will draw off a pint or more of corn an edition of the Bible in Philadelphia ; below the even surface, while the round and voted, that they “highly approve the one makes it exactly level.
pious and laubable undertaking, as subserAn American physician remarks :- vient to the interests of religion ; and re“ I have been a professor in this univer commend this edition of the Bible to the sity twenty-three years, and can say, as a people of the United States." In eight physician, that I never observed so many successive years Congress voted and kept pallid faces, and so many marks of declin sixteen national fasts and thanksgivings, ing health ; nor ever knew so many hec- On the committee who reported these bills tical habits and consumptive affections, as were such men as Livingston, Lee, Sherof late years; and I trace this alarming man, Jay, Boudinot, and Madison. Some inroad on your young constitutions prin- of these men signed the Declaration of cipally to the pernicious custom of smoking Independence, and most of them were cigars. I am convinced that smoking in- engaged in framing the constitution, and jures, ultimately, the hearing, smell, taste, knew its true spirit. The anti-religious and teeth."
party, in their zeal for liberty, wish to be The Ohio State Bulletin says, that more American than the Americans ; and good board and lodgings may be obtained yet they see no hardship or breach of lifor fifty students in respectable families at berty in driving the mails and keeping Athens, the seat of Ohio College, for one open the post-offices on Sundays, by which dollar a week.
persons of religious feeling, concerned in The following, among other facts, have this department of the public service, must been attested, in reply to the arguments of either violate their consciences or quit those who think that it is unconstitutional their employment.
LIST OF NEW PUBLICATIONS. Discourses on the Millennium, By the The Moral Muse. By Emma. 12mo. Rev. M. Russel, LL.D.
A Letter to the Rev. E. Irving. By “ The Nature of the Christian Sabbath;” the Rev. J. Duncan. a Sermon. By the Rev. C. S. Hawtrey. “ The Christian Messenger ; " a Ser.
mon. By the Rev. J. Temple. Is. 6d. “ The Law of the Sabbath ; "a Sermon. Correspondence respecting the Lord's By the Rev. H. Smith. Is. 6d.
Day. By the Rev. H. Smith, 6d. Scripture Sketches, with other Poems. A Charge delivered at an Ordination. By the Rev. T. Greenwood. 5s.
By the Rev. J. Leifchild. Is. Thoughts on Education. By W. Devotional Sonnets. By a Member of
the Church of England. As. The Evidences of the Christian Reli. « Outlines of History." Dr. Lardner's gion. By the Rev. A. Alexander, D.D. Cabinet Cyclopædia. 2s. 6d.
Sermons, occasioned by the Death of The Great Mystery of Godliness incon- his late Majesty : by the Rev. R. Ainslie; trovertible; or Sir Isaac Newton and the the Rev. C. S. Hawtrey; the Rev. H. Socinians foiled in the Attempt to prove Blunt; the Rev. R. C. Dillon ; and the Corruption in the Text 1 Tim. ii 16. By Rev. J. Morison. the Rev. E. Henderson, D.D. 8vo. 3s. 6d.
STATE OF RELIGION IN FRANCE. refined ear; how few preachers can they
listen to! how few sermons are profound In the Revue Protestante for April last enough to instruct them, or striking there is a dissertation on the state of re- enough to interest them! The very name ligion in France, from which we translate of a sermon displeases them ; it is in the following passage, which may be not disgrace ;-a circumstance so strongly felt uninstructive at the present moment. The by Mr. Irving, the only preacher who has reader must bear in mind that the Revue shared the renown of Dr. Chalmers, that, Protestante is Neologian in its principles. as he could not change the thing, he “ I speak it with deep regret, that, if we changed the name, and published four except the Reformed church, Christianity sermons under the whimsical title of Oraseems to me to have lost far more ground tions for the Oracles of God. Another than it has gained in France during the ancient word which has slipped from the last fifteen or twenty years. The proofs vocabulary of these pretended believers, of this decline are visible on every side; is edification. They know not practically in the numerous editions of Voltaire and what it is, and have therefore invented a Rousseau, which are bought up by tens form of worship more worthy of their of thousands of subscribers; in the avi. superior intelligence. They keep apart dity with which every thing is caught at from the multitude, and soar above them ; that may throw ridicule or contempt on like Moses, they go to the top of a mounthe ministers of religion; in the popu. tain to worship, and hide themselves in larity of profane songs ; in the opposi. the clouds from vulgar inspection-but tion to the religious instruction of chilo with this difference, that God did not dren ; in the sympathy shewn to persons send them there." accused of impiety; and, finally, in the Much of this description, and similar writings of your religious philosophers, descriptions, would apply to individuals who call themselves defenders of Chris, of almost any body of professed Christianity, but who seem to fear being sus- tians; but we fear that it has been but pected of faith or piety, and excuse their too strikingly applicable to the modern belief under the plea of the morality of Reformed church of France. We speak it the Gospel.”
in grief, and shall rejoice to witness the Another writer, in the same Number of extension of that spiritual revival which the Revue, gives a mournful account of has already commenced. Only, will the some who call themselves Protestants. conductors of the Revue, and all those “ Too many," he says, “ immersed in of the same school who mourn over the worldly pursuits, do not allow themselves admitted religious depression of their time to be religious, or to make a religious church, allow us to add, that the so-called profession. They have no Sunday; they rationalism which they advocate will never know that once a week the public offices, elevate it to the true scriptural standard and courts of justice, and exchanges, are either of faith or morals? There needs a shut; but they are not aware that the more glowing coal from a more hallowed churches are open. These men love to altar, to touch both the lips of the priest live, and they forget that this life ceases and the hearts of the people, ere French at death, and re-commences with eternity. Protestantism shall again become “ a praise
“ Another excuse, common to both in the whole earth.” classes of our anonymous Protestants, The question respecting the Apocrypha . springs from pride. They have conceived is exciting much attention in the Proa sort of disdain for that mode of worship testant churches of France, and we firmly which in theory they praise for its simpli. hope, will ultimately lead to the rejection city. The homeliness of our beautiful of that pseudo-revelation. A minister in liturgical prayers shocks their refinement; the department of Deux-Sevres, himself the old-fashioned style of our psalter a zealous friend to the Apocrypha, writes : revolts their classical feelings; they do “A division has unhappily arisen among not like to praise God in such bad taste; us on this subject. M. D. has withdrawn our superannuated melodies wound their from his colleagues, urging that we ought CHRIST. OBSERV. No. 344.