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it would be very unwise at present to is to have missionaries; and that they enter upon the subject of difference of have offered to give the captains any denomination with the Greeks. 3. The quantity of pigs, potatoes, or flax, for a greatest means of usefulness for a time missionary who can pray, and teach them will be the circulation of the Scriptures. the way to their God and heaven. Such Even if missionaries should be compelled language and feelings as the above, I have to cease from their work, they would leave heard and seen myself, at a great distance behind them the living oracles of truth to from any missionary station in New Zealplead against sin and error. 4. Next to and; and I therefore give credit to what the circulation of the Bible, a press is most the persons I have seen, say on these needed. This must be employed in pub. subjects." lishing a variety of works adapted to the present condition of the Greek Church.
We feel much gratified in finding that NEW-ZEALAND MISSIONS. this excellent society, the objects of which Mr. Leigh, a missionary at Sydney, have been often explained in our pages, has New South Wales, writes :
adopted the plan of preaching to the many “ Several captains who have lately vi- thousands of Irish" in London, in their sited some distant parts of New Zealand native language. We trust, by the blessdeclare, that the labours of the mission- ing of God, to witness great benefits res aries have spread among the natives far sulting from this measure. We purpose and wide ; and that many of the prayers appending to one of our next Numbers learned by the tribes, are well known by the society's very interesting circular on other tribes and native people, hundreds the subject, and shall rejoice if we can of miles distant ; that the one desire of promote this interesting and important the chiefs at the places they have visited, object.
VIEW OF PUBLIC AFFAIRS. France.- Algiers has submitted to the taken place on the subject, in consequence French arms, after a brief and ineffectual of a motion for inquiring into the expestruggle. What the conquerors purposediency of withholding ardent spirits from doing with their acquisition, and in what the navy. The resolution at length passed, light their proceedings are contemplated and we trust will be followed up by an by other governments, have not transpired. amendment of the present practice, which Whatever may be the result in other re- allows half-a-pint of spirits daily to all on spects, we should trust that the weakening board, even to mere boys. Something has of the Turkish power on the shores of been effected in our own army and navy, Africa, will open a way to the entrance of late years, to discourage spirit drinking; of civilization and Christianity into those but by no means enough. " Why not at long barbarised regions. The French go once place the spirit cask among the survernment will need all the eclat of this geon's stores, to be dispensed only as military triumph to enable them to meet needed? The health and morals of the the new house of Deputies, in which there men would be greatly benefited by the is a far larger preponderance of the popu. measure; nor would they be worse seamen, Jar or liberal party, than even in the last, or less brave defenders of their country. which they were obliged to get rid of as The poor Cherokees, it seems, are to be too liberal. It seems clear that the king expelled from their country, notwithstandand his ministers must before long either ing the strong remonstrances of justice and yield to the public feeling in the general humanity on their behalf. The agent for cast of their policy, or come to an open Indian affairs gravely proposes to the seand perhaps fatal collision. We greatly cretary of war, that a military force should dread, whichever party may succeed, the be stationed in the Cherokee country, to ill effects upon the interests of religion. enable the Indians to act freely on the The liberals are too generally pupils of subject of emigration! Voltaire, and the ultra royalists tho devo- . Great numbers of petitions continue to tees of Rome. There is, however, hap- flow into Congress, against the transmispily a somewhat small number of persons sion of letters by the public mails on the of truly liberal and enlightened mind, who Lord's day; and a committee has been are genuine constitutionalists in politics, appointed to consider the subject, who and sincere friends of religion ; and to have brought in one of the most extraorthe hoped for increase and ultimate in- dinary reports that ever disgraced a Chrisfluence of persons of this description, tian legislature; not Christian, however ; would we chiefly look, to avert the evils for they repudiate the charge of being, in which impend over their country, and to their corporate capacity, Christians. preserve her from the opposite calamities . DOMESTIC.- The last few weeks have wbich threaten her.
been chequered with the alternately UNITED STATES.–The course of tem- mournful solemnities and glittering pa:perance has at length obtained a hearing geants which attend a royal demise and in Congress; a lengthened debate having accession; the transfer of the evanescent splendours of a throne, and the exchange true friend of religion and his country. of the kingly sceptre for the tomb. The We readily confess that we have not forChristian, whose duty is at once to fear gotten these remarks: nor have we read God and to honour the king, cannot con- without much pain some of the announcetemplate passing events of this nature ments in the newspapers, which would without mingled emotions. He will see indicate that his majesty has not at once, much to be grateful for ; he will see much on commencing his reign, exhibited that to mourn over. While he looks back determined resolution to devote the sacred with thankfulness for the many national day to sacred duties, which would have mercies which distinguished the late reign; discountenanced the prevailing practices and to whatever of an estimable and praise around him, and gladdened the hearts of worthy nature was blended with the per those who are seeking to restore to the sonal and public character and conduct Christian Sabbath its honours, and to their of the departed monarch, he will fear to countrymen the benefits temporal as well as overcharge the picture with indiscriminate spiritual which attend the religious observunhallowed eulogy, or to weigh character ance of that divinely-appointed solemnity. and conduct, so far as they inevitably come We might allude to other points; and before him, in any other balance than that among them to the ostentatious publicity of the sanctuary. In this honest and which our journals are giving to names Christian view, there are many retrospects which true loyalty and Christian virtue that cannot be otherwise than painful; would wish to keep in the shade ; an obbut on these we shall not dwell: rather trusion, we must say, better becoming the would we urge our readers to turn to the days of the Second Charles than the severe many brighter memorials on which they and virtuous court of the house of Brunsmay indulge their recollections with con- wick. But admitting these and some scientious pleasure ; to thank their God other occurrences which our love for our for the great public and private blessings country, our God, and our king would which we have so long enjoyed under the make us wish otherwise, we still think reigning race of princes, and not least that the Christian should hail the new under our late beloved monarch; and to reign, if not without fears, yet with a cherish, not for wrath but for conscience generous heart-felt loyalty; an open, free, sake, a hearty, generous, Christian spirit and manly confidence. Our sovereign is of loyalty, the very reverse of that cold conciliating the hearts of his people by blooded, disorganising, and irreligious sys- his kindly bearing and open manners; tem of semi-radicalism which is fast fret. his speech at the close of parliament, ting away the best impulses and feelings which though responsibly that of his of a peaceful and contented community ministers, yet we cannot doubt expresses
With similar sentiments of Christian his own real sentiments, is favourable to loyalty would we urge them to hail the the best interests of the country. In it commencement of another reign. It would his majesty prays to Almighty God to indeed be untrue to our feelings, and not prosper his efforts to promote the happi. consistent with Christian simplicity, to ness of his people, pledges himself to prosay that all our hopes are bright, and that tect the Protestant faith, and urges his we dread no possible cloud. Our readers subjects to mutual peace and conciliation. might, for instance, turn to our own pages, His proclamation also, “for the encouand ask us whether we have forgotten our ragement of piety and virtue, and the somewhat recent remarks upon the mea- preventing of vice, profaneness, and imsures and conduct of his present majesty morality," though it may be viewed only while Lord High Admiral of England, as a customary official document, couched particularly (see Christian Observer for we believe in the same words, or nearly 1828, pp. 535 & 581) the ill-judged, and, so, from reign to reign, is yet a public as it seemed to us, unprotestant and un- testimony on the side of truth and righconstitutional measure of forbidding the teousness which we should not be willing admission of any religious book or tract to forgo. It is a document to which both on board any ship in his majesty's navy, the king and his people may refer heretill it had undergone the revision and re- after with mutual benefit ; for we cannot ceived the sanction of a Mr. Cole, chap. think it possible that such soleinn statelain of Greenwich Hospital : the unhappy ments and asseverations as it contains can countenance which we understood that fail to strike with awe either the monarch the Lord High Admiral had given to the who issues it, or the humblest peasant use of ardent spirits among the sailors, who reads it. “We most seriously," in the place of those more wholesome says his majesty, “and religiously conand non-inebriating substitutes which our sidering that it is an indispensable duty naval authorities had so wisely and bene- on us to be careful, above all other things, ficially introduced ; and the lamentable to preserve and advance the honour and example exhibited to the Navy and the service of Almighty God, and to discourage public at large by the official travelling and and suppress all 'vice, profaneness, deentertainments to which the Lord Admiral bauchery, and immorality, which are so devoted that sacred day, and which were highly displeasing to God, so great a rebeheld with extreme affliction by every proach to our religion and government,
and (by means of the frequent ill examples rather have a precedent than a check in of the practices thereof) have so fatal a the royal carriage, and subject to have tendency to the corruption of many of our every word and action commented upon loving subjects, otherwise religiously and and misrepresented, his majesty needs virtuously disposed, and which (if not much the prayers and sympathies of all timely remedied) may justly draw down good men, that it would please God to the Divine vengeance on us and our king- “ replenish him with the grace of his dom; we also humbly acknowledging that Holy Spirit, that he may always incline we cannot expect the blessing and good to his will, and walk in his way.” These ness of Almighty God (by whom kings prayers will be earnestly and affection. reign and on which we entirely rely) to ately offered to the Throne of Divine make our reign happy and prosperous to Grace, by all who have at heart the glory ourself and our people, without a religious of God, the best welfare of their soveobservance of God's holy laws; to the in reign, and the highest interests of their tent, therefore, that religion, piety, and country. These are not times for Chris. good manners may (according to our most tians to slumber at their post. Their zeal, hearty desire) flourish and increase under their good example, and their benevolent our administration and government, we and enlightened efforts in every good bave thought fit, by the advice of our cause, if consistent and united, will have privy council, to issue this our royal pro- a powerful effect upon all classes of the clamation, and do hereby declare our royal nation. Let them not become lax by the purpose and resolution to discountenance laxity of others, but raise the average and punish all manner of vice, profane- standard of national morals by their conness, and immorality in all persons of stant efforts and unostentatious example. whatsoever degree or quality within this with the royal proclamation in their our realm, and particularly in such as are hands, let them shew that he is the true employed near our royal person; and that loyalist, the best subject to his prince, and for the encouragement of religion and the best friend to all classes of his counmorality, we will, upon all occasions, disa trymen, who acts up to the spirit of that tinguish persons of piety and virtue by document, and shews his allegiance to his marks of our royal favour; and we do ex. earthly sovereign by his reverence for the pect and require, that all persons of ho King of kings. In particular would we nour or in place of authority will give urge one subject before adverted to, and good example, by their own virtue and which has of late impressed itself strongly, piety, and to their utmost contribute to as is due to its importance, upon the the discountenancing persons of dissolute hearts of Christians-the better obserand debauched lives, that they, being re- vance of the Sabbath, at present so flagduced by that means to shame and con- rantly violated by Sunday travelling, Suntempt for their loose and evil actions and day newspapers, Sunday business, and Sunbehaviour, may be thereby also enforced day festivities. Committees have in various the sooner to reform their ill habits and places been formed, to promote this obpractices, and that the visible displeasure ject; and we trust that the next session of good men towards them may (as far as of parliament will witness many powerful it is possible) supply what the laws (pro efforts made, by petition to the legislature bably) cannot altogether prevent.” The and the throne, and in all other proper proclamation goes on to denounce "ex- ways, to diminish the existing evil. Even cessive drinking, blasphemy, profane should they not succeed to the extent of swearing and cursing, lewdness, profana- their wishes, they may at least be a means tion of the Lord's day and other disso. of preventing its further increase. lute, immoral, or disorderly practices; " The dissolution of parliament has left and particularly enjoins a "decent and re- most of the great questions of public inverent attendance upon the worship of terest in abeyance. The approaching God on every Lord's day, on pain of our crisis of a general election opens an imhighest displeasure.” His majesty has portant field for the exertions of all rightbut to act up to his own admirable pro- minded and religious persons, to promote clamation to ensure him as much the re- the return of suitable representatives in verent esteem of the religious and best the ensuing parliament ; men, if possible, part of his subjects, as his frank affable of known good faith and tried character ; manners will secure the popular suffrage. men pledged to a just and fearless disAnd earnestly would we trust, and gene charge of public duties, as in the sight of rously would we hope, that such solemn God, and not as adherents to a party; assurances are not words of course; but religious men, if otherwise suitably quathat, under the sense of his own high re- lified; but, at least, men whose sentisponsibilities, his majesty, and his wise, ments are known to be firmly favourable amiable, and excellently-disposed queen, to moral, religious, humane, and enlightwill render their court what every reli ened objects, and who, on all questions, gious and moral man, and every true pa- will lend their whole influence to what triot would wish it to become. In his they wisely and honestly consider calcuhigh and arduous office, surrounded with lated to bring glory to God, and peace and the evil examples of too many who would good will to man.
ANSWERS TO CORRESPONDENTS. M. E. W.; G. J. ; SIMPLEX ; Philo; THEOGNIS ; P. G. H. ; G.; are under consi
deration. We cannot inform SCRUTATOR why Ephesians ii. 1-10 does not happen to have
been selected for one of the Epistles in our church service ; but it is most unjust and uncharitable to suppose, as he does, without a shadow of proof, that it was expressly passed over from some alleged addiction to Popish doctrine on the part of the compilers of our Liturgy, and their consequent dislike to verses 8, 9, 10. The passage is eminently beautiful and expressive, but many others also eminently beautiful and expressive are not included, the plan of the Epistles and Gospels comprising only a few verses for each Sunday and holiday; and whatever portions had been selected, there would have been the same liability to objection. The tastes and judgments of persons may differ as to the most suitable passages ; but to construe inevitable pretermissions into intentional disparagement is most unreasonable. Who more gloried than our Reformers in those blessed truths which Scrutator (we think his signature
not well chosen) supposes them inclined to sophisticate ? We cannot admit that our church is guilty of the crime, charged by CANONICUS, of
offering to the people a mutilated Bible. For their private perusal she presents the whole; and for public instruction she appoints the whole to be read through publicly, from day to day, with only such omissions as in the main are discreet and well-judged; and the selection of lessons for Sundays and other particular days is only because, as all cannot be read, it appeared to the compliers of the Liturgy desirable, and we think it was quite justifiable, to select such portions as seemed peculiarly fitted for general edification,-not, however, meaning that others are not for edification also. Does our correspondent, in his own family, read the lists of names in the Chronicles, or some peculiar passages omitted by our church lest they should not be received with simplicity by a mixed public audience, as often as he does the writings of the Evangelists or Apostles? We speak only of the general principle, without, at present, discussing whether or not the selection is always the best. We are, however, quite sure, that if the church directed, as Canonicus and some other of our correspondents wish, that the whole Bible should be read in regular order without any omission or selection whatever, both clergy and people would soon complain that for several Sundays together they had not been edified so much as they might have been by an appropriate selection. Our correspondent's argument, that selection, with a view to a particular object, is disparaging to the word of God, appears to us quite groundless. If the rule were valid, it would apply to the sermons of the clergy, who ought to go through the whole Bible in succession, giving as many months to the Books of Chronicles, for example, as to the same number of
pages of the New Testament. AN OLD Reader's letter on political economy is written in so candid and Christian a
spirit that we should gladly enter into the discussion he desires, if it were not that it would have the effect which he deprecates of employing too many pages on a subject which he justly thinks ought not to engross much of our space. We have the misfortune to differ from almost all his facts and inferences, even to the Beer Act, which he requests us to notice, but which he will find we have already alluded to in a former Number. His whole argument about trade is, that it is wise and politic and Christian to tie men's hands to prevent their doing what they will with their own : our view is quite the contrary. Every man ought to be at liberty to do what he pleases to better his own condition, provided he does no injustice to others; and we do not reckon it injustice to the dear shop that he prefers buying at a cheaper. If our correspondent, with his calm and liberal spirit, will examine more fully into the whole question, we feel persuaded he will gradually, but decidedly alter his views. He will not, with his sense of Christian justice, advocate monopolies that benefit a few at the expense of many. The abandonment of them may for a time injure the monopolists, but their continuance is an injury and injustice to all. What he says about the higher taxation of this country, the price of labour, continental habits, and so forth, has, when justly investigated, nothing whatever to do with the question. If a man honestly manufactures lawful goods, surely he ought not to be prohibited doing what he pleases with them. How our correspondent can suppose that tying his hands, and shutting his market, benefits him, or raises the wages of his workmen, we cannot conceive. The buckle-manufacturers were greatly distressed when shoe-strings were introduced, large capitals fell to nothing, thousands of working buckle-makers were ruined, and hundreds perished in workhouses, not being able to obtain other employment; but would it have been therefore right to make a law that no person should wear shoe-strings? Yet our correspondent's argument comes directly to this. Suppose our publisher had petitioned parliament to the effect, that a quarter of a century ago the Christian Observer was almost the only religious periodical publication in Great Britain, at least in the Church of England, and prayed that no Christian Guardians, Christian Remembrancers, British, or Quarterly, or Theological, or Clerical Reviews, should be allowed to intrude into the market because new works and new capital would injure the old. Would not this have been a most selfish and absurd petition? Yet it would have been just as good. a case as that of our correspondent. We do not, however, hear any complaints that the Christian Observer has been driven out of the market : it goes on its way very smoothly; and the public have the advantage of selecting where they choose ; and even if they preferred procuring French or American periodicals, there is no law, and should be no law, to prevent them. We apply the parallel throughout. But, says our correspondent, “I do not plead for prohibition, but protection;" that is (we do not say it offensively), not for complete injustice, but only for partial injustice. An article at the market price wunts no protection; it protects itself: to raise it beyond that price by upholding it against others who have a better or cheaper article, is simply cheating the purchaser for the benefit of the vender. The matter, twist it as we may, does, and must come to this. Our correspondent lays it down as the first duty of a British_statesman, to protect British interests; but is not London, is not Bristol, is not Liverpool, are not Leeds, and Manchester, and Birmingham, and Sheffield, and all our other commercial and manufacturing towns, with their many millions of population, as much Great Britain and British interests as the rural district of — Why should not A. B.'s manufacture be as much "protected” as C. D.'s? We can only view these matters as simple-minded, old-fashioned Christians; and Christianity comports with the most enlightened political economy. Let our correspondent, who we are sure writes in the sincerity of his heart, ask himself whether if he were to find himself to-morrow a merchant, or manufacturer, or shopkeeper, or one of the working population, he would argue precisely as he does at present. He has a barn full of corn, we will suppose, or a shed full of wool, and nobody prevents his doing what he likes with it; and why, if he happened to have a warehouse of cottons, or a cargo of hardware, should he not be equally free? There might be persons who objected that Jacob's sending his sons to buy corn in Egypt for the famine of their houses, injured the landowners of Canaan, and was very unpatriotic, particularly as they paid in bullion : but our correspondent assuredly will not abet this reasoning, as respects the dearth in Canaan, though he virtually applies it to the dearth among the operatives of Birmingham or Manchester.
SUPPLEMENT TO RELIGIOUS INTELLIGENCE.
BRITISH AND FOREIGN BIBLE SOCIETY. The Bible Society intelligence, we need not say, is always valuable and important.
ANTI-SLAVERY SOCIETY. . Besides the current Number of the Anti-Slavery Reporter, No. 62, our readers will find affixed a Supplement to No.61, containing several important papers, and the Society's Address to the electors and people of the United Kingdom, strongly urging them to give their vote or countenance to no parliamentary candidate who will not unequivocally pledge himself to advocate the utter abolition of slavery. We need not repeat how heartily we concur in this suggestion. We conscientiously think that this question ought to constitute one of the chief features of the approacbing ordeal. Catholic emancipation is gone by; and many other important questions will take care of themselves by exciting sectional feelings and party zenl; but this simple cause of truth, humanity, and religion, against sordid solidly-compacted interest, needs many zealous and disinterested advocates, otherwise another parliament will commence and end, as unhappily the last has done, without one decisive step towards the extinction of the abomination. And will the British public, will true Christians especially, permit this without an effort to prevent it?
REPORT OF THE PEACE SOCIETY. We are not members of the Peace Society: but as Christians we are firm friends to the principles of peace, and we have thought it but justice to the society to allow it to speak for itself; and the detail of its benevolent proceedings cannot fail to prove interesting to our readers, even though, like ourselves, they should not be prepared to maintain with the society, the utter unlawfulness of every species of military proceeding.
IRISH SOCIETY. The Society's interesting appeal (alluded to p. 418) has arrived in time for the present Number.