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you must.' The cadet died in Madras, alone can effectually reform the world ; at in consequence of the miseries which he the same time they will use every other had endured during those four years." lawful means for effecting their object,

A committee has been formed, under and they propose to appeal to parliament, the presidency of Lord Milton, to carry to the church, and to the aristocracy of into effect the project for a General Ceme- opinion among the higher ranks of society. tery Company, for providing places of

FRANCE. interment secure from violation, inoffensive The conductors of the Revue Protesto public health and decency, and orna- tante, the organ of those who call themmental to the metropolis. The capital is selves the liberal party in the French to be 200,0001., in shares of 251. each. Protestant Church, give the following as

Since the publication of the original the fundamental doctrines of the Gospel prospectus, much additional information of Christ : “ The unity of God; the gohas been obtained ; and, on the eighth of vernment of the world, having for its obFebruary last, a meeting of the friends of ject the salvation of men, and their moral the measure was convened, at which a elevation, by means of religious knowledge; provisional committee was appointed to the liberty of man, or his capacity for make the necessary arrangements. An good under the assistance of God, teacheligible site, it is stated, has been offered ing him to withdraw himself from the for the purpose. The grounds will be power of sensuality, and by preserving laid out and planted, after the manner of the dignity of the intellectual man, to that of Père la Chaise, Paris; and pro- arrive at peace of conscience and the reperly watched and guarded. Parishes, wards of eternity.” And is this all ? and public bodies, and individuals, may obtain can it be wondered at that while Protestground for the purpose of interment, with ant Christianity has so widely degenerated liberty to erect monuments after their on the continent into a system meagre own designs. Vaults and catacombs also and frigid like this, it has been involved will be constructed for general use. There in a death-like slumber, and had well-nigh will be also a chapel for the celebration of been forgotten on the earth. Our hope the funeral service, and the reception of for the French Reformed Church is, that monuments.--The annual number of in- a more evangelical spirit is finding its way terments in the metropolis, including Pad. among its members; and that every year dington, St. Mary-le-bone, and St. Pan- is adding to the number of those who have cras, amounts to about 40,000. In Bun- been led to adopt infinitely higher views hill-Fields alone, upwards of 1000 persons of the designs and effects of Christianity. are buried annually.

An ordinance was issued in France in IRELAND.

1814, under M. de Beugnot, enjoining the A society has been formed in Dublin religious observation of the Lord's day, for suppressing the absurd and barbarous, and imposing a fine upon tradesmen keepas well as impious practice of duelling. ing open their shops. The French stigWe fear that, where better principles do matise it as an English law, which has not not prevail, nothing will speedily check and cannot be carried into effect in their the custom, but making it in some way as free and liberal country. conventially disgraceful as it is wicked.

SWITZERLAND. A court of honour might do something ; In the Registry of the Council of State but we doubt whether there would be of Geneva, there are a number of minute many appeals to it, as the exciting causes entries relative to Calvin, Beza, Farel, of duels, especially in the army, are often and Viret; some of which may be useful too ridiculous to bring before a tribunal, to the historian. They were extracted Captain A. after dinner disparages Colo- some years since by the Baron de Grenus, nel B.'s pointer, and says he would not and have just been printed at Geneva in give three hairs of his roan's tail for twenty a detached form. We have procured the such dogs. Colonel B. retorts, a quarrel pamphlet, and will present a specimen of ensues; and though both parties feel them- its contents to our readers. selves next morning to have acted most

GERMANY. absurdly, and would be glad to forget the Dr. Block, who holds the high office matter, their own honour, and that of the of Pastor Superintendant General of the regiment, require blood to expiate the of. kingdom of Hanover, has recently pubfence. The Anti-duellist Society, we are lished three volumes entitled, “ The Conglad to perceive, takes up the matter on tinuance of the Reformation, as respects truly Christian grounds : their wish is to Theology, Religion, and the Church." inculcate truly scriptural principles, which The work is highly eulogized by the so

called rational enlightened part of the “ were formerly accustomed to speak of Protestants of France, Germany, and the death of Christ rather as an immediate Switzerland. Dr. Block is pleased to cause of the pardon of sins, than as a means consider that the Reformation is only be of arriving at purity, and as a motive to gun, and that it ought to be the earnest conversion, this should not binder the effort of every Protestant to hasten on an present race of preachers from taking a ulterior reformation“ by purifying theology contrary course, and insisting lesson from Judaism, Divine worship from routine juridical than moral considerations.” It services, and the ministry from mechanical is deeply mournful that such sentiments priest-craft.” He lays down as his first should be widely promulgated on the conprinciple, that the human mind has the tinent as the consummation of Protestant. power to discern what is spiritual, holy, ism. We need not add what advantage and perfect ; and that the way to arrive at they give the Papist, who, familiar with true religion is to use our intellect, free such perversions of the Reformed religion, will, and conscience, and not to appeal to sees in the Reformation only the seeds of authority, or history: the Bible, we need impiety, infidelity, and every evil work. not remark, is both authoritative and his- A zealous contest is in progress throughtorical. Christ and his Apostles merely out Germany, between the Neologian and exhibited fundamental truths in an ele- Evangelical, or, as the Neologians are mentary manner, leaving their complete pleased to call it, the “mystical system. development to the powers of human The pastors of the circle of the Rhine, reason ! Christianity, he says, proves its who claim to themselves the honour of Divine origin by its conformity to what being chiefly of the so-called rational and our reason tells us is Divine ; an argument enlightened class, in the synod in which to which we bave always objected in works the Lutheran and Reformed branches on the evidences, as trying the Infinite were united, the former giving up consubMind at the bar of man's feeble intellect. stantiation, and the latter predestination, It is also subject to recoil ; for the Soci- resolved that they adhered to the doctrine nian, for example, says that the doctrine of the New Testament, and disclaimed all of the atonement is not, to his mind rea- confessions of faith. The object of this sonable : but is it not scriptural ? Dr. well-sounding resolution, was virtually to Block denies the doctrine of Divine influ- get rid of the doctrine of the Trinity, the ence, which he maintains to be irrational Divinity of our Lord, and of the Holy and superstitious. He considers religion Ghost, original sin, justification by faith, greatly impeded by various errors ; such and, in short, all “ mysteries.” The Old as, first, receiving the whole of the Bible Testament was also wholly set aside as as our religious code ; whereas he tells us to doctrinal authority. There is likely to that the Old Testament and the New are be a powerful struggle between the philo. quite different in their spirit : secondly, sophical and the scriptural parties, at the making the Bible the only source of reli- synod of 1831, especially if the latter progious knowledge, to the exclusion of hu- pose Luther's shorter catechism as the man philosophy : and, thirdly, the Bible basis of instruction. The German Neolonot being set before the people in a proper gians say of this and similar documents, form and translation, so as to convey just including their own creeds, what some ideas. There is not, we presume, in among ourselves say of our own Articles French or German, so radically “im- and Homilies, that they were very well for proved" a version as the English Unita- the times in which they were drawn up, rian translation; where, for instance, in but are very ill suited to this enlightened the place of “ He that believeth and is age. Religion, like all other things, is to baptized shall be saved, and he that be- march forward, and in particular to be delieveth not shall be damned," we read, fecated of all “mysteries." “ He who professes faith in me shall be

GREECE. admitted to the privileges of the Christian Mr. Leake, in bis travels in the Morea, community; he wbo does not believe shall mentions the following vestige of an anremain under the disadvantages of a cient custom :-“ The misery of these Kaheathen state." Such a translation, we kavuliótes is extreme. To the inquiries presume, would exactly meet the Superin- of my servants for the commonest articles tendant-General's ideas. The wish of of provisions, the answer constantly is, Dr. Block, and his brother Protestant · Where are we to find oil, or vinegar, or reformers, of the enlightened school on wine, or bread ?' as if such things were the continent, may be gathered from a luxuries in which they never indulged. single sentence: “If preachers,” he says, The chief instrument of household furni

ture is the handmill, in which the kalam- ship among our factories abroad, and I bókki is ground. This is the employment refer you to Spon and Wheeler for what of the women at night, who generally ac- they witnessed in the Levant, in their day. company the work with a song in lamen- I have even thought it was one great im. tation of some deceased relation, who has pediinent to the progress of the Reformabeen killed perhaps by a hostile house ; tion in Catholic countries. Instead of and it is their custom to continue these letting our light so shine before men,' on songs during the whole period of mourn. the Sabbath, that they seeing our good ing, and the men let their beards grow on works,' might be led to 'glorify our Fathe same occasions. The xeipouuder is a ther in heaven,' after the same manner; lineal descendant of the ancient hand-mill, they only consider our separation from as the songs which accompany the grind- their church as an abandonment of all ing are of the ωδαι επιμυλιοι."

worship, and point out our conduct in MALTA.

proof of it. There is nothing which more An American Missionary states, that strongly marks the growing feeling of toduring almost seven years that he re- leration in the world, than this concession sided in Malta, he was witness regularly on among a people, formerly distinguished Monday morning to a solemn and admo- for their spirit of persecution.” nitory scene. A man passes through the

UNITED STATES. streets ringing a bell in one hand, and A benevolent individual has placed in rattling a box in the other, crying at every

the hands of the Committee of the Amecorner, “What will you give for the souls?rican Temperance Society, the sum of What will you give for the souls?” The 250 dollars, for the author of the best children and women come out of the ha- tract on the following subject; namely, bitations of poverty, and cast their mites “ Is it consistent with a profession of the into the box. When it is full of money it Christian religion, for persons to use, as is carried to a neighbouring convent, to an article of luxury or living, distilled lipay the priests for praying the souls of the quors, or to traffic in them? And is it dead out of purgatory. We exhort Pro consistent with duty, for the churches of testants to "give money for souls” in a Christ to admit those who continue to do far different manner; by assisting Chris- this, as members ?” tian missions, and the circulation of the Since 1811, when Bishop Flaget arrived word of God.

in Kentucky, thirty Catholic churches have BRAZIL.

been built in the diocese of Bardstown We are concerned to read in Dr. alone, besides several colleges, nunneries, Walsh’s tour, the following account of &c. The Bishop has been aided in acthe Protestant Chapel at Rio Janeiro :- complishing this work by the contributions “ This chapel was never entirely finished; of the Kings of France and Naples, the and at present it exhibits marks not only Queen of Sardinia, and the Duke of Moof neglect but decay. The rain has dena. During the year 1828, the sum of rotted the roof, which is continually fall- 120,000 francs was voted by the Associaing on the heads of the scanty congregation tion for the Propagation of the Faith, towho attend it: the windows are broken, wards the support of Catholic missions in and instead of the neatness and propriety the United States; and the enterprise of which always distinguish the house of God bringing the population of the valley of the in England, it has an air of dirt and neglect, Mississippi under the spiritual authority of quite painful to contemplate; and the con- the Pope, is stated to be a subject of fregregation, as if to confirm the prediction quent and earnest conversation in the norof the Bishop of Rio, seemed to take no thern parts of Italy. interest in it when it was built, notwith- An American journal remarks: “Gestanding their zeal to have it established. neral Jackson regularly attends church It is capable of containing six or seven (the Presbyterian) on Sabbath mornings. hundred persons, and there is that num- Mr. Adams' attendance was divided beber of the Reformed Church at Rio to fill tween the Orthodox and the Unitarian. it, yet I never counted more than thirty Mr. Monroe seldom went to church at or forty. I have often reflected with great all. Mr. Madison was not particularly concern on this indifference to public wor- distinguished for his attendance.

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PROTESTANT CHURCH AT BUE- ill spare ; and checking that moral culture NOS AYRES.

and growing improvement in industry We are happy to convey to our readers and civilization which are so essential to the following intelligence; and we trust national prosperity, as well as individual the result will be very different to that comfort and security. But so strongly is which we have mentioned in another part this enemy supported by the virulence of of this Number, respecting the Protestant factious spirits, trained in the school of Chapel at Rio Janeiro.

revolution, that I fear his death may not

be looked for until the present generation To the Editor of the Christian Observer.

shall have passed away. In the mean time, It is now nearly eighteen years since, however, the cause of God may gradually, through the medium of your excellent though privately, make its way; and a publication, I made known the erection foundation may be laid on which other geof the first Protestant Church in Spanish nerations, more favourably circumstanced, America. I have now the pleasure of in. may build a superstructure which shall at forming you, that on the 5th April the once adorn the land and proclaim the foundation-stone of probably the second glory of the Most High.— I am, &c. Protestant Church in the same extensive

JOHN ARMSTRONG, country was laid in this city, by his Bri

British Chaplain, Buenos Ayres. tannic Majesty's Charge d' Affaires to the United Provinces of the Rio de la Plata, PROPOSED FOURTH MORAVIAN for the use of his British subjects resident

MISSION. in this country. The church in Honduras, The mission of the United Brethren though built within the dominions of among the Esquimaux, on the coast of Spain, was immediately under the control Labrador, has existed for nearly sixty of the British Government, Honduras years. Of its origin and progress to the being a British settlement; but that now present time, authentic and circumstan. erecting in Buenos Ayres is in the very tial accounts have been frequently laid heart of a Roman-Catholic city : and it is before the Christian public, and have moreover a pleasing and promising cir- tended, by the Divine blessing, to excite cumstance in connexion with this event, great interest in its prosperity. that to the generosity of the Government The first settlement was formed in fiftyof the province the residents are in- six degrees north latitude, and called Nain. debted for the site of ground on which It soon became the resort of a number of their church is building; a strong mark Esquimaux families, to whom the misof the growing liberality and tolerant sionaries preached the doctrine of a cruspirit of the country.

cified Saviour, and whose affection and It is deeply to be regretted that the de confidence they gained. The success mon of civil discord should stalk so fiercely with which it pleased God to crown their throughout these countries, depopulating labours, induced them, in the year 1774, them of their inhabitants, which they can to take measures to extend the mission. Notwithstanding the loss of two brethren, Lord, and to expect from his gracious and who perished by shipwreck, in the first bountiful hand the needful means for its attempt to explore this dangerous coast, extension. Being convinced, after careful the survivors ventured, shortly after, upon inquiry, and mature deliberation, that it is two similar voyages, which eventually led of importance to take immediate steps for to the establishment of a second station at the formation of a settlement at KangertOkkak, about one hundred miles to the luksoak, and having further ascertained, north of Nain, in the year 1775, and of a that a considerable saving of time, labour, third at Hopedale, nearly the same distance and expense, will result from the early to the southward, in 1783. The congre- purchase and transport of building mategations of Esquimaux, at the three settle- rials and other stores, they are very anxments, now number cight hundred and ious that the requisite purchases should six persons, of whom two hundred and be made without delay, and a vessel chareighty-one are communicants.

tered for their conveyance to the place of For several years past, the establishment destination. We need not add one word to of a fourth missionary station, at a place this interesting statement, to induce those called Kangertluksoak, about eighty miles of our readers who have it in their power to the north of Okkak, has been seriously to assist this euterprise of Christian mercy. contemplated; but various difficulties have Donations towards this specific object, hitherto prevented the execution of this will be thankfully received by the Rev. purpose. The number of inhabitants be- C. I. Latrobe, Bartlett's Buildings. longing to Okkak, amounting to nearly four hundred, and gradually increasing, is INDIAN BIBLE AND TRACTS. too large, when compared with the scanty An officer, who has employed himself in

supply of provisions which its neighbour. translating the Bible into the language of hood is capable of affording. It is also the Chippeway Indians, writes : hoped, that, by the occupation of another, “ The fourth and last of the Evangelists and a more northern station, an oppor- I have now in hand : Matthew, Mark, and tunity may be given to the brethren of John, Genesis and Jonah, are finished; proclaiming the Gospel to many heathen and some detached passages in other tribes scattered at intervals along the books. About a month since I commenced coast. Several missionaries have cheer- reading my version publicly to the Indians fully offered themselves for the work; and on the Sabbath. They understand withall that now remains for the society is to out difficulty, as I am assured by themprovide the requisite means to carry it into selves, and by very intelligent interpreexecution. Its members acknowledge, ters. It appears to me that missionary with humble gratitude to the Lord, that associations would derive essential advanhe has hitherto been pleased to“bless their tage from small Tracts in the languages of substance, and accept the work of their the people addressed, and accompanied hands.” He has enabled them, by means with pictures. There is at this place a of a casual and apparently inadequate very old French edition of the Bible with traffic with the Esquimaux, carried on by pictures : and among those persons who brethren appointed for that purpose, and speak the Indian only, and who know who have performed their work with sin- something of the Scripture history, those gleness of heart, as unto the Lord,” to de- passages which are illustrated by engrayfray the extraordinary expense occasioned ings, have made by far the most deep and by the outfit and voyage of a small vessel, lasting impressions.” which the want of every other communication obliges them to send annually to AMERICAN EPISCOPAL MISSION the coast of Labrador, and even to con

IN GREECE. tribute to the support of the three exist- The Rev. Mr. Robertson, an American ing stations. But, for the establishment Episcopal Missionary in Greece, gives the of a fourth, their funds are wholly insuffi. following as the results of his investigacient; though they have reason to believe, tion of that country, with reference to that, when once formed, the expense of missionary and educational operations :its maintenance will not prove consider- l. It is very desirable that there should able. The society therefore, desire, in be missionaries in Greece; but they should the spirit of their predecessors, who, in be men whose zeal should be tempered the year 1771, with yet more slender re- with prudence, and who to personal piety sources, and a prospect of ultimate suc- add a good degree of intellectual cultivacess far less encouraging, undertook the tion. 2. Ministers of the Protestant Episestablishment of a mission on the coast copal Church will have more advantages of Labrador, to cast their care upon the than those of other denominations ; but

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