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will and pleasure is in all things, O Lord God, which despisest not and how to do our duty, and truly a contrite heart, and forgivest the to walk in our vocation, and that sins and wickedness of a sinner, in also we may express in our livwhat hour soever he doth mourn ing those things that we know, and lament his old manner of living; that we be not only followers of grant unto us, O Lord, true con- thy word, good Lord, but also be trition of heart, that we may vehe- workers of the same, by our Saviour mently despise our sinful life past, and Lord Jesus Christ. Amen. and wholly be converted to thee, by
Saturday. our Saviour and Lord Jesus Christ. O Almighty God, who hast proAmen.
mised everlasting life to all those Wednesday. . which be thy faithful servants; O merciful Father, by whose grant unto us, Lord, sure hope of power and strength we may over the life everlasting, that we being come our enemies both bodily and in this miserable world may have ghostly; grant unto us, Lord, that some taste and feeling of it in our according to our promise made in hearts, and that not by our deservour baptism, we may overcome the ing, but by the merits and deserving chief enemies of our soul; that is, the of our Saviour Jesus Christ. Amen. desires of the world, the pleasures O merciful God, our only aid and of the flesh, and the suggestions of succour and strength at all times, the wicked spirit; and so lead our grant unto us, O Lord, that in the lives in holiness and righteousness, time of prosperity we be not proud, that we may serve thee in spirit and and so forget thee, but that with truth, and that by our Saviour and our whole heart and spirit we may Lord Jesus Christ. Amen.
cleave unto thee; and in the time Thursday.
of adversity, that we fall not into O Almighty and everlasting God, infidelity and desolation, but that which not only givest every good always with a constant faith we and perfect gift, but also increas may call for help unto thee: Grant est those gifts that thou has given; this, O Lord, for our Advocate's we most humbly beseech thee, mer- sake, and Saviour, Jesus Christ. ciful God, to increase in us the gift Amen. of faith, that we may truly believe
Sunday. in thee, and in the promises made O Almighty and merciful Lord, unto us, and that neither by our neg. which givest unto thy elect people ligence or infirmity of the flesh, nor the gift of the Holy Ghost, as a by grievousness of temptation, nei. sure pledge of thy heavenly king. ther by the subtile crafts and assaults dom; grant unto us, Lord, thy of the devil, we may be driven from Holy Spirit, that he may bear witfaith in the blood of our Saviour ness with our spirits that we be thy and Lord Jesus Christ. Amen. children, and heirs of thy kingdom ; Friday..
and that by his operation we may Grant unto us, most merciful kill all carnal lusts, unlawful pleaGod, we most humbly beseech thee, sures, concupiscence, and evil affecknowledge and true understanding tions contrary to thy will, by our of thy word, that all ignorance being Saviour and Lord Jesus Christ. expelled, we may know what thy Amen.
M. FELLENBERG; HIS SCHOOLS listening answered, “It preserves our AND PLANS.
health. Yorg—' How does it pre
serve our health?' •Listen, my chil. (Continued from p. 353.)
dren, while I explain the reason to I PROCEED, as promised, to copy you. We perspire continually; a some extracts from Vehrli's journal, certain moisture or vapour, is at all which describe his manner of ful. times exbaling from our bodies: the filling his duties. I do not vouch harder we work, the more you know for all the theology.
we perspire; but even when we are “We were employed," says Vehrli, not in violent exercise, this inoisture “ in hoeing a field of fine wheat, and escapes in a certain degree. Look among the weeds we noticed some now:' I placed my hand upon one of the blue corn-flower. One of the of the panes of glass of the window : boys, Yorg, remarked, · It appears I then asked them, What is this white to me that it is the same with men' upon the glass, which prevents its as it is with plants: I mean, that being transparent?' Yorg touched it there are some good and some bad. with his finger, and said, “It is wet.' Among the best men there are some Yes ; it is wet with the water or that are wicked, as we find noxious vapour which came from my hand. weeds among the most useful plants. If we do not wash every day, but Among wicked men too, there are suffer the dust to settle upon the many who appear to be good : and skin, perspiration is checked, and one might almost believe them to this soon makes us ill.' be so. There is a man of that kind “At our meals I take care to rein the village that I came from, and mind them that it is from God we there are many others elsewhere. receive whatever serves us for meat It is just the same with plants. One and drink. I explain to them, that would scarcely believe this corn- man may indeed, by his labour, earn flower, which looks so pretty and his daily bread, but that the health is so bright a blue, to be one of the and ability which make that labour most mischievous weeds. But we useful to him are the gift of God; root it up, and God will destroy the and I teach them that the best way wicked.'
in which we can shew our thank“ When the season no longer fulness to him, is to make a right allows them to labour in the fields, use of the strength which is afforded they are employed in making bas- us by every meal. The effect prokets, in plaiting straw for chairs and duced in this way is, I think, more mats, in splitting or sawing wood, beneficial than making them repeat in making up faggots, in threshing, a form of prayer before and after riddling, cutting up roots for the use of eating. the cattle, and in knitting stockings.” “When I propose employing bo
“Yorg (the lad above mentioned] dily chastisement, it is seldom apwas not accustomed to wash himself, plied immediately after the fault has and was astonished at my urging been committed; but suspended till him to wash his hands two or three the child has had time for reflexion. times in the day. He asked me The following is pretty much the whether it was M. Fellenberg's way in which I make them underorder. Certainly,' I replied : 'why stand why they ought to be punished: should he look at your hands every - You have committed such and morning, unless it were to see that such a fault to-day, my children : they are clean?' Yorg - But what (I remind them severally what each is the use of it?' Madorli who was may have done wrong :) would children wise and reasonable conduct had learned to write very tolerably, themselves in this manner? No, and to calculate mentally with great assuredly; children who wish to facility. After leaving Hofwyl, he please God and their fellow-crea- went into the service of a Hungatures, children who wish to be rian nobleman, Count Abassy, who good and happy, act very differently. in consequence of his general good It is displeasing to God, who sees conduct, and to increase the respect and hears every thing : he punishes of his vassals and tenantry for him, them by not suffering them to admitted him to his own table. prosper when grown up; and if they “ Some of our pupils appeared to do not attend to the advice of their be quite out of spirits on their first parents or masters, but persist in arrival, and Schlafli was the one who their ill conduct, God punishes them found most difficulty in recoverin the next life also; instead of ing himself. Sometimes he would which he receives the good into weep the whole day; and often heaven. That you may never be while the other children were at as unhappy as naughty children work, he would throw himself on are, I warn and admonish you to the ground, saying he was not used behave well ; because I am anxious to labour, and could not accustom that you may prosper when you himself to it. It was also a real grow up: but this cannot happen, grievance to him, to be obliged to if you constantly neglect the cau. leave off his habit of wearing a bat." tions you receive from me. No. “ One evening when his compathing will be more likely to remind nions were all gone to bed, he came you of what I have so often told to me in tears, and said, I see very you, than my making use of the well that I cannot stay here longer: ferula, although I do this with great I shall die of grief: do pray let me reluctance. You who have already go away." “ It is not, you know," forgotten the caution I gave you last added he, “ that I do not like you week, are to receive two strokes on very much, but I cannot accustom the right, and one on the left hand. myself to live here: besides, I am And you who were to day guilty of sure I shall be ill if I do not wear such a grievous fault, how miserable a hat." I combated this idea by will you be, if you persist in these instancing the others, who had none bad habits! I shall strike you twice of them suffered from going bareon each hand; and when you have headed, but in vain : he always reany temptation to do wrong for the turned me the same answer, that he future, this pain will remind you could never become accustomed to that God, who beholds, will punish it. I thought it therefore better to you by the inevitable consequences make him easy by promising, that of your faults."
if at the end of three weeks he con« When in the summer of 1811, tinued to be of the same mind, I young Garth left school, and was would ask M. Fellenberg's permis. on the point of going home, his sion for him to return to his master. companions were quite distressed, This satisfied him; but at the end and Madorli proposed to do some of three weeks he no longer wished thing to please him at parting. They to leave us." all seized the idea, and begged my “ John Ammon came here the permission for each to give him a 7th Oct. 1810. He was only eight penny. This Madorli had been years old, and from his earliest inbrought up as a beggar ; but he fancy, bad been among strangers : says that he was ashamed of the oc- the poor child had generally been cupation, and would have preferred in bad hands, and often ill-treated. any thing else to begging from door At first he would tell the grossest to door, but his mother compelled falsehoods, and even when convicted him. In less than three months he of his faults, persisted in denying
them. Ammon seemed to take to strangers, lest feelings of vanity pleasure in spoiling whatever came should be fostered by this kind of within his reach : he had a small exhibition. During the latter part pocket-knife with which he amused of the summer, the number of bimself, carelessly cutting the plants visitors at Hofwyl is great: of without considering the mischief he course the young gentlemen of the was doing. He has not only cor- Institute, and those of the interrected this perverse disposition, but mediate school, are not to be interis become very careful, especially rupted at their studies; and Verhli's with respect to plants. He has boys are generally in the fields the also left off lying. His health is im- greater part of the day. proved : he used to be excessively One of the most efficacious instrupale, but has now a good colour." ments of discipline and moral suasion
"In the summer of 1812, Michael used in M.Fellenberg's establishment Hunziger was admitted into the 'is what is termed TheRecapitulation. school. His brother Samuel, had Before retiring to their dormitories entered it in 1810, and welcomed the pupils of the respective schools him with transports of joy. We assemble of an evening, either at expected that Michael would have once, or according to their ages ; some share of his brother's vivacity; and a review is taken of the events but, on the contrary, he was exces- of the day, as they may have arisen, sively dull, and all his movements including whatever may have been were slow and awkward. Samuel reprehensible or otherwise in the takes great care of him, and the conduct of any. It is not the cusfirst evening after his arrival sat up tom to be too minute in censure, or till midnight to mend his clothes. to administer that reproach, tender He shews him how to set about his that advice, or bestow that approval work, in the best possible manner, publicly, which had better be reand urges him to make himself con- served for some private opportunity: stantly useful. He plays with him but there may be a variety of deduring the hours of recreation, and linquencies which are generally exercises him in leaping, in order known, and these can be made the that he may become more active.” topics of inquiry, of animadversion,
These memoranda from Vehrli's and of counsel. Each pupil is en. journal may, perhaps, seem too couraged, with a regard to veracity, familiar for publication ; but they freely and respectfully to reply 10 will serve to illustrate M. Fellen- alleged charges, and this gives an berg's system better than elaborate interest to these occasions. M. observations.
Fellenberg, as the head and father In my attempt to give an outline of the whole family, presides at them of M. Fellenberg's principles of in the Institute, and then closes the education, as connected with his day by offering up a prayer, which practice, I have noticed only the embraces the subjects on which he İnstitute, and Vehrli's school. The has had to descant. When no spereader will scarcely fail to distin- cial subject calls for scrutiny or guish what regulations and maxims observation, M. Fellenberg urges apply only to one, and what to both; some general point, such as attention in common with the intermediate to duty, the motives to diligence, school, and that for girls. The the responsibility of rational beings, employment in this last must ne- and the concerns of religion. cessarily be different from those in Remonstrance and approbation that for indigent boys; but its sup- are more likely to have their legiti. porter, anxious that nothing preju- mate force, where none of those dicial to the formation of the cha- stimulants to exertion and propriety racter should be permitted, does are pressed into the service of the not ordinarily allow it to be shewn preceptor, which confuse the infantile mind, and prevent its clearly we set off as appointed. The discerning the distinctions between reader may fancy me musing in my right and wrong. M.Fellenberg is very excursion on the character and ciranxious on this subject, as well as in cumstances of men who, like M. watching over those associations of Fellenberg, have been lifted into thought which stamp themost durable notoriety. Plutarch relates that impressions on the minds of children. Philopemen, being ever intent on He would not, for example, make his profession of war, was accusthe Bible a task-book, or even one tomed to consider with himself, and by which prizes may be gained even to point out to those about through the exercise of the memory. him as he travelled, the difficulties This is a ready way to render the of steep or broken ground, and how scholar a parrot in divinity, and the ranks of an army should be exinattentive to the invaluable con- tended or closed, according to the tents of the Inspired Volume, difference made by ditches, rivers, Every child should know the Holy and defiles. This celebrated general Scriptures, " which are able to seems to have well understood the make wise unto salvation;" they importance of sedulity; and Ecdeare for our guidance and conso- mus and Demophanes, as having lation, and to study them should be rendered him, by the principles of represented as a necessary and de- philosophy, a common benefit to lightful employment; but the minds Greece, valued themselves more on of children should not be worked having finishing his education than upon by marks of ambitious dis- for all their other great actions. tinction, rewards, or chastisements, What Philopæmen gained in the in learning the Gospel of Jesus wars he laid out upon horses, or Christ our Lord God and Saviour. arms, or in redeeming captives;
and he endeavoured to improve his But it is time that I should pro- own estate by the fairest possible ceed to give my readers some ac- means, that is, by agriculture. M. count of MAYKIRK, and the colony Fellenberg, likewise, is incessantly of the Linth.
bent upon his vocation, not that M. Fellenberg, perceiving me to of war, but of ameliorating sobe deeply interested in his experi- ciety, and agriculture is one of his ments, proposed to me a ride to his greatest expedients. The reader colony of Maykirk. The system of may fancy him either in the calm. education pursued there, similar in ness of his solitary meditative rides, principle to that adopted at Hofwyl, holding his right hand lightly over is an illustration of a remedy which his bridle hand, while he is deeply he believes would greatly aid in reflecting upon his benevolent procountervailing, amongst other evils, jects, or explaining them to a friend those of our English poor laws. with a zeal not short of that of Phi
This little colony, which is seated lopæmen lecturing on war. on the side of a mountain above Whilst our horses were labouring the village of Maykirk, distant six up the narrow road, lying through a miles from Hofwyl, is a remarkable, coppice, on the side of the mountain , but not in any respect an extrava- which rises over the village of May. gant, speculation of an active phi. kirk, the steepness of the ascent lanthropy.
here forcing us to proceed at a pace The afternoon on which we ar- favourable to conversation, he obranged to visit this rural seminary served, that “as there are some threatened rain : but I was anxious fathers who have raised themselves not to lose this opportunity, the from obscurity to affluence, so there only one I might have, of accom- are many good fathers who have to panying him thither; and he kindly struggle severely even to maintain mounting me on one of his horses, their families; while there are some