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intimating " that nothing is too little for a and the appended documents. The friends great man."-(Lardner's Cyclop.)
of the projected new edition are pleased PRUSSIA.
to state, that “the Christian Observer has There are no poor rates in Berlin ; but become increasingly known in America, large and increasing sums are annually ex. and has risen in public opinion in propor. pended by private benevolence : amount. tion as it has become so; " " having been ing it is said, in 1827, to 35,9941. and in sustained,” they add, “ by a weight of 1829 to 60,0001.
talent rarely equalled ;" “ which talent," TURKEY.
they continue, “ was never more conspi. The Sultan, it seems, is sitting for his cuously exerted than at the present mo. picture to a European artist, to the con- ment.” The work, they are pleased to sternation of his whole court. Thus in. assert, “every where breathes a truly novation is rapidly finding its way even catholic and assuasive spirit ; so that even into Turkey.
controversy, where it partakes of a conUNITED STATES.
troversial character, has been so managed Proposals have been lately issued for a as rather to convince and conciliate, than re-publication of the Christian Observer to excite animosity and feelings of anger ; in Boston, where a monthly reprint com and it has exerted a happy influence in menced seventeen years ago, and was con- softening the asperities, and allaying the tinued till two years since, when it was intolerance of opposing sectarians." Affixó suspended; but not, it is stated, “ for wanted to this circular is a recommendation of efficient patronage,- for, on the con- from Dr. Milner, the rector of St. George's trary, the work was well patronized, and New York, the laudatory allusions in the abandonment was to many a source which we may the better pardon since he of disappointment and sincere regret.” has been pleased to spread them over The edition in New York, we are informed, “the general range of our numerous gifted bad injured the Boston edition; it not assuciates." We are always gratified at being to be expected that two reprints the cordiality with which our pages have could be advantageously continued : be- been received in America ; but we shall sides which, literary institutions, persons feel better pleased to find that our transconnected with the religious societies, and atlantic friends have now so many valuable private subscribers, prefer the London publications of their own that they can copies for the sake of an earlier supply, readily dispense with a reprint of them. and for the information on the cover
LIST OF NEW PUBLICATIONS. Sermons preached before the University “ Reasons why I am a Member of the of Cambridge. By the Rev. R. W. Evans. Bible Society." By J. Poynder. 58. 6d.
The Layman's Sermon on Slavery. By The Christian Expositor. By the Rev. S. Roberts. G. Holden. 10s. 6d.
An Appeal to the Clergy on Behalf of Sermons by the Rev. A. Irvine. 8s. 6d. the Bible Society. By the Hon. and Rev.
Six Lectures on Liberality and Expediency. By the Rev. J. Grant 5s. The Book of the Priesthood. By T.
Christian Friendship on Earth perpe. Stratten. 8s. tuated in Heaven. By C. R. Muston.6s. 6d. Robt. Montgomery and his Reviewers. · The Arguments for Predestination and By E. Clarkson. 35. Necessity contrasted with philosophical Sacred Geography and History. By Enquiry, in two Sermons. By R. H. W. Pinnock. Graves, D.D.
English Prisoners in France. By the A Visitation Sermon. By the Rev. J. Rev. R. B. Wolfe. 7s. Gibson.
“ The Appeal ;” A Poem. By S. ." The Law of the Sabbath,” a Sermon. Bromley. By the Rev. H. Smith. Is. 6d.
Questions on St. Matthew, St. Luke. "The Difficulties of Romanism. Se- and the Acts. By the Rev. R. Wilson. cond Edition, remoulded. By the Rev. 10s. 6d. G. S. Faber. 16s.
The Devotional Testament, intended as Sermons by the Rev. H. Moore ; with a a Help for the Closet, and for domestic Memoir. 5s.
Worship. By the Rev. R. Marks. “ The Practical Power of Faith.” A Series of Church-of-England Divines. Sermons, by the Rev. T. Binney. Jos. 6d. No. I-Works of Bishop Sherlock. Vol. I.
Scripture Novelties. By the Rev. E. 7s. 6d. To be continued monthly. Craig. 6d.
3 D 2
POPERY IN AMERICA.
The society has,-stations, forty-four ; The American Journals state, that a new Ordained Missionaries, forty-six; Licensed supply of Roman-Catholic priests from Preachers and Catechists, eight; MissionEurope is preparing to enter the valley of ary Assistants, one hundred and seventythe Mississippi; and that the kingof Bavaria, one; Native Assistants, forty-one. Bea Roman Catholic, has become the head sides these, there are native teachers of of an association to diffuse the religion of free schools in Bombay, Ceylon, and the Rome in America, and that Vienna and Sandwich Islands. The society's memRoman-Catholic France unite in the pro- bers in India, Western Asia, the Sandject.
wich Islands, among the North-American
Indians, Native Communicants, Learners AMERICAN BOARD OF MISSIONS. in the Schools, fifty-one thousand five
The American Board of Missions was hundred seventy.nine. incorporated in the year 1812. The re- Printing presses in Bombay, Ceylon, ceipts during last year, were 106,928 dol. Malta, Sandwich Islands, seven, in readi. lars ; the expenditure, 92,533. The ex- ness for printing, in nine different lanpenses of the printing establishment at guages. The whole amount printed during Malta, are paid from a fund specially the past year is seven millions of pages; devoted to that object. The number of making the whole amount printed since copies of works circulated, gratuitously or the establishment, twenty-seven millions of by sale, during the last year, is very large. pages.
OBITUARY. ADMIRAL SIR C. PENROSE. The late Sir Charles Vinicombe Penrose,
K C. B. Vice-Admiral of the White, was Tothe Editorofthe Christian Observer. born at the Vicarage of St. Gluvins, in The following account of one who was a Cornwall, in June 1759. He was the constant reader and admirer of the Chris. youngest son of the Rev. John Penrose, tian Observer, and who occasionally con- who long performed the office of pastor tributed to its pages, is subinitted to the of that parish, in a manner which renders editor for insertion.
his memory still blessed there ; for he
was a man whose unwearied assiduity in • Among the communications with doing good, both within and without the which Admiral Penrose favoured us, were walls of his church, whose warm affection some useful suggestions and exhortations towards his family, good sense and playful respecting the popular circulation and cheerfulness, fully justify the eulogium on study of the Scriptures, both on shore him expressed so well by Hannah More, and at sea, for which he had long been in the epitaph engraved on his monument: a zealous advocate, both by his personal efforts and anonymously in print. But his chief communications with us were on to individuals, and most beneficial to sothe moral and religious state of the navy, ciety, if all discussions which involve difa subject in which he was decply interest. ference of opinion were conducted with ed; and on some points connected with the truly Christian courtesy and ingeni. which, where landsmen, we presumed, ousness which characterize the communimight venture to intrude, we came into a cation of the worthy and venerable writer. friendly collision with him in our volume We do not think that his reply affects the for 1825. We notice the circumstance substance of our argument; but, as it for the sake of copying the following may lead to useful elucidation, while it passage from our reply to his observations, does honour to the writer, we record it in because it contains a testimony to the our pages, with the addition of a few runChristian spirit in which he had received ning notes, leaving the general balance our remarks upon his 'pamphlet. Ir im- between the gallant Admiral and ourselves portant controversies were always thus to be adjusted by our readers. We must conducted,mand why should they not be not, however, fail to add our best thanks always thus conducted by Christians ? for the obliging manner in which he is how blessed, instead of galling and irri- pleased to speak of our labours, and for tating, would be their effect ?
the several documents with which he has “ We most readily insert the following favoured us, and which abundantly prove candid and conciliating remarks of Admiral how long and zealously the writer has ex. Sir C. Penrose, in reply to some passages erted himself for the promotion of educain our review of his pamphlet in our last' tion, Christian morals, and thecirculation of Number. Most honourable would it be the sacred Scriptures among our seamen." ; “ If social manners, if the gentlest mind, sooner struck his flag on the conclusion of If zeal for God, and love for human kind, peace in 1814, than he hoisted it again on If all the charities which life endear taking the naval command in the Media Can claim affection or demand a tear, terranean, where his clear head, sound Then, Penrose, o'er thy venerable urn sense, and suavity of manners rendered Domestic love may weep, and friendship him very fit for what was then the scene mourn.
of much delicate diplomacy. Both here The path of duty still untired he trod; and at Gibraltar, he gained the warmest He walked with safety, for he walked with tributes of gratitude from the mercantile God. .
service; and he received the order of St. When lost the power of precept and of Ferdinand from the king of Naples, and prayer,
those of the Bath and St. Michael and St. Yet still the flock remained the shepherd's George, from his own sovereign. care,
From the period of his return in 1819, Their wants still nobly watchful to supply, his life was spent in the bosom of his faHe taught the last best lesson-how to die." mily, and as he had before seemed fitted
Often while treading the slippery paths exactly to fill the sphere of active life, so of youth, and passing through the various he now appeared born to adorn a retired trials of the world, did the subject of this station, giving up the society in which he narrative reflect with comfort on the prayers was so calculated to shine, that he might offered up for him by his excellent parents. devote himself to affectionate attendance
His temperament was remarkably ardent on a beloved daughter, who, after lingerand lively. He early chose the life of a ing eighteen months in consumption, exsailor for his profession, and was educated pired in his arms, in that peace which for it at the Naval Academy at Portsmouth. passeth understanding; and to cheer and Every study connected with the service, support the declining years of his wife. became his pleasure, and he always con- And as he had in his public career guided tinued warmly attached to it; spending a his steps by the true principles of Chrisgreat part of his life in its active duties, tianity, so now more and more he bent and when on shore being never long with his way heavenward. He was the kind out giving the powers of his mind and his friend of all around him ; the peace. ready pen towards endeavours to improve maker in his neighbourhood ;- taking conits science, for the comfort and moral cha- stantly more interest, and a more active racter of the seamen. He was greatly part in the religions and benevolent socie. respected and loved in the service, and ties of the times; and employing his re. he always preserved among his most valued tired hours in studying the word of life, papers, two letters which he received from from which he always came with delight, the crew of the Cleopatra, when obliged, informing his family how its richness from ill health, to give up the command opened on him, and forming from it a nuof that ship, after bringing them in safety merous collection of lectures for the inthrough the dangers of the mutiny at the struction of his household. Thus was he, Nore, in the very midst of which they by the mercy of his heavenly Father, prewere placed They express their grati- pared for his sudden call from mortal life. tude for the “cautious authority” with In Sept. 1829 he lost an only brother, which he had acted towards them, and the Rev. John Penrose, Rector of Fledhope he will excuse the freedom of their bro' in Notts, from paralysis ;-one who, expressions, because " love will make free." in his family and pastoral duties and af
Most of his time was passed at sea till fections, followed the steps of his father; the peace of Amiens. When war again and who from bis youth had eminently broke out, his health was not restored exemplified that “pure and undefiled refrom the effects of a stroke of the sun ligion," which teaches “ to visit the fain the West Indies, but be accepted the therless and widows in their affliction, and command of the Sea Fencibles on the to keep himself unspotted from the world.” north coast of Cornwall, and this not be. He was arrested by the hand of death in ing incompatible with home leisure, he his office, as he rose in his accustomed took a piece of waste ground adjoining his place to commence the service of the residence at Ethy, in the same county, church ;-received the warning with reand made it his delight to bring it into signation to the Divine will, and closed a cultivation; at the same time forming, life of exemplary piely with the humble and, so far as his limited means extended, prayer, “ God be merciful to me, a sinexecuting plans for the improvement of ner, for Christ's sake!” the cottages of labourers.
While mourning this loss, the subject Having recovered his health, he was of this memoir, who, though old in years, appointed, in 1810, Commodore at Gib. appeared in the vigour of life, little anti. raltar, and on his return, in 1813, a Com. cipated the nearness of his own similar missioner of Naval Revision. While thus end. On the Christmas day of last year, employed, he was promoted to the list of he read an appropriate discourse to his Admirals, and immediately named as naval family assembled in the evening, and afcoadjutor with Lord Wellington on the terwards sang a suitable hymn or sacred coasts of Spain and France. He had no carol for the festivalOn the night of the
26th, he was seized by a stroke of palsy. a model of every thing that was manly Recovering from the fit, he was instantly and gentle, pious, benevolent, and hoaware of his situation, and how were the nourable." -The passage from the sermon hearts of bis alarmed family rejoiced in is as follows: the midst of their affliction, by hearing “ There are certain occasions and cerhim exclaim, “ I love God- I love Jesus tain seasons when conscience seems more - I am not afraid to die_This is a faith- peculiarly and solemnly to require her acful saying, and worthy of all acceptation, count to be examined and settled. At that Christ Jesus came into the world to the close of a year which is gone with its save sinners ;" which was the text he had memorial of all we have done, and all we read the day before. For two days his have omitted to do, with all our faults speech continued, nor was his intellect and all our sins, to heaven, conscience the least disturbed. His worldly affairs speaks to our hearts in a language that were all in order, and he spent his time will be heard. It warns, it arouses, it in affectionate expressions towards his fa. alarms our slumbering attentions, by mily and friends, -- exhortations to Chris- pointing to those spectacles of mortality tian peace wherever he thought they would which ought to shew us who and what be useful, and words of thankfulness and we are; in the midst of life, liable in a resignation towards his God and Saviour. moment to receive the summons of death, The general tenor of these may be infer. and to be called to our account when we red from the expressions just quoted. He may be least prepared for it. How unfell asleep--and early in the new year he expectedly has one of the shining lights of awoke, it is humbly, yet confidently trust. this county been, within a few days, exed, through the infinite mercies of his Re- tinguished! Extinguished, did I say? Let deemer, to a purer and better, and heavenly me rather say, removed by his beneficent existence. His remains were laidin St. Win. Creator to shine with a brighter and now churchyard, attended by a concourse steadier lustre in the kingdom of his of real mourners, who lamented at once the Father and his God. He, at least, seems public and the private loss. Amongst the systematically and effectually to have exmany tributes to his worth, which soothed ercised himself to have always a con. the feelings of his bereaved family, I ven. science void of offence towards God and ture to give the following extracts, one towards man.' His public and profesfrom the pastor of his parish, the other sional services, distinguished as he was from a neighbouring clergyman.
for his nautical skill and perseverance, “ The loss to me is irreparable. Yet, for his wisdom in council and his courage after thirty years past in strict friendship, on the deck, a minister of the Gospel may and the utmost harmony, what ought I to well leave to the records of his country, ask for more ? Who has had so great a which they will for ages adorn. To his blessing as I have had ? Putting friend. private virtues he may, however, be pership out of the question, what clergyman mitted to allude for our own edification has had such a neighbour and coadjutor and example. He was in his own family for so long a time in his parish? God be a model of affection, and of the tenderest praised and blessed for the past, and his and most delicate attentions to the atholy will be done!"- The other extract is tached and happy circle around him. In from the Secretary of a branch Society for his more general benevolence to his fellowpromoting Christian Knowledge. "The creatures, who more prompt, and zealous, pecuniary aid is the least part of the loss and active ? And in whom could the inflicted on us by the stroke which de- friends of freedom and humanity have prived us of your excellent and revered lost a more willing and powerful coadjutor? father. It was his support and coun. In his practical piety, who more steady, tenance, as a Christian not ashamed to and firm, and well principled ? In bis de manifest to his fellow-Christians and to votional piety, more serious, and rational, the world, his stedfastness in seeking and exemplary? His was the piety, not of better things than this world has to give, mere profession, but of a devout and holy that we valued the most.”
life, and in him the church has lost one On the Sunday after bis decease, an of its most zealous and disinterested supunexpected tribute to his memory formed porters. With a conscience thus void of the conclusion of the sermon of another offence towards God and towards man, clergyman of the neighbourhood on Acts he could meet death with a well-grounded xxiv. 16; and it is so true a character, that hope that the merits and atonement of the writer of this account, feeling how in his Saviour would effectually be pleaded adequately she has herself performed her in his behalf", and he could calmly fall wish to pourtray it, requested permission to insert it here--a permission thus kindly This being an extract, we are not at given. “ It is very gratifying to me to find liberty to alter it; but we could wish it that the unpremeditated effusion of my had been otherwise expressed; as it might own heart so readily found its way to the seem to intimate that the deceased, in hearts of those who best knew, admired, some degree, made his own goodness a And loved the object which even now foundation of hope of acceptance with continually presents itself to my mind as God, at least "grounded on the merits
asleep in the arms of everlasting mercy, shed its graces and its virtues, its purity to awaken, when the day-spring from on and holiness in his heart, and with that high shall have for ever dispelled the night Heavenly Father whom he endeavoured shades of the tomb, to the forgiveness zealously to serve and obey, by exercising and the happiness of a better world, and himself, through watchfulness and prayer, to a more intimate communion with the to have always a conscience void of ofSaviour in whoin he trusted; with the fence towards God and towards men." Sanctifier, whose Spirit seems to have
VIEW OF PUBLIC AFFAIRS.
FRANCE.— The expedition to Algiers has sailed, and the troops have already landed in Africa, a few miles from the scene of action.
GREECE. — The affairs of Greece are still unsettled. The Greeks are much displeased with the contraction of their boundaries by the allies ; and Prince Leopold has declined undertaking the proposed sovereignty, subject to the existing sources of dissatisfaction. · Domestic.-His most gracious Majesty has at length been released from his pro.
tracted sufferings, and entered that eternal world where human distinctions for ever cease, and where to have lived and died in the faith and hope of a humble follower of Jesus Christ, will be found the only true wisdom, and the blessed prelude to everlasting felicity. As the affecting event has taken place after this sheet was prepared for press (June 26), we can only, for the present, simply record it, without those observations which, both as Christian Observers and as faithful and loyal subjects, we should have wished to add
and atonement of his Saviour;" and even complete and connected series of descripthat he had actually obtained, what the tion, that he that runs may rend....... In Apostle could only say that he “ exercised the Old Testament, you will observe in himself to obtain," and what no human the practice of sacrifices that an atonement being has truly or meritoriously obtained, for sin was always deemed requisite ; and so as to make it a basis for his immortal it is wonderful to find that the same prachopes. The Admiral's own dying lan. tice prevails among the most ignorant and guage was very different : “ I love God; barbarous nations, however distant asunI love Jesus; I am not afraid to die." der; and with them it will continue till, And why?-not on the ground of personal at the appointed time, the great atonemerit: not because he had “a conscience ment made by the sacrifice of the death void of offence towards God and towards of Christ, will be known to all mankind." men;" but on a better, a solid, an immu. He concludes the pamphlet with some table foundation, as a penitent reposing stanzas of Dr. Watts's, among which are by faith in a crucified Saviour ; upon that the two following : « faithful saying, and worthy of all accep- “ Lord, make me understand thy law ; tation, that Christ Jesus came into the Shew what my faults have been; world to save sinners." His reverend And from thy Gospel let me draw friend will, we trust, thank us for thus Pardon for all my sin. guarding his words against any possible Here would I learn how Christ has died, misconception. In one of his tracts, writ To save my soul from hell; ten some years since, anonymous, but with Not all the books on earth beside his autograph as the author in our copy Such heavenly wonders tell.” his “ short address to the unlearned, on He expresses strongly throughout this the advantage of possessing the Holy Scrip- pamphlet, his high veneration for the tures, and the best use to be made of that Bible Society. By means, he remarks of possession, intended and hoped to be “that truly benevolent and charitable indrawn up in unity of design with the stitution, Great Britain has the honour wishes of the Bible Society,” he remarks, of being the fountain from which truth is “ I have heard that some men say, that made to flow over all lands, and if human they allow the historical truths of Holy pride would ever be proper, I know of Writ, without deducing from its contents no greater national cause for exultation that blessed faith in a Redeemer,and that deep than this. Never since the world was conviction of his high consequence, which created, has there emanated to all parts forms the Christian's dearest,and, in truth,only of it, such a common tie; a league wherehope. 'Tam at a loss to credit what seems in all interests are consulted and promotto me such a complete perversion of under- ed, and which indeed tends to perpetual standing; for, from the first promise made peace and amity; a peace which passes all to Adam, down to the latest prophecy understanding, and which time itself can relative to our Saviour, there is such a never sever."