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after the flesh, but after the spirit.”- Aim at one thing-sincerity.” “I have “ For I reckon that the sufferings of this endeavoured to live as I professed.” To present time are not worthy to be com- one who said to him, “Sir, for you to live pared with the glory which shall be re- is Christ, and to die is gain,” he answered vealed in us." - The Lord is merciful." in a strong voice, “ To die is gain : there _“I am brought to a state that nothing will be a great change, a great change.” His can give me comfort but what St. Paul joy was evident at the return of the Sab. saith : • This is a faithful saying, and bath. Early in the morning he said, “ The worthy of all acceptation, that Christ Sabbath is begun;" and at night, he made Jesus came into the world to save sin. various inquiries respecting his flock and ners.'” To one of his attendants he said, the services of the day. Even in delirium, “ Pray for repentance; Pray for pardon; his language was scriptural, though unconPray for grace; Pray for the Spirit; and nected. When speaking of his pain, he the more you pray, the more you will see said, “I can say with the Psalmist, All my the need of prayer.”_" We are poor, bones are out of joint;” but never did a weak, sinful creatures; ministers as well murmur escape his lips. The extremity as people.”—“O that sin had been more of pain was only indicated by a sigh, or hateful to me.”—“Cast them all, O Lord, a suppressed moan. When his eldest into the depth of the sea, let not one rise daughter came into the room, he said, up in judgment against me."-"I have “Now, my dear, you see the necessity of no hope but in the blood of Jesus.”-“I having God for your father: he never do not despair.”- When apparently suf- changes." He often prayed aloud ferfering intense pain in his head, he gently vently for his wife and children; and allaid his hands upon it, and said, “ Uncom- most the last words he uttered were, “the fortable, but the soul is all.” To another: salvation of her soul and that of her chil“ Do you long after these joys ? Glory! dren." He then gently sunk into the sleep Glory! Heaven !" Again : "Pray for the of death.-" Mark the perfect man, and Spirit; avoid two things in prayer and re- behold the upright, for the end of that man ligious duties-hypocrisy and formality. is peace.”

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VIEW OF PUBLIC AFFAIRS.

TAE proceedings in parliament have been of Lancashire might not be rescued from bighly interesting and important. We shall much misery, if its looms were employed, notice a few of the subjects of discussion. and its glutted warehouses lightened, to

The state of the country, with reference procure cheap sugar and other colonial to the distress which exists in so many articles in return for its cottons, instead of quarters, has caused long and earnest de procuring the same articles at an exorbi. bates in both houses ; and great efforts tant price for gold, to enable the Westhave been made to procure committees, to India interest to revel in luxury and take the whole subject into consideration. perpetuate slavery; whether even the Government have opposed this proposin farmer and the agricultural labourer tion, and parliament have supported ihem might not also be benefited by the same by large majorities; in the house of com- measures that benefited the great majomons, after four nights' debate, by 255 to rity of their countrymen ; some advantage 87. We are inclined to think that, how- might have resulted from the inquiry. But ever unpopular this decision of the govern- little of this kind was meant by the ment and legislature, it is, on the whole, proposed investigation : the real object, judicious; unless, which was not to be ex- divesting it of its technicalities about curpected, those fetters which really repress rency, and manufactures, and innumerable the productive industry of the country other points, which could not have been had been proposed to be taken off. If it adequately grasped by any committee, or bad been intended by the proposers of in one or more sessions of parliament ; the inquiry, seriously to examine whether the real object, besides a censure on the the manufacturer might not have new measures of government as being too marts opened for his goods; whether “liberal," the real, nay the avowed, object starving workmen might not procure was to ascertain whether the farmer might cheaper bread; whether numerous un not be made to pay higher rents, and the productive hands might not be easily em- public to eat dearer bread, to wear dearer ployed; whether the industrious mechanic clothes, and be deprived of the innumeor labourer might not get better wages, or, rable benefits they enjoy under the safewhat is the same thing, cheaper produce; guard of a solid currency, and a system of if his condition were not, unknown to wise and enlarged international communihimself, deteriorated, and his industry cation. To say nothing then of the imground down by the operation of the poor possibility of a committee coming to any laws; whether the enormous population practical result on the interminable quesCHRIST. OBSERV. No. 339.

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tion's involved in the proposed inquiry, can so often proposed for the benefit of Irewe wonder that government and parlia- land, a modified system of poor laws ment have declined agitating the country would be highly detrimental to the inwith the hopes and fears which the ap- terests of all classes, and most of the poor pointment of such committees would have themselves. Ministers have also yielded occasioned? The duke of Richmond, who to the motion for an account of the disproposed the inquiry in the house of lords, pensations in Ireland for clergymen to hold has avowed that he wishes to get higher more than one living. No real evil, that rents and to sell his wool dearer: whereas we can see, and some good, may arise all other classes of persons wish just the from the publicity given to the actual state contrary; the tradesman wishes for a cheap of the ecclesiastical establishment both in coat; the poor woman for a cheap blan- England and Ireland ; but we perceive a ket; the manufacturer for unrestricted spirit at work hostile to its very existence, wool, without which he cannot make and and ready to make every inquiry, however sell his goods either at home or abroad; reasonable, a pretext for attacking not its and the farmer for a low rent, even accom- abuses but its best services. The only panied with a correspondingly diminished effectual counteraction both to this underprofit. Parliament and government have plotting, and to open hostility, is internal declined interfering between the parties, improvement. Mere acts of parliament leaving each to adjust its own arrange- will not avail much or avail long; but ments to the actual state of things. For what shall counteract the unbought sufourselves we should not have regretted frages of an affectionate and grateful peothe appointment of a fairly balanced in- ple, attached to the church as its best telligent committee ; for whatever might friend, the teacher of infancy, the guide be the object of the proposers, discussion of youth, the support of the wretched, ultimately elicits truth : besides which it the consoler of the dying, the friend of would be soothing to those who are suf- all? We do most firmly and conscienfering under the pressure of the times, to tiously believe that our church in both know that their distresses have excited com- islands is every year becoming practically, miseration and inquiry, though no prompt as well as in name, entitled to a larger effectual remedy should be discovered to measure of this praise; that a revival of relieve them. With regard to the cur- pure and undefiled religion has taken place rency question, it cannot be denied that among its clergy, unequalled since the era partial inconvenience has blended with the of the Reformation ; that their doctrines immense benefits which have arisen from are increasingly more Scriptural and their the return from visionary paper to solid ' lives more devoted to the duties of their money; for though variable prices have high office : and here is our sheet anchor, adjusted themselves to the new standard, amidst all the hostility of an irreligious yet fixed payments have become heavier, press, the apathy of a large portion of and fixed receipts more valuable, one party its professed members, and the secret or losing what the other gains; and it cer- avowed opposition of too many of our tainly so happens that the landed interest, most popular statesmen. what with taxes, mortgages, and settle Mr. Greene has brought in a bill for the ments are verygenerally on the losing side. composition of tithes. Its object is to But to return to a debased standard would allow of commissioners being appointed be fraught with far greater evils than it is by a bishop to value tithes, at the instance meant to avert. The arrangements under of the parties concerned, without the nethe old bank-note system are wearing out, cessity of a private act of parliament for many have already worn out; the arrange the purpose. As the commutation is proments under the new coin are numerous posed to be only for twenty-one years, and and prospective; and would the landlord is not compulsory, but only where the who has let his estates, or the clergyman parties concerned wish for it, we should who has compounded for his tithes, within hope the measure would be beneficial. It the last few years, be satisfied to be paid is not a slight blessing to a clergyman to in a fraudulent coin, for the sake of vir be exempted from strife and care about tually paying a trifle less in taxes to the tithes, to have his stipend paid regularly public annuitant, who probably himself and in one sum at quarter day, and for his purchased his stock under the new parish and himself to live in harmony so currency, and is only on a par with his as to allow of the fullest effect from his neighbour. We feel quite assured that pastoral labours. nothing but pure selfishness, and not an Government have proposed a variety of enlightened view of the public welfare, improvements in the criminal code, and can induce any intelligent man to wish the administration of the courts of law. again to tamper with the currency. Among other points it is intended to re

A committee has been appointed to strict arrest for debt to the sum of 1001. inquire into several particulars respecting and to abolish the penalty of death, in Ireland, with reference chiefly to the con- many cases of forgery. We think it might dition of the poor. This inquiry is spe- be safely, and ought to be, abolished in all. cific, and will, we trust, be productive of Among the questions which have not benefit. It will be so, if only it proves, been discussed, is that opprobrium of the as we doubt not it will, that the measure country-slavery. We earnestly hope the discussion will not be much longer post. nected with excise imposts. The four poned. The subject is most pressing : per centos are to be reduced to three and next to nothing has been done in seven a half, certain for ten years; or if the long arduous years; in one respect, worse party prefers it, he may have 701. of five per than nothing; for not only does the poor cent. stock for his 100 of four, certain for slave remain a slave still, but emancipa forty-three years. The interest for ten tion, the only adequate remedy, has been years is in both cases the same; the chance gradually frittered away into partial driblets of reduction after that period being made of improvement. The friends of these equivalent to the above sacrifice of caunhappy outcasts are, however, fully alive pital. to the enormity of the evil, as our readers Mr. R. Grant is bringing forward a bill will perceive by turning to the Anti-slavery for relieving the Jews from civil disabiliReporter appended to our present Num ties; and lord Bexley has advocated it in ber: they are using their best exertions ; the house of lords. The measure, we it is for the public to strengthen their ef think, would be right on its own grounds; forts, by their zeal, their pecuniary as but it is only an act of justice after the sistance, and their prayers to Him who is relief given to other classes of persons, the Friend of the friendless, and the aven especially as the abolition of the test and ger of the oppressed.

corporation acts, and with them the annual We can touch upon but one subject indemnity, has placed the Jews in a posimore, the exposition of the public finances tion worse than formerly. for the year. The taxes upon beer, cider, and leather are to be remitted, the first FRANCE.— The chambers opened this amounting to three millions, the second month. The king informs them of the to 350,0001. ; and the third, 25,0001. extinction of the war in the East, the Slight taxes are to be imposed upon ardent choice of a suitable prince for Greece, his spirits, amounting to 330,0001., and stamps efforts in concert with his allies to recon110,0001. The taxes remitted pressed cile Don Pedro and his brother; and the heavily on the poorer classes and the agri. suspension of the alleged intended attack culturalist. The trade in beer is to be upon Algiers. The chamber of deputies thrown open; which many excellent per- voted in reply so refractory an address, in sons think a perilous measure, and likely consequence of their hostility to the preto increase the number of public houses, sent ministers, that the king has prorogued and the frequency of resort to them: but them till September. He declares his inwe rather trust that the effect will be the tention to support his ministers to be uncontrary; the wife will buy her husband's changeable. Whatever may be the probeer at the village shop, as she does any jects of the present ministry they have as other commodity; and the improved qua- yet done nothing that could fairly lay them lity and greater cheapness of the article, open to the censure of the legislature; with the additional tax on spirits, will cause and it would, therefore, perhaps have been a more wholsome beverage to be substi- a wiser and more temperate course for the tuted for liquid poison. The abandon- chamber to have waited till it was seen ment of the above duties being total, will what were their plans, before so decided a save the expense of collecting, and set measure was taken as that of voting a hosaside the burdensome restrictions con- tile reply to the speech.

ANSWERS TO CORRESPONDENTS. SPES; J. H. ; A FRIEND TO MISSIONS; A CONSTANT READER ; O. M.; C.; 2.; S. N.;

D. M. P.; EDINENSIS G.; J. S.; H. S. C. H.; J. H. R. B.; THEOGNIS; A DisCIPLE OF THE OLD SCHOOL; and AMERICANOS; are under consideration. Our correspondents propose a variety of names for the intended building for the cha

ritable societies; some of which are not appropriate, and others have an air of affectation. Why not adopt a short English name, such as Society Hall ; or rather we should recommend the specific designation of Wilberforce Hall, as a memorial of one of the earliest and warmest friends of all our religious and charitable societies, and whose name will be also a memorial to posterity of the truly Catholic and

Christian objects to which the intended edifice is to be devoted. We fear that were we to animadvert ever so convincingly upon the disorderly scenes

which THEOGNis mentions, whether in Wales or America, we should not effect his object, as Ranters and Jumpers are not likely to read our pages. We, however, quite agree with him that dancing, screaming, and tearing caps and shawls, are no signs of " a revival of religion ;" but it should be remembered that no respectable

minister of any authenticated denomination encourages these excesses. Mr. Latrobe's statement respecting the Moravian Misssions, in reply to Z. in our

January Number, shall appear. The paper on Baptism in our last Number, on which H.G. animadverts, was inserted

in justice to a writer who complained that his communion had been misrepresented in our pages. Our insertion of a paper is never intended as a pledge that we concur in the opinions of the writer. We are willing to open our pages for tem

perate and useful discussion on important topics, which would be utterly precluded if we never admitted any paper that did not favour our own views. The discrepancy which W. G. points out, is not our's, but Paley's. That author at

one time strongly maintained that such expressions as being converted, born of the Spirit, and being made new creatures, have no application to persons under the present circumstances of Christianity; "they mean nothing,-nothing that is to us.” It was this statement which we animadverted upon in our Review of the Bishop of Chester's Charge. Paley, however, altered his sentiments much for the better before his death ; for we find him, in one of his posthumous sermons, saying; “ The persons in our congregations to whom we must preach conversion plainly and directly are those who with the name of Christians have passed their lives without any internal religion. ... These persons are really in as unconverted a state as any Jew or Gentile could be in our Saviour's time. No person in the situation above described can be saved without undergoing conversion.” This was the statement we wished to enforce; the statement, also, we conceive, of the Right Reverend Prelate whose Charge we were reviewing; and if any of our clergy still adhere to Paley's earlier dictum, we beg leave to refer them to Paley better informed.

SUPPLEMENT TO RELIGIOUS INTELLIGENCE.

BRITISH AND FOREIGN BIBLE SOCIETY. Let infidels rail at the Bible Society, let some among ourselves, South of the Tweed, look at it with coldness, and some others on the North assail it in a spirit which has lost none of its vehemence by the lack of new matter to work upon, still it has been incomparably the most important and successful instrument ever devised for diffusing throughout the world the kpowledge of God's holy word. Whether we look at home, and from one of the lofty altitudes of our island, as we survey the unnumbered village spires around us, reflect that in the cottages and schools, and pauper pews of the remotest of those little hamlets, are to be found Bibles with its impress; or whether we stand on our sea-girt shores and remember that the returning wave that beats upon them is richly freighted with this treasure of life for the welfare of foreign and distant lands, so that wherever the British name is known, the Bibles of this instilution are known and valued also; we admire, we love, we cherish this agent of mercy to mankind. Its operations, both British and Foreign, were beyond measure needed, and with gratitude and affection have they been received. Our readers will see proofs of both these facts in the appended paper. We especially refer them to two brief communications from Greece, as peculiarly interesting at this moment.

ANTI-SLAVERY SOCIETY. Every man who values the honour of his country, or the welfare of his fellow-creatures, will mourn over the afflicting picture of blighted hopes presented in this Report, to which we have already alluded in our View of Public Affairs. It is not, however, a subject for despair, but for renewed, increased, and persevering exertion. Government, nay, parliament itself, are bound round with the withs of bondage to the powerful West-india interest : it is for their countrymen, who are under no such shackles, to burst them as a thread of tow, which they may do the moment they heartily and unanimously set about it.

HIBERNIAN SOCIETY. We regret to learn that this excellent institution is now in debt to its Treasurer no less than eight hundred and seventy pounds. The appended statement will shew how well it deserves the zealous efforts of the friends of scriptural education in Ireland to relieve it from its embarrassments, and to enable it to extend its important operations.

REFORMATION SOCIETY. The Reformation Society's interesting Quarterly Extracts annexed to our last Number were not in time to be noticed in the body of the work: we have therefore given the heading in our present Number, that they may not be overlooked either by the reader or in binding up the appended papers. Ever since the revival of the obnoxious order of the Jesuits, and connected in no small measure with that revival, and with the political arrangements on the continent at the peace, the Church of Rome has been increasing its efforts to make converts from Protestantism ; and not the least of its artifices has been to file down some of its asperities, so as to make it look more smooth to a Protestant eye. Accounts have been sent us of sermons preached in đifferent parts of the kingdom, most unscriptural in doctrine, yet so guardedly arranged to the taste of nominal Protestantism, that many nominal Protestants could not discern the difference. Let spiritually.minded Protestants be aware of this; and not consent to meet Popery half-way, assured that if they do, all the concession will be really on their own side.

ERRATA.- Page 131, col. 1, line 18, for Jer. read Lev.; and line 7 from bottom, for

ages read eyes. Page 138, col. 2, line 22 from bottom, after terminated read at.

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For the Christian Observer. the illustrious subject of them is be

yond the reach of human applause RELIGIOUS CHARACTER OF THE

or censure, to be given to the world; LATE EMPEROR ALEXANDER. and we shall be most happy to re

ceive a copy of them for publicaTHE thermometer of public opi- tion.

1 nion in this country has ranged Without embarrassing ourselves, so variously respecting the religious for the present, with a discussion character and objects of the late of the causes of the Emperor's subEmperor Alexander of Russia, that sequent conduct in the matter of our readers will not be uninterested the Bible Society, which, with the in some remarkable details which perversion of the objects of the have been lately communicated to holy alliance, and some other cirthe world on this subject, by M. cumstances, threw a shade around Empeytaz of Geneva, and which his later days-a shade which a afford authentic materials to the full knowledge of all the particulars, biographer and historian in discuss we think, would tend greatly to dising the conduct and policy of one perse—we cannot for a moment who acted so distinguished a part doubt of his sincerity and devout in the recent remarkable events of feeling, in those measures which Europe. Other materials also are had previously gained for him the in existence, which we trust will be approbation of every religious mind. rescued from that oblivion in which To recapitulate all the details, would every subject connected with reli. carry us beyond our present object; gion is too apt to fall, if left to the we will only refresh the memory of apathy of secular memorialists. We our readers with a few particulars.* might mention, in particular, the We may refer, in the first place, confidential interviews of the Em- to his imperial ukase issued from the peror with some of our own coun- head quarters of the army at Carlstrymen engaged in religious and rhue Dec. 6, 1813, enjoining a sobenevolent objects; among others, lemn public thanksgiving to God, the Rev. Lewis Way, who a few “on bended knees, and with tears years since greatly gladdened the of the warmest gratitude," “ who hearts of all who were anxious for bath drawn us out of the great deep, the promotion of the Gospel of and placed us on the pinnacle of Christ, by the allusions which he glory.” This remarkable document, made to the subject at some of which is said to have been penned the public meetings. The minutes by the Emperor himself, disclaims of those interviews ought, now that all participation in this “ glory;"

Christ. Observ. No. 340. 2 D

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