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Ireland. The following pastoral letter, funds, have been obliged to dissolve the written in a vein of primitive simplicity female seminary, have sent over an earnest and piety, has been lately addressed by address to their fellow-Christians for spethe Archbishop of Tuam to the clergy of cial assistance on the occasion. “ Dear his dioceses.

Christian friends," say they, “ you have “My dear sir,- It is my intention, with heard of the grace of God manifested in the Lord's blessing, to establish a Home this district, by which thousands of our Mission throughout my dioceses of Tuam fellow-men have turned from dumb idols and Ardagh. Under this plan, my pur- to serve the living God, and to inherit pose is to send some one or more of my eternal life by our Lord Jesus Christ. clergy, whom I may think proper to select There are in one hundred and forty vil. out of either of these two dioceses, into lages, 1250 families, consisting of 4305 such parish or union, or district within the souls, who bow no longer to stones and same, where it may appear to me spiritual wood, but learn to worship Jehovah in benefit may be administered by the means spirit and in truth. There is every proof preaching the word of life to the poor spect that many more will do likewise. Roman Catholic multitude surrounding, Christian places of worship are rising in either in the parish church, or some more every direction, and the desert begins convenient place, on such days and at to blossom. Now, in the midst of all such hours as the officiating minister, and these pleasing labours and joyful proothers of the neighbouring clergy, may spects, we receive the unexpected intelliadvise; at whose hands it will be expected, gence, that the funds of the society have that both the times of preaching, and the greatly diminished; and we are called places shall be arranged, and due notice opon to make large reductions of the exthereof given to the people, so that the penditure of this mission. Trusting in preacher shall have nothing whatever to the gracious care of our Heavenly Master, do but to preach at such times and places we were indeed not materially perplexed as may have been so arranged by the by this intelligence. We feel assured that aforesaid appointed persons. I feel no his work will go on. We think it, howdoubt of your approval of this arrange- ever, our duty to appeal to you. Accordment, and of your active co-operation with ing to present appearances, not only will me in rendering it effective, by taking the work already in progress suffer, but such part as I may assign to you from also the increase of the work will be time to time in its progress. The Lord's checked. We must give up a number of grace be with you. Amen."

schools; we must dissolve our female seWe congratulate every friend to reli. minary-we must be sparing in visiting gion in Ireland on these auspicious mea our numerous congregations. When new sures. The Church of Rome has ever applications for Christian teachers are had her missionary priests ; and the made, by persons who desire to be deli. Church of England, after the Reformation, vered from the iron chain of idolatry, we adopted a similar plan. We are glad to must tell them that we cannot send them find it revived in Ireland ; and we heartily —and when they crave for assistance to wish it were followed up in some parts build places of Christian worship and of England wbere it is scarcely less need schools, we must refuse them. ed. How many thousands of poor mise “Now, will you really hare us to do so ? rable beings, sunk in vice and ignorance, We can scarcely believe it. Had you are perishing in the courts and alleys of been this day with us in the town of our vast metropolis itself, for want of such Tinnevelly, and seen in the midst of that a home mission among us!

idolatrous city a small temple of Jehovah's

facing a temple of Satan; had you seen INFANT SCHOOLS IN THE UNIT. the house of God filled with the worshipED STATES.

pers of Jehovah, and twelve men of them The controllers of the public schools of baptized into the death of Jesus ; had you Philadelphia have resolved that it is ex- seen crowds of heathens at the doors and pedient to establish schools for the instruc windows listen attentively to the word of tion of children under five years of age, in salvation, encouraging every hope that connexion with the existing public schools. they also sooner or later will submit to This is the most important measure, in the doctrine of the Cross for salvation; favour of Infant Schools, which has taken your heart would have rejoiced, and you place in the United States. Detached in. would have determined, The mission shall stitutions of the kind are to be found in not suffer by our want of exertion. nearly all the principal towns; but this is “The reduction made in this mission a project to make the system general, and amounts to 2161. per year. Every hope to incorporate it as a part of common school of supplying new demands is taken away. education.

The new church in Tinnevelly is already

too small for the new congregation : anoTINNEVELLY MISSION.

ther church will soon be required. In The Church Missionary Society's mis. other villages new people ask for teachers, sionaries at Tinnevelly, who in conse- and for assistance in building places of quence of the defalcation in the society's worship."

We trust that such an appeal as this their church warden, at whose house we will not remain unanswered, whether by rested. The present I brought with me special contributions to this object, or by was received with heartfelt gratitude. increased subscriptions to the funds of the Being Sunday, all the people in this part Church Missionary Society, to enable its of the village looked clean and comfortconductors to avail themselves of the able, and we felt quite at home ainong multiplied opportunities of usefulness them. which are opening before them.

"At half-past eight we went to the

pastor, who, with his wife, received us BOHEMIAN PROTESTANTS. with respect and sincere affection, and from the Countess Von Reden, of Buch- From far and near communicants came wald, Silesia, acknowledging the receipt in and begged him to write down their of a small sum of money, collected in con- names, and to be permitted to be guests sequence of the interesting appeal in be- at the table of the Lord. We now went half of a congregation of Bohemian Pro- to the church. The building is small, but testants. (See our last vol. p. 185.) kept quite clean, light, and seems valued

“ You have given to me, and our poor as a jewel. I was deeply affected at bepious people at Hermansseiffen, inexpres holding the congregation filling every part sible pleasure, and excited their loud of it; the greatest silence and attention thanksgivings to God, by your last letter, prevailed ; their eyes were fixed upon enclosing a second donation of 301. ster- their minister, and their hearts seemed to ling, for their assistance. I determined to receive every word with eagerness. His cross the mountains myself, and to con. preparatory address before the commuvey it to their own hands. This little nion was most impressive, and the cele. pilgrimage into Bohemia belongs to one bration of the sacrament remarkably soof the most pleasant recollections of my lemn. We left the church at half-past life. I sent my carriage before me into eleven, filled with gratitude for this work Bohemia empty, and made use of chairs, of God, and could not resist the pressing to convey me and my friend across the invitation of the dear pastor to share with steep mountains. I then passed through him his humble meal. He is satisfied a country unknown to me, but of a beau- with a very scanty provision, is wholly tiful character, and reached Johannisbad devoted to his calling, and enjoys the at night. Early next morning, a depu- general esteem and confidence of his contation from the small Protestant congre- gregation. gation of Hermansseiffen came to meet « The liberal contribution you have us, and served as guides and as helpers in sent for these poor Protestants was faith need; for in my life I never drove through fully delivered to the minister and elders, such steep and rugged roads. Having who gave me a regular receipt. It was reached the highest point of the Blue announced to the congregation from the Mountain, we feasted our eyes on the pulpit, as the gift of British benefactors, beautiful prospect before us, 'illuminated who are never weary in well-doing; and by the rays of the morning sun; being a is to be appropriated for the benefit of valley of immense extent, covered with the schools. The former collections paid villages, which lie between the towns of for the chapel, but nothing is left to inTrautenau, Arnau, Hohenelbe, &c. Night crease the inadequate salary of the poor fogs were skimming along the plain, but minister. I hope thus, iny dear friend, to the chapel and the modest dwelling of have fulfilled the commission with which the minister at Hermansseiffen appeared I was entrusted, to your satisfaction, and like a bright spot in the wilderness, lying once more present to you and your at our feet. We now left the carriage, English friends the most cordial thanks of and walked about two miles to the end the congregation at Hermansseiffen.” of our journey, like missionaries. The walk was rendered extremely pleasant by CHRISTIANITY IN CEYLON. the conversation of our guides, who gave The following is an extract from a letter us an account of the origin, persecutions, from Sir Richard Otley, Chief Justice of and the present formation of their con- Ceylon, to the Principal of the American gregation.

seminary in that island :« Our first visit was to the eminence “As I may not be able to visit your on which the romantic dwelling of the station again previously to my departure ininister is situated, and we entered the from Ceylon, I take the present opportusimple rustic chapel, called the Prayer- nity of addressing you on several points Hall, with peculiar emotion. Besides on connected with the system on which you Sundays, three times in the week meet- are proceeding, and which I witnessed in ings are held as in the Brethren's congre- full operation on the day of your last angations. Our entrance into the village nual examination. On that occasion I was.truly joyful; all the Protestant inha- felt real satisfaction at the progress of the bitants stood before their houses, bid us boys in mathematics and in natural philowelcome, and, coming towards us, gave sophy. The value of these sciences may us their hands, and accompanied us to not be immediately apparent to those who are not aware of the intimate connexion Lord has blessed their endeavours. This between the superstitions of the heathens is a marvellous display of Divine power, of India, and their absurd notions and for the means. The cluster of inquirers, gratuitous hypotheses in natural philo- that are wont to surround me after preachsophy. Still the first duty of all engaged ing, this day applied for advice. They in the education of the natives, is, to said, they thought persecution was about teach them the value, and to prove to to be raised, their chiefs talked of prothem the truth of revelation which we scribing those that pretended to preach. profess to believe. All other objects On examining into the matter, I found ought to be rendered subservient to this, that these preachers, or exhorters, had and be estimated chiefly in proportion to lately begun, as they themselves expressed their tendency to promote it. In this re- it, to take in dreams for experience." spect, instruction in mathematical science And the chiefs, it seems, thought that and sound philosophy holds a high and this was foolish, and that they might be important place in the minds of those who better employed. Being yet a stranger conduct the education of the people in among them, and ignorant of the degree Ceylon.

of influence 1 had gained, I waved the • The next point to which my attention point of advising in this manner, but imhas been directed is, the education of the mediately commenced a short discourse females ; and your plans and exertions for from these words :- He that hath a dream, the purpose of enlightening their minds, let him tell a dream ; and he that hath my and elevating the moral standard amongst word, led him speak my word faithfully, them, have met my unqualified approba- saith the Lord.' Their countenances tion, and shall receive my hearty co-ope settled into a smile of approbation, mingration."

led with regret at their mistake ; for no

people have I found more ready to reCREEK INDIANS. . ceive the word when made known, let it - A missionary in the Arkansas country apply where it will. They saw their writes :

error, and engaged in future to leave A“ There cản be no doubt but that the dreams out of their system, and take in Spirit of the Lord is operating on the for experience love and good will, faith hearts of many among the Creeks of the and good works. With all their ignoranee, Arkansas. They have had none to teach there are some of the excellent of the them since their arrival in this country, earth among these people. Some of them till lately, but some very ignorant Blacks, have attended our communion, and we who have no education ; yet they have received them as the beloved in Christ held meetings on the Sabbath, and the Jesus our Lord.”

OBITUARY.

THE REV. EDWARD MANSFIELD. James Mansfield, knt. Lord Chief Justice

of the Court of Common Pleas. He was To the Editor of the Christian Observer. born in London, in 1779; was educated

at Westminster School; and in 1799 beThe retired life of the most exemplary came-a resident member of St. Peter's Colcountry clergyman selvlom furnishes many lege, Cambridge. He had been previously incidents of sufficient general interest for placed for some time under the tuition of the pen of a biographer ; but still private the late Rey. John Owen, at Fulham, and Christians are commanded to respect the was much impressed by Mr. Owen's sermemory, and to follow the examples of mons and instructions, and began about those who have been their spiritual guides. that time to think seriously upon the great On this account, their examples and in- subject of religion. He took the degrees structions should be preserved and re- of A.B. and M.A. at the regular times; membered. When viewed in this light, and was elected a Fellow of his College. they become precious relics not for su. In 1806 he was presented to the living perstitious veneration, but for pious imita-' of Bisley, Gloucestershire, by the Lord tion and instruction. From these consi. Chancellor Eldon, between whom and derations, I have collected the following his father a long and intimate friendship particulars respecting the late Rev. Ed. had existed. He had taken holy orders ward Mansfield, a truly faithful servant of before, but it does not appear that he ever his Divine Master. As the period of his served any regular curacy. In 1808 he death, as long back as 1826, may be be- went to reside at Bisley; and in 1814 yond the usual range of your Obituaries, I married Hester, the only child of Joseph send only a brief notice; but a fuller ac- Grazebrook, Esq. of Far Hill, near Stroud. count will be drawn up for private circu. This lady still survives, with eight children, lation among his immediate friends. to cherish the most affectionate remem

The Rev. Edward Mansfield was the brance of his many excellencies. Their second son of the late Right Hon. Sir union was eminently happy.

The writer regrets that he does not pos. regard for Mr. Mansfield; and “esteemed sess a knowledge of the particulars which him a most conscientious and exemplary would illustrate the progress of Mr.Mans. minister." field's religious principles, and the gradual F or twenty years Mr. Mansfield perseformation of his character during his resi. vered in these and all other means, which dence at the University; but it is known he believed were, under the Divine blessthat he read much divinity, and that Scott, ing, calculated to promote the spiritual Milner, and Robinson, were his favourite good of his parishioners; nor were his authors. His views seem to have acquired labours in vain. The church was genematurity when he came to reside at Bisley, rally well attended, particularly on the since he entered upon the arduous duties Sunday afternoon, The number of comof the spiritual cure of that parish well municants gradually increased. Many apinstructed in the duties of his office, and peared to be deeply impressed with the under a deep sense of its responsibility, Divine truths which they heard, and to act This he always retained; and was often under their influence in their lives. beard to declare, that, if he had viewed Mr. Mansfield's abilities were sound and the office in the same light before his ordi solid, rather than brilliant. His judgment nation which he did afterwards, he would was accurate; he was an attentive observer never have chosen it for himself. . of public affairs, and ever felt a lively in.

The parish of Bisley does not possess terest in the honour of his king and she many recommendations as a place of resi- good of his country. His piety was ferdence, to one who had been accustomed vent and elevated, yet chastised and sober. to the society of London and the Univer. Those who intimately knew him, found in sity of Cambridge. At that time, in par. him a man in whom firmness and consistticular, it was much secluded from inter ency were conspicuous : who was very re-, course with persons in the higher ranks of markably raised above all selfish and worldly. life. It is very extensive; the population considerations; and who habitually stu, six thousand : and it is perhaps one of the died to do that which he believed to be poorest parishes in the kingdom. In this right in ihe sight of God. His sentiments situation every thing must have appeared as a divine were orthodox, spiritual, and strange to Mr. Mansfield; but he had well practical. In his public discourses, he considered the sacred relation in which he dwelt much upon the fall of man from stood to the parish. This consideration, original righteousness, through the disobe. seems to have formed the prevailing feels dience of the first Adam: and of his reing of his mind, and he steadily acted covery from this state, through the obe. under its influence. He walked in the dience unto death of the Second Adam., path of duty; and, through the Divine But he was far from treating these doc. blessing, he prospered in the great ends trines as abstract truths, without continual which he proposed to himself. His piety, practical reference to the state of the heart humility, and zeal, as well as his worldly and the conduct of the life. He treated circumstances, well qualified him for the them as forming the life and soul of all true situation. He soon established his pas. religion, and all sound morality, When he toral government in the affections of his insisted on the fallen state of man by parishioners, which is the most desirable nature, his design was, that his hearers foundation of all spiritual authority. He might be convinced of the necessity of realso becanie very strongly attached to the demption, and the renovation of the soul people and the place; and he was often in righteousness. When he unfolded the heard to declare, that he would not ex atonement of our blessed Saviour, bis end change it for any other preferment. was to bring his hearers to seek the favour

Mr. Mansfield had always two full ser. of God through that atonement. When vices on the Sunday, besides very heavy he explained the Divine promises concerns occasional duties. He was most active in ing the influences of the Holy Spirit, his establishing Sunday schools for the Chris design was to lead his hearers to seek to tian education of the poor ; but he was be made holy through those influences. not an advocate for gratuitous education No one more fully disclaimed the merit of beyond that which is religious and moral. all human endeavours, and yet insisted He regularly visited the aged and the more upon the absolute necessity of good. afflicted ; and spared no pains in making works; and that not only as evidences himself acquainted with the religious state and fruits of true Christian faith, but also of the parish. He supplied the poor in obedience to the authority of God, and with Bibles, prayer-books, and other good as necessary to make man fit for the heabooks, either as gifts from himself, or at venly glory. He understood the Articles very reduced prices. He had a weekly- of our Church in their plain, literal, and service at the work-house, and also every grammatical sense; and his public disThursday and Sunday evenings; first courses resembled the deep piety, and yet in his own kitchen, and afterwards at wise moderation, for which they are so the school-room. He laid his plans remarkable. He considered the pious and before his diocesan, the present Bishop moderate Calvinist and the orthodox and of Hereford, wbo does not appear to pious Arminian as equally entitled to his bave objected to them. Indeed this ve- Christian regard ; nor could the most disnerable prelate ever entertained' a high cerning observe that his brotherly love

was influenced by difference of opinion address was open and unaffected ; his cou. upon these controverted points. His sen- versation pleasant, frequently animated, timents and conduct on this head, deserve and almost always as the Apostle enjoins, the imitation of his clerical brethren. “ with grace, seasoned with salt.” · Mr. Mansfield took particular delight in In 1810 he was appointed by Bishop the duties of the Lord's day. He gene- Huntingford to preach the visitation serrally chose the subjects of his sermons, mon at Stroud. In the same year he and wrote part of them, on the preceding preached the two assize sermons at GlouMonday. He rose earlier, and retired cester. In 1811 he was one of the select later to rest on that sacred day, than on preachers before the University of Cam. any other; and he was much pained with bridge ; and the writer of these remarks any conversation which had no reference well remembers the impressive manner with to religion. He might be truly said to which he delivered four discourses before keep the Sabbath holy, and that it was a that learned body; and the crowded and at. delight to him.

tentive congregations which were present. · As a public instructor, his manner was Mr. Mansfield ever took the deepest commanding and impressive ; and what interest in the advancement of religion, he said produced the greater effect because both at home and in foreign countries; he was known to feel and live under the and he particularly rejoiced in the success influence of what he taught.

of every institution which had for its ob. * Mr. Mansfield truly possessed the grace ject this divine cause. It was found after of humility. This humility appeared in his death that he had been a subscriber to all his conduct, which never betrayed af- thirty religious and charitable institutions. fectation, vanity, or ostentation. He was Mr. Mansfield continued to do the equally remarkable for charity. It would whole duty of Bisley until the summer be difficult to find a person, in the same of 1819, when he was prevailed upon by worldly circumstances, who spent so little his father to keep a curate. He was happy upon himself, and so much upon the poor in procuring the assistance of two gentleand the needy. He was also eminently men in succession, the Rev J. Gathorne distinguished for sincerity and integrity of and the Rev. Arthur Roberts, whose senheart; and was peculiarly free from every timents and habits were quite in unison species of guile.' When he was presented with his own. Both these gentlemen to the living of Bisley, he gave an instance confirm the character which has been of the liberality and disinterestedness given of Mr. Mansfield. which marked every action of his after I n the state of mind, and the labours life. His father had the living valued ; but of love, which have been described, Mr. he consented to receive a very reduced Mansfield continued for twenty years the sum; and his private charities could not faithful and beloved Vicar of Bisley. His be less than the whole emolument, after constitution was naturally sound and vi. paying his curate. It is believed that Mr. gorous, and during those years he was Mansfield gave away as inuch as one hun favoured with good health. On these dred pounds yearly in small sums of three. accounts, humanly speaking, he was likely pence and sixpence. Divine Providence to have reached a good old age; but in had blessed him with an independent for the midst of life we are in death." On tune; and he to the utmost improved it the evening of July 11, 1826, accompanied to the good of his fellow-men.

by his eldest son, he was going on an Mr. Mansfield's conduct in his own errand of benevolence in behalf of his family was most examplary. He generally poor parishioners; when both were thrown rose early, and spent the morning in pri- with great force from an open carriage, in vate devotion and reading the Scriptures. consequence of the unruliness of the For several years he committed a portion horse. The son received but little injury; of Scripture to memory every morning; but Mr. Mansfield received a severe comby which means, his mind became well pound fracture in his leg, and his whole stored with the language and sentiments frame was severely injured by the concusof the inspired writers. The family prayers sion. He survived this affecting accident morning and evening were conducted by only nine days, and was able to say very him in a manner well calculated to promote little between the afllicting event and his edification. His whole behaviour marked death. But though he was able to say the affectionate husband and the tender only little, that little was sufficient to shew parent. The education of his young fa. the truly devout and spiritual state of his mily dwelt much upon his mind. He mind. Such brief sentences as the folpreferred a private education to a pub- lowing fell from time to time from his lic one, for boys; and left his executors lips :-“ () God, thou hast been my help, under restrictions upon this point. He so that I shall not greatly fall."-" I will thought that a private education is more extol thee, my God, o king; and I will favourable to forming the religious and bless thy name for ever and ever; for moral character. He did not appear fond thou hast not let the enemy triumph over of general society, and in mixed company me."_“Whosoever believeth in the Lord was rather reserved; but his disposition Jesus Christ shall be saved.”_" There is was habitually lively and cheerful. In his therefore now no condemnation to them own family and with his intimates, his which are in Christ Jesus, who walk not

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