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that it is unnecessary, there being service bondage is accompanied with Christian at nine, ten, twelve, and two o'clock in education, are ably pointed out. Much the day, and that it would lead to disorder, has been already done by missionary and and be at variance with the early hours school societies; and with the cordial and simple manners of the people. One concurrence of the national authorities; of the pastors has proposed the institution but far more remains to be achieved to of theological prizes, to excite the zeal of lay the basis for national education. A the students.
committee has been formed in London to The inhabitants of the Canton of Fri- carry the plan into effect; aided by the bourg have given permission for the erec valuable services of Mr. Leeves, who is tion of a Protestant chapel in their capical. now at Corfu superintending the version This is but reciprocal as the Catholics of the Old Testament into modern Greek. have chapels at Basle, Zurich, and Lau- Stephanini, the young Greek, who sanne ; but it is a novel instance of Ca- lately published a narrative of his life in tholic tolerance, and it is to be hoped will New York, has realized 1400 dollars, with be imitated throughout Switzerland and which he has sailed for his native land, to not least among Protestants themselves. redeem his mother and sister from TurkGERMANY.
ish captivity. Professor Scholz, in his biblical travels
CANADA. in Europe and the East, has collated The new Roman Catholic church in more than six hundred manuscripts un- Montreal is calculated to contain ten thouknown to Griesbach ; and is preparing the sand persons; it is adorned with six lofty result of his collations for publication. towers ; nearly as high as those of WestRUSSIA.
minster Abbey. The eastern window is M. de Gouroff, rector of the university sixty-four feet in height. of St. Petersburg, is publishing a work on
UNITED STATES. the evil effects of foundling hospitals. He M r. Robert Owen has been as griev, states that in Catholic countries in which ously repulsed in his plans for making such institutions abound (France bas no Americans happy, as for making Englishfewer than three hundred and sixty-two), men; as our readers may infer from the the number of abandoned cbildren is fright- following extracts from a reply of the ful, and far exceeding that of Protestant New-York Typographical society, to his countries. In London, he says, in a po overtures. After stating the object of pulation of a million and a quarter in five Mr. Owen's proposals, his specification of years (from 1819 to 1823), one bundred the enormous grievances under which and fifty-one children were exposed, and the “working classes labour," "their the number of illegitimate children re- industry unprotected, oppressed, and ceived into the forty-four workhouses was despised,” their education impeded by four thousand six hundred and sixty-eight, “clerical, sectarian, and aristocratical inone fifth of whom were supported by fluence;' and his recommendation to their fathers ; whereas France, with only " circulate [deistical and revolutionary] two thirds of the population, had twenty tracts,” and to form his well-known Newfive thousand two hundred and seventy Lanark associations, these sturdy me. seven foundlings, all supported by the chanics proceed : state. Again, Mayence formerly had no “Your committee would recommend establishment of this kind; and from 1799 that this insolence be treated with silent to 1811, there were exposed there thirty contempt, were it not that circumstances children. Napoleon opened one in Nov. induce us to believe that a band of choice 1811, which remained till March 1815, spirits,' of foreign origin, have united when it was suppressed by the Grand among us, and, availing themselves of Duke of Hesse-Darmstadt. During this the mild forbearance of our laws, are deterperiod of three years and four months, the mined, by the most insidious arts, to sow house received five hundred and sixteen the seeds of discord and rebellion. These foundlings. In the nine succeeding years, reformers have addressed themselves but seven children were exposed.
almost exclusively to that class of citi. GREECE.
zens among whom they suppose there is An interesting address has been pub- the least intelligence, that they may the lished on the education of the Greeks. more readily succeed in their designs. We Their claims upon our regard and sym- trust, however, that there is too much pathies, and the benefits or evils which intelligence among mechanics and workmay flow from them to other nations, ing men in this republic, to become the according as their emancipation from civil ready dupes of such pretenders.
“ It is true that there is some distress instruction and bad example are the priamong the labouring classes throughout mary causes of these vices." the civilized world; but it has grown out There is a school devoted to scientific of circumstances about which the wisest agricultural education, in Oneida county, men differ in opinion. It is a fact that under the care of the regents of the uni. labour is not as productive as it has been versity. Students are instructed in sciin times past; that is to say, a man, by entific and practical agriculture, are comthe labour of his hands, is unable to pro- pelled to go through all its manual operavide as well for his necessities as he could tions, and pay for their instruction by have done in times past. But in this their labour. country, the pressure arising from this The village of Fredonia, in the state of state of things is nothing, compared to New York, is lighted by natural gas which the overwhelming poverty, want, and issues from under a soft foetid limestone misery which is exhibited in every nation rock, which has been bored through for a in Europe among the labouring classes. vent, and a gasometer placed over it. Your committee would beg leave, while
SOUTH-SEA ISLANDS. on this subject, to hazard one opinion; So rapidly does civilization advance in which is, that the cause of this distress, the newly Christianized islands, that the in a great measure, if not altogether, may inhabitants of Huaheine, one of the Sobe found in the rapid introduction of ciety Islands, and Rorotagna, one of the labour-saving machines, within the last Harvey group, have constructed under thirty years : we are not prepared to say the superintendence of the missionaries, that they ought or can be suppressed; two vessels, chiefly of native materials, but we do say, that the subject merits the and capable of navigating the open seas. attention of wise legislators. But what These vessels will enable the missionaries do our reformers say? They call upon to visit the various islands, and hold inthe labouring classes to rally under them, tercourse with the native teachers. in defence of their rights, when no right
JAPAN. has been molested, nor the shadow of an The Japanese are quite intolerant to attempt made from which such an infer. Christianity. The Catholic priests, who ence can be drawn : on the contrary, it formerly lived in Japan, enjoyed every has of late been the principal object of possible freedom, and converted a great all our legislative assemblies to enlarge number of the natives ; but, at last, the the rights, and extend the privileges of progress of the new religion gave rise to a every class of our fellow-citizens. They dreadful civil war. For this reason, after would destroy the Christian religion, the the extirpation of the Christians, the folpillar that sustains moral obligation, the lowing inscription was placed at the head light of the blind, the solace of the afflict- of the stone tablets of laws, which are fixed ed, the only hope planted in the human up in all public places. “Whoever knows heart which carries it triumphant beyond any individual who has taught Christiathe pale of this, at best, miserable exist. nity, and can convict him thereof, shall ence; and in its stead would substitute receive a reward of five hundred silver misrule and confusion, to terminate in pieces." There is likewise a law which nothing but the hope of annihilation. prohibits masters from hiring servants, Your committee view this interference until they receive from them a written with indignation. What right has been assurance of their not being Christians. invaded, suppressed, or molested? We In Nangasaky, where Christianity had know of none, except the natural right made the greatest progress, there is a which a quiet, satisfied, intelligent, and staircase, on the steps of which are laid free community ought to exercise in si various ornaments and utensils of the lencing such mischief-makers.”
Catholic church, and on the first step a We shall think honourably of New crucifix. On new-year's day, all the inhaYork mechanics as long as we live, forbitants of Nangasaky are obliged to ascend this sensible and spirited manifesto. these steps; and, as a proof that they are
The Governor of New York states as not Christians, to trample on the articles. follows in his message to the legislature: It is said, that many Christians who live -“The charity and Sunday schools at Nangasaky comply with this regulation throughout the state are exerting a great from interested motives. These facts, power in the prevention of pauperism we presume, are true ; but it is mournful and crime. In this country, the greater that the intrigues or bad conduct of these part of pauperism and crime results from Papal missionaries should be identified idleness and intemperance, and want of with Christianity.
LIST OF NEW PUBLICATIONS, Sermons on the Epistles to the Seven The Worship of the Serpent traced Churches, the Millennium, &c. By the throughout the World. By the Rev. B. late Rev. Joseph Milner, with Preface, by Deane. the Rev. E. Bickersteth. 1 vol. 10s. The Gairloch Heresy tried, in a Letter
Memoir of the Rev. A. Waugh, D.D. to the Rev. J. Campbell, and a Sermon. 1 vol. 8vo. 14s.
By the Rev. R. Burns, D.D. The argument from Miracles in Sup- Infidelity confuted on its own Gronnds. port of Christianity. By the "Rev. G. A Treatise on the Sabbath (being Payne, LL.D. is.'
Dr. Dwight's Five Sermons on that A Vindication of the Christian Faith. Subject). 6d. By the Rev. J. Inglis, D.D. 1 vol. 8vo. A Discourse on Occasion of the Death IÓs. 6d.
of Mrs. Maitland. By the Rev. G. ClayPractical and Familiar Sermons. By ton. Is. the Rev. W. Thompson.
Metrical Sketches, Descriptive and · The Work of the Holy Spirit in Con- Moral. By a Pedestrian. Is. 6d. version. By the Rev. J. Hinton. 6s. Conversations for the Young. By the
Sermons by the Rev. J. Stedman, D.D. Rev. R. Watson. Hooker's Polity, with his Life, by Lessons on Objects, as given in a PesWalton ; to which are now first added, talozzian School. 3s. 6d. the “ Christian Letter to Hooker,” Dr. The History of Scotland. By Sir Covel's Defence of it ; Cartwright's Life; Walter Scott. 2 vols. 12s. Introduction, Notes, &c. By B. Hanbury. The Fall of Nineveh, a Poem. By E. 3 vols. Svo. Il. lls. 6d.
Atherstone. Vol. II. 10s. 6d. Sermons, by the Rev. T. Griffith. lls. Criminal Executions, the Penal Code,
The Forgiveness of Sin the Privilege of Prison Discipline, &c. By A. Newman. the Redeemed; by the Rev. J. Smyth; 4s. 6d. in Opposition to the Doctrine of Universal The Scottish Communion Services; Pardon. 33.
with the Public Services before and after. The Civil Duties of Mankind. By the By the Rev. A. G. Carstairs, Minister of Rev. J. Smyth.
Wester-Anstruther. 58. 6d.
SOCIETY FOR THE PROPAGA
TION OF THE GOSPEL, From the last Report of this venerable and useful Church-of-England institution we collect the following outline of its pro. ceedings :
Diocese of Nova Scotia.- The communi. cations received from the several mission aries exhibit the beneficial effects arising from the personal inspection of the bishop, as having been the cause of greater exertion on the part of the clergy, and of a closer bond of union among the members of the church. More than 7000 persons availed themselves of the rite of Confirmation administered by the bishop during his last visitation. This is only one of the many advantages arising from these pe riodical visitations : but when it is considered that the several parts of this diocese embrace a circuit of many thousand miles, to be reached only with much toil and exposure to danger, a division of the diocese is scarcely less required in this case, and in the other North-dmerican portion of the empire, than in India ; and the society hope that his Majesty's Mi.
CHRIST. OBSERV. No. 339.
nisters will so far be persuaded of the utility of the measure, that no long time will be suffered to elapse before sufficient provision be made for this essential increase of the ecclesiastical establishment.
Newfoundland.-In St. John's the principal town in the island and the seat of government, the means adopted last year for the introduction of the national system of education have been found abundantly effective; and the several missionaries in the province, it is stated, have all been active and zealous in the performance of their duties.
Nova Scotia.--The schools at Halifax continue to afford the benefits of education to nearly 400 children. There are parts of this province, as well as of the other colonies in North America, where the settlers stand as much in need of religious instruction, and of the administration of Christian ordinances, as if they were entirely separated from the civilized world; and their children, adds the Report, “ would have grown up in utter ignorance of the saving truths of Divine revelation, had not an affectionate concern for their
welfare, prompted pious and zealous pera replace Mr. Christian in his perilous task ; sons to encounter difficulties and dangers, and the children who had been intrusted in order to impart to them the knowledge to his care by the chiefs, for the purpose of Christianity, and the comforts of its of instruction, whose confidence also he sacraments." " There cannot be an ob- had gained by his simple manners and beject of greater compassion,” continues the nevolent character, have become agaip the Report, “or one more deserving of our best victims of ignorance and superstition, exertions, than the parent driven from his The Rev. W. Tweedle, and the Rev. M. native country by the difficulties of main. Mello, continue the superintendence of taining his family, struggling in a remote the large circle of native schools. The district to support a bare existence, him. Rev. W. Morton has brought to a terminself feeling alive to the duties of a Christian, ation a Bengalli dictionary, and he is now and the privileges of the Gospel covenant, translating the Liturgy into that language. and seeing his family grow up to maturity It is an object of earnest desire with the unconscious of their obligations, and in society, to give every possible aid to, the utter ignorance either of the necessity, or missionary cause in the Madras. presiof the existence of a Redeemer;"--and dency. “The same fruits,” adds the yet in this state numbers are found dis. Report," that attended the exemplary capersed over the wild and desolate country, reer of Swartz, and others his predecessors little superior in their information or their and contemporaries may, with the blessing habits to the native tribes of the forest. of God, be expected, if the same energy
New Brunswick.— The church in this of character and pious dispositions are province keeps pace with the increase of exhibited in the present generation, Inthe population ; and in some of the more deed, the impediments to success in the distant places additional provision has scene of their labours may be said to be been made for the administration of its in a degree removed, as an impression has ordinances. Through the munificence of already been made upon the native mind, his Majesty and the bounty of the legis. and the convert sees a numerous body of lature, a collegiate institution has been his fellow.citizens prepared to receive him founded in the vicinity of Fredericton, to as a brother.”—To Bishop's College, Calwhich a charter had been granted, placing cutta, the society look forward as the best it under the government of a president, means of ensuring, with the blessing of vice-president, and council, in connexion God, ultimate success to their endeavours. with the Church of England. The so- Codrington College. - After many delays, ciety have signified their readiness to en. the society bave been enabled to adopt dow the institution with a certain number preliminary measures to place the estaof divinity scholarships. An increase has blishment upon that footing, which was been made to the missionary establish- principally in the contemplation of the mument of six ministers.
nificent founder. To render the college Canada.- In the diocese of Quebec more available for the purposes of a sound many new missions have been opened, and theological education, the constitution is so additional strength has been given to the far amended, as to admit of the appointministry, by the ordination and employ- ment of a principal and tutor, with a view ment of several young men. The Bishop to the preparation of a certain number of of Quebec has devoted a considerable por students for holy orders, twelve of whom tion of the year to a visitation of part of will be maintained and educated free of his diocese; and the good effects have any charge. These may be chosen from already become visible in renewed appli. any part of his Majesty's West-Indian cation for the establishment of missions. possessions. A medical professor is ap
Calculta.- The missionary cause in this pointed to give lectures to the students in part of the world has again to lament the physic and chirurgery. In connexion with injurious effects of the suspension of the the college, a seminary is to be opened at. Episcopal authority by the death of the the residence of the chaplain, where a late bishop. The loss thus sustained has limited number of boys inay be admitted proved a serious impediment to the pro- for gratuitous education, and prepared as gress of the recent establishments of the candidates for future admission into the society. The lamented death of the Rev. higher departments, Mr. Pinder is apThomas Christian, the judicious and in- pointed principal, with a salary of 10001. defatigable missionary near Bhagulpoor, per annum. has occasioned the disappointment of the The statements in the Report next refer hopes in that quarter, cherished by Bishop to the society's slaves. The reporter Heber. No successor could be found to adroitly avoids this odious word, calling
them by every other better sounding de. from Africa tainted the native population signation he can devise; though, if it be with the vicious practices and habits of no shame for the society to retain slaves, that barbarous and uncivilized land, the we see no shame in calling them by that difficulties of encountering with success name. They are slaves; and the society the prejudices of the Negroes might be are slave-holders-why disguise it? The found inunperable; but as the baneful instatement contains, in effect, two declara- fluence arising from the introduction of tions, that the society have been very this class no longer exists, it is reasonable anxious for their slaves, but that their to believe, that their minds may be opened wishes have been miserably disappointed. to the full influence of Christian princiThe reporter states,
ples, and a conviction that while they are “ It will not be surprising to find, that admitted to the hopes and privileges of some of the criminal indulgences and ha- the Christian covenant, it will become bits of the Black population still continue them to submit to the restraints of that to resist the power and force of every ad. ordinance, without the observance of monition of the minister, whether given which they cannot be deemed a Christian in public, or renewed in his private con- community, and the breach of which has versations, and remains as a "proof that ever been considered as one of the most they are not yet fully sensible of their serious offences against God and man." Christian obligations. The society have so much for the reporter's hopeful anrepeated their exhortations to all in their ticipations : our own, we confess, are by service, on whom the Negro is in any no means sanguine. Our chief comfort measure dependent, whether lay or cle- in this melancholy affair is, that the best rical, to use every possible means of in- friends of the society begin to understand ducing them to comply with every the circumstances of the case, and are Christian ordinance. That with this view anxious to apply some remedy. No rethey have called the attention of their medy at all effectual, we are convinced, is excellent attorney, to the encouragement yet in operation. The reporter may feel of marriages among the Black population ashamed of the name of slave, and avoid of the estates ; suggesting that much good it on paper; but while slavery exists in effect might arise, from offering to such fact, the inherent vices of slavery cannot persons as continue to live strictly in the be extirpated. Surely the blessing of God connexion thus formed, some superior ad- is not on this department of the society's vantages, either in their habitations or their labours. We feel strongly, and might say clothing, as a mark of distinction, and a much--but we forbear. proof of their sense of Christian obligation. We had almost forgotten to notice the * “ The society are sensible that it has Bishop of Winchester's Sermon prefixed ever formed a subject of urgent remon- to the Report. We regret that we have strance with the chaplain, to point out the not space left to quote from this truly sin of continuing to form connexions with pious, affectionate, and appropriate disout the sanction of matrimony; but they course. have observed with sorrow, how little effect these temonstrances have produced, either ANNIVERSARIES OF CHURCH public or private. They have again en
SOCIETIES. tered upon their journals a strong expres. National Society, at Central School. sion of their regret, that the efforts of the room, May 12, at two o'clock ;-Sons of chaplain to promote marriages among the the Clergy, at St. Paul's, May 13, and Negroes have been attended with so little dinner in Merchant-Tailors' Hall on the success; and, considering it to be of the same day ;-- the Anniversary Dinner of the utmost importance, that no practicable Society for promoting Christiau Knowmethod of effecting this desirable object ledge, May 25, at Free-Masons' Tavern; should be spared, the society have re- the Examination of the Children of the quested the Bishop of Barbados to consult Clergy Orphan Society in St John's Wood with the attorney of the estates, as to the Road, May 27 ;-the Meeting of the Chilmost efficient means of encouraging mar- dren in St. Paul's, June 3.—The Society riages among the Negroes, assuring his for the Propagation of the Gospel in lordship of their readiness to co-operate Foreign Parts will not have a public with him to the very utmost of their means, meeting this year. even if it should be found necessary at considerable pecuniary sacrifice, in the prose HOME MISSIONS IN IRELAND. cution of so pious and charitable a design. We have several times alluded with
" While the odious traffic in slaves was much pleasure to the Home Missions permitted, and continual importations conducted under Episcopal authority in