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the facts of the case would justify. But we must pass on to the ninth, In his serenth sermon, entitled, on the Good Samaritan," which “ The Christian's Treatment on displays less of talent and judgment Earth," from 1 Pet. iü. 13, 14, his than any in the volume. The hislordship urges that Christians, in tory (for such it probably was) is the ordinary circumstances of life, treated, by Bishop Heber, as an have no sufficient reason to fear allegory, and thus affords ample either persecution, or material mo. scope for the flights of a poetic lestation from the world, on the imagination. The traveller is the ground of their religion; and that representative of mankind : his much of the inconvenience and journey from Jerusalem to Jericho trouble which good men have met indicates his departure from the with in their Christian course may favour and protection of God, to fairly be attributed to their indis. partake in the pleasures and pursuits cretion and unnecessary singularity. of the world: bis falling among In some measure, this is doubtless thieves signifies his coming into the true. Trials and opposition, on power of the devil and bis angels : the score of real piety, have been bis wounds and exposure intimate frequently overrated; are sometimes the consequent misery and danger imaginary; and, even when real, of sin : the passing by of the might have been avoided by the priest, shews that sacrifices could exercise of Christian forbearance not avail himn : the Levite is the and discretion. Still, Christianity representative of the Jewish law, in its humbling doctrines, holy which was equally inefficient with principles, and practical require. its sacrifices: the Samaritan is ments, has never been, and never Jesus Christ: the wine and oil, can be, a favourite with a world to exhibit his precious blood shed on whose popular maxims, fashionable the cross : the inn is the ark of pleasures and predominant pur. the covenant, or the church; and suits, it is in direct opposition; and the two pence are the two sacrawhenever it comes in collision, as it ments. This is an epitome of the must frequently do, with a worldly discourse; and it will at once be spirit, it will assuredly elicit the seen that it is far better calculated opposition of " the carnal miud," to amuse the fancy, than to convey with its inherent “ enmity." “ The useful instruction. It has not even victory which overcometh the the merit of being novel; and we world," is never achieved without cannot but regret that it has been conflict, and seldom without severe thought worthy of a place in this and protracted struggles; and though valuable selection of sermons. We Christianity is now recognised by are afraid it will find more imitators human laws, so that no direct pains than those in the series which and penalties are inflicted on its abound with mind and matter ; disciples, yet the truth remains un since it is far easier to give the changeable, that all who will live rein to fancy, than to discipline the godly in Christ Jesus, must suffer vagrant and reluctant mind : and persecution. The scourge of the we are sorry that those who will be tongue, reproach, contempt, domes unwilling to copy the illustrious extic unkindness, and sometimes the ample of Bishop Heber, in putting positive injury of a person's pros. restraint on a poetic imagination, pects in life, still prove that the should be able to plead it in giving is offence of the Cross has not scope to its vagaries. Mr. Jones, of ceased.”
Nayland, and others, have sermons The next sermon is on “the Pha. on the passage in a similar strain ; risee and Publican,” and abounds and Bishop Heber has probably with valuable and judicious remarks. taken the explication at second hand,
CHRIST, OBSERV. No. 338.
without due caution. Justly does Christian; and has shewn himself the venerable commentator Scott as able an advocate of the best of remark, in reference to this parable, causes, as he was a formidable op- Several accommodations have ponent of its adversaries. The been made of the subject; the oil Charge with which the volume and wine have been considered as commences, and this elaborate vin. representing the blood and Spirit dication of missions, will be always of Christ; the inn, his church ; the selected by his friends as proofs that host, his ministers; and the two he merited the high opinion which, pence, the sacraments : but these by public suffrage, was given to his fancies are far more amusing than eminent talent and piety. instructive; and it may be seriously It is unnecessary to give the mere apprehended that, by such inter- title of the remaining sermons, which pretations, men's thoughts have are all excellent; yet in different been very much drawn off from degrees. That we do not agree the grand practical inference, Go, with all the sentiments of the Right and do thou likewise.'” Such, we Reverend author, nor think that are sure, was far from our excellent he always rises to the full standard prelate's intention.
of scriptural truth, is evident from The tenth sermon, on “the La- the freedom with which we have bourers in the Vineyard," is elo- animadverted on some of his express quent, pious, and judicious. In it sentiments and incidental renjarks, occurs an affecting description of a to which others might have been humble minister of Christ of slender added ; but still he was both a good talents, modest pretensions, but un- and great man. Bonum virum facile wearied diligence, labouring in an crederes, magnum libenter. The obscure corner of the vineyard with amiableness of his temper, the ele. out any visible fruits of his industry; gance of his accomplishments, the contrasted with the station, popula. urbanity of his manners; above all, rity, and commanding talents of the genuineness of his piety, the another, occupying a more con- zeal he manifested for the best spicuous, and, apparently, more interests of India, and the sacrifice productive part of that vineyard. he made of his time, his talents,
The eleventh sermon, on « the and finally of his life, to promote Conversion of the Heathen," both them; have resounded, not only on account of the importance of the through the vast continent of India, subject, and the ability with which from Cape Comorin and Ceylon, to it is treated, deserves particular at the mountains of Himalaya; but tention. If any person can rise from have been re-echoed from the the perusal of this discourse without Ganges to the Thames, and from a conviction of the paramount duty the Thames to the Mississippi. of attempting that conversion, with “ Finis vitæ ejus nobis luctuosus, out a persuasion of its practicability, amicis tristis, extraneis etiam igwithout a confidence that it will one notisque non sine cura fuit." We day be achieved, and without a may add also, “ Et ipse quidem, readiness to make great sacrifices quanquam medio in spatio integræ to promote it, we should equally ætatis ereptus, quantum ad gloriam," doubt the soundness of his under- --a higher glory than the heathen standing and the reality of his knew -“ longissimum ævum pereligion. In this sermon, the bishop regit." has concentrated the powers of his understanding, and the riches of his imagination. He has combined the best qualifications of a good writer, with the purest principles of a sound
thing, except it be some of the Essays on the Present Crisis in the speeches in our own West-Indian
Condition ofthe American Indians, assemblies, can be more harsh, tyfirst published in the American) rannical, and unchristian, than the National Intelligencer, under the remarks of one of the members Signature of WILLIAM Penn. for Georgia on the occasion. He Boston (New England). 1829. thought it most supercilious for
persons to pretend to interfere in This ably written publication has behalf of others ; let them mind just reached us from the other side their own business; it is quite time of the Atlantic ; where, we trust, it enough for persons to complain has already met with that attention when they are hurt themselves; which its importance demands. The the Indians are “savage tribes," minor details would not interest “the remnants of a conquered peoEuropean readers : but the general ple," “infidel aliens ;" and those question is not alien to any mind states within whose limits they live that is alive to the claims of justice have a right to extend their laws or humanity.
over them; “it might be well We noticed the subject in our enough for the state of New York, Number for last May (p. 326), and or," continued he, sneeringly, “the have also alluded to it in our refer. British Parliament, to legislate for ence to President Jackson's mes that amiable and oppressed race of sage, and on other occasions. The vagrants ;" but, for himself, he Indians have been again and again hated such "political homilies," recognised by treaty as independent such “mawkish mixtures of sentinations, and their lands and laws ment and selfishness;" it was “ri. secured to them by the most solemn diculous and disgusting;" and the pledges ; and for Georgia, or any mcmorial (which another member other state in the Union, to force said had been “got up at a grog. them involuntarily to submit to its shop,") was intended only to shew sovereignty, under pain of banish- the “ eloquence and philanthropy ment beyond the Mississippi, is both of the memorialists.". We can only inequitable and cruel. The religious say, that the orator is worthy of the part of the community in America cause. If common justice and hubave expressed themselves on the manity, or the irrefragable argusubject in a manner that does them ments of “ William Penn," had not honour; but we fear their argu- convinced us which was the right ments will not avail in the legisla- side of the question, this speech of ture, where there appears to be Mr. Wilde, of Georgia, would have a strong disposition to side with done so. As to his argument, the Georgia against the poor Chero- lands of the Cherokees are not kees, as unhappily recommended "within the limits of Georgia," by the president. The result is the though surrounded by Georgia; they more lamentable as the Cherokees never formed a part of that state ; are rapidly advancing in civilization, the possessors are not represented and all the characteristics of a free, in the legislature ; they no more happy, intelligent, and religious na- belong to Georgia, than the vine. tion. They know their own rights, yard of Naboth to Ahab : and if and feel keenly the injustice of their taken, as we fear they will be, either oppressors.
by fraud or force, the curse of God We had written the above, when cannot but alight upon the age some recent American papers reach- gressors. ed us, in which we find a debate in congress on the presentation of a memorial from New York in favour of the unfortunate Indians. No
preferable to none, and may serve A Defence of the Serampore Mah. as a foundation for a better. What
ratta Version of the New Testa version is there that may not be ment, in Reply to the Animadver- carped at ; nay, in many instances, sions of an Anonymous Writer justly censured ? The “carping,"
Greenfield, Editor of Bagster's posed by Mr. Greenfield, and the Syriac New Testament. 23. translation powerfully defended ; London. 1830.
but even were it otherwise, there
would be no ground for an attack The anonymous assailant of the in the spirit of the anonymous Serampore version is convicted by assailant. A grave, modest, and Mr. Greenfield of an utter want of scholar-like critique, the Serampore fairness in his argument, and of the missionaries themselves would have veriest sciolism in his criticisms. been glad to receive, and to profit We only lament that the tone in by; and if the assailant can improve which they were penned should upon their labours, so much the have led the replicant to think that better ; but a paper of sneers and a little causticity on his part might party-spirit is unworthy of the cause be very appropriate ; deserved, we of scriptural truth which it professes allow, it was.
to advocate. Such an assertion as, We can assure Mr. Greenfield, that Dr. Carey,-- who for a quarter that this supercilious attack upon of a century has filled, with distinthe poor Serampore missionaries, guished ability, the office of pro. come from what quarter it may, will fessor of Sanscrit, Bengalee, and find no echo in the hearts of pious Mahratta, in the college of Fort and candid Episcopalians, either in William,-betrays “a deplorable India or at home. The Serampore ignorance of the very first princitranslations may not be perfect; it ples of philology, particularly as is impossible they should be so; applicable to the languages of but they are a splendid monument Asia," wants only the name of the of the zeal, the piety, the munifi- asserter, to enhance the wonder of cence, the literature, and the per- every scholar at the assertion : a severing industry of the Baptist degree of wonder equal only to that missionaries ; and especially of the with which every honest man will erudite and learned Dr. Carey. hear that the professor and his The anonymous stripling who has colleagues are "a set of narrowmade this lordly attack upon this minded, tasteless, money-making Goliath of oriental literature, has bigots;" and the Bible Society been utterly discomfited by Mr, "guilty of a practical imposition Greenfield ; though, even were the on the religious gullibility of John Mahratta, or any other eastern ver- Bull." If this be the assailant's sion, as imperfect as the assailant notion of a tasteful style, we only maintains, it would not abate one hope he will confine his improvejot of our veneration for those de- ments to the elegancies of the vout and holy men whose character Mahratta dialect, and not attempt is the public property of Christen. to amend our vernacular translation. dom ; nor would it prove the in. So much for the style; we leave utility of their labours, since even the spirit of the article to the an inferior translation is infinitely writer's own serious reflections.
LITERARY AND PHILOSOPHICAL INTELLIGENCE,
Mr. Milman, for his lively, but exceptionIn the press, and preparing for publica- able History of the Jews; Allan Cunningtion :-Sermons; by the Rev. H. Moore, ham, for his Painters; and Sir Walter with & Memoir ; – Sermons on various Scott, R. Southey, Dr. Brewster, and Subjects; by the Rev. J. Edwards; other eminent writers, for other subjects. Sermons; by the Rev. J. Parsons ;-Lec- Dr. Lardner has begun giving us the tures on a Revival in Religion; by the History of Scotland, by Sir Walter Scott; Rev. J. Hinton ;--The Living Temple ; Domestic Economy, by Mr. Donovan ; by the Author of “The Morning and and Maritime Discovery, anonymous ; ali Evening Sacrifice ;"-Discourses on the admirable in their way, and preeminently Millennium, Election, Justification, &c.; cheap ; and to be followed by volumes by the Rev. M. Russell, LL.D.;- Stories from the pens of Sir James Mackintosh, from the History of Scotland; by the R. Southey, T. Moore, Dr. Brewster, J. Rev. A. Stewart.
Herschel, T. Bell, aud numerous other
well-known authors. Mr. Valpy is pubThe selection of Family Sermons, from lishing a very neat but cheap Family the Christian Observer, announced in our Classical Library, beginning with a translast Number, is nearly through the press. lation of Demosthenes; and one or two at. Applications have been often made for a tempts have been made to publish a series reprint of a portion of the Family Sermons of theological treatises, but hitherto within our pages, in a distinct volume and a out adequate encouragement. large type; which object will be attained The Bishop of Chester, in his Charge by this publication. The volume will reviewed in our last Number, justly decontain forty discourses from the pen of nounces that exceptionable custom still the Editor.
kept up in many parishes, of distributing A new era has commenced in the pub the sacrament alms among the poorer lication of cheap popular works of litera- communicants; which often leads to the ture and science, written, in many in altar some of the wickedest people in the stances, by persons of the highest celeb parish. We apprehend that the custom rity, in various departments of knowledge. was originally intended as a religious test: Nearly seventy sixpenny numbers have for in the disgraceful days of Charles the already appeared of the Library of Useful Second, we find the Middlesex and other Knowledge, with eight two-shilling parts country justices, with a view to exclude of the Library of Entertaining Knowledge. Nonconformnists from parochial charity, Mr. Murray has published ten five-shilling ordering that no person should receive volumes of his Family Library; and Dr. parish relief who did not communicate at Lardner several of the six-shilling monthly the parish church. The game wise men volumes of his Cabinet Cyclopedia. We ordered, that all alehouse keepers should are unwilling to make invidious compari- receive the Lord's supper at church, under sons where all is so cheap, and in general pain of forfeiting their licence. Not a pint so admirably executed, both in the literary of Presbyterian ale was to be sold, or a and the mechanical department; though penny to be given to a Nonconformist with some exceptions in a religious point pauper, with the consent of these sapient of view, to which we may probably feel justices; who thought they saw, in every it our duty to advert. Considering the Dissenter, an abettor of the alleged plot quantity and character of the letter-press, for which Russell had just suffered, and of the plates and cuts, of some of these Among the annual House-of-Commons works, to say nothing of copyright, it is votes of thanks for the sermons preached only a very large sale which can reimburse on the 30th of January, there is none to the spirited proprietors. The Useful- be found for the year 1700. The reason Knowledge Society do not publish the was, that the preacher, one Stephen, recnames of their writers ; but some of them tor of Sutton, Surrey, impudently told his are persons of the highest literary and sci- audience, that the day was not kept out entific celebrity. Mr. Murray gives us the of abhorrence of the execution of King names of Mr. Williams, of Llampeter, for Charles; but to remind other kings to bebis interesting life of Alexander the Great; have themselves better to their subjects,