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in the courts of princes, but was never been employed on the continent as a subexperienced to be of the least substantial ftitute for the SPIRIT OF RELIGION, and ule in preserving their constitutions, yet is at this day employed there by the names they were so attached to it, as scarcely to of spirit of LIBERTY, 'Spirit of know that the genuine spirit existed. EQUALITY, REVOLUTIONARY SPIRIT,

In this country, also, a great deal of and various others; for I must do the the spurious kind is fold, but I am happy parties who drink deepest of this fpirit to add, there is allo a great deal of the the justice to say, that they seem ashamed genuine, and I should hope it would gain of its proper name, and always put a ground in the popular opinion, as every fine-looking label on the bottle to deceive day's experience must satisfy us of its their servants

, just as in this country, great efficacy in healing constitutional among certain persons, drams are fupTores, and procuring rest when every other posed to be as harmless as water, when medicine has failed. There are particular. called liqueurs, and a bumper of brandy days appointed for retailing the genuine is supposed to have no fpirit in it, to those fpirit, and I think that if people would who complain of a spasm! frequent the shops more'on those days than I have thus, Mr. Editor, endeavoured they do, they would soon acquire the true to sketch the properties and effects of the relish. I grant that it is not retailed ei. most fashionable fpirits now in use. ther in equal quantity or quality. I There are others, undoubtedly, which have tasted some a great deal below proof, might have been included, but which I and some as much above it. Some like- omit for want of sufficient data. There wife mix an acid with it which tends to is, for example, the SPIRIT of LIBERTY, fpoil the effect, as mildness is essential to which I once flattered myself I understood iis purity; and some make it of a blooa- a little of, but it has lately been mixed red colour, a miserable composition which with so many strange ingredients, of opfcon gets into the head, and produces all poste natures, one aftringent, another the effects of the most brutal intoxication. opening, one tonic and another weakenThese irregularities in the composition, ing, and this by all the great chemists of however, may be very easily avoided, hy Europe who have employed their alembics attending to the original receipt, which in manufacturing it, that I must candidly is published by authority, and may be confess I know not what to make of it. had of his majesty's printer.

I am one of the old school, and have not 5. I hall mention only one other spirit, had leisure, perhaps, indeed, I am too the SPIRIT OF BIGOTRY. This is the far advanced in life, to study the new most ardent of all spirits, easily inflam- nomenclature, for every thing is now called mable, expanding with heat, and, like the by a new name, and that name as little phosphorus, fames most in the dark. It descriptive of its qualities as well can be is fo very pernicious in its tendency, that suppoled. I might say something too of I am surprised it has not long ago been PARTY SPIRIT, but I have fo frequently prohibited under the feverest penalties. seen the milerable effects of that upon It is, however, compounded in fo many some unhappy friends who have indulged various ways, as to have been mistaken in it, that I cannot now bear the taste of for almost every one of the fpirits I have it; and therefore conclude with hoping already mentioned, particularly the last, that you will continue your Magazine to which, however, it is as opposite in with its usual SPIRIT, and accept the cause and effect, as any two things that good willies of, Yours, &c. can well be fupposed. It has not always

GEOFFRY GAUGER. been a favourite in this country, yet the Excise-Office, Feb. 12, 1799. common people sometimes have indulged in it, primarily to the destruction of

To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. others, and ultimately to the destruction of themselves. When taken in confidera.

SIR, ble does, it preciuces confirmed lunacy THE teftimony of fives and twenty

, ald, whimsical kind. The poor crea- my faithfulness and impartiality · as a tures who are ineuriated with it, take it theological tutor, you will naturally lupin their heads that they can answer a pore, after what has passed, must be highly pamphlet by burning a house, and con- grateful to my feelings; and that its vince a man of an error by cutting his happening to appear before the public, in throat. It was a very fathionable spirit the last number of your Magazine, was a in the days of Queen Mary, and has often circumstance peculiarly agreeable. The 1799.] The Rev. Mr. Horsey's Explanation.


93 writers could not possibly know that the tion, is absolutely false. I will not say that Jetter ligned David Savile would precede there is not a fingle instance of a diminished it; but if they had known it, they could society amongst you all, but I wiil say that I fcarcely have penned, in my opinion, and

do not know any instance of the kind, where that of many others, a more complete re

any one of my late pupils is settled. Instances futation of it. All that I could have

to the contrary, however, I do know, in sewished for, is voluntarily substantiated by some of them are at this momeni in a very

veral places; and that the congregations of vouchers who have been my pupils, fome Aourishing state. Is this, gentlemen, the at the beginning of my academical career;

narrator of facts, on whose testimony the others, during the process; and some at public will rely? Is this the cenfor at whose the period of my resigning my office. By menaces we are to tremble, or by the smart your permission, Sir, I will now turn to of whose correction “ public repentance" is my young friends; and by addressing to to be produced? Can arrows from the quiver them a few fentences, through the medium of such a man injure those against whom they of a Magazine so extensively circulated,

are directed ? Alas! I feel quite in vulnerable, give the public an idea of my views and

while I folace myself with the advice of the

Roman poet intentions. GENTLEMEN,

Hic murus aheneus efto, I cannot but feel the most lively sense of

Nil conscire fibi, nullâ pallefcere culpa." gratitude for your unsolicited testimonial to my character, judiciously supported by an appeal Here the public, I presume, will make their to facts, and for the handsome and affectionate

comment; and here I shall leave Mr. SAVILE address to me, with which you have thought to his own reflections, only reminding him, fit to accompany it. Accept, therefore, my

in my turn, of a heavenly voice, which says, unfeigned thanks; and allow me to add, that

" Thou shalt not bear falje witness again the my pleasure is heightened, by a.consciousness

neighbour.that I am entitled to your esteem, so far as a I am glad, gentlemen, that you have conreal concern for your improvement and com- nected the encouragement of FrEE ENQUIRY fort can deserve it. Beyond this I make no with the faithful discharge of my duty. I boast--And now my fidelity in my official could not conscienciously engage in any plan department being established, upon the same of education, where it was restrained or dirground on which the credibility of the Gospel countenanced. Nor had I the least reason to itself rests, I mean the testimony of compe- suppose that this was wished, when I entered tent witnesses, can you, can the public ex

upon my office as theological tutor at Northpect me to take notice of the insignificant ampton. I will conclude, therefore, with an letter figned David Savile? I have, indeed, extract from the first address which I delivered at last, drawn forth a name; but to David

to my academical family, to fhew in what light Savile himself I certainly never intend to I then considered myself required by Mrs address one line so long as I live; because, Coward's trustees to conduct the studies of though I have always trea ed him with ci

my pupils : vility, which he acknowledged but two or " It is not the design of this institution, three weeks before we parted, I am com- and it is very far from my inclination, to pelled to believe, by an irrefittible body of usurp an authority over conscience, or to evidence, that he is the worst enemy I have cherish bigotry and party zeal. It contributes in the world: and because any future re- not a little to the credit of this seminary, presentation, by the fame pen, would pro. that it has been conducted for a series of years bably resemble the present, in which there

on generous and liberal principles: principles is scarcely a single fact accurately and fairly which I devoutly with may be still cherished, ftated.--This I have demonstrated in a paper, and withoựt which its very existence is, indeed, which I thought of inserting in the Maga- insignificant and ineligible. Freedom of enzine; but upon reflection have fupprefled it, quiry, on all subjects, is the birth-right and perceiving that it would occupy more room glory of a rational being. In this seminary it in that useful work than I had a riglit to ex- has been enjoyed; in this feminary it shall pect, and convinced that your testimonial, so be enjoyed. In the honest fervour of an unItrongly expressed, must cruth the insinuations fettered mind, I say, Heaven forbid, that the of an individual, who was never present at fatal hour should ever arrive, when freedom of any one of my lectures, during the whole enquiry shall be prohibited or restrained My time of his residence at Northampton. All object, gentlemen, is not to stamp infallithat I shall do, therefore, is to select one bility on any human syitem of religion. Not Specimen of that writer's rathness and malevo- to require your subscription to articles of Lence: and I select that in particular from faith before you have examined into the truth among others, because it relates both to you of them. Not to bias your minds during the

He aferts, with an air of great so process of examination. Not to encourage a lemnity, that " for a series of years I have levere and illiberal disposition towards any been fending forth men, who have diminished class of your fellow christians. But the many a once flourishing congregation.” Now highest object of my ambition is to promote this, I venture to declare, as a general olier- a fcriptural religion; and to enrich the church


and me.

of Christ with a race of minifters, who shall To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. unite learning with piety; orthodoxy (I use the word in its strict philological sense) with

SIR, charity; and candour with zeal. No position


OUR known candour, and a regard is more common among Protestants than this to the principles of justice, will, I -That scripture is, without human additi- trust, induce you to give an early insertion ons, a complete rule of faith and practice. of this letter, which is in answer to a Endeavour, gentlemen, on all occasions, to

most flagitious, unprovoked, and outact in perfect consistency with it. Study the sacred records. Study them with close and Man, or rather a daftardly. Asaflin, who

rageous personal attack upon me by some persevering attention. Avail yourselves of every advantage for understanding their gor Protestant Dissenter, in a letter inserted

shields himself under the signature of A nuine import. Make yourselves thoroughly acquainted with the original languages of the in your Magazine of the last month. I am Old and New Testament; and carefully at

fenlible you do not with the Monthly tend to the peculiar phraseology of scripture; Magazine to become the vehicle of flanthe customs of ancient times; the particu- der and defamation, but such it undoubtlars of the situation of those, to whom dif- edly became last month, for more atroferent parts of scripture refer, or to whom cious lies were never forged than those they were immediately addrefied; that so you contained in the brief, but infamous letter may attain an accurate and comprehensive ac

referred to. I wave faying any thing requaintance with those scriptures which are specting my pamphlet

, after what the able to make you wise unto falvation, and most respectable literary journalists have ject of your future instructions to others. said respecting it, which seems to have Never presume to dictate to the sacred ora- excited the rage of the anonymous scribcles, but account it your honour to be guided bler. The facts I have stated in that by them. And call no man master upon earth, pamphlet I challenge any diffenter to remembering that one is your master, even deny. Your correspondent asserts, I never Chrift."

was patronized or encouraged as a preacher Thankful, Mr. Editor, for the use of by the diflenters. To confute so infayour Magazine, I readily subscribe my- mous a falsehood, I have facts to lay bedelt, Sir, your obliged humble servant, fore the public, should I think it necef

John HORSEY. sary to adduce them, that would infalNorthampton, Feb. 15, 1798.

libly tend to the confusion and disgrace of the wretch, who has most wantonly

endeavoured (if he possibly had been able) To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine,

to have injured my character and reputa

tion. Suffice it, Sir, to say, at present, I

Suffolk Agriculture, a plan of the Dissenters ; that I was recommended and Rev. Mr. Mosely, of Drinkston, for introduced to that congregation at Highploughing in for manure, the principle of gate, which I served two years, by one of which is excellent ; ploughing in Buck- the most popular ministers among them, wheat after a crop of tares, as a manure

and that I received a trifling fum from and preparation for wheat. There is the Presbyterian fund. These are facts only one objection, as far as I know, to

which I am ready to substantiate whenthis, but it is a material one: of all crops,

ever called upon. As to what

your cortares are the most hazardous to get up for respondent remarks relative to iny Styling fodder, for, if once they are encountered myself the Reverend, I think proper to by a shower or two of rain, you will hardly have as full a right to use it as any Dif

it was first given me, and I ever get them dry again, and being a more fucculent plant than grass, they take senting minifter whatever, as the law so much time to make properly, that they of the land does not allow that title to any must be much exposed, especially when cut Diffenting minifter, and when given him early, as this plant requires. I will ven

it is through courtesy. I am, Sir,

Your humble servant, ture to lay, from experience, that three

* D. RIVERS, times out of four, they will be so

Northumberland Cuffee-House, much damaged, as to be of little


Feb. 5, 1799. worth, and this has prevented many intelligent farmers from meddling with them, unless in small quantities, to cut infert no other letters on the lubject, except

* Having admitted this reply, we shall green for foiling horses, &c. On a large they are fubftantiated by the writer's name. icale they will not antwer. A.N. Y.




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