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IRELAND.

party to the executive directory of France, Bay: they were, however, finally dehas returned to the United States. In a feated, and driven back by the English, letter from Bourdeaux, just before his de- under Captain Moss. parture, he said, he should “ bring with him dispatches calculated to restore har

The proposed union with Great Britain mony between the two ttates;”. Imme. has lately occupied the attention of the diately on his arrival from Paris, he is Irish nation; and it may be said of the said to have waited on President Adams opposition to that important measure as. and the secretary of stat but both refufed the poet said of Fameto attend to his representations, the most important of which, it is rumoureu, was

Viresque acquirit eunds." an offer of the directory to fund the debt S. veral public meetings have been alincurred by depredations on the commerce ready held for the purpose of taking into of the United States.

confideration that lubject, one of the most The legislative assemblies were opened remarkable of which was that of the genon the roth of December by a speech from tlemen, clergy, and freeholders, of the the president, in which he congratulated city of Dublin, on the 4th of January. them on the opportunity they again en

The resolutions entered into on this ocjoyed, through the Divine Providence, of casion state, in strong terms, that fince meeting in the capital fo lately desolated the renunciation of Great Britain to by a dreadful disease. Respecting the legislate for Ireland, and the establimsubsisting differences between the Repub. ment of her independence in 1782, her lic of France and America nothing de- progress in trade, manufactures, and procisive had been effected ; and though the fpcrity, has been rapid and unexampled ; former clearly indicated a wish to impress that the question of an union appears to the public with a notion of its readiness have for its balis the extinction of the ta adjust the subsisting differences, it had separate independence and legislation of not taken the most effectual steps to that Ireland; that too high an opinion ought purpose; he therefore recommended to to be held of the Irish parliament, to the United States a farther continuance of suppose that it would betray the trust those measures of defence which had been repofed in it, by surrendering the free puríued for some time, particularly, that legislation of the country. But if, conof augmenting the American navy. trary to expectation, the parliament should

entertain the question of an union, the In our lait, we noticed the disagree- representatives should be ii Itructed to opment which had taken place between Ge- pole the bill in every stage of its progreis, neral IIedouville, the governor of St. Do- That in electing the representatives to mingo,, and the black seneral Toufaint. serve in parliament, the people had not The latter has fince written to the repre- invested them with a power of dettroying fentatives of the people in France, ftating the contiitution; and that the parliament the impolitic measures, and the arbitrary is incompetent to entertain the question acts, which the former had exercised; and of a legiilative union between Great Bria defending himself against the impudent tain and Ireland. charge which he had brought against him The rebel Holt has lately been ironed, of endeavouring to feparate the colony and put on board a transport for Botanyfrom France, by the aid of troops in the Bay. pay of England, and declaring its independence. He trults in the juitice of the In the parliamentary proceedings of directory, and the impartiality of the two our last number, notice was taken of the councils; and declares, that he will con- bill introduced by Mr. Pitt for the furtinue to facrifice every moment of his life ther suspension of the Habeas Corpus act. to fecure the prosperity of St. Domingo. In the fucceeding difcuflions upon this

An authentic account has appeared of subject, the treatment of the prisoners an uníuccessful attack made by the Spa- confined in the new prison in Cold-bathniards upon the settlers of Honduras, on fields occupied the attention of both the sith of September, by a force con- houses for a considerable time. Some of fisting of a flottilla of 31 vessels, having the members itateri, upon their own obon board 2000 land forces, and 500 tea- fervation, that the unfortunate persons men. Arthur O'Neil, governor-general, confined there were treated with a leverity of Yucatan, commanded the expedition, beyond what either the safety or trans and commenced his operation by attempt- quillity of the prison required; fuch as ing to force à partage over Montego close continement in small and folitary

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WEST INDIES.

GREAT BRITAIN.

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1799.]
State of Public Affairs.

73 cells, for the greater part' oi' every 24 pool argued Mortly but ingeniously in hours, at an incleinent featon, without support of the bill, as a measure founded fire, candle, or even the light of heaven, in found policy, as well as economical in except at the expence of expoting them- point of tince. Lord Holland spoke at Selves to the wind and cold; and that to great lengrh and with great ability against thoie to whom re ding or writing would the bill, as well in a political as a have been a temporary alleviation of their cai point of view: he recapitulated a vasufferings, the use of pens, ink, inciper, riety of objections to the measure, and were denici. They ítronyiy contended, contended that leveral other modes of

ur liku inis, to men who had not raising the money would be preferable, been found guisity of any crire iga nit even admiiting, the policy of railing to the laws of their country, and who were great a part of the supplies within the deprived of a trial to determine their guilt year. To Lord Holland's speech Lord or innocenet, could not be justified either, Aucklanů rtplied at fome length. The by the spirit of the Britiíh cuisititution, Duke of Bedtord excited the attention or the pretent state of the com ry. The of the houte for upwards of an hour by a treatment or Culona Deipard was cited most maiterly speech, which for political in proof of the airove statement.

knowledge would have done credit to the The ministerial live oi the house ex- first statelinen in Europe. The bill was, hibited the inquiries, which had been however, finally paficii. expressly ordered to be made into the The Ipcaker of the house of commons, ftate of that priion, :nu the treatment of on the 7th of January, informed the house the prisoners, and urged that the varions that he had received a notification from results justified them in attirming, that the Bank, purporting, " that the court the priloners were treated with all the of directors had determined that the bank, humanity and indulgence of which the' on and after the 12th inftant, would pay fafety and nature of a prison wouid ad- in cash, during the usual hours of busi. mit: they contended, that talle and ex- nefs, all fractional fiums under five pounds; aggerated accounts had been promulgated and that on and after the first day of by evil-minded persons respecting the re- February the bank would pay cash for all gulation of that place.

notes for one and two pounds value, that After a fruitleis but able opposition, are dated prior to the first day of July the lulpention bild was real a third tiine in 1798, or exchange tiiein for new ones of the coinmous on the 28th of D.cember, the fame value at the option of the and toon afterwards was pafled into a holders. law.

On the 22d of January, a message from Mr. Dundas, on the same day, moved the king was pretented to the house of the order of the day for the third rearing lords by Lord Grenville, and to the house of the bill to exempt voluntsers from of commons by Mr. Dundas, purporting, serving in the supplementary militia: he " that his majesty, having perceived the then moved a clause, obligi g the par- unceasing perieverance of the enemy to ticular attendance of volunteers, to en- feparare Ireland from England, was contitle them to the exemption, unless they vinced that parliament would consider of were prevented from atiending their exer- the nioit cffttualmeans of counteracting cile and duty by ficknes, or any other their deligns. In taking a review of all caule which ihould be deemed fatis at ry the circumstances that had occurred in by the cominanding officer. The claule Ireland, he telt that the parliaments of was agreed to; and the bill was then both countries would proceed to per. prired, and ordered to the lords.

petuate the connection between the two The income tax-bill, which was noticeul coun:ries, for th: common security, and in our latt, underwent several alterations for augmenting the Itrength and resources in its lu »sequent itates through the com- of the British empire." mons, particularly fome mitigations in The inini.terial side of the house

profavour of those who have chikiren. When pored a motion of thanks to his majesty, the order of the day for the third reading to be brought forward the next day, and of the bill in the house of lords was read, that the mellige should be taken into conon the 8th of Janırry, Lord Suffolk arole, fideration on thc Thursday se’nnight, and at some length condemned the mea- which was agreed to. fire, chiefly as bearing partially hard The island of Minorca has been taken upon the landed interest: it would allo, poslellion of by his majesty's forces under he said, be productive of banetul effects the command of general Stuart and come in various points of view. Lord Liver- niodore Duckworth, without any loss. MONTHLY MAG. No, XLI..

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A descent was made, upon that island on and severe action, in which nine men the 7th of November. Previous to the were killed and 31 wounded.

Among landing of the, troops, a small battery at the former were the first lieutenant and the entrance of the bay of Addaya was master ; and captain Jenkins was dangerevacuated, the magazine blown up, and ouíly wounded, as was also the lieutenant the 'guns spiked. Two thousand of of marines. The Ambuscade was carried the enemy's troops approached in seve- into Rochfort. She was built in 1773. ral different directions, and threatened Sir Francis Burdett, in a late visit to

surround the inconsiderable force" the prison in Cold Bath Fields, made which had landed, but were repulsed with many inquiries of the prisoners, in the prefome loss. The English then learned by sence of the keeper, respecting their diet, deserters, that the remaining Spanish forces lodging, and treatment in general. A on the island, amounted to more than four deposition of the keeper, upon oath, ftatthousand men, but notwithstanding this ing the conduct of Sir Francis upon that fuperiority of forcé, they advanced with occasion, was sent to the Duke of Portgreat intrepidity to the walls of Cinds- land, who soon afterwards fignified his della, and lummoned the town to surren- majesty's pleasure to the keepers of that der. In consequence of which, terms of prison, and of Newgate, &c, not to alcapitulation were signed by the English low any further admittance to the said Sir commanders, and the Spanish governor of Francis Burdett into his majesty's prisons. Minorca on the 13th of November. It These proceedings being relative to was stipulated that the garrison were not member of the house of commons, were to be considered as prisoners of war, but immediately laid before parliament. were to inarch out free, and to be conveyed Lord Cainelford, a near relation of the to the nearest port of his most cathoiic chancellor of the exchequer, was brought majesty, at the expence of the English ; from Dover and examined before the privy and also that the inhabitants of the island council on the 13th of January. His should be allowed to continue in the free lordship had hired a vessel, and actually exercise

of their religion, and the enjoy- embarked for France, in breach of a late ment of their property.

act of parliament, but was imrnediately His majesty's fvigate the Apollo, has taken into custody by some persons, who lately been loft on the coast of Hoiland had a previous knowledge of his defign. in thick weather. She struck about seven After several examinations, nothing hos. in the morning and remained in that state tile to the interests of his country appeartill about nine at night, when captain ing in his lordship’s conduct upon this ocHachet stopt a Prussian Hoy which pro- calion, he was liberated in a few days. videntially came up at that time, and The whig club met on the 8th of Jawith the rest of the crew went on board nuary; after the preliminary business, her; a cargo of wine which was on board Mr. Waddington moved, that the memthe hoy, was in part thrown overboard bers of the club, who were of the British to admit the men, and the arrived safe at fenate, should be requested to attend viYarmouth.

gilantly to their parliamentary duty. This His majesty's frigate the Ambuscade, motion was feconded by Mr. Nicholson, carrying 32 guns, captain Jenkins, has but negatived by a great majority. The been captured by the French fhip La principal speakers were Mr. Erskine, Mr, Bayonnoise, mounting 32 guns of diffe- Waddington, Mr. Clifford, and Mr. rent calibres. She was taken after a long O'Bryerr.

Marriages and Deaths in and near London. Margied.] Mr. Rell, bookseller, of Ox- A. Bravo, esq. of the Illand of Jamaica, to ford-street, to Miss Bennett.

Miss Aguilar, of Devonshire-square. AtNewington, Thomas Thompson, esq. of At St. James's, the Rev. John Jolliffe, Blackheath, to Miss Lee, of Dover-place. second ion of w, Jolliffe, ela. Mi. P. for Pea

James Seton, jun. esq. of Upper Harley- tersfield, to Miss Julia Pitches, youngest street, to Miss Mackay, late of the island of daughter of the late Abraham Pitches, esq. St. Vincent's.

of Streatham, in Surry. Mr. W. Elkius, bookseller, of Oxford- At Chiswick, Mr. Carpue, surgeon, of Street, to Mlis Sarah Kirkby, of Howland- Leicester-square,to Miss Holland,of Chilwick. Atreet.

Mr. Davison, of Flect-street, printer, to Mr. Brookes, attorney, of Leicester-square, Miss C. Kearsley, of the same place. to Miss Kemp, of Piccadilly.

At Newington-butts, the Rev. Mr. DickJoseph Blandford, efq; of the Inner Temple, enson, to Mils Adams.

Miss sinkenden, of Somerfct,

At

1799.] Marriages and Deaths in and near London,

75 At St. James's, Piccadilly, Major Hutton, In Newman-street, the Rev. Mr. Ryan, of the royal artillery, to Miss A. Hudson, of chaplain to the Neapolitan ambassador. Sackville-treet.

William Wales, esq. F. R. S. master of At Hackney, Mr. Lucas, of Threadneedle- the mathematical school, Christ's-hospital, freet, surgeon, to Miss Brown, of the Grove. and secretary to the board of longitude. This

At St. James's, Russell Manners, esq. fon profound mathematician failed round the of General Manners, to Miss Catherine Pole world with Capt. Cook, and his efTential sera lock, daughter of the Rev. Dr. Pollock,rector vices are recorded in the journals of that ceof Guttleton, Wilts.

lebrated navigator. He was one of the beft J. P. Rowe, esq. of Brentford, to Miss mathematicians of the age, peculiarly qualiHinton, of Ryegate.

fied for the instruction of youth by his abiliDied.] At his house in St. James's-square, ties and his temper, which he commanded the most noble Arthur Chicheiter, Marquis of with singular judgment. Donegal. He was descended from Sir Arthur Miss Georgina Dashwood, second daughter Chicheiter, lord deputy of Ireland in 1613, of J. Dashwood, esq. of Gloucester-place. who was created baron of Belfalt and viscount Near Vauxhall, Mrs. Barrand, wife of Chichester, and on whore íon the title of Mr. P.P. Barrand. earl of Donegal was bestowed in 1647. The . In Sloane-street, Chelsea, Mrs. Percival, late earl was born in 1739, and succeeded wife of R. Percival, eiq. of Ireland. his upcte in 1758, at the fame time acquiring a In Holles-street, Cavendish-fquare, Mils good estate in England, and without excep- Hitchian, daughter of the late J. Hitchman, tion, the largest income of any individual in esq. of Jamaica. Ireland. He was educated at the university In Scotland-yard, Whitehall, Mrs. Mariof Oxford, which learned body at the encænia anne Matthias, widow of the late V. Mate in 1763 conferred on him the degree of thias, esq. LL. D. At the general election in 1768 lie Ac Stratford-grove, H. Fourdrinier, esq. was returned M. P. for Malmesbury, but of Lombard-street. never made any conspicuous figure either in At Little Ealing, aged 87, J. Wright, esq. that house or the house of peers, nor ever In Berkeley-street, Portman-square, Mrs. interfered much with politics. Being set. Eliz. Bosanquet, relict of J. Bosanquet, esg. tied on his paternal estate at Fisherwick-park, At Kentish-town, in the prime of life, G. in Staffordshire, he lived there many years in A. Akers, efq. third son of the late A. a splendid manner, keeping a pack of hounds, Akers, eíq. of St. Christopher's. and being at the head of a hunting party,

In Parliament-itreet, Dame Rebecca Ho. called for many years the Donegal hunt. This, nora Lewes, wife of Sir Watkin Lewes, kst. as his Lordship was known to be no very good alderman of London. sportsman, was supposed to be with a design to In Drury-lane, Mr. Follett, an excellent keep up a county interest to serve parliamen- pantomimical actor. tary purposes; but in this he was evidently In Upper Brook-street, Lady Char. Bertie, disappointed. However having by his interest eldest daughter of the Earl of Abingdon. in Ireland supported the present miniftry, At his apartments in Greenwich-hospital, when titles were bestowing with a liberal hand, Mr. Daniel Ball, nearly 40 years steward's first Lord Donegal could not be overlooked, and he clerk of the said hospital. was in 1791 created marquis of Donegal and In Hoxton square, aged 77, Mrs. Savage, earl of Belfast, having the year befo:e been widow of the late Dr. Savage : having been gratified with a British peerage by the title of subject to fits the unfortunately fell into che baron Fisherwick. Whether those honours fire in the absence of her scrvant, which ocwill compensate for the injury done to his calioned her death. fortune in Ireland we must leave to his lo Mrs. Ryan, of Grosvenor-place. thip's heir to determine. It is certain that In Upper Brook .street, Mrs. Bromley from a defalcation in his Irish revenue, and Chester, of Knole, in Glouceitershire, widow from fome extravagance of his children, his of the late W. B. Chester, member for the lordship had been obliged greatly to retrench fame county. in his splendid Atyle of living. The marquis At Clapham, aged 21, Miss Copland. has been three times married, first to Lady In Great Ruflell-street, Lieut. G. Young, Ann, eldest daughter of the Duke of Hamil- of the Royal Navy. ton, by whom he had the Earl of Belfast, his In Henrietta-street, Covent-garden, aged heir, and other sons ; the died in 1780; and 73, Mrs. Briggs. his Lordship married, secondly, Mrs. Mafon, At Coonam, Mrs. Freeland. whom he loft in 1789; and next year nar- At Milward-house, Surry, P. S. Webb, fq. ried Mils Barbara Godfrey, his present lady ; In Southampton-street, William Clarke, cn whom, it is said, he has settled the whole esq. of North Shields. di cha fortune which was not entailed.

In York-buildings, Portman-square, Mrs At Hampstead, in his 88ch year, Thomas Young, wife of Robert Young, efq. furgeoa. Rumsey, erg. nearly 70 years á clerk in the In Abingdon-creet, Westminster, Francis Excise-office.

Maclay, csq. many years macebcarer to the At Clielsea, Thomas Pauling erq.

lord chancellors of Great Britain. He was a'

man of great humour and extraordinary viva- continent, and not only acquired confidercity till within five years of his deatli, when able additional knowledge relative to his - he was seized with a depreslion of fpirits, favourite itudies, but became acquainted, from which be never recovered, but lived and established a correspondence with fome reclose in his apartments till the day of his of the greatest men of the age. death.

On his return he married, and had two In Buckingham-street, W. F. Johnston, children, but did not come into the family esq. of the secretary of State's office.

furtune until he was thirty-seven years of At his villa in Hampstead, aged 65, John age, at which time he was settledat Downing. Stuart, esq. a man of literature and science. Having lost his wife, he appears to have

John Beison, esg. one of the senior clerks set out once more for the continent, and to of the admiralty-office.

have formed an acquaintance with Voltaire, Of the late THOMAS PENNANT, Erg. Buffon, Haller, Pallas, &c. F. Ř. S. and F. R. S. U. &c. &c. we buve He had by this time acquired confiderable been favoured with the following particulars.- reputation as a scientific man, having comIt is not a little to the honour of the present menced his career as an author so early a3 age,

that so many gentlemen of liberal for- 1750. His “ British Zoology*” established tune, and respectable families, declining the his reputation as a Naturalist, and this reNippery patlıs of political ambition, have de- ceived a fresh accellion of celebrity in consedicated much of their time, and not a little quence of his acquaintance with Linnæus, of their wealth, to sustain the cause of and his intercourse by letters with all the science, and of literature. This obfervation celebra ed Naturalists in Europe. Bormioll undoubtedly from the affociation of Early in life he liad undertaken a moft inideas, recall the names of BANKS, of WAL- teresting tour to Cornwall, and he' now enPOLE, and of PENNANT to the familiar tertained an ardent desire to suivey the recollection of many readers, who with a sigh works of nature in the northern extremities may perhaps observe, that two of them are of the island. He accordingly set out for no more!

Scotland, and in 1771 favoured the public The last of these, a great traveller and a with an ertertaining account of his" Tour, to great naturalist, cannot be accused as a nig- which was so well received as to pass through gard in his communications, for a long and several editions. active life has been wholly occupied with

Not content with the main land of Great Bis inclinations, his studies, and his literary Britain, he was ambitious to survey the la bours, all of which have either been al- islands in the vicinity, and accordingly peneTaldy laid before, or prepared for the public. trated to the Hebrides, and visited Man.

Mr. Pennant was an Ancient Briton by It is not to be supposed that he would leave birth, having been born in Flintshire, in his own country unexplored; on the con 1726. "His family has been settled in that trary, he minutely described all its wonders. county for many centuries; we learn from He did not fail on this occasion to present the himreif that he received the rudiments of world with the result of his enquiries, for his education at Wrexham, whence he was in 1778 he commenced the publication of his removed to Fulham. Soon after this he was

« Welch Tour.§.” sent to Oxford, and having made a confider- In four years after this (1782) appeared able proficiency in the classics, he applied the account of “ I the Journey from Chester himself within the walls of that university

to London,” in which he retutes the vulgar to attain a knowledge of jurisprudence; but opinion that it is uninteresting ; and in the we do not find that he ever entered himself years more his “ Arctic Zoology,” anad. of any of the inns of court, or followed the mirable work, greatly prized both here and law as a profession.

in other countries. The ruling paflions of mankind are excited, In 1790 appeared a quarto volume, fimply and the future current of their lives fre- entitled " Of London," in which he olan quently directed by trivial circumstances. serves that this work is composed from obOne of the greatest painters of our age was

servations, originally made without any view attracted with an irrelistible impulie towarus

of pulliiatiou. “ Let me request,” says he in his art, by the peruíal of a treatise on it; the preface, “ the good inhabitants of Lonand we have the authority of the subject of dos and Weftminster not to be offended at my this memoir for allierting, that a preient of having Itutted their Iliad into a nutshell: the " Willoughby's Ornithology” at an early

account of the city of London and liberties of period first gave him a turn for natural bir Westminster into a quarto volume. I have tory, which has never once abandoned him condented into it all I could ; omitted nothing through the course of a very long life.

that luggested itself, nor amplified any thing Mr. Pencant commenced his travels with to make it a guineu book. In a word, it is done great proprety at hime, where he made in my own manner, from which I am grown himself acquainted with the manneis, pro

too old to depart. ductions, and curiosities of his native ccun

" I feel within myself a certain monitor Ary, before he luullied forth to inspect those

4 vols. 4io. last edit. 3 vols. 4to. or other nations. He then repaired to the

§ 2 vols. 4to. | 1 vol. 4to.

that

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