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Retrospect of Domestic Literature.... Drama....Voyages, &c.
Kotzebue has widely deviated from.domes- that we were never more disappointed, tic manners. The scene lies in Perul the than in the perufal of this cold and intipid time of action, the æra of the Spanish con piece : subjoined to it, however, are Maquest ! Notwithstanding the incidents and jor André's satirical poem of The Cow. characters are so very remote from those Chace, with the proceedings of the courtwhich occur in the present times, yet has martial, and other authentic documents the author, by the interesting ficuations concerning him. These appendices give a in which his chief characters are placed, value to the pamphlet. by a rapid succession of events, and a deli. Miss HANNAH BRAND's Plays and neation of undisguised and artless lo e, Poems have that tameness and intipidity, contrived to render The Virgin of the Sun which, in screening them from notice; as generally admired as any of his produc- will secure them from criticism. tions. The translations are both of them VOYAGES, TRAVELS, AND TOURS. executed with spirit, and, from their co We here find many interesting and incidence with each other, we may add, very valuable volumes : we shall therefore with fidelity.
pay them all the attention which the nam Toe Noble Lie is a counterpart of the ture of our article will admit. Stranger : it seems that in Germany, as in Mr. SAMUEL HULL WILCOCKE has England, some squeamish muralists ob- translated from the original Dutch, in jected to the reconciliation between Mrs. three octavo volumes, illustrated with Haller and her husband; they thought maps, the Voyages to the East Indies, ly that it would be impossible to place any tbe late Splinter Stavorinus, Esq. Rear-Adsecurity in her repentance, and, of course, miral in the Service of the States General. that the future happiness of the couple Thele volumes, nou become exceedingly would be destroyed. Kotzebue, in the interesting from the circumstance that alpresent play, has represented the recon most all the Dutch settlements in the East ciled pair in the enjoyment of confidence have been taken possession of by the Enand repose : as the husband, however, glish, are curious, moreover, because of perceives that the recollection of her for- the very scanty knowledge which, from mer error disturbs the serenity of his wife's the former commercial jealousy of the mind, he invents a “noble lie,” in order Durch, we possess respecting many of to reduce himself, in her estimation, to her those settlements. We have a curious own level. The Stranger tries to make account of the king of Bantam's houfehold: his wife believe that he had seduced a pea- his majesty's body-guard, and indeed all fant girl, and thus endeavours to put him- such servants as are admirted within the self upon a par with her. This is but a palace,are of the female sex ! Captain STAvery poor trick ; for, if the be a woman VORINUS was present at a grand enterof such feeling and fine understanding tainment given by his majesty to the com: as she is represented, far from enjoying a pany's servants : behind his chair stood one triumph over the degradation of her hus- of his life-guards, armed with a large gold band's character, this degradation would kris, which the continually kept raised on infict additional forrow on herself. If high: two female flaves were seated next those who objected to the immorality of to him on the ground, one holding his tothe Stranger are satisfied with this filly bacco-box and betel-box, either of which, maneuvre, Kotzebue will have succeeded when he wanted it, was handed to him in his intention : and that is enough for wrapped up in a filk handkerchief; and him. Two translations have appeared of the other holding in her hand a gold spitthis piece.
ting-pot for the occasional accomniodation It is truly aftonishing, that, after the of his majesty! The translator of this detection which has taken place, the au- work, which comprises a full and accuthor of Vortigern should still insist upon rate account of all the present and late its being the production of Shakspeare. possessions of the Dutch in India and at This play is published, together with the Cape of Good Hope, has executed his Henry ibe Second, an biftorical Drama, sup- talk with fidelity and diligence. To those posed to be written by the Author of Vortic objects of natural history which Stavorigern. We have no patience to make any nus has described, he has supplied thic comments on such foolish forgeries. Linnean names, and has illustrated the
A tragedy, On the Death of Major An text with many very valuable and interestdré has been imported from America. ing notes. Many circumstances attend the inelancho. Captain CROKER's Travels throug? ly story of Major André, which are so several Provinces of Spain and Portugal afadmirably calculated for dramatic effect, ford more entertainment and information,
than could possibly have been anticipated to the east of it, Staten-land, where he from a prisoner of war, who was prohi. thinks that a settlement would enable us bited from entering into either of the pro to carry on the black whale fishery in the vinces, Cadiz or Seville. It was in the highest southern latitudes : he recommends year 1780 that Captain Croker, with his Staren-land as a rendezvous both for men regiment, failed for Jamaica on board the of war and merchant ships. On the 10th Morant, a merchant thip, with sixty or of July, spermaceti whales were seen in seventy other vefsels, escorted by his ma the island La Plata : towards the end of jesty's ship the Ramillies, and was taken, August, in latitude 16° 13', he saw sevetogether with nearly the whole convoy, by ral more, and killed three of them: the combined fleets of France and Spain. “ These whales were very poor, having The governor of Cadiz, the Conde “ scarce blubber enough to float them on O'Reilly, would not suffer any of the " the surface of the water; and when officers to enter that city : they were con Ainched, that is, deprived of their fat, ducted to Xeres, and thence to Arcos, a " their carcases funk like a stone. They town in the interior of Andalusia, where “ yielded altogether but fifteen barrels of lodgings were provided for them among “ oil.” Captain C. was disappointed in the inhabitants, who are represented as his expectation of meeting with spermaparticularly hospitable and kind.--Arcosceti whales off the southern parts of Cali. was selected by the Conde as the place of fornia ; he fell in with several, and killed residence for the English, left the officirs four between Cape Dolce and Quito, ar should injure ibemselves by extravagance; which latter place he touched, and found and Captain Croker fays, that the gover- ftill the huts itanding which are mentioned por thowed infinite judgment in his selec- in Ludlinson's voyage. The general rendeztion, for if any spot in Spain could incul. vous for these whales he conceives to be cate temperance, it certainly must be Ar- off Albemarle ifle (one of the Galapagos), ços; here are neither taverns, coffee. where he saw great numbers of them, houses, nor places of public entertainment and killed four. Captain Colnet supposes of any kind. Beef, says he, is the colour that they come hither from the coasts of of mahogany, not quite so hard; but as Mexico and Peru, and the gulf of Pathe bullock has nothing to feed on but nama, in order to calve ;, and he advises ftraw and barley, the meat is incredibly all whalers to cruise becween the southtough. It will not excite surprise that the end of Narborough isle and the rock RoEnglish were considered as a luxurious dondo. Captain Colnet was twenty-two people, when Captain Croker tells us months on his voyage, during which pethat he never saw a Spaniard drink more riod he loft but one man, and that man by than a single glass of wine, and that the an accident, out of his whole crew, notcommon beverage of the natives is water, withstanding every individual, at one cooled with ice from the Ronda, a lofty time, was more or less affected with that range of mountains between Arcos and dreadful disorder, the yellow fever : a Gibraltar. The Condè O'Reilly is said circumstance which is in the highest de10 have declared that the English in An gree presumptive of the captain's care dalusia, about one hundred persons, ate and attention. This work is, in many remore beef, and drank more wine, than spects, a valuable publication.; and it is the camp at San Roque ; and I verily be. with regret we mention that it is diflieve, says Captain Croker, it is true! graced with numerous grammatical inac
Captain COLNE'rt has published a nar curacies. In the journal of a sea-officer rative of his Voyage to the South Atlantic, we do not look for the precision of a phiand round Cape Horn into the Pacific lologist; but inaccuracies, which any
liteOcean, for the purpose of extending ibe rary friend would have corrected, are Spermaceti Whale-Fibery, and other Objecis juftly considered by the public as an af. of Commerce," &c. &c. Captain Colnett, froni. in consequence of a nomination for that Mr. MUNGO PARK, the abstract of purpose by the admiralty, sailed on the whofe travels into Africa, printed by the 4th of January 1793 in the Rattler, a African Association, we mentioned at some floop of war of 374 tons burthen, having length in our jaft Retrospect, has now a crew of 25 persons, men and boys, published those Travels in a single quarto and a whaling-master, on board. He dous volume. The editor of that abstract, bled Cape Horn on the 11th of April, however, made to very judicious a selecand is of opinion that the beginning of tion from the original minutes of Mr. winter, or winter itself, is the best season Park, that but little additional matter is for passing the Cape. There is an island to be found in the present publication. It
Retrospect of Domestic Literature... Novels and Romances.
whers is anxiously to be hoped, however, that The Castle of St. Donats, evinces its au
this circumstance will not prevent those thor to be a man of talents and observawho are enabled to purchase this volume, 'tion : we cannot say that we have much
from contributing their mite towards the reason to think fo of the author of an hischire encouragement of so sagacious, intrepid, torical romance, entitled, The Castle of Da tbe is and indefatigable a traveller.
Beeston; who in jumbling together fiétion Majɔr TAYLOR has published, in two and fact, has produced a very motley and the e octavo volumes, Travels from England to inconhftent story. faris India in the Year 1789, by the Way of Ty Mr. Surr has selected for the subject of die rol, Venice, Scandaroon, Aleppo, and over of a novel the story of George Barnwell:
the great Desert 10 Bufora. Major T. is it is scarcely possible for a writer to do
Norman Banditti, or the Fortress of Con.
The honourable Mrs. MURRAY'S Com- what elaborate, and the narrative is simple panion and useful Guide to the Beaulies of but not deftitute of incident. Scotland, to the Lakes of Westmoreland, Mr. CHARLES LAMB's Tale of Rofa. Cumberland and Lancashire, &c. is a work, mond Gray and old blind Margarei is one which, in point of utility, convenience, of those tender and pathetic Iories which and entertainment, has been surpassed by insinuate themselves into the most obdu. many others of a similar nature.
rate bosom, and for the moment excite its Novels and ROMANCES. reluctant sensibility: it evinces a most MADAME DE Genlis, whose fasci. pious and benevolent disposition, and if nating pen has so often been employed in put into the hands of children, whom it the cause of virtue and morality, has will certainly delight, it cannot but be at. written a novel which has just been trans- tended with advantage. laced into English: Rash Vows, or the Ef Mrs. ROBINSON'S False Friend, as a feets of Enthusiasm. The defign of the novel, has most of the faults which belong prefent work is to show “ the dangerous to her Walsingham: the characters are consequences of excessive delicacy and ex- extravagant, the incidents crowded and treme sensibility:" to point out the necesi perplexing, and the style diffuse: as a dosity of governing the passions, and of mak- mestic story, in which the author tells the ing our finest feelings, and most amiable tale of her own woes, it excites our finaffections, fubfervient to the mandates of cerest sympathy. reason. There is so much inanity, or, Mr. 'D'ISRAELI, whose satirical novel, perhaps, mischief, in many of our modern Vaurien, deservedly gained him the repunovels, that it is highly grateful when tation of a lively and acute writer, has such a one as the present comes before us, lately published a volume of Romances; they which we can recommend to the attention display a rich and luxuriant imagination both of mothers and daughters, with con- and the only fault have to find with fidence of their approbation.
them is the style in which they are write Helen Sinclair has merit: although it ten. There are many grammatical errors, affords no striking display of character or but these do not hadf fo much disgust us, variety of incident, yet it has the sterling as the affected and pedantic phrases which merit of being favourable to the interests occur in almost every page: we had much of morality and religion.
rather see Mr. D'Israeli in a plain genteel
drab-coloured coat, than decked ridicu- material alterations from the original. As lously in a holiday fuit all bespangled with is generally the case, he has altered for the filver, and befringed with gold-lace. worse.
We cannot speak in terms suficiently A spirited and correct translation, by indignant and contemptuous of Mr. WAL- Mr. KENDALL, has appeared of ST. KER's Vagabond: this piece of folly, ma- PIERRE's very beautiful little tale, Tbe levolence, and buffoonery, is a professed at. Indian Cottage. tack upon what is called the system of Margarită, a novel in four volumes, has new philosophy. Mr. Walker, armed cap- in it a great many romantic and myftea-pie, enters the field to destroy the doc- rious incidents : it has pot, however, those trines of " political justice:" it would be extravagancies and absurdities which often uncandid to suppose that he had never fill the pages of such works; and if the read the work which excites his wrath; author of the present had been content but it is certainly most truc, that he does with two volumes instead of four, his nonot understand it. Not satisfied with ex- vel would have been better than it is. posing his ignorance, however, by an in A translation has appeared from the discriminate attack upon those doctrines French, of Letters written from Lausanne ; which are common to “ political justice," they are elegant and interesting in a high and to every system of morality which we degree: in the second volume particularly, have yet seen or heard of, namely, the there are some instances of affection which absurdity and criminality of duelling, the link deep into the heart. doctrine of universal sincerity, dic. Mr. The first volume of Canterbury Tales Walker descends to characterise the ado was written by Miss Harriet LEE ; a sevocate of the modern philosophy as an cond has fince appeared, the production of atheist, a highwayman, an asfallin, and Miss Sspbia LEE. The story of the two every thing that can be conceived bad. Emilys occupies the whole of this yolume To complete the whole, he has made his and does credit to the taste and talents of work infamous by fome allusions to Mrs. the fair author. Should this joint worke Godwin, of the most indelicate and brutal he prosecuted, Mifs S. Lee may perhaps kind.
pay inore attention to correctness and fim. The Victim of Prejudice is a novel in plicity in her language : that of the pre ewo volumes, by the author of Emma lept yolume is too florid, Courteney : it is a pathetic and inftructive Mr. Moser, in an oriental romance, story, displaying its author's strong natural entitled, The Heimit of Caucasus, pursues powers, and an unreftricted freedom of the same object which has given value to thinking, which to some timid spirits may his former productions, namely, the inculgive displeasure. We confess that with cation of moral principles. The present us Miss Hays is a favourite author, al- work enforces the importance and necef. thought in the present volumes, if we had fity of a firm reliance on the wisdom and time and rooni, we could point out several goodness of Providence, parts which are objectionable.
The Libertine has more of the romance, The powers of KOTZEBUE are not in it than of the novel : it abounds with confined to the drama: in our laft Retro, the most horrible of horrors. The author, fpect we noticed a novel of this author, however, has a fertile imagination, and and since that time the translation of an gives evident proofs of a capability to other has appeared, The confiant Lover, or write fomething which may do him more William and Jeannette : it abounds with credit.. the most exquisite touches of tenderness Mrs. West's Tale of the Times is an and delicacy, and is, in thort, worthy of the attack upon the new philofophism. The pen of Kotzebue. To those volumes is author of this novel has already diftinprefixed an account of the literary life of guished herself as a writer; and the prethe author.
fent work will by no means injure the St. Julien is a translation from the Ger, reputation which ihe has acquired. man of AUGUSTIN LA FONTAINE: it. Sketches of Modern Life; or Man as be evinces the author to be a man of ability, ought 10 be, is superior to the ordinary run and is, in many respects, interesting. of novels: the object of the author is to There is an affectation of sentiment, how expose the evils of illegitimacy, which he ever, which disgusts us.
does with success. The Natural Son has been translated We have seen a great number of novels from the French of DIDEROT; and the which are not worth the trouble of enutranslator has taken, what appears to us, meration : our readers must be content the very ynwarrantable liberty of making yith the tides of a few more. Mr.
Retrospect of Domestic Literature.... Educationta
543 YOUNG's Rosemount Caftle, Miss Hunt. their inferior stations in life, without any ER's Ella, or He's always in the Wa; ungenerous mementos from us? Muft we Toe Heir of Montague; Miss PORTER'S bow them down ftill nearer to the earth, O&tavia has fome tolerable verses in it and from the characters of servants reduce Toe Aristocrat is a ranting political novel; them to that of flaves. What evils can The Confilions of a Beauty, from the arise from the intercourse, we do not say French, and Gomer and Eleonora, transe the familiarity, between scrvants and childlated from a Spanish manuscript, are both ren, in any degree comparable to thofe of them highly immoral and indecent. which must obviously and almost inevitably, EDUCATION.
result from such a supercilious lesson of Miss MARIA EDGEWORTH is also aristocracy as this is ? May we be allowed ready known as the author of fome very to transcribe a paflige from Mr. Godwin's sensible Letters to Literary Ladies, and The Enquirer? it is admirably adapted to the Parent's Afiftant: the has now, in con; prefent question : “ We are afraid of the junction with her father, Mr. RICHARD improper lessons which our children Tould LOVELL EDGEWORTH, published, in learn from our servants; what fort of lela Iwo quarto volumes, a system of Practical son is it that we reach them, when we Education. It is obviously incompatible hold to them such language as this?. It is with our plan to afford our readers any a lesson of the most infufferable infolence thing like a sketch of this system, which and magisterial aristocracy, that it is poshas nothing in it visionary and theoretic, Gible for any language to convey. We but, on the contrary, which has for its teach them, that they are themselves a foundation a series of experiments made precious species of creatures, that must not during the course of twenty years: we be touched too rudely, and that they are can only say, in general terms, that the fenced round and defenced from the compresent is one of the most liberal, scientific, mon accidents of nature. We show them and practical plans of education that ever other human creatures, upon whose forecame under our notice; and we hold that head the system of the universe has write person to be utterly inexcusable, who shall ten the appellation of man, whose lignbs undertake the conduct and education of outwardly seem to be formed in the same youth without making himself acquainted mould, but upon whom we think proper with these volumes. In speaking with to fix a brand, and attach a label with this this unreserved commendation of Miss inscription, Come not near me: In the ex, Edgeworth's performance, however, it uberance of our humanity, perhaps, we must not be understood that we assent in- inform our children, that these creatures dividually to every principle and opinion are to be tenderly created, that we muß laid down in it: we do not by any means; neither scratch nor bite them, and that, there are several against which objections poisonous and degraded as they are, we may be fairly urged, and there are some must rather soothe than aggravate their from which we entirely dissent. Verum calamity. We may shake our heads in arubi plura. nitent, baud ego paucis offendar rogant compassion of their lot; but we maculis. The chapter on Servants strikes must think of them as of the puppy-dog us as being by far the most exceptionable in the hall, who is not to be touched, der of any in the work : Miss E. trembling cause he has got the mange.” Whatever that all the care and instruction which the faults, however, there may be in Mifs bestows in order to rear up her children Edgeworth's system, there are so many with strict religious notions of honour, in- excellencies in it, that, we repeat, no one tegrity, and truth, should be counteracted who undertakes the education of youth by their communication with a set of per- thould be unacquainted with its general sons in whose breasts these notions, these principles. delicate sensibilities, are not very folicit Miis HANNAH MORE's StriElures on ously cultivated, proposes, not that cautious the modern System of fimule Education, is and restricted intercourse which, indeed, a work written with great powers of lanwe all of us acknowledge to be necessary .guage, and abounding in admirable rebetween servants and children, but the pro- marks on the vitiated manners and lenti. poses a total separation between the two, monts of the times, especially among those as being the only certain way of avoiding of higher ranks, to whom it is peculiarly contamination. What are not children addressed. That the females in this class sufficiently quick in discerning and in, ex. require a monitress of the fevere and rigoercising their superiority over servants rous cast of the lady who here takes them without
any aslistance on our parts? And in hand, we are not disposed to deny. To are not servants sufficiently sensible of bumble their vanity by' rid cule, and break