Изображения страниц
PDF
EPUB

ments.

Retrospect of Domestic Literature... Agriculture. 529 volume treats of Arithmetic, Logarithms, Dundas's elementary treatise: namely, Algebra, and Geometry; and the second, Instructions for forming a Regiment of Inof Trigonometry, Conic Sections, Mecha- fantry for Parade of Exercise, together witb nics, Hydrostatics, and Fluxions. It ought the eighteen Monceuvres, as ordered to be to be observed, that, although the title-page practised by bis Majesty's Infantry Forces, of this work feems to imply that it is accompanied by Explanations and Diachiefly intended for the use of military grams. gentlemen, yet it is by no means confined The Light Horse Drill is an useful work, to military topics, but, on the contrary, describing the several evolutions in a may be extremely useful to every one who progreflive series, from the first rudiments is engaged in a course of mathematical to the maneuvres of the squadron :" the studies.

descriptions are illustrated with copperThe Regius Professor of Mathematics in plates, which are executed with much the University of St. Andrews, Mr. Ni- neatness and accuracy. CHOLAS VILANT, has abridged for the A second edition has appeared of Capuse of students, with demonstrations and tain REIDE's very excellent Treatise on ibe explanatory notes, The Elements of Ma. Duty of Infantry Officers, and the present thematics analyzed, to which he has added System of British Military Discipline. a fynopsis of the fifth book of Euclid. Mr. Rose, junior (M.P.) is said to be This most useful little work, which con- the anonymous translator of Instructions tains but an hundred and eighty pages, for Hufjars, and Light Cavalry, acting as was printed, as the preface informs us, such in Time of War. Mr. R. has prefixed upwards of twenty years ago, and since to this little work a fensible and modest that time has received from its author va- preface, and has enriched it moreover with rious alterations and material improve- a variety of useful notes,

This is to be considered as the The last work which we have occasion outline of a large and important work, to mention under the head of Tactics, is which the author promises, of Mathema- a translation from the German, entitled, tical Analysis: we fincerely hope that he The Officers Manual in the Field; or a Semay meet with no interruption in the pro- ries of Military Plans, representing the fecution of his laborious undertaking: Mr. principal Operations of a Campaign. In this Vilant, in his Appendix, has reduced with volume are sixty plates, very neatly and singular ingenuity and neatness the fifth correctly executed, together with perspi. book of Euclid's Elements into the lan- cuous explanations. But it is time that we guage of algebra.

should turn our swords into ploughshares, Mr. Howard has published A Trea. and proceed to the arts of tise of Spherical Geometry, containing its

AGRICULTURE AND HUSBANDRY. fundamental Properties, the Doctrine of its Mr. PARKINSON of Doncaster has Loci, ibe Maxima and Minima of Spheres, published, what he tells us, in the titleLines, and Areas, with an Application of page, is " an entire new work,” The exibose Elements to a Variety of Problems. perienced Farmer, in which “ the whole This work is extremely valuable to the system of agriculture, husbandry, and learner; the arrangement is good, and the breeding of cattle is explained and copia demonstrations, generally speaking, are at ously enlarged upon, &c.” Mr. P. in all once elegant and perspicuous.

probability is a good practical farmer : Mr. MANNING has published the se- but he attempts to philofophise without cond volume of his Introduétion to Arith- being sufficiently qualified for the talk: metic and Algebra; it evinces the same his work is deftitute of arrangement and accuracy, acuteness, and perfpicuity, which precision : he sometimes expatiates on gave such merited reputatio.i to the first. common-place particulars, and does not TACTICS.

always pay sufficient attention to things of An Elucidation of several Parts of his importance. These volumes, notwithstanda Majesty's Regulations for the Formation and ing all their defects, contain much valuMovements of Cavalry has lately been able information to the practical farmer : printed for the War Office : it is reported he will here find some good hints toward to have been drawn up by Colonel Le economy in the management of horses and MERCHANT, from the elementary in- cattle, &c. Mr. P. is not aware how unstructions of General DAVID DUNDAS, favourable an effect has egotism, or he in his Cavalry Movemenis: this latter would not speak so much of himseif. work is out of print.

M: Wright has publi Thed The Art of The following publication, moreover, is floating Land, as it is pralileu in the faid to be written in elucidation of general County of Gloucester : he conceives that the

[ocr errors]

little und

right method of floating is very

Nature and Nations, the introductory derstood, and attributes to a misconception Discourse to which, illustrative of the of this right method the frequent failure general plan which he intended to purof those who have tried the experiment. Tue, Mr. Mackintosh has offered for pub. After having stated what he considers to lic perusal. This introductory discourse, be the primary object of floating,-namely, whether we consider it in point of style, to procure a deposit of manure by the wa. matter, or arrangement, is equally ex. ter used, and by the water at the same cellent. The very eloquent writer, after time to shelter the land from the severity having given a concise history of the of winter,-Mr. W, tells us, that the progress and present state of the science chief essentials of the art are, that the wa- which he is about to illustrate, after ter be made to flow over the surface of the having enumerated the able authors who land an inch deep during winter, and that have written on the subject, and pourno part of the water shall be made upon a ed forth with the ore rotundo Ciceronis, dead level. This latter caution seems to an encomium on the versatile genius, the have been unnecessary, for it is obvious profound learning, and the unwearied that water cannot flow over a dead level industry of Grotius, proceeds to sketch surface. Mr. W. recommends the depth the outlines of his lecture. He divides of an inch; for if it be deeper, and the his subject into fix parts, each of which course of superfluous water be continued is separately considered : in the first for several weeks, the grass, unable to en. place he proposes to enter into an exdure a long immersion, will be destroyed; amination of the faculties and the habits if it be lets than an inch, so much water of the human mind; in the second part is not used as might be effectually strained he considers what is our practical dury: and fifted by the grass, so much mucilage here Mr. Mackintosh oblerves, that alis not collected as might be, nor is the most all our relative duties arise out of land so completely sheltered as is necessary the two great institutions of property and practicable. On the whole, this essay and marriage. Having established these may be read with advantage.

as the fundamental principles of private We are happy to see that Mr. MAR- morality, he proceeds to an examination SHALL has not yet retired from his la- of man, in the third place, as a subbours : he has published The Rural Eco- jcct and sovereign, as a citizen and manomy of the Soulbern Counties; comprising gistrate : in this division of his subject, Kent, Surrey, Suflex, the Isle of Wight, the the learned lecturer proposes to investiChalk Hills of Wiltshire, Hampshire, &c. gate the forms, and notice the partiThe present work evinces the fame dili- cularities of the most celebrated governgent and sensible observation which di. ments of ancient and modern times, clor. ftinguithed his former productions, and it ing his investigation with an account of is written on the same plan: it is worthy the Constitution of England. Mr. M. of remark, that Mr. M. attributes the re- will, in the fourth place, discuss and enspectable character of the yeonianry of deavour to lay open the general princi. Kent to the law which is yet prevalent, of ples of criminal and civil law, and will gavel-kind. An interesting portion of enter into a comparison of the codes of these volumes is that which relates to the England and of Rome. The law of culture and management of hops in the nations, strictly and properly so called, district of Maidstone, Canterbury, and will be the subject of the fifth section : Farnham: Mr. M. has given a very clear and, as an important supplement to his and judicious account of the cultivation of plan, he purposes, in the sixth and laft this valuable plant, and has occasionally place, to offer a survey of the diplomatic suggested what he considers to be im- and conventional law of Europe, with an provements. The great objection to this account of the treaties of Westphalia, of work is the unnecessary elaboration of the Oliva, of the Pyrenees, of Breda, of materials : the matter might certainly have Nimeguen, of Rýswich, of Utrecht, of been compressed into a single volume, and Aix-la-Chapelle, of Paris (1763), and that volume would have been superior in of Versailles (1783). Such are the outvalue to the present two.

lines which, in his lectures, Mr. MackinJURISPRUDENCE.

tosh proposes to fill up. Various as are In pursuance of an order of the Ho- the acquirements, deep as is the learnnourable Society of Lincoln's Inn, Mr. ing requisite, we cannot suffer ourselves MACKINTOSH, in the early part of the to question the competence of the lectupresent year, commenced a course of rer to succeed in his arduous undertak Lectures on the Study of the Law of ing. Who but must with success to a

man

Retrospect of Domestic Literature... Law.

531

enumerate

man who says, “ I fall feel a great con- As a sequel to this volume, Mr. B. has it folation at the conclusion of these lectures, in contemplation to publish A Sketch of the if, by a wide survey and an exact exami. Practice of the Ecclefiaftical Courts, with nation of the condition and relation of some Cafe's determined therein in Ireland, human nature, I shall have confirmed but and some useful Directions to the Clergy. one individual in the conviction that juf- In the confined sense of the word, there tice is the permanent interest of all nen, have lately been but few books of and of all commonwealths. To discover

LAW one new link of that eternal chain by published. We shall

the which the Author of the universe has most material of those which have re. bound together the happiness and the warded our search. The first part of duty of his creatures, and indissolubly volume viii. is published of Reports of fastened their interests to each other, Cafes argued and determined in the Court of would fill my heart with more pleasure King's Beach in Michaelmas Term, 1798, than all the fame with which the most by C. DURNFORD and E. H. East of ingenious paradox ever crowned the most the Temple, Efqrs. as is the fourth part eloquent fophift?"

of Melirs. BOSANQUET and Puller's The Icarned professor of civil law in Reports of Cafes, &c. in the Court of Comthe university of Dublin, ARTHUR mon Pleas in Trinity and Michaelmas Browne. Eiq. has published, A com- Terms 1798. Both these works do great pendious View of the Civil Law, being credit to the reporters; they are continued the substance of a course of lectures with much fpirit and accuracy. which he delivered there. Mr. B. states Mr. Bevill's Treatise on the Law of his principal object in the publication of Homicide and of Larceny, at Common Law, the lectures to have been the evidence of is stated to be part of a large work his industry; he was desirous of the wing which for several years he has been prethat he did not with to enjoy the emolu- paring, and which was intended to conments of his office without undergoing tain the law upon all the offences usually the fatigue of it. With this view he has tried at the allizes. The present treatise laboured hard in his vocation---GO THOU relates to two offences, upon which, says AND DO LIKEWISE. A large propor- Mr. B. there are many points that have tion of our legal gentlemen are very in- been but inaccurately stated, and many sufficiently acquainted with the Roman which are still open to litigation : he has jurisprudence : Mr. Browne attributes therefore endeavoured to extract all the this defect, " not to want of diligence, principles by which the law as to these but to the nature and quantity of the offences is governed; he has given a treatises on the subject, for in quantity and distinct explanation of the law upon mannumber they are abundant." In order to Naughter, in ail its cases; and, as far as facilitate the acquisition of a knowledge depends upon the law, has succeeded in at least of the leading doctrines of a sci- explaining the precise distinctions between ence “ which was never despised but by that offence and murder. In this valuthose who were ignorant of it,” Mr. able work, Mr. Bevill has exhibited a Browne considered that a work written great deal of acute discrimination. The in the method and order adopted by Mr. chapter on duelling is an excellent one. Justice Blackstone in his Commentariis Mr. TOMLINS of the Inner Temple on the Laws of England, might intice (Editor of the Law Dictionary), has the student of the common law to culo published A digested Index to the Seven tivate an acquaintance with this more an- Volumes of Term Reports in the Court of ciunt code. The present work is indeed King's Bench, containing a concise Statement a compendious view of the civil law, fo of all the Points of Law determined in that much so, that the author has thought it court from Michaelmas Termi, 26 George necessary, not indved to apologise but to III. 1785, to Trinity Term 38 George III. Itate his reasons, for its brevity: to those 1798, inclusive, with Tables of Reference who are already well versed in the science, to the Names of Cajes, Statutes cited, &c. it can only be of ule as an abridgement The neceffity of an index to these reports in ucljumenium memoria ; and those who was very obvious : Mr. Tomlins has supare deterred by the prolixity civilians plied the desider

im in a copious, acfrom the study of their works, who either curate, and methodical manner. have nus fufficicot tiine or not sufficient The author of Tbrugbts on the Law inclination for the purpose, have certainly of Forfeiture anul Parliamentary Attainder no right to oljeet avaint the breviry and for H 3b Trcafon, as applying to the Bill comprelied nat.er of the pretta work. (then) depending in the Irijă Parliament,

is

is an advocate for the forfeiture of pro- father's cows. This Bristol gentleman perty, but not for the corruption of the asserts, that he was afterwards inocublood of attainted persons. This pam- lated for the small-pox, and had it in so phlet evinces a great deal of knowledge great an abundance that his life was for and found sense.

some time despaired of. If this statement MEDICINE.

be accurate and true, the cow-pox must In our last Retrospect we noticed with immediately fall into disrepute : but at some particularity Dr. JENNER's in- present it is very far from being suffigenious Enquiry into the Causes and Ef. ciently authenticated to deter practitioners fects of the Variolæ Vaccinæ; we are from making experiments on the influence happy to find that lince that time, the of the disease. The Medical Journal disease has undergone the examination contains the earliest information on fub. of various practitioners. Dr. PEAR jects of Medicine, Surgery, Chemistry, son, from an opinion that the observa- Pharmacy, Botany, and Natural History, tions of Dr. Jerner were not sufficient- and promises to be an useful and interly numerous for the establishment of all esting work. that it was intended they should prove, Dr. HOOPER, of Pembroke Col. has taken great and most laudable pains lege, has coilected from the most apto make himself master of the subject, proved authors, and published, A compenby collecting information from various dious Medicine Dictionary, which will be parts of the kingdom : the information found very serviceable to students and here collected is strikingly corroborative of practitioners; it contains an explanation the efficacious influence of the cow-pox. of the terms in Anatomy, Physiology, It has been observed, however, that whe- Surgery, Materia Medica, Chemistry, and ther this disease be spontaneously gene- Practice of Phyfic, arranged in alphaberated in the cow, or accidentally commu- tical order. nicated to it, in either case it should be Mr. Brown's Treatise on Scropbyuniversal, where-ever there are cows, and lous Diseases bears evident marks of consequently that it should be known not juvenility. Mr. B. treats with a very unmerely in England, but in France, Gere becoming and impertinent contempo many, &c. This certainly is not the case; many men whose learning and abilities the disease is totally unknown even in are beyond all comparison fuperior to his many parts of our own country; it is own. As he grows older he will procomputed that in the vicinity of London bably feel ashamed of this hafty and conare kept about fix-thousand cows; and yet, ceited work. from the inquiries of Dr. Pearson, it In à very useful pamphlet entitled seems that the cow-pox was very little Medical Dicipline, Mr. ALEXANDER known among them.

STEWART has published some rules and The Medical and Physical Jurnal, an regulations for the more effectual preincipient work of much merir, under the servation of health on board the honourgeneral superintendance of Drs. BRAD- able East India Company's ships : the LEY and WILLICH, commences with an regulations proposed are given under the account of the cow-pox extracted from following heads : attention to cleanliness, the publications of Drs. JENNER and air, diet, rest, exercise, clothing, and gePEARSON. Dr. BRADLEY informs neral remarks. Mr. Stewart warmly us, that the disease broke out about the enforces the strict obiervance of religilatter end of December among the herds ous and moral duties among the scamen, of several milk-farms in the environs of as having a falztrious tendency; a proLondon : very few of the milkers-on a per idea of religion, he observes with single farm, one only out of tivo hundred great juftness, tends to introduce clean-received the infection. A fufficiency of liness, sobriety, and good order. matter, however, was collected for inocu. teaches obedience, and a faithful and relation : and this experiment was tried on gular discharge of their respective duties : a number of persons, of the age of two it produces a serenity of mind; banishes weeks and upwards, all of whom took the melancholy, discorxtent, and all the train disease, and passed through it without of depressing affections; and thence conbeing confined by it a fingle day. A leto tributes to the improvement and preserter from Dr. SMS is inserted in the vation of health.” The perusal of this first number of this work, stating that a little work will amply reward the readgentleman of Bristo!, now eminent in the law, caught the infection twice when he We are enabled to speak in terms of was a lad, and uled to milk fome of his approbation of a work written by Mr.

ELLIOT,

16 IC

er.

Retrospect of Domestic Literature... Medicine.

533

ELLIOT, Surgeon in the African and raged there. It ought to be mentioned Weft-India Merchants' service, entitled, that the translator has taken the vnjutti. The Seaman's Medical Advocate, or an at- fiable liberty of making many alterat ons rempt to show that 500 seamen are an- and omillions from the original work. nually, during war, loft to the British To Dr. Jackson's Ouiline of ive HifNavy in the West-India Merchants' fer- tory and Cure of Fever, endemic and convice and on board ships of war on the tagious, &c. is added An Explanation of the West-India station, through the yellow Principles of Military Discipline and Ecofever and other diseases and means, from nomy, avitb a Scheme of Medical Arrangecauses which, he conceives, are both un- ment fir ibe Army. This work is in a connected with the misfortunes of war great measure to be considered as a le. and the dangers of the sea, and which quel to the treatise which Dr. Jackson are most of them capable of being ob- published fume years ago on the fevers of viated. The yellow fever, he says, is Jamaica and tie intermittent fever of frequently introduced into the royal navy North America. The present ingeni. by impressing men who have been wan- ous work has a more parricular relation dering on fhore, and who by intempe- to the contagious fever of jails, ships, rance and exposure to the night-air have and hospitals, and the yellow fever of contracted the disease before they are the Wett Indies. raken. The obvious remedy for this evil Doctor CLARKE's Medical Strixtures would be the abolition of that tyrannous contain A concise and effectual Merbod of and most cruel practice. As this aboli- curing-all forts of diseases; for each of tion, however, is not likely to take place, which the doctor vends an infallible, and Mr. Elliot recommends that the impreff. doubtless a very profitable noftrum. ed, and those who are employed on the In our arrangement of Domestic Li. impress service, should be lodged in houses terature, had we made a compartment in the most dry and healthy part of the for incomprebensibles and extravagancies, islands, and there be decained under the we should have been almost inclined to care of a surgeon until it can be ascer- have placed in it The Leatures of Doctor tained that they have not caught the 'in- de Mainaduc. This most strange volume fection. Mr. Elliot states a variety of -a quarto volume containing only 230 other causes of the mortality among the pages-is charged five Guineas in boards, feamen in the West-India service, and by Miss PRESCOTT, the executrix, proposes such plans as he conceives may who without doubt confiders, very jusly, effectually refiit them.

that, how extravagant soever might the A translation has appeared from the doctor be, those who buy this book must French of Dr. CHARLES DE MERTEN's be infinitely more extravagant than himAccount of the Plague wbichraged at Moscow self, and therefore can prefer the charge in 1771. The reason which items to have with a very ill grace. It is impossible for induced the translator to publish this work us to give our readers any idea of this in the English language, is the danger work without entering into it more largeto which he conceives we are exposed, of ly than our limits allow ; unless any idea importing the pestilential contagion from is conveyed when we say, that the present America; for he believes that almost all is almost such a work as might have been physicians are now agreed " that the yel. expected from the pen of MARTIN low fever is the plague, with such modi. VAN BUTCHELL. fications as are easily referable to differ- To medical inen who practise in a ence of climate and different niodes of warm climate, may be particularly reliving. He is of opinion, moreover, that, commended a very ingenious and usein executing the hostile operations now ful work, by Mr. J AMES ANDERcarrying on in the Mediterranean, it is son: it is entitled A few Facts and scarcely possible for our fleet and armies Observations on the Yellow Fever of the to keep clear of contagion. In the present West Indies, by which it is thewn that there volume is given a narrative of the rise' bave exified inuo Species of Fever in the and progress of the disorder, together Weft- India Islands for sevcral Yeurs past with a detail of the methods employed in indiscriminately called Yellow Fever, but Moscow for extinguishing the contagion, which have proceeded from very different and more particularly of the means by Causes, with ibe Success attending ibe Mewhich the Foundling Hospital, situated thod of Cure. in the centre of the city, and containing THOMAS BROWNE Esq. has invited 1400 persons was preserved from the per- Dr. DARWIN to breake à lance with silence during the whole of the time it him, by the publication of some ingeni.

MONTHLY MAG. XLVII.

3 Z

OUS

« ПредыдущаяПродолжить »