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ment, which owes fo much to his fervices. and his friends, who are described as fu. Such treatment, as is here described, ex- pereminently virtuous. Manuel, who cites feelings, to which an Englishman, saved the king's life by the sacrifice of his with shame be it spoken ! DARES not give own, forms no exception; it is not won

derful, therefore, that Mr. PAINE's vote Mr. Pugh has published the third edi. on the trial should procure for him no fation, considerably abridged, for the pur- vor or respect. Far from it, very far pose of reducing its price, and extending from it: Mr. Paine is insulted in a man. its circulation, of the Remarkable Occur- ner grofs, vulgar, and contemptible ; but rences in the Life of Jonas Hanway, Esq. As fortunately in a manner so gross, fo vul. this is an instručtive and amusing work, gar, and so contemptible, as to reflect diswe are happy to see this republication grace only on the author. These biogra, of it.

phical memoirs, as they are called, will of Mr. THOMAS COMBER has compiled course have a momentary circulation ; but from the original manuscripts of his great they will sink into merired contempt, and, grand-father Dr. Comber, Memoirs of the if the author is fortunate, into speedy obo Life and Writings of that dignitary. In livion. this volume is a great deal of dull genea

Mr. HICKMAN has published, in two logic detail, which scarcely any one out of large octavo volumes, Memoirs of tbe Life the family will think himself interested of Charles Macklin, Esq. principally compiled in perusing. The execution of this work from bis own Papers and Memorardums, is not entitled to very high encomium : &c. &c. The date of Mr. Macklin's nabut the author merits praise for the motive tivity has been long the subject of dispute; of his publication, namely, to hold up the the veteran himself used to infift that he character of an amiable, learned, and was born in the last year of the last centupious man as a model for imitation. ry. This, one would think, was pretty

An interesting volume has been pub. good authority : it does not, however, salished of the British Public Chara&ters of tisfy his biographer, who contends that he 2798. The authors of these biographical was a much older man ; that, when he sketches have been laudably diligent in was thirty years old, having engaged their collection of authentic materials, himself in a company of strolling coand their publication is in no way conta- medians, the greater part of whom were minated with the violence of party-spic younger than himself, and better qualirit.

fied in their profession, Mr. Macklin felt Mr. SEWARD, the compiler of Anec. himself ashamed of his inferiority, and dotes of diftinguifsed Persons, has lately hesitated whether he hould not give out published a similar compilation, entitled that he was ten years younger than he acBiograpbiana. We do not feel much dif- tually was, for the purpose of palliating posed to felicitate the public on the num- his inequality. A circumstance occurred ber, which within these few years has during this hesitation which foon decided encreased fo much, of anecdote books; the the business. The heroine of this compafame stories are repeated over and over ny was a most beautiful girl of nineteen, again in similar, if not the fame, language. and her charms were not loft upon Mr. Many of the anecdotes which compose M. who, feeling that the disparity of. these volumes (there are two), have been their years might be an impediment to rold before. It must be acknowledged, their union, resolved at once upon an eli. However, that Ms. Seward is above the fion of ten years from his life." Whether ordinary class of compilers; for most of his Mr. Macklin in his latter days really forkories are selated with a degree of spirit got this youthful mancuvre, or whether and vivacity, which keeps alive the atten- he did not choose to acknowledge it, can. tion, and affords entertainment to indolent not now be decided. It will very propergad unfrequent readers.

ly be inquired what authority has Mr. Mr. ADOLPHUS has published two vo- Hickman to dispute the truth of Mr. M's. lumes of Biographical Memoirs of the own statement relative to his age ? Mr. H. French Revolution in a strain of such brings forward no written documents, but decided and extravagant partiality, as to relies on the oral evidence of the widow of sender him entitled to but very meagre Mr. Macklin, who is now alive, and who credit. Among all the characters of whom asserts, from the recorded testimony of Mr. A. has given the biography, there Mr. Macklin's mother and his nurse, that is not an individual whom he does not re- he was born about two months before the gard as utterly execrable, except the king battle of the Buyne: this battle was fought

Retrospect of Domestic Literature... Classical Literature.




in June, 1689. William M.Laughlin, the possible, exceeded in variety and stratafather of old Shylock, who softened the gem by her political machinations : The Irish patronymic into Macklin, com, was known in every court of Europe, and manded a troop of horse in the army of the king was accellible only through her James the Second on that memorable day: On the death of his majetty the his fond wife partook the fortune of her was immediately arrested; and there is evehusband, and, with the infant in her arms, ry probability that she will be kept in conencountered the dangers of an engage. finement during the remainder of her days.

The royal army was routed, and Mr. HUTCHINSON's Biographica MeCharles was conveyed from the scene of dica, &c. is a careless compilation from action in a turf-kish * to a diftant part other dictionaries : he acknowledges himof the country, where he lived almost self to be under particular obligations to without food for two days, in confe- the authors of the General Biograpbical quence of the absence of his mother who Dictionary: but who, from lo loose and nursed him, but was affording consola-' general acknowledgment, would conceive tion to her afflicted husband. Such is the that he had taken nearly two hundred lives story here told of Mr. Macklin's birth : if verbatim from that valuable work, partiit be true, at the time of his death that cularly after having stated, that in the veteran must have been above 107 years of execution of his own," he has not reage! and he must have acted on the stage curred to dictionaries only, nor contented within seven years of his death. These himself with supplying the defects of one volumes which, as we before stated, were dictionary from another, and cutting off compiled chiefly from Mr. Macklin's own the redundances of all, &c. &c.” There papers and memorandums, contain a suc- is something extremely disingenuous in cinet history of the stage during a period such a measure as this is, and, we may add, of one hundred years, they contain his extremely simple; for it was absolutely criticisms on Garrick, Quin, Foote, &c. impossible that the plunder of fo large &c. With such materials before him, a a booty from the Biographical Dictionary biographer must have been dull indeed not should pass undetected and uncensured. to have made his volumes entertaining : CLASSICAL LITERATURE. we are not disposed to compliment Mr.

Mr. MORRIT has published a very Hickman'very highly on the execution of learned and conclusive Vindication of Hoa his task: his style is very careless and flo- mer, and of the ancient Poets and Historians venly, and the reflections which he now wbo bave recorded the Siege of Troy; in and then makes are such as would come Answer to two late Publications of Mr. Brya. from a school-boy.

ant, with a May and Plates. It is more A biographical memoir has been trans. than thirty years since Mr. Bryant's diflated from the German, entitled, The sertation was written; and it is fince that Confilion of the celebrated Countess of Licht- time that M. Chevalier has made the ceenau, late Mrs. Rietz, now confined in the lebrated discovery that the modern issue Fortress of Gloglau as a State Prisoner. of the Scamander is artificial; a discovery These confeffions are said to be drawn which removes all the geographical difca from papers and memorandums found in culties of the Iliad, and totally fubverts possession of the countess at the time of her the bold hypothesis of Mr. Bryant. Mr. arreft: now, as these confessions relate the Morrit traced the discovery of M. Chevacircumstances of her arrestation, it is in. lier on the spot, and, in cominon with disputable that some part of them must many other English gentlemen, Mr. have been written after that event. The STOCKDALE, Mr. DALLAWAY, and countess was the daughter of a trumpeter: Mr. BERNEY, gives positive evidence of herself and her sister were brought up to its accuracy. Mr. Morrit has treated his the trade of prostitution by their own mo- adversary with all the candour and urbather; they were both kept by the late nity which are due to his deep learning king of Prullia before he ascended the and venerable age. throne ; and the subject of the present bio- It is with pleasure we are enabled to graphy preserved her unrivalled sway, announce the fourth and fifth volumes of after the period of his ascer-fion, to the day Mr. CARR's translation of the Dialogues of his death. Her amorous intrigues, va- of Lucinn; it is so long a time since the rious and deep as they were, were, if former volumes appeared, that we began

almost to despair of seeing the work ** A kind of basket placed on a car, and used brought to a conclufion. Mr. Carr has, principally for the purpose of conveving turf however, concluded his work, and with irum the bog; tu the habitations of the lith.” honour to himself ; his iranilacion is free, MONTHLY MAG. XLVII.

3 Y



sometimes even paraphrastic; and he has Rev. R. Lyne: this is one of the most taken many liberties with the original fimple, easy, and excellent introductions to which some persons may think not quite the study of the clasics that we know of: justifiable: but we presume there are not it is divided into three parts; the first conmany who will regret that some of the taining rules for construction (which it has low buffoonery and licentiousness of Lu- long been lamented are very insufficiently cian are omitted in this lively and spirited furnished in our school grammars) ele. translation.

gantly from the Latin poets : the second Mr. M*Cartney, minister of old part áffords rules of position, teaching the Kilpatrick, has translated The Treatise of classic way of writing Latin with regard Cicero de Officiis with fidelity, but without to the arrangement of words according to much elegance : he has frequently illui- the peculiar idioms and customs of the Latrated the text in his notes and obser- tin tongue: the third part into which this varions in a manner suitable to the capa- very useful work is divided, contains a cities of young perfons.

large and plain description of the Latin It may be proper to mention that Messrs. verie, and of the many kinds of compofi. ROBINSONS have fplendidly republished, tion in verse, a sammary account of Te. both in quarto and octavo, Brotier's accu- rence's metres, and a more minute one of rate and valuable Edition of Tacitus. metra Horatiana. The present edition

(the second) is revised and enlarged by the A duolecmo volume has been pub- author. lihed by subscription, entitled, The Sync- The title-page of Mr. CRABB's Com.. iure of the Engl:/h Lunguage, exhibiting an plete Introdueiim to the Knowledge of the easy and familiar Methoil of acquiring a German Language betrays a degree of grammatical Knorulette of its constituent confidence and self-fuperiority which is Purts. A work of this kind is particularly very unbecoming: Mr. Crabb's grammar is useful to foreigners, and to them indeed it respectable, but far from being so complete is principally addreslca. On the whole it as he is willing we should imagine. will be considered as a useful perform- The Rev. Mr. TASKER has published ance, although perhaps the method might a second edition of his Series of Letters to have been made somewhat more " easy a profeífional Friend, examining the several and familiar ;' the typographical errors, Wounds and the Deaths mentioned in the which greatly perplex those for whom this Iliad, the Encid, and the Pharsalia of Luwork is intended, are utterly inexcusable. can, and trying them by the Tij of Anatoiny

L'Abbé Tardy, late M.A. in the uni. and Pbysiology. Mr. Tasker has executed verli'y of Paris, has published, in French this laborious undertaking with consider. and English, An explanerrory pronouncing able dexterity. The present work, howDictionary of the French Language, wheruin ever, is not confined to this single subject : tx exači sound and Articulation of every Mr. T. treats on a great variety of subSyllable are diftinétly marked according to jects connected chicfy with criticism and Mr. Walker's Merbod. This work has physiology. every appearance of being likely to prove NATURAL HISTORY AND an useful alliftant to the study of French :

PHILOSOPHY. it seems to be executed with industry, We cannot more properly introduce ability, and accuracy.

this article than by noticing the publication Mr. Owen has published the fourth of Traits relating 10 Natural Hiftory, by the part of his Welsh and English Dictionary. President of the Linnæan Society: some This laborious and useful work is now of these tracts have already been before the conducted to the end of the letter 1. public, but they are now, for the first time,

Mr. SEYER, of Corpus Christi college, collected into a volume. The first article Oxford, has published a very ingenious is a translation of Linnæus's preface to the differtation 01 tbt Syrtar of the Latin Mufæum Adolphi Frederici, a work con: Veró. He states in his advertisement, taining descriptions of the various natural that this volume is only a small part of productions in the museum of the then what is intended to be an entire grammar king of Sweden : its date is 1754. The of the Latin language, which, if the pro- fecond article is as originally published in fint should meet ivith approbation, he de- the first volume of the Linnæin Tranfacrigas to accomplish. We lincerely hope tions : it is a general outline of the prothat he will not be discouraged from tlie grefs of natural history. Observations on complerion of his purpose.

the irritability of vegetables forn-the fub. We can speak in terms of the highest ject of the third paper, which Dr. Smith approbation of The Lotin Prin:er, by the read before the Royal Society in 193.



Retrospect of Domestic Literature...Fine Arts.

527 The fourth, fifth, and fixth articles ap- plates; with an Appendix, coraining Obpeared in the Analytical Review: the first servations on Peat, Kelp, and Goal.Mr. of these is a critique on Mr. Curtis's Bo- Jameson turns not to the right-hand or to tanical Magazine: the second, on Dr. Ber- the left: “the outline,” says he, " which kenhout's second edition of his Synopsis of I now lay before the public may be the Natural History of Great Britain; and thought tedious; it is true, I have not the third, on a work published by S. Ber- followed the plan of a medley, having adtezen, entitled, “ Thoughts on the differ- hered entirely to mineralogical observaent kinds of Food given to Silk Worms, tions, without deviating in any instance to and the Possibility of their being brought general subjects which distract our atten. to Perfection in the Climate of England, tion, and please the fancy without any real founded on Experiments made near the advantage.” It may well excite surprise, Metropolis.” The next paper was read that a work thus purely fcientific should be before the Linnæan Society in 1789: it is the production of a youth, who, at the time the review of a fpurious Durch edition of he made his mineralogical tour through Linnæus's Systema Nature. The remain- the islands, had numbered only eighteen der of the volume is tive most interesting years! but is undoubtedly true. part of it: it conhits of defcriptions, illur- Dr. HARRINGTON has published Some trated with coloured plates, of fome newviy new Experiments, with Observations, upon instituted genera of plants in New Hol- Heut, clearly shewing the erroneous Frinland. They are the following : I. Spren- cipies of the French Tbeory: aljo a Letter 10 zelia, of which there is only one fpecies, HENRY CAVENDISH, &c. In this phithe S. incarnata, a fhrub, of about two feet lofophical farrago the author has incorpo. high; II. Wefiringin, of which the only rated ftri&tures upon fome late chemical known species is the W. rosmarinitolio, a papers in the Philosophical Transactions, thrub very much branched, and with leaves The Doctor quarrels with all modern growing by fours; and, lastly, III. Boa philosophers and chemists, and talks to ronia, of which four fpecies are described, them in a tone of vulgarity and imperiousnamely, B. pinnuta, serruluta, parviflora, ness which will effectually feeure him from and polygali fulia. On the whole, the con- their animadveríiors in reply. tents of this volume will be extremely in

, teresting to the naturalist, although many is intended as an elucidation of the Linof them are certainly not new.

næan system. Some of the plates are well Mr. ABBOT's Flora Bedfordienfis will executed; and indeed they may be said to be considered hy the botanist as a valuable constitute the chief value of the work. addition to his library : Bedforddhire, al

The Second Part of the Philofopbical though one of the finallest counties in Tranfuftions of the Royal Society of London, England, produces a vast diversity of plants. for ihe Year 1798,” is published, containMr. Abbot in the present work has de. ing, as usual, many papers of high value. scribed, as growing wild there, no less than The third volume of the Transactions of 1,225 plants! These are arranged accord- the American Philosophical Society held at Phia ing to the Linnæan system; and, where ladelphia, for promoting useful Knowledge, the author observed any peculiarity, he is also published; and it is highly pleasing has made such remarks as will tend to to remark, that cach volume exceeds the illustrate it. In the present work are six other in the variety and importance of its plates; the following plants are figured matter : in the present, there is a great in then : alchemilla vulgavis; convailaria deal of what is at once curious and useful. majalis; viola paluftris; hydnum imbrica- Under the head of tum ; peziza cornucopioides; and lycoper

FINE Arts. don carpobolus. It could have been wished We


without impropriety notice the that Mr. Abbot had selected for engraving, republication of Mr. Mason's Esay on plants less generally known than most of Design in Gardening : this essay was origithese are: but the labours of Mr. Abbot, nally published in the year 1768, when the it is to be hoped, will not stop here. subject on which it treats was new; since

It is with great pleasure that we re- that period, the labours of Walpole, Gilmark the rising genius of a Scorch gentle, PIN, and PRICE(of the latter more particuman, who is treading with rapid steps in larly in our estimation) have contributed in the same path which Werner and Kirwan forwarding its progress to perfection. Mr. have trodden before him. Mr. JAMESON Mason has not viewed these labours with an has published An Outline of the Minera- eye of indifference; in the present republogy of the Shetland Islands, and of ibe lication he has very confiderably augmentIsland of Arran, illustrated with Copper- ed his original essay, and has, moreover,

3 Y 2 incorporated incorporated a revision of the following of the fine Arts, to preserve among us and works which have apprared upon the sub- transmit to Pofterity, the Portraits of the ject : Observations on Modern Gardening; most distinguished Characters of England, the elegant poem, entitled, The English Scotland, and Ireland, since his Majesty's Garden; the Village Memoirs, a novel, Acce{fion to the Torone ; also to give Encoucontaining strictures on landscape garden- ragement to Britis Artists, and to enrich ing; Walpole's Treatise on Modern Gar- and adorn London with some Galleries of dening; and Price's Efay on the Picine Pictures, Slutue!, Antiques, Medals, and resque. An appendix is added on Bowers, other valuable Curiosities, without any ExThewing them to have been retired cham- pence to Government. Mr. Defensans' bers or residences, and not arbours, as Mr. plan is to appropriate the British Museum Walpole supposes them to have been. to the purpose of receiving portraits of

Mi. Barry has published A Letter io eminent men, and specimens of art: the the Dilettanti Society, respecting the Obten- exhibition to be open nine months in the fion of certain Matiers necessary for the Im- year, and to be inspected by the public at provement of Public Tafte, and for accom- large on the payment of a fixed fum. He plishing the original Views of the Royal is of opinion, that the expence of the inAcademy of Great Britain. This is the last ftitution would be defrayed by the curiotime that Mr. Barry will fign himself, fity of the public: this is much to be " R. A. Professor of Painting to the Royal questioned. “An open exhibition of this Academy.” It is well known, that his fort, moreover, would almost of necessity Majesty has thought proper to erase, with interfere with the retirement of the prehis own hand, the name of Mr. Barry sent Museum. Why should they have any from the list of Royal Academicians ! But connection with each other? why not it is not for us to make comments on a erect separate galleries for the admission of measure of this fort. Mr. Barry's style of these portraits? The hint, however, which writing is not the most courteous and con- Mr. Defensans has thrown out is worth ciliating; he ridicules, with a degree of attention : that government should name asperity not very palatable to the subjects the subječts who are to be honoured with of it, the subscription formed by indivi- a place in this gallery is, perhaps, excepduals to learn the Venetian colouring, as tionable :

: government would soon have if it were dull mechanism. He afterwards the nomination of the artists, and the whole enforces, with much and very honourable scheme would presently degenerate into a zeal, the importance of a collection of mere job. ancient art, that scholars may attain ex- M. CONSTANT DE MASSOUL's Trea. cellence by studying the master-pieces of tise on the Art of Painting, and the Compotheir predecessors. Mr. Barry breathes lition of Colours, &c. is a compilation from an enthusiastic prayer for the salvation of Fresnoy, Depiles, Leonardo da Vinci, the papal government, as the asylum and &c. The object of the present publication repository of all the arts which humanise is to inform the public that the original society. The pontifical republic at Rome author has a manufactory in Bond Street, he styles the universal treasury and where ladies and gentlemen may be furnishtheatre for the culture and support of the ed with every article necessary for painting education of Europe; where throwing and drawing. From the present subject aside all privilege, rank, and claims of fa- we proceed to mily and primogeniture, every thing was

MATHEMATICS. devoted to the general promotion of intel- Dr. Hutton, professor of mathemalect. All its honours, and rewards, its tics in the Royal Military Academy at mitres, purple hats, and tiara, accessible to Woolwich, has published, in two 8vo. voall, to every condition, where superior lumes, A Course of Mathematics, which he worth and ability could be found, diffused has composed, and more especially designed, such a spirit throughout Europe as was for the use of the gentlemen cadets in that best calculated to wrestle with the brutal useful inftitution. Dr. Hutton's eminence ferocity of the dark gothic ages, and sooner in this branch of science has been univeror later could not fail of being attended sally acknowledged, and the present work with the most extensive salutary effects.” will by no means derogate from the celeIn this letter to the Dilettanti Society, Mr. brity which he has so arduously earned: the Barry has incorporated some interesting object which he seems to have had chiefly anecdotes of Mr. Burke, Sir Joshua Rey- in view is such an one as must lay every nolds, Mortimer, Hussey, &c. &c. pupil under great obligations to him: it is

NOEL DEFENSANS, Esquire, has pub- that of rendering easy and familiar a most li fhed A Plan, preceded by a short Review difficult and abltruse subject. The first

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