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Retrospect of Domestic Literature... Irish Politics.

519

of 1745:

lished many replies : Mr. Rudo's is de.. which they will derive from enlifting un. sultory, and at present incomplete ; Mr. der the banners of our English premier : JEBB's is particularly worth attention ;; this noble writer has the ignorance is his arguments are strong, and he reasons can be nothing else) to charge the humbled with great temperance. The good effects catholics of the present day with a spirit of the Scorch union are triumphantly of intolerance and perfecution ! Tung in the ears of the Irish. Mr. Jebb A member of Lincoln's Inn has pube affirms that his country is, at fresent, in a lished some Legal Arguments occafioned by more flourishing commercial state without the Project of an Union, &c. on ibe Exclúe the union, than the Scotch are with it, foon of the Roman Catholic Nobility and Gen. who, by the bye, reaped no advantage try in borb King doms from Parliament., froin that measure till after the rebellion This is a very able performance. The

But after all, “Whar," asks author recommends the repeal of those Mr. Jebb, “ has the Scorch union done? laws. by which Roman Catholics are ex. " Are not the sixteen peers generally con- cluded from seats in the legislature of “ fidered to be nominated by the ministers Great Britain and Ireland ; and the acts “ And are the forty-five commoners ever of parliament are ingeniously discussed “ found in a minority?"

which bear any relation to the subject. Sir JOHN JERVIS, in his Letter to the Cease your Funning is a lively squib, Gentlemen of England and Ireland, on the wherein the author attacks Mr. Cooke's Expediency ofta Federal Union between the Arguments for and against a Union, confi. two King dors, warmly opposes the mea- dered, in a train of severe irony. sure, but does not urge any arguments

To Mr. BINGLEY's E.ramination into which are new or uncommo'ı against it. the Discontents in Ireland, &c. the author

The author of a pamphlet, entitled, has added a plan for the tranquillisation of Neceflity of an incorporate Union between that kingdom. Mr. Bingley, who, from Great Britain and Ireland, proved from the a residence of fourteen years in the counSituation of both. Kingdoms, is a very able try, had certainly very good opportunity advocate for the cause which he has of forming a judgment of its political fi. espoused : he has taken a very comprehen- tuation, is decidedly of opinion that the five view of the subject, and his argu- Roman Catholics, particularly the peae ments merit attention.

santry, never can nor will bear paciently We cannot say so much of those which the riches with which they are now borne the same author has adduced in favour of down. He thinks that the removal of the Competency of the Parliaments of Great this galling and oppreffive burden would Britain and Ireland to incorporate their Le speedily produce tranquillity and fatisfac. gijaturs. It appears to us that nothing tion. Mr. B's pamplet contains much in. fort of a national assembly, delegated by formation, and evinces him to be a man of the people for the express purpose of con- judgment and observation. solidating the two legillatures, can have a Dr. Duigenan's Answer to the Ado right to adopt fo important a measure. We dress of ibe Right Hon. Henry Gratton, &c. have the authority of Mr. LOCKE on our is, perhaps, as coarse and fcurrilous a publie fide ; and we must be of opinion that the cation as can disgrace the press : Mr. author of this pamphlet, when he invests GRATTAN is grossly insulted: he is acthe legislature with the attribute of abso. cused of inviting to rebellion, and motives lute and uncontrolled supremacy, utters a of action are imputed to him, whicn if libel against the majesty of the people, the doctor could prove in a court of jure

The Right Honourable CHARLES Visa tice to have existed in his mind, might be count FALKLAND has published. fome attended with very fatal consequences to Congderations on the Competence of the the culprit. If Mr. Gratran fhould conParšiament of Ireland to accede to an Union descend to take any notice of this pam. Toitb Great Britain, in which the same fide phlet, he would probably think it right to of the question is taken, though not in fo use the argumentum baculinxm in reply. perenptory and imperious a manner, Dr. M NEVIN is the reputed author of

A robleman has published Three Letters a pamphlet, entitled, A Demonstrotion of to a Noble Lord on the proje&ted Legislative the Necesity of a Legislative Union of Great Union, &c. wherein he thows himself to Britain and Ireland, &c. The objet of be very ill qualified for the discusfion : it this pamphlet is to excite the urmest pofis curious enough that he says the present fible indignation against the measure and

can never have the national the authors of it. confidence ; arguing, doubtless, on the fu- The Report is published of the debate perior independence and respectability of the Irish bar, which took place on

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Sunday

legislature

Sunday the gth of December, 1798, on cuted, and, both as to style, and the ar. the subject of the union : after a long and rangement of materials, the work is ex. animated disculfion it was resolved by avery tremely respectable. great majority, “ That the measure of a The Rev. Dr. MILNER'S Dissertation legislative union of this kingdom (Ireland) on tbe modern Style of altering Catbedrals, and Great Britain is an innovation, which as exemplified in the Catbedral of Salisbury, it would be highly dangerous and impro- is written with more warmth than seemed per to propose at the present juncture to necessary for the occasion. Mr. WYATT'S the country.”

alterations in the cathedral of Salisbury But our readers will, perhaps, think have been the subject of very eager conthat we have dwelt on Irish politics long troversy; the admirers of that gentleman enough : it may be so; but we have not speaking concerning them in terms of alenumerated half the pamphlets which most rapturous encomium, and the oppo. have been written on them; we are not fite pariy treating them with a degree of aware, however, that any have escaped asperity and contempt no less extravagant. us, which, for acuteness of argument or

The chief accusation adduced in the preexcellency of composition, might be enti- sent instance is the defacement of the motled to respect.

nument of bishop Poore, the founder of Mr. SPENCER's Thoughts on an Union the church; a neat engraving of which should be mentioned, however, as worthy monument is given in the tract. Such a of perusal : Mr. S. is of opinion that the violation does seem an act almost of unprosperity of Scotland, which is vaunted hallowed rashness. to have been the consequence of her union Mr. Dyde has published a second edi. with England, is rather to be attributed tion, with considerable additions and corto the progress of national improvement rections, of The Hiftory and Antiquities of throughout Europe, and to the industry Tewkesbury: to this instructive and enterof her people.

This opinion is not to be taining work are now given some addi. despised.

tional engravings of yery respectable exeTOPOGRAPHY AND ANTIQUITIES.

cution. The Rev. Mr. Shaw has published Of the following work, the title page the first volume of the History and Anti- is so ample, that the transcription of it is quities of Staffordshire, compiled from the sufficient. manuscripts of Hurlback, Loxdale, Bi- Specimens and Parts, containing a HifThop Lyttleton, &c. &c. The present tory of the County of Kent, and a Diseriavolume of this very curious and valuable tion on the Laws from the Reign of Edward work contains the ancient and modern tbe Confeffor to Edward the First; of a Tohistory of twenty parishes in the hundred pographical, Commercial, Civil, and Naue of Offlow, arranged geographically, with tical History of South Britain, with its graan appendix of the most curious charters, dual and comparative Progress in Trade, &c. It has a copious index, and is illus- Aris, Population, and Shipping, from autben. trated with fixty-two copper-plates. tic Documents, by Samuel Hensbal, Clerk,

Mr. DAVID MACPHERSON has now M. A. &c. It is with the greatest plea• first published, with notes, a glossary, sure that we assure our readers they will &c. De Oryginale Cronykil of Scotland, be not be disappointed in their expectatior Andrew of Wyntown, Priowr of Sanet Serfis of a work which evinces the most labo yncbe Loch Levyne. Winton's Chronicle rious research, and a very uncommon ao will certainly be an useful addition to the quaintance with the early history of our library of the historian, the lawyer, and laws and policy. the antiquariau. Mr. Macpherson will Mr. Mooke, a fellow of the Ania receive their thanks : but his pedantry in quarian Society, has published A Lis of making “confusion worse confounded," "ibe principal Castles and Monafterie in and obfcurity more obfcure, by the affect- Great Britain. The counties are placed ed introduction of Saxon letters into the in alphabetical order; and such buildings as text, will expose him to just derision, as Mr. M. esteems to be particularly vorth will his plagiarism from Mr. Pinkerton notice he has distinguished by an a serisk. to equally just reprehension.

Our author, from iketches of his own, has Mr. HINDERWEll's History and An- given two beautiful vignettes, one d Lintiquities of Scarborougb and its Vicinity, in disfarne cathedral, and one of Cawdor addition to its intrinsic worth, is a valua. castle: these sketches are executed with ble work, as being the only history that so much elegance and spirit, that we are we recollect of this fashionable place : the sorry Mr. Moore was not temptel to enviews and plans are neat and well exe- large the number of them.

A Sura

Retrospect of Domestic Literature....

Theology.

521

A - Survey has been published of the voke the thunders of his church, when province of Moray, in which are very he says, that such persons as reject the ably delineated its historical, geographical, application of reason do, in fact, make and political features : this work is the religion utterly impossible; and if reason joint production of two clergymen, ap- is to be used in religious subjects, then, pertaining to the diocese, both of whom as far as any matter is unintelligible, fo are well versed in the history of their na- far it cannot be any part of religion?" tive country: the two first chapters, the We look upon this as a very judicious and former treating of the ancient inhabitants, sound remark, but surely it is dangerous and the latter of the antiquities of the and heterodoxical from a clergyman of province, are written by the Rev. Mr. the church of England. GRANT, of Elgin, a gentleman acknow. Mr. JESSE, in his Differtation on the ledged to be one of the best genealogists Learning and Inspiration of the Apoftles, laand antiquaries of the north. The two bours earnestly, and we think successfullast chapters, the former treating of the ly, to prove that the apostles were by no prefent state of the province, and the lat- means so ignorant as has been generally ter of the state of agriculture, roads, &c. supposed : what he says concerning the are furnished by the Rev. Mr. Leslie, inspiration of the apostles, may by some of Darkland, a gentleman who, to the few persons, perhaps, be deemed deficient knowledge of the theory of agriculture, in orthodoxy. adds the best information respecting its A paftoral Charge delivered by the Bi, progrels in his own neighbourhood. Mr. shop of Salisbury to the clergy of his dio. Leslie tells us, (under the head of the cele, lamenting the activity of Diffenters, Parift of Speymouth) that the poorest of and the increased number of licensed the people have all their children taught preachers, registered in the diocese within to read, and most of the boys are taught the last year, has excited a number of poalso arithmetic, and to write. Such care

lemic pamphlets. of the instruction of the poor excites the Mr. WANsey, a very respectable Dis. wonder of us South Britons, many of senter, published A Letter to ibe Bishop, in whom, if we contribute a parsimonious Defence of wat be considered to be the insubscription to have the children of our jured and insulted Cause of the dissenting Inparithes taught finging at a Sunday school, tereft. felicitate ourselves on the progressive im- This letter has been replied to by a provement which our generosity has ex. “Country Curate,” who published some cited! This is not meant as a general re- Remaks on it, contending, not indeed that flection on Sunday schools ; but we know the clergy of the Etablithed Church have, that many of them are conducted on such or ought to have exclusively, the right of narrow principles, that their most obvious communicating public instruction, but that effect is to make the children hang down they have a right to oppose zeal to zeal in their heads when the clergyman or the whatever concerns the ministry of Christ. clerk passes by them. The Rev. Mr. One cannot bút observe that the country OLERENSHAW's opinion as to the mode curate is fighting against a shadow, for no of managing Sunday schools, we have one has denied the right of the clergy to too much reason to believe is not fingu. oppofè zeal to zeal. This defence of the lar*: it is the wretched policy of this alarmed diocesan is conducted with very country to keep the lower orders in ig- becoming respect to the able author of norance, lest they should be unfitted for the letter against him. their fituation in life. Mr. L. adds, “ that We cannot say so much of the Stricpoor-rates are not known in this country tures on a Letter, 66. by a Critic, who (Scotland); yet with such labour as speaks with an arrogance and contempt, themselves are able for, all are, by volun- 'which recoil on himself. tary charity, provided with the necessaries

A gentleman, who signs himself G. W. of life : very little is suffered by want, has addressed to Mr. Wansey A Rowland there is no abuse, and little temptation to for an Oliver. This is a lively 'aniidleness."

mated letter, but is very deficient in point

of argument: the author labours hard Mr. LUDLAM's Six Esays upon tbeo- to defend the ceremony of consecrating logical, to which are added, orvo upon moral colours from the charge which has been Subjeéts, evince some acutèness and inge- preferred against it of impiety and profanuity. Does not the worthy rector pro- nation. We are of that number, who,

in contempt of the decrees of an episcoSee our last Retrospect, page 513.

pal fynod, consider the offering of a

blood

THEOLOGY.

blood-devoted banner of a banner the “ By a lover of purity in religious emblem of misery and destruction, as worfhip,” who has pub.ished a pamone of the most gross and daring insults. phlet, ihowing, The Divine Institution of which can be offered to the throne of David's Pfalms, and the Unlawfulness of Mercy,and Omnipotence.

using uninspired Hymns in Divine Wors Mr. Wansey has had several oppo- jwip? nents, and he may have had several de- Dr. MACLAINE has published an ocfenders; we know of but one. This tavo volume of Discourse's on various Subgentleman, who styles himself “ A friend jeals, delivered in the English Church at the to civil and religious liberty," has pub. Hague. They are scarcely subjects for cri. lished a pamphlet, entitled, Rigbts of ticism : they preserve such an uniform Discusion, or a Vindication of Difjenters of mediocrity of style and sentiment, that every Denomination, wiiba Review of be there is nothing to praile : whether their Controversy, Sc. The ground which is inutility and inadequacy, even to amuse, is here cholen is certainly tenable, but we a sufficient ground for censure, we do not cannot think that our author has taken dererinine. cvery advantage which his position would Mr. Pratt, whose prospectus of a allow. : He has our hearty thanks, how- quarto polyglott bible we mentioned in a ever, for vindicating, in the best manner former Retrospect, has now altered his he is able, THE RIGHTS OF DISCUSSION: plan, and published the Prospectus for an there is nothing intolerant in asserting, octava Polyglott. The material alterathat that man who is an enemy to these tions which have taken place are, first, rights is a coward ; he is afraid of discuse the reduction of the price from twelve fion; he is afraid to meet his adversary, guineas to seven pounds; secondly, the and therefore he skulks into the dark re- Hebrew text is printed with an elegant ceffes and the labyrinths of mystery, type ; and, thirdly, the accents are omit

A very useful compilation has lately ted in the Greek. Mr. P. in his appenbeen published at an easy price, entitled, dix, complains of the treatment which his The Universal. Restoration, exhibited in a former prospectus received from the Bria Suits of Exiracts from some of the most . tis Critic, and repels their objections. remarkable Authors who bave written in Dr. SMITH's Lectures an tbe Nature Defence of that intercfiing Subject. The and End of ibe Sacred Office, &c. &c. are authors, whose works are laid under con- written with much piety and earneftness : tribution, are. Winchester, White, Seig: the occasional introduction of allegory en. volk, Chauncv, Newton, and Petit, erre. livens his discourses, and, oa young minds,

Mr. BROWNE, late of Sidney College; is likely to make the happiest imprellion. Cambridge, has published an Ejay on We are sorry to say that Dr. Smith has Universal Redemption, tending to prove tbat admitted into his work maoy Scotticisms, be general Sense of Scripture favours the and inelegant expressions. Opinion of ibr

final Salvation of all Mankind. Mr. EstLin, the very respectable In this essay, which evinces much read. friend of the late Rev. David Jardine, of ing, and knowledge, Mr. Browne very Bath, has published two pofthumous vojustly contends, that the English reader lumes of Sermons from the original mahas been led into the idea of eternal pu. Duscripts of that gentleman : they are nishmenis by the translators of the Greek such as would be expected from the pen text, who have given to the word abwysos, of Mr. Jardine by those who knew his ta. in translating it everlasting; a more ex. lents, and who knew his temper. The tensive meaning than it will bear, unirarian tenets of the author may make

Mr. MALHAM's Infant Baptifm de his posthumous works less generally refended, &c. is a very loose and unsatisfac- lished than if he had embraced a more fa. tory performance; the subject has been hionable system of theology: but it is discussed an hundred times before in a impollible that any one should read these much more competent manner.

discourses without being struck with their A society of Unitarian Christians, in feriousness and folemnity, without adthe west of England, has printed, at its miring, and, it is to be hoped, imbibing own expence, a little volume of Morning the liberality and philanthropy which they and Evening Prayers for the Use of indivi- breathe. duals, to which are added, Prayers on par- The author of Refle Etions upon the Cler. ticular Subje&ts. These prayers are simple gy of the Established Church is a decided and pious, but fimple and pious as they friend to the inftitution, and has taken are, we are afraid they would hardly be the liberty, which ought to be alloweda be licenced

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Retrospect of Domestic Literature.... Theology... Biography. 523 aftical establishment, but to its most inve. would be expected from him." to those, terate enemy-fas eft et ab boste doceri- who are still wavering in their belief, to point out in iç what he considers to be we recommend the perusal of thefe seran accidental abuse, or radically wrong. The author of this little work classes his The public is indebted to Mr. HENRY reflections under the following heads : Kerr for an excellent work on propheThe importance and policy of such a bo- cies, in three octavo volumes; the great dy as the clergy is in England; the dig- object of it is to afford a new interpreta nified, largely beneficed, and unofficiating tion of some obscure passages in the Reclergy; the laborious clergy. Under the velations, and to show that the career, firt head he defends the present unequal which infidelity at present so triumdistribution of church property; he con- phantly pursues, is in obedience to the fiders the whole of it, collectively taken, divipe commands, and that, in due time, to be but a small allowance for the body at the deluded people, with shame and conlarge; and if there were not several por- trition, will see the error of their ways, tions of preferment very considerably and be brought, by the light of prophecy, larger than the rest, men of talents and to the pure doctrines of Chriftianity. The Audy would not facrifice their time in the following is the title of the publication, sacred service. Against the policy of this Hiftory ibe Interpreter of Propbecy, or a unequal distribution of clerical prefer. View of Scriplural Propbecies, and their ment, however, the author has himself Accomplishment in the past and present Olo offered one of the most complete and con- currences of the World, with Gonje&tures revincing arguments that can possibly be fpe&ting their future Completiori, by Henry urged, for, under the second head, he Kett, B. D. &c.** complains that the dignified clergy are Mr. WHITAKER's Family Sermons, as lukewarm! To be fure ; they have at: the title implies, are intended for the use tained the object of their wishes, and are of domestic assemblies':' not holding the satisfied : let those be zealous who are still fame creed with this reverend author, we in the purfuit : from the poor curacy, to are better pleased with his practical than the episcopal chair, or even the prebendal his doctrinal discourses. Aall, is a long and laborious journey ; the To Mr. MARSHALL’s Sermons on Paie travellers are weary, and it is very natu• rious Subje&ts is added an address to the ral that they should take rest and refresh- Deity, in the manner of Dr. Fordyce. ment : some of them, perhaps, fall asleep, Mr. Graves's Sermons have the inerit and who can wonder at it?

of mediocrity, so far as concerns compo. A writer, who figns himself “ An old fition, and the demerit of intolerance and friend and servant of the church,” has misrepresentation, either ignorant or wilpublished A Letter to the Clergy of England, ful, when they touch upon the state of the pointing out some popular Errors of bad Con- nation with whom we are at war. Mr. fequence. This good gentleman complains Graves has not yet learned of his divine

that times are very much altered for the Master how to love his.enemies. worse : and, with his ideas on the subjects A great number of dull declamatory of religion and government, he may very discourses have been published on occasion well exclaim, in a tone of lamentation of national thanksgiving for victory, conand despair, that there has been a strange secration of colours, and other subjects revolution in men's minds, as well as in connected with military and naval atheir fortunes.

chievements : in compassion to the authors, Mr.GRAVES' Esay on the Chara&ter of we shall not perpetuate the remembrance the Apostles and Evangelifts, contains the of them. Faft fermons are also very substances of several discourses delivered many, and very monotonous. in the chapel of Trinity College, Dublin, of which this

author is a junior fellow ; Mr. BANNANI'IN E has published Me. the present essay, the object of which is moirs of Colonel Edward Marcus Despard: to prove, that the apostles and evangelifts Mr. B. was fecretary to this active and were not enthusiafts, evinces much piety unfortunate officer, when he was superinand candour.

tendant at Honduras. From this circum. Dr. Vince's. Tra Discourses, preachea ftance of their connection, it is not won. before the University of Cambridge, in an- derful that he should speak in terms of swer to Mr. Hume's objections against the strong indignation concerning the mystetruth of Christianity, have all that acute rious and seemingly hard treatment which seasoning and weighty argument which his friend has received from the govern

ment,

BIOGRAPHY.

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