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1799.) Kent.... Surry.... Susex....Berkshire....Hamphire &c. into feveral square marshes : and the whole At Little-cot Park farm, Mr. Cox. will be soon fit for the plough.

HAMPSHIRE. Married.) At Great Baddow, Jacob Elton, Married.] At Winchester, Mr. Hayter, elq. of Stapleton, to Miss C. Young, daughter to Mrs. Silver, of the Three Tuos. of the late Admiral Young.

At Portsmouth, Capt. Eveleigh, of the At Billericay, Mr. M. Moull, of the Royal Artillery, to Miss Carter daughter of Crown Inn, to Mrs. Green, widow of the Sir J. Carter, of the same place, late Rev. Mr. Green, of Little Binsted.

Died.] At Winchester, Mrs. Stroud, rem At Prittlewell, Rev. Tho. Pritchard, to fict of Mr. Stroud, woolstapler. Mrs Price, relict of R. Price, esq.

At Basingstoke, Mr. R. Hewitt, an infirm Died.] At Chelmsford, Mr. Wm. Brooks, old man, who hung himself with a cord, of the Canteen, at the new barracks.

which was suspended over his bed for the purAt Great Dunmow, Rev. Mr. Wickem, a pose of affifting him to raise himfelf. diflenting minister.

At Shawford House, near Winchester, Mrs. At Little Wakeing Hall, aged 66, Francis Mildmay, reli&t of the late C. Mildmay, erg. Alplin, Esq.

At Newfted Houfe, near Petersfield, Miss

Hugonin, daughter of Col. Hugonin.
Married.] At Canterbury, Mr. Thoś.
Golding, to Miss Mary Minter.

Married.] At Salisbury, Mr. Jennings, to At Chatham, Mr. Robinson, surgeon of Miss Trinniman. Mr. Evatt, glass-man, of the 17th light dragoons, to Miss Boyman, of London, to Miss Moody, of Winchester. Surry.

Mr. D. T. Windsor, to Miss Tább, daughter At Penlhurst Castle, S. Sidney, esq. to Mifs of Mr. Tubb, land-furveyor. H. Huncoke, of Wingerworth, youngest Died.] At Salisbury, Mrs. Neave, widow daughter of Sir Henry Huncoke, bart. of Mr. Neave. Miss Catherine Davis,

At Throwby, John Smith, jun. esq. to daughter of Mrs. Davis. Mr. Brett, late of Miss Ann Gillow, of Faversham.

Yeovil, Somerset. At Word, Mr. Wm. Lee, attorney, of At Helktham, Miss. Bruges, eldest Sandwich, to Miss Barton of Word.

daughter of Thos. Bruges, esq. Died.] At Canterbury, in an advanced

DORSETSHIRE. age, Mr. Edward Morgan, many years a Married.] At Wordsford, Mr. Dean, to woollen draper there. Mrs Hutchinfon, wife Mifs Woodrow. of W. Hutchinson, esą. Aged 87, Mrs. Died. At Sherborne, Mr. John Corry, of Johnson, relict of the Rev. llaac Johnson, the King's Arms Inn. vicar of St. Dunstan's, Canterbury. Mr. James Hemarsham, carpenter. Mr. Richard

Died.] At Bath, Mrs. Andrews, wife of Atwood. Mr. Atwood, malster.

Mr. Andrews. Mifs E. Wilkinson. Mrs. E. At Maidftone, after a lingering illness, Bulby. Aged 61, Hon. H. Hobart, M. P. Mr. Robert Bewley of the Three Tuns.

for the city of Norwich, and broiher to the At Folkstone, Miss M. A. Knight, daughter Earl of Buckinghamshire. Mrs. Wilder. of Mụ. Knight, surgeon. Aged 55, Mr. Mrs. Orchard. Miss Eaft. Húlme, pay-clerk of Chatham dockyard. At Bristol, Capt. Mac Taggart, of the

At Chatham, Mrs. Lavender, wife of Mr. Royal Navy. Aged 86, c. Becher, efq. Lavender, of the King's Arms. Aged go, Mrs. Perry, wife of Mr. Perry, wine-merMrs. Martha Hopkins.

chant. Mr. Tovers. Aged 71, Mr. John At Faversham, aged, 47, Mr. Daniel Lewis. Plummer, late post-malter.

At Yeovil, Mr. George Hutchins, second

son of the late Charles Hutchins, cra. Married.] At Oakham, Mr. John Spong, At Berwick, near Yeovil, in an advanced so Miss Crawford.

age, John Newman, esq. Died.] Ac Walton, John Manesty, esq. At Glastonbury, Mrs. Mary Metford, Quaone of the searchers in the custom house at

ker. Aged 101, Mr. Geo. Brooks, sexton of Liverpool.

St. John's. At Stoke, near Guildford, aged 77, Mr. At Clifton, of a rapid decline, Capt. BarWm, Parson, who with his brother, efta- rington Paterson. blished an hospital in the year 1796, for poor women.

Married.) At Exeter,

Cavil, era.

to Miss Cofferat, daughter of the late Alder: Died.] At Chichester, aged 72, Mrs.

man Collerat. Steele, relict of the late Tho. Steele, esq. of Died.) At Srowton, Mrs. Salter Ashe, Hampnet, formerly recorder of this city. relict of the late Michael Salter Athe, , efq.. At Lewes, aged 85, Mr- Francis Pawson, At Northbrook, near Exeter,

KekeAt Wuckfield, aged 88, Rev. Mr. Gerrison. wich, esq.

CORNWALL. Murried.) At Reading, Mr. Weft, of Married.] At Truro, Capt. John Bull, of London, to Miss Lodge, of Reading, the Grantham packet, to Miss Powell.

Died.] At Reading, aged 86, Mr. Parr. At Bodmin', Mr. Short, Lleut, in the Ara At Wallingford, Mrs. Jacques, wife of my, to Miss Jane Mountsteven. Mr. G. Jacques, len.

Died.] At Trevethick, Mr. John Martyn.








leads to it through Monmouth, Abergavenny, The re-building of Newport-bridge, which Brucknock, Llandilo, and Carmarthen, as almost intercepts the pasiage of travellers a- well as the pleasant sea-excursions which it aflong the lower Welch roads, will not be fords, either to or from Bristol, and the coasts completed before Christmas next. When of Somersetshire, Devonshire, and Cornwall. finished, will be one of the most substantial Such is the increared value of land in and handsome stone bridges in the principa- Pembrokeshire, that some farms which were lity, and an agreeable substitute for the crag- let on lease half a century fince, at 30 os gy wooden one, which formerly occupied its 40l. per annum, have lately been re-let with place.

facility at 3 and 400l. The price of proviThe ancient and chearful town of TIN- fions, hitherto so cheap in this district, has BY, in Pembrokeshire, bids fair to be taken a rise nearly in proportion. come the most favourite watering-place in Married.] At Knighton, Radnorshire, that part of the islane. Situated on an ele- George Green, Esq. of Ludlow, to Miss vated rock, which extends like a peninsula M. Price of Knighton. into the sea, it commands not only an exten- At Llanbarr, near Aberystwith, Cardigan, five, but rich Sea-View, which includes the S. Milnes, esq. Iate Captain of the 49th regiromantic isands of Caldy, St. Margaret's, mcnt, to Miss Davies of Lloydsack, Lundy, the whole of Carmarthen Bay to Dicd.] At Maen, Montgomeryshire, Miss Worms Head; and, on a clear day, the De- M. Parry, daughter of the late J. Perry, esą. vonthire Coast, but also the fine picturesque of that place. rocks of its own vicinity, and an extent of At Abergavenny, Colonel Hodges, whose fmooth clear sands, which, for the purposes death was occasioned by the too common prace of bathing and exercise, are no where to be tice of reading in bed. Soon after the Colonel equalled. Its additional advantages to the had retired his chamber was discovered to be Summer Rambler, are the comparative cheap- on fire, and before any ailifance could be ness of its provisions and accommodations, and afforded him, he was so much burned, that che delightfully romantic country, which he died in less than 48 hours.

put into the

MONTHLY COMMERCIAL REPORT. FROM the collection of papers printed by the Eaft India Company respecting the illicit trade,

it appears, that early in the year 1798, information was obtained by the goverror of St. Helena, that enterprizes of a very confiderable magnitude, had been fet on foot, for the purpose of conveying to Europe the property of the possessions in India of powers at war with this coun. try, through the medium of neutral flags, it having become evident that this property which had been collected to a very considerable amount *, in the Dutch, French, and Spanish i Nands, could Tot he brought in safety to Europe through any other channel, while the navy of Great Britain maintained its superiority. There also appeared realon to believe, that tome of the enemy's ports in India, had been supplied through the same channel, with ftores from Europe ; and that the trade, though nialked under the appearance of foreign flags and foreign companies, had in fact been set on foot, and chiefly refted upon British agency and capital. . The plan concerted for the management of the returns, is laid to have been, that the vefils employed should be dispatched, nominally for Copenhagen, or forse other neutral place ; but that in their way thither, they thould

ports of Great Britain, where if the markets were more favourable than at the places of their nominal destination, their cargoes should be brougbt to sale under an act paised in May, 1796, and since continued; or if otherwise, the vessels io proceed on to the places of their original destination. In evnsequence of thefe discoveries, governor Brooke, detained the ships Denmark, Nancy, Reinsborg, and Odin, which had put into the port of St. Helena, and sent them to England, that they might be proceeded against with a view to their condemnation in case it should appear that the ships or their cargoes belonged to his majesty's enemies ; the Magvalera was afterwards stopped, also the Iphigenia, and Kensington, under American colours, and the Compte de Bernsdorf, in its way from Lisbon to Batavia. In November lait, Mr. Dundas tranfmitted the papers relative to this subject, which he had received from the governor of St. Helena, to the Attorney and Solicitor General ; and the substance of the opinion of the e officers, which was communicated to the Directors of the India Company, was, that there appeared to be ground for proceeding against the ships and their cargoes, for condemnation as lawful prize, but from want of the requisite information, they found considerable difficulty in forming an opinion as to the fteps which could be legally pursued against the British subjects concerned in the transactions, and upon what they could collect from the papers transmitted to them, they did not conceive themselves warranted in saying that they could find precile ground for any legal proceeding against those persons, although the papers tended to raise very strong suspicion, that charges of a very serious nature, might possibly be made put in evidence againit them, if due diligence was used in pursuing the inquiries to which the discoveries made by the papers appeared to lead. The subject being of much importance to the coinpany ; a committee was appointed to take it into immediate consideration, and to collect such information from the papers of the detained ships,

* The goods lying at Batavia alone, were laid to require 50,000 tons, to bring them to Europe.


Monthly Commercial Report.


and the suits in the admiralty court, as might lead to the discovery of the parties concerned, After holding several secret courts on the subject, the Directors on the hfch of March last, resolved, that it appeared by documents before the court, that enterprizes of a very considerable magnitude have been let on foot, to convey to Ewope, under the false cover of neutral papers and flags, the property of his Majesty's enemics from Batavia ; in which enterprize many Britit. subjects have been concerned, either as principals or agents, and also several members of the Danila college of commerce at Copenhagen, and other persons. That it allo appears, that thips and British seamen have been engaged in India, by Mefits. Fairlie, Glimore, and Co. Lambert, and Ross, and others, to proceed to Batavia, for the purpose of being engaged in this clandestine commerce. And, on the following day, the court of Directors resolved that a bill be filed against the house of David Scott, and Co. to discover their concerns in the ship Helsingver, and cargo, or in any other illicit trade within the limits of the company's charter ;' by a subsequent resolution however, it appears to be the intention of the Directors to proceed only againft the actual partners in the house, which Mr. David Scott, sen quitted in December 1794, although his name continued in the firm till December 1797. In the present stage of the business, any observations affecting the parties concerned in it would be highly improper, but it may be confidered as an additional proof that British capital might be employed with advantage in the Eat India trade, to a considerable amount, beyond the present extensive concerns of the company; and įt will probably become a subject of parliamentary consideration to devise fome modc of bringing into the country iu a legal manner, the profits that at present are an allurement to attempt evafion, and other improper practices.

The present state of the commerce of Europe, strongly shews how suddenly and completely, in many instances, it may be turned out of its former course, and transferred to ather countries, or to the different ports of a state, which the Auctuation of public affairs may render more eligible in point of security; or which, in consequence of judicious regulations and improvements, offer new advantages, or better accommodations. This situation of things should induce the inhabitants of every place, that has obtained an increase of trade by it, to concur readily in any measure that may appear necessary to preserve it; and we hope that private interest will no longer be permitted to impede the attainment of the public benefit, which would certainly be derived from rendering the accommodations of the port of London adequate to the present vast extent of its trade.

None of the ports of this country, exhibit a more striking instance of the verfality of commerce than Hull, which, from one of the meanest maritime towns in England, has risen to the first importance. The tonnage of its shipping is at present inferior only to London, Liverpool, Newcastle, and Bristol ; and its customs only to those of the two former. It sends as great a number of ships to Greenland as London does, and, exclulve of that port, more than all the others. Liverpool has unquestionably a greater intercourse with the Baltic, which is chiefly owing to its West-India connections ; some attempts, however, have been made at Hull, to bring thither, in like manner, the produce of our colonies ; which, if accomplished on an extensive scale, will enable this port, from its local situation, to rival, and probably get beforehand of Liverpool, in tho North. The Hans-towns formerly, and afterwards the Dutch, who wese long the carriers of Europe, supplied Hull with foreign manufactures; at present, this port imports German and Ruffian articles for our manufactures, and exports them to those very countries in a manufactured state. Holland usually supplied the town of Hull with different oils, and also furnished this country with various kinds of pottery to a considerable amount ; but Holland is now supplied with these articles from the port of Hull. The internal communication of Hull is such, that it may be deemed the emporium of at least five counties: the majority of its merchants are extensively connected with Sweden, Ruflian Portugal, and Italy, on the binding conditions of reciprocal advantage; and though war is ever unfavourable to commercial intercourse, it does not appear, at present, to have diminished the trade of this port, but merely to have checked, in some measure, the fpeculations of its commercialfpirited inhabitants, which, by impressing them with a useful degree of precaution, nimy prove an ultimate benefit, and enable them, on the return of peace, to extend their cona sections with greater safety and advantage. Statement of the receipt of the customs of Hull for April last :-On general good inwards

3925 7 Wine ditto

1263 14 3 3

5194 On goods outwards

884 17 0 On wine coast wise

3 7 8 Coals, ditto

4 12 41 Slate, ditto


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41 o Tonnage duty

236 15

63;6 14 35

The increase of foreign trade may be considered as affording a presumption that our principal manufactures being encouraged by it, must be in a very favourable situation ; this is certainly the case with some branches; others, however, are in a very different situation. The trade and manufactures of BIRMINGHAM were perhaps never in a more distressed state than at present; for, although the demand for articles in the home trade continues much the same as before the war, and hat for arms and military accoutrements very considerable, yet these together bear so small a proportion to the general trade of the town, as it was carried on a few years ago, that the almost total loss of the foreign trade is felt very feverely.---A more parti. cular account of the prosent ftate of the trade of Birmingham, will be given in our next report.

Spanish wool is at a very ligh price, which has obliged the woollen manufa&urers to advance the price of their fine goods. Black cloths have risen from a shilling to eighteen pence a yard, and a proportionate rise on others must be expected.

The East India Companys' tea fale, which commences the 5th of June, consists of the following quantity: Bohea

!,000,000 lb. Congou and Campoi 4,000,000 Souchong and Pekoe

500,000 Singlo and Twankay 600,000 Hayfon skin

50,000 Superior ditto, and Hyron 500,000


Raw sugars have fallen considerably; the average price for the week, ending the 15th May, was 675. 4d. exclusive of duty ; refined sugars are also much lower; lumps are at present from 130 to 132$. ; low lumps from 111 to 120$. ; powder loaves from 128 to 1405. ; fingle loaves from 121 to 136s. ; faces from 98 to ulos.; middles from 85$. to 975.; and tips from 75 to 845.

The PUBLIC TUNDs, though they have lately risen a little, are not, in general, higher than they were at the beginning of the month. The prices on the 27th were, 3 per cent. reduced 55 1-4th ; three per cent. conf. 55 7-8ths; four per cent. conf. 69 7-8ths; five per cent. navy, 86 3-4ths; imperial 3 per cents. 527-8ths ; long annuities 15 13-16this years' purchase. The interest made, according to the present prices, after allowing for the proportion of divi. dend due, is nearly as follows:

k. s.

d. 3 per cent. confals

5 9 7 4 per cent. ditto

5 15 4 5 per cent. navy

5 17 9 Long annuities


7 5 Bank stock


8 India stock

6 7 3


MONTHLY AGRICULTURAL REPORT. THE continuance of easterly winds, and cold weather, have been equally unfavourable

for the wheat crops and the growth of grass; of the latter there was seldom a greater scarcity than at this time ; other kinds of fodder being nearly exhausted in most places. Some farmers have even heen under the necessity of putting their stock into meadows which lould have been preserved for hay. The severity of the season has, however, been much less felt on the warm dry soils, than those that are cold and moist.

In some districts, much barley fill remains to be put into the ground. Corn of all sorts, though much kept back by the weather, has not in general, by some of our correspondents, an unpromising appearance.

Grain is said to be rapidly on the rise. The average of wheat, throughout England and Wales, is 61s. 84. ; of barley 355. ; of oats 275. 4d.

Both fat and lean cattle sell at good prices. Beef in Smithfield produces from 3s. 8d. SHEEP sells at Smithfield for 45. 4d. to 55. 4d. HAY averages in St. James's market 31. jos. per load. Straw 21. 12. Horses. These now find a ready sale. Hops. Kent bags rol. to ill. ; pockets wil. to 131. ORCHARDS look well, for which the backwardness of the season is very favourable. There is a prospect of a very great blow indeed ; and expectation runs mich higher through. out the whole Cyder country, than it has these twelve years.

to gs.

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To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. partment, the correction of errors, or the SIR,

more clearly ascertaining indistinct fpeAVING been lately pretty much in cies, shall be thankfully acknowledged. naturally led

I am Sir, &c. to make enquiries concerning the origin Swansea, June 10, 1799. W. Turton. of the cow-pox. From the unaffected and uninterested communications of the dairy

To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. men I have not much doubt but that it is SIR, the small.pox moderated by passing TH

HAT Thetis has been adopted by through the purer mediuin of a quadru. ped. I generally found that a short time the remark of a correspondent who has before the disease appeared among the honoured me with a letter on the subject, cows, the small-pox had been in the fami- respecting the probability that from like ly; and that wherever the small-pox pronunciation they would be printed in. ceases to appear for a long time, the cow- discriminately at a French press. pox is not heard of.

Two passages of a writer of con!ider. This has twice happened in my father's able learning and of exquisite taste will family. When his children were inocu. prove this. lated, the milk-maid was inoculated also. GRESSET in his Fourth imitative Shortly afterwards the cows were affected. Eclogue says Some time after, another milk-maid

“ Peut etre un autre Argo sous un nouveau

Tiphis caught the linall-pox, and in a month the

Portera des guerriers sur les champs de dilcase appeared ainong the cows.

Thetis." no other time has it been among his

And again in the Tenth Eclogue. cows, and at no other time has the linall.

" Les heures chez Thetis ont conduit pox been in the family.

le soleil." That this may be more clearly ascer- In both Tethys would have been proper. tained, I have directed a cow to be ino- This explains, but will not justify the culated with variolous matter : if it pro- fubftitution of the one for the other in duce any suppurative eruption, I will then VIRGIL. In tiie French it affects neither inoculate a child with the vaccine matter, the pronunciation nor the prolody. In the and communicate the result.

Latin the pronunciation was entirely difIt this be the case, may not the cow

ferent; and the prosody by the change bepɔx, by passing throngh the human sub

comes inadmissible. In the Latin the myject too frequently, degenerate at last into thological impropriety would have been its original disease, the small-pox? And glaring, if even the word had been admifshould not this direct the practitioner to

lible in the verse of the Georgics. But in a have recourse as often as possible to ge- French translation, even of this very line, nuine vaccine matter?

time and habit would have softened the myTain honoured by the polite mention tiological unexactness : and as Thetis is a your correspondent R. H. C. has made of marine goddess, though so much fubordimy intended translation of the “ Systema nate, and we hear of her much oftener, her Naturæ," I doubtless mean to restore to

name for Tethys would have been palable, their original classes the “ Icosandria" and though far from just. Polyandria ;” and have helitated whe.

On examination, one of my supposed ther, with Wildenow, the whole arrange- erra:a in Didot disappears. The verse at ment should not return to the classification the head of each page, expresses not the of Linné himself.

first verse of that page, but the last of the Any communications directed to me preceding carried over : so that the numconcerning new discoveries in any de- bering of the ad Æneid is right. Yet MONTHLY MAG. No. XLVI.



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