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$ 1799] Necu Patents in the Month of May.

401 cila means to excuse this action : every thing legs of the youngest son, which are not

tends to this; and the history of Laocoon remarkably elegant, there is fomething fu is only a rhetorical figure, in which we natural, that we find nothing like it unmay very well allow of some exaggera- der this relation : the legs of the father, tion, provided that it answers the end which especially the right leg, also possess great

the poet deligns it should. Inmense fer- beauty. la pents then proceed out of the sea; they

Restorations. have a crest on their head; they light on A considerable part of the serpents, and the children of the priest who had infulto probably the two heads, are of modern ed the horse ; they infold, bite, and pol- workmanship. lute them with their venom ; they after- The lett arm of the father, up to the wards infold the breast and the neck of jun&ture of the shoulder, and the five toes the father, who runs to their succour, of the left foot, are restorations; the right and they raise their heads to shew their foot, however, has suffered nothing. victory, whilst the unfortunate one they In the eldest son, the end of the nose, oppreis calls for iuccour in vain. The the right hand, the three first toes of the people, who are struck with terror at this left foot, the end of the great toe in the {pectacle, îly; no one dares any longer right foot, have been restored ; the belly undertake the deience of his country; and having been somewhat damaged on the the hearer and reader, affrighted at this right lide, this part has also been restored. marvellous and dilgusing history, alike The end of tiie nose, the right' arm, consent that the horse thail enter into the two fingers in the left hand, and the five city.

toes in the right toot, of the youngest The history of Laocoon, in Virgil, is fon, have been restored. only therefore a mean to attain a more It is only the right arm of Laccoon confiderable end ; and it is yet a great which has been well restored in burnt question, whether this event be a proper earth, and as most say, by Bernini, who, subject for poetry.

nkevertheleis, if it be really his work, has Some Observations on the Groupe of Laocoon herein turpatiéd himself. The other reand his true S0115.

storations, which I have just mentioned, The right leg of the eldelt son is of a are in marble ; they are carefully done, most agreeable elegance.

but with little art, and with convulsive The expression, and the turn of the contorsions, in the taste of the school of members in general, and of the muscles, Bernini. It is thought they were done is admirable in the entire work.' In the by Cornachini.

44

NEW PATENTS

Enrolled in the Month of May. Mr. Jeffery's Patent for a set of France, and Flanders ; nor could its cotton

MACHINERY adapted to convey' Coals works, its works in steel, and other mefrom the Spot at wbich they are dug, to tals, or its potteries, have had an existence. the Mouth of the Pit.

In the latter part of the now closing cenHE working of PIT-COAL, though tury, while the population and the manuancient in Britain. So long fince as in the been to prodigiously increased, the condays of the Anglo-Saxon monarchs of Eng- fumption of pit-coals has increased in pro. land, this fosil was uited for fuel. After the portion. Happily, the itrata of this foffil native woods had been very generally walt. in the northern counties are so immense, ed, its utility came to be more fenfibly in. that we can scarcely look forward in ima. der wol. In the : century, pit. gination, to the time at which they are co

h in cotland likely to be quite consumed. The dir

in tance of these strata from London, if it

enhance the price to the inhabitants of
the metropolis, has, however, the benefi-
cizi effect of producing a necessity for sea-

viage, by which a coniiderable number
rly mariners are continually formed
"intained.
independently of any costs of car.

ivork of digging pit-coal is

expenfive. The labour is „vere : the confinement at it, 3 F

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under-ground, is disagreeable : its un- emolument to the inventor, and utility to wholesome.ess and dirtinels are extremely the public, may be reasonably expected repulsive : the necelty for unremitting to result. toil, in order to afford lufficiently regular fupplies of fuel, makes it often requisite We noticed in cor xlist Number, p. to yield to very unreasonable demands 62, the extensive practical importance from the colliers. And it is natural and utility of Mr. COLLIER's new mathat all these circumstances in combina- chines for percolation, (applicable to all tion, should make the wages of those wl fluids, but more particularly water) work in coal-pits enormousy great.

for which he had obtained a patent: we On this account, there is, perhaps, no have now much fatisfaction in adding, abbreviation of labour more to be desired that on further inquiry, we highly apthan that which, lestening the toil of the prove these inventions, grounded on the collier, shall enable him to throw out a only true principles that can shorten this greater quantity of coals, than formerly, process, which has hitherto been always within a given time, and fhail thus dimi- found tedious in the extreme. nish the price of the coals in the market. Firit. - He removes the difficulty resulting The labour of conveying the coals, after from the clear fluid passing through its owa they are dug, from where they are left by impurities, by taking a direction from the the collier who digs them, to the mouth

external parts of the filtering medium inof the pit, is a very troublesome part of wards, from which it is drawn off. the toil which they demand. To accom

Secondly An urged preflare is employed, plish this, and to clear the pits of water bating pores.

which speedily forces it through the perceand foul air, a complex and expensive

Thirdly.--Though the apparatus takes up 1ystem of machinery is usually employed. comparatively no room, and the expense is Even the advantages of the steam-engine very easy, it is to contrived, as to contain ftill leave much to be wilhed for.

more filtering surface, in contact with the We have, therefore, great pleasure in Auid, than a large stone does when full. announcing that Mr. HUMPHREY JEF- We think it necessary to itate these

FERIES, of Newcastle upon Tyne, has re- particulars, more in detail than we other'cently obtained a PATENT for an im- wife Tould do, because modern improveproved modification of the apparatus for ments have so manifestly fewn the great the conveyance of coals from the bottom advantages of water to the conftitution, to the mouth of the pit, by which the in cleanting the vascular system from uncusual labour of this operation will be fa. tuous matter deiained by the absorbents, cilitated and abridged. A series of en- and thus giving activity to the circulagravings would be necessary to make his tion and fecretion of the fluids; while the improvement clearly intelligible to the attempts of the faculty, to introduce reader. But, we think it, a good one'; water into more general use, either in its we hope the world will derive benefit irom fimple itate or mixed, have been impedes it; and we with the patentee an adequate hy the extreme dificulty of procuring it reward for his ingenuity.

in any tolerable degree of purity. Mr. Rehe's PATENT for an Engine for The means Mr. Collier has employ

the Conveyance of Water from one place ed, to deprive owy quantity of fluid of its to another.

culour or putrescent qualities, by a given THE discoveries of GALILÆO, TOR- quantity of charcoal, are likewise highly RICELLI, and PASCAL, relative to the ingenious. presure and the elasticity of the atmo

We are concerned to find, that, in our last iphere, have given to the moderns very number, there was an error in regard to the great fcientific advantages in the manage- name of Mr. SamVEL SANDY HICKLING inent of water, which the ancients did not

of Birmingham, the proprietor of the patent poffefs. Our wells, our drain3, our for the application of aitreous compounds to irche mounds, our sewers, our mills, our canals, &c. While we thus rectify that mistake, we and all our hydraulic arts, fufciently. cannot help mentioning, that, if the authors evir.ce this truth. Ey regulating the prel of new inventions would take the trouble fure of the atmosphere upon any piece of of transmitting to the publisher of the Monthwater, we can now direct its movements ly Magazine theit notices of the specifcaalmoit at our plealure. Water is next

tioris of their patents, they would invariably

find the interest of the proprietor of every aiter fire, che most useful handmaid of the arts. We announce, zherefore, with plea- tually served by thus making it faithfully

trui's valuable intention to be much more effecfurt, that Mr. SAMUEL REHE of Lon- public, than by that my fiery in which it is don has just enrolled a patent for an en- fonetines endeavoured to conceal the subjects

ginæ for i he convenient (covip2.ce of qaler of such pattuts from the knowledge of the jrom one place to another ; frem which, world,

2799.)

Literary and Philosophical Intelligence.

403

VARIETIES,
LITERARY and PHILOSOPHICAL;
Including Notices of Works in Hand, Domestic and Foreign.

Authentic Communications for sbis Article will always be thankfully received.
R. MARSH, the trandator of

.-most certain Methods of con

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Mr. Travis," is now employed at Leipsic Distress, within a certain Distance of Land, in trandating his work in the German la.. and asben Boats dare not venture out to guage, which he lately published, inti- the aid of Shipwrecked Marinirs? tuled, An historical Review of the Poli- On the 20th of May was opened, at tics of Great Britain and France, from the No. 118, Pall-Mall, the Milton Gallery; time of the Treaty of rilnitz and the De- contilting of a leries of pictures from the claration of War against England, founded poetic works of John Milton. Painted throughout on authentic Documents which by HENRY FUSELI, R.A. Admission have been carefully collected." In this Catalogues, with the pallages to work the English nation and government which the pictures refer, 6d. are vindicated from the alpersions thrown Mr. SHERWIN, of Enfield, intends to on them in Germany, as being the au- publish a work on the “ Affections both thors of the present war, The English morbid and solutary, excited in the Human translation will be in London at the end Frame ly external. Abforption." In the of the summer. An offer has lately been year 1787, Mr. SHERWIN communicated made to Mr. MARSH to accompany the a paper on this subject to the Medical embaffy to Conftantinople, with a view Society of London, a part of which, reof exainining the Greek and Oriental lating to the abforption of emetic tartar, MSS, in the Ottoman libraries. The was published in the second volume of lovers of literature are in hopes that it their Memoirs. In the introduction to will fait his health to take this journey, that paper, which was not published by as the republic of letters may expect to the Society, appears the following striking derive important discoveries.

passage, on account of recent discoveries The Rev. H. BOYD, translator of the relpecting the cow-pox: Inferno of Dante,” is now employed upon a translation of the Filippo, Don “ May it not be conceived, that some Garzia,” and “ Congiura de' Pazzi," of particular unsuspected substance applied to Count Alfieri.

the human frame, in a state of moisture or A work is in the press, under the title effluvia, may be imbibed and excite an inof the “ General Apiarian," wherein a

fectious disorder, which shall afterwards prolimple, humane, and advantageous me

pagate itself from one patient to another? thod of obtaining the produce of Bees,

Small-pox, niealles, infectious sore throat,

&c. may have been thus originally excited, without destroying them, is pointed out

though mankind may for ever be ignorant of in a series of letters to a friend; by Mr.

their respective sources." ISAAC, Secretary to the Western Apiafian Society,

We learn that Mr. PARKINSON is aAn us

Answer to Mr. BelSHAM's Re- bout to enlarge his work of “ Medical view of Mr. WILBERFORCE's Treatise,Admonitions," by the addition of a table, is in the preis, written by the author of pointing out the degrees of danger manithe “ Age of Infidelity, &c.” with a word felted by various symptoms; and an Ellay to the author of “ʻLetters on Hereditary on the injurious confequences of the exDepravily.

cessive indulgence of children. Such a The Royal Humane Society has pro- work is truly a desideratum in English posed the following questions for the year literature, and cannot tail to be produ:5799:

tive of the most beneficial effects, elpe1.-What are the best means of preserv- cially among those clases of society, ing Mariners and other's from Shipwreck? which are prejudiced in favour of quack

11.-What will be the moji probable ery, means of keeping the Velels afloat, so as to Mr. Le Sage has circulated proposals preserve the Lives of those who may be in for publishing by lubscription, " A GeneJucb perilous Situations?

clogical, Chronological, Historical, and Geo.

graphicar

own.

graphical Atlas,exhibiting all the Royal has appointed the learned M. von Rer. Families in Europe ; their origin, decen- ZER, and the Aulic Secretary, von dency, marriages, &c. together with the ESCHRICH, who in future, in conjuncvarious poffeffions, foreign wars, civil tion with the three oldest members of the commotions, famous battles, religious Imperial Theatre, are to form a comtroubles, minorities, titles and orders, mittee, and divide the former functions courts of law; remarkable events, &c. of of KOTZEBUE. It is confidently reporteach kingdom.

ed, that this celebrated dramatist has al. Professor SCHRANCK, of Ingolstadt, ready left Vienna, and is now on his has lately enriched the Science of Botany way to England. with a work treating on that very curious As a dramatic anecdote, connected and interesting branch, called physiilígy with the preceding article, we are reof vegetables. The author has taken a quested at present to mention, that Kotparticular view of the secondary vessels of ZEBUE'S “ Stranger," as performed on plants, by which he understands the the Drury-lane Boards, in the Spring of down, the fpiculæ, the glands, and the 1798, has not beca fo great a siranger to vessicles. His principal obje&t is to thew French literature, as he bas been to our that these vessels may afford an additional

As far back as the year 1792, 4 mean of determining, with accuracy, the French, but very imperfect and mangled claflification of Linnæus, when his dif- tranflation of his play was publi med at tinctions are equivocal, and that such Wartaw, under the title, « L'Inconnu vessels, according to MalTIGIlf, form the Drame en cinq ailes, traduit librement, extremities of thotë canais, in which the &c."--(Vid. blogazin Ency inpedique, fluids that Tupply the plant with nourisht. No. xxiv. p: 567.) The further partiment circulate ; and which only inhale culars of this intercfting discovery have the air, without exhaling is. Much has been promised us, lise the fame corresbeen done in this curious branch of bo. pondent, for a fulline Number, tanical science, by the ingenious labours Profilior 5ELLERMAN?, of Erfurt, has of HALES, INGENHOUZ, DUHAMEL, just published the fourth volume of his BONNET, and SENNEBIER; but the Ger- claffical work, intitled, “ A Manual of man profelor aims at a systematic ar- Sacred Literuiture ;" containing a critical rangement of this fascinating subject, and historical retrospect of whatever rewhich has not been attempted by his pre

lates to Africa, and has a teniency to decessors.

illustrate the ancient accounts of that Our dramatic readers will remember country, as recorded in the Bible.--In the report, which was industriously cir- the present political convullions of Eculated last winter, that the Emperor of gypt, it must be highly fatisfa&iory to Germany had disinifled the celebrated the Divine, as well as to the lovers of Kotzebue from his court, and the ap- literature in general, to learn that the pointment he held, as Poet Laureat, and learned Profeffor, who is one of the most Director of the Iinperial Theatre, for accute German critics of the age, has, in reasons which (it now appears) must have a very ingenious manner, connected the been fabricated by his enemies.

earliest intormation we possess of that The following is an accurate statement cçlonizing country, with the most interestof facts, on the truth of which our rea- ing recent events; while he has furnished der's may fully rely :-M. von KOT2, the reader with a complete Alphabetical BUE had, for various reasons, but most Index to the four volumes of this work, probably of the fame nature as those which affurds an excellent view of the which induced him to quit the Russian whole Archæology and Geography contain: service, * voluntarily applied to the em- ed in the Sacred Volume. peror for his dismission." This request The two first numbers of a splendid and Francis complied with; anil, besides highly finished work have lately been pubexpressing the fullest fatista&tion with his lithed at Leipzig, which claims the atconduct, granted KOTZEBUE a pension tention and patronage of every lover of for life, of one thousand forins, or about the arts. The publishers are the respect one hundred guineas ; with liberty to able booksellers Vofs and Co. and the spend it in whatever country he pleased.- work is written with great talte by ihe. To fill this important office, the emperor celebrated senator, Dr. STIEGlitz, únder

the title, Designs of Ornamental Archia * Vide the " Monthly Magazine," vol. vi. tecture, cr Representations of actual' and page 118 and 119; for August, 1798.

ideal Buildings, with plans and elevations,

in

1799.) Literary and Philosophical Intelligence.

405 in a series of one hundred engraved plates : ceived from the learned tranftators, it may To which is added, a Treatile on the be well considered one of the most combeauty of the Art.” Second Number plete systems of geography that has ever (in German) consisting of thirteen plates appeared ; and it is without exception the royal tolio.-All the drawings are from cheapest, the price being only 21 livres, the pencil of Mr. Schwender, and are en- or 24 livres with coloured maps. graved by Citizens Gaitte, Piquet, and The French Journals state, that there Ransonnette of Paris, and Mr. Boettger of is at Naples, a Seminary for the natives Leipzig. Eight Numbers, containing froin of China, to which a number of Chinese, cwelve to thirteen plates each, will con- induced by the representations of mission: clude this magnificent work: the fub- aries, have been in the practice of coming scription price for each is five rix-dollars, in order to be instructed in the principles or about one guinea English.

of the Christian Religion. But that those The second volume uf " A. Universal who i turned to China have immediately Dictionary of Commercial Geography, by been hanged, and thus enjoyed the fuPeuchet, is just published at Paris. preme felicity of martyrdom. Such is The remaining two volumes are thortly to tne anxiety of that extraordinary governfollow.

ment to prevent innovation. Citizen Azuni has lately published FourcroY'S “ Elements of Chemistry," " An Historical, Geographical, Political, and have been tranflated into the Swedith lanPhysical Account of the Kingdom of Sardinia," guage, by the celebrated Dr. SPARMANN, A good description of that country has and into the Danish by M. Schist. been hitherto a desideratum ; which is The learned philologist, DANIEL weil supplied by the present work, at a W YTTENBACH, has been lately appointtime when this as well as the other coun- ed Professor of Rhetoric, universal, litetries of Italy are become more interesting rary, and philofophical history, antiquithan they have been at any time since the ties, Greek and Latin literature, at Leyfall of the Roman Empire.

den : and so great an acquisition does that There has just issued from the Parisian university confider this profeffor, that they press, a translation of Guthrie's Geographi- have not only engaged to allow him an çal Grammar, by Citizens Noel, Ex- annual falary of ten thouland livres, but Ambassador to the Batavian Republic, have also exempted hiin from all the fees, and Soule's, author of the History of to the payment of which he otherwise the American Revolution, and tranflator would be subject as a profesor, and menof Blair's Lectures. It is published in ber of the faculty of philosophy. three volumes, Svo. 2100 pages, closely While the Alps have been a thousand and elegantly printed, with an Atlas in times traversed, and their beauties and 40. of 34 maps. This is not merely a natural curiosities have excited the admitranslation, there being nearly a third ration of travellers; while their mineral part of new matter, particularly an'ac- and vegetable productions have enriched count of the events that have occurred in the cabinets and herbals of philosophers the different pars of the world since the last and virtuoli, the Pyrenean mountains edition of Guthrie, in 1796; the divisions have, till of late, been unaccountably ancient and modern, compared with the new neglected : that reproach, however, no Republics; the last partition of Poland; longer remains. Among the numerous the discoveries of Peyrouse and Vancouver; works that hive within thele few years a fuccinct theory of the earth and rivers described that vast and curious chain of from Buffon and Lametherie ; a concise mountains, we have to notice Dr. FABAS, analysis of Busching and Zimmermann on of St. Savior's, Observations on the Europe, and of the German and English principal Mineral Waters of the high mounGeographers Bruns, Fabri, Brooke, Gordon, tains of the Pyrenees, and their medicinal &c. &c. besides several later writers : á virtues, parlicularly those in the mountain Treatise on Foreign Exchange ; a History of Saint Savior, with several important of the Banks and Commercial Companies cures effected by the latter." of Europe ; á Table of the Weights and The late Leipzig fair has produced a Measures of different nations, compared vast number of publications, which are, with those of France old and new, There as usual, of a two-fold character; and are also leveral maps that are not in the the majority of them little better than original work. Upon the whole, with common place. Some honourable excep: the corrections, additions, and improve- tions, however, there are. Among the ments, which this standard book has re- latter, as a work of extraordinary value,

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