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1799.) Queries concerning the Jews.---Biography. vious, also, that there would be less frequent To tie Editor of the Monthly Magazine. occasion for parochial relief than there is now. At present the parish is often called

A ware

S the troubles which now agitate, on to pay rents; and these rents are, with few exceptions, very high; if the parish taking place in the eastern part of our had built cottages, I think they would hemisphere, feem peculiarly calculated to never have had occasion to pay these rents : direct the attention of the christian philoat any rate, as the rents must necessarily fopher toward that long despised, neglected, have been lower, they would never have and imhappy people, the Jews; permit had occasion to pay so much. It is a me, through the medium of your widely common complaint, that cottages yield circulated, and excellent miscellany, to an inadequate interest : perhaps a ftill solicit from fome one of your intelligent

common complaint is, that the correspondents, an elucidation of the fol. trouble of collecting thirty or forty thil- lowing queries, relative to that nation. Jings a year from one, and fifty or sixty It would confer an additional obligation fhillings from another, and so on, is more upon me, if any learned member of that than the money is worth. Make it a body would favour me with a reply. I parochial concern, and these objections, wish to he informed : which deter country gentlemen from build- Is the division of the Jews into ing cottages, in the first place, and which, twelve tribes, a distinction ftill kept up in the second place, sometimes prompt by that nation; if so, has each family a them, most unfortunately, to suffer those knowledge of the particular tribe to which which are built, to fall in ruins, imme- it belongs--and is the office of the priestdiately vanish. If there be any lots at- hood still a distinct appendage to that of tached to cottages, let the parish at large, Levi ? who live by the laborious industry of their As the old testament positively inhabitants, mare that mighty loss in asserts, and I believe the Jews themselves common! If there be any trouble in col- acknowledge, that the Christ was to delecting scattered rents of two, three, or scend from the stock of David, is there four pounds each, let the parish also bear any family or families now in existence, in common that trouble--that heavy and acknowledged by their nation, or conoppressive trouble! at all events, let the ridered by themselves, as the lineal de. poor be made comfortable if possible; scendants of that monarch? let them know the luxury of domestic 3. What is their prevailing opinion neatness; but they never can know it, relative to the fate of the ark, and do they without domestic accommodation or con- give any credit to the account of it convenience. A cheerful habitation will im- tained in the first seven verses of the second part some portion of its cheerfulness to the chapter of the 2 Macabecs ? man who inhabits it: it will lighten his Birmingham,

Yours, &c. labour in the day, to know that he can April 14, 1799.

W. H. P. enjoy himself at night over a clean hearth and a lively fire : on the other hand, when

For the Monthly Magazine. a man looks forward to a fort of dungeon,

NEGLECTED BIOGRAPHY. to a cracked, half-thatched, half-lighted hovel, as the miserable repository for his

LIFE OF HENRY BURTON, DIVINE, tired limbs, his mind, in this case as in "HE account of this noted charaéter the other, is assimilated to his habitation -it becomes gloomy, comfortless, and Dictionary," is very incorrect and meagre ; wretched *. Yours, &c. X. he may; therefore, with great propriety,

be introduced intd this collection, more

especially as the following particulars con* I remember to have read some very ad- cerning him are novel and entertaining. mirable observations on this subject, in the

Hanry Burton was born at Birdsall, in eighth volume of the Bath Society's papers on Yorkshire, in 1578, and was educated at agriculture: it is many months ago fince St. John's College, Cambridge, where he read them, and not having the volume be took his degrees in arts, but afterwards fore me, I cannot refer to the page. I was became B.D. at Oxford. The univermuch struck with them at the time, and with very much to call the public attention to them. fity of Cambridge was then greatly inI think they form part of an elaborate and in- fected with puritanism, and the leading genious introduction to the volume which in- divines in that way were Mr. W. Perkins trodu&tion I also think was written by the and Mr. Chaderton, by whose preaching secretary, whose name has escaped my memory, Burtop lays " he had his eyes opened." MONTHLY MAG. NO. XLY.

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From Cambridge he went to be tutor to The following story he relates himself the two sons of Lord Carey of Lepington, with great folemnity, and it will ferve to afterwards Earl of Monmouth, and by thew to what a pitch of enthusialin he his lordship's recommendation, was made was carried. clerk of the closer to Prince Henry; and On April 25, 1640, I set the day continued in that post to Prince Charles, apart to seek God, especially for his but was discarded upon that prince's ac. church, which then lay under great prelceffion to the crown. While in this litu- sures; wherein having spent the day till ation he entered into orders, and wrote 4 of the clock in the afteinoone, I walked some tracts against popery, but he com- two or three turns in my chamber, and plains bitterly of archbishop Abbot, who being very sad and disconsolate because I had refused to licence a piece of his entitled had not, as at othei times upon the like “ The converted Jow," written against occasion, received an answer of comfort the Jesuits. The occasion of his being from God, and being somewhat faint with dismissed from court was, his writing a abstinence and the closenesse of the roome, letter to the king, charging the bishops I opened that window which locks into Neile and Laud with the delign of intro. the sea eastward to take a little ayre, the ducing popery About this time he sea comming as neere the shore on that fide obtained the rectory of St. Matthew, Fri- as that I might from my window throw day-ftreet, and became very popular by an apple into it: thus looking forth by his violent sermons against the court and and by there was presented before the the hierarchy. 'For these he was at first window a rainbow, lying flat all along suspended and committed to the Fleet upon the sea, with the two ends close to prison, where he did not remain long: but the shore, and the bow from meward : he still continued the same course, and, in it was a perfect and entire rainbow, but 1636, he was called into the high com- because it did not as ordinary rainbows, mission court for two sermons preached on stand upright, but lay flat upon the sea, the 5th of November, and printed the it filled me with wonderment, and so fame year

with this title, “ For God and much the more, because looking both the King." Though this performance upwards and downwards I saw no cloud was undoubtedly gross in the extreme, yet for the rainbow to tublilt in, neither was his sentence was disproportionate to the the ayre moilt, it being a dry windy day. offence, which was, that he should be I observed, indeed, (putting my head forth degraded from the ininisterial function, at the window and looking upwards) stand in the pillory two hours, lose many broken little clouds driven away both his ears, pay a fine of goool. and with the wind, but never a one large then be imprisoned for life in Lancaster enough for such a rainbow; and the castle. June 30, 1637, he suffered the clouds moved apace, and palled away, most ignominious part of his punishment but the rainbow abode still for the space at Westminster, and he says, " that all of half a quarter of an houre, keeping the time he was in the pillory he thought its posture, lying Hat and iteddy upon the himself to be in heaven. For my re- fea; whereby it plainly appeared to be joicing” he adds, " and glorying was so no naturall and ordinary rainbow, but great all the while, without intermission, in fupernaturall and miraculous, Mine

eyes the pillory, that I can no more express it were taken up with beholding, and my than Paul could his ravishments in the mind with admiring it, till at length, third heaven.” July 28, he was con- whole as it was at first, it began to withveyed from London to Lancaster, where draw itself towards the north east, towards he arrived August 3d, but, in November England: I saw it move thus for the following, he was taken from thence and space of two leagues lying flat upon the conveyed to Guernsey, where, through féa till it vanished out of my sight. Herebad weather, he did not arrive in less than upon I began to be amuted in nyfelf fix weeks.

what this hould meane : Though his sentence expressed that he swaded that God had sent this rainbow?to hould be carefully debarred the use of me for some speciall use that I should make pen, ink, and paper, yet he found means, of it; but I knew not nor could imagine while in Guernsey castle, to write an an. what. I prayed againe that the Lord lwer to bifiop Land's “ Relation of his would be plealed to thew me what use to conference with Fifber,” which was as make of it. I hereupon calt my thoughts virulent as could be expected from the com- upon the first rainbow in Genesis, but plexion of the man. He likewise wrote thiat was set in the clouds as a sign of there forme other controversial pieces, but God's covenant that he would no more could not get them printed.

destroy the world by a flood of water.


I was per


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Charge against the French.

363 But what is this rainbow to that? This dicted in the Revelations of St. John, who 'is without a cloud and lies flat upon the are to lie dead three days and a half: and fea. Well, this interpretation I made of he even challenges to himself the character it, that forasimuch as I had earnestly fought of a prophet on this occasion. God for his church that day, and had not should I here," he says, “ conceale that received an answer of comfort, and being speech I used to some ininifters at Covenfad, God thereupon (without any my try in my passage to Lancaster castle, who seeking of a signe) presented before me being fad at my departure, I said unto a miraculous rainbow; I took it to be them, “ Come, be not sad, for three years sent of God as an answer to my prayers and a half hence we shall meet again and that day, and to be a signe to assure me be merry." And truly (abfit invidia that he would certainly and miraculously verbo) reckoning from the 14th of June, deliver his church which now lay floating 1637, whereon we were censured in the upon the seas of affliction, ready to be 'star chamber to perpetuall imprisonment : swallowed up. Upon this interpretation, it was just three years and a half when we I was so satisfied and filled with present returned from exile, even in the last moneth comfort, being fully perswaded of the of the three years and a half, myself being truth thereof, that I was never fad after sent for the very first day of that moneth. upon any such occasion ; and when at any Speaking of the promised restoration of time since I have been disconfolate for the the witnesles, he thus boldly applies it to church, I have presently reflected mine himself: “ Here let the reader still rememeyes upon my rainbow, and have there- ber that this treatise was written before my with been comforted afresh, and my heart return from banishment, and so towards remains fully established againit all doubts London on that Saturday the solemnitie and fears. I say my rainbow, as having thereof was so conspicuous and glorious, the sole propriety in it, seeing it was seen as it doth without any other application of none but myfélf alone.”

even naturally apply itself, as it were the He remained in this prison till Novem- most proper fulfilling of this prophecie, ber 15, 1640, when he was released by if either wee consider the manner of that an order of the House of Commons; and return or the effect it wrought in the adveron the 22d of the same month, he and the faries thereof, which cauted in them exfamous William Prynne who had been tream indignation and rage, even unto confined in the Illand of Jersey for a like gnawing of their tongues and gnashing of offence, landed at Dartmouth, from their teetli; and yet feare so poisessed them whence they proceeded to London. The that all their power and policy could not fame parliament that recalled them, de help.” Prefixed to the narrative of his clared the proceedings against them unjuít, own life, is his portrait, apparently by and voted them 5000l. each out of the Hollar, which, if a likeness, thews him to property fequestered from the archbishop have been a four and forbidding character. and other lords of the high commission. He was buried January 7th, 1647. It is natural to suppose that Burton's

J. WATKINS. popularity was increased after his return, and he was indeed greatly followed and To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. admired as a preacher, but turning inde- SIR, pendent, most of the London churches N the British Critic of February last, were fhut against him, particularly that of Aldermanbury, at the instance of the speech, of Dec. 11, 1798, in which that noted Mr. Edmund Calamy, against gentleman lays, that " when the town of whom Burton wrote a pamphlet entitled Sion in Switzerland capitulated to the “ Truth still Truth, though mut out of French, the women after being brutally Doors." &c.

violated, were thrown alive into the He also embroiled himself in a sharp flames.This is an act so abominably controversy with his quondam friends savage and unnatural, that I hope, for and fellow sufferers Prynne and Bastwick the honour of human nature, it never was both of whom were advocates of presby- committed by any individual of

any tery.

nation. To discover whether there are That he was very conceited will appear any grounds for imputing it to the French from the curious extract from his own on this occasion, I have carefully read the * narrative” given above ; but in the same first fix numbers of Mallet du Pan's " Merperformance he goes to an extraordinary cure Britannique,” in which he professes to length of assurance, in making himself no give, in detail, an account of all the enorLess than one of the two witnesses pre, mities perpetrated by the French in that



country. I found there no intimation of

The horse chesnut has thus been apsuch conduct, though Mallet du Pan, propriated by tlie inventive genius of the from the hatred he bears the French, French republic, towards forming another would have dwelt with pleasure on this and never failing resource for the compocircumstance. I likewise examined Lava- fition of gunpowder. Yours, &c. ter's account of the same event, but found

April 18,

W. A. Scripps, no mention of, or allusion to any fich thing. I may therefore, I think, with

To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. out any want of candour, conclude that

SIR, the charge is false, and rests upon no foundation whatever.

A I lament much, that a member of the

and the efforts of humanity, so House of Commons should print a speech try in which we live, which must be ac

much to the honour of the age and coun. containing a charge of such a horrid nature; for which, hitherto, there have knowledged with admiration, there is yet

room for the united efforts of mankind, appeared no grounds, and which I believe, is not to be found any where but in this That much has been done for the benefit speech. Besides, Mr. Canning, at the of Society will never be urged as an argutime of making this speech, was Under ment for a cessation of effort, whilft to

much Secretary of State for the foreign depart

more remains both requisite and ment; su that the charge was brought, in possible: nor should any one be discourasome degree, by the government of this ged in the attempts he would make in the country against the French. Charges of cause of benevolence from their compara

tive feebleness. this kind, unsupported by evidence, are of service to the French, as it affords them

The writer of this paper relies on the an opportunity of infinuating that other candour of your readers whilft he states ta charges, as well as these, are not founded them what has impressed him as an object in truth, but have their origin in the of the first importance to the welfare of malice and ingenuity of the British cabinet. fociety, which is to united as to be involBelides, the time must come, when the ved in the good order and happiness of its two nations will be at peace with each feveral constituent parts. It is that of other, and it is not becoming in any man, who are destitute of it, whether through

finding suitable employment for all those much less in those who have offices under the want of friends, of recommendation, government, and are paid by the people

or of character. The number of these, for far different purposes, to circulate tales of barbarities never committed, particularly among pitiable and unfortumerely for the purpose of keeping alive nate females is very great, who, in the and increasing the animosity that unhap- and injurious to it, but who might be

present state of things, are lost to fociety pily prevails between the two countries. I Hatter myself that every friend to hụ- either misfortune or vice has plunged

rescued from the wretchedness into which manity will join me in this opinion.

them, if some secure avenue were opened I am Sir, your humble servant, Bradford, Yorkshire, PHILO-VERITAS,

to them, by which they might be furnish

ed with the means of subsistence as the April 20, 1799.

fruit of their own industry. For want of To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. fome institution of this kind, manv hunSIR,

dreds, having lost their character by their N answer to the enquiries of A. B. C. folly, are, thoughi convinced hyr-fad expeconcerning the uses to which horse chesnuts any useful itation, and compelled to permay be applied, I beg leave to refer him petuate vice, and 10 ţink deeper in infamy, to the report of the proceedings of a body because none can, with propriety and safeof learned men at Paris, which he will ty, admit them into their employment. find in the French papers of August or Many may be too scrupulous and too seSeptember, 1794, (I am not exaci, as I vere in the requisition of character; but speak only from recollection) who dis. it is obvious that there are instances in covered a method of producing a fixed' which a loft character cannot meet with alkali from the horse chesnut : A decree that opportunity for reformation to which of the legislature in consequence passed on innocent and useful occupation would September 12th, that year, commanding highly conduce. But what cannot be all the citizens throughout the republic done by individuals, or by single families, who had horse chesnut trees, to store the in their separate capacities, may be reafruit for the service of the nation. dily accomplished by united effort, in a


1799.) Proposed Institution for Employment of the Poor. 365 public institution. Should it be objected, piness, and to the formation of a characthat the vicious part of society ought to ter and a neighbourhood on which fociety suffer the consequence of their vices, can place a dependance. though the truth of the position should The writer is personally acquainted be granted, in cases, where there is a dif- with cases which would powerfully enposition to continue in vice, it cannot be force the arguments that favour the puradmitted as a valid objection ; for what pose of this paper. He has known chais here proposed is to furnish the most ef- racters which have fallen into errors, in fectual means of securing those from the the moment of temptation, which threatnecessity of perpetuating their vices, who ened them with all the rigour of the are at present compelled to perpetuate world's frown, and, by exposure and exthem by a too just exclufion froin society, clusion, to all the horrors of perpetuating as well as to provide means of subsistence vice as a mean of support; who have, by for the innocently unfortunate, and not the kind and prudent intervention of beThelter any one in the continuance of vice. nevolent persons, been furnished with`an And certainly all the sufferings of the opportunity of obtaining a respectable most vicious should, as much as poflible, maintenance,who have afterwards regained be used as a mean of correction of their their usefulness in society, and have amerrors, and not of personal extermination. ply repaid the care and kindness bestowed Where it is in the power of society to do on them, by the most innocent deportment, it with sufficient safety, the door of peni- and the most assiduous attention to the tence and effectual reformation should be duties of their stations. And he has opened. Should it be said that there are known instances where young persons, houses of industry provided in every pa- whose manners and characters were, prerish, and that charitable institutions in viously, amiable, have, by the loss of reabundance have met with public encou- putation in the moment of temptation, ragement, it may obviously suggest it- without meeting any greater rigour than self as an answer, that most of the charac- usually, and with the general approbation ters that are here pleaded for are not of society, is exercised towards luch perlikely to recur to a parish poor-house till de- fons, been thrown out of all reputable {pair has driven them there to breathe their means of support, overwhelined with delast: and though the writer would be the spair of ever obtaining the forgiveness and Jalt to speak lightly of the charities of the regaining the confidence of society, have present age, yet he may be allowed to say, yielded to what seemed to them a necessity, ihat the operations of charity in general have plunged into vice and infamy, and want a method which shall give them died in wretchednefs and misery; and greater effect : that were a proper oecono-: thus terminated an existence which, as far my introduced into the mode of dispensing as the influence of it extended, and who charities, more good inight be done at shall say how far it did not extend, has less expense ; and that unless we relieve been an injury to fociety, when such a

poor and unfortunate, by putting them well timed and prudent exertion as is now in à method, and furnishing them with pleaded for, 'might have preserved them, opportunities of relieving themselves by and made them useful and happy in life ; the natural operations of their own powers, though, in point of prudence, our efforts of charity may become expen- of the power of individual families to ac, five, but will be comparatively ineffectual. complish fo desirable a purpose. How The writer of this paper has some concern bright a sun shall enliven the evening in the management of an institution where of their days who may fave such characgratuities are dispensed, which are of very ters from the disgrace and misery of pergreat service;

but he is persuaded that, petuated vice. in this and all other cases, except those The writer of this paper has also which respect the sick and the aged, were known persons of innocent and amiable the recipients provided with suitable em- characters, who, from unforeseen occurployment to support themselves without rences, from the mortality of friends, from gratuity, it would tend more to their mo- bodily indisposition, with a series of carals and their happiness; because, by lamities, have become destitute of the keeping them properly employed it would incans of support; and, from an incapa. prevent the vices of indolence ; and, city to have recourse to such employments though it would not render them impro- as offered, and finding it impossible to perly independent, it would raise them to meet with, or not knowing where to apply a degree of self possession, and self respect, for any suitable employment, have unawhich are neceffary to morality and hap- voidably funk into the most cheerless



was out

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