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1799.] Literary and Philosophical Intelligence.
323 born blind; previous to the operation, of its learned author for the last three feveral persons, among others, Citizens years;— The Natural History of the MounGARAT and LEBRETON, of the National tain of Saint Pierre of Maejiricht, with a Institute, examined him, in order to be Topographical Chart, and fifty four Splendid satisfied of the ideas he entertained respect. Engravings, from the drawings of Maring bodies. His an wers were plain and eschal, Natural History Painter at ibe Nadistinct. He had learned vocal music by tional Garden, and other able artists.” an artificial memory, kept time correctly, The provisional government of Piedand sung with an accompanymene. He mont have directed both the universiy of was not without some idea of colours, Turin, and the provincial college to be being able to perceive a strong light; again opened, "these seminaries having which afforded him a sort of twilight, they say greatly contributed to desseminate but too faint to allow him to distinguish the immortal principles of liberty." objects. He had however been taught to The public have been informed, that be sensible of a bright red. When placed the Directory have instituted a jury of obliquely he took notice of the Icarlet Artists to determine the respective value colour of c. GARAT's waistcoat, C. of the works of art ordered, and to be LEBRETON having shewn him a bobin of paid for, by the French government; and crimson filk, he said it appeared a kind of to settle and ascertain in what manner and red; but he could not at all perceive by what proportions the hundred thousand purple or any other dark colour. After livres, appropriated for the reward of a variety of questions put to him by the artists, are to be distributed and apporpersons present, he was left to rest for an tioned among the painters, sculptors, arhour. The operation was then perform- chitects, and engravers, &c. The followed, in presence of the administrators of ing persons coinpose this Jury: Vien, the department of the Seine, the members David, Gérard, Miynier, Vernei, Vincent, of the central bureau, Citizens GARAT, Naigeon, Fragonard, Barthelemy, Redouté LEBRETON, Mercier and Halle of and Morel-Darleux, Painters , Bienaimé, the National Institute; Citizens Thou- Thibault, Allais, Architects, and Giraud, RET and HAUY, and two eminent foreign Sculptor; with the following Suppleans physicians. It was extremely difficult or substitutes, Lebrun, Painter, and from the excessive mobility of the lens; Moitte, Ramey, Auger and Julien, Sculpbut the astonishing skill of the oculist, Citizen Fortenze, of the Hospice de The Historian and Poet Nanescuriez, l'humanité, surmounted every thing. The who died lately in Poland, has left bepatient, on perceiving the light, exclaim- hind him no less than three hundred and ed several times, how bright! and could fixty manuscript volumes, on a variety of not bear it: nor did the oculist wish him subjects, written and collected under the to attempt to make use of his new sense. patronage of the unfortunate Stannislaus, The complete result of this cure has not and a great proportion of them by his yet been published ; every thing however order. That monarch had enjoined the has the most favourable appearance. The learned author in particular to publish firit bandage was taken off his eyes the every possible document and account refourth day after the operation ; and it fpecting the first partition of Poland. was ascertained, that the light forcibly GERARD Dow's celebrated picture of itruck the new and still extremely delicate the Dropfical Woman, which the King organ. On the oth Pluvióle (28th Janu- of Sardinia, at the moment of his abdicaary) when the second bandage was taken tion, gave to Clauzel, adjutant general of off, the patient was fully examined. He the French army of Italy, has been by could scarcely yet support the strong that officer presented to the Nation, and light, but distinêtly discerned the Naa- is now placed in the central Museum of dows, and a deep green seemed to give the arts at Paris. him pleasure. He took notice readily and There is now publishing at Poris, in quickly of the motion from right to left numbers, a splendid work, intitled “ Plans of a body balanced before him, and form- of the Palaces and other modern Buildings ed a tolerable judgment of the distance of of Rome”. By. Percier, FONTAINE, a body exposed to his fight.
and' BERNIER. In the Paris Journal3, a work is an In the French National Museurn there nounced for immediate publication, which is, among other monuments of antiquity, Was been long and anxiously expected, one of great value. It is an inscription being the fruit of the unremitting labours of the names of the Citizens who fell in
the expedition under the Athenian Hero No city in Europe abounds with fo Cimon, in Egypt, Phenicia and Cyprus. many holpitals, and other charitable inThis testimony of the gratitude of a free ftitutions, as the capital of France ; for people towards their defenders, although not only the kings, but many wealthy only painted on wood, has exifted from the private individuals have expended im450th year before the christian æra, mense sums, in establishing philanthropic It was discovered in 1674, by Golland the asylums, which have rendered their me-, translator of the Arabian Nights Enter- mory revered by posterity, however untainments; and the French obtained pof. worthy in their private lite and character. session of it by means of Nointel their And it is to the credit of the existing ambassador at Constantinople.
government of France, that by far the The French government have put a greater number of these foundations in stop to the intended sale of the materials Paris, have been respected, and are still of the Cathedral of Rheims; the portal tolerably well supported, notwithstanding of which, a master-piece of gothic archi- the extraordinary and frequent changes, tecture, we are happy to find will be which the finances of that nation have thus preserved. It would indeed have experienced during the long continuance been a disgrace to a nation that boasts of of the revolutionary war. This confolaher collections of the monuments of art, tory remark cannot however be applied to suffer this admirable structure to be with justice to fimilar establishments in destroyed for the paultry value of the the departments, or the cou at large. price the inateriais might produce. We read of one particular initance, namely,
A Literary Almanack is announced, at the hospital of Aix in Provence, where Paris, to be published in September next, a respectable infirmary for the reception and to be continued annually. It will of intane and lame patients was formerly contain a systematic and alphabetically maintained, that the poor and wretched arranged list of all the men of letters now objects of this charity have for fome time living in France, or who have died since past been dismissed, there being a total the revolution, with their names, sur- deficiency of the means of supporting the names, the places and dates of their birth, current expences of the houle. Under their places of residence, and literary these circumstances, it is a grateful and titles, the titles of their works, the places interesting intelligence to the friends of where published, the different editions, medical icience and humanity, that the the pirated editions, the dates of publi- French councils have lately decreed the cation, the number of pages and volumes, sum of fixteen millions of livres, annually, with the forms and prices, including the towards the support of the National Hofsmallest tracts, and likewise the time of pitals. the death of those who are no more.
The French Directory have lately The King of Sardinia was in possession granted a gratuity of 500 livres 1o ANof a manuscript in six volumes folio, TOINE LASALLE, author of several inwhich he valued so much, as hardly to genious publications, who notwithstandpermit it to be inspected. It contains the ing his having been reduced to great works of a man toa little known, the distress, has for these two years past been architect Pirro Ligorio, who died in engaged in the trantlation of Bacon, and
This we understand the French already completed the works “ De dignigovernment, in whole possession it now is, tate et augmentis scientiarum," and " Nomean to make public; and in doing so vum organum," and nearly finished the they will afford a treat to artists and men work entitled, “ Silva fiivarum.” The of taste in general. Ligurio was a man Director NEUFCHATEAU concludes his of fortune and also of genius, an ar- letter to Citizen Berthier of Sémur, (where dent lover of the arts, and an indefati- Lafalle resides,) notifying this gift, in gable enquirer into the monuments of the following terms.-“It will be gratiantiquity. By a judicious and laborious fying to you to announce to him, that goattention to the remains of ancient build- vernment anxious to remedy as much as pofa ings, and to every vestige and authentic fible the misfortunes of persons of merit, account he could find, he has delineated grant him a sum of 500 livres, to enable Rome, as it was in the time of the Cæfars. him to attend to his translation of Broon, His works are enriched with admirable without being distracted by the painful details; and the plans which he has given sensation of neceflity.” have all the charming simplicity of the ancients.
( 325 ) ORIGINAL POETRY.
Now flames the camp, the distant fires
Still Raisiac quells the fierce desire,
To mingle with the war. His legions from afar.
The day is ours ! with joy he criesma
Friends! be no more dismay’d.
Fresh succours fly! the flames ariso!
Your fighting brethren aid !
The morn had purpled o'er the sky,
Ere all were well subdu'd : And now what misery appears,
Now in their turn th' assailants fly, Of every form and hue!
And fast the foe pursu'd. What youthful lovers bleed! What tears
Forth issuing from the gate in view, Affectiun's cheek bedew!
The timely aid they saw : See famine, gentliest of the train,
Again they turn the fight reneware That wars feli steps attend,
And hope from succour draw. Meagre and pale o'er heaps of Nain,
Now in the plain, beneath the wall, Her cager aspect bend!
A fiercer fight began; Even the who late her babe carrefs'd,
Like leaves in autumn heroes fall, For pity finds no room ;
As man encounters man. And long by cruel hunger press'd,
The field forever now were lost, Now meditates its doom.
But for a champion brave; Hard is the time for scarce a mcal,
Who stormed the onward rushing host,
And fierce his falchion drave.
Distinguish'd by the plume he wore,
Upon his beaver'd head : Still Raisiac, chieftian of the town,
Brave Raisiac saw him stain'd with gore,
Mix glorious with the dead.
The houts of victory now resound,
From Buda's rescu'd towers : His comrades meet in clofe debate,
The frecmen fly and widely round
Unsated veng’ance pours.
Th’ impatient townsmen now no mors,
By holtile arnies pent; Secure in sleep he cried;
Ruth to the plain, wide-carnag'd o'er, And deal unseen the vengeful blow,
With varied passions rent. Of death on every side.
There parents o'er their sons bewail The veil of night was thickly spread,
Death-fmitten in the figlit; They issue from the gate;
While some their sons exulting hail Their foes secure, no sally dread,
In victory and life. With wanton pride elate.
Such was the joy and bitter ruth,
On Raisiac ruth'd along;
And search, he cried, the vistor youth,
These bleeding heaps among. The hero's courage damp.
You'll know him by the spreading plume,
He on his helmet wore;
Hore on this spot he met his doom,
And here lies buried o'er.
"Tis fit, brave youth! a meed be paid, Arise, my comrades ! shame the foe!
To water such as thine; Arise! arise ! he cried.
Whoe'er thou art, thou shalt be laid, His voice tl'affrighted 1quadrons know,
Near Buda’s holy shrine. And croud their generals lide.
The dead removed now fair below,
The plumed warrior lay: He forms their ranks in haste, and flies,
His helm was marked with many a blow Where most the tumult grew;
Sore dealt on him that day. But friend met friend in night's disguise,
About their famed deliverer croud And brother, brother lew.
The anxious townsmen near : * This Ballad is founded on a fact related Some mourn his fall in accents loud, by Montaigne in his Essays.
Some drop the filent tear. MONTHLY MAG, No, XLIY.
Make way! make way! brave Raisiac cried, And keen affliction, with her soorpion wand, The heroe, let me see;
Would make a victim of the youthful heart. For, for his country never died,
How would my heart rejoice, could I relieve, A braver youth than he.
And wipe away the tear from sorrow's eye, Now lift he cries the beaver high,
The child of luffering, could sweet comfort And let me fee his face :
give, For hiin let no fond parent sigh,
Or change into a smile, the widow's figh. 'Twould such a son disgrace.
Alas the consolation I would grant The beaver rose-the youth he knew
To others, I myself must never know, My fon! my son! he cried
But if the means, the power to bless, I want, Nor more for fpeechless, pale he grew, I can commiserate, tho' not beftow. Sunk on the corse and died.
To St. Andrews Cathedral Church, Wells. THE CLOSE OF THE EVENING.
BY THE REV. MR. T. BOWEN. NOW the broad fun descends beneath the
ONG! may thy gothic pillows bear the fight,
weight The western sky is tinged with purple light. Which tower in beauty o’er their fender And oft retiring to lier bower of clouds,
form, Through amber veil the moon her form un Nor with rude cruih consign their change to
shrouds. In spiral volumes slow the smoke ascends, But brave the whirlwinds, and defy the Clings to the mist, and with the dew drop
storm. blends ;
Long! may thy solemn organs melting found Where past the hours of work, th’industrious Attune the mind, and pure affections raise, swain,
Roll through the vaulted roof and thence From hoarded weeds extracts a scanty gain.
rebound, The busy hum of day no more we hear,
To distant aisles, and die in songs of praise. Each separate found attracts the list’ning ear; Long ! may thy matin and thy evening bell And now the star of evening mounts on high, Change the soft transient brecze with calls And night that hides the earth reveals the sky.
And for celestial bliss the soul prepare.
Or should it chance to to!l in that dread hour,
When a departing ípirit droops in clay
May it revive the poor dejected flower, was steel'd
And país it blooming to the sealms of day. By sullen apathy, nor more would yield To sensibility's impreisive touch. But when thy melting glance my soul re AH who art thou of more than mortal birth, turn'd,
Whom heaven adorns with beauty's Tumultuous heay'd griefs agonizing &ght,
brightest beam, Unbidden tears then started in my eyes, On wings of speed why spurn's thou thus And love, soft tyrant, his lost pow'r resum’d.
the earth? But yet those woes with which my soul is « Known but to few, OCCASION is my name. fraught
“ No reft I find, for underneath my feet I scarce regret;now swell within my mind “ The eternal circle ralls that speeds my Those sympathies that glow for human kind
way ; Which erst thy charms mild beaming radiance “ Not the Atrong cagle wings her course fo taught :
flect, Then let philanthropy with love combine, « And there my glittering pinions I display, And round my throbbing heart io social “ That from the dazzling ught thine eyes wreaths entwine, ORLANDO.
may turn away,
« In full luxuriance o'cr my angel face, TO A SNOWDROP.
- Float my thick treses, free and unconfin'd, WELCOME tiveet harbinger of op'ning " That through the veil my fcatures few spring,
may trace; Thy penlive beauties caught my wandering “ But not one lock adorns my head behind, eye;
" Once part, for ever gone, no mortal might I've pluck'd thee, folitary flower, to bring, 16 Shall bid the circling wheel return again." Thy tender frame, where no rude blalts are But who is the, companion of thy flight? . nigh.
" REPENTANCE" if thou grasp at me in I fee, thou scarce canst rear thy drooping head,
vain, For frosts inclement pierce thy lovely forin, " Then muft thou in thine arms her loathBut I'll transplant thee to a warmer bed;
some form retain. My hand shall raise thee, and my fire Dall And now while heedless of the truths I fing,
Vain thoughts and food desires thy time emOh would some sympathising gentle hand,
ploy ; Thug raise the human flower, when misry's Ah, secut thou not---on swift but filent wing dents
The form that fimiled to fair has glided by.
TIFYING AND IMPROVING CHEMICAL
( 327 ) The NEW PATENTS, lately Enrolled. MR. DALE'S PATENT FOR AN IMPROVE- improvement, will be so generally preMENT IN THE CONSTRUCTION or ferred, as to afford an ample reward to
the ingenuity of the inventor; for, in a He perfection of musical sounds, matter of so much delicacy as music,
depends much upon the delicacy of even changes apparently the most night, the instruments which are employed to may prove ultimately of very high improduce them. No excellence of those portance. which we frame can equal the powers of MR. HICKLEY'S PATENT FOR BEAUthe human voice : even to give to the huinan voice its most exquifite musical expression, there are required a foundness Scarcely any of the arts of fecondand a delicacy of the organs, such as are dary necellity are more uleful than those not often to be found long co-existent. of the potter and the worker in metals, There is nothing that requires higher me. which furnith us with the common vessels chanical ingenuity, than the construction for the kitchen and the table, and with of those mufical initruments which are the other utensils of familiar domestic acwork of art.
commodation. We may Itill contemplate Proligious is the improvement which with envy the exquisite models of the muit have taken place in all that relates ancient etruscan vales, and the inimitable to music from the time of the shell, the femi vitrification of some of the porcelain, cymbal, and the instic pipe of straw, to of China : but it cannot be denied, that ihat diversity and complexity of structure the potteries and the call-iron works of which are displayed in the instruments of Britain, now provide many more elegant our modern inuticians. It is but vain utensils for the service of ordinary life, talk that ascribes to the music of the than are known to have been furnished by ancient Greeks, a power over the emo- the arts of any other country or any tions and affections of the human heart, other age. fuperior to that of the more coinplex, and The mere hardening of moulds of clay richer harmony of our coćemporaries. in the fire, could have, comparatively,
It is not long since many of the finest of but little utility, were it not for that the instruments of music were to be superficial vitrification of these moulds, found in greater perfection in Gerinany which fits them, so luitably, for culinary and Italy than in Great Britain ; but, utes. Chemistry teaching the choice of the wealth and grandeur of the great the proper carths, has contributed to per- , imperial and commercial capital of fart the inanufacture. We form from the London, have, at lat, we believe, fixed molt common and base materials, a fpein it as well the most ingenious makers cies of vessels more elegant and falutary of musical instruments, as the ableft in the use of them, than any that could mulicians in the world. Musical instru- otherwise be produced from matters the ments are exported from London to many molt precious and carc. The colours, parts of the European continent, as well too, which the Englih potter knows how as to all the more liftant dependencies of to communicate to the veftels which he the British empire in the East and the frames, and the ballo-relieve figures which West Indies.
he can impress upon them, make a wonIt is therefore, with very great pleasure, derful improvement of their beauty. that we see a new improvement made Mr. SAMUEL SANDY HICKLEY of upon to agreeable an instrument as the Birmingham, has obtained a patent for an Tambourine. Mr. JoserH DILE, an invention in pottery, which will give new ingenious musical-initrument maker in durability and elegance to the productions the parish of Mary-le-bone, has lately of this art. A mixture of filex or graobtained a patent for an improvement in nite in powder, with certain proportions the head of this inftrument, which is of litharge, and nitre applied to any likely to prove of very effential utility. earthen vetfel, and exposed to a vitrifying We respect the rights of the patentee too heat, has been found by Mr. HICKLEY highly to enter into a minute detail of to give a degree of strength and exterior the peculiarities of his invention : let it beauty, fuperior to whatever can be, by be fufficient to mention, that, by means other means, produced in this manufacof it, a more convenient teitim, and she His patent enables him to ule this upper part of the instrument is made more invention in pottery, without danger of apt to the fingers of the musician. We being immediately deprived of the benefit hould hope, that intruinents with this of it. His invention, however, extends