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oldest establishment, and is the principal my residence at Honduras, logwood was river, both in respect to the length of its not imported into Britain as an article of course, and the quantity of mahogany on profit, but merely as dunnage for the its banks, the inhabitants have formed a ihips. town, not of extraordinary size or ele- For the want of specie, payments were gance, but which is their principal ren- generally made in wood. The established dezvous, where the courts are held, &c. price for that purpose was 15l. currency and I may here mention, that in Sep. (10l. 125. 7d. Iterling) per thousand feet tember 1786, a tremendous hurricane and for mahogany, and 41. currency (21.175. inundation of the sea took place, which fterling) per ton for logwond, and these not only destroyed every house or hut in payments were not reckoned equal to the town, but either funk or drove on above two thirds of payments in cath or Thore every ship and veffel in the sertle- bills*. ment, and several hundred lives were lost The number of inhabitants in the at tea and on thore. So great was the year 1790, amounted to nearly two thouinflux of the sea, that I, who was upon land five hundred. Of there about fourthe spot at the time, was up to the neck fifths were negro llaves, and a great proin water on the highest ground in the portion of the remainder persons of cotown, and might have been drowned, had lour, or Mestces, being a mixture of I not, with a number of other persons, whites with Indians, or of whites or In. got into a large canoe which we fastened dians with negroes. Of this population to a Itout tree. As the greatest part of nearly three-fourths were emigrants from the town consisted of huts made of pal- the Musquito fhore, who evacuated that metto poles, and covered with palmetto country in terms of the convention of Jeaves, it was easily rebuilt ; and there 1786.

There are no Indians in the have been since erected some more com- distriett: fortable houses of wood and covered with Captain Uring, whose voyages I have hingles. The place has been also necef- before mentioned, gives no very favoursarily much enlarged to accommodate the able picture of the Baymen. He pro. emigrants from the Molquito fhore. nounces them a favage set of people, all

The trade of Honduras is of greater sailors and mostly pirates; who, while importance than is generally supposed : I they could procure strong liquors, lived had occafion to keep an account of it of- in the most beastly way, and gave

themficially for several years. That account felves up to all manner of filthy debauchI have not now before me; but froin ery. I am happy to say that there are memory I give the following statement of now many ir.stances of civilized, well it, as it was in the year 1790, when I left behaved, and well informed men among the settlement.

the wood-cutterss, but, I must at the It employed nearly one hundred vessels fame time confels, that the race of old of all descriptions, (exclusive of the coast- Baymen is not quite extinct. One class ing craft of the country) to the amount in particular comes nearly up to Mr. of twelve thousand tons burthen, having Uring's description, the turtle fishers, or on board about one thousand leanen. turtlers, as they are called. These, The exports were above four inillions of (though not pirates) consist of some hunfeet of mahogany, and eight hundred tons dreds of old sailors whom idleneis has of logwood, belides other articles of less led to this lavage life. They inhabit the consequence-The imports were all the variety of European manufactures, and

* The price of mahogany in London was provisions. Besides the value of the ex- then from 4d. to jod. per foot, now it is ports, and the advantage to the mother treble—the price of logwood not 5l. per ton, country from the confumption of hier ma- and now it is nearly five times that amount, nufactures; the reader will consider the About the year 1720, logwood fold in Engnuinber of learnen this trade employed land for 100l. per ton. he will consider the number of artificers + See more upon this subject, as well as employed in England to work the malo, on oihers respecting the Honduras settlement, gany, and he will consider the advantage

in the “ Memoirs of Edward Marcus Dea to this nation from the exportation of it Spard," late!y king's fuperintendant in that

district, just published by Ridgway. in its manufactured Itate. Of the dying

§ The roader will understand, that this woods the same may be observed, and as

settlement has attained a confiderable degree these are now in consequence of the war of civilization, when he is informed, that in become much higher priced, a greater 1789, an injured husband recovered by law quantity will be isaported; for dụsing damages against the seducer of his wife.


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1799.) Venomous Reptiles in Ireland....Housman's Tow, 289 keys before spoken of, where they subsift fure would, I am persuaded, result from mostly upon fish, and some salt beef and the discussion to the public in general, and biscuit, which they purchase on the con- your readersin particular. I am, Sir, tinent with the money they receive for

Your's, very respectfully, turtle. This money, however, is mostly Manchester, March 31.

INSCIUS, expended in rum, which is not allowed to grow old in their poffeffion. It will

TOUR OF ENGLAND, be easily supposed that neither the males nor the females of this class are reinark

(Continued from page 34.) ably delicate either in person or beha- Journal of a Tour through almost every county viour*.

in England, and part of Wales, by Mr.JOHN If I thould be asked, what is the re

HOUSMAN, of Corby, near Carlile; who ligion in this settlement ? I inust answer,

was engaged to make the Tour by a gentlenone to my knowledge. — Here is no man of distinction, for the purpose of cola priest, no church, no public worship. It lecting authentic information relative to is a subjekt, in short, never thought of. the state of the poor. The Journal comWhat a happy opportunity for the mis- prises an account of the general appearance fionary society to extend their pious la- of the country, of the soil, surface, build. bourst!

ings, &c. with observations agricultural,

commercial, &c. I am truly sorry to add, that in a country containing between two and TOVEMBER 13, went from Prefthree thousand inhabitants there is not a teign to Bishop's Castle in Shropschoolinaiter. One person attempted the fire, 20 miles.. I breakfasted at Knightask for some time during my stay at ton, a pretty little market town a few Honduras, but received little or no en- miles from Presteign. Before I reached couragement.

Knighton I passed over a large common, The political state of this fettlement, which, by cultivation, might be rendered and its natural history, will be the sub- very useful. The town stands at the bot. ject of a future letter. I am, Sir, tom of a deep narrow valley, along Your most obedient servant, which a pretty rivulet runs : the road I

JAS. BANNANtine. passed to and from Knighton, has a very Temple-ftreet, St. George's-fields,

quick descent into the town, and a stilt more rapid ascent out of it: most of the

banks are clothed with wood. I afterFor the Montbly Magazine. 'wards crossed a common of several miles MR. EDITOR,

in extent, and had a view of some others

at a great distance. These commons are PERMIT me to folicit the attention at

of some one of your many able cor- mostly dry, and naturally produce fern, reipondents to the following questions

and some whins or furze: the sheep deUpon what authority is the non-existence paft ring thereon are small. The foil of of venomous reptiles in Ireland afferted, this district in general is gravelly and dry, and

upon what denied? What is the most but a part contains a strongish clay: the philosophical cause assigned for such non

surface is hilly, but not mountainous : existence, if that fact be acknowledged ? tracts of wood - land, chiefly small oaks, What authors have best treated upon the appear here and there. This district is subject? In addition to the individual very much a corn country. Bishop's obligation which answers to these ques. Castle is a small ancient market town, tions would confer upon me, much plea- poorly built, and has about 1100 inha

bitants, who are farmers, coinmon trades

men, and mechanics : it stands in a plea* Here are a good many merchants and fant farming country: the farmers are several medical men, but no lawyers, nor any assembled here to-day at the fair, disposing artisans, except a very few carpenters and one of their cattle, and are as drunken and or two taylors. They admit 110 Jews to settle noisy as I generally found that clafs of among them. In Belize town there is one

men in other parts of the kingdom. Here Lavern, first established in 1786. + While Colonel DESPARD was at Hon

was anciently a very large and strong castle duras, in the capacity of superintendant of from which the town took its name, but his majesty's affairs, lie made repeated and

there is now scarce a vestige of it remainearnest applications to government to establish ing. The average rent of land is between a clergyman in this settlement, but without 203. and 30s. per acre, and the common fuccefs.

fize of farms is about sool. per ann.


Nov. 15. went from Bishop's Castle to morning the air was very mily, and af. Shrewsbury in Shropshire, 20 miles. The terwards a heavy shower of incw fell*, surface for the first 12 miles is unlevel; Shropshire is a fruitful and pleasant coun. and the foil rather barren, being generally ty, producing much corn, enjoys a mild a wettith poor clay, and naturally pro- air, and has plenty of coal and water. ducing rulhes: most of the hedges are The interior parts of the county mostly rather naked, with, here and there, a few level ; but towards the confines more hilly scattering trees. In this track there is and mountainous. Farms in this county auch diy hilly common : and a little to and Herefordshire are increasing in size, the weitward are fome black rocky moun- and dininishing in number. Ellesmere lains covered with heath, and sheltering is a Imall market town, but only like a a few groufe. Buildings mostly thatched large village : it is, however, pleasantly and very indifferent. The sheep of this situated on the confines of a large and country are small, but said to be profita- beautiful lake, to which most of the garble; their wool is reniarkably fine; 8 or dens on that fide reach.

On a rising '90 fleeces will weigh a stone, which, a ground near the end of this lake a houle farmer tells me, fells for 275. a very enor- of industry has lately been built, but is mous pricel a stock of 500 fetches about not yet finished : the proprietors have alzool. a number of them have lately been ready expended 8000l. thereon, and it is Tent into Scotland, for the purpose of eita. thought zoool. more will scarcely címblishing the breed on some of the finelt plete the building. A house of that kind bills there, but with what success I did new Montgomery has also been lately not hear. At the end of 12 miles I have erected and coft 12,000l. and it is thought a fine view of the country from a riling 5oool. more will be necessary to finish it. ground - The Cliefhire hills appear at a Much may be said both for and againt great distance on the north, the Welsh those large receptacles of poverty and mountains on the north west and the Shrop- misery, and wretchedness. I shall only, shire hills on the east; while the interme- however, observe, that to frame laws and diate space presents a fine, fertile, extensive regulations for the best management of the plain, witli the city of Shrewsbury smoke- poor, with a view to humanity and economy, ing in the center, and the Severn winding a very minute and practical knowledge of through it. The country along which their feelings, manners, tempers, notions, the lait 8 miles of the road goes is level customs, and prejudices is abfolutely reand pleasant ; inclosed with pretty hedges, quisite; and which I am afraid few of and the foil a gravelly foam. Shrewsbury our legislators take the trouble of making

ands in a remarkably fine situation by themselves acquainted with. Those who will the fide of the Severn, which runs almost make it their business to enquire nicely half round it: the ftreets are wide and into these matters, will find the dilpoliclean, and the buildings elegant. It con- tions of the poor widely different from tains 5 churches, and 11,000 inhabitants, those in more ealy circumstances, and of a few of whom are employed in a woolen liberal education. I am again approaching manufacture ; but that business is rather Wales, which the language of the people on the decline. Part of the walls, and testifies. They are fometimes conversing the castle, are yet standing. The famous in Welsh, and sometimes in English ; and house of industry, so noted for its fine you will frequently hear both languages regulations in the management of the in the same sentence: sometimes a ques. jnor, is erected on a beautiful eminence tion is asked in English and anfwered in on the opposite fide of the river, and has Welsh ; and the contrary. Most of the every appearance of a nobleman's feat. inhabitants on the borders of Wales

November 19, went from Shrewsbury Speak both languages; but I am told there to Ellesmere in Shropshire 16 miles. The are several villages in the interior and road good; soil generally dry; surface mountainous parts where very

few pretty level;

farms large'; small, badly speak English ; and it is common for the built cottages; and a few trees in hedges. old people, when asked by a more learned I observed near the road several peat acquaintance, why they do not, at least, mosses; peats are here much used forbuel. send their children to learn English, to reI also paffed 3 large lakes, the first I had mark that children learn loon enough te seen since I left Cumberland : one of these be proud, and that they ought not to comes up close to Elleinere. Red free

* I afterwards heard, that the night before, ftone, as well as blue flate, are got in this or early that moining, an earthquake was neighbourhood ; the latter refembles the felt in various parts of the kingdom; and hearier fort of Wetmorelandlate. This more particularly in Nottinghamshire.




Houfman's Tour continued.

291 make them more proud by suffering them gates have increased much.

This city to learn English. The native Welshmen contains 11'parishes: the cathedral looks. are very fond of their own language, and very old; it has been built with a soft red feem to lament the too general intro- free-tone, which moulders fast away : duction of that of England. There are the city walls, and many of the houses, both English and Welth schools in most are allo erected with that fort of stone. parts of Wales; and the clergy preach The river Dee directs its courle half in both languages. A Welshman is round this city, and then runs weitward, casily distinguished by his local exprel to the fea; but is navigable thus far for fions, when he ought to say the, he com- small vefels. Formerly the tide came. monly says hur ; he also subititutes him close under the walls, and covered many for it, &c.

thoufands of acres below the town. About November 20, went from Ellesmere to 50 or ho years since, on account of the Wrexham, in Denbighihire, North Wales, frequent shifting of the channel, which 12 miles - A pretty level country, and rendered the navigation rather dangerous, good road; the foil rather strong, and it was agreed to cut a new course for the produces tolerable crops of grass and river along a fine marsh on the south fude,

A great deal of wood grows in where the fea did not reach; this was the hedges, principally oak. This dis. done, and a good bank (which now aftrict is pleasant, and particularly near fords an extremely pleasant walk) made the river Dee, which the road croses. on the north side, which had the desired That river here, by its rapid murion, effect. No sooner was the river taken resembles most of those in Cumberland from its old channel, than another good and Westmoreland; its banks, in this consequence was likely to be the relult; part, are high and woody, and the vale but which they, at that time, had little below, level and remarkably fertile. idea of. As the fresh water now ceased Wrexham is a little market town, not to carry back to the sea fuch sediment as unpleasantly situated : the lead mines and the tide brought up, the sand rose by iron-works in the neighbourhood be- degrees, till, near Chester, it was almoft longing to Mr. Wilkinson and Co. (m. out of the reach of the tide, and was efploy many of the inhabitants. Farins fectually secured by a bank of sanda are worth from 2012 to 300l. a year, and This inclosed fand soon gralled over, rent of land about 255. per acre on an and now produces the most luxuriant, average. Here I found myself much herbage. Since that time feveral tracts obliged to the kindness and attention of more have rose high enough, and beer Mr. Wilkinson above mentioned.

inclosed in like manner, and with the November 22. Wrexham to Chester, fame effect. At present several thousands TI{ miles. The country quite flat, road of acres have been thus recovered; digood, fields fmall, and divided by pretty vided into beautiful fields with fine thorn growing hedges; the foil various, but hedges, windmills, farm-houles, &c. generally fertile, and much of the land built thereon, and let for from 173. to 3. iz grass. Chester appears from this road per acre. It is belides expected, that in at 8 miles distance, in the middle of an the course of a few years more, a still extensive plain. The site of the city is greater conquest may be had in this ufurprather higher than the adjacent country; ed dominion of Neptune. This is a it is well built, and kept clean ; the simple and sure means of reclaiming va{t kreets are generally airy and spacious. tracts from the sea, and practicabile in The buildings in the older parts of the various parts of this kingdom. I have, town are very curious ; warehouses and particularly noticed very extenfive difkitchens occupy the ground floor, shops tries on the coafts of Cumberland and the second floor, and the higher stories are Lancashire, where it might be applied far dining, lodging-rooms, &c. Before with every probability of success-Land the tier of shops on the second floor, thus acquired hould not be much ploughthere is a covered walk of confiderable ed, it answers beit in grass, and should breadth, so that people may go through be manured on the sward. A canal from most parts of the city quite dry and clean hence to Liverpool is just finished. in the wettest weather. Chester is situated

(To be continued.) on the great road to Ireland; it contains about 12,000 inhabitants, among'whoin are a number of people of fortune ; but

For the Monthly Magazine. is not remarkable for trade nor manu- MR. EDITOR,

Wine indulge ime with the line pod in good repair ; buildings out at the

fortion of the in


Of , and

your liberal and respectable work, for as spectres, faires, and the like shadowy, the solution of some of your learned beings. Thus a distinction is established readers, viz.-If a man be born in the between the suggestions of fancy, and the East Indies, or any of the fettlements ordinary motions of a lively imagination ; under the British dominions, his father which perhaps is a more just, though less being an Englishman and his inother a enlarged, conception of this faculty, than native, (but not born in wedlock,) in that of Warton's Ode. what light is he viewed in this country? Gray gives a representation of Fancy.

Your's, &c. LIBER HÓMo. that seems quite original. London, March 6, 1799.

Hark! his hands the lyre explore !

Bright-eyed Fancy hovering o'er
For the Monthly Magazine.

Scatters from her pictur’d urn

Thoughts, that breathe, and words, that burns ON PERSONIFICATIONS IN POETRY.

Progr. of Poesyo (Continued from page 114.)

There is fomething bold and striking F_the inore dignified pictures


in this imagery, but it is not correct. It

has a mixture of metaphor and common spirited, as that of Mr. Warton in his and thoughts, but an urn cannot contain

language. Fancy may suggest words justly admired Ode to this imaginary them. The painted vafe is a happy inheing.

strument or bearing for this fictitious O nymph with loosely-flowing bait,

personage ; but the thould scatter from it With buskin'd leg, and bosom bare, material forms, not sounds and ideas. Thy waist with myrtle-girdle bound,

Love, or the Cupid of the poets, is Thy brows with Indian feathers crown'd,

always an emblematical personage ; for I Waving in thy snowy hand An all-commanding magic wand,

know not of any instance, in which this Of power to bid fresh gardens blow

passion is personified under the character 'Mid cheerless Lapland's barren snow,

of one impresled with its influence. Nor, Whofe rapid wings thy Hight convey

indeed, except in the fable of Psyche, is he Thro'air, and over earth and sea,

made the objeet of delire. He is rather the While the vast various landscape lies type of the passion itself, abstractedly Conspicuous to thy piercing eyes;

considered. His usual figure, and the 0 lover of the desart, hail!

interpretation of it, cannot be better This is a portrait not less characteristi- illustrated, than by a quotation from cal, than beautiful; the elegance, fimpli- Propertius. city, and exalted power of this ideal Quicunque ille fuit, puerum qui pinxit nymph, all correspond with that vivid

Amorem, glow of the imagination, that taste for the Nonne putas miras hunc habuiffe manus? charms of nature, which are essential to Is primum vidit fine sensu vivere amantes, poetical genius. Accordingly, the poet Et levibus curis magna perire bona. has not scrupled to conter on Fancy the. Idem non frustra ventosas addidit alas, citle of " Parent of the Muses, and

Fecit et humano corde volare Deum. Queen of Numbers”, and invokes her as

Scilicet alterna quoniam jactamur in unda, the fole inspirer of genuine song. That

Noftraque pon ullis permanet aura locis. this is a deviation from the original im. Et merito hamatis manus eft armata sagittis, port of the tern, will appear from the Ante ferit quoniam, tuti quanı 'cernimus preceding quotations but it is a natural

hoftem, one, and has the sanction of great authority.

Nec quisquam ex illo vulnere fanus abit. Whether such an innovation in the esta. Inme tela manent, manet et puerilis imago ; blished mythology of poetry, inay not shock Scd certe pennas perdidit ille fuas. some rigid adlierents to classical doctrine,

Eleg. ii. I shall not presume to determine.

How rare the skill his hand poffess't Another Ode to Fancy of considerable That love in childish figure dress’t! merit, by Mr. Merrick (Dodsey's Coll. iv.) He first perceived how lovers wear

is formed upon the fame general notion Their wasted time in trifing care ; • of the character, though with a larger The god with airy wings he drew mixture of the wild and fantastic. She And with a hunian heart he flew,

How juftly too! for alas! is made the daughter of Melancholy by Our lives in ceaseless tempests passz: Hermes; and is laid in her appearance at Toft by alternate gusts we fail times to resemble cach parent. The ob- Nor e'er enjoy a constant gale. jects with which the impresses the mind, His hand a harbed shaft extends; are chiefly of the preferuatyral class; fuchA quiver from his back depends :

: Nor,


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