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mated with fresh vigour, their voice was stationed in the territories of the emperor heard, and united with the conquerors, that, always inclined to make peace, the they aslifted in forming the Neapolitan French republic had demanded a fatifrepublic, and organising a provisional factory declaration respecting the march government
of these troops, but the emperor bad not His Sardinian majesty, also lately de- given an anlwer. The executive di. posed by French republicans, was escorted rectory saw itself therefore under the neto Tuicany by French dragoons. He cessity of a lawful defence by making the then went to Poggio-Imperiale, a summer French armies take a position which palace of the Grand Duke, accompanied circumstances required, but declared at by Chifault a French officer, in whose the same time that as soon as the Russians presence he had a conference with the should have quitted the dominions of the Bope. This officer was directed to as- emperor, the armies of the republic Mould certain the health of Pius the VIth. but resume the position fixed in the convention found him too weak to travel, especially of Rastadt. by sea. The titles of the Piedmontese The proclamation of General Jourdan nobility were burnt on the 21st of Janu- to his army, was in the usual ftile ary, under the tree of liberty.
of exhortation to discipline and good order, Prince Frederick of Orange, who had by the observance of which the foldiers a command in the Imperial army in Italy, of the republic had already required so died on the 6th of January of a conta- high a reputation. gious fever.
These measures of the French governGeneral Jourdan is said to have ment were in a few days succeeded by passed the Rhine on the ist of March at more decisive ones. Kehl, with an army of 25,000 men; the In the council of five hundred on the right wing immediately proceeded through 13th of March Delbrel the secretary, Offenburgh into the Brisgau. The same read several messages from the council of morning, the French ministers at Rastadt, 'ancients, containing the resolution of that delivered a note and two proclamations to council on the subječ of the message of the deputation of the empire, to the fole the directory, stating that the French lowing purport :
republic was at war with the Emperor, “That the ministers plenipotentiary King of Hungary and Bohemia, and with of the French republic, appointed to ne- the grand duke of Tuscang. gociate with the German empire, had The directory in that message explained received orders from the executive direc- at length the complaints of the republic tory, to communicate to the deputation against those two powers, It declared, the subjoined proclamation. They ac with respect to the emperor, that the quitted themselves of this bufiness, by treaty of Campo Formio was misunder. adding a copy, certified by them, of this stood in its principle, and not carried inte proclamation, and of the address of effect in one of its principal articles, and general Jourdan to the army under his that the conduct of the Austrian cabinet command ; that they had orders to de- had been always in opposition to peace, clare, that the march of this army ought It reverted to the cold reception of only to be considered as a measure of the French ambassador Bernadotte at precaution which circumstances required. Vienna ; to the affront offered to him That the desire of peace on the part of there; to the hypocrisy of that court in the French government, ftill continued to the negociation of Seltz, which was the be lively and fincere, and that it continued more evident because Baron de Degellmann in the resolution to conclude a peace with did not repair to Paris; to the fending the empirt, premifing that the empire of Count Cobentzel to Berlin and would declare itself against the march of Russia, and to the difficulties raised at the Ruffian troops.
Vienna to receive the Cisalpine amThe pioclamation of the executive bassador. It finally demonstrated the directory stated, that the Emperor, re. hoftile disposition of the emperor with regardless of the convention made at Rastadt gard to the march of the Ruffians across on the nth of Frimaire (6th year), had Moravia and Austria, and who were then passed the river Inn and marched out of on the confines of Bavaria already occupied the hereditary dominions--that this move by an army of 100,000 Austrians, ment was combined with the march of The dire&tory in the fame mesfage, acthe Russian troops who loudly declared to cused the Grand Duke of Tuscany of have come to attack and combat the perfidy towards the republic, and of French republic, and who were actually connivance with the enemies of France.
239 It exposed his secret negociations with to attack all powers without distinction, the cabinet of St. James's, particularly whether friends or enemies, and every by the possession of Leghorn by the Eng- where to disseminate disturbance and conlith, against which, he merely opposed fution, had, in consequence of this prinill-disguised efforts. The message con- ciple, secretly prepared to fubjugate Egypt, cluded with a formal proposition of de- the most valuable province of the Sublime claring war against the Emperor and Porte, and which is the gate of the most the Grand Duke. It was ordered to be sacred and revered cities of Mecca and printed, and was received with shouts of Medina; that, therefore, the Sublime long live the republic !
Porte had found itself under the necessity It is said, that general Massena entered of repelling force by furce ; that the Subthe Grison country on the 2d of March, lime Porte was the ancient friend of the and took 5,000 Austrians, 24 pieces of Republic of Holland ; and that the cannon, together with general Auffen- Dutch, who carried on a very lucrative burgh and Chur the capital of the commerce with the Ottoman empire, had Grillons.
always endeavoured, during the time of The following appear to be the fitu- their independence, to render themselves ation of the French armies that have agreeable to the Sublime Porte. But crossed the Rhine. The column under fince the entrance of the French into Hol. general Bernadotte which crossed near land that Republic was deprived of its Manheim, of which it took possession, independence, and reduced beneath the continued its route with the utmost ra- yoke of the French Dire?ory, and, like pidity by Habelberg and Heilbron. It the provinces of France, its inhabitants is said that the general made this hafte were, in fact, become their subjects; that for the purpose of being before-hand with the Dutch ambassador was therefore enthe Austrians, and to form a line from joined to quit his residence within a week, Philingen to Heilbron, along the Necker, and informed that the ancient amity on both fides of which river are high would be re-established between the two mountains and advantageous politions. countries as soon as Holland should be feThe fame general, after crolling the parated from the French. Rhine, summoned the fort' of Philips bourg to surrender, which the governor His Imperial Majesty may now say refused. The army, under general Jour- with Cæsar, when he palled the Rubicon, dan marched directly into the interior “ Jaita alea efi." The march of the of Swabia, leaving a garrison in Offen Rullian troops, and other obvious indiburg. His principal head quarters were
cations of an hoftile disposition, having on the 5th of March at Villingen, in the at length induced the Executive Directory Black Forest. General St. Cyr, who of the French Republic to declare war commands the left wing of the French against him. army, has entered the dutchy of Wir The mission of Mr. GRENVILLE to temburg by the Kniebis mountails, and Berlin is said to have brought to light is faid to have taken possession of Stut. some fecret articles in the treaty of Campo gard. The Duke, who had been for Formio, between the Emperor and France, fome time at open war with the provincial the history of which is as curious as the diet, has repaired to Louisbourg. articles are interesting. The Abbé Sei
General Championet, after having yers, fearing that the proposals of the commanded at the conquest of Naples, British nislionary might be accepted, pre: has been put under arrest on the charge sented his Prussian Majesty with a copy of having infringed upon the power of the of the above-mentioned treaty, by which civil commissioner, appointel by the go- it appears that his Imperial Majesty had verņment to act with the army, and have betrayed the interests of the Empire by ing thereby been guilty of open insurrec- agreeing to surrender to the French Retion against the government. The coin- public the most important fortresses on miffioner Faypoult is his accuser. the banks of the Rhine, the poffeffion of
which had facilitated the march of the According to intelligence from Con- French army into the heart of Germany. ftantinople a note was transmitted from the Sublime Porte to the ambassador from It appears by intelligence from ConHolland, dated the 16th of January, stantinople dated the 15th of January, stating that the present government of that a defensive treaty was concluded on France, entirely disregarding every law the 23d of December 1798 between of nations, having adopted as a principle Ruslia and the Porte. By this treaty
both parties guarantee the empire of each that Tippoo's intention was to make other and the posseslion thereunto belong; some sudden and hostile movements as soon ing. In case of hoftilities by sea or land as events afforded him a favourable opagainst either of the contracting parties, portunity. But at the same time, no fears they are to fly to the aid of the party at were apprehended by the English, on acattacked with men, arms or money.
The count of a firm persuasion that not one of the affittance in men to be within three Indian princes would be found inclined to months after the requisition.--The con
make an alliance with him. tračting powers are to have in future the dition generally supposed to be against fame friends and the same enemies, and Japara, which is situated two hundred both parties have agreed to invite the and fifty-three miles east of Batavia, was Kings of England, Prussia, and other much the conversation at Madras, as well powers, to accede to this treaty.
as against Java, which lies to the south of Sir Sydney Smith arrived at Con- Sumatra, being only separated by the ftantinople in the Tyger towards the straits of Sunda, under the direction of latter end of December last, and by de the Batavian government. These Illands fire of the Porte took poífeffion of the were reported to have harboured all illicit beautiful palace of Bogios, with some traders, and to have warehoused a great French emigrants, and a guard of marines. part of the produce of Europe, which is He was soon after complimented with a
fiid to be carried out in fictitious bottoms. Turkith title of honour and assumed the character of accredited naval minister of The filter kingdom is still in a state Britain. It was supposed he would which excites the fearful anxiety of every direct the operation of the Turkish navy. friend to order and good government. AMERICA.
The enormities daily committed by a The whole expence of the govern
barbarous banditti on the one hand, and ment of the United States, including the the unparalleled latitude about to be given contingent expences of the several de to military power by the legislature on the partments and offices amounts to no more other, become alarıning to humanity. than 504,206 dollars. The expence of the The principal objects which have lately army is 4,202,005 dollars ; the expence engaged the attention of the Irish parliaof ships ordered to be built by cougress ment are the finances, and a bill for the 671,504,
and military stores fuppreflion of the rebellion. 233,000: maintaining the present naval Lord Castlereagh, on the 18th of establishment for an entire year 2,420,180; February, in a committee of supply, defor eight revenue cutters during the year
tailed to the house the military estimate 1799, 117,500 dollars. The whole lum for the year ensuing, of which the followrequired for the service of the year is ing is a recapitulation. about 6,524,617 dollars.
Expences. The loan of five millions of dollars,
.1,218,955 lately opened by the American govern
Militia, 26,634 759,012
687,485 ment, was filled in the course of a few
British, 23,201 days. Petitions continue to be presented
Artillery, to the American government, praying
1,500 7 Included in the Drivers, &c. 1,700
ordnance estimate the repeal of the acts generally known by the titles of the ledition and alien laws.
Total 137,590 The American congress are about to Serving abroad, 3,234 país a law to prevent the interference of private individuals in cases relating to
140,824 the concerns of the United States with
£-442,659 foreign countries.
132,00 It appears by intelligence from the
Expence, 4,266,910 East, that the Vakells of Tippoo Sul Miscellaneous including tan, bad for three months last part, been 6-98,327 for troops serving} 549,457 exceedingly buried in deputations to his abroad, highness the Nawaub Afloph Jah. In
Total expence, 4,815,367 dependent of this, they had endeavoured The resolutions for the above estimates to establish a communication with the were agreed to. nabob and Mahratta, and to open an
The chancellor of the exchequer intercourse by no means with i good brought forward his budget on the 25th vieve. It was generally believed in India, of February, and after some prefatory
State of Public Affairs.
243 MR. DUNDAS spoke against it.
also observed that he felt it his duty, as Upon a division of the house there ap- looking to the general interests of the eared for it 55, againit it 84.
empire, to see that the directors in LeaThe question respecting the treatment denhall-street should make compensations, of the prisoners in the Coldbath Fields either by exporting bullion or otherwise, prilon has been brought before the house for the increased imports which they drew of commons for the purpose of a fair in- from India. This was the more necefvestigation --MR. DUNDAS laid on the fary at a time when the company, how.
able the examinations taken before the ever opulent, felt it beyond their power to #nagiftrates at the last quarter sessions import the superflux of Indian wealth into especting this business. This and several the ports of these kingdoms. The sum reather papers relative to this subject were mitted annually to Europe from India afterwards ordered to be printed, and amounted to no less than five millions ; also a Conmittee appointed to examine but of this sum the means and capital of into the state of that prison, who were the company did not permit them to imempowered to send for papers, persons port more than two millions.
He was and records.
deterinined to try in some shape to bring Sir Francis BURDETT withdrew this wealth into the ports of this country. the notice for his motion for the 7th of and before the end of the present session March, on the subject as he wished to he should certainly submit the matter to avail himself of the inforination that the serious confideration of that house, would arise from the above arrangement.
and crave their advice as to the best means [In our next we ih ill b: enabled to give the of securing to this country that pre-emiresult of this enquiry.)
nence to which it was entitled. The On the motion of Mr. Pitt on the 8th resolutions were read and ordered to be of March, the house in a committee of reported the next day. supply agreed to grant 150,000l. for MR. DUNDAs on the 15th of March, foreign secret service money for 1799, and after stating that our volunteer cavalry also that an aid of goool, should be granted amounted to 30,000 which rendered the to the Turkey company.
provisional cavalry not yet called out, no MR. DUNDAS on the 12th of Marchi, longer necessary, moved that such of the the house having resolved itfelt into a laiter as were embodied should be put committee on the state of the finance of on the establishment of fencible cavalry India, gave an elaborate detail of what which was agreed to. On the motion of is generally called the India budget. At the same gentleman, the bill for reducing ter going through the various calculations the militia frein 106,000 to 82,000 was usual on there occasions, he observed to ordered to be printed and a committee the committee that the affairs of the appointed. company were better on the whole thin On the 16th of March the resolution of they were in the preceding year by the ca mmittee of supply for granting 413,2201. But he did not mean to give 226,000l. for the reliet of the luffering this in an unqualified way, for there was clergy and laity of France now in this a disputed article between the nabob of country and the American royalists, was Arcot and the company, which amounted agreed to by the house. to no less than one million sterling. The
It appears by a proclamation issued company were trustees for the creditors of from the court of St. James's on the 15th the nabob who clained their initalments day of March, that lome attempts have as usual during the last war in India. been making to organise rebellion in The revenues appointed for the payır.ent of this country. This proclamation states, these intalnients had unavoidably been " that there is realon to apprehend that employed in defraying the expences of divers persons engaged in treasonable that war. If the company were now to conspiracies in the kingdom of Ireland in make good this sum they would of course concert with our foreign enemies are enItand in a worse situation by 600,000l. deavouring to incite and stir up rebellion But when he recollected that fince the and war in this country.-'That for the year 1786 at which time the accounts of reason the privy council do strictly order the company had been first put into a and charge, that from and after the 20th of proper train, their capital had been in March no person whatloever be permitted creased in no less than eleven millions, he to pais from Ireland into this kingdom, could look without any dismay on this except persons in the public service and deficiency or on any ftagnation which such perfous as fhall' obtain a passport might occur during the present war. He for that purpose from the Lord Lier
list was divided into eight classes. The of commons, but he was forry that he first appertained to the personal con- could not relurn him (Mr. Tierney) the venience of the sovereign and the dignity compliment. His last speech he contendof the crown. He next adverted to the ed, to have a quite different tendency, provision made for the judges, Lord or he misrepresented public facts, merely Chamberlain, the master of the horse, the for the purpose of casting public odium in steward of the household, the expences of that quarter to which the honourable messengers, minifters, &c. With respect gentleman just adverted. Mr. Pitt to the household establishment of the then recapitulater his former statements ; crown he aflirted there was a lavinę, which he asserted that the civil list did not must be an object not only of applause, amount to more now than it did twenty but surprise to parliament.
years ago, though in thế household exHe next adverted to the salaries of pences there was a considerable increase. foreign ministers in which from the litua- The house divided on the motion, when tion of affairs there was a de
there appeared ayes 83, noes 4. crease of
£27,000 On the inth, the bills for granting an In the lord stewards' bills there
annuity of 12,000l. per annum to Prince was an increase of
36,000 Edward and Ernest Auguftus, and for The actual expenditure was
establishing his Majesty to provide equal. from 8o to
90,000 ly far the Princesses Elizabeth Sophia, Under the head of occasional
and Amelia out of the hereditary payments there was an ex.
fund of 30,000l. granted by parlia. cers of
74,000 ment for the inaintenance of his Majesty's This excess was occasioned by the pre- daughters, were read a first time. In the sent state of foreign affairs and the num- course of discussing these bills it appeared ber of messengers necessarily employed. that the civil litt not withstanding the He then stated the law charges which utmost economy had fallen 40 or 50,000l. encreased in proportion to the number of in arrears and therefore wholly incomftate crimes, by which the civil litt incur- petent to support the proposed and necefred an expence of 10,000l. per annum. faly establ.ihment for the two princes. The next head of expence was the police It also appeared, that besides the permanent which was naturally connected with the 100,cool. a year granted to the civil list, latter and this amounted to the luin of between two and 300,000l. arising from 25,000l.
the Dutchy of Cornwall, during the It appeared from these statements, he minority of the Prince of Wales, had not faid, that the expences of the civil list been refunded to his Royal Highness. could not be augmented; he therefore MR. WILBERFORCE on the first of moved “ that it was the opinion of the com- March, addressed the house and said, he mittee that a sum not exceeding 12,0001. had to frequently brought the question of per annum be granted out of the consoli- the Have trade before them, that he did dated funcias a provision for Prince Einelt. not think it neceflary to go to any great
Mr. TIERNEY faid he wished to see length into that business. Since the firit every branch of the royal family to be plit time he had addreffed parliament on this upon an happy and comfortable ettablish- fubject he observed thai events had occur: ment, but he at the same time thought çd which had a material effect on the that ihe civil lift ought to bear every ex., habits and temper of his mind. Twelve perce attending íuch eftablishments. He years had elapled since be first moved for exprelied his sorprite that the charge for the abclition of the African llave trade : foreign nefsengers thould be greater now the question then excited a considerable than when we had ambassadors at all the fare cf intereft both within and without foreign courts, and contended that the the walls of that houle; but he was items ouglie to be furnished. The pre- forry to remark from what had since fent measure he declarid was calculated to occured that he was inclined to believe calt odium where no good subject would that much of that interest was created hy with it to attach, and was iuíficient, in the novelty of the question. Days, weeks, spite of all the anti-jacobin fpecches made and years he had given up to the investi in that houle by the right honourable, gation of the lave trade and waited gentleman, 'to procure for him the thanks patiently since the year 1791, in the hope of every jacobin in the kingdom. that his exertions would he followed up
Mr. Pitt in reply taid that the ho. by the abandonment of that abominable nourable gentleman had charged him with and iniquitous fyftem.' uttering anti-jacobin Speeches in the house MR. Pitt lupported the motion.