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1799.]

( 233 )
VARIET I ES,
LITERARY and PHILOSOPHICAL;
Including Notices of Works in Hand, Domestic and Foreign.

Authentic Communications for this Auticle will always be thankfully received.
THI

HE plan for an Institution for the ap- philosophy and chemistry in the academi.

plication of philosophy to the improve- cal institution founded at Glasgow, in ment of the mechanical arts, which was an- confequence of the will of the late nounced in the last number of our Magazine, professor ANDERSON, has been for is, by the active and patriotic zeal of some some time laboriously engaged in the of the most eminent persons in this coun composition of a work upon the Topotry, now advancing, with surprising rapi- graphy, the Antiquities, and the Natural dity, into full accomplishment. Its History of the Highlands of Scotland. author is COUNT RUMFORD ; a man It will fill two volumes in quarto ; and who has visited various parts of the world, will be accompanied with maps and other and to every one he has visited, has been illustrative engravings. It is now nearly a distinguished benefactor. Nearly three ready for the press. thousand pounds sterlingo have been The Rev. Mr. Tooke, formerly already subscribed for the purpose of de- Chaplain to the British Embassy at St. fraying the expences of the establishment. Petersburgh, is now employed in the The contributors are to consist of three composition of a Topographical Work upon classes; subscribers of fifty guineas each; the Provinces of the Rusian Empire, subscribers of ten- guineas each ; fub- which will nortly be given to the fcribers of two guineas each. The public. subscribers of fifty guineas are to be The publication of the Works of Sir managers and hereditary proprietors of WILLIAM JONES which the public were the eitablishment. Subscribers of ten led to expect in the beginning of the guineas are to have for life, free access month of March,has been delayed in confeto all the uses of it. Subscribers of two quence of the communication to the editor, guineis, are to have similar accels but of genuine materials for an additional for the space of a year only. The establish- volume. It will take place, early in ment is to consist of a Repository for the May. The editor is the Dean of St. preservation of models of all new inven- Alaph's. tions in the arts,--of an office of correr There has been lately communicated pondence for receiving and communicat to the Royal Society of London, a very ing information concerning all curious anatomical paper

which accounts, improvements which the arts receive by a theory of great ingenuity and timin every different part of the world- plicity, for the origin of whatever is of an institution of LeElureships for peculiarly and strikingly masculine in the the application of science to the in appearance and manners of any indiviprovement of the arts. The subscribers duals of the female sex, in any species of of fifty guineas eacli, already amount animals; and, on the contrary for any nearly to the number of lixty. They thing remarkably feminine in tire appearhave had one or two meetings, have ance and manners of individuals of the elected a Committee of managers ; and male sex. have agreed to apply to the crown for an Dr. Guthrie of Petersburg, has reincorporating charter. The tollowing are cently communicated to his friends in the names of the noblemen and gentlemen this country, a diversity of remains, apwho have been chosen as the first managers parently of Egyptian Antiquity, which of this institution : EARL SPENCER, were found upon the shores of the COUNT RUMFORD, RICHARD CLARK, Euxine sea The Doctor, has for some Efq. for three years:--The EARL of time, taken pains, at a very confiderable EGREMONT, the Right Hon. Sir J. expence, to forin a collection of remains BANKS, RICHARD JOSEPH SULLIVAN,' of ancient art from the banks of the Esq. for two years.--The EARL of Mor- Euxine. His object is to ascertain, if TON, the Right Hon. Tho. PELHAM, possible, some capital historical facts conTho. BERNARD, Esq. for one year. cerning that Egyptian Colony, which some

Dr. Bedoes anvounces for publication hints in ancient Grecian history, reprein two or three weeks, an essay on Pulmo- fent, as having formed a settlement in nary Consumption for the use of families. Colchos. He is exceedingly desirous to

Dr. GARNETT professor of natural be made acquainted with any new facts „MONTHLY MAG. No. XLIII.

Gg

con:

new

concerning that obscure portion of ancient the Medical and Physical Journal confirms history, which may have become known by new and strong cases, the usefulness of to the learned in this country.

the application of cold water in fevers The Rev. Mr. LAPslie minister of lately developed by Dr. Currie of LiCampsie, a Scottish Clergyman, who has verpool. greatly diftinguished him elf in the

The apple-trees in the English orchards general assembly, and other courts of the having been much injured of late years church of Scotland, by copiousness and by an inteet appearing like a white effiloparade, if not by pointed propriety and rescence, which, being bruised between the true persuasiveness of eloquence ; has fingers, gives out a blood-red Auid, Mr. been for several years employed in the FORSYTH has discovered a remedy for composition of a History of the Church of this disease, which confits of a mixture Scotland; which will also, necessarily in- of human urine and cow-dung, of the voive much of the Civil History of that consistence of paint, wherewith the incountry, during the last century; which fected trees are to be anointed about the would have been ere this time, ready for the end of March. press, had not his house been some time since

A magnificent work is now announced set on fire, by the malice of a militia at Paris; «Fi 7uresque Travels into Syria mob, and his manuscripts reduced by the Phenicia, Palestine, and Lower Egypt.The conflagration, into the state of the less celebrated French painter Cassas, in the precious ones of Herculareum; but which course of his travels in the above countries, will now, at last be speedily fent forth, to having executed a great number of designs, gratify the impatient curiosity of the has procured the allistance of several emipublic.

nent literary characters, particularly Du. Dr. Jenner, to whom the world is in THEIL, LEGRAND, and LANGLES, to debted for the important information re introduce this work to the world in a lative to the preventive uses of the cow Mape that will do honour to himself, his pox, has in the press further observations associates, and the nation. This will be on that disease, which will speedily be the more readily believed, when we learn published.

that the French Government, feconding At Guy's Hospital the following are prize the efforts of the author, have undertaken questions for the present year.-What is the to furnish the whole expence required for origin of the cow-pox-and in what does the splendid engravings, as well as printit differ from the small-pox--are its effects ing the text. on the human constitution milder than

A fingular coincidence has lately taken those of the inoculated small.pox--and is place in respect to an extraordinary puba patient who has been inoculated for the lication. I wo authors, Mr. WOLKE, cow-pox, and experienced its conftitua German professor of the institute at Delo tional effects, equally secure from the fau, and the learned citizen MEYVIEUX, contagion of the small-pox

of Paris, have almost at the fame time an. How do the vegetable and mineral poi. nounced the discovery of an universal fons act upon the body ?--and what are fymbolical language, which all nations the best means of preventing their delete. may re dily understand, without the nerious effects ?

cessity of translation from the language of Mr. Alexander Thomson, of Scot. the writer to that of the reader. The land, the author of two poeins entitled, German calls his system Pahphrasa, and The Paradise of Taste,” and “ Whift," the Frenchman stiles his Pafigraphie. has in the press, we understand, a poeti. Which of these ingenious men has the best cal work of soine considerable extent, to title to originality may be worth enquiry. be entitled, Pictures of Poetry.".

The idea is far from being new, but it Mr. Thomas CAMPBELL, of Edin- has never been reduced to practice. Biburgh, is also printing a poem entitled, shop WILKINS, in 1668, published " An The Pleasures of Hope," in two parts, Elay towards a real Character, and a with engravings, designed by GRAHAM. Philosophical Language.And about the

The new edition of Biographical same time Professor BECCHER, the celeMemoirs of Public Living Characters of brated chemist and physician to the elector 1798-9, has been deferred by the quantia of Bavaria, published a book entitled ty of new and original materials that Charactèr pro notitia lingucrum univerhave been communicated to the Editor's. sale." And in the year 1772, a noble

A letter from Dr. Eustis of Boston and learned Hungarian writer, GEORGE which appeared in the first number of KALMAR, wrote an ingenious and elaborate

trca

ments.

1799) Articles of Foreign Literary Intelligence. 235 treatise ; which, from the distressing fa- their works, must send their manuscripts mine which that year pervaded the coun to the distance of two or three thousand try, never got properly into circulation. miles. All foreign publications which It was called “Præcepta Grammatica may appear dangerous to the cenfor, are atque Specimina linguæ Philosophice five to be burnt, on the Apot; and, in order universalis, ad omne vitæ genus accommo that they may come under the immediate data." This work contains general notice of the cenforship, they are to be rules for an universallymbolical language, translated previously into the Russian lanillustrated by a great variety of examples, guage. Many numbers of the Universal which the inventor has selected from phy. Gazette of Literature of Jena have been fical, mathematical, juridical, medical, already prohibited at Riga, and among chemical, metaphysical and moral works other books, the German work of Madame of different writers; he has also added MEREAU : Das Bluthen alter der Empone of the plalms o: David expressed by findung, that is, the age of sentiment, or fymbols, to prove how concisely every wherein sentiment frourishes. It was reidea and sentiment may be represented by served for the Russian censors to inform means of characters, the construction and the rest of Europe that this is a very danuse of which may be easily retained in mt gerous work, and which truly would mory, and applied to practice.

hardly have been deemed so any where The Jena Reviewers state a request else. Thousands of perions who lived by that has been made them by a clergyman, their typographical labours have been reto give the review of books of religion duced to indigence by these new arrangenot in the vernacular, but the Latin language, in order that the comments and Among other works, which have not observations fometimes necessary to be yet been burned, but have been confiscat. made on sacred subjects, may not be made ed, are the following : The Livonians, too familiar to the vulgar, the rage for by M. MERNEL, in German ; the Species investigation into matters of religion, hay tator of the North, in French ; of the ing begun to extend itself through Germa- works of VOLTAIRE, his Correspondence ny in an alarming degree.

with the Empress ; Le Salon, of DIDEROT ; The Imperial Free Economical Society and the Universal German Library (Allgof St. Petersburg, have lately presented meine Deutsche Bibliothek) one of the most one of our most eminent artists and ma- ancient, complete and best literary gamufacturers (Mr. BULTON, of Soho, zettes in Germany. near Birmingham) with an Imperial di.

The fociety of natural history of Bourploma, which has been transinitted to him deaux, has been lately created into a soby the hands of the Russian ambassador. ciety of sciences, Belles Lettres and Arts;

There has been lately published at Co- it is divided like the National Institute, penhagen, in the only Norwegian Jour- into three classes; the Mathematical and nal printed, a discourse delivered to a Physical Sciences; the Moral and Politiparty of patriotic friends at Christiana, cal Sciences ; and Literature, and the fine by 1. N. Wilse, a respectable and Arts. learned clergyman, “ On the national in, Citizen HUZARD, in a literary and activity and apatby that prevails in places bibliographical history of a disease in far from the Capital; chiefly applicable to horses, viz. an involuntary spermatic Norway; with a view of the progress running, designed to be a lequel to a and impediments to the formation of a na Limilar work published by himn in 1787, tional Academy. The sentiments contain- and wherein he fets aside the only means ed in this discourse, by a person so much of cure, hitherto employed among all respected; the patriotiim it inculcates, nations, as astringents and corroborants, and the energy of its language, are faid and recommends,

what has never yet been to have produced a very tensible effect suggested by any author, the application upon the Norwegians, attached as that of a cautery ; ainong other curious litepeople are to ancient opinions, and who, rary researches, advances and proyes, that of all the nations of Europe, retain most the Spaniards, whose scientific works of original character.

and labours are but little known in Eu. By a late ukafe, all private printing rope, possess a well-founded claim to a offices in Russia are suppressed, except very diftinguished rank among authors such as are in the largest cities; in five who have treated of the veterinary arts. only of these, tribunals of censure are to LAHARPE, whose name is so well known be erected, and persons inclined to print to the learned, by his Course of Literature,

Philoftetus

LA

Philostetus, &c. has lately published a nium, and three fourths of the muriatie Proll Hudibrastic work, the Psalms of acid, and stop it closely with a glass David, in the Capuchin stile.

stopper. Let the bottle stand in a cool and A society of Agriculture, and Rural not too light place, until a certain degree

conomy, has been lately formed at of heat, which the mixture produces of Paris, in which are the names of Citizen itself, indicates its forming new combiCReuze

TOUCHE, GILBERT, nations. The minium loses a consideraTHOUIN, DESFONTAINES, DUBOIS, ble part of its oxygen, which remains CRETTE-PALLUEL, TESSIER, CHA- united with the liquor ; and the liquor BERT, and many others, well known in acquires a rich gold colour, and the smell the annals of French agriculture. of the oxygenated muriatic acid. It holds

The celebrated painting in fresco of in solution a small part of the lead, which Correggio, representing in varied compart- no wife frustrates its effects. To use the ments, adorned with gurlands and fel- liquor thus prepared, get a large plate of toons, Diana returning from the chace, glass, and form around it a border of feated on a gilt car, drawn by two fawns white wax, about two inches high, and of a dazzling whiteness, groupes of cu. very even. On this, the prints must be pids, fome carrying the instruments of laid in lye, with a little fresh urine, or the chace, others trailing the head of the water mixed with some bullock's gall. Afstag, which Diana has pierced with her ter three or four hours, replace this liarrows, &c. a temple of Jupiter, with quor with warm water, which must be re. a priestess facrificing at the altar ; Velta newed every three or four hours, till giving suck to Jupiter : the Fates cutting it pours off clear. When this liquor the destinies of men ; the Graces ; Fortune happens to appear refinous after soaking mounted on a globe, with a rudder and the prints, they should be steeped in a a cornucopia at her feet, &c. lately found little alkohol. They should then be in the inonastry of San Paolo at Parma, drained of all their moisture, and afterand concealed for about two hundred and terwards covered with the oxygenated eighty years, will be foon exposed to the muriatic acid liquor. Upon the wax borpublic eye, so as to become a new school der should be placed another plate of of taste, and a new object of emulation glass, of the same size as the lower plate; for artists. In the mean time, and tilt to prevent the dangerous effects of the this object can be accomplished, the smell of the acid. In one or two hours' celebrated BODONI of Parma, so well the most discoloured prints will thus be known for his masterly execution in ty- restored to their original whiteness. Afpograplay, and whose fagacious activity ter pouring off the acids, wash the prints extends to every branch of the arts, has two or three times in pure water, and let procured designs from this painting, made them dry in the sun. To oxygenate the by the most celebrated artilts, and pro- muriatic acid for the above purpose, m.inposes to engrave them in thirty-four cuts, ganese may be used initead of minium, to be executed in the crayon manner, in the same proportion, and perhaps with by FRANCESCO ROSASPINA, an able better succeis. and eminent engraver of Bologna. A Ruffia has made as yet small progress firit essay calculated to gratify the im- in the Fine Arts. They ferve, however, patient curiosity of the public, and to for amusement and subjects of conversaexhibit an idea this beautiful work, tion. A Tyrolese named Lamri, a very has just appeared, and has been received indifferent artist, in a short time realized with all the lively interest which the 150,000 roubles in painting portraits : name of Correggio must ever inspire. he was all the fashion, and nobody cared

The famous coloffal bust of Jupiter what they paid to have their portraits exeattributed to the statuary MYRON, an cuted by hiin. His pictures have a softAthenian, taken from the garden of ness disgusting to men of taste; his coVersailles by order of the minister of the lours are all alike fine, without regard to interior, has been lately added to the situations; he pays no attention to light grand collection of antique statues in the and shade; he has none of the variety and museum, it is deposited in a niche, in the boldness of pencil which characterise a middle of the hall of entrance.

great artist. While this painter's repu. The following new and simple method tation was at the zenith, there arrived of cleaning and bleaching copper-plate at Petersburgh the celebrated Doyen, prints has been discovered by an Italian the historical painter, one of the first ar chemist, Signior FABBRONI. Fill a tists of France; but, whether from an Arong glass bottle half full, with a mix- excefs of modest reserve, or from whatever Ture of one fourth part of red lead or mi. other cause it proceeded, this eminent and

ingcuious

1799.)
State of Public Affairs.

237 ingenious' painter met with no success. examination, either close or at a dittance. It is even said that he has not been paid The designs are pitiful, their colouring for the four cielings which he painted for like chalk; and defective as they are, the winter palace of the Emperor, a work they appear itill worse when placed, as worthy of a reward truly imperial. There we find them, in the collection of the is also at present another eminent foreign Grand Duchels, by the side of the masterartist at Petersburgh, M. LE BRUN, piices of Vandyck, Rubens, and Remfirst statuary to the late king of Poland, brandt. The only other artist of emiwhose works were so much in estimation nence to be mentioned is M. KLAUBER, at Rome in 1766 and 1767 that his busts Professor in the Academy of Petersburg, were put in competition with those of &c. one of the first engravers in Europe. Bernini and LE MOINE. The Pope He had several works of consequence proand several of the cardinals had busts pored to him, which have been prevented modelled by LE BRUN. But at Peters- by the death of the Empress. He has burg his works attract no notice : he has engraved a portrait of the Emperor after never been able to procure a fitting of the a very indifferent French painter ; the Empress ; and it was very lately that he King of Poland after Madame LE BRUN; was allowed the honour of standing be- and very lately the Grand Duchess Elizahind the famous Madame LE BRUN beth after the fame, which will be pubwhile the painted her Majesty. Madame lished. How can we be surprised at this Le Brun, for a female artist, is cer- corrupted taste in the fine arts in a tainly not withont talents ; but the has country where the libraries of most of the little' depth; her pictures will not bear nobility are furnished by the tarpenter !

FRANCE.

THE

STATE OF PUBLIC AFFAIRS,

In March 1799.

lazarori marched in 'a body to the very *HE important event of his Neapolitan walls of Capua, which they attempted

majesty's being driven from his ca to take by affault. The 19th and 20th pital and his throne, was noticed in our of January were spent in fruitless efforts fast; since which, some interesting par to this end, in which they were dreadticulars relating thereto have transpired. fully cut up by case shot. Hearing, at The situation of general Mack in Capua length, that a French column was at the becoming desperate, a great multitude of gates of Naples, they marched rapidly peasants and lazaroni assembled in Na. back to affiit their comrades, who obples, where the French troops were ex itinately defended the avenues of the city. pected soon to arrive, and proclaimed After blocking up the streets with the prince Militorni, who had gained their furniture of the houses, they divided confidence by his vigorous defence of into several bodies, the better to repel the Capua, captain-general: he for some time French, and fought the whole of the endeavoured to restrain the unbridled 22d, and part of the 23d, when the reviolence of this banditti, who, under publicans at length forced a passage. On the name of defenders of religion, royalty, their entrance, the castles Novo, St. Elmo, and order, committed the most horrid acts and Del Uovo, surrendered without reof injustice and barbarity upon all those fittance, but the citadel of the Carmewhom they suspected to be friendly to lites, occupied by the lazaroni, ftood a the French cause; but, finding all his siege of three hours. Meanwhile, the efforts fruitless, humanity dičtated to lazaroni and the peasants, who retired him and to some of his friends, that it fighting from street to street, were driven would be better even to deliver Naples to the gate, where they rallied for the last into the hands of the disciplined troops time, and were defeated.

At night, of the French republic, than suffer it to generál Championet entered the city be pillaged by so ungovernable a rabble. to the inexpressible joy of the peaceable In this itate of things, therefore, he went citizens. In consequence of this happy in secret to Caserta, to concert measures deliverance by the French, te deum was with Championet for faving the city celebrated with great folemnity. As

fron destruction. All the sublequent soon as tranquillity was restored, those events were the result of an agreement who, whom the French called Neapolitan between them. A great number of the patriots, fo long restrained, were re-ani

mated

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