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the Conneticut river, through inany small These, Mr. EDITOR, are a few of my towns and villages, whose inhabitants cursory, but impartial remarks, containwere chiefly occupied in barreling ships' ing some little information relative to the provifions, great quantities of which are extensive territory of the United States of annually fent dowie from thence to New America, which, from various favou. York, and so to the Well India Illands, able circumstances and events, but chiefly
Ship-building is another lucrative and from its enlightened spirit of universal considerable branch of trade in this di- toleration, will, in all probability, at ftri&t. Much fine tinber grows adjacent Some future, perhaps not very remote peIu the river, which enables the inhabi- ribe, become highly prominent in arts taists to build at an easy and cheap rate and sciences, wealth and power! Well vefsels of many tons burthen : these are might the cos:prehensive mind of Dr. mostly chartered or fold to the New York Franklin, in his last moments, exclaim, merchants. The oak timber they nie “ Could I but a century brence revisit thee, for the purpose just inentioned, is neither my country, and take one view of thy fo firm nor so lasting as that uiled in improvements and prosperity !" The England, the common calculaion of a scene of life closed upon him, ere he ship's durability not exceeding eight or could collect sufficient strength to comwine ytars; but there is a fort, which plete the sentence.! they distinguish by the name of live oak,
I am, Sir, your's, &c. found in many parts of Vermont, that is
W. H. considered as equally, if not more stout and durable than any used in Europe. Newhaven is a large town, irregularly
For the Monthly Magazine. built, but airy and spacious, containing
MR. EDITOR, many handsome houses in the rural style,
F the late revolution of Lucknow I with gardens annexed to them. Many can give you very little account befamilies resort thither from various parts, yond a few of the most public events. The on account of its beauty and healthful- negociations were carried on with sucha stess; preferring this place as their seat of profound fecrecy, that it is probable they retirement, and chusing to enjoy here the were not even known to the whole of the emoluments derived from a lite of in- governor general's family, dustry. This town is also famous for Afoph ul Dowlah, nabob of Oude, a handsome and extensive college, with and vizier of the empire, died on the profeffors and tutors, for the education of 220 September 1797, 'at Lucknow, his youth in every branch of science : it is, capital. He was immediately succeeded moreover, under excellent regulations. by Vizier Ali Khan his son, without any This public seminary is in great repute sort of opposition, and with the consent on the continent; many of the American of Mr. Lumiden, the company's miniiter, youth resorting to it from different parts at his court. Mr. Lumsden's conduct of the southern countries, upwards of inet with the approbation of government, god miles distant. A number of packet. and the ascension of Vizier Ali Khan was boats, every fuitable tide, fail froin hence proclaimed by a royal falute from the to New York.
raniparts of Fort-William. As I learned, from good authority, that Vizier Ali Khan was a boy about remothing very striking or interesting was venteen years of age ; his birth was to be expected in the route by land, and thought Ipurious by many ; but the late as the roads were allo very inuiffcient, i nabob conitantly avowed hiin as his fon thought it right to take my portage by and ticcedor, and he was uniforınly acthe above, conveyance; and this, in fact, knowledged as fuck by every governor, concluided my month's tour through a governor- general, commander in great part of the New England states, chief, who had wisited Lucknow ; ainong juftly accounted the best retiled country, whom were Mr. Hastings, the Marquis with the most feady and best formed in- Cornwallis, Sir Robert Abercrombie, habitants in the Union; yet truth obliges Sir John Shore, &c. &c. me to add, that I could not help difcover- What happened in the interval, or gave ing among them in general a keenness occasion for the journey, is unknown ; nearly approximating to dishonesty, 10- but Sir John Shore, governor general, gether with an uncommon pasion for and Sir Alured Clarke, commander in gambling, and a strong predominating chief, left Calcutta in November, at fpirit for airy speculations, in preference tended by their respective fuites, and proto fubftantial, regular, well conducted ceeded by dawk (that is by-polt) to Ba. commerce.
199 naras. Having halted a short time and pitation and joined tne army of Sir Alucollected a body of troops, they moved red in its neighbourhood. Nothing on to Suanpore, a town belonging to the could exceed the consternation of Vizier company,
on the nabob's frontier, and Ali Khan when this event was reported within fix days journey of Lucknow: to him next morning. He immediately here Vizier Ali was expected to come and repaired to the governor, almost unata meet them; he did not come however ; tended, professed the greatest concern and negociations went on, more troops were surprize, protested his innocence and ige affembled, and a long delay took place ; norance, and declared the whole to be an at length the British chiefs proceeded, infamous contrivance of his enemies cal and were met about three days march from culated to ruin him. Lucknow by Vizier Ali. The interview He intreated, or rather implored, Sir appeared of the most cordial nature, full John to banith his apprehensions, and of professions of mutual friendship and to remove the intolerable anguish of his esteem. The whole party entered the mind, by returning to his habitation. metropolis on the 22d of December, and The governor was inflexible ; he then had houses assigned them by Vizier Ali: went back to the city, ordered his camp the army encamped in the vicinity of the equipage; and with his grandmother, town, and amounted to about fix thous the wite of the illustrious Sujah Dowlah, fand men, his majesty's 78th regiment, neas and mother of the late nabob, a woman of twelve hundred strong, forming part of it. high family and boundless ambition, a few
On the 20th December, the whole of confidential friends and servants, in all a the troops at this place marched, and on retinue of abouttwo hundrud perfons, be the 27th arrived at the grand military returned and pitched his tents within three station of Cawnpore, where we formed hundred yards of the camp of the com one army with the troops there under the mander in chief, thusevincing that at leatt command of major general Sir James he was unsuspicious of treachery. He neCraig. The whole was ordered to be in ver had any army at Lucknaw, that could seadiness to move on the firing of two be discovered by ordinary, observers : Signal guns ; in the mean time every thing many battalions he had, 'tis true, scato wore a peaceful alpest at Lucknow; tered throughout his dominions, but it nothing obviously at least going forward does not appear there was ever one of their but reciprocal visits and entertainments. ordered to approach the capital, Mean
Notwithstanding this, at twelve o'clock while, we who remained at Cawnpores at noon of the 9th January, 2798, tie iwo were continued under the orders of those fignal guns were fired, and Sir James lignal guns, and the duties of the camp Craig, having before thrown an admira- at Lucknow were conducted with as bile bridge of boats across the Ganges, much vigilance and punctuality as may marched directly to Lucknow, distant be suppoled to have been that of his royal fifty miles, with one regiment of Euro. highnels, the Duke of York, when he pean infantry, a thousand strong : one every instant expected to be assaulted by regiment of native infantry, two thousand the Sans-Culottes. trong; one regiment and two troops of I may just here by the way observe, cavalry, and two complete companies of for your information, that the compa. European artillery, with the full propor- ny's troops at the two stations of Cawne pion of ordnance. Other troops had also pore and Futty-ghurr are lublidiary, in been ordered in from other quarters, so that the pay and in the fervice of the nabob with those that followed from Cawn pore, of Oude, to any part of whołe dominions on the sgth, there was assembled at Luck. they are obliged to move on his requisi. now a British army of not less than four- tion. I did aot hear he had made any teen thousand men, by far the largest and requisition for their marching to Luck, best appointed that had ever been teen on now at this time. Vizier Ali paid daily this side of India.
visits to Sir John, and no alteraiion was News were foon after brought to perceived in the courtesy of the manner Cawnpore, where I remained with ge- with which he was received and created, acral Stuart, that Sir John Shore having from wliat had been customary. Negocia had intimation that Vizier Ali Khan ations were said to be going on, all dit
for assaslinating him and ficulties removed, and confidence restora all the Britilh gentlemen in the city, he ed, and every succeeding day we expectand every man, woman, and child, of ed to hear that Sir John was going to rethat nation, fled from it on the night of turn to Calcutta, and that the
would the 8th January, with the wimolt preci be broken up.
had laid a plan
We were all totally disappointed; of the guard was obliged to supply him, no man even entertained a lulpicion of until it could be represented to the gowhat was actually going forward. vernor, who ordered him to be provided, That the negociation to which I allude Of all his, adherents pofleffing stations had the merit of secrecy cannot be denied, or power, there was one man only who but whether it had any other merit it evinced the least appearance of spirit, or might be presumptuous in me to deter- fidelity. This was the grand master of mine ; tiine will new.
the ordnance, who declared he had sworn On the 19th January, at sun rise, we allegiance to Vizier Ali Khan, that were infinitely surpriled by the firing of while he lived he could acknowledge no a royal falute ; on enquiry, we learnt it other master, and that he was resolved to was to proclaim Saadut Ali Khan, nabob defend the charge that had been commitof Oude. Saadut Ali Khan is the son ted to him to the last extremity. Acof Sujah Dowlah, and brother of the cordingly he drew out about two hundred late Afoph ul Dowlah; his father designed pieces of cannon, and prepared for the him for rule, but on his death he was conflict. Our army moved towards disappointed by the primogeniture of his them in three divisions ; but before they brother, aided by the intrigues of his had proceeded above half way, intellimother; and failing in an attempt to af- gence was brought that they were abanfasfinate Asoph, he was obliged to aban- doned ; a party went forward to secure don his country and live a vagrant in them, while the army returned to the Hindoftan for leveral years. At length camp. our government interpoling, obtained his Vizier Ali sent for fome things to the pardon and a handsome pension, and al- palace, Saadut Ali fuffered them to be lowed him a refidence in the vicinity of carried away, and sent at the same time Banaras.
to let him know that he was welcome to Negociations had all this while been whatever else he chose besides. Socn after carrying on between him and Sir John this, he was permitted to visit the goverShore : he came up post incog. from nor-general, who received him very graBanaras to Cawopore, where general ciously, and endeavoured to mitigate his Stuart was instructed to receive him with affliction by the most footbing and consolaall the honours due to a sovereign prince. tory expressions. A pension has been settled
He arrived about three o'clock of the on him, (to what amount is not known) morning of the 19th, and made himself and he has been conveyed by a smallerknown to the officer on picquet, who im- cort to Banaras ; but whether that is to mediately conducted hiin to general be his residence, as it was that of his Stuart. The general gave instant orders successor, I cannot say. for a strong escort of artillery, cavalıy, Affairs being so far fettled, the troops and infantry, to be formed for him; and began to be withdrawn ; I arrived here after being refreshed by some food and on the 19th, with the first division of this rest, he was placed in the centre of the station, and the second arrived on the escort, and marched for Lucknow ; by 26th. There only now remain at Luckniue A. M. the whole had passed the now with Sir James Craig, one Europebridge of the Ganges.
an and one native regiment, a regiment On the 21st, being joined by a rein. of native cavalry, and a company of forcement of cavalry from the camp of European artiilery, and it is daily expectŞir Alured, and he put on horseback, the ed they will be withdrawn likewise. artillery and infantry were abandoned, Sir John Shore and his suite left Luckand they galloped towards Lucknow, in now on the 21st and proceeded by post to the neighbourhood of which they were Calcutta : he embarks immediately for met by Sir John; Sir Alured, &c. who Europe, in the Britannia Indiaman í by cundućted him straight to the palace, which ship I design this letter to go. where he had the dress of investiture con- Sir Alured and his suite left it on the ferred on him by the mother of Afoph, 23d, and coming by the way of Cawnand was again proclaimed nabob of Oude pore, arrived here to day; he stays toby another royal falute.
morrow and next day, and then also goes A guard was placed, on the evening post for Calcutta to execute the office of of the 20th, over Vizier Ali; and of his locum tenens during the interregnum benumerous servants and dependants not one tween the departure of Sir John and the ar.. remained with him to perform the most rival of Lord Mornington. necelary office, insomuch that the officer Thus has this revolution, the reasons
1799.] ] Mr. Wood in Reply to Mr. Good on the Poor.
201 for which still remain involved in obscuri. subject be of importance, may be benety, been effected without opposition or ficial to the community. But wrangling, bloodshed; but whether Mr. Sheridan or, as an apostle well itiles it,--yain baband the agents will confiler it as redound- bling, is fit only for poisfardes ; and I ing to the honour of Great Britain, or never will defcend into the aræna with will be more disposed to rank it in the Mr. Goor, or any other man, for the pur.catalogue of the black transactions alledg- pose of conibating with such weapons. ed by them to have been committed by the I conceived, that by adducing collateral British in India, must be decided here- proofs in support of the fact I stated reafter.
fpecting the weekly cost of our poor in Vizier Ali Khan, though fo young, provilions, I was furnishing (at least, in was a boy of a bold intrepid Spirit, and it the eye of Mr. Good) much stronger evi. was a pretty universal opinion that bis dence than he would have admitted any deposition was considered as necessary, statement to be, that was taken from the from the vigour and obstinacy with which accounts of the Shrewibury House ; he was said to have relisted certain de- there, he was furnished with this convemands made on him by our government. nient reply, that the most “ extraordinary This conjecture has however been contra- conclufions" were deducible from them. dicted by fubfequent-events; for it can Preluming, however, that I have no such hardly be doubted but we might have data to produce, he now boldly challenges had carte blanche from Saadut Ali; and me to this proof : and be it remembered, all that has yet been gained avowedly by prononnces that it will “terminate the the change, is a sum of money to repair dispute.” To this teft, as well as every the fort of Allahabad, and permision to other that is fair and candid, I have not garrifon it.
the finallest objection. If, therefore, you, Some people will not hesitate to charge Mr. Editor, will once, and but this once the government, if not with iniquity, more indulge me, I will now proceed to with folly and incapacity ; for there can comply with his demand; and that I may be no question but that Saadut Ali would not be thought to make an unfair selechave been highly satisfied with the title tion, will take the accounts of that year, of nabob and a splendid augmentation of when the finaller number of poor in the his pension, while we might have taken house was particularly unfavourable to possession of the country and its revenues the ttatement of the average cost per without incurring more reproach than head; for it does not require any laboured perhaps we have done by the present mea- reasoning to prove, that a family of 400 fure.
may be fupported at a lower average Possibly neither the one nor the other cost per head than a family of 300. It is is to be justified, on moral principles ; alto proper I should remark, that Mr. but the adoption of the former would have Good is not warranted by any expref. obviated any imputation of folly, by fion ! made use of, to apply the word putting into our hands such an accession " unfaithful” to our late officer; my ob. of wealth and strength as would have servation was, that he was inaccurate and rendered us not only invincible but in- negligent; and that the consequence of vulnerable to the united powers of Asia implicit confidence, was increased exand of Europe. But perhaps I tire you pence and growing neglect; unfaithfulwith a subject in whick you may feel 'lit- ness includes this, but implies fomething tle interested, and will certainly ruin you At the period ftated in the folin postage if I go on further, hy twell. lowing account, neither this implicit ing this into the lize of a pamphlet ; let confidence, nor the consequences prome therefore bid
duced by it, had begun to exift. The Futty-Ghurr, 28th Feb. 1798.
diretors werě alert, active, and vigilant ;
and their success furnished a striking To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. proof of what may be effected by such
exertions. Notwithstanding the poor's SIR, HE dispute between Mr. Good and rates were reduced one third, and notmyself, leeir.s to have approached withstanding the interest of upwards of
7000l, borrowed to purchase the house that point, beyond which, in the emphatical language of Bishop Hurd, all and land, &c was added to the annual is noise and non ense, dissonance and dif- expenditure, the balance of debt was re.cord. Fair, candid, liberal discussion, is duced, in four years, upwards of a thou. pleasant to the individual ; and, it the fand pounds. MONTHLY MAG. No. XLIII.
A year's expenditure in provisions at the Shrewf to the expence at which their poor may bury House of induftrý, taken from the accounts be well provided for. of the year 1789.
And now, Sir, having, I trust, by a
I s. d. fair and true statement of facts, repelled Provisions in the stores at the com
the injurious imputation faitened upon mencement of the year's account 82 15
me in Mr. Good's dissertation, I have Butcher's meat
410 6 3
very little more to lay to that gentleinan, Garden stuff
57 3 Flour
I cannot, upon the most rigid re-examin6 9
6 ation, find a fingle syllable in my first Pease Cheese, milk, and butter
Ó letter, published in your magazine for
99 3 Oatmeal, salt, and groceries
ó November, that could have given cause Malt, sugar, and hops für brewing 154 7 or provocation for that petulant” phrase
ology" Mr. Good chose to adopt in his Provisions remaining in the
9 reply. Perhaps I had judged better if stores at the end of the year 56 14 I had deemed that reply unworthy of
notice. It might have convinced me Nett expenditure 1359
that my opponent was incapable of that
liberal and manly conduct, which leads The average number of poor
in the house that year was 324, to which is to be Mr. Good, by artfully confounding
the candid disputant to retract a mistake, added, the steward, matrons, baker, and dates, by ingenioufly--not ingenuously hired overseers, amounting to 8 more,
and making a total of 332. If the above then combining the disjointed members,
amputating paragraphs and sentences, and fum be divided by 332, it will be has produced a monster of his own creafound to amount to 41. 18.10, d., per head tion. I will not retail his charge of im. per annum, or is. 644. per head perweek* proper language, but I will affure him, With respect to the other ground of that if ever I should be so unfortunate as imputation-my having stated in my to be again involved in discussion with an correspondence with the Rev. Mr. Howlett, that out of ninety-one children born truth but victory, I will
, for his fake,
opporеnt, who thus contends not for in the house, only four had died, at the immediately withdıaw from the contest, age
of two months ;-) have only to add, I now take my leave of him, with an that no separate register was then kept humble but cheerful hope, that, fafe unof deaths. They were inserted in a co
der the broad field of general candor, lumn of the general register of all the poor I thall remain unhurt by the feeble shafts received into, or born in the house. I examined that register, and no more chil, sense of my obligations to you, Sir,
of individual detraction.
With a just dren's deaths at that age were recorded
I remain, your's, &c. there. I was not inattentive to my duty
J. Wood, as a director, and no other instance caine
Shrewsbury, March 16, 1799: to my knowledge during the period of my sitting at the board. But as it has lince appeared that the secretary was in
For the Monthly Magazine. accurate in the keeping of that general HISTORY of ASTRONOMY for the year register, I do, as I before observed, ac- 6,  read at the commencement knowledge the possibility of an omiffion. of the fitting of the COLLEGE of I mould be ashamed to trouble your read- FRANCE, the 291h Brumaire, year ers with all this detail, if I did not really seven, by JEROME LALANDE, Inspecthink it an object of muci importance, tox and Dean of the COLLEGE, and that the comparative tal.brity of houses ancient Director of the Observatory. of industry, properly
company , for the particularly, that pațishes should not be lic with the progress of a science which has led into fo capital an error, with regard occupied my attention for fifty years, * In the fourth edition of my pamphlet, have to announce matter ftill more in
past, it is a satisfaction to me that I the statement of the average number of poor in the house was copied verbatim from the teresting than at the last time ; and first, fort edition, and of course referred to the year the admeasurement of the earth, or of
the end of the most considerable operation, ninety-one. In ninety four, the average Aumber as stated in my letter of November 9° and two thirds of the meridian, from laft, was 364.-S. "cafily is this difference Dunkirk to Barcelona, reconciled."