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time the right of each ftate to protest the next day, in which there were about against the abuse of the powers granted by eighty speakers, the house divided on an the compact ; and laments, that in seve- amendment propoled by Mr. G. Ponral late instances a defue has been mani- fonty, expreifing their abhorrence of an felted by the federal government to en union, which was loft only by one. large its powers by forced constructions There were for the amendment 105, of the conftitutional charter which defines against it 106. A division also took them, so as to consolidate the states by place, on paffing the address, ayes 307, degrees into one fovereignty, the obvious noes 105 tendency and inevitable relult of which The house of commons having met, would be to transform the present repub- according to adjournment, on the 24th dican fystem of the united states into an of January, and the report on the address absolute or at least a mixed inonarchy. being brought up, Sir Lawrance Parsons " That the general assemblý do parti- rose to comment on the part which echoed calarly protest against the palpable and that celebrated paffage of the speechalarming infraction of the conititution in “ Consolidating into one fabric the two late acts of the alien and sedlition strength of both countries.” He said the acs, passed in the last sellion of the con conitruction of that affectedly ambiguous gress: the first of which exercises a power paragraph was no longer a mystery, and no where delegated to the federal govern- that it could not with consistency be ment, and which, hy uniting legislative permitted to stand as part of the address. and judicial powers to those of executive, He then entered into various arguments fubvert the general principles of free go to prove that the proposed Union would vernment, &c." This declaration con tend to a complete surrender of the includes with an appeal to the other states, eftimable constitution of their country; a that they will concur with the allembly surrender of that constitution which the of Virginia in declaring that the aforesaid vigour, the loyalty, wisdom and spirit of acts are unconstitutional, not law, but the nation in 1782 obtained ; a constituutterly null and void.

tion which an impotent effort of the

British minister, aided by his agents in It appears by intelligence from the Ireland, would now presume to overturn, East, that Tippoo Saib is affuming a for the purpose of investing himself with warlike attitude, and it is suspected that fupreme dominion in the mock legiflahe holds a communication with General tion which he wickedly and arrogantly Buonaparte. Little apprehensions of would presume to fubftitute for it. He danger can, however, he entertained from controverted the propofitions laid down that quarter, fince Government has taken by the attorney-general in the former the precaution to augment our military night's debate respecting the ancient deforce in India. A detachment of 2000 pendance of the Irish parliament upon men from the Cape embarked in the be- the British legislature so early as Edward ginning of November, for the different the third. He proved by several quotapresidencies, under convoy of the Sceptre tions from the records of that and the sucand Raisonable nen of war.

ceeding reigns, that Irish members, though IRELAND.

summoned to attend the British parliaThe opposition to the proposed measurement, still reserved a power of Itating of an union with Great Britain has been that they attended not in consequence of To great as to call forth from Administra- any constitutional dependance or obligation an open declaration of their disap- tion, but from a desire of cementing a pointment.

political amity with England, and were The Lord Lieutenant opened the Sef in every succeeding reign so jealous in sion of the Irish Parliament, on the 22d the interference in the taxation of Ireland, of January, by a speech to both houses. that it would eafily appear that the high The finall part of it that related to the independent spirit of the nation was by no project of an union was couched in means of fo recent a date as gentlemen the same general terms as his majesty's would presume. He concluded with novmessage to the British parliament of the ing to this effect, “ That the paragraph jame day. After a discusion the most in the address stating that the house would interesting, though not perhaps the most take into confideration the principle of eloquent,, that occurred on any question consolidating, as far as posible, into one in the Irish parliament since the year firm and lasting fabrick, the strength, the 1782, and which occupied from four power, and the resources of the British o'clock in the evening until one o'clock empire," be expunged. Lord Castlereagh

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105
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1799.)
State of Public Affairs.

159 faid he did not feel himself called upon to tion. After making several observations discuss the question of an union. That of the magnitude of the object he had in measure was not before the house. As to view, the quieting the agitations which what had been insinuated relative to the now shook the public mind, he moved, minister endeavouring to influence the " That the house should resolve itself into members, he passed it, he said, with the a committee, to take into consideration contempt it deserved.

the state of the nation." He was feMr. Ponsonby inade a long and able conded by Lord Clements. speech in favour of the motion. The Lord Castlereagh said the noble lord Right Hon. D. Browne, Sir H. Caven- had not even suggefted any ground for the dilh, Mr. J. Beresford, and Mr. Dobbs, motion he had made.

If his lordship took the same side of the question. Mr. called for this committee, with reference P. Holmes and Sir J. Cotton were in fa to the measure lately discussed in that vour of the paragraph. Mr. Moore house, it must be untimely, because that O'Donnel made a speech of an hour and a measure did not call for any further conhalf against the union. At fix o'clock sideration at present. No public object in the morning the question was put, could be answered by any declaration of “ That the paragraph do stand part of the house on the subject of an union ; the. the address :" upon which the house house had already given its opinion, the divided,

measure was at present alleep, and all the Ayes for the paragraph

power could effect no more. Mi. G. Noes

Knox said, that he, as an enemy to the Majority against the para

union, would oppose the motion, as nograph, and consequently thing could tend more to weaken the

opagainst the union,

6 position to that measure than suffering The question on the address, as amend- party matter to mingle with it. Mr. ed, was then put, and carried without a Tighe expressed his astonishment that division.

any objection could be made to the moThe house assembled again on the 28th tion, when the exigency of public affairs of January, when the Right Hon. Ifaac called so loudly for it. Colonel Vereker, Corry, was announced as chancellor of the Mr. Dobbs, and Mr. Handcock fupexchequer, Sir John Parnel ; and ported the motion. Mr. Vandeleur opMr. St. George Daly, as prime serjeant, posed it. vice the Right Hon. James Fitzgerald. Lord Corry replied to his opponents, by: Adjourned to the 7th of February. reading a refolution to the houie, for an

On the 8th of February, after the usual address to his majesty, to the following formalities, Mr. O'Donnell called the at. effect : “ Resolved, that an humble adtention of the house to what he conceived dress be presented to his majesty, alluring materially affected its dignity and privi- him of our attachment to his royal per leges. He then proceeded to remark with son and government. That we look upon nuch afperity on the language held out by our connection with Great Britain as the the British minister respecting the conduct boast and happinels of this country. That of the Irish parliament, as it appeared in a the competency of an independent legit. London news-paper, called the Sun, the lature, to the wants and regulations of proprietor of which, he said, was in the this country, has been fully evinced in confidence of the minister. Having read the prosperity, which has resulted from some paragraphs from that paper, he the free conititution established in 1782, moved, that they were a falle, malicious, and that we consider its continuance as and scandalous libel on the Irith house of esential to the welfare and happineis of

Lord Castlereagh said a few Ireland, and to her connection with Great words in reply. The motion passed rem. Britain, with whom we are determined to

Mr. O'Donnel then moved a second stand or fall.” After a long debate, che resolution, that the paper containing the house divided. paragraph he had read be burnt in College For the motion

103 green, at twelve o'clock, on the succeed

Againit it ing Monday, by the common hanginan; which was agreed to. A vote of thanks

Majority was then moved to the speaker ; which pafled wnanimously.

The introduction of the great question Lord Corry, in the house of commons, of the union between Great Britain and on the 15th of February, rose to make his Ireland into parliament, by a message promised motion on the state of the na- from his majesty, was noticed in our lait,

commons.

con.

123

20

GREAT BRITAIN.

On the 24th of Februry, the house of propositions, to prove it. He denied that commons were informed by Lord Stop- the country would be ruined and the caford, that their address had been presented pical depopulated by the adoption of the to his majetty and graciously received. A meature. Perhaps some of the members, Committee of thirteen members was then who now live in the metropolis of Ireappointed to investigate the papers pre- land, would runde in this country, but fented by Mr. Secretary Dundas, respect. Dublin would still retain its courts of ing certain persons, whole object was to law, with which it was not intended to separate Ireland from Great Britain, and meddle, and the feat of learning. That to make their report upon them to the city would, besides, be benefited in trade, houle.

which would more than compensate for Mr. Pitt, on the 31st of January, other losses. He then called the attention moved the order of the day for taking of the house to the union with Scotland, into confideration his majeity's meslage; and concluded with reading a series of which having been read, he openly con- propofitions, setting forth at great length fesled his disappointment at the manner the numerous advantages which would in which the measure had been treated in attend the adoption of the proposed meathe parliament of Ireland; but was con- fure; and moved, “ that his majesty's vinced, from reflecting on the businets message be referred to a committee of the fince he first mentioned it, that it would whole house." be for the advantage of Ireland to be le Mr. Sheridan rose and combated the argillatively confolidated with this king- guments of the Chancellor of the Exchedom, and that it would add to the hap- quer. He dwelt particularly on the unpiness and itability of the Britith empire. favourable reception which the measure In discussing the question, however, he met with in the Irish parliament, and cauallowed it as an indisputable point that tioned the right honourable gentleman to the Irish parliament was fully competent beware how he pressed his plan against the to reject any proposition from this coun seníe of the nation. He concluded by try to unite the parliaments, nor could saying, that no measure can have a tenit be done without the acquiescence of the dency to improve and perpetuate the ties Irish house of commons. He hoped that, of amity and connection now existing beupon a more deliberate discution of the tween Great Britain and Ireland, which fubject, the filter kingdom would at has not for the basis the maniteit, fair, length see the advantages which would and free consent and approbation of the attend the adoption of the propoled mea- parliaments of the two countries; that fure. He contended, ihat as Ireland was whutoever shall endeavour to obtain the the most assailable part of the British em appearance of such confent and approbapire, parliament ought to profit by the tion in either country, by employing the designs of the enemy, and, by ceniolidat. influence of Government for the purposes ing the two countries, render it fecure of corruption or intimidation, is an eneagainst future attack. He next adverted my to his majesty and to the constitution. to the adjustment of 1782, which, he in Lord Hawkesbury and Dr. Lawrence fifted, lo far from being a final fettlement, spoke in reply; after which the house left the kingdom expoted to considerable divided-Ayes 140, noes 15. peril; and he quoted the words of Mr. On the 17th of February, Mr. Pitt Fofter, the speaker of the Irish houfe of moved the order of the day for the house commons, to prove that such was his to refolve itself into a cominittee, to conopinion. He then spoke of the jarring in- fider of the proposition refpecting an ami. terests of the various religious tects in cable adjustment between Great Britain Ireland. As to the disparity of numbers and Ireland. between the Roman Catholics and Pro Mr. Sheridan objected to the order beteltants, he said, that it was the only ing read. The house of cominons, he kingdom where the majority were not en- faici, had not pledged itself to pursue the entitled to the fame privileges as the measure farther, though the right hominority. He thought that much of the nourable gentleman had declared, that he apprehension and inquietude entertained would not abandon it during his political by the Protestants, with respect to the life. The house had not gone tarther, he ob. Catholics, would be obviated by a legisla- ferved, than to vote that the propofitions tive union. He next calculated the ad. should be referred to a committee, but that Vantages which would arise in a

did not oblige them to record them on the mercial point of view, and again quoted journals. He could not think that parliathe langnage of Mr. Fotter on the Irishment conceived it felf bound by the pledge

of

com

1299.)
State of Public Affairs,

161 of the right honourable gentleman. If oppose it. The question was put, and any thing could augment the mischiefs Mr. Sheridan's motion negatived. The arising from the measure, it was that' remainder of this night's debate, though pledge, as this assertion had caused a very considerably, extended, principally conferious sensation, and excited much dif- filted of explanations, and reciprocal anigust throughout Ireland. The best mode, inadversions on what fell from contendhe observed, of rendering the people happy, ing speakers. The only point of confewas not to corrupt its parliaments; and quence immediately revelent to the imif this system had not been adopted five portant subject of an union, and marked years ago there would have been no rebel- with argument, was, Whether the Settlelion in that country. He concluded by ment of 1782 did or did not leave an moving, “ That the proposing any mea. opening for further arrangements between sure to promote tbe essential interest of two independent legislatures, and parti. Great Britain and Ireland, that had not cularly for the attainment of the great for its basis the free consent of the Irish object of the present measures. In support legillature, and which endeavoured by of the affirmative, Mr. Pitt, in reply to corruption or intimidation to procure the General Fitzpatrick, stated part of an fame, was incompatible with the indepen- address in 1782, from the Irish parliadence of the Irish legislature, and that ment to his majesty, on the repeal of the any minister who would bring forward 6th of George the First, praying him the fame was an enemy to his majetty." to take fich measures as would be most

Mr. Grey and Mr. Johnes ipoke in likely to produce the establishment of a favour of Mr. Sheridan's motion, which, connection between the two kingdoms." on a division, was negatived by 141, On the other hand, General Fitzpatrick against 25

contended, that although there were fome The order of the day being read, and matters to settle through the appointment the question that the speaker do leave the of commisfioners, they were of a comchair being put, Mr. St. John rose and mercial and not of a constitutional nature. objected to the motion. He was of opi- On this ground Mr. Tierney also argued, nion, that it was better the measure and adduced a document from an address Thould rest where it did, than pass it, of thanks to his majesty, moved hy Mr. again the sense of the parliament in Ire- Grattan in the Irish house of commons, land.

and containing this expreflion, “gratified Meffrs. Grey, Dundas, and Sheridan in this particular (the adjustment of 1782) fpoke severally on the subject, and dif- we do affure his majesty, that no consti cussed the queition at considerable length. tutional points will longer exist to interThe house then dividerl--for the speaker's rupt onr harmony." Mr. Dundas inleaving the chair 149, against it 28. fitted, that notwithstanding Ireland was

The order of the day being read on the fatisfied with the independent legislature 11th of February for going into a coin Me had obtained, there was nothing in mittee, Mr. Sheridan rose, and observed, that fettlernent which hindered the two that he had a proposition to make, which independent legislatures from making any was to do away all civil and religious in- further settlement which they might think capacity; the spirit of which measure would conduce to the benefit of th two was evinced under Lord Effingham's ad- countries. miniftration, and in which the British The folicitor-general, Dr. Lawrence, cabinet, wish Mr. Pitt at their head, cer- and several others, contended on the fanie tainly concurred at that period. He there- ground. The question being again agifore moved, that it be « an initruction to taied on the following day, Mr. Sheridan the committee to coníder whether it may role, and declared that he was against the not be conducive to the interests and con measure in toto, and whenever the tpeaker solidation of tię empire at large to do left the chair, he Nould certainly leave away all civil incapacities arising from re the liouse. He was convinced, that at no ligious distinctions.” Mr. Pitt said, the period whatever, would an union be bemotion was of the most extraordinary na. neficial to cither country. ture, and that the whole tenor of the The house then formed itself into a mover's speech was marked with coxtra- committee; when the first resolution was diftions. If sich a resolution was adopted read from the chair, and the question put, it would, in respect to Ireland, destroy the Mr. Banks rose, and opposed the mea very frame and eflence of its contitution, fure in á speech of confiderable length, as i'citing on a protestant afcendancy, and The refolutions being agreed to in the therefore he felt it his duty decidedly to coinmittee, the boule was reaffymed, and MONTHLY MAG. No. XLII.

х

the

the report ordered to be brought up on the proposed by Mr. Erskine, as a gentleman 14th of February.

who had always deferved the applause of On that day the report was brought up the friends of freedom, but who had reaccordingly by Mr. Douglas, which was cently, in a most particular inanner, laid strongly oppoted by Mr. Hobhouse and an eternal claim to the gratitude and love leveral other members, who traced nearly of all men, who cherished in their hearts the same ground of argument which had the freedom of man and the independence been gone over before in the several ttages of nations. There was in his conduct, a of the discussion. On a division for re- Atriking similiarity with that of Mr. Foxo ceiving the report of the committee, there He had feceded from an habitual attendappeared-Ayes 120. Noes 16.

ance in the Irish parliament, at a time The house then proceeded to a consie when he found that his presence could be deration of the report, all the resolutions of no service to the cause of his country, were read and agreed to, with a few but when he saw that the unbridled career amendments, and sent to the lords for of the minister brought back a moment their concurrence; together with a mef- that was favourabie to exertioit, and that fage to their lordships, requesting a con. inclined men to listen to the voice of reaference on the mans of perpetuating and fon and truth, he returned to his post, and improving the connection between the two victory crowned his patriotic effort in the countries.

prefervation of his country. So it would At a meeting of the whig club, on the be with his honourable friend, Mr. Fox, 4th of February, the health of Mr. Fox whenever an occasion offered of being ferhaving been drank by the members, was

viceable to his country. foon followed by that of Mr. Ponsonby,

Marriages and Deaths in and near London.

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Married.] George Thornhill, of the Ge. Sitwell, esq. of Ferney-hall, Salop, to Mifs.. neral Poft-office, to Miss Sarah Pennington, Ann Hardy, second daughter of S. Hardy, of Reading

esq. of Huntingdon. At St. Mary, W. J. Morson, efq. to Miss At Lambeth, the Rev. Mr. Griffiths, of Akars, of the island of St. Christopher. Mr. Bridge-end, to Miss K. Paterson, youngest J. Reilly, merchant, to Miss Maria E. Swain, daughter of the late Dr. Paterson, of Mordaughtir of the late Aldernian Swain.

gam. At St. James's, Clerkenwell, Mr. Pearson, At Greenwich, T. Gordan, esq. to Mrs. of Fore-treet, to Miss Ogilvy, of Penton. Campbell. ville.

Died.] At the British Museum, aged 85, At Greenwich, Major William Jephison, Charles Morton, M. D. F. R. S. a scholar of of the 17th regiment of light dragoons, to diftinguished eminence. Miss Kensington, of Blackheath. Mr. Robert In Charles-Itreet, Charles Shurle, esq. Stevenson, of Barnes, to Miss E. Hollis, of In Crutched-friars, aged 72, C. Harris, esq. Chelsea.

At St. George's, Hanover-square, M. B. L'Huile, esq. Lifter, esq. of Burrwell-park, Lincolnshire, In Poland-street, aged 23, Harry Cotton, to Miss Bolton, of Bromptun.

efq. captain of the ift regiment of the Tower Ac Deptford, W. Barnard, esq. to Miss Hamlet militia. Goodwyn, daughter of H. Goodwyn, efg. of Aged 68, Mr. P. Dunkley, of Fenchurch. Blackheath.

street, builder, and common-council-man of At Lambeth, T. Shone, esq. of Mincing- Aldgate-ward. lane, to Miss Lloyd, daughter of the Rev. J. At Livnehouse, F. Anley, esq. Lloyd, rector of Barnacki, Northamptonshire. In Wood-street, aged 57, the Rev. Mr.

At Bromley, S. J. Vatchell, esq. to Miss Wylde, rector of Beelton, and vicar of WingMilward.

field, Berks. At Bow, Mr. Wirdle, of Milford-lane, to At Twickenham, aged 87, Mrs. Harwood, Miss Brown, of Old-ford.

who was burnt to death in bed by the candle At Clapliam, Mr. C. Hale, of the Poultry, setting fire to the curtains. to Miss M. Palmer, of Clapham.

In St. James's, aged 65, Miss Mary Tryon, William Hartley, of Long-Acre, to Miss one of the maids of honour to the queen, A. Wentworth, of St. James's-street.

which situation de bas held for 38 years. R. Vyner, eiq. of Lincoln's Inn, to Miss Suddenly, Lieutenant J. Weiton, of the Glover,

15th light dragoons. At St. George's, Flanover-square, Hurt in Golden-lane, aged 25, Edward Bond, esq.

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