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ness in days gone by and consider what testimonies FRIENDS INTELLIGENCER.
they have left for us to uphold and what principles
to stand by. That they should have carried the PHILADELPHIA, THIRD MO. 21, 1885.
work up to a certain point and there leave it seems
to be in the Divine ordering, nor is it less Divine THE SUCCESSION.- When a life closes which has
that others should take it up and carry it still further been both useful and beautiful it is sometimes said
forward. Like the man who puts his hand to the with a tone of regret, how little a man is missed in the great world and how quickly the gap closes. backward we shall strike crooked furrows. And let
plow we must look before us, if our eyes are turned The world's good work does not stop though the us remember that if our days are not occupied nobly workers drop out one by one, and it is one of the for our Society we shall bequeath weakness in the causes of hope, and encouragement, and faith in the ultimate reign of right, that there are always shoul- place of virtue.
Standing amid the barvest of present blessings ders ready and waiting for the descending mantle of and privileges which we as Friends enjoy, we look the good and wise.
back to the time of the seed-sowing, to the sad and While we often are called to lament the removal of those who have been leaders in the affairs of our who faithfully cast into the unpromising field of a
painful days, to the weary and persecuted sowers church, we must believe in a succession of standardbearers because we see them coming forward to do sneering or prejudiced world the precious germs of
truth. While we remember the courage of these the work and take up the burden when the elders
saints and martyrs and commend their work, we lay it down. But if these new laborers are faithful
must not fail to appreciate the position in which we to the manifestation granted them and not mere stand to-day, a position midway between the certain copyists, their line of thought and of action cannot be exactly in imitation of those whose places they past and the uncertain future, with the reality before fill; nor need it, for often the fear of not following tions. If for their inheritance they receive only bare
us that our work is to be judged by coming generaprecisely in the footsteps of those whose work was fields or unfruitful furrows which our labor might valuable, stifles the impulse to do just as valuable have blessed with plenty, shall we be ranked with work in a different way.
those whom we delight to call the faithful ? We need in our Society to have faith in the succession; faith not only in the fact that successors MEDICAL EDUCATION OF THE COLORED RACE. will come, but in their work as an outcome of sincere We are glad to acknowledge the receipt, from some interest. What a comment it would be upon all our unknown source, of a copy of the Daily American, a faithful predecessors if there should not be found Nashville paper, in which we find an interesting among us inheritors of their precious legacy!
account of the Commencement exercises of Meharry “The force of character is cumulative. All the College, recently held in that city. This college was foregone days of virtue work their health into this,” established nine years ago for the medical education says Emerson, and to find ourselves ready for noble of colored students. work proves that we have become sharers in a true On the present occasion the stage was occupied by nobility of soul, and inheritors of a purpose for the a number of senators and other prominent med, right, which it is our duty to transmit stronger and among whom were President Cravath and Professor better for our having been its possessor.
Bennett of Fisk University, and Dr. A. G. Haygood If the world has assimilated a man's wisdom or President of Emory College. grown wiser, if it has approved his noble deeds or The degree of Doctor of Medicine was conferred grown more noble, and has appreciated his loving ser- upon eight graduates, two of whom were residents of vices and grown larger hearted, then his bequest takes Nashville, Tenn., one of Kansas, one of the District rank among the blessings to mankind. And we may of Columbia, and the other four were from the Southall, in a limited sense be benefactors, even in working ern States. with what ability we possess right in the Society to The two papers read, one on Cholera," and one which we belong. We have inherited truths which treating of “ Diseases of the Brain,” are spoken of as need proclaiming and there are results of right living valuable, and giving evidence of “deep study, a and honest thinking which need emphasizing, not for thorough knowledge.” any self-glorification, but to set in a bright light the Dr. A. G. Haygood, in an address which followed, “better way" as we see it.
spoke at length of the efforts now making in the difLet us withdraw our eyes somewhat from those ferent colleges of the South to educate and eleyate who have excited our admiration by their faithful- the colored race. He congratulated them on the
wouderful progress they had achieved in the short WALKER.-On Third month 14th, 1885, in Baltispace of twenty years—a progress unparalleled in more, Md., Elizabeth C., daughter of Elisha H. and
Lucy Cooper Walker, aged 4 years, the history of the world. He said that such advancement was but a just return for the untiring labors of
CITIZENSHIP FOR THE RED MAN. the many who were devoting their lives to the cause of educating the colored children ; and a meet recog
Viewed only as a measure of right and justice, nition of the munificence of such men as Peabody, American citizenship should be at once extended to Fisk and Slater, who-e fortunes had been bequeathed States. But there are other and collateral views of
the to the endowment and sustaining of colleges through the subject which every true friend of the Indian's out the South, wherein the offspring of the freedraan welfare should carefully study before committing might enjoy equal advantages with those of his white himself to such a policy. neighbor.
It is now about three hundred years since the first ive learn further of the Meharry Medical School, aries of these United States. During that compara
European settlements were made within the boundthat it is a department of Central Tennessee College, tively brief period of time, the entire country, from organized in 1876, for the purpose of furnishing to the Atlantic and Pacific Ocean, the borders of Mexico the colored people of the South an opportunity of to Victoria's dominions, has, with the exception of a obtaining a medical education. At that time there few limited reservations of land, been wrested from
the Indians: A small portion by wars, the greater was no medical school in the Southern States that part by treaty purchase, in which latter transactions would admit colored students, and in the North the the business and financial ability of the Indian is doors of many of the medical colleges were closed clearly deseloped. against them. It takes its name from the generous
His weakness in barter and trade was so apparent,
that and philanthropic family who have so liberally con- rally enacted, making the purchase of land from
very early in colonial history, laws were genetributed towards its establishment and support. Indians, by individuals, null and illegal-the pro
The building is of brick, four stories in height, prietors and colonies reserving that right to themincluding the basement, and is about forty feet wide selves—and with a few fishhooks, measures of rum, by sixty in length. The college has conferred the etc., the Indian title to lands was speedily extindegree of M. D. on fifty-two young men (including
At a later period of time Congress deprived Indian the graduates of this session), nearly all of whom are tribes of nationality, and appointed the United States now engaged in the successful practice of their pro- Government guardian of the persons and property fession in the Southern and Western States.
of all Indians within its limits. Under this selfappointed guardianship, the United States now holds
for its wards the lands of Indian reservations and MARRIAGES.
funds of Indian tribes. It is now proposed by certain
philanthropists to relieve adult Indians from that BROOKS-HOBSON.-On Third month 11th, 1885, wardship by statute, make them citizens of the by Friends' ceremony, in Philadelphia, Arthur G. United States, and as citizens deliver to them their Brooks and Jane Johnson, daughter of Elizabeth W. lands and trust funds. My nearly five years' superand the late Thomas Hobson, M. D.
intendency of seven Indian tribes in various stages of TAYLOR-SATTERTHWAITE.-On Second mo. development, from the blanketed hunter to the 19th, 1885, at Edgemont, near Langhorne, Bucks co., educated agriculturist, mechanic and engineer, has Pa., according to the order of Friends, Mahlon Taylor enabled me to study Indian business, character and to Mary, daughter of Amos and Elizabeth S. Satter- financial ability; and I have no hesitancy in stating
as my decided judgment and conviction that but few
of the members of those tribes are at this time in DEATHS.
such a stage of business capacity as would enable BELL.-On Third month 8th, 1885, at her residence, to their keeping.
them to long retain their property if it was entrusted West Whiteland, Pa., Martha T., widow of John Bell, in her 94th year.
I firmly believe that a very few years would elapse before avaricious white men would own their
, in Waynesville, O., Sarah L., wife
vt' Allen Brown, in property and they would be paupers, dependent her 71st year ; a member of Miami Monthly Meeting. upon the care and charity of the counties in which
they resided; or roving tramps procuring a precarious CLEAVER.-On Third month 10th, 1885. Nathan livelihood by trapping and begging. As wards of Cleaver ; a valued member of Upper Dublin Prepara- the government, Indians have been using the lands tive and Horsham Monthly Meetings, Pa.
of their reservations in common, the farms broken, EVES.-On Eleventh mo. 26th, 1884, of pneumonia, fenced and cultivated by industrious Indians, were at their residence, in Millville, Pa., Francis Eves, tribal property, subject to be taken from them, whenaged 64 years; and on Second mo. 21st, 1885, of consumption, Rachel W., widow of Francis Eves, aged ever a new treaty was made between the government 6+ years; members of Fishing Creek Monthly Meet- and their chiefs. ing.
Few persons, Indian or white, would make farm
or home improvements under such circumstances. Steadfastness and vitality come with law. Law in For many years I have been an earnest advocate of home life need not be loudly proclaimed, Nature the allotment of lands in severalty to Indian adults does not advertise her laws on the faces of the rocks. and heads of families, to be held by them under Yet how unfailing they are- the sure reward, the patent from the government, inalienable on account relentless punishment! There must be obedience in of debt, for a period of thirty years. If at the ter. home life, the yielding of one will to another, the mination of that time the holder has proven his yielding of each will in some degree to each other. capacity for financial self-protection and self-support There must be the orderly working of forces. Harhe will also have demonstrated his fitness to assume mony results from law as truly as from love. Dethe duties of a citizen of the United States, and prive your child of a strong sense of this principle require no guardian but its laws, for protection of of law, and you have committed not only a great person and property.
wrong but an everlasting mistake. Lose this prinWhen Indians have reached that status of finan- ciple from your own ideal of home life, and you have cial ability, it were a crime to further withhold sustained a fatal loss. citizenship from them. Until they have graduated Again, there must be liberty in the home. This to that status, I believe it would be equally a crime is one of the things that you mean to have in that to give them citizenship and its consequent pauper- home of your own. But remember, there must be ism."--Barclay White, in the West Chester Republican. liberty not only for one but for every member of the
household. Take the full benefit of the home com
forts. Allow some freedom in the disposition of litA HOME ATMOSPHERE.
tle things, of fragments of time. "Everything in Balzac, that close and keen observer, somewhere its place," " everything in its time," are good iuotsays, “You may judge of a woman by the vestibule toes; but don't have too many places, too many of her house."
times. This matter of atmosphere is a great matter. If
A third element that is necessary to a healthy every individual has pervading him and surrounding home atmosphere is something which is vot easily him an atmosphere appropriate and peculiar to bim set before us in one word. Outflow and influx, interself, much more is this true of every home. That change with other homes, ventilation—these things impalpable something which every one feels but no are essential. The air of your home will surely lose one sees, that assimilating element to which we yield vitality if you shut it up to itself. Social life, with as a matter of course, which we breathe, and which its opportunities for love and forgiveness, for delicate becomes a force in our life so long as we are in it- consideration of others and setting aside of self, is a every home has this.
moral force that ought not to be lacking in the When you look forward to that home of your own, the home when hospitality is frequent and free,
home. The children are gainers in many ways in the happy vision of every young, expectant man and the home when hospitality is frequent and free. woman, you seldom think with particularity of the Open the door of your home to others, and lend material part of that home. You do not decide yourself sometimes to other homes. It will do no whether its walls shall be made of stone or of brick harm to the best housekeeper to see occasionally how or of wood. You do not settle the plan of the other people do things. The wife is never lovelier house, nor the height and size of the rooms, You in her husband's eye than when he has been in the think of the air of the place, the general and per- society of other women, and discovered how hum
The husband is vading character, of this intangible viewless medium drum and uninteresting they are. which will envelop and harmonize all the material never more admired by his wife than when she comthings. You do not picture to yourself the style of pares him with other men. the chair or the sofa on which you are to take your is that of variety. We fall too easily iuto routine
Not far removed from this element of interchange You know you mean to take your ease. have in your mind's eye a sunny, or at least a tran
in our homes. Breakfast, business, newspaper, bed, quil, domestic sky; a pure, vitalizing element where is the too unvarying daily history of many men. you can live and breathe freely, and develop under And the programme for the women and children is what seem to you the best conditions. You have a
correspondingly monotonous. It is possible to imdistinct ideal of this essential thing about your part quite a Christmas flavor to the whole year by home, though you may not be clear as to where, or well-planned surprises and unexpected pleasures. when, or how that home is to open its doors to you.
In some households this is done. Try it, rememberNow, how are you to make sure of the right kind ing that not only the children but the elders like of atmosphere in this home of yours? It is not a
these things and are the better for them. matter that may safely be left to the determination
A sensible father last spring took his boy out of of chance or nature. Impalpable though atmos- school in the midst of the term, and carried him off phere itself is, it is affected by, it depends on, palpa- for a fortnight in Washington. “But isn't he well ?" ble things.
asked the astonished teacher. “Perfectly."
" Very well." The first is law. Without law, order, duty, sub- he will get behind!” jection, a home is no more possible than a nation.
* All right.
” Home life meaus united life. And law is one of the he'll have to make it up!” strongest of uniting, binding forces.
The boy saw the sights of Washington under in• Thou dost preserve the stars from wrong,
telligent guidance, he was present in Congress at a And the most ancient heavens through thee are fresh and discussion on the tariff question, and he knows more strong."
now about matters of national and international im
- But " But he may
the examination !
“ We'll see.
portance than years of school could have taught him.
JOHN RUSKIN ON COUNTRY LIFE. We all acknowledge that the child has been made unduly, abnormally proininent in American families. In one of his recent Oxford lectures Ruskin, reIn some households everything bends to the supposed ferred to some blots of modern social life, says: interests of the child. All plans give way before " I need scarcely tell any of my pupils that my his supposed advantage. Far better for him when own art, teaching has been exclusively founded on be becomes not a mere recipient, but a sharer in the the hope of getting people to enjoy country life, and daily household life and work, taking his proper to care for its simple pleasures and modest enjoyplace as one of a community. But it is not always ments. But. I find now that the ideal in the minds a child who occupies this post of exaggerated im of all young people, however amiable and wellportance in the household. "Who does not know the meaning, is to marry as soon as possible, and then to dominant member of the family, who plans for all live in the most fashionable part of the largest town and judges alt? Who does not know the exacting, they can afford to compete with the rich inhabitants the selfish member, the dyspeptic who fills the house of, in the largest house they can strain their incomes with gloom, the sensitive and nervous, whose uncer- to the rent of, with the water laid ou at the top, the tain tempers charge the domestic atmosphere with gas at the bottom, huge plate-glass windows out of discomfort ? To maintain equilibrium in such cases, which they may look uvinterruptedly at a brick great vicety and care must be exercised by the other wall, a drawing-room on the scale of Buckingham members. It is worth remembering that it is clash- Palace, with Birmingham fixtures, and patent every: ing alone which produces the worst results. One things going of themselves everywhere-with, for all may make the household atmosphere gloomy or un intellectual aids to felicity, a few bad prints, a few comfortable. It takes two to make it actually dirty and foolish books, and a quantity of photostormy.
graphs of the people they know, or of any passing Need it be said that religion is essential to the celebrities. This is the present ideal of English life, healthiness of the home atmosphere? Only he who without exception, for the middle classes and a more has faith can have true patience. Oply hope sure miserable, contemptible or criminal one never was and steadfast can give the cheeriness and serenity formed by any nation made under the wondering stars, which are the very soul of home. Only the far out. It implies perpetual anxiety, lazy and unjustifiable look into the eternal and the infinite will show the pride, innumerable petty vexations, daily more poigpresent vexations and perplexities and pleasures in vant greed for money, and the tyrannous compulsion their true proportions. Every relationship of the of the laboring poor into every form of misery; and family needs the love of God to confirm and purify it implies, further, total ignorance of all the real it. “All fathers learn their craft from thee, all honor of human life and visible beauty of the visible loves are shadows cast" from the greater love. The world.”. spiritual life, the life with God, is as essential to the The lecture was mainly on “ Birds,” and he dwelt perfection of home life, as sunshine to the perfection on the pleasure that might be derived from an artistic of a landscape. It makes clear the distant. It study of their plumage. This led him to remark as brightens and vitalizes the near.
follows: And, last of all, the home must have love. “ Last?" If any of you care to put your lives a little to you say ; not first?” Aye, first and last, the be- rights, and to prime your own feathers for what flight ginning and the ending. Love is presupposed in is in them-don't go to London, nor to any other home life, and love crowns and includes the whole. town in the spring ; don't let the morning winds of It is the soul of law, and the inspiring force of every May find your cheeks pale and your eyes bloodshot one of these essentials we have been considering. with sitting up all night, nor the violets bloom for But household love must be not the mere sentiment you only in the salesman's bundles, nor the birds of love. It must be the principle of love. It will siug around, if not above the graves you have dug not do to trust to nature. Any two or more persons for yourselves before your time. Time enough you who have tried to make a home together must have will have hereafter to be deaf to their song,
ages soon made this discovery. Here lies the rock on enough to be blind to their brightness, if you seek which many a young husband and wife have wrecked not the sight given now. If there be any human their delicate craft. This is the warning that ought love in your youth, if any sacred hope, if any faithful to be sounded from end to end of our land. It will religion, let them not be defiled and quenched among not do to trust to nature.
the iniquities of the multitude. Your Love is in the Love must be fortified by law, by religion. Love clefts of the Rock, when the flowers appear on the must be fed and tended from above. All the forces earth, and the time of the singing of birds is come, of will and reason must come to the aid of love, and the God of all Love calls to you 'from the top and by God's blessing all will flow together into of Amana, from the top of Shenir and Hermon, calls the grandest stream of joy and fruitfulness that he to every pure spirit among the children of men, as has set in motion. Pray to God daily that your they to those they love best, love may be sweet and fresh and true, a daily bene- 'Arise, my love, my fair one, and come away."" diction on its object, the purest earthly gift, and he will help you make it such.—The Christian Union.
EVERY reformation which amounts to anything
begins with the individual, and no one of us will ever THE clouds above us cannot long conceal the find a more suitable individual to begin with thanheaven beyond them,
himself.-S. S. Times.
BY L. J. R.
WOMEN'S MEDICAL COLLEGE OF PHILADELPHIA. POETRY.
The thirty-third annual Commencement of this For Friends' Intelligencer.
institution took place at the largest audience hall in GROWING OLD TOGETHER.
this city, the Academy of Music, on the 11th inst. A very large audience assembled promptly at the
hour (12 M.) and after a brief prayer and some musiShall we sigh for the years
cal exercises, the degree of Doctor of Medicine was That come and go,
conferred upon the following twenty-two graduates : From childhood to age,
Pennsylvania.- Ellen C. Brensinger, Mary H. In a ceaseless flow
Cheyney, Harriet A. Kane, Calista V. Luther, Kate With the self-same story so often told,
McDowell, Anna M. Reynolds, Clara C. Shetter, Ida once we were young but now we are old !” M. Shimer, Elizabeth Snyder, Ella Prentiss Upham,
Ella S. Webb and Emma M. Williams.
New York.-Jenny G. Wagner, Juliet E. Hanchett
and Mary Edith Hennesy.
Connecticut, Elizabeth L. Peck and Lucy M. Are creeping near?
Creemer. And forget, the darkness but leads the way
District of Columbia.--Ida J. Heiberger.
Massachusetts. Mary V. O. Callaghan.
Missouri.--Frances Coleman Smith.
Nebraska -Saleni Armstrong:
Rhode Island.-Sarah M. Wilbur.
Dr. W. W. Keen, Professor of Surgery, then deWhile love's immortelles its way-side have strown. considerations connected with the progress of surgery.
livered a valuable and interesting address on some To grow old together,
This has been much promoted by judicious experiWalking as one,
menting on living animals, and his address was a The devious journey
plea for the toleration of a work which the Doctor So early begun, Its joys, its pleasures, its blessings to share,
believes is justified by its results. Its griefs and privations together to bear;
In regard to vivisection in America, he cited Dr.
Wood's experiments on the effects of heat on aniThis after all is the goal that is best,
mals, Dr. Weir Mitchell's on snake venom, and the That brings to the heart its guerdon of rest When the worry and fret of its warfare is past, present strenuous efforts to study the cholera microbe. And the peace of our God is its portion at last.
In conclusion he said:
"I have given you only ascertained facts for your
future use in the communities in wliich you may SEARCHING FOR GOD.
settle. They may assist you in forming public senti
ment on a basis of fact, of reason and of common Trust thou in God; 'tis sweet to rest Beneath His brooding care,
sense. The sentiments of our profession, so constantly To feel in darkness as in light
and so conspicuously humane, are always against That He is everywhere.
giving pain, but if in yielding to sentiment we actu
ally increase disease and pain and death, both among A truth most sacred, but how few
animals and men, our aversion to prevent pain is both Have found this safe abode,
unwise and actually cruel. So far removed and yet so near,
“In conclusion, let me wish you the greatest success The everywhere of God.
in your professional life and the richest blessings of Distant-Him wisdom may not find,
our kind Heavenly Father. Farewell." Thro' searching near and far,
Among the audience were many distinguished Delving in earth for sign or trace,
graduates of this college, successfully engaged in Or clinibing to a star.
their profession in different parts of the world. The Yet near, for nothing can divide
deep interest and hearty sympathy of so many of the Between His thought and thine,
most honored citizens of Philadelphia, must have True searcher after God, behold! Within thy soul the sign.
been gratifying to the faithful, devoted ones who have
advocated the cause of the medical education of - Unity.
women from the very first, and stood by it in the O YOU who linger in the night of toil
darkest days of bigotry and proscription, until toAnd long for day,
day we see that a right public sentiment in this Take heart: the grandest hero is the man Of whom the world shall say
cause has gained the ascendent, and the opposing
voices have sunk into silence. That from the roadside of defeat he plucked
These days of Commencement ceremonies are to The flower, success, Bravely and with a modesty sublime,
many solemn days of recollection and of thanksNot with blind eagerness.
giving. The generations pass as they finish their ap-W. T. Talbott. pointed work, but their faithful labors remain long
after them to bless the coming times, and be an Is there, then, no death for a word once spoken ? incitement to other heroic works, in broader and Was never a deed but left its token?
ever-widening fields. With words of loving conseDo the elements subtle reflections give?
cration, the beautiful and appropriate ceremonies of Do pictures of all the ages live On Nature's infinite negative?
the day closed, and the twenty-two women physicians - Whittier. go forth on their mission of healing. S. R.