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BY MARGARET E. SANGSTER.
THE PRESENT DEPRESSION.
A contributor to Christian Register writes thus PATIENT WITH THE LIVING,
from Manchester, England:
A few night since, we had Thomas Hughes speak
ing to us here in Manchester. In the course of his Sweet friend, when thou and I are gone Beyond earth's weary labor,
noble utterance, he stated a problem deeper than that When small shall be our need of grace
which agitates our politicians. From the mint and From comrade or from neighbor,
anise, he descended into the weightier matters of our Passed all the strife, the toil, the care,
life. It is the problem that stares us in the face,And done with all the sighing,
the problem which we all feel very deeply,-and is What tender truth shall we have gained, Alas! by simply dying !
enough to convince some of us, at least, that our
huge frame, Christian though we label it, is not conThen lips too chary of their praise
structed right. Hughes says: “O ten before within Will tell our merits over,
living memory there have been times of depression And eyes too swift our faults to see Shall no defect discover.
and stagnation in trade, but never anything like that Then hands that would not lift a stone
of the present time. One universal cry of distress is Where stones were thick to cumber
going up from every great trade and industry in the Our steep hill-path, will scatter flowers
land. And what is that cry? Surely, the strangest Above our pillowed slumber.
that ever went up from any great trading community Sweet friend, perchance both thou and I,
till now: "Too much corn. Too much sugar. Too Ere love is past forgiving,
much cotton. Too much labor. Too much, in Should take the earnest lesson home,
short, of every species of wealth; and yet our merBe patient with the living. To-day's repressed rebuke may save
chants and manufacturers are being ruined, while Our blinding tears to-morrow :
two-thirds, at least, of our people are underfed, badly Then patience, e'en when keenest edge
clothed, miserably housed. Does any one believe May whet a nameless sorrow.
that this can last? Power is passing rapidly into
the hands of those who are underfed, badly clothed, 'Tis easy to be gentle when Death's silence slames our clamor,
miserably housed. How long, with all their patience, And easy to discern the best
would they respect those huge and unused accumulaThrough memory's mystic glamour;
tions of all that they and their children need ? But wise it were for thee and me,
How, then, has this come about, and what is the Ere love is past forgiving, To take the tender lesson home,
remedy? Be patient with the living.
This is the problem, truly and soberly stated by
Tom Hughes. For himself, he answered it thus,A SOLITARY WAY.
with an answer that commends itself to every man
whose conscience is enlightened of Him who loveth Proverbs xiv, 10: I. Corinthians ii, 11.
righteousness and judgeth the people on earth : We There is a mystery in human hearts,
have come to this pass " because the pation has forAnd though we be encircled by a host Of those who love us well, and are beloved,
gotten who is the Lord of trades, and so has not To every one of us, from time to time,
obeyed the laws he has laid down for conduct. There comes a sense of utter loneliness.
“Our fathers would not know thy ways, and thou Our dearest friend is "stranger” to our joy,
hast left them to their own.
And what have our And cannot realize our bitterness.
ways been ? A feverish, eager struggle by every " There is not one who really understands, man for himself. Free competition was proclaimed Not one to enter into all I feel ;'' Such is the cry of each of us in turn.
as the sole adjuster of supply and demand,- the We wander in a solitary way,"
semi-sacred law of trade; and so every man's hand No matter what or where our lot may be; had been against his neighbor, until the keenest and Each heart, mysterious even to itself,
least scrupulous, instead of the wisest and most upMust live its inner life in solitude.
right, men have come to the front, and got the con-Selected.
trol of almost every branch of industry and trade.
Your coach will be over the precipice before you THROUGH love to light! Oh, wonderful the way, That leads from darkness to the perfect day !
know it, unless the horses can be turned into the From darkness and from sorrow of the night
right road!" To morning that conies singing o'er the sea. Through love to light! Through light, O God, to thee,
Who fathoms the Eternal thought? Who art the love of love, the eternal light of light!
Who talks of scheme and plan? - Richard Watson Gilder, in Tender and True.
The Lord is God! He needeth not
The poor device of man. SEEK not, ye sons of those who till the soil,
I dimly guess from blessing known For other fields in life than those ye reap!
Of greater out of sight; Better by far the sweat of honest toil,
And with the chastened Psalmist own The rest of honest labor's tranquil sleep,
His judgments, too, are right. Than all the bubbles of the worldling's dream
-J. G. Whittier. The cares which rack the statesman's anxious brains The uncertain ventures of the merchant's scheme, Or all the doubtful paths for fame and gain!
WHEN all is holiday, there are no holidays.-Lamb.
SALEM QUARTERLY MEETING, held on the 5th inst., at Woodstown, N. J., was very largely attended. By Alfred H. Welsh, A. M.—This excelleuť work
Development of English Literature and Language. The day being pleasant, many strangers from neigh- from the press of S.C. Griggs & Co., of Chicago, is boring Meetings were present, but no ministers with now before us. The author divides the great subject minutes. There was, however, much public service, into seven chapters, considering in the first three and the power of gospel testimony was perceptibly chapters the formative period of the language, from felt. Amongst those who ministered were Watson time of the Ronian Conquest to the days of King
the days of the earliest primative inhabitants at the Tomlinson, Isaac C. Martindale and others. To Alfred. The fourth chapter is of the initiative period gather with Friends religiously, and also to enjoy 1 -of which the representative authors are Madeville, the social commiogliny, many had come quite a dis. Wicliffe and Chaucer. The fifth chapter treats of the tance, and the occasion was one of profit.
retrogressive period of superstition and the debasement of the church of ethics, of science, and of philo
sophy. The representative author is Caxton. JONATHAN W. PLUMMER, of Chicago, in the pros- is represented by More, Sidney, Hooker, Raleigh,
The sixth chapter treats of the First Creative Period ecution of his work among the members of Illinois Spenser and Shakspeare. The Philosophic Period is Yearly Meeting, visited 16 families and 58 persons that of wbich Lord Bacon and Milton are the high in all, besides holding several meetings.
priests. Here ends the first volume. The second He was in attendance at Blue River Quarterly volume treats of the developments of the Seventeenth, Meeting, held on the 28th ult., which was a good the steady development of great ideas, of ethics, and meeting; and, after a brief stay in Bloomington, of philosophy up to the present,--ending with Emerreturned home for a short rest before entering fur- son, with whose utterances the writer of this work is ther upon his Western mission.
heartily and fully in sympathy. We approve this work as convenient in its arrangement, philosophic
in spirit, deeply interesting to the ordinary reader, and TO STUDENTS OF THE CHAPPAQUA INSTITUTE: so far as we have examined it, it appears just and ac
Greatly regretting the losses of pupils by fire and curate and worthy to be placed in an honorable posithrough interruption of studies, we are glad to an- hardly know of any work of its kind more worthy of
tion in our highest institutions of learning. And we nounce the proposed re-opening of the school on place in the family and public library. Third-day, Third month (March) 10th, 1885; when This brief notice is only the merest glimpse of a we hope to continue with the same teachers and the book of over one thousand large pages replete with same company of students. Until a new and im- high interest. We may hope in the future to make
extracts from its treasure stores for our columns. proved building can be erected, Managers have arranged temporarily as follows:
A Natural History Reader and a Geographical The Mansion and the Dr. Lambert house, on that Reader. By James Johonnot.- From the press of which will be known by students as the “ Lambert " Appleton & Co. come these two fascinating books or the “Leeds" property, have been secured, also the ful summaries of information concerning the world we
which, though prepared as school readers, are delightHolbrook place adjacent. These houses are sur- inhabit and its wonders, and the living creatures, rounded by porticos, the windows extending to the both animal and vegetable, which exist upon it. floors, so that there are numerous avenues of escape Since they are quite new, and are beautifully and acin case of fire. We are thus in possession of ample curately illustrated, they may be approved for Firstaccommodation for the work of the School, and pu. Excellent type and paper and general elegance of
-. pils who are familiar with the premises will recall finish are to be noted. the grounds (containing rustic summer houses and a fir forest) as being especially attractive.
reading books from the publishing house of A. S. We trust, therefore, that as a result of our unfor- Barnes & Co., will look very tempting to teachers since tunate experience, we shall complete the school year they also are elegantly printed, artistically illustrated, amid pleasanter surroundings, continuing the Win- and furnished with most interesting and instructive ter term two weeks beyond the time named in the literary extracts. Teachers alone can judge if they catalogue. The post office address continues as be are superior to other reading books which they have
in use. Changes are expensive and should not be fore. Respectfully,
imposed on schools without good reason.
S. C. COLLINS. Chappaqua, N. Y., 1885.
ANOTHER School History of the United States comes to us from Butler, of Philadelphia, and William Ware
& Co., of Boston.--It is prepared by Horace E Scudder, The blind and cowardly spirit of evil is forever of Boston, who has aimed above all things to make telling you that evil things are pardonable, and you the book clear, reasonable and attractive. He has shall not die for them, and that good things are im- streven to unfold the logic of events ; while brevity is
to possible, and you need not live for them. And, if
We see no special fault to find with this book. It you believe these things, you will find some day, to is properly illustrated by historic maps, by interestyour cost, that they are untrue. Therefore, I pray you ing engravings and by pictures of the colored seals of with all earnestness to prove, and know within your all the States. But whether it is needed in our schools hearts, that all things lovely and righteous are possible we cannot be sure, since there are so many excellent for those who believe in their possibility, and who works with just about the sanie scope. determine that, for their part, they will make every Politics very suitable for the study of our future
We find the chapters which treat of Slavery and day's work contribute to them.-John Ruskin. citizens, and the chapters which give the particulars
Barnes' New National Readers.---This series of five
of the settlement of New Jersey and Pennsylvania FROM Paris we have intelligence of French victoare just to Friends.
ries in Tonquin. THE Series of three School Geographies published THERE is nothing specially favorable to the British by the University Publishing Company, of New York, arms in the latest despatches from Egypt. originally prepared by M. T. Maury, are, we should think, all that Geograpbies can be ; but only the LONDON despatches of the 7th inst. state : intelligent, practical teacher can be sure which series
Paris advices to-night state positively that it is an undoubted among the many presented is the most worthy to be fact that the Government of Pekin has peremptorily ordered introduced into our schools.
all the Chinese subjects at present residing in France as stuFROM William Ware & Co., of Boston, we have line indicate to the observant that the condition of the pres
dents to leave France. This and other happenings in the same Principles and Practice of Bookkeeping. By.Hutchin; ent relations between China and France is more bellicose than son & Parker, a practical Accountant and a practical
ever. The Parisian papers deny the report that the French Schoolmaster. It claims to be plain, practical and thorough, and to be a book both" for school and for troops in Tonquin have been recently allowed by the Chinese home studies, and adapted for farmer and mechanic ent so seriously entrapped that their position is perilous. The
to advance without serious opposition until they are at presas fully as for the merchant. It seems to be highly Chinese reports are to the effect that the entire advance of the approved by many competent authorities. All these French army is at present hemmed iu in a remote and almost to be found at Friends' Book Store, 1020 Arch street.
unknown region, from which they cannot escape and from
which they cannot retire without suffering annihilation. CURRENT EVENTS.
Baron de Stael, the Russian ambassador to England, in an interview with a correspondent, said: “Gladstone has for
years urged the Czar to peace, Why should Russia and EngDomestic.---The Forty-eighth Congress held an all- land quarrel? Russia has unexcelled rights where she now is. night session on the 3d and the morning of 4th, pass- Russia is perfectly willing that England should, if she so deing many important bills and resolutions.
sires, annex Afghanistan. If she should do so, then Russia Congress remained in session after daybreak, and and England would be neighbors. As neighbors they could the conference report on the Deficiency bill, and an better, because jointly, engage in the work of civilizing the agreement was reached on the Post-office Appropria- vast Asian world.” tion bill. The Naval bill was agreed to later, and an
A DESPATCH from London, of the 8th inst., says: agreement on the Sundry Civil bill followed.' In the last hours the Grant Retirement bill passed. The Government has sent an emphatic demand to St. Petersburg
This morning's Observer says: “We understand that the Congress completed all necessary business and ad
for the withdrawal of the Russian troops on Afghan territory. journed sine die at mid-day.
The despatch partook of the character of an ultimatum." The inauguration of Grover Cleveland into the Presidency of the United States, according to the usual order, was consumnated. The inaugural address was
ITEMS. brief and clear, and the sentiments expressed, as well as the pledges given, were thought unexceptionable. On the 5th inst. the extra session of the Senate vania Railroad Company was demonstrated last week
THE wonderful carrying capacity of the Pennsylopened at noon. The Cabinet list came at 12.10. The Senate immediately went into executive session. The by the fact that on the 3d and 4th insts. fully 38,000 Cabinet is as follows:
passengers were carried to Washington by the Penn
sylvania Railroad Company from points on that comSecretary of State-Thomas F. Bayard, of Delaware.
pany's lines east of Pittsburg and Erie, including the Secretary of the Treasury-Daniel Manning, of New York, Northern Central, the Philadelphia, Wilmington and Secretary of War-William C. Endicott, of Massachusetts. Baltimore, the Baltimore and Potomac, the AlexanSecretary of the Navy-William C. Whitney, of New York. dria and Fredericksburg, the West Jersey, and the Secretary of the Interior--L. Q. C. Lamar, of Mississippi. Camden and Atlantic Roads. Estimating fifty pasPostmaster-General-William F. Vilas, nf Wisconsin.
sengers to a car and nine cars to a train, it will be seen Attorney-General-A. H. Garland, of Arkansas.
that the company sent to the National Capital in those The first official act of President Cleveland was the two days something like 760 cars and about 84 trains. nomination of his Cabinet. His second official act
“And all this business was done,” said Mr. Boyd, was to affix his signature to the commission of U. S.
'without accident or delay, and without the slightest Grant as an officer on the retired list of the Army, interference with our regular through passenger trafwith the rank of General.
fic."-Eve. Bulletin. WE learn with pleasure that, in Baltimore, on the
DR. CYRUS EDSON has reported to the New York 5th inst., at the night session of the M. E. 'Confer- board of Health a case of arsenical poisoning by wall ence the sum of $30,000 was raised, which completes paper in the house of Jay Dowd, 178 Lexington avenue. the $200,000 necessary to insure the establishment of
The paper bad gray and red flowers on gilt ground. a Conference Seininary for the higher education of A man and his wife, who slept in the room, developed
catarrh, pharyngitis, nigraine, conjunctivitis, cold ex
tremities, muscular pains and sore joints and swelling Foreign.- Despatches from London of the 2d inst. of the salivary glands. A seamstress, who worked in indicate that judicious diplomacy will be essential in the room displayed similar symptoms. In wet weather order to preserve peace with Russia. Lord Granville all the symptoms were aggravated. The paper cost has sent a long and important despatch to the Rus- thirty-five cents a roll. It was bought from a Third sian Foreign Minister, concerning the occupation by avenue dealer, who purchased it from a Philadelphia Russian forces of points on the Afghan frontier. manufacturer.''
The advices on the 3d indicate that an agreement is effected with the Russian Government on the Afghan
NOTICES. frontier question. Neither nation desires war.
THERE have been received in London, despatches from Egypt, stating that the British Garrison at Kassala has suffered a defeat in a sortie, with heavy loss. Third mo. 18th, at Race Street, 3 P. M. The garrison is in danger of famine, and is reduced
19th, at Spruce Street, 101 A. M. to 600 and short of ammunition.
19th, at Green Street, 3 P. M.
MONTHLY MEETINGS IN PHILADELPHIA.
"TAKE FAST HOLD OF INSTRUCTION; LET HER NOT GO; KEEP HER; FOR SHE IS THY LIFE."
PHILADELPHIA, THIRD MONTH, 21, 1885.
EDITED AND PUBLISHED BY AN ASSOCIATION OF FRIENDS.
COMMUNICATIONS MUST BE ADDRESSED AND PAYMENTS MADE TO
The Prophet Samuel.....
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96 class matter.
If he is a pro
Read at a Conference at Race Street Meeting-house, Third
Montlı 15th, 1885.
THE PROPHET SAMUEL.
spirit—“inscribes itself in the memory of his fellows,
it is beneficent. If he is also the ruler, then indeed To those who read them with interest and with must the people rejoice, for theirs is an age of peculiar
that reverent desire to gain light therefrom, the Sacred
“Nature seems to exist for the excellent. The world Scriptures of the ancient Hebrews, are a picture of is upheld by the veracity of good men : they make man's development and of religious evolution,-and
the world wholesome.” they are valuable as “instruction in righteousness,
Let us go back in thought to the wierd middle age since the principles of right have never varied.
of Israel once more. It is in the later day of the But “the thoughts of men have widened with the judges, and there is as yet no king in Israel and no process of the suns ”-and from period to period of regular government able to compel order and that Jewish story-we see mankind broadening from the respect to person and property which makes quiet extreme childishness of primitive ideas, to the gradual and peaceful living a possibility. The Judge Eli is attainment of a high moral and religious cult, and also High Priest and has especial powers by his to such advancement in civilization as is essential to union of civil with religious functions. refinement, to humanity, and those happy conditions inadequate are these powers that his own two sons which are most favorable to the comprehension of Hophni and Phinehas are grave transgressors,
and exalted religious ideas. Yet all along the way have the authority of their venerable father is not suffiarisen lofty characters, beloved of God, revered by cient to restrain them. Stanley speaks of them as their fellow men, who were able, through divine“ true examplers of the grasping and worldly clergy favor, to preach the very word of Deity to the multi- of all ages.
“ Their open profligacy at tude who were yet not sufficiently developed spirit. the door of the Tabernacle is the type of many a ually to commune consciously with the heavenly scandal brought on the Christian Church by the Wisdom. Mighty are the services of the exalted selfishness or sensuality of its ministers." spirits who have risen above their age and have
In the sanctuary at Shiloh under care of Eli is helped their fellow men to higher levels. We never placed the son of a devout and gifted mother, herweary of contemplating their lives, and we dwell with self a faithful servant of Jehovah. She has conwouder upon their heroism, their devotion and their secrated her darling to the priestly office, under the faith.
care and tutelage of Eli. Hannah, the mother of Every act of a man-and especially of a great this consecrated child, was the first in the sacred
records who is said to have offered silent prayer. judgment as did Joel and Abiah. The aged prophet Her song of thanksgiving is the first hymn.
is called upon to install a monarch-thus taking away In the solemn hour of the later watches of the from his own family a rulership which he had fondly night came to the child Samuel the still small voice hoped they would have been worthy to inherit. of the divine call, and the venerable High Priest is But Samuel, believing it the will of God, does not warned of impending doom.
oppose the demand. It comes.
The Ark of God goes down before the A choice young man of the tribe of Benjamin, Philistine host. The heart-stricken Eli sinks down taller and more fair than any other, even of his dead from his place beside the gateway of the princely tribe, comes to the Seer for counsel in resanctuary. Ichabod,” “The glory is departed; gard to a matter which involved obedience to his for the Ark of God is taken."
father. Samuel receives him with loving courtesy It may be noted that the Israelites here felt that and hospitality ; informs him of his worthiness to be the Divine Presence was taken from them. They the captain and leader of Israel, and while anointevidently had no realization of the sacred and solemn ing him with oil, gives him the assurance that the truth that with the pure in heart the Divine Presence Spirit of God would come upon him and give him is always near at hand, and that the Ark was only a ability and another heart. type that shadowed forth faintly an eternal truth. The installment of the new king, the formation of After all the instructions of the past experiences of a plan of government for the monarchy, the change Israel, the conception of the spiritual nature of God from the old order to the new was the work of the was exceedingly crude among the laity. The High aged Samuel, after which he bows to the inevitable Priest, however, could readily perceive the sacred course of events and retires gradually to make way voice, though it came to him through the pure hearted for the new order. With tenderest blessing he parts child, who did his bidding in the sanctuary. "And from his people, promising still to be their teacher the child Samuel grew on and was in favor both and spiritual father though no longer their judge, or with the Lord and with men "-"and the Lord was ruler. The splendid warrior youth was now to be with him, and did let none of his words fall to the subjected to the supreme test of character: the posground, and all Israel, from Dan to Beersheba, knew session of absolute power. Has he faith and trust in that Samuel was established to be a prophet of the Israel's Jehovah--the Jehovah that loveth righteousLord.”
Does he take heed to those monitions of the This silent, inward, unconscious growth of Samuel, spirit which may raise him to a true and divine kingis in accordance with all the most noble Christian ship, and will he look for counsel and the wisdom of philosophy. It is surely the exemplification of a deep experience to the great Seer who had anointed universal truth.
him to his high functions, or was he inclined more to Stanley designates him as "the first instance of a rely on sacrificial or ritualistic offerings to propitiate prophet gradually raised for his office from the earliest the favor of the Most High, than on simple obedience dawn of reason. His work and his life are the to the manifest will of God? counterparts of each other. With all the recollec- Says Geikie: “It was the special distinction of tions of the ancient sanctuary impressed upon his Samuel that with him began the long roll-call of the mind,--with the voice of God sounding in his ears, Jewish prophets, as that name is generally applied. not, as in the case of the elder teachers and leaders
The prophet is essentially an appearance of his people, amidst the roar of thunder and the peculiar to early ages and to the simple state of clash of war, but in the still silence of the Tabernacle, society before the fulness of revelation has yet been ere the lamp of God went out,--he was the more made known. The ancient world at large was marked fitted to meet the coming crisis, to become himself by its eager efforts to penetrate the secrets of the the center of new institutions."
higher powers which control human destiny. Noth“In the first child-like response, 'Speak Lord, for ing important was undertaken either in public or thy servant heareth,' was contained the secret of his private life without inquiring the will of the gods, strength.” His heart and mind were early instructed through seers, diviners, augurs, oracles, or prophets, by highest experiences and indeed " the child was who claimed ability to satisfy this craving. father to the man.” His days were indeed bound But there was a sigual difference between the each to each by natural piety and he could declare representatives of the heathen gods and those of his integrity to the people, when he stood before them Jehovah. To the former, the indications of the in his venerable age at Gilgal and challenge their Divine will were read in the phenomena and occurjudgment, for he had walked before them from his rences of outer nature and of the animal world ; in childhood unto that day in which he had, in his priestly the whispering of the oak leaves at Dodona, in the function, anointed a princely youth to the royal flight of birds, in the motions of the entrails of a office in Israel.
sacrifice, in the sounds of birds or beasts, or in their Grotius has called him the Jewish Aristides, he unexpected appearances. But in the true religion, was to his nation and age, far more than ever this noble instinct was met only by communications Aristides was to the Greeks: not only prophet, judge made from the unseen God, through the spirit of man, and statesman, but father.
His image on earth. : ..
Any human power of The popular demand in Israel for a kingly ruler, divination is repudiated, and all disclosures of the was precipitated by the misdeeds of the unworthy purposes of God are due to direct communications sons of the Seer. The elders of Israel were not dis- from Himself. He alone, in fact, can prophesy; the posed to accept the judgeship of men who turned prophet is only His voice among men. The name aside after lucre—who took bribes and perverted Nabi comes from a root
" " to boil forth"
to boil up,"