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of all the powers is worthy of a moment's consideration. A merely intellectual training is quite as likely to be a powerful instrument for evil as for good, and this is now so universally recognized that education, in its true sense, has come to mean the proper training of all the powers—physical, mental, moral and Spiritual. Any school or college which falls short of this, fails in the high mission for good for which it Was designed. Are we, as members of the religious Society of Friends, desirous of perpetuating and extending our Society and widening and strengthening its influence for good? We well know that its principles have taken a deep root, and that many of them have permeated other religious bodies and extended far beyond our own limits. But we are surely not prepared to admit that the need for a separate religious Organization like ours has either ceased to exist or diminished. I firmly believe that there are wide fields of usefulness in the world opening, and to open before us, yet undreamed of, even by the most sanguine members of our Society. Let us no longer despond, as Some have done of latter years. Let us not waste Valuable time in counting our lessening numbers, and mourning over our deciine. Let us recognize the fact that our future strength depends upon the proper training and education of our children. Let them be thoroughly taught, not only in all the branches of an intellectual education, but in a knowledge of the distinctive principles which We profess and imbued in their early years, with a love for the Society in the bosom of which they have been nurtured. Let us watch carefully over our Schools of every grade, and see to it that they are Friends' schools in reality, as well as in name, and so train and educate our young people, in our schools of higher grade and our colleges, that we shall, in a few years more, find among us an abundant supply of those qualified—in mind and heart—to take charge of these schools, and make them all that we could desire. When this time comes, the future of our religious society will be placed upon a secure foundation. And in closing let me say that I would most earnestly encourage every effort to harmonize all seeming differences between Friends everywhere; and strive to undo, in the generations to come, the sad effects of discord and disruption, and make us again, all Friends of whatever name, one united people.
CANON FARRAR'S VIEWS.
[M. S., of Aiken, South Carolina, sends us the following letter received by her after Canon Farrar's visit to Philadelphia, thinking it might be of interest to the readers of the INTELLIGENCER AND Journal.]
. . . THE church was packed to its utmost capacity. Hundreds stood patiently the two and a half hours, and all the while he was speaking gave the closest attention. He took for his text the passage from Hebrews, 12th chapter, 27th verse: “And this word yet once more signifieth the removing of those things which are shaken, as of things that have been made, that those things that are not shaken may remain.” He showed
so plainly and liberally what might be shaken and what remain. “Let the old give place to the new, stand not by the traditions of the past; the unprogressive church is a dying church; and the retrogressive church is a dead church. Why do you linger in the East when the West is calling you ; why stand idly in the mazes of the early dawn, when the noontide sun is already here?” He spoke of those who could see no goodin anything—who would not believe in anything; these must turn and look within themselves for the obstacle; the heart must be prepared for the reception of the Light. When the rusty shield prayed to the sun to shine upon it the sun answered, “First polish thyself.” To the earnest soul who really desires the light it will be given, if you live up to the best you know. Questions arise in many minds respecting the events spoken of in the Bible. Was the earth covered by a flood 2 Did the sun stand still for Joshua 7 etc., etc. Let the inquirer get all the information on these subjects possible, let him read and study humbly and reverently, and if still not satisfied he could only say with Luther: “Let it go, it does not matter.” When we stand at the gates of Heaven those are not the questions that will be asked us, -no, not one of them,but those of far higher significance. Has your life been pure or impure, holy or unholy, true or false, honest or dishonest,-not conventionally, nor honest according to some accepted form of honesty,+but honest in the great meaning of the word 2 Have you lived up to the highest that is in you, have you left the world morally better and brighter because of your life 2 These are the essential things that
Speaking of forms and creeds that were thought by some to be so necessary to salvation, he said, “They are not found in the Apostles, they are not found in the Thirty-nine Articles of Faith, but more than all they are not found in the Lord's Prayer, nor His Sermon on the Mount. In heaven there shall be neither sect nor creed, but all shall be saints, and, —thanks be to God —the forgiven sinner. Then he urged so strongly that we should let pass the non-essentials, living up only to the requirements of Christ, not perverting nor mystifying Christianity, but to live as Christ taught : the true meaning of the word lies in that, and not in creed or dogma. Let the shadows go. Once in Italy I saw a noble pine, its shadow fell across a cataract, which by its motion swayed and shook the shadow, yet the pine itself was immovable. So it was with the great unshaken, immovable truths that Christ taught.
He alluded to Wm. Penn and his teachings, he who founded this great city with a holy purpose. It rests with you to fulfil that purpose. He spoke at length of those who profess not to believe in God, and propounded seven questions with which to con
Society should not rest on the labors and traditions of two centuries ago, but awake and arouse itself, that it be not found sleeping the sleep of lethargy, that I fear will eventually cause its death if not realized and shaken off. There is enough to remain. As he said, “Are not these questions great enough 7 Are they not sufficient for you?” And so there is enough in the principles of our Society, for it is to grow and flourish on if it be not overlaid with selfSatisfaction in what our forefathers have done. He was so simple in his teachings, so earnest, so “imbued with power from on high 1” Can such a life and teaching fail to spread a wide and lasting influence? E. H. S.
For Friends' Intelligencer and Journal. MISSIONARY WORK WEST AND SOUTH.
A* a recent meeting of the Illinois branch of the “Women’s Indians' Rights Associative” we had the pleasure of listening to an informal report from Miss Ludlow, of a recent visit to various tribes of Indians. She has been a teacher in the Hampton school for thirteen years, and in this journey has visited a large number of returned students, nearly all of whom have had a continuously good record. One of the girls who was married and keeping house, entertained her in a clean log cabin, with a dirt floor and dirt roof. There was a neat patchwork quilt on the bed, and a canopy over it to catch the dirt which might fall. There was a sewing machine, and a Butterick pattern book, by which the young wife was making herself a calico dress. Another Hampton girl met her at the door with a Marion Harland cook book in her hand, by which she was preparing dinner. She saw a threshing machine at work, which was bought with money that Sitting Bull had sent to his people for that purpose. He had saved it from his pay in Buffalo Bill’s “Wild West” show. She related many interesting incidents of her trip, which I cannot recall with sufficient clearness to repeat, but will give the brief report published in the Inter-Ocean of this city.
Miss Ludlow has just returned from a visit to the Indian reservations of the far West. The first she visited was the Yankton reservation, upon which she found 1700 Indians. Of this number 1000 wear citizen's dress, and 433 are church members. She noted many large and well cultivated farms. The Government school is attended by eighty children, and the Episcopal school by forty children ; both have industrial branches. She visited Crow Creek Reservation, and drove through the village of Chamberlain, that has been so much talked of lately. At this point there are 1900 Indians, and they have 1100 acres under cultivation. Last year they shipped 6000 bushels of wheat, and they have 1100 head of cattle. A government school house has just been completed which will accommodate 100 children. At Lower Brulay there are 1400 Indians. The Episcopal clergyman there is a native, Luke Walker, who has done and is doing splendid work. At Cheyenne she visited the government School-house. There are 3400 Indians on this reservation on full rations, the treaty not expiring until 1898. At the Standing Rock Agency she found the most interesting reservation of them all. There there are 1128 families scattered all over the reservation, with three School-houses, holding thirty children each, and two large
ones accommodating 100 each. She visited the various districts of the reservation and related some interesting tales of what she saw. At Devil's Lake she saw many splendid farms. There are 8000 Indians on this reservation, and they have 30,000 acres under cultivation. The young people are for progress, but the old ones are anti-progressive. The Santee reservation has about 700 Indians. There are ninety-nine scholars in the school. At Sissiton the reserVation of the scouts was found. She saw three settlements of homesteaders; there were twenty-one families that Started the settlements, but only seven remained the allotted five years, all of whom are doing well. The agent said that too much justice was being done the Indians, as they were allowed to go back to the reservations when they tire of the homestead business. The way back was made too easy, and they often went back instead of trying to keep on in the progressive path. In concluding her remarks she said a few words in favor of Hampton College. She had seen about seventy-seven of the returned scholars, and of these only four had gone back to the blanket, and forty-five had always done well.
She spoke also of the condition of the Wisconsin tribes, especially the Menominees. She says they are slowly starving. They live upon pine lands, but are not allowed to sell their timber, and as they cannot raise much upon these lands their resources are very limited. If they would allow lumber companies to come in, they would buy and cut the timber, but they would also introduce “Fire Water” they fear, and that would be a worse evil than the present. It would require an “Act of Congress to relieve them, and I have thought that possibly Friends might be able to do something, and perhaps get the matter through Congress the coming year. It will no doubt require much pressing, (as anything of real value often does), in such a mass of personal and political work. This may be a case where our committees may find an opening for work in this cause. I have thought much about Martha Schofield's appeal for aid in her valuable work, and it does seem as if seven yearly meetings might partially support one or more colored schools. I have tried to think of some methods by which money could be raised. The usual church methods of fairs and entertainments are too objectionable. A young Friend suggested a weekly contribution, of from one penny upward, from our First-day school classes. If all our classes would do this, systematically, the sum would amount to a good deal in the course of a year, and would be a double blessing, no doubt, to the giver and receiver. The little self-denial required would be good for us, and it would cultivate a habit of giving among the young people which would be valuable. Too often we wait until we get everything we want for ourselves, and then if we have anything left we will give it, which latter is too seldom the case with many. One class of young women I know have agreed to contribute five cents a week. It is not a large class unfortunately, but as each one earns her own money, it will be all the more valuable. I simply make this "as a suggestion. If any one has a better, I should be glad to hear it. It seems very sad that those young colored people who have so much to overcome in obtaining an education, and are so anxious for it, should not have the opportunity.
Particularly in a school where the Principal is so will
THE CENTENNIAL OF TEMPERANCE.1 THE Centennial of Temperance convened at St. George's Hall with about four hundred delegates present, besides a number of interested and zealous friends of the reform. While the partisan and non-partisan workers were both well represented, present methods were but slightly considered; true to Dr. Dorchester's call for the meeting, it was made historically interesting throughout every session. The fact was recognized that the Friends and several other religious societies had borne a testimony against the too freeuse of distilled spirits, or drunkenness, prior to 1785, but Benjamin Rush through his pamphlet entitled, “The Effects of Ardent Spirits on the Body and Mind,” and his zeal in pressing it before the people of all sects, Was the first to move the common mind. All our Organized temperance work is directly traceable to him, as originator of the reform. Quickly following the agitation produced by Dr. Rush, temperance societies were formed, generally with Small attendance it is true; but growing themSelves ever nearer to the total abstinence basis, they Sowed the seeds that to-day demand entire total abstinenceforindividuals, and prohibitory laws throughOut Our nation as the only position deserving the attention of temperance reformers. The first temperance society was organized in 1808. In 1826 the “National Society” for the promotion of temperance was founded, and soon followed such important organizations as the Washington and Father Matthew movements. The history and present position of each of the prominent temperance organizations of the last century was given, and, except in one instance, not a word was uttered in favor of license, high or low, but unconditional prohibition advocated throughout. One interesting feature of the meeting was the presence of a large delegation of Catholics representing the “Catholic Total Abstinence Union of America,” which is composed of forty thousand pledged members. John B. Campbell, one of their number, served the meeting as one of the Vice-Presidents, and Father Cleary was one of the prominent speakers, stating with much pride that the Catholic Bishops of America, assembled in council in the city of Baltimore last fall, sent out an appeal to all the Catholics of the |United States, and to the priests, that they should appeal to their congregations to abandon as soon as possible the dangerous traffic, and engage in some more honorable business. This movement, by a class of people who at present are so largely engaged in the traffic, is a most hopeful sign. It is the first time a temperance gathering has
1An essay prepared by Gertrude W. Kent, to be read at the monthly Temperance Conference at Londongrove, Pa., under the care of Western Quarterly Meeting's committee.
succeeded in obtaining Catholic co-operation. The various churches were called upon to render an account of their past work and define their present position. Some had but little temperance work during the century worthy of record, while others were actively engaged in working as well as praying, even to the extent of encouraging their members to vote for no man or with any party that does not openly favor prohibition. In the absence of Wm. Edgerton, an Indiana Friend who is preparing the history of temperance work in our society, to be published with the other papers presented to the conference, some of us felt sorry that Daniel Hill, John J. Cornell, or some other of our able workers was not present to speak for us. An Indian chief from Canada stated that the Indians have now become enfranchised in that dominion, and that in many parts the Indian vote will be the controlling power, and they mean to give their undivided support to prohibition. The conference was believed to be the largest and most enthusiastic temperance gathering ever assembled on this continent, exhibiting the strength of the reform, both in members and devoted earnestness, beyond anticipation. On the last evening of the meeting, after 4000 people were crowded into the Academy of Music, and Horticultural Hall was filled with those who failed to gain admittance to the Academy, there was still a large number who could not gain an entrance to either, and speakers were asked to address another meeting composed of the overflow. A meeting of this kind cannot fail to have many beneficial results, giving us a knowledge of what has been done and what is being done throughout all parts of our country; teaching us the true character of the reform we are laboring in, the relation we bear to it, the duties we owe it, and imparting fresh courage and inspiration to every one fortunate enough to be present. The fact that in advocating one reform, other reforms are always being aided, was noticeable in the perfect unity of spirit manifested by ministers of various denominations laboring together in a common cause, and in seeing women who had been taught only a few years ago by these same religious denominations that their only proper sphere of labor is in priyate life, now touched by their Heavenly Father's anointing, rise with a sense of their responsibility in the presence of a giant iniquity and stand recognized as worthy co-laborers on the platforms of our country by those who had formerly denounced such a course. So great have been the strides toward the enfranchisement of woman by those who were formerly indifferent, that we begin to realize that the day of equality before the law is not far distant. Another pleasing incident in the meeting was the presence of the aged singer, John Hutchinson, the last of a band of brothers whose voices ever rang for liberty. He still labors with his one great talent of song in uplifting oppressed humanity. As we listened to his stirring Songs, we thought how beautiful to behold an aged man well informed on the topics and issues of the day, keeping step with the progress of his time.
INTELLIGENCER AND JOURNAL.
HowARD M. JENKINs, Managing Editor.
ASSOCIATE EDITORS: HELEN G. LoNGSTRETH. LOUISA. J. ROBERTS. SUSAN ROBERTs. RACHEL W. HILLBORN. LYDIA. H. HALL.
PHILADELPHIA, ELEVENTH MONTH 21, 1885.
***It should be explicitly understood that the editors do not accept any responsibility for the views of correspondents and contributors who sign their articles. The signature—whether by a full name, initials, or other characters—must be the voucher for an independent expression.
*** A8 a rule, We cannot notice communications unaccompanied by a name. We need to know who it is that addresses us.
OUR SPIRITUAL NEED.
THE need of a revival of spiritual religion is widespread. Earnest-hearted Christians, in every denomination, are putting up the prayer of the old prophet, “O Lord! revive thy work,” and there seems to be a centering to this one thought, that if dwelt under must be availing. But the work has its root in the individual, it must begin in the Soul of each professor of the Christian name. When we feel the prayer for revival Springing up, like the tiny blade, from the parched Sod of our own unfruitfulness, it is ours to nourish and cherish the tender life, to watch for the dews of this night season, and pray for the early showers, that our plant may not wither and die, in its first arisings. Are we doing this? Is the petition of each heart that feels the need, “Let the work begin here, show me thy way, give me the power, make my life a witness and a testimony to thy willingness to hear and answer, when thy children cry mightily to thee!” It is not in the province of preaching, though that is one of the means by which the church is strengthened and held together, nor can committees however judiciously chosen, work availingly or create a life that will be abiding, and it is well for our church, as one of the parched and thirsty fields of Christian endeavor, to wisely consider this, in the efforts now making to build again the waste places. This must be a hand to hand struggle. Whatever awakens to a sense of duty and responsibility must be the mesSage that comes through the touch of that flaming coal that made Isaiah willing to go on the Lord's errand; must be from the power that sat as tongues of fire upon the Apostles, and gave them the inspiration to go forth carrying the new evangel to the souls of their brethren who like Simeon were “waiting for
the consolation of Israel,” of whom it is written “the Holy Ghost was upon him.”
Let us as the heart of one man put up the petition of Habakkuk, “O Lord, revive thy work,” and with him let each say “I will stand upon my watch and Set me upon my tower, and will watch to see what he will say unto me, and what I shall answer when I am reproved.”
FUNDS FOR MISSION WORK. OUR valued friend and correspondent, H. A. P., of Chicago, in considering the needs of the mission schools among the Southern colored people, makes a suggestion which we think should be emphasized. This is that the children in the First-day school classes should be encouraged to make a small contribution for this object. Whether this might be made weekly, (a penny or so at a time), or whether the contribution should be handed in at stated times, would be a detail to be considered. The needs of the schools both at Mt. Pleasant and Aiken remain very pressing. In the former case less than enough funds have been collected to rebuild, and the salary of the teacher remains to be provided for; while at Martha Schofield's there is a deficit to be met in the current expenses of the school, as stated heretofore, more than once. It does seem as if the support of these two schools would be a very light and reasonable undertaking for our religious body, and it might be the very best way to cultivate amongst the children the idea of self-sacrifice, and the desire to join in good works. A Friend in the Northwest, living remote from most of the Society, but who, as we know, is a cheerful giver to aid its several objects, says in a recent note: “I do wish Friends took more interest in the education of the blacks. We have now so few schools for them that are at all Friendly, that these should be libera ly supported.”
CHILD–SPEAKMAN.—On the 11th of Eleventh month,
1885, at the residence of the bride's parents, Wallace township, Chester county, by Friends' ceremony, Thomas H. Child, of Philadelphia, and Lucy McKim, daughter of William A. Speakman.
ENGLE-CLOTHIER.—At Mount Holly, N.J., Eleventh month 12th, by Friends' ceremony, at the residence of Allen Fenimore, David D. Engle, of Philadelphia, and Margaret, daughter of the late Samuel H. Clothier, of Mount Holly.
RICHARDS—WILLIAMSON.—Under the care of Chester Monthly Meeting, held at Chester, Pa., Tenth month 28th, 1885, at the residence of the brides' parent, Louis H. Richards, of Media, Pa., son of Isaac S. and Mercy A. Richards, of Cecil, Md., and Rebecca J., daughter of John P. and Amy Pim Williamson.
CARTER.—Eleventh month 10th, 1885, at Eastland, Lancaster county, Pa., Ruth Carter, in her 61st year; a member of Little Britain Monthly Meeting.
HALLOWELL.-On the evening of Eleventh month 7th, 1885, at Abington, Pa., Jane T., wife of Abel Hallowell, Jr., and daughter of Richard and the late Catharine Roberts, in her 38th year.
KAY.—Eleventh month 10th, at Haddonfield, N. J., Rebecca W., widow of Joseph Kay, in her 78th year. MASON.—At the residence of his uncle, Eli Morris, in Richmond, Ind., Charles Mason, aged 22 years. While in attendance at Indiana Yearly Meeting, of which he was a member, he was stricken down with typhoid fever, from which he died on 23d of Tenth month 1885. He was son of Howard and Martha A. Mason, of Rankakee, Illinois, and was a young man who had given promise of superior usefulness in life. Religious service was held at the place of his decease the following evening, and fervent prayers went up to the throne of grace for the consolation of his bereaved parents. C. W. C. Mendon Centre, N. Y. McFADDEN.—On Ninth month 22nd, 1885, Hannah K. McFadden, in the 82nd year of her age; a consistent member of Kennett Monthly Meeting, Chester county, Pa.
MOORE.-At Sandy Spring, Md., on Eleventh month 8th, 1885, Anna L. Moore, wife of Joseph T. Moore, and daughter of the late Thomas Leggett, of Flushing, Long Island, in the 49th year of her age.
MOSEMAN.—Eleventh month 10th, 1885, at Amawalk, Westchester county, New York, Betsy Ann, widow of James Moseman, and daughter of Wright and Ann Horton, aged 83 years and 6 days; a member of Amawalk Monthly Meeting.
VAIL.-In Colorado, Tenth month 28th, 1885, Thomas Elwood Vail, youngest son of Lindley M. and Rachel H. Vail, in the 29th year of his age; a member of Little Falls Monthly Meeting of Friends, Maryland.
For Friends' Intelligencer and Journal.
THE MANAGEMENT OF SPVARTHMORE COLLEGE. . N the near approach of the annual meeting of the stockholders of Swarthmore College—Twelfth month 1st,--it seems fitting to express a few thoughts in connection therewith. At the last annual meeting the subject of the apportionment of managers among the different yearly meetings was introduced and somewhat discussed; the opinion being held by some that the representation on the board from the several yearly meetings should be in proportion to the amount of stock held by each. I consider this idea to be at variance with the concern which led to the foundation of the College, as well as opposed to the spirit of the institution, and the principles and practices of the society. Article 3d of the Constitution provides that “an equitable proportion of them” [the managers] “shall belong to each of the yearly meetings of Philadelphia, Baltimore and New York and other yearly meetings, the members of which subscribe to the stock.” Now it is exclusively on the wording of this clause, that any re-apportionment has been considered; “an equitable proportion,” etc. In my judgment the appor
tionment originally made of the thirty-two managers, sixteen to Philadelphia, thirteen to New York, and three to Baltimore, was not based alone upon the amount of stock held by those yearly meetings, but also upon the number of stockholders supposed to reside within the limits of the respective meetings. The amount of stock was not intended to control the apportionment. On the contrary while the whole subject of stock and personal representation was fully discussed, it was determined that the number of shares held should have no influence, except in the matter of the purchase or sale of real estate, and in changes of the Constitution; and that all other subjects should be decided by ballot, each stockholder having one vote. Changes of the constitution require a vote of the majority of stockholders present, in addition to a majority of all the stock. Even here a majority of the stock would not suffice without a concurrent vote of stockholders. This is clearly the whole spirit of the constitution. The fact that the government and management of the College is everywhere provided to be under the care of managers chosen without reference to stock representation, seems to settle this point conclusively. But there are other and grave reasons against such a change. A re-apportionment upon the basis of stock held by the members of the three yearly meetings, would now give Philadelphia twenty-eight managers (about seven-eighths of the whole), leaving three for New York, and one for Baltimore—where the concern originated. I am fully of the opinion that such a course would not only be out of accordance with the spirit and concern of the founders, but would be detrimental to the best interests of the College. Swarthmore is the only college belonging to our branch of the Society in the country. I conceive it is desirable, instead of circumscribing its lines, to give it so far as possible a national character, to interest in 1t by representation and service on the board, and in every possible way, the members of all the yearly meetings in this country. • Instead of, as proposed, practically concentrating the government in the Philadelphia Yearly Meeting, it would be better, if practicable, to distribute it even more widely than at present. To my mind advantage would accrue from giving a small representation on the management even to the most distant yearly meeting. Every yearly meeting which has stockholders residing within its limits could thus be represented upon the board. Such distant representative might do the required business partly by correspondence, and would be a representative of the College always ready to be referred to by those of his own yearly meeting, and personally interested in furthering the interest and urging the benefits of the Institution among his constituency. The Executive Committee of the Board would, as at present, properly consist of those residing near enough to give the College personal attention, but the management would also include representatives of all the yearly meetings, thereby giving the College a distinctively national character, and interesting in its concern and welfare Friends from all over the country. If it be desired and requested by interested stockholders