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HILE we are receiving the valued visit to this country of F. W. Farrar, Archdeacon of Westminster, it will be acceptable to many readers who have heard the modest great man discourse upon great themes among us, to give an hour or two to his latest popular work—“Seekers after God.” This is from the press of Macmillan & Co., London; and the author says of his work: “I have endeavored in the following pages to give in a popular manner as full an account of the lives and opinions of three great heathen philosophers as was possible in the space at my command.” These were Seneca, Epictetus, and Marcus Aurelius, who amid infinite difficulties and surrounded by a corrupt Society, devoted themselves
to earnest search after that truth which might make their lives beautiful before God.” He considers these “Seekers” as illustrations of the noble standard of morality and practice to which the invisible workings of the Holy Spirit enable many to attain who are ranked among the heathen. The declaration of the Christ that “Every one that asketh receiveth ; and he that seeketh findeth ; and to him that knocketh, it shall be opened,” applies to all mankind. Again, we recommend the reading of this most interesting little book and believe it will be found acceptable even to children.
GOD be thanked for books. They give to all who will faithfully use them, the society, the spiritual presence of the best and greatest of our race. No matter how poor I am, no matter though the prosperous of my own time will not enter my obscure dwelling, if the sacred writers will enter and take up their abode under my roof; if Milton will cross my threshold to sing to me of Paradise; and Shakespeare, to open to me the world of imagination and the workings of the human heart; and Franklin to enrich me with his practical wisdom; I shall not pine for want of intellectual companionship, and I may become a cultivated man, though excluded from what is called the best Society in the place where I live.— Channing.
ORTHODOX FRIENDS. A" the unveiling of the picture of Elizabeth Fry, at the School at Providence, R.I., on Ninth month 29th, Gertrude W. Cartland read an interesting address sketching her work and character.
The London Friend gives an interesting account of Endre Dahl, one of the little company of Friends at Stavanger, in Norway, who died in the Ninth month of the present year, aged 69. About 1840 he joined Friends, and soon after he married Maria Endberg, who had previously become a member.
“This marriage, after the manner of Friends, was adjudged to be contrary to the Lutheran ecclesiastical law, and they were ‘sentenced to be sent to prison for ten days, and kept during that time on bread and water ; the marriage also was to be annulled.’ They were prepared to suffer, and Endre Dahl took no steps whatever to procure a reversal; but it came to pass that after having been moved from Court to Court, it was presented for decision, and finally cancelled by the then reigning monarch, Oscar I. In the year 1845 Endre Dahl's voice was first heard in public ministry, which proved greatly to the comfort of his friends, Soon after which he commenced his highly-valued pastoral visits to the little companies and Scattered members in the south of Norway, in which Service he was engaged, more or less, to the end of his days.”
He had been long in feeble health, and liable to much internal suffering. For a time it was with great difficulty he was able to attend meetings, but for nearly twelve months his health had somewhat improved. At his home meeting he was mostly silent, but he took an active part in the discipline of the Society, and as correspondent with the Continental Committee of the Meeting for Sufferings of London Yearly Meeting.
Commenting upon the great energy now shown in foreign mission work, Friends' Review proceeds as follows: “At its rise the Society of Friends did vigorous pioneer missionary work in various parts of the world. This was mostly, with them, individual rather than organized. Those times did not favor much organization for such purposes. After a long quiescence, the missionary spirit has been, within a quarter of a century, revived amongst Friends. It is a manifest sign, and a potent means for the promotion of religious life. It is of the very essence of Christianity to follow the Master in giving ourselves for the world; for men who suffer; for men who are in ignorance and darkness; for those who know not the name of Him who came that the world through Him might be saved. Over and over again it may be repeated because, it is true and yet is not appreciated as a truth by all, that the church which is not a missionary body must die. Strange indeed it seems, that there is one Yearly Meeting of Friends, that of Philadelphia, that withholds its sympathy from mission work, even among its own members; under a fear lest it may not be done exactly in a manner Supposed to comply with a certain (or uncertain) standard of usages.”
The remarkable (for one claiming the name of “Friend’”) view of A. M. Purdy, of the Christian Worker, that the doctrine of the “inner light in all ” is “the most dangerous heresy that can be held,” is considered by The Friend, which marshals the Scriptural and other authorities to sustain that fundamental doctrine of George Fox. It says: “It is very apparent from the extract, that its writer does not hold the doctrines professed by the founders of our Society, who fully and unbesitatingly declared their belief that the light of Christ—the illuminating and regenerating power of his Spirit—visits all men in order to their salvation. Indeed this was the main bent of their writings, and of their ministry, in which they labored to turn the attention of all to the witness for God in their own consciences.”
“J. W.,” in The Friend, describing a “Visit to Ohio,” says: “The social conditions of the members of our Society in the parts of our country which have been the longest settled are somewhat different from those which prevail in the more recently settled parts to the westward. There, the young people in a general way, seem to depend more on their own exertions for their support, and look less to parents or friends for aid in establishing themselves in business. This develops in them a self-reliant energy which tends to make men and women of decided and valuable character. Expecting to make their own way in the world, and being willing to encounter the difficulties and hardships inseparable from the effort, a larger proportion of them marry early in life than is usual at the East. They appear to feel that it is not wise for them to postpone the 6:njoyment of the sweetness
and comfort flowing from a happy union, till age has cooled the warmth of the affections, and the mind has become filled with the cares of life. In a recent visit to Ohio, I attended Stillwater Monthly Meeting, held on the 23d of Ninth month, and a part of its business was the proposed marriages of four couples of young Friends. It has been very interesting to me, when in the western states, to notice the influence exerted in the affairs of life by the affectionate part of our nature—an influence which in some parts of our country is partly supplanted by devotion to literary culture, and still more by a luxurious and self-indulgent manner of living.”
At Allegheny City, Pa., “J. W.” says, “the Friend at whose house we tarried, having no regularly established meeting of Friends which he can attend, si's down in his parlor on First and Fifth-days, with his family and such others as may incline to join them in thus waiting in silent reverence on the Father of spirits. On the occasion at which we were present there were gathered perhaps more than thirty persons,—a larger number than usual. Many of these were not members of our Society, but several of them were more or less convinced of the principles we hold, and were seeking after spiritual good. We have often felt that, where members of our Society are living in isolated positions, it would be of advantage to themselves and families to hold their little meetings in this way at regular hours.”
A STRANGE STORY.
HE number of Harper's Weekly issued this week contains a full-page illustration which reveals an almost incredible phase of life in this civilized and Christian age of the world. It is apparently a view of an attack by Russian soldiers at midnight on the village of Some poor tribe. The soldiers are powerful men, mounted and armed to the teeth; they are riding down and murdering at ease the wretched creatures as they rush out of their tents in wild terror. A woman catches her baby to her breast to Save it ; a little girl in her night clothes flees into the darkness of the Winter's night. The most extraordinary part of the matter is the explanation which accompanies it. The massacre is mentioned in terms of approbation, and directions are given in case any American may have occasion to join in such work. “Daybreak is invariably chosen for the attack, as then men sleep the soundest.” “At a signal the aSSailants burst into the camp with a yell, and sword and pistol do their terrible work. Nothing breaks the spirit of the assailed more than these attacks. Almost always a clean sweep is made. The camp is
burned.” An interesting anecdote is made of a little fellow of 12, who, being roused from sleep to see his father and brothers murdered, fought hard, wounding several Soldiers. But the story is told to give glory to a “gallant officer” on horseback, who might easily have shot the boy, but contented himself with riding him down with his heavy horse. The writer assures us that “women and children were always spared.” But as the picture rouses some interest in these poor women and babies, reference will probably be made by our readers to the history of these night attacks. We find in the account of one that “the dead bodies of women and children were scattered over the ground; one baby of two months had been shot twice and its leg hacked off.” In another: “Women and children were killed, infants shot at their mothers' breasts, and all their bodies mutilated in the most horrible manner.” On one occasion a body of this helpless tribe were forced to leave the land and homes they had occupied for 100 years. Attempting to return, they were shut up for three days without food to induce them to submit. When starving and frozen they
broke out, they were shot down, men, women and
children together. These things are done, not because this tribe have committed crime, but because they do not willingly give up their homes to their conquerors. The tribe are not allowed any legal defense; they can appeal to no court to protect their property or life. Who would believe that such a story can be true in this late day of the world, even in truly barbarous Russia? No such cruelties are practiced in Russia. But what if it be true here in America, and that these are American soldiers who are pictured at their thuggish work? If it be so, how, in the name of civilization and of God, can a representative American paper justify and make light of it?—The Press.
ICCONOMIZE YOUR STRENGTH.
CASE of physical bankruptcy came under my notice not long since, which furnishes a text for the present homily. The conditions were such as are common to thousands of households throughout the land. An aged and widowed mother, during a long and painful illness, was dependent upon the care of two daughters, each less than thirty years old. A slender income forbade the help of a professional nurse, and upon these two girls fell the extra labor which is a necessary concomitant of sickness. The service was a loving one. They rejoiced that their own hands could minister to the necessities of one who grew unspeakably more precious as the time drew near when the dear worn face would be buried from their sight. Their devotion was so sweet, so tender, so unselfish that the neighbors often remarked, “Those Blair girls will break down after their mother’s death.” \ The prophecy came true of only one, however. When the beloved presence had gone out from the home to return no more forever, Miss Louisa, the elder, became the victim of nervous prostration, and was obliged to go away for treatment to a celebrated sanitarium. The younger now had an additional burden of loneliness to bear, and it was during this time that I called upon her and learned the secret of her marvelous endurance. “How is it,” I asked, “when you shared mutually in the care of your mother, when your affection for her was equally strong, and, to all outward appearances, when your health was no better than Louisa's, that she has broken down and you have not ?”
Her earnest, direct and common-sense answer was substantially as follows: “About five years ago,” she said, “I was led to see that I ought to be laying up in store for this very emergency. Sickness and death are vicissitudes common to every family, and while father had carefully hoarded money enough to carry us comfortably through all ordinary expenses incident thereto, I knew that something besides money would be needed. I knew that if mother had a lingering illness that both Louisa and myself would wish to do everything that we could ourselves for her comfort, even to the robing of the precious body for burial, and this would take vital force. I studied the subject carefully, and felt confident that we, like most Americans, were living up to the very limit of our income in this particular. We had no “complaints,” so called, but each day we used up every particle of strength which we generated. There was no surplus. Such a course of living seemed to me as unwise as to spend the little capital which father had prudently saved, leaving nothing in the bank upon which to draw in the proverbial rainy day. I talked with my sister, but she laughed at what she called my hobby, and persistently staid within doors while I was tramping the fields, or grubbing in the flower garden, or taking vigorous exercise of some kind. I had no special theories beyond what are involved in a sensible use of Nature's common agencies—pure air, exercise, simple diet, abundant sleep, and a contented spirit. Sometimes it seemed selfish to go off by myself for an afternoon nap, but I studied my own organism sufficiently to see that while I might be reckless in exposure to cold, for instance, or in matters of diet, that as regards sleeping I must hold a tight rein if I wished to strengthen my nervous system. By and by came the testing time, and oh I cannot be grateful enough that I had my wealth of health to use for mother during her last days. It was an inexpressible comfort to watch night after night without weariness, to have strong arms to lift her, and steady nerves to soothe her in paroxysms of pain. Louisa lived on her principal of strength, I on my interest; that explains my being left here to carry on the household cares alone for awhile.”
Here the strong mouth quivered and tears filled her eyes as she added, “I’m aware that now I have used up all my reserve force, and I must begin to lay by in store again. But it is blessed, it does pay to have one's own self to give in time of need.” It seems to me that this experience, and it is not a fictitious one, contains the germ of a great truth, viz., that the secret of health, as of wealth, is to lay up a little each day. Into every life there will come periods when sleep must be broken and meals be irregular, a run in the open air impossible, and the household routine deranged.
—FRANCEs J. DYER, in Good Housekeeping.
Practise to make God thy last thought at night when thou sleepest, and thy first thought in the morning when thou wakest ; so shall thy fancy be sanctified in the night, and thy understanding be rectified in the day; so shall thy rest be peaceful and thy labors prosperous.-Selected.
NEWS AND OTHER GLEANINGS.
—A correspondent of the New York Evening Post, Writing from the Ross Fork Indian reservation, in Idaho, notes an instance among the Indians of that deference to Woman which civilized man considers to be due to her. It was a pretty picture, needing no touches of art or varnish of inagination. A young buck rode up to our gate, leading by the halter the pony, on which was seated a daintily attired squaw, whose tunic and leggings must have been cut by the most fashionable dressmaker of the camp to fit her exquisite form. No cavalier could have dismounted her with more care and grace. Taking her hand he led her into the house, and, striking the attitude of a Romeo, he exclaimed : “See 'em. My squaw my squaw l’” Their cleanly appearance entitling them to unusual consideration, they were ushered into the dining-room. Coffee, bread, and meat having been spread upon the table, he placed a chair for her, declining one for himself, but settling upon his haunches on the floor, fixing his admiring gaze upon her while she ate her food, and refusing any share until her appetite was satisfied. Afterward, standing by her side, he appropriated the remnants of the meal. Then he departed with her, bestowing his blessing upon us; “Good a man, good a woman; ” and, lifting his divinity upon her horse, rode away, his last words being: “See 'em, my squaw ; heap fine squaw I’” They were evidently upon their bridal tour. Anything approaching to this among the Indians is rare indeed. Woman is almost invariably a slave, a beast of burden.
—The District Attorney of Bucks county, Pa., elected on the 3d inst., is Hugh B. Eastburn, a Friend, who has taken an active part in First-day School and Temperance work. He received a very remarkable majority, (768), the county being usually Democratic by about half that number.
—An industrial exhibition, under the direction of colored men, and showing their work, has recently closed at Jackson, Miss., after having been very successful. The Memphis (Tenn.), Avalanche says it is doubtful whether any fair of the kind has been “so successful, so completely representative, or so promising of good,” and then remarks that: “The ballot was necessary to the negro and to the white man of the South. It gave to the negro a sure protective arm. It prevented the white man from sliding unconsciously from the transient masterdom of slavery into a worse, because more lasting relation of proprietor toward a serf. The future of the negro depends on what he can do in the industrial field. ‘Purt money in thy purse,” is the injunction to him. If he can do that he will in that exhibit his power to work out his own destiny. The part he has taken in the New Orleans Exposition, the tendency to hold fairs, the disposition to cultivate a talent for seizing upon and using industrial opportunities, furnish the hopeful signs for him.”
—It is stated as a curious fact by a writer in the Building News that one of the properties especially conducive to durability in timber is its odoriferousness—woods which are of this character being the most durable.
—The general tone of Western sentiment on the Indian question is often misunderstood. Among the better class of men on the extreme frontier there is a healthy, practi. cal feeling in favor of Indian education, progress and selfsupport. Mr. Welsh recently held, by invitation, a conference on the Dawes bill with the leading citizens of Pierre, Dakota, a thriving little city of 3,200 inhabitants, and the terminus of the Chicago and Northwestern railroad. The whole spirit of the discussion was one of entire fairness and
—Bishop Hare makes the important suggestion that instead of the issue of rations and annuity goods by the Government, compensation to the Indians for their lands should take the form of small monthly cash payments. Men of practical force and experience such as Agent McLaughlin of Standing Rock, strongly approve the step. The general use of money as a circulating medium would correct many abuses, create a demand for home industries, encourage the trades and foster independence and self-respect. Many if not all the Indians are ready for it, and little more can be looked for in the way of actual growth under the present artificial system.—Hampton, Va., Southern Workman.
THERE have been serious disturbances at different points on the Pacific coast, notably at Tacoma and Seattle, in Washington Territory, by mobs demanding the expulsion of the Chinese. At Tacoma, on the 4th inst., the quarter of the town occupied by Chinese was burned. The loss is stated, however, at only $25,000, and no lives were lost. At Pasadena, Cal., on the 7th inst., a public meeting was held and notice given to the Chinese that they must remove outside the city limits. This they subsequently did, On the 7th inst., President Cleveland issued a proclamation commanding all persons at Seattle and other places in Washington Territory, who have assembled for unlawful purposes, to desist therefrom and to disperse and retire peaceably to their homes on or before twelve o’clock, meridian, of November 8th. A force of United States troops has gone to Seattle to preserve order there. AT the semi-annual meeting of the State Board of Health of Iowa, in Des Moines, last week, the State Veterinarian reported that no infectious diseases of stock existed in the State except hog cholera and glanders. The former is extensively increasing and the latter decreasing. In his opinion hog cholera originates and is propagated by contagion. The remedy is isolation and quarantine. The indications are that death ends the infective power of the disease. THE Knights of Labor in San Francisco have called a mass meeting of all the labor trades unions to be held on the 28th instant, for the purpose of “taking action for the removal of the Chinese.” THE last spike in the Canadian Pacific Railroad was driven near Farwell, British Columbia, on the 7th inst., by Hon. Donald Smith. General Manager Van Horne was present, and the party went through to the Pacific coast. THE majority for Larrabee, Rep., for Governor of Iowa, is stated at 7664. In the next Virginia Legislature there will be 30 Democrats and 10 Republicans in the Senate, and 70 Democrats and 30 Republicans in the House. A Democrat will therefore take the place, (after Fourth month, 1887), of Gen. Mahone, in the U. S. Senate. A HEAVY snow storm prevailed, on the 7th inst., along the line of the Union Pacific Railroad. At Laramie and Cheyenne, Wyoming, the snow drifted badly. At Ogallala, Nebraska, the snow was 14 inches deep, and a freight train was blocked. ON the 10th inst., the committee appointed at the Lake Mohonk Conference of Friends of the Indians had an interview with the President, who gave them encouraging 3.SSUlloa, Il CéS. SERIOUS TORNADoEs are reported at Dangerfield, Texas, on the 5th, killing six persons, and doing great damage ; in Alabama, on the 6th, distroying the village of Brownsville, injuring a number of persons; and in southwestern
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