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THE late anniversary of the American Board of

Since the inception of this work there has been a INTELLIGENCER AND JOURNAL.

marked change in the theological beliefs of the church

es, even though creeds and confessions of faith still HOWARD M. JENKINS, Managing Editor.

declare what the people have outgrown. What a ASSOCIATE EDITORS:

comment it would be upon the intelligence of AmeriHELEN G. LONGSTRETH,


cans were not this the case, yet some of the speakers SUSAN ROBERTS.


labored to prove that no essential change had taken LYDIA H. HALL.

place in the seventy-five years just past, and that

those who have not received the evangelical idea of PHILADELPHIA, ELEVENTH MONTH 7, 1885.

God and of Jesus Christ stand in the same light in *** It should be explicitly understood that the editors do not

the Church that they did long ago. This we can accept any responsibility for the views of correspondents and

hadly believe, for it surely cannot be thought that contributors who sign their articles. The signature—whether by a full name, initials, or other characters-must be the voucher God's mercy and love are to be bounded by the lines for an independent expression.

which enclose the Christian Church, nor can it be that

those favored to be born where Christian influences As a rule, we cannot notice communications unaccompanied by a name. We need to know who it is that addresses us. abound, feel that all outside of these bounds are lost

for ever. A broader view must exist, and we believe MISSIONARY WORK.

the view is more liberal than the expression of it, for

the doctrine of eternal punishment has so long been, Foreign Missions held in Boston, was one of

most curiously, one of the goads to drive people to much significance, completing as it does three quar

accept God's love, that much of the teaching in the ters of a century of faithful labor among people whose

churches would need careful revising were this below condition calls for all the help which they un

lief openly abandoned. So far then as missionary willingly receive. Yet through discouragements and

work is intended to teach special dogmas we cannot adversities, many devoted men and women have la

sympathize with it, but we honor all the grand civilibored on to accomplish the one end, the conversion

zing and helpful influences wbich it carries with it, of the heathen to a belief in the evangelical Christian

and the brotherly love which moves its great army

of workers. Numberless instances of most unselfish faith. While our religious views do not accord with much that is promulgated by these missionaries, we

devotion on the part of those who have embarked in cannot withhold our admiration for their patient and

this work have been given to the public, and we are faithful endeavor, nor hesitate to rejoice in any tri

sure that such illustrations of the beauty of Christian umph of civilization over ignorance and vice. А

character must open a way for the acceptance of a good man, let his belief be what it may on doctrinal

gospel which is indeed glad tidings to all who receive

it. points, cannot fail to exert a good influence on those around him; and the example of a pure and upright

STUMBLING BLOCKS. life, an honest and God-loving Christian, even though THERE will be found in the celebrated epistles of the he be but one among hundreds who think and act eminent apostle Paul, many a terse maxim that it differently, must modify and in course of time elevate would be wisdom for mankind of to-day to endorse those who are daily witnesses of the better way of and put into practice. No one of these perhaps, is of living. An honor then is due to those who go forth greater value than this, "that no man put a stumin the self-sacrificing spirit which seeks to animate bling block or an occasion to fall in his brother's the benighted with noble impulses, and to carry the way," or the one wherein we are forbidden to do glad tidings of God's love to the ignorant and dark- "anything whereby thy brother stumbleth, or is ofened minds in heathen lands.

fended, or is made weak." The attendance at the meetings was very large, it If we were all so watchful over ourselves as to bebeing estimated that between four and five thousand come infused with the spirit of these texts we could strangers were in Boston, and as many more of the not but hasten the time when peace and prosperity residents of that place made up the gathering. The will abound, and all shall rejoice in an equality of secretary's report gives an idea of the extent of the happiness. But the growth towards such a millenwork; an item or two will suffice for us. There are nium is very slow,and many continue to be as stum2,605 laborers in the missions, and over twenty-three bling blocks" to the multitude whose highest ambithousand church members, also more than 35,000 pu- tion is to be imitators of such as personify the low pils in the schools and colleges. The total amountex- ideal they have formed of what is manly and great. pended in this vast work for the past year was $657,- We still continue to “Sow to the flesh" in very

many things in our own lives, while we by precept


strive to uplift to a higher level. Many a commis

DEATHS. sioned preacher of the Gospel of Christ (sometimes

COOK.-At the residence of her daughter, Anna Mary inadvertently) undoes the good effect of precious ut

Slaughter, Labette county, Kansas, on the 23d of Ninth terances, by the exhibition of a weakness, that may month last, Rachel K. Cook, widow of Allen Cook, of Lannot be accounted as sin to him, except in the danger

caster county, Penna., in the 76th year of her age: a mem

ber of Benjaminyille Monthly Meeting, Illinois. During of luring others to overstep the prudential line and

the past year she had several severe attacks of heart disthus fall from grace. And even when the offence is

ease which she bore with patience and resignation, often small and does not imperil anyone, there is the loss expressing her desire to be released from the shackles of

L. K. B.

mortality. Her end was peace. of reverence felt for the high ideal that will always couple nobility of character with ability to express

DIXON.-On the 22d of Ninth month, 1883, at her resi

dence, Bloomfield, Talbot county, Md., Mary Ann Bartlett, grand truths, and picture highly the life of a Chris

wife of James Dixon, in the 76th year of her age; a usetian.

ful and valued member of Third Haven Meeting. She Alas! that the " stumbling blocks” of ambition, served in the capacity of clerk for both quarterly and of avarice, indeed of all forms of selfishness, must

monthly meetings; the latter office, for a period of twenty continually retard the growth of Christianity, because

years. She was a devoted wife, a faithful and affectionate

mother, a friend to the poor and needy. For more than christian professors so often exhibit these in their

three years she suffered greatly, and her earnest prayers to daily walks in life. Religious societies too, fail to be released being answered, she passed away like one falllive up to their own high standard and do not gather ing gently to sleep. Her remains were interred at Third to them as they should the humble and honest, be

Haven, near the old meeting-house, where her ancestors

had worshipped for two hundred years. Darlington Hoopes cause these see "the spoils of the wicked” are re

made impressive remarks, and the large and solemn meetceived to enrich the treasury of the church, and they ing assembled gave evidence of the love and esteem in

stumble” and fail to get inside the enclosure where which she was held by all who knew her. the good should be gathered and therein work for DUNWOODY.-Tenth month 29th, in Chicago, Ill., Jane the salvation of others.

E. Dunwoody. Interment at Friends' ground, Newtown

Square, Pa. Let us all watch, not only ourselves as individuals,

PARRY.--At the old Parry mansion, New Hope borough, but over our own organization lest we too be found

Pa., Tenth month 28th, Ruth Parry, in her 89th year, daughwanting in that perfectness that will lead us to re- ter of the late Benjamin Parry. ject the ill gotten gain, or other " cause of offence,"

PIKE.—Tenth month 30th, at his residence, near Yardnot, casting off the sinner, but condemning the sin ley, Pa., Thornton Pike, in his 64th year, son of Henry and and laboring for his salvation, so the church can the late Mary Pike, of Philadelphia ; a member of Green stand free in her uprightness.

street Monthly Meeting.

STAPLER.–Tenth month 30th, at Yardley, Pa., Mary We do not lack in any generation bright examples

M., widow of Joseph B. Stapler, in her 64th year. of good Christian men and women, and we fully be

TATNALL.-Suddenly, Tenth month 28th, in Wilminglieve as the ages grow the numbers of these increase

ton, Del., William Tatrall, in his 64th year. and multiply, and as the fragrance from their unspotted lives sweetens our to-day, so let this stimulate us

For Friends' Intelligencer and Journal. to struggle to overcome all“ stumbling blocks,” that THE WOMEN'S NATIONAL TEMPERANCE the future may be enriched,and inspire to better liv


THE of a christian Church.

past ten days has been the 12th Annual Meet

ing of the National Women's Christian Temperance CONSIDERABLE space is occupied with the report | Union, which was held in Association Hall, 15th and of the proceedings of Baltimore Yearly Meeting. It Chestnut streets, beginnig on Sixth-day the 30th ult., was, we are assured by a number who were present,

and closing on Fourth-day following. a very interesting meeting, and was marked by nu

Our women's branch of Philadelphia Yearly

Meeting calls together every year in this city a large merous evidences of earnest awakening.

concourse of thoughtful, earnest women, and our citiWe have been obliged to decline some communi

zens are thus accustomed to such assemblies, yet the cations in reference to the medical properties of lobe

aim and scope of the Yearly Meeting is denomina

tional, and in a sense local, while this Temperance orlia, our desire being to close the discussion.

ganization reaches out to the farthest limits of our

national domain, and embraces in christian fellowship MARRIAGES.

women of all shades of sectarian belief, banded togethBOOZ-KNIGHT.-Tenth month 28th, at the residence

er for the common good. Some years ago, Philadelof Hillborn Knight, by Friends' ceremony, Jesse L. Booz,

phia was chosen as the place of meeting of the “ Asof Bristol township, Bucks county, Pa., son of the late Jo- sociation for the Advancement of Women,” and einiseph L. and Anna Booz, and Margaret, daughter of the late nent scholars, scientists and philanthropists of our Charles and Jane Knight, of Byberry, Philadelphia Co., Pa. nation, were welcomed, with hearty appreciation of public education. These are of various degrees of strincity where Lucretia Mott was honored and beloved,

ing by our example as individuals and as members THE most important event in our city during the

the privilege afforded the women of this city to meet our Society at ten dollars each, payable at a dollar per year, and mingle with the women of our land who are thus removing our organizers from embarrassment in askforemost in all that enobles and dignifies true wo- ing for funds, and insuring to them their current income? manhood. Yet the present gathering comes nearer

No more important question will be asked of our commit

tee on Finance, the heart of women and appeals to all those tender

Idaho, Utah and Indian Territory are to-day the least thoughts of love and duty that cluster about the do

responsive points in all the nation. What woman here is inestic altar. Not alone the well-born and cultured,

ready to devote one year of missionary labor to these three but the lowliest and the humblest find common cause

untilled vineyards of the Woman's Christian Temperance and common sympathy with these sister, in the work

Union? they have undertaken.

Our work among colored people should be greatly A large number of the women of our Society are strengthened. Mrs. Chapin has pioneered in this field, enrolled among them, and are doing good service in never visiting a town without calling them together, and many places, both near and more remote, where it is enlisting pastors and people to stand by prohibition. The difficult, on account of the few that can get together, good thus wrought is incalculable. But what is one woto sustain organizations of their own.

man, gifted and heroic as she may be, among so many? The delegates in attendance numbered nearly 300,

The movement to send literature to these ignorant but, as and embraced strong, brave, earnest, temperance

a class, well-meaning people, should receive, each year, a workers from every part of our nation. On Seventh

ten-cent donation from every member of our society. This

is all that is asked, and will yield a larger heavenly per day afternoon, twenty-two church organizations of

cent. than any other possible form of investment. our city offered their pulpits to the delegates for First

Perhaps the chief advance, this year, is in the fraterday services. Many were accepted, and it was per

nizing of representative Catholic temperance workers with haps the first time in the history of the city of Penn,

Protestants. I earnestly wish that a gifted Catholic wothat such equality was accorded to woman, outside man might be found, who would devote herself to enlistthe Society of Friends.

ing those of her own faith to make common cause with us The address of welcome delivered by the Presi- against our common enemy. dent, Frances E. Willard, at the opening of the first This has been the best year on record for our Departsession, was worthy of the occasion, and the dignity ment of Scientific Instruction, nine States having adopted with which she conducted the meetings as presiding

laws introducing temperance text-books into the system of officer was a vindication, if any were needed in the

gency, that of Pennsylvania being the best.

We all deplore the failure of our methods to reach boys of woman's right to occupy any post of honor or con

in that debatable period of their chronology known as fidence to which her talent or ability called her.

“those dreadful teens.” If we could reach the lads and Surely there is no truer, nobler, or more needed

lassies too, in schools of higher education, perhaps we might christian work in which the mothers and daughters apply the method with success to a wider circle of young of a nation can unite, than the overthrow of an evil

people later on. whose serpent-trail has defiled the sanctuary of mul- But it was feared that some phases of the contemplated titudes of homes, and sent to untimely graves the work might unduly infringe on the Department of Scienhope and promise of unnumbered households. Let tific Temperance Instruction. Hence, after consultation it us bid "good cheer" to these brave hearts, and by was decided that no Superintendents should be appointed our sympathy encourage their work, and where it can in the States, but meantime our National Superintendent be done without compromising our principles and

made a careful study of the situation, and is prepared to testimonies help it forward to completion.

report results to the Convention. A few extracts from the long and very interesting

This weakest link in the glittering chain of our methods, Annual Report will give a brief summary of some of

demands attention, and it is my duty to urge its considera

tion upon your most careful thought. Can we not make of the work undertaken by this Union, and the success

it a separate Department so carefully defined as not to enthat has been gained:

croach upon the domain of any other ? There is, as we all The magic number seven represents the heroic band of kuow by sad remembrance, a gainsaying period in every women who have been so vigorously “carrying the war young life, when, most of all, we need the guidance of a into Africa ” all through the year. They have more than strong and steady hand. Shall vot our Union stretch it fulfilled my expectations, having borne our white flag of forth and be an elder sister and a cherishing mother to peace into every outlying state and territory, save Indian these tempted lives? If we would have temperance voters and Idaho, besides doing thorough work in the South and we must educate them, and between the Band of Hope and on the Pacific coast. They have met their own expenses twenty-first birthday, the enemy will sow not only wild lacking about $100. What other society sends out its mis- oats but tares, unless the ground is already leased and put sionaries, and tells them to burn their bridges behind them, under cultivation. I have thought of “Young Patriots " for no supplies will ever come across? But while this is a as a good name for these societies, and the study of how heroic method of service, these things ought not so to be. we are governed and the relation of parties to principles as Our organizers cannot accomplish so much for us in this a good place for their lessons to begin. way. Oftentimes by remaining several days in a place The tobacco habit is continually receiving more attenthey could change an evanescent into a permanent society. tion as the abomination of its desolation becomes more apOur system of finance ought to enable them, under such parent. I believe each State should have a Superintendent circumstances, to stay. Can we not fixa moderate salary to show the people by voice and pen the ruin wrought by this year for this valiant group of workers, leaving them the use of tobacco. New Jersey, New Hampshire, and Nefree to do their utmost in urging the people to give liber- braska, have enacted laws to protect boys from the temptaally at collection time, and also to take shares of stock in tion of its sale. May these laws become universal, and,

ere many years are past, may thus afford equal protection thy with advanced views of Indian civilization is to the children of a larger growth.

almost startingly strong. Philip Deloria, hereditary Under the leadership of Miss Lucy Holmes, of New chief among the Yanktons, a few years ago a wild Hampshire, that State has passed a law for the suppression

youth in paint and blankets, now risen to a wise, reof impure literature, which is earnestly commended to

sponsible, devoted manhood, spoke substantially like your attention and should be brought before the Solons of

this: He admitted that the reservation must sooner every commonwealth at their next session.

or later be opened to white settlement, and that

its opening under the provisions of the Dawes bill THE INDIAN QUESTIONAMONG THE

was wise and just. He felt that this measure should SIOUX.

be carried through, but thought there were great dif[From a letter to the Boston Advertiser, by Elaine Goodale, ficulties in the way of getting the consent of the Indated at Crow Creek Agency, on the 13th of Ninth month, dians. The minds of the Indians are broken up into we make free extracts, below, her descriptions of the situ

a thousand different opinions. They are suspicious, ation of the Sioux of the Northwest being animated and

because of the recent attempts to deceive and rob interesting.]

them of their lands. He thought the true way would THER NHERE seems an inevitable lack of syin pathy be

be to have principal men appointed as representatween the minds of the two races, and, even

tives to meet their friends in the East, and there arwhere their interests are identical, the shrewd,ag- rive at an understanding of the whole matter. Upon gressive Anglo-Saxon looks with impatience on the their return these men could fully inform their peoessentially slow, conservative Indian nature. It is

ple of the nature of the measure, and use their influthis invisible mental variance and no mere material

ence to obtain a general consent. This opinion was separation, which makes a drama of the long conflict

strongly supported by all the Dakota clergy and by between irreconcilable elements. The most indiffer

Agent Gasmann. Mr. Deloria thought that the influent will acknowledge that, in this instance, the cau- ence of the old chiefs was against the best interests tion and suspicion of the Indians are only too well

of his people, and emphasized the importance of justified. It may as well be acknowledged, also, that bringing forward the young progressive men. He the intense reluctance to part with their land is made one or two practical points which deserve nosomething to be gradually and patiently overcome, tice. In the proposed compensation of 1000 bulls Superior numbers are no longer a match for superior and 25,000 cows, their value, he urged, should be rights.

definitely stated. Copies of the bill should be transThe position of the Sioux nation to-day has some lated into Dakotan by the missionaries or other regreat strategic advantages. A man has something sponsible men, and by them carefully explained to which he doesn't want to sell, but which his neigh- the people. This would be an important step toward bor is anxious to buy. He is able to make his own preparing their minds for the proposition which is terms. He will make them high in proportion to his to be brought before them. own indifference or reluctance, and his neighbor's Major J. G. Gasmann, Indian agent at Crow Creek, need. These Dakota people want communication is a man of large intelligence and kindly nature. He with the Black Hills. The future of this country de- is a good talker, has studied the question broadly and pends upon the opening of the reservation which thoroughly, and his views on the subject of Indian blocks the highways of traffic. The land along the self support are of immediate and very material force. lines of the two great railroads,-the Chicago & He urges that, when the size of reservations has been Northwestern and the Chicago, Milwaukee & St. lessened by this contemplated measure, and the InPaul,-possosses a value which its owners are unable dians are placed in competition with white settlers, to appreciate, and of which they will not command they will find it exceedingly difficult to maintain the full benefit. On the other hand, the old idea of themselves. Much of the land on the west side of the advantage to the Indians of contact with civili- the river is valuable neither for agriculture nor grazzation is not to be overlooked. The results of such ing. Eastern radicals on the Indian question, whose contact are likely, indeed, to prove complicated, and, ideas outrun their experience, are prone to overlook in many instances, disastrous, to the weaker people. the stringent need of protection for the Indian durNevertheless, this sort of heroic treatment is the on- ing the transition stage from barbarism to civilizaly method probably effective to work an heroic cure. tion. Treaty law provides for it, to a certain extent, The evil is deep and of long standing, and the reme- and justice and humanity demand that such tempordy must be a powerful one. Our real hope lies far ary safeguards be not rashly or prematurely set aside. back in the stubborn virtue and tenacity of Indian The gradual reduction of rations to the Sioux is a character, and it is a significant fact that the edu- step contemplated by the treaty of 1868 and favored cated Indian, as represented here by a strong body by the more conservative, as well as by the"advanced" of native clergy, earnestly advocated the change. friends of the Indians. The letter of this law is, in

Mr. Welsh held to-night a meeting of these men this instance, an absurdity, since it provides that the for discussion of the Dawes bill, which furnished in rations shall cease as soon as the Indians become selfitself a striking illustration of progress. They spoke supporting! While the government is diminishing deliberately, openly and to the point, and their the rations of certain tribes in proportion to their words carried peculiar weight. It is reasonable to supposed capacity for self support, there is very likesuppose that they are thoroughly familiar with the ly to be hardship and injustice in individual cases. workings of the old Indian mind, and their sympa- It may be said that greater pains should be taken to

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ascertain the actual amount of crops raised each year by stated Indians, as the government farmers' report

" THE GROUNDS OF CHRISTIAN UNITY." has been known to be made entirely a matter of con- [The following is the address of Canon F.W. Farrar, of jecture. There is no doubt, however, that the more

Westminister, London, before the Church Congress at progressive Indians at the progressive agencies favor

New Haven, Conn., a few days ago. It will be read, we the reduction of rations, and the experiment has been

think, with pleasure, as indicating the breadth and libertried with signal success.

ality of the speaker's views, and as testifying to the simple The Santee Sioux and

and practical nature of the Christian relsgion.] those at Sisseton agency receive no rations except for the old and infirm and for school children. They THE first ground of Christian unity—unity in heart hold their lands in severalty and are self supporting.

and soul amid divergences of opinion and rariIt is possible that an improvement may be made

ations of practice-is the many-sidedness of truth. in the system of distributing annuity goods in part

We must draw a deep distinction between unity payment for lands which have been sold by the In

and uniformity. Unity is essential and obligatory; dians. Why not, it is asked, make these payments

uniformity is impossible and even, I will venture to in money? The payment should not be annual, but

say, undesirable. Infinite truth has manifold aspects a small sum should go to each head of a family at the

for finite understandings. To use the splendid exbeginning of every month. It is argued that the In

pression of St. Paul, it is polupoikilos sophis a "manydian would then know exactly what he was receiv

colored,” a “richly variegated wisdom.” The church, ing, and there would be no room nor reason for dis

to use the ancient phrase, is “circumamicta varietatisatisfaction in regard to the actual worth of articles

bus" clothed in raiment of divers colors; and the of clothing. The coat may be a shoddy coat, the cal

truth she teaches does not shine in a single light onico may be rotten; but a dollar is a dollar and one

ly, but is like a gem of which no eye can see at once dollar as good as another. It is well known that the

the glories of each separate facet. We see the sepaIndian is usually ignorant of values, and will ex

rate colors of the divine rainbow; we cannot see the change an article of which he has no immediate need

sevenfold perfection of its undivided light. for another which he does happen to need at almost

Truth, in theology no less than in science, has any sacrifice. His entire lack of money stands him

been revealed to us, as we are told in the Epistle to in great disadvantage. Without money as a circula

the Hebrews, polumeros kai polutropos, “ fragmentariting medium there can be no considerable prosperity. | ly and multifariously,” “ in many parts and in many We want to change the condition on the reservation,

manners ; " nor is it possible for us, with our human to establish industries, to create a genuine demand

limitations, to see it steadily and see it whole. And for the products of industrial labor; and to do this

this a priori certainty is confirmed by experience. the Indian must have money in his pocket to pay for

As an historic fact, there never has been, in the what he wants. The boy who has learned his trade

Christian church, a complete absence of different at Hampton or Carlisle finds it practically useless for

schools of thought; there never has been an absolute lack of a market for his wares. It is of no use to

uniformity of belief and of practice. If it did not exmake tins, or harnesses, or shoes; the government

ist in the Church of Jerusalem, why should we exsupplies all these articles, the Indians have no money

pect it to exist in the churches of Europe ? If in the to pay for mending them, and when they are worn

first century there were the schools of Jerusaleın, of out the government renews the supply. Let the In

Antioch and of Alexandria, is it likely that there dians bring their hides to be tanned ; let the Indian

will be no wide differences of views and ritual amid shoemakers make and repair the shoes, and let the

the immense complexities of modern Christendom? Indians buy them with their own money.

If this fact had been duly apprehended, churches That was a pathetic request of White Ghost's

and their rulers might have been saved from their that some boundary might be defined within which disastrous attempts to secure what is impossible, the Indians would be safe. How natural a wish, and

which attempts in many an age have not only yet how hopeless! It is, perhaps, too much to ex

marred the beauty and maimed the force of Christian pect that the old chief, with his pure patriarchal no

life, but they have lead to the darkest and deadliest tions, should see now that the title of the individual

crimes which have ever disgraced the corporate acIndian to his individual farm is bis sole permanent

tion of the church of God: to Albigensian Crusades, protection. Allotments of land in severalty are to

to Smithfield martyrdoms, to the infamies of the Inbe made, under the terms of the Dawes bill, to all

quisition, to the desperate iniquities which have been who desire them. Would it not be well to anticipate

committed by religious tyranny in its endeavor to future legislation on this point by fixing a term of

storm that conscience of man which is the very citayears, within which allotments must be made to all

del of Heaven. And this error of invincible ignorIndians and surplus lands disposed of for the benefit

ance, so far from being successful even at the hideous of the tribe? The Indian cannot always remain at

cost of Moloch-sacrifice, has only produced, at the once a beggar and a monopolist.

most, a nominal, a Laodicean, a stupid and uninquir

ing uniformity-a uniformity which warred against PERSONALITIES are the bane of familiar discourse. all freedom and all progress--a silence of terror, a If conversation must turn upon idle report, and talk torpor of assurance, a drugged sleep of unnatural acdegenerate into idle tattle,rather than submit to this quiescence; the uniformity of stagnation, ignorance drying up process of the brain let us set a seal upon and death. If diversity without unity be discord, the lips.-Selected.

on the other hand, unity without diversity is death.

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