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to be always useful and interesting, and often so good A cricket club is proposed. Of all the methods of that we have been glad to transfer a part to our own open air exercise and sport, this is one of the best, if columns. By general breadth and catholicity of tem- not the best, and should receive all proper encourper it makes itself acceptable to a much wider circle agement. than that included in its own definition of the Society of Friends. It will be furnished in combination
ORTHODOX FRIENDS. . with the INTELLIGENCER AND JOURNAL for $3.25 a year.
restern Yearly Meeting assembled at Plainfield, Among the books recently added to the Friends'
on Library at Fifteenth and Race streets, (Philadelphia), ministry and oversight convening on the preceding are Hare's " Studies in Russia," the second volume of
day. The prominent visitors included Mary J.Weaver, McMaster's “History of the People of the United
New York Yearly Meeting; John T. Dorland, Can
ada; Jeremiah and Jane M. Grinnell, Ohio ; Evan C. States,” Pestalozzi's “ Leonard and Gertrude,” Agnes Giberne's “Among the Stars," and volumes XXIV.
Thornton, Anna M. Leonard, Printha C. Macy and and XXV. of the Smithsonian Contributions to Knowl
Elizabeth M. Meek, from Indiana; Benjamin B. Hiatt, edge. The last named are the gift of the Smithsonian
Mary E. Hiatt, Levi Gregory, William P. Sopher, Jo
seph and Sarah Ann Cosand, (on their way to Japan), Institute. Volume XXIV. contains memoirs of the results of meteorological observations made at Provi
Deborah J. Smith, Catharine M. Smith, from Iowa; dence, R. I., extending over a period of forty-five Mary C. Thorn, Kansas: Evi Sharpless, from Jamaica,
W. I. Islands; Elwood Scott, of Indiana; William P. years, from 1831 to 1876, by Alexis Caswell, Professor of Natural Philosophy and Astronomy in Brown Uni
Samms, Oregon; Benjamin P. Brown, N. Carolina; versity. A series of Rainfall Charts of the United
Timothy N. Smith, Iowa ; Joseph Potts, N. Carolina ; States give a clear representation of the distribution
Anna M. Votaw, Indiana; David J. Douglass, Maine; of the blessing of rain over our belt of the continent.
and Joseph Moore, from North Carolina. Hiram HadIt is a mine of wealth to those who are studious
ley, of Blooningdale, Ind., was reäppointed Clerk,
and Simon Hadley and Isaac A. Woodward, assistof our national meteorology, representing as it does
ants. On First-day, the 20th, the attendance was a long series of faithful observations. Vol. XXV. is largely made up of ethnological and paleontological large. By 10 o'clock nearly 10,000 persons bad assemresearches. Article I. treats of Prehistoric Fishing,
bled. Three meetings were simultaneously beld, one
in the house, and two on the lawn. Each had about both in Europe and Ainerica, by Charles Rau. Arti
2500. cle II. is Archeological Researches in Nicaragua, by J. T. Bransford, M. D. This includes researches con- The report of Bible schools in Western Yearly cerning Urn Burial, Luna Pottery Mounds, Stone Im- Meeting showed the following figures : Schools, whole ages, Rock Carvings, and the Manufacture of Pottery. number, 83~-taught from 3 to 12 months; number enArticle III. is a treatise by Edward D. Cope, pub- rolled, 7090; average attendance, 3739; number of lished in 1883. It includes five interesting and elab- Friends attending, 4829; not attending, 4203; too orate plates illustrating the contents of a bone cave young for admission, 697; too old and infirm, 812; rein the island of Anguilla, in the West Indies.
mote from meeting, 1158; number of Union Schools, 28. Amount of money raised, $1436.27; last year,
$1293.78; gain, $142.49. Papers distributed, 3547; last SWARTHMORE.
year, 3950; less than last year, 403.
A correspondent of Friends' Review, signing himWilmington, on Sixth-day of next week, the
self" X,” and dating his letter, “ Philadelphia, Ninth 16th instant, in a course under charge of the Friends'
month 19th," says: “Returning home, recently, from School. His subject will be "The Advantages Of
a somewhat extended Western tour, the writer refered by a College Course.”
mained over First-day in the city of Minneapolis, The first number of the Phoenix for the present
and attended the meeting held there in connection college year has just been sent out-being No. 3 of
with the regular organization of Iowa Yearly MeetVolume 5. There are two vacancies upon the edito
ing. The meeting-house was well filled, about one rial staff.
hundred being present. Bibles and hymn-books The Phoenix says: “The Biological course, which
were scattered profusely around, and a large clock will be elective to all members of the College classes,
hung in a conspicuous place, which afforded those will soon be opened, under the superintendence of
present an opportunity of knowing the duration of Prof. Dolly, the room above the study room being
the services, which commenced at half past ten fitted out as a laboratory. This course, it will readily k; soon after which time a person ejaculated be seen, will be especially valuable for those intend
that we were dependent upon the Lord for any blessing to study medicine, after leaving the College.” ing which might be obtained from being present.
Amongst the improvements during the summer After a moment's silence, a female commenced singvacation, the Scientific Building has been provided ing the hymn, " There is a fountain filled with blood," with apparatus for thorough ventilation. This will etc., which was joined in by most present, and occumake many of the lecture-rooms more pleasant and pied perhaps five or six minutes. At twenty minutes attractive, especially the Physics lecture-room, which of eleven a man arose in the ministers'gallery (which would become uncomfortably warm when it was nec- is arranged with a narrow table in front of it to lay essary to darken the room.
books on) and placing an open Bible before him, pro
PRESIDENT MAGILL is engaged to lecture at
From The American, Tenth month 3.
ceeded to read a number of verses from the twentyserenth chapter of Acts, upon which he founded a discourse occupying just forty minutes in delivery,
THE WOODS IN EARLY AUTUMN.
including the time spent in referring frequently to THE present summer has been an exceptional one, ican penny-royal, the two kinds of water-horehound, I HAVE been through the streets of Boston by day
, the place provided for them. He had hardly taken his seat when another hymn was sung, led by a man sitting in the ministers' gallery, who immediately afterwards delivered a discourse, chiefly made up of anecdotes. A man in the body of the meeting, who seemed under some exercise, quoted the passage,
What doest thou here, Elijah ?" and referred to the Scripture declaration that the Lord was not found in the whirlwind or the fire, but in the still small voice; and remaining standing in silence for one or two minutes; closed with the sentiment that he hoped he might ever listen to the still small voice. Following this, another man in the ministers' gallery, who said he was a stranger, spoke at some length in a desultory and disconnected inanner, when a third hymn was sung. The person who delivered the long discourse then rose again, and said that it was usual on the "first Sabbath" in the month to take up a collection, and that as funds were wanted for the mission in Jamaica, and Friends were about starting for the yearly meeting, he hoped those present would be liberal. Hats were then passed around, into which the attenders placed their contributions. The same person above referred to then offered prayer and a benediction whilst standing, and the meeting closed immediately. After meeting we were informed by a member that the person who occupied most of the time was the 'regular minister,' and that whilst he did not receive a stipulated salary, the members contributed to his support. It was subsequently learned from another source that he gives his whole time to the position of minister, and hence it was claimed that he was entitled to a maintenance."
and the effects of the vagaries of the climate are very clearly visible on the vegetation. A cold and late spring, accompanied by a diminished rainfall, caused the trees to delay their foliage until it was almost summer, and made spring flowers few and backward beyond the experience of fifteen years. In the woods the carpet of leaves remained unrotted until midsummer, and in many places the undergrowth of herbs scarce overgrew it. Then came a short hot summer-very short-followed by rain and comparatively cool weather.
Never was September foliage more brightly green than it is this year. Instead of the dull, baked-up, shriveled leaves which the August and September heats usually produce, the grass of the meadows and the leaves of the trees are alike green as in early spring, save where the first tints of autumn have commenced to glow upon tulips, dogwoods and beeches. The sumachs are reddening their leaflets for the autumnal display, the Virginia creeper bears leaves of every tinge from bright green to deep brown red, beeches and tulips are yellowing, and the chestnuts are commencing to change. These tints of early autumn, when green leaves are edged with red, when the lines of spring and those of autumn are mingled on the same tree, are more beautiful because more delicate than the dark reds and browns of the later fall, when the green has fled into the next year. One of the most conspicuous bushes now from its bright red berries, as in Spring from the broad white bracts of its flower-bunches, is the flowering dogwood common in the open woods. Under the trees there is little growth, the asters and golden-rods, the hawkweeds and tickclovers, the Lespedezas and Gerardias, are far less rank than usual, and there seems a something wanting-a lack of the flower-display usual at this season. Even in the glades and meadows around the woods there is the same comparative absence of flow
It is only in favored spots that the blaze of ironweed and aster mingles with the purple of the tall Joe-pye weed and the gold of other compositæ. Yet the usual flowers, together with the usual weeds, if we may dare to call by this name plants which bear inconspicuous flowers, and which are in disfavor among men, can be found if they are looked for. Among the brighter flowers, besides the white aster, three or four purple asters, and some of intermediate tints, and besides the various golden-rods which to the untrained eye seem all alike, there is the tall evening primrose or Enothera, the moth mullein, and in swampy places the white turtle-head (Chilone) and more rarely the great blue lobelia and its more showy sister, Lobelia cardinalis. In the dry woods grow the cut-leaved Gerardia with its large, bright, yellow, foxglove-like blossoms, and the slender-leaved purple Gerardia (Gerardia tenuifolia), with beside them may be found the purple flowerets of the sweetscented dittany.
At this season, whether flowers be few or many, the compositæ are most prominent, and next in or
Friends' Review refers to the suggestion of Lawrie Tatum that, under the recent minute of Iowa Yearly Meeting on the “ordinances," the certificates of ministers from other Yearly Meetings, when “clear," may be received and honored, they being only called in question when they violate the ruling of Iowa Yearly Meeting within its limits,-and adds the following editorial remarks:
This would seem to contradict the intent and meaning of the clause above mentioned as added to the Discipline, at least when the teaching and practice of a minister have been open and well-known. To refuse to accept and honor the credentials of a minister passing from one Yearly Meeting to another is a very serious thing. A strong presumption always exists against such an action; and no doubtful or slight occasion should ever be allowed to suffice for it. But the declarations brought out in the different Yearly Meetings during the last few months have been induced, and are justified, by an occasion which is neither slight nor doubtful. More than anything else in the history of our denomination since the schism of 1827-28, the unhappy agitation concerning ordinances threatens the unity of the Society of Friends in this country.
Whosoever is sensible of his own faults carps not at another's failings.- Persian.
der are the figwort and mint tribes, and the Legum- scattered upon the ground, each with two or three inosæ. To the Scrophulariacee, or figworts, belong seeds, the coverings of which are as yet white. the turtle-head before mentioned, the blue monkey
W. N. LOCKINGTON. flower, the mulleins, and the yellow toad-flax which has followed the English race across the ocean; to the
Boston correspondence Christian Union. Labiatæ, or mint tribe, appertain three kinds of mint
COMBINE THE FORCES. which may be gathered by thé brook, dittany, Amer
and by night, with the view of studying the blue curls (Trichostemma), catnip, wild marjoram and
forces of good and of evil that are working side by the mountain mints or Pycnanthemums, as well as
side. I will not give statistics or mention localities. the wild bergamots, the giant hyssop, the horse-balm,
Without under-valuing the work that is doing by the the mad-dog skull-cap (Scutellaria lateriflora,) and self
churches, by revivalists, by reforms, by charities, and heal, or Brunella. Very pretty is the blue and rather
all kinds of helps, it is evident that Christianity has large lipped flower of Trichostemma, and very sweetly
to push back its life to the fountain if it shall save scented are the mints and mountain-mints, but the
the cities. I rejoice in all that the "fresh-air fund” is horse-balm (Collinsonia), though its broad leaves and
doing, and tbat the “ country week" is doing. T yellow spikes are conspicuous in the woods, is far
take poor children for one day into country air and from attractive because of its very coarse scent.
sunshine scenes is a blessed work. To take them for Though some of the mountain mints are true to their
a week is seven times more blessed. But to what do name, others grow in the marshes and by brooks, they return? Look at this mass of children, even little while the marjoram, an introduction from Europe,
babies, steaming in close and heated rooms, like pigs affects dry banks and hills, where its masses of sweet
in a sty, the offspring of disease, lust, criminality, scented purple flowers are sometimes conspicuous.
rivers of foul blood running in their veins, and see Most of the other flowers which have been men
what chance the preacher, the teacher, the revivalist tioned are compositæ, as are the blue chicory, the
has of snatching them, one by one, as brands from ragweeds, fireweed, the wild lettuce, rattlesnake root,
the burning, to make them good men and women and everlastings, burr-marigolds, wild sun-flowers, and
good citizens! Allow the saloon and the brothel to many other plants which flower in early fall. The
be breeding-places, and then send round belated your ragweeds are the most ragged of weeds, with flowers
Gospel to try to have them born again! As wise, as that are so small and unattractive that they can
philosophic, as scientific as it would be to institute scarcely be recognized as flowers, yet each of these
hospitals to treat small-pox patients, at the same time tiny blossoms is made up of several florets. They are
allowing the disease to perpetuate itself continually ubiquitous in the fields and common in the woods,
by infection and contagion ! If Christianity shall save they cover with yellow pollen the person of the pass
the cities, it has as its problem the breaking up of er-by, they are to the farmer the most vile and use
mere human breeding-places in the slums, and the less of encroaching weeds-yet no one mows them
substitution of the family, in its purity and integrity, down, or in any way hinders them from seeding free
as the outpopulating source of society. This miscelly. The same is the case with the horse-weed (Eri
laneous herding, this social contagion and infection, geron canadense) a tall and excessively plain composite
must be prevented. To send down to them tracts with small whitish flowers. The chicory, not com
and Bibles and missionaries is no more adequate as mon in England whence it came, finds around Phila
the solution of the social problem than it would be to delphia a congenial soil, and usurps the place of the
paste Paul's teachings upon the tombstones, expectgrasses to a great extent, excused therefor in part by
ing thereby to insure the resurrection of the dead. the beauty of its blue and sometimes white flowers.
What Boston has to do, if it will save itself from corA rather common weed is the poisonous Lobelia in
ruption, is to make it impossible for people to live as fata or Indian tobacco. The structure of the small
they now do. It is a gigantic task. But in a decade, blue flowers of this species is exactly like that of the if the churches, the philanthropists, the legislators, large flowered Lobelias, that is to say, the petals are should unite their forces, as in a life-and-death strugunited, but the corolla is split to the base on one side, gle, the population might be distributed, and the sysand the five stamens are united into a tube. It is a
tem of tenement-houses abolished, so that the family coarse plant, with ovate-lanceolate toothed leaves, should indeed be the social unit. Physical environand bears its seeds in inflated egg-shaped pods larger
ment and the atmosphere of domestic affection would than the flowers. Though it is not poisonous without
then start society upwards by beredity and the laws contact, as is the poison ivy, its juice is so acrid that
of development. if the hand which has touched it be carried to the mouth, a burning sensation is produced.
Pride opposes itself to the observance of the diTurning over the bushes the weak vines of the vine law in two ways,-either by brute resistance, one-seeded wild cucumber may be seen. It has rough which is the way of the rabble and its leader, denystems and rougher leaves, slender tendrils, and pale | ing or defying law altogether, or by formal compliyellowish flowers, and bears, instead of gourds, ance, which is the way of the Pharisee. Any law bunches of one-seeded pods, about twelve in a bunch, which we magnify and keep through pride is always beset with slender prickles.
the law of the letter, but that which we love and It will not be long ere the chestnuts will be ripe. keep through humility is the law of the spirit. And Already the prickly burrs, forced off by the wind, lie the letter killeth, but the spirit giveth life.—Ruskin.
IN Africa the bees have a very hard time ; for there
SWEETNESS AND FEATHERS.
NEWS AND OTHER GLEANINGS.
-An ocean steamer lately took out to New Zealand a man has a sharp-eyed, active little friend to help
consignment of “bumble bees.” At present clover does him find their carefully hidden honey. This little
not“ seed” in that country, because there are no bumble friend is a bird,-a rascally, shiftless fellow, that not
bees to fertilize the flowers. The importer hopes that the only fails to build a home for its little ones, but even bumble bees will save him $5000 a year in clover seed. goes so far as to make other birds have all the trouble
-The popularity of Southern California as a sanitarium and worry of bringing up and feeding them. Like
is such that there are over 200 cottages worth from $600 to the cuckoo, it puts its eggs in the nests of other
$2,500 apiece, in course of construction in Los Angeles and birds.
suburbs. The "honey-guide," as it is called, is exceedingly
-A number of bas-reliefs representing allegorical figfond of honey; or, if it cannot have that, is very well
ures, supposed to be of the twelfth century, have been dissatisfied with young bees. It is only about the size
covered at Paris in the course of excavations made at the of a lark, and so is not specially fitted for encounter- Ecole de Médecine. The stones bear Latin inscriptions, ing a swarm of bees fighting in defense of their home.
and are believed to have belonged to the chapel of the CorOnce in a while, it tries to rob a nest, but it is usual- deliers. ly well punished for doing so.
The little bees seem
-Germany has two hospitals specially devoted to victims to know that their stings can not injure the feather- of the habit of morphine injections. covered body of the bird, and accordingly they di
-Wind nomenclature, says the Boston Transcript, is rect their attacks at the eyes of the robber; and if
thus given and defined by a scientific authority: the bird does not escape in time, it will be blinded, and so perish of starvation. However, the honey-guide is seldom so foolish as Just perceptible
21 to run any such risk. It prefers to have some one Gentle, pleasant wind
45 else steal the honey, and is content with a small por- Pleasant, brisk gale
121 tion for its share.
Very brisk gale
22} When it has found a nest, it darts away in search
321 Very high wind
42] of a man. As soon as it sees one, it hovers over him,
Storm or tempest
50 flies about his head, perches near him, or flutters
60 here and there in front of him, all the time chatter
Hurricane ing vigorously. The native knows in a moment what
Tornado, moving buildings, etc.,
100 the little bird means; and as he loves honey as a
--The State Board of Health of Massachusetts continues child does candy, only something that is very impor
to follow up the use of arsenic in manufactures under all its tant will prevent his accepting the honey-guide's in
disguises. They still find the poison in dangerous proporvitation. When he is ready to follow, he whistles;
tions in papers of various colors, particularly in the glazed and the bird seems to understand the signal, for it at
papers of fancy boxes, cornucopias, confectionery-boxes, once flies on, for a short distance, and waits till the
etc., concert tickets and playing-cards, and in children's man is near, and then flies on a few yards farther.
toys and articles of clothing. “German fly-paper" is In this way the bird leads the man until the nest is soaked in arsenite of sodium, and is dangerous in more ways reached. Then it suddenly changes its twitter for a than one. The “ Buffalo Carpet Moth Annihilator" contains peculiar note, and either hovers over the nest for a 6.726 per cent. of crystals of white arsenic and" Rough on moment, or complacently sits down and lets the man Rats" contains white arsenic crystals. — Popular Science find the nest the best he can.
Monthly. When it is found, the bees are smoked out with a -During the first six months of this year 24,000,000 torch or with a fire of leaves, according to the height pounds of green fruit were shipped from California, as of the nest from the ground. A small portion of the against 12,000,000 pounds during the whole year of 1884. honey is given to the bird as its share of the plun
--The Russian Geographical Society is said by the St. der. If the little fellow has had honey enough it
Petersburg journals to contemplate sending a scientific exdisappears; but if, as is usually the case, it receives pedition to the Amour for the purpose of studying the suronly enough to whet its appetite, it will lead to an
rounding region with regard to its geographical, historical other nest, and sometimes even to a third. — From and commercial features, as well as its mineral resources. St. Nicholas for October.
- On the President's return from the Adirondacks he It is only when one is thoroughly true that there
found awaiting him the following letter from Helen Hunt
Jackson, dated August 8: can be purity and freedom. Falsehood always avenges itself. — Auerbach.
“From my death-bed I send you message of heartfelt
thanks for what you have already done for the Indians. I The religion of some people is constrained. They ask you to read my 'Century of Dishonor.' I am dying are like people who use the cold bath, not for pleas- happier for the belief I have that it is your hand that is ure, but necessity and their health : they go in with destined to strike the first steady blow toward lifting this reluctance, and are glad when they get out. But re
burden of infamy from our country, and righting the ligion to a true believer is like water to a fish: it is
wrongs of the Indian race. With respect and gratitude." his element; he lives in it, and he could not live out -The Conseil Municipal of Paris has passed a resoluof it.-Newton.
tion that all the statues in the squares and public gardens
shall be furnished with inscriptions indicating the subject represented.
--A London dispatch on the 1st inst. says: The Earl of Shaftesbury died to-day at the age of eighty-four. Hesucceeded to his father's name and estate in 1851. Before that he had served in Parliament, his whole term in both houses being fifty-six years. He achieved distinction by his devotion to social, industrial, and intellectual reform movements, and was comparatively indifferent to politics as such. He agitated for laws reducing the hours of labor to ten; improving workshops, factories, and lodging-houses; relating to the care of children, and affecting the sanitary and moral condition of the humbler classes. He had been President of the Ragged School Union from its formation in 1844 until his death.
- Information has been received from Montreal, Canada, that“As an outcome of the slumming crusade of the aristocracy in London, a committee was named for the purpose of assisting members of the lowest classes of the metropolis to emigrate to Canada. In addition to this fifty families were given a hundred pounds each by Lady Burdett Coutts for the same purpose. From a report made by the Rev. Mr. Ketoe, who has just returned from visiting them in Manitoba, the venture has been entirely successful. The immigrants are all doing well, paying the interest on the money advanced to them, and are perfectly satisfied with their lot. He returns to England for the purpose of sending over some more from the slums of London."
-A recent dispatch from El Paso, Texas says: "Fruit dealers from the large seaport cities of the United States are traveling over Vera Cruz and other southern States of Mexico. The country is well supplied with native fruit, but this is the first year that an organized effort has been made to place it on foreign markets in competition with tropical fruits of other countries."
--Speaking before the social Science Congress at Manchester, Dr. Norman Kerr said that 120,000 persons died every year in Great Britain and Ireland from intemperance, 40,500 dying from their own excess and 79,500 from the indirect consequence of the excess of others. Dr. Kerr reviewed the fortieth report of the registrar-general with reference to deaths from alcholism, and suggested that the Social Science Association should ask confidential returns from 500 medical men in different parts of the country, with a view of arriving at an approximation of the truth. It was significant that gout was more fatal now than it was ten years ago, and that Italy, a most temperate nation, had only 240 to the million of violent deaths per year; while England, an intemperate nation, had no less than 757 to the million.
-Paper bedclothes are made at a factory in New Jersey. They are doubled sheets of manilla paper, strengthened with twine, and valuable by reason of the peculiar properties of paper as a non-conductor of heat. They have a warmth-preserving power far out of proportion to their thickness and weight.-- Popular Science Monthly.
The deaths in this city, last week, numbercd 334, of which 49 were by consumption, 11 by diphtheria, 7 by typhoid fever.
In the Court at Salt Lake City, on the 5th, Isaac Grew, Alfred Best, David E. Davis, Charles Seal and Andrew W. Coley, convicted of polygamy, all refused to pledge themselves to obey the law in future, and were sentenced by Judge Zane to six months' imprisonment and $300 fine.
THE first snow fall of the season in the northwest occurred at East Tawas, Alpina and Cheyboygan, Michigan, on the night of the 4th instant. At the latter place a fierce storm raged, with the temperature below freezing. There was a light frost at Montgomery, Alabama, on the same night. At Ottawa, in Canada, snow fell on the 6th instant. It is reported that excessive rains in Northern Georgia, Alabama and West Tennessee have done great damage to the corn crop, causing the grain to rot in the husks. Considerable damage has also been done to cotton.
THE U.S. Commissioner of Indian Affairs, Mr. Atkins, has left Washington for a tour of inspection of the various Indian reservations. Among other things he will make a personal investigation of affairs at the San Carlos Agency in New Mexico, with reference to the Geronimo outbreak.
RETURNS of the State census of Massachusetts, just taken, give Boston a population of 390,406--188,101 males and 204,305 females. The total shows a gain of 27,870 in five years.
It has been directed by the Postmaster-General that the special delivery" service, (which went into operation on the 1st inst.), shall not be performed on First-day.
GEORGE BANCROFT, the historian, celebrated his 85th birthday on the 3d inst. He received many testimonials fron friends and telegrams from all sections of the country.
THE Board of Health of San Francisco has ordered a strict enforcement of quarantine against all vessels from Pacific and Mexican ports, owing to the prevalence of yellow, scarlet and typhoid fevers along the Mexican coast.
TAE small-pox deaths at Montreal numbered 321 in the city proper, and 80 in the suburbs, last week. On First-day there were 66 deaths reported. Some cases of this disease are now reported in New York.
The elections for members of the French Chamber of Deputies, (corresponding to our House of Representatives), took place on the 4th instant, (First-day), the result being that the Radicals and the Royalists have increased their strength at the expense of the Moderate Republicans.
THE relations between Ireland and England are becoming very strained. The Irish “Nationals,” represented by C. S. Parnell, now make more explicitly than for a long time their demand for separation. Parnell made a very extreme speech at Wicklow, on the 5th.
THE dispute between Germany and Spain over the possession of Caroline Islands, in the South Pacific Ocean, has been referred to the Pope of Rome for arbitration.
The outbreak in Roumelia, (Turkey), and the demand of the people for annexation to Bulgaria has caused serious diplomatic disturbances amongst all the countries having territory near, but there has been no armed outbreak as yet, and it seems probable that war will not result. Turkey is in a very enfeebled state, and the end of that country's existence in Europe appears near at hand. The reigning Sultan is said to be demented.
CHOLERA is slowly disappearing in Spain, but continues very bad in Sicily. The deaths by the disease at Palermo, on First-day, numbered 70.
CURRENT EVENTS. A PRESBYTERIAN minister, of this city, Rev. Mangasar M. Mangasarian, resigned his charge—the Spring Garden Presbyterian church-on the 5th instant, having preached a sermon the previous day, in which he announced his inability to further subscribe to Calvinistic views. Under the creed of the Presbyterian church, he said, he could see no reason to preach the Gospel, for that creed told him that under the eternal law of predestination nothing can change the number of souls ransomed.