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MARRIAGES. LEEDOM-GASKILL.-Ninth month 30th, 1885, at the residence of the bride's parents, Camden, N. J., Jesse Jones Leedom, son of the late Jesse and Elizabeth Leedom, of Delaware county, Pa., and Elizabeth, daughter of Josiah and Margaretta H. Gaskill.

STEWART-HOLT.-On Tenth month 1st, 1885, at the residence of the bride's parents, in the city of Baltimore, Md., by Friends' ceremony, George Childs Stewart to Bertha S. Holt.

own heads under water. A school of four hundred with its industries cannot be run on less than three or four thousand dollars a year.

No one has ever been able to say the Schofield School owed a debt it did not pay, and this fact has given such a reputation to the management that it takes real firmness to resist those who know we need, and who want to sell us material for a fence, bathhouses, tool-shop, etc.

During vacation fifty dollars has been sent in, and the question is must this be used for the coniing term, or go to the balance due on last year?

It is like taking something out of my vital life to see the good of the School narrowed and curtailed, and there are moments when the Light seems to shine on the words.

“Be but faithful, that is all;
Go right ou and close behind thee,
There shall follow still and find thee,
Help, sure help.”

MARTHA SCHOFIELD. Aįken, S. C., Tenth month 1, 1885.

DEATHS. DICKINSON.-Ninth month 25th, at Haverford, Delaware county, Pa., Margaret P. wife of George Dickinson, aged 49.

KINDLEY.-At her home, New Holland, Indiana, Ninth month 26th, 1885, Malinda, wife of Asa Kindley, in the 420 year of her age. She was not a member of the Society of Friends, although it had been for a long time her intention to make an application for herself and daughter to become members. Owing to feeble health and great suffering which she bore with fortitude, she was prevented from doing so. She died in childlike innocence, and with the humble faith of a Christian.

LEGER.-Ninth month 30th, in West Philadelphia, of diphtheric croup, Jessie, daughter of Nathan J. and Ella Leger, in her 7th year.

LINVILL.–At her residence, in Salisbury township, Lancaster county, Pa., on Seventh-day, Tenth month 3d, Margaret, widow of the late John Linvill, aged 90 years, and 6 days. Interment at Sadsbury Friends' burying ground.

SWAYNE.-Tenth month 2d, in West Philadelphia, Effie L., wife of W. S. Swayne.

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WOLFINGER.--Ninth month 30th, at Rising Sun, Phil THE Temperance Centennial Conference, which

adelphia county, Katie M., wife of George W. Wolfinger, aged 20.

For Friends' Intelligencer and Journal.



suggests that we make some statements in regard to the Schofield Normal and Industrial School.

When the term closed, the treasury lacked eight hundred and ninety dollars. This amount was simply dropped out of the salaries due the Principal and Business Manager, and although able to bear it one year, it has compelled us to refuse employing teachers for our two most advanced rooms, and unless some means can be assured, will compel the still more painful duty, of refusing pupils. Applications come in constantly; yesterday a letter from a pupil of last term, asking us to take five other girls as boarders. It hurts to refuse those who have worked and saved to come here and get more than is possible in a county school only open two or three months in the year. And they need the habits of a refined life and to be taught, economy, thrift, and how to work, as well as study. One well-trained young woman lifts up a whole neighborhood.

We have often opened on faith, but we worked faithfully and sufficient funds came in to cover expenses, until last term, and now it does not seem right to employ others unless we can pay them, or put our

For Friends' Intelligencer and Journal. REFLECTIONS UPON THE TEMPERANCE


met in Philadelphia on the 23d and 24th of last month, was attended with unabated interest throughout its sessions. There were five hundred and one delegates from different parts of the Union, and having a representation, also, from Nova Scotia and from Canada. There were papers presented by ministers of the various denominations, and from delegates from the different temperance organizations, in order that an accurate history of the century's work in the temperance reform might be presented.

The deliberations of the Conference were presided over by Gen. Clinton B. Fisk, except on the occasions in which he called on one of the Vice-Presidents to take the chair. In this city where Lucretia Mott has so nobly vindicated the claims of woman to equality with man, it was eminently fitting that Frances E. Willard, President of the National Women's Temperance Union, who is generally regarded as the foremost woman in America in this cause should be invited to preside at one of the sessions. Like Lucretia Motton similar occasions, she conducted the proceedings with dignity, and proved herself equal to unlooked-for emergencies. She reminds us of Lucretia Mott in her having given her cultivated mind and versatile talents to the cause of reform, upon which she bestows her labors with unwearied zeal ; in her possessing the power, by stirring words, of overcoming prejudices, and directing the current of her hearers' convictions into new channels; and in her having a Friend's love of accomplishing what she undertakes by a resort to

peace principles and appeals to reason, that each may parents mourning for their children have hardly yet be persuaded in his own mind that the course he is been healed since the time when the blue and the induced to adopt is the only one worthy of attention, gray made havoc in thousands of the homes of our its end and aim being, by means of total abstinence, native land. Now we witness the dawning of a to bring about the abolition of the slavery of the drink brighter day, for here comes temperance associated traffic.

with charity, who with uplifting and cementing At the Conference the Catholic Total Abstinence power and healing on their wings, sweep the chords Society which is coming boldly to the front, and has of human sympathy into harmony as they filit over an arduous field of labor, was represented by J. H. the land. Our hearts are filled with gratitude that Campbell of Philadelphia, and Father Cleary of Wis- the voice of the Lord hath rêvealed to the wisdom consin, who had traveled eight hundered miles to be of man a way of rescue from the perils which are now present.

threatening our hearthstones. Not by civil strife, The Indians had also a representative in Dr. but that all without distinction of sect, or sex, or Oronleyateklia of London, Canada, who made the in- party line, or nationality, or color, shall work toteresting statement that as far back as 1660, the women gether in that love which impels the good and the of the Six Nations requested the prohibition of the use true to labor for our common welfare. May there be of spirits. He also stated that the Indians in the Do- no variableness, neither shadow of turning," until minion had lately been enfranchised and could give prohibition reigns supreme, and the saloon oligarchy the whites more than moral support in advancing the

is forever vanquished.

F. E. B. temperance inovement, since in some of the constituencies the Indian vote wouid be the controlling

From the Philadelphia Ledger. power.

DR. BENJAMIN RUSH AND ANTHONY The freedmen were to have been represented on

BENEZET. the platform by Prof. J. C. Price, one of themselves, TN

a little memorial of the Huguenot-Quaker and gifted orator. He was not at the Conference, schoolmaster, of Philadelphia, Anthony Benezet, but his paper will appear in the" Centennial Memo- prepared by his friend, Dr. Benjamin Rush, the latrial Volume.” In the absence of Prof. Price, the ter referring to the burial of Benezet, says: 'Coloncause of the freedmen was ably sustained by C. H. el Jn, who had served in the American army Mead, a white minister, who has labored with marked during the late war, in returning from the funeral success among them as a missionary, under the aus- pronounced an eulogium upon him. It consisted only pices of the National Temperance Union.

of the following words: 'I would rather,' said he In the Centennial Volume will appear also a pa- 'be Anthony Benezet in that cosin than George per by Wm. Edgerton on temperance work in the So- Washington, with all his fame.'' ciety of Friends. We were glad to see on the plat- The Benezets were an eminent French family, form our friend Aaron M. Powell, whose paper and some of whom, embracing the Protestant faith, were remarks were on “Legislation in Congress.”

made to know the terrors and encounter the losses We will venture to say that the full significance which followed the revocation of the Edict of Nantes, of this centennial did not reveal itself beforehand to

the bi-centenary of which notable event is announced its projectors. It was designed to give a history of to be celebrated upon one of the days of the coming what the century has done for the temperance re- month. Anthony (born in 1713) united with the Soform, from the day that Dr. Rush set its wheels in ciety of Friends at the early age of fourteen, and, commotion by the publication of a work on ardent spir- | ing to Philadelphia, taught school for awhile at Gerits, to the present time. The conference acquitted mantown, but soon relinquished that position to take itself admirably of its mission. If this had been all the headship of the City school, founded by charter of that was realized, the results would have been of ex- William Penn-theinstitution which, under the name ceeding interest. But to the thoughtful mind the of the “ William Penn Charter School,” is now located indirect lessons of the hour were no less important on Twelfth street, below Market. Anthony Benezet than the study which claimed immediate considera

was a successful teacher in the best sense of the term, tion. We saw not only what the Church has done doing good service for the community during the for temperance, but we saw also what the century long period of forty years. Meanwhile he published has done for the unity of the Church, when Catholic a number of tracts on philanthropic subjects, particuand Protestant and all shades of Protestants, the se- larly upon the enslavement of the Africans, the civiverely Orthodox, the Unitarians, the Universalists, lization and Christian instruction of the Indian race, the Friends of both branches, met in friendly coun- the wrongfulness of the war systems of the world, sel to aid in the overthrow of a mighty evil. We and (what is of not a little present historic interest) were expected to learn what woman has done in the

upon the use of ardent spirits. Dr. Rush, referring cause of total abstinence, and we were taught, also, [1788] to these publications of Benezet says that they what the century has done in the cause of equal were circulated with great industry and at his rights, when the utterances of our sisters who ad- own expense throughout every part of the United dressed the assembly were listened to with as much States." respect and are held in as high regard as those of The tract of Benezet, dissuading against the use the men who took part in the proceedings. We were of spirituous liquors as a beverage, was issued eleven to be informed of what the North and the South years earlier than the treatise upon the same subject have done to crush the liquor traffic. The hearts of by Dr. Rush. It has the title “ The Mighty Destroy

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er Displayed, in some account of the Dreadful Havock our naturally vivacious Huguenot of the Quaker City made by the Mistaken Use as well as Abuse of Dis- when it was imparted to him by the recipient of the tilled Spirituous Liquors. By A Lover of Mankind. letter. But let us mark thesequel of his faithful work Philadelphia, 1774." The physiological aspect of the in the life-history of Thomas Clarkson, that valuable subject is sustained by the views (which the author co-worker with Wilberforce, Granville Sharp and gives) of a number of eminent physicians; the testi- Fowell Buxton for the suppression of the slave traffic mony of travelers as to the observed effects of intem

and slavery. Clarkson, being a senior bachelor of arts perance, or of the abstinence, upon the natives of va- at Cambridge University, had a Latin dissertation to rious countries is given, safe substitutes for intoxi- prepare upon any subject he might elect. “When cants are mentioned in detail ; some moral and going by accident into a friend's house," he says, “I social considerations are added.

took up a newspaper then lying on the table; one of It should be stated that the Essay of Benezet goes the articles which attracted my notice was an adverfurther-perhaps some would say, is “ more advanced', tisement of Anthony Benezet's historical account of -than that of Rush, inasmuch as the former advises Guinea. I soon left my friend and his paper, and to against the ordinary use of any drink which is liable lose no time bastened to London to buy it." to steal away a man's senses, and render him foolish, In this precious book I found about all I wanted. irascible, uncontrollable and dangerous. The pamph- Roberts Vaux gives the supplementary information let is of forty-eight duodecimo pages, and is quite that "the information furnished by Benezet's book rare, there being none in the Philadelphia and Mer- [to Clarkson) encouraged him to complete his essay, cantile Libraries. The Pennsylvania Historical So- which was rewarded with the first prize, and from ciety possesses a single copy.

that moment Clarkson's mind became interested with Before taking leave of the subject of the foregoing the great subject of the abolition.” This was in 1785. , tract it may be well to add a portion of the reference And so, as we now calmly recur to that singularly which is made to it by Roberts Vaux, who, in a blind and indefensible deed of just two centuries ago, memoir of Benezet (1817), says: “Against the employ- when Louis XIV., his mistress, de Maintenon, and ment, therefore, of that article (spirituous liquors), Pére la Chaise, the confessor, brought about the banexcepting in the materia medica, he maintained a ishment of bundreds of thousands of Huguenotscontinual and faithful testimony. His exertions to thrifty, God-fearing citizens of France--we may see diminish the abuse of it were not confined to oral how, as in the case of Benezet, that which was the argument and adınonition, but he conceived it to be incalculable loss of their own land, has eventuated in of sufficient importance to communicate his senti- vast good to the world at large. ments respecting it to the world in a pamphlet Much might he said of the enlightened views of which he published in 1778.” (The date should be, Dr. Rush upon, and in opposition to war, and the as already stated, 1774.)

probable influence of Benezet and others of his many It will now be of interest to refer to a letter (in peace-loving friends in causing him to take the proMS., in possession of Philadelphia Library, Ridgway nounced stand upon this subject that he did. The Branch), written by Granville Sharp, London, 10th interested inquirer, however, is referred to Dr. Rush's October, 1783, to Dr. Benjamin Rush, in which having several essays (which may be found at the Philadelthanked the latter for his "two excellent little tracts," phia Library) entitled “Thoughts upon the AmuseG. S. continues: “And I so much approved the other ments and Punishments which are proper for Schools,” little tract against the use of spirituous liquors that I “Observations upon the Study of the Latin and Greek delivered one of the copies to Mr. Dilly, the book- Languages,” (pointing out the martial and sensuous seller, to be republished or at least to be inserted in tendencies of many of the classics),

"A Plan for a some of the magazines.” It was issued in England as Peace Office for the United States," and "An Address a tract. A second letter (probably not heretofore to the Ministers of the Gospel of every Denomination published) of value to all interested in the historic in the United States upon subjects interesting to morquestion of the extinction of slavery, is the following als,” (1788). The concluding paragr:1ph of the latter from Granville Sharp to Dr. Rush, dated London, Old paper may be read with profit in these days of strikes, Jewry, 21st February, 1774:

wars and rumors of wars. “The person also who reprinted Mr. Benezet's His- "It is with inexpressible pleasure that I have torical Account of Guinea, with the extracts from my lately seen an account of a recommendation from the Book and several others against Slavery, has been a Presbyterian Synod of New York and Philadelphia considerable loser by it for want of sale. I believe I to all tbe churches under their care to settle their was his principal customer, for I sent copies to all the disputes after the manner of the primitive Christians Judg?s, to several of the nobility, and many others. and Friends by arbitration. Blessed event in the And with respect to my own Tracts, I have generally history of mankind! May their practice spread among given away the greatest part of the several impressions all sects of Christians, and may it prove a prelude of even before they were advertised for sale, or published that happy time foretold in the Scripture, when war in the bookseller's sense of that word; so that you

and murder shall be no more.need not wonder at the backwardness of the book

JOSIAH W. LEEDS. sellers in undertaking publications of books which are not on entertaining subjects, suited to the depravity It is in the determination to obey the Truth and of the generality of readers."

to follow wherever she may lead that the genuine Surely, this response might well have depressed love of truth consists -- Whately.

THE following discussion is reported as part of the

is necessary that the instruction be largely oral. The ATTENDANCE OF MEETINGS.

object of class exercises in our schools, of whatever grade, is threefold. We should instruct, drill and

test. If we wish to instruct, or drill, or combine the Yearly Meeting. The subject is the same that is now the two, then the exercise is properly a lesson, but if agitating our own body, and the expression it gives testing is the principal object of the exercise then it to the concern that exercised that meeting fitly ap- is a recitation. By the lecture alone we can only inplies to ourselves :

struct; by the text-book alone we can drill and test. R. Jesper said that P. H. Peckover, who was un- The main object of the recitation should be to test avoidably absent, had remarked to her that a super- the pupil's knowledge of the subject matter of the ficial glance at the answers to the Queries would lead text, not merely his verbal memory of it, and inany one to suppose that while as a body we valued struction is only incidental. our First-day morning meetings, yet so far as the The trouble with the student is not in his use of evening meetings were concerned a good many might the text-book, so much as in his abuse of it. Ther just as well be without them; and that it would give are two classes among teachers differing widely as to a truer idea of the real state of affairs if the reason the use of text-books. One class, and the number is was given why evening meetings were so small, be- not small, would banish text-books, and they publiccause if it was understood that Friends were absent ly advocate that all the teaching in the schools should through home claims or the attendance of mission be oral and by means of objects. The other class meetings there would be no need for discouragement (would that the number was less) do little but see at their absence,

that their students meinorize the words of the book. M. Richardson said the subject we were called to These are the two extremes as represented in actual consider was, What is our faith, and are we living up teaching to-day, and as it appears to us they are both to it? She would like to ask young friends how far wrong in theory and practice. In this, as in other they are living up to their calling and filling up their things, there is a golden mean which should be right places. Are you earnest and loyal members of our sought. A few years ago the school board of one of Society, seeking to know and to do your part in it? Do our Western cities resolved to use no text-books in not come to meetings just as listeners. It matters their schools, and so instructed their teachers. What very much to the church that every one of us should was the result? The teachers set about committing be doing her part earnestly for the glory of God and to memory the geographies, the histories, the physito promote the kingdom of our Lord Jesus Christ, ologies and grammars, and dealt them out in suitable We want all hearts to be united for the welfare of our doses to their schools. The pupils often failed to get church, and as all take their right part our meetings the right ideas; they were confused and they had will be profitable and to the honor of God.

no authority to refer to. Parents were dissatisfied M. E. Beck: The summary is only an external evi- with the slow progress of their children, the trustees dence of the state of the Society, dealing as it does rescinded their order, and for a time no city in the simply with the attendance of our meetings : yet as country had such a servile use of text-books. worship lies at the very basis of religion, it affords The use of a single book on a subject is apt in some respects a clear indication of the state of re- to give pupils a narrow view, hence reference books ligious life. As most professing people go to some should be freely lised and instruction should be given place of worship on First-day morning as a matter of how to use such books. General references should habit, the fact that we attend our meetings then does be avoided, but they should be directed to a certain not go for much in showing how far we enjoy them chapter or page and told what they are to look for, as being in the presence of God. Of this, therefore, and then they should be tested to see if the points a surer test may be given in the attendance of other are clear and the connections are understood. Ver meetings; for instance, in the way we press through often, too, the teacher can anticipate difficulties the many little difficulties and bindrances that stand when a lesson is assigned and throw out suggestions in the way of some of us getting to week day meet- which will be of much benefit to the pupils in the ings. If our hearts panted after the Lord, if we felt preparation of the lesson. In nearly every class exthat meeting together in His presence was one of our ercise will there be occasion to instruct, to drill and highest privileges, we should not lightly let anything to test, and which of these is to predominate will destand in the way. We all have an important part in pend upon the nature of the subject under considerour meetings. The hand cannot say to the foot, I ation and the advancement of the pupils. What use have no need of thee, and those who speak cannot is the teacher to make of the text-book? Evidently say, to the silent, We have no need of you. All are he is to be master of it, rather than slave to it. He not called to speak in public, but all are called to must know its teachings thoroughly, and be ready sympathy and prayer.

with illustrations and additions if deemed necessary.

He should be so familiar with the text that he can From The Student.

conduct the exercise without the aid of the book, but THE USE OF TEXT-BOOKS.

it is too much to say that he shall never have the T is becoming quite common in our colleges to dis- book during the recitation. It is legitimate to get

card the text-book and instruct by means of lec- the sequence of topics from the book, but it is illetures. This is also practiced to some extent in the gitimate to read the question from it or be depende lower schools. During the first years of school-life it ent in any way upon it.



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The Book of Nature given unsealed,

Readest thou aright its truths within? Behold the lilies of the field,

They toil not neither do they spin;

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Two new books, interesting to those who were

connected with the old anti-slavery movement, and valuable to all for their historical character, have recently been issued. One of these is “William Lloyd Garrison; The Story of His Life Told by His Children," a handsome work from the press of The Century Company, New York. The authors are Wendell Phillips Garrison, literary editor of The Nation, and his brother, Francis Jackson Garrison, and they have made what is, in form, strictly a personal narrative, but the relation which their father bore to the great questions of his time gives it, of course, far more than a personal interest. The two volumes now issued describe his career from his birth in 1805 down to 1840, the second being alone devoted to the events of the five years succeeding 1835. The work is an octavo, one of the finest in typographic execution ever issued from the American press, (we do not speak of extra and costly printing), and is illustrated with many portraits, including those of Benjamin Lundy, Arthur Tappan, Samuel E. Sewall, Isaac Knapp, Prudence Crandall, Oliver Johnson, Arnold Buffum, George Thompson, Samuel J. May, Helen E. Garrison, Maria W. Chapman, Francis Jackson, the Grimké sisters, Charles Follen, Abby Kelly Foster, and Wendell Phillips. The price of the volumes now out is $5.00 for the two, which is remarkably low.

The other work alluded to above is “The Life and Letters of John Brown, Liberator of Kansas and Martyr of Virginia," edited by Frank B. Sanborn, of Concord, Mass. This is quite different from the biography of Garrison, for John Brown was a very different type of man; yet allowing for this and recognizing that the fighter of Ossawatomie acted according to his light, the narrative of his career is deeply interesting. The editor has made a very thorough work of it, and it hardly seems as though anything bad been left of the subject for future gleaners to work over. The book is in one volume, of 645 pages, and costs $3.00. It is issued by Roberts Brothers, Boston,

Into his commonwealth alike

Are ills and blessings thrown ; Bear you your neighbors loads; and

Lo! their ease shall be your own.

“ Yield only up His price, your heart

Into God's loving hold, -
He turns with heavenly alchemy

Your lead of life to gold.

"Some needful pangs endure in peace,

Nor yet for freedom pant,He cuts the bane you cleave to off,

Then gives the boon you want."




Two little feet so small that both may nestle

Two tender feet upon the untried border

Of life's mysterious land.
Dimpled and soft and pink as peach-tree blossoms

In April's fragrant days;
How can they walk amid the briery tangles

Edging the world's rough ways?
Will they go stumbling blindly in the darkness

Of sorrow's tearful shades, Or find the upward slopes of peace and beauty,

Whose sunlight never fades?

We direct the attention of our readers generally to the interest and value of The Student, a monthly publication “devoted to the Educational Interests of the Society of Friends in School and Home." It is conducted by members of the Orthodox body, Davis H. Forsythe being business editor, and Martha H. Garrett corresponding editor, with several assistants, including Canby Balderston and Thomas K. Brown, of Westtown, Josiah W. Leeds, of Germantown, and others. The contents of The Student we have found

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