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UNITED WITH

The Friends' journal.

PHILADELPHIA, NINTH MONTH 26, 1885.

PUBLISHED WEEKI Y BY THE

FRIENDS INTELLIGENCER ASSOCIATION

(LIMITED.)

TERMS.—PAYABLE IN ADVANCE : One copy, one year, ... $2.50 8 copies, one year, $2.25 each. Single numbers, . 5 CentS 30 copies, one year, $2.00 each. SUBSCRIPTIONS MAY BEGIN AT ANY TIME.

ADVERTISING RATES. For transient advertisements, 10 cents per line, one time, 7% cents per line each insertion, two times. For longer insertion reduced rates, which will be furnished on application.

REMITTANCES by mail should be in CHECKs, DRAFTS, or POST-OFFICE MONEY ORDERs; the last preferred. Money sent us by mail will be at the risk of the person so sending.

***Communications should be addressed and payments made to JOHN COMLY, AGENT, at the Publication Office, No. 1020 Arch Street.

Entered at the Post-Office at Philadelphia, Penna., as secondclass-matter.

CONTENTS OF THIS ISSUE,

POETRY : THE UNANSWERED PRAYER, o - e - . 513 THE SOCIETY OF FRIENDS : ITS SPIRIT AND ForM, & o . 513 THE PATHWAY OF PROGRESS, o e - - e - . 514 A CHAPTER FROM A HOSPITAL DIARY, o & * e . 516 OATHS AND THE TEMPERANCE PLEDGE, - - e - . 517 EDUCATION: PUBLIC AND PRIVATE SCHOOLS, . * o . 518 EDITORIALS:

The Work of Rebuilding, - e - - o * . 520

The Southern Colored People, e & * e - . 521 DEATHS, . - o o - o o - * * - . 522 SWARTHMORE COLLEGE, . o o & o o g - . 522 NEWS OF FRIENDS :

Minute of the Representative Committee, * - . 523

Haddonfield Quarterly Meeting, . - o e - . 523

Monthly Meeting of Friends of Philadelphia, . - . 524

Visiting in Western Quarter, . g & * & * . 525

Notes, . © * o - - & - e e - , 525 HELEN. HUNT JACKSON, . - o {- o e e - . 525 POETRY :

We Mean to do It, . - e e o e e - . 527

My Legacy, o & o e e t o e - . 527 THE FIRST-DAY SCHOOL:

The New Lesson-Leaves, & e - - & * . 527

Thorough Work, - e e - - • • - . 527 ORTHODOX FRIENDS, so e e to o e o -> . 528 WOMEN PHYSICIANS IN INDIA, e o - e e - - Q) THE ORIOLE'S SONG, e - o & - e - - , ori NEWS AND OTHER GLEANINGS, . o - * o - . vi. CURRENT EVENTS, . o - s e e e e - . vii. NOTICES, . © o - o e . . . e . . vii

PUBLISHERS' NOTICES.

*S* On and after 10th mo. 1st, the Office of THE INTELLIGENCER AND Journal, heretofore at 1020 Arch St., will be at 921 Arch Street, (2nd floor.) All correspondence, whether for the editors or on business, is requested to be addressed there; and in general persons having business with the paper will procure its transaction there.

For the convenience of those who may prefer to pay their Subscriptions at the book-store of Friends' Book Association, arrangements have been made by which it will act as our agent for that purpose. The store is now at 1020 Arch, but will be removed, at a future date, to 15th and Race Streets.

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Express on week-days, 3.20, 4.35, 5.00, 5.45, 5.50, 7.30, 8.20, 8.30, 11 and 11.15 a.m. (Limited Express 1.14 and 4.50 *} 12.44, 3, 4, 5, 6, 6.30, 7.10, 7.40 and 9.15p.m. and 12.01 night. On Sundays, $20,435, 5, 5.45, 8.30 a.m. o. 4 (Limited Express, so), 5.30, 7 in and 7.40 p.m. and i20i might. For Brooklyn, N. Y., all through trains connect at Jersey City with boats of “Brooklyn Annex," affording direct transfer to Fulton Street, avoiding double ferriage and journey across New York City. Express for Boston, without change, 6.30 p.m. daily. For Sea Girt, Spring Lake, Ocean Beach, Ocean Grove, Asbury Park and Long Branch, 8.00 and 11.30 a.m., 2.44, 3.30 and 4 p.m. on week-days. Saturdays only, 5 p.m. Sundays, 8 a.m. Idoes not stop at Ocean Grove and Asbury Park). For Freehold, 5 p.m., week-days. Daily except Sunday: Express for Easton, Delaware Water Gap, Scranton and Binghamton, 8.00 a.m., 12.01 moon and 6.00 p.m. For Scranton and Water Gap, 4.00 p.m. FROM KENSINGTON STATION, FRONT AND NORRIS STS. For New York, 6.50, 7.40, 8.30, 10.10 and 11.15 a.m., 12.05, 2.10, 3.15, o: 5.35, 6.10 and 11 p.m. on week-days. On Sundays, 8.25 a.m. Daily except Sunday: Express for Easton, Delaware Water Gap, Scranton and Binghamton, 7.40 a.m., 12.05 noon and 5.35 p.m. For Scranton and Water Gap, 3.15 p.m. FROM MARKET STREET WHARF. Express for New York, via Camden and Trenton, 9.00 a.m. on week-days. Express for Long Braneh and intermediate stations, 8.30 a.m. and 4 p.m. Sundays, 7.30 a.m. Trains for Trenton, connecting for New York, 6.20, 7.30, 10.30 a.m., 12 noon, 2.30, 3.30, 4.30, 5.30 and 7.00 p.m. On Sundays, 6.45 p.m.

PHILADELPHIA, WILMINGTON AND BALTIMORE RAILROAD.

TRAINS LEAVE NEW BROAD ST. STATION. For Baltimore and Washi n, 12.20, 3.45, 7.20 9.10, 10.16 a.m., 12.05 noon, 12.30 (Limited Express), 4.02 and 6,03 p.m. For Baltimore only, 5.05 and 11 p.m. On Sunday, 12.20, 3.45, 7.20, and 9.10 a.m., and 6.03 p.m. For Baltimore only, 11 p.m. For Richmond, 12.20, 7.20 and 12.05 noon (Limited Express, 12.30 p.m.) On Sunday, 12.20 and 7.20 a.m. Sleeping-car tickets can be had at Broad and Chestnut Streets, 838 Chestnut Street and Broad Street Station. The Union Transfer Company will call for the check baggage from hotels and residences. Time-cards and, information can be obtained at the station and at the following No. 888 Chestnut Street. S. E. Corner Broad and Chestnut Streets. No. 4 Chelten Avenue, Germantown. No. 324 Federal so *;

235, 5

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TICRET OFFICEs:

CHARLES E. PUGH,

General Manager. General passenger Agent

STRAWBRIDGE & CLOTHIER

Exhibit at all times a most extensive and comprehensive assortment of every description of

DRY GOODS.

The stock includes Silks, Dress Goods, Trimmings, Hosiery and Underwear, Gloves, House-Furnishing Goods, Ready-Made Dresses and Wraps, and everything that may be needed either for dress or for house-furnishing purposes. It is believed that unusual inducements are offered, as the stock is among the largest in the American market, and the prices are guaranteed to be uniformly as low as elsewhere on similar qualities of goods.

N. W. COR. 8TH & MARKET STS.,

PHILADELPHIA, PA.
Wm. P. Walter's Sons,

HARDWARE,
T00LS, ETC.

* No. 1983 Market STREET,

PHILADELPHIA.

ENGRAVING,

Plate Printing, Visiting Cards, Wedding Invitations.

FRIENDS' MARRIAGE CERTIFICATES.

College and Class Invitations, Fine Stationery.

SSOCIATION,

No. 102O ARGH STREET, PHILADELPHIA. TEACHER WANTEP Foo A friends

school. Address, with reference, Elizabeth E. Hart, 15te and Race Streets, Philadelphia.

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THE UNION TRUST COMPANY.,

611 and 613 Chestnut Street, Philadelphia. AUTHORIZED CAPITAL, - * - -- - $1,000,000 | PAID-UP CAPITAL, - * o to * - $500,000

Acts as Executor, Administrator, Assignee, etc., alone or in connection with an individual appointee. Executes trusts of every description known to the law. All trust assets kept separate from those of the Company. Burglar-Proof Safes to rent at $5 to $60 per annum. Wills kept in Vaults without charge. Bonds, Stocks and other valuables taken under guarantee. Paintings, Statuary, BronZes, etc., kept in Fire-Proof Vaults. Money received on deposit at interest.

JAMES LONG, President; JOHN G. READING, Vice-President; MAHLON H. STOKES, Treasurer and Secretary; D. R. PATTERSON, Trust Officer.

DIRECTORS.—Jas. Long, Alfred S. Gillett, Joseph Wright, Dr. Charles P. Turner, Wm. S. Price, John T. Monroe, W. J. Nead, Thos. R. Patton, John G. Reading, Wm. H. Lucas, D. Hayes Agnew, M. D., Jos. I. Keefe, Robert Patterson, Theodore C. Engel, Jacob Naylor, Thomas G. Hood, Edward L. Perkins, Philadelphia; Samuel Riddle, Glen Riddle, Pa.; Dr. George W. Reiley, Harrisburg, Pa.; J. Simpson Africa, Huntingdom; Henry S. Eckert, Reading; Edmund S. Doty, Mifflintown; W. W. H. Davis, Doylestown; R. E. Monaghan, West Chester: Charles W. Cooper, Allentown.

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SAMUEL C. HUEY, President. HENRY C. BROWN, Secretary.

rv asso, WM. H. JONES,

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soc.c. HorchLEY, UN DERTAKER,
3O8 MARKET ST., Philadelphia.
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- - - ------ ROBERT KELSO, i PHILADELPHIA.

MANUFACTURER OF ' -–––––––––––. ---——-- - -

The Keystone Woven Wire Mattress. i-FasR =1
The best, most durable and com- sp;|-EGEEE

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EVAPORATORS, o Blackberries, etc., etc. $ 3 50 $6 $10 ; FOR CATALOGUE WITH COLORED PLATES FREE. | E. * it IRCULAR

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DNITED WITH

The Friends' journal.

INTELLIGENCER. } Vol. xlii. No. 33.

THE UNANSWERED PRAYER.

BY MARIA UPEIAM DEAKE. 's IWAS long ago, When I was young. Alas! I did not know A better way. I said, “It must be so, Or God cannot be good.” Alas! alas ! my poor, weak, human pride How differently would I have quickly cried If I had understood

And now I bear A thankful heart for that unanswered prayer; And so I think it will be whem, up there

Where all is known, We look upon the things we longed for so, And see how little were they worth, and know

How soon they were outgrown,

—Christian Union.

THE SOCIETY OF FRIENDS: IT'S SPIRIT AND ITS FOR M.1

T was about the middle of the seventeenth century, that a poor apprentice in Derbyshire felt called upon by the Spirit of God to go and preach against the tyranny and corruption of the times. Through trials and temptations, through imprisonments and persecutions, he steadily obeyed the voice within, and slowly gathered around him a band of like-minded men and women, who called themselves Friends. This is the origin of the Society of Friends or Quakers. Quakerism was a reaction against the wickedness of the court, the scandalous worldliness of the Established Church, and the narrowness of the non-conformists. It was a cry for purity, fraternity, and equality; a plea for religious reform with toleration; a demand for the rights of man as man in the church as well as in the commonwealth. It taught that the only authority over a man was the spirit of God which was in him, “the Light that lighteth every man that cometh into the world.” In accordance with this idea of personal liberty and responsibility the Friends adopted no written creed; their Discipline is merely a guide for the conduct of meetings, and the regulation of outward behavior. They believed that the spirit of God was in all men, independent of race, sex or condition; and that the only means by which it could be removed was the

1An essay read at Vassar College, Sixth. Month, 1885, by Lucy Davis, of the graduating class.

PHILADELPHIA, NINTH MONTH 26, 1885.

JOURNAL. Vol. xiii. No. 661.

constant disobedience of all its promptings, the constant yielding to evil passions.

Such a doctrine was far in advance of the age in which it was propounded and was regarded as little less than seditious. The world could not believe that a people who, in vulgar parlance, “declared themselves as good as anybody else,” would obey any laws. Especially the authorities could not believe they would make good citizens when they refused to pay tithes and war taxes, to take the oath of allegiance, or to doff the hat, or bow the knee to the king. It took long years to prove that Friends were the most law-abiding of men; that the principles of peace which forbade their contributing to defray the expenses of war also forbade their quarreling among themselves; kept them from drunken brawls and duels. Their refusal to pay tithes was because of their belief in an individual, not a state religion, and was a step in the direction of religious toleration. This was going beyond the Puritans, who, when they later obtained religious freedom for themselves in the American colony, denied it to others.

The refusal of the Friends to remove their hats was a slight thing, yet it brought upon them trouble and persecution. To them it was the symbol that all men were equal; to the world, it was a despising of authority. In the same way their use of the plain language gave offense. The Friends said, “It is not the truth to address one person as if he were a company; to use you instead of thow; to call a man, master, or a woman mistress, when you do not so regard them.” This scrupulousness they doubtless carried too far, but who was harmed thereby ?

Besides their language, their dress distinguished them. By the plainness and neatness of their garb, they set an example to all of cleanliness and sobriety. And it must have been a striking example if such a man as Voltaire would remark upon it. Their dress also served as a safe-guard against temptation, for the wearer was often arrested by the thought of the inconsistency between it and his behavior. The Friends carried their love of simplicity to their meeting houses, and the conduct of the meetings. The land on which the house stood was not consecrated, for the whole earth was good in the sight of the Lord. The inside of the house was whitewashed; the floor was filled with benches; there was no pulpit, but the elders sat in raised seats facing the rest.

At their worship there was no presiding clergyman, no religious ceremonial. The Friends met in a

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