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abundant. Thus, on July 14, 1875, in Monmouthshire, 5.36 inches fell in twenty-four hours, and on June 30, 1881, at Seathwaite, 4.80 inches fell in the Same space of time. The average annual rainfall at the last named place, indeed, is 154 inches—a record not to be matched elsewhere out of the tropics. We sometimes think New York has plenty of moisture, but Seathwaite beats us almost four to One, and even Seathwaite cannot hold a candle—or perhaps we should say a raingauge—to some other places. The wettest parts of the globe are naturally such as are exposed to westerly winds blowing over extensive ocean tracts, and depositing their moisture on the first coast they meet. Such places are the Khasia Hills, in Assam, with Cherraponga, where the annual rainfall is, according to Scott, 400 inches, and according to Lyman 600 inches. This would give a precipitation of 6,000,000 tons to the square mile. It represents a body of water, in fact, fifty feet in depth.
There is no such tremendous precipitation in any other part of the globe though several places do their best to emulate Cherraponga. The Western Ghauts of India come next, with Mahabulashma, which has a respectable record of 260 inches. Next again comes Buitenzey, in Java, with 160 inches, and Seathwaite, England, runs it close with 154 inches. Bergen, in Norway, Sitka, in Alaska, Valdivia, in Southern Chili, and a place in New Zealand follow, while Maranham in Brazil holds its own very sturdily. It appears that an elevation of about 4,000 feet above the sea level affords the most favorable conditions (other things being equal) for the heaviest precipitation, for that is the height of both Cherraponga and Mahabulashma.
In the so-called “cloud-bursts” which occur on the Western plains, the precipitation is probably as heavy as that of the Gibraltar waterspout cited above, though no record has we believe yet been obtained of such phenomena. It is also somewhat curious that though exceptionally severe storms seem at times to disturb the record, the result of sixty years of observation shows that the annual average in these eastern states remains constant, and that we have neither more nor less rainfall on the whole than our grandfathers had.
VICTOR HUGO ON THE “ UNITED STATES OF EUROPE.”
** TF, four centuries ago, at the period when war
was made by one district against another, between cities, and between provinces, if, I say, some one had dared to predict to Lorraine, to Picardy, to Normandy, to Brittany, to Auvergne, to Provence, to Dauphiny, to Burgundy, “A day shall come when you will no longer make wars, when you will no longer arm men one against the other, when it will no longer be said that the Normans are attacking the Picards, or that the people of Lorraine are repulsing the Burgundians—you will still have many disputes to settle, interests to contend for, difficulties to resolve ; but do you know what you will substitute instead of armed men, instead of Cavalry and infantry, of cannon, of bayonets, lances, pikes and sword 7
You will select, instead of all this destructive array, a small box of wood, which you will term a ballotbox, and from which shall issue—what?—an assembly—an assembly which shall be, as it were, the soul of all—a Supreme and popular council, which shall decide, judge, resolve everything—which shall make the Sword fall from every hand, and excite the love of justice in every heart—which shall say to each, ‘Here terminates your right, there commences your duty: lay down your arms 1 Live in peace l’ And in that day you will all have one common thought, Common interest, as common destiny; you will recOgnize each other as children of the same blood, and of the same race; that day you will no longer be hostile tribes, you will be a people; you will no longer be Burgundy, Normandy, Brittany, or Provence,— you will be Francel You will no longer make appeals to war—you will do so to civilization. If, at the period I speak of, some one had uttered these words, all men of a serious and positive character, all prudent and cautious men, all the great politicians of the period, would have cried out, ‘What a dreamer! What a fantastic dream How little this pretended prophet is acquainted with the human heart | What ridiculous folly! what an absurd chimera !’
“Yet time has gone on and on, and we find that this dream, this folly, this absurdity, has been realized And I insist upon this, that the man who would have dared to utter so sublime a prophecy would have been pronounced a madman for having dared to pry into the designs of the Deity. Well, then, a day will also come when war will appear as absurd, and be as impossible between Paris and London, between St. Petersburg and Berlin, between Vienna and Turin, as it would be now between Boston and Philadelphia. A day will come when France, Russia, Italy, England, Germany, will all, without losing their distinctive qualities and glorious individuality, be blended into a superior unity, and constitute an European fraternity, just as Normandy, Brittany, Burgundy, Lorraine, Alsace, have been blended into France. A day will come when bullets and bomb-shells will be replaced by votes, by the suffrage, by the venerable arbitration of a great Sovereign Senate, which will be to Europe what the Parliament is to England, what the Diet is to Germany, what the Legislative Assembly is to France. A day will come when those two immense groups, the United States of America and the UNITED STATES of EUROPE, shall be seen placed in presence of each other, extending the hand of fellowship across the ocean, exchanging their produce, their industry, their arts, their genius, clearing the earth, peopling the deserts, improving creation under the eye of the Creator, and uniting, for the good of all, the power of God and the fraternity of men.”
A TERRIBLE tornado struck the town of Washington Court House, in Fayette county, Ohio, about eight o'clock on 3rd day evening, the 3d inst. Forty stores, three churches, four railway depots and over two hundred dwellings were destroyed. Five persons were killed and about 300 injured, four perhaps fatally. The loss on property is. estimated at $1,000,000. Damage was done in other places in Ohio, houses being unroofed or destroyed and persons injured. PRESIDENT CLEVELAND has appointed Moses A. Hopkins, of North Carolina, to be Minister to Liberia. He is a Presbyterian minister, and was born a slave. He graduated successfully from the Lincoln University in this state and the Theological Seminary at Auburn, N. Y.
THE registration of female voters for the coming city election in Boston closed on the 15th inst. The number is 1843, against 271 in 1884.
THE National Prison Association will meet in Detroit on October 17th, and continue in session until October 21st. Ex-President Rutherford B. Hayes is President of the Association.
SATISFACTORY reports are given concerning the corn crop in the West and Northwest. It is now believed to be out of danger from frost. The Ohio yield is said to be the largest since 1878. 3.
THE Canadian insurgent, Louis Riel, has been respited, to await the decision of his case by the Privy Council of Great Britain.
THE New York Board of Health is arranging to furnish vaccine virus for the purpose of vaccinating all the people living along the Canadian border.
THE “Novelties Exhibition,” in this city, under the direction of the Franklin Institute, was opened on the 15th instant, at noon. There is a great variety of articles, chiefly mechanical inventions, shown. It will continue until the close of Tenth month.
EMORY A. STORRS, a prominent lawyer of Chicago, died suddenly on the 12th, aged 50.
MANY removals and appointments continue to be made daily by the Post-Office authorities. The postmasters in places where the pay is any object are being generally displaced.
SMALL-POX continues in Montreal. There were 56 new cases and 27 deaths on the 14th inst. It is said that only about one-half the cases are reported.
A TELEGRAM from St. Petersburg on the 9th inst. states: The settlement of the Russo-Afghan question will be speedily embodied in a protocol defining the main points of the frontier. The Afghan Frontier Commission will then delimit the boundary line in detail. Russia has abandoned her claim to the whole of Zulfikar Pass proper. Merutchak is also left to the Afghans. The frontier line will run eastward to Kodjasaleh, on the basis of the agreement of 1883.
No doubt remains but that a terrible famine is impending in India. The crops in the Deccan have all failed for want of rain, while in Bengal the crops are ruined by an excess of rain and floods.
A CHINESE loan of $40,000,000 has been negotiated at Paris and Berlin for the construction of a railroad from Taku to Tungchow, 12 miles south of Pekin. A Manchester firm has received the contract for building the road.
LETTERS from China represent that France lost 15,000 men in the Tonquin campaign, and that her losses in money, including the cost of building forts, hospitals and frontier defences were £43,000,000, while China's losses were 100,000 men and £38,000,000.
CHOLERA is diminishing in Spain. There were 1075 new cases and 371 deaths on the 14th inst. An increase of the disease is reported, however, from the south of France.
Mail advices from Japan report the cholera very seriously prevailing in that country. At Nagasaki, between
8th mo. 24th and 9th mo. 1st there were over 300 cases and 150 deaths. It was reported at Yokohama that the U. S. Steamer Ossipee had arrived at Kebe from Nagasaki, with twelve cases of cholera on board, and that three deaths had occurred while the vessel was en route from Nagasaki.
A DISPATCH from London on the 15th inst., says: A Mormon conference was held in this city to-day. Delegates were present from Norway, Sweden, Holland and Germany. President Penrose, of Salt Lake City, in an address, boasted that Mormonism was spreading in England Scotland and Wales, but admitted that small results were being met with in Ireland. He said that there were six Mormon meeting-houses in London, and several thousand Converts, and that two years ago last January 1200 Mornaon emigrants had been sent to Iowa and Utah. He predicted the defeat of the United States Government in its efforts to Suppress polygamy.
NEWS AND OTHER GLEANINGS. —The Electric Railroad at Cleveland has been running for a year, and is reported to be successful. A conduit is used through which the metal wires or conductors of electricity are run. The company owning the patents under which the road is constructed, publish a table of comparasive cost, in which electricity is made to appear much cheaper than either horse power or cables for running streets railways. —A recent letter to the Standard newspaper, of Syracuse, N. Y., from Dr. Samuel M. Hopkins, principal professor in the Theological Seminary at Auburn, (Presbyterian), contains the following paragraph of interest: “There are so many people extant, probably some thousands, who can distinctly remember that when they were children their grandmother told them that her grand aunt’s second cousin once heard with her own ears a certain Presbyterian minister affirm that “hell is paved with the bones of children not a span long,' that Ithink it is worth while to save myself from being quoted to the same effect, as I am informed I have been. It happened to me a few weeks since, upon a very sudden call, to preach one Sunday in the pulpit of the Fourth Presbyterian church in Syracuse. Among other things I observed that while John Calvin, in accordance with the theology of the Church of Rome in which he had been educated, and in common with the almost universally accepted doctrine of the times, believed that original sin was itself damning, and involved the eternal perdition of all who died in infancy, not being the ‘elect,” the ‘ Reformed ' or Calvinistic church has long since discarded that dogma, and now, with or without Scriptural evidence, absolutely believes in the Salvation of all those, whether in Christian or in heathen lands, who die burdened with no other “guilt ’ than that derived from Adam. In this view, the preacher expressed his entire concurrence. I beg to assure you, Mr. Editor, that I do. not believe in ‘infant damnation’ and that in the course of rather a long life I never met with anybody, nor credibly heard of anybody, outside the Romish church, who did.” —Preparations for the unveiling of the bust of Elizabeth Fry, at Providence school, R.I., have been made, and the date for it will shortly be announced. The bust will be placed in an alcove opposite that of John Bright, a portrait of Whittier hanging between. It is of Carrara marble, and rests upon a pedestal of Tennessee marble, a Corinthian shaft about four feet high. A Providence newspaper says: “The typical Quaker cap of the period, a sort of bonnet of linen, the counterpart of that which Mrs. Fryisrepresented as wearing in all the paintings made of her, is worn, and from under its front the hair shows, the locks smoothed back, not evenly and perfectly smooth, but as if they had strayed over the forehead and a touch of the hand had parted them again to either side. The bonnet is tied under the chin. Over the shoulders and about the breast is drawn a Quaker shawl, the space between which is filled with a silk handkerchief. On the face the sculptor has shown his wonderful abilities, and carved as it was under the eye of Richmond, the artist who painted Mrs. Fry's portrait, and as satisfactory as it is known to be to those who knew her best, it is unquestionably an almost perfect reproduction in marble, and as showing the highest skill of the Sculptor's art it is in every way equal to the beautiful work done on the John Bright bust, both on the face and on the distinguishing texture of the several articles of raiment. The model for the cap was one that belonged to John Bright's mother, and his sister wore the cap to give the Sculptor his required sittings.” —Details of the destruction in Canton, China, and its vicinity by the great rain storm there in June have been received. The flood was the most serious which has visited Canton in thirty years. More than 10,000 persons lost their lives, and a far greater number are left alone in starving condition. Entire villages were ingulfed, and the rice and silk crops in the vicinity were almost ruined. The price of rice has been raised 18 per cent.
—The census of New Mexico, just completed and filed at the Interior Department, shows a population of 131,895, against 119,505, in 1880.
—The architect of the Philadelphia City Hall, John McArthur, Jr., reports to the Public Buildings Commission that the stone work of the tower has reached the height of 235 feet, and he recommends the erection of an elevator in the tower for the use of workmen, inspectors and visitors. —The Philadelphia Press of 8th mo. 25th, in giving an account of a pic-nic held at Lakeside Park, N. J., recently by two hundred Chinamen connected with several of the city Sabbath schools says: “There was not a drop of liquor to be had on the grounds, and there was none asked for. There was none brought in bottles. There was not a fight, nor the shadowy simulacrum of a fight. There was not an ill-tempered word spoken in English or Chinese. The Chinamen were like children, only they made no noise nor encroached in any other way upon the rights of others. If Philadelphia had been scraped for 200 clean, quiet, wellbehaved, according to their lights, gentlemanly youths and men, a better selection could not have been made than the 200 Chinamen. For good behavior there never was such a pic-nic before in a suburban park.” —At the third annual reunion, held last month, of the descendants of Rebecca Nourse, one of the victims of the, Salem witchcraft trials, a monument was erected, for which John G. Whittier wrote the following inscription : Oh, Christian martyr, who for truth could die When all about thee owned the hideous lie, The world redeemed from superstition's sway, Is breathing freer, for thy sake to-day. —The State census of Wisconsin, just completed, shows a population of 1,563,930, a gain since 1880 of 21 per cent. The principal gain is in the northern part of the State where new lumber districts have been opened.
—The Commissioners of Emigration of the State of New York have reported to the Treasury Department that during 1884 there arrived at the port of New York, 330,030 immigrants, all of whom were examined by the Board. On Such examinations 1144 persons were found to be either convicts, lunatics, idiots, or persons unable to take care of themselves without becoming public charges, and were returned to the countries whence they came.
—A despatch from Haverhill, Mass., on the 10th inst., says: “The poet John G. Whittier, met here to-day most of the thirty-three survivors of those who attended the Haverhill Academy from 1827 to 1830, when he too, was a pupil. There were letters from Oliver Wendell Holmes and others. The most interesting was sent by Miss Arethusa Hall, who is 80 years old, She was one of Whittier's teachers, and she thus expressed herself:
“I remember Mr. Whittier well as he was then, having
enjoyed few opportunities for academic culture, and whom
Mr. Duncan introduced to my attention as a young man Who, at the shoemaker's bench, often hammered out verses. I recollect the assiduity with which he was reported to study, and I have vividly pictured in my memory his appearance at a public examination in quite an embarrassed attitude, undergoing the well-sustained ordeal. From that time I followed his literary career with interest, imbued, as it was, with the noblest principles of humanity no less than with the deopest peetic feeling. Only a few days since I reread, with intense delight summer though it was, his “Snow-Bound” picturing in many points my own early experience. A poem by J. G. W., written for the occasion was read. It is printed elsewhere in this issue. —The receipts of the State reservation at Niagara have thus far been $5231. The visitors have increased very much since the park was made free. An elevator is to be erected on Goat Island, near the Cave of the Winds.
NOTICES. *** Quarterly and other meetings in the Ninth"month will occur as follows: 26th. Scipio, Scipio, N. Y. 29th. Indiana Yearly Meeting, Richmond, Indiana. ( & Canada, H. Y. M., Yonge St., Ontario.
*** First-Day School Unions in Ninth month, as follows:
26th. Bucks, Pa.
## Circular Meetings in Ninth month, as follows:
*** The Bucks County Branch of the Yearly Meeting's Committee on Temperance, and the Quarterly Meeting's committee on the same subject, will hold a general meeting in the interest of the cause in the meeting-house at Langhorne, on First-day, Ninth month 20th, 1885, at 2.30 P. M. On behalf of Committee, H. R. FLOWERs, Clerk.
of Western Quarterly Meeting will be held at West Grove meeting-house, on First-day, the 20th instant, to commence at 2 o’clock. All are invited.
E. M. P.
** Haddonfield First-day School Union will be held at Haddonfield on Seventh day, the 26th of 9th mo., commencing at 10 A. M. All interested Friends are cordially in
ALICE ROBERTS. } CLERKS.
*** The “Lesson Leaves” prepared by direction of the First-Day School General Conference are now ready for distribution, and will be sent free of cost to all superintendents of First-Day Schools whose addresses have been received. If any have been omitted, or not fully supplied, please address, at once, L. H. Hall, Box 97, West Chester, Pa.
*** The Sub-Committee of the Yearly Meeting's Committee to visit the meetings of Abington Quarter, expect to attend Schuylkill meeting, on First-day morning, the 20th instant, and Providence meeting, (Montgomery county), near Phoenixville, at 2% in the afternoon of the same day.
HE UNION TRUST COMPANY., 611 and 613 Chestnut Street, Philadelphia. AUTHORIZED CAPITAL, - * - - - $1,000,000 | PAID-UP CAPITAL, - * so e- - - $500,000
Acts as Executor, Administrator, Assignee, etc., alone or in Connection with an individual appointee. Executes trusts of every description known to the law. All trust assets kept separate from those of the Company. Burglar-Proof Safes to rent at $5 to $60 per annum. Wills kept in Vaults without charge. Bonds, Stocks and other valuables taken under guarantee. Paintings, Statuary, Bronzes, etc., kept in Fire-Proof Vaults. Money received on deposit at interest.
JAMES LONG, President; JOHN G. READING, Vice-President; MAHLON H. STOKES, Treasurer and Secretary; D. R. PATTERSON, Trust Officer. * * * * * e *
DIRECTORS.—James Long, Alfred S. Gillett, Dr. Charles P. Turner, William S. Price, John T. Monroe, W. J. Nead, Thomas R. Patton, John G. Reading, James S. Martin, D. Hayes Agnew, M. D., JOS. I. Keefe, Robert Patterson, Theodore C. Engel, Jacob Naylor, Thomas G. Hood, Edward L. Perkins, Philadelphia; Samuel Riddle, Glen Riddle, Pa.; Dr. George W. Reiley, Harrisburg, Pa.; J. Simpson Africa, Huntingdom; Henry S. Eckert, Reading; Edmund S. Doty, Mifflintown; W. W. H. Davis, Doylestowm; R. E. Monaghan, West Chester: Charles § Cooper, Allentown.
This Company furnishes ALL DESIRABLE FORMS of LIFE and ENDOWMENT INSURANCE at actual NET
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INSURES LIVES, GRANTS ANNUITIES, RECEIVES MONEY ON DEPOSIT, ACTS AS EXECUTOR, ADMINISTRA-