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Domestic.—There are well grounded fears, that an extra session of Congress will be needful this year, since it is scarcely possible that the necessary appropriation bills will now be matured and passed by both houses by the 4th of Third month.

The Secretary of the Interior advises that the good feeling of the communities, in the midst of which Industrial Schools for Indian Youth are located, be enlisted ; and every care be used to secure cordial cooperation of these communities, with the educational training of the Indians.

“In furtherance of this subject it is the desire of this department that a board of visitors shall be Organized for each of Said schools, to consist of five citizens residing in the vicinity of said schools who are enlinent in their respective communities for their public spirit, intelligence and philanthropy, and who may be willing to serve without pecuniary compensation or other expense to the Government. Suitable persons will be invited by the Secretary of the Interior to serve as members of said boards of visitors for the period of one year.”

Foreign.-The German Emperor in his speech at the opening of the Reichstag, spoke in favor of readjusting the burdens of taxation so as to lighten that borne by the poor.

An official document addressed to The Faithful, by El Mahdi, was found at a deserted camp near Dalka Island. This announces the fall of Khartoum, Second month 11th.

The latest advices from London (Second month 21st) speak of the distress and anxiety of the English people in view of the peril and retreat of the army under General Buller in Egypt ; of the speech of Minister Gladstone on the opening of Parliament, which is pronounced far less forcible and effective than usual, and the prospect of the failure of the proposed vote of censure of the Egyptian policy of the Ministry.

The Tribune says: “The political situation in London is less strained. The bitter desire for revenge on somebody for the disasters in the Soudan has given way to a calmer feeling, owing in great measure to the influence of the provincial press, which is felt even in Downing street. The Ministry now seems likely to have more difficulties with the Radicals than the Tories, although it has been strengthened so recently by two men of character and action. The chances are that its policy will receive a severe overhauling when Parliament meets, but that a vote of censure will not be passed.”


FRANCIS A. DREXEL, of the well known Drexel banking houses of this city, New York and Paris, died at his home, in Philadelphia, on the 15th inst.

IFRANCES DUNLAP LOWELL, wife of James Russell IIowell, United States Minister to Great Britain, died in London on the 19th inst.

INFORMATION has been received that recent discoveries of coal, and coal oil have been made upon the Sioux reservation Le Beau, Dakota. The coal oil found is of so good a quality that the Indians burn it in their lamps.

ON the 13th inst the greater portion of the mining village of Alta, in Utah, was destroyed by a snow slide. Twenty eight persons were buried by the avalanche. Twelve of these were dug out alive ; the remainder are believed to be dead.

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S MUST BE ADDRESSED AND PAYMENTS MADE TO - o COMMUNICATION - The Truth not Found in Partial Views.................................... 49 JOHN COMILY, AGENT, Aiding a Free Ministry. • a see e a e o e s a e s see e s = * * * * * * * * * 50 AT PUBLICATION OFFICE, No. 1020 ARCH STREET. A Reminiscence...................... ................... * * * * 51 Giles H. Coggeshall...................................................................... 51 *- r TERMS :—TO BE PAID IN ADVANCE. “The Reys are in my Right-hand Drawer.”................ .... ...... 52 The Paper is issued every week. Educational.............. ..... .............................................................. 53 The FoETY-SECOND VOLUME commenced on the 14th of Moral Training.............................................................to e s - e = * * * * * * * * * . 54 Second month, 1885, at TWO DOLLARS AND FIFTY CENTS to Correspondence ....................................... 55 subscribers receiving it through mail, postage prepaid. Editorials: Notice—Restraining in LOve............ .................... 56 SINGLE NUMBERS, SIX CENTS. lo a • * * * * sees e s a s es e e s e s w = s.se e o see s = e s m s m e s a s see e o e s ea o 'o - * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * e = ; €8 LI] S...... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . -- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - IT IS noso TEIAT ALL SUBSCRIPTIONS COMIMIENCE AT First-day Schools and the Children.......................................... 57 THE BEGINNING OF THE volumE. - - A Winter Walk............................................................................ 58 RE MITTANCES by Mail should be in CHECKS, I)RAFTS, OI’ Recent Astronomical Phenomena......... o 59 P. O. MoREY-ORDERS; the latter preferred. Money sent by Mail | Poetry: A Bird's Ministry......................................................... 61 will be at the risk of the person so sending. Anatomy and Physiology.......... - e s e s e s e o e s e s a e = e o e < e < e < e < e < * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * 61 AGENTS:—EDWIN BLACKBURN, Baltimore, Md. Local Information........................... - e s e s to * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * ee see e s to e o 'o so e - 62 JOSEPH. S. COHU, New York. The Library................... 63 BENJ. STRATTAN, Richmond, Ind. Current Events........................... à 63 Entered at the Post-Office at Philadelphia, Penna., as second- Items • * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * e s e o a e o e s ∈ e o so o f = * * * * * * * * g ess ss a e s so e s a e 64 Notices............... .................................................................--------- 64 class matter.

For Friends’ Intelligencer. - selves. Others, again, forgetful (for the time being)


At the present time, not only in the world at large but also within our own Society, with which I am now chiefly concerned, a great deal is being said deprecating the bringing of weaknesses into prominence for fear of creating discouragement, and in favor of looking on the “bright side’ of things. To my mind it is evident that this is a matter in which there may be two opposite extremes, in either of which, if we become involved, we will be hindered in our progress towards the true mean.

It is true there are some people (but I hope very few amongst us), whose minds are in such an anomalous condition that they seem to find their only measure of contentment under the influence of shadow and gloom. Being as those in whom faith and hope have died, they open their lips only to give forth forebodings of evil, and whose very presence (so far as their influence goes) covers as with a veil of hesitation and doubtfulness. Others permit pride of opinion to so thoroughly enshroud their judgment that they view things through a lens of private interpretation, their own reputation occupying an unduly large place in their minds they feel aggrieved and disheartened by anything which appears to call in question the correctness of their views, and in some cases they seem ever ready to wage a blind warfare of denunciation and depreciation against everything that is not in accordance with the position in which they chanced to have placed them

that it is only in and by the light that we can per-
ceive the requirements of the truth, undertake to
give instruction while their own minds are darkened
by some passing cloud of discouragement and de-
All such positions are to be seduously avoided, but
in steering clear of them we have need to be careful
not to run too far in another direction. -
It must be remembered that our great need is not
encouragement to be cheerful and contented in a con-
dition abounding in defects, but encouragement to
persevere through all the pains and suffering that
may be necessary to overcome defects.
The folly of wasting our strength upon imaginary
evils can never become our justification for giving
even the remotest encouragement to real ones.
To ignore the weaknesses of our position, in regard
to our outward affairs, is to invite disaster, and what
reasonable ground have we to suppose that it should
be different as to our spiritual affairs? Our true
interest, then consists, not in looking on the “bright
side” or any other particular side, but in looking
thoroughly and impartially at the whole matter.
Comprehending the whole position, all its bright sides
and its dark sides as well, and then doing our duty
regardless of how it may affect our personal comfort
or convenience.
To cultivate a cheerful, hopeful spirit, with a firm
confidence in the ultimate triumph of righteous effort
as its groundwork, is a duty, but that kind of cheer-
fulness and encouragement which arises from over-

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looking the realities of our condition from a want of wise solicitude and deliberation is only a precursor of SOI"I’OW. Where do we find a single instance of those great reform movements, which from time to time have been vouchsafed to the children of men, for the reestablishment and advancement of righteousness (of which the protestant Reformation and the advent of the Society of Friends are notable examples in comparatively recent times), that have not been inseparably connected with a vigorous and persistent exposure of the misconceptions and short-comings of the People? “Cry aloud, spare not, lift up thy voice like a trumpet and show my people their transgressions and the house of Jacob their sins” has ever been the command of the Lord to His servants. And it is but reasonable that it should be so, for how can there be any reform until that is removed which makes a reformation needful ? It is folly to suppose that the effect will cease while the cause is allowed to remain. Thus in the ushering in of the gospel dispensation it was distinctly proclaimed that the first step in, or perhaps, more correctly the preliminary to, spiritual growth, is repentance, a turning from “dead works,” and it is well to remember that encouragement as to repentance must always involve discouragement as to that of which we ought to repent. A tree is to be known by its fruit to-day just as it ever has been, and if there are weaknesses or “deficiencies' amongst us, if the present condition of the Society of Friends is not what it ought to be, it must be because we are in some degree actuated by false principles or imperfect motives of action, and such being the case, we must repent or turn from these erroneous conceptions before we can reasonably expect a healthful and vigorous growth. And to repent of any evil we must first recognize it in its real character, and acknowledge it to be an evil, and then face it boldly without regard to our preconceived desires or any sentimental preferences and associations. The eradication of sin, or erroneous principles of action, in its inception and progress is never a joyful and attractive exercise either for an individual or an organization, and unless there is a sufficient appreciation of its necessity to produce a willingness to submit patiently and perseveringly to all the trials, disappointments, and even anguish of soul that may be attendant upon it, there never can be a full realization of that glorious position which consists in an establishment in the truth. “No chastening for the present seemeth to be joyous, but grievous; nevertheless, afterward it yieldeth the peaceable fruit of righteousness unto them which are exercised thereby,” Heb. 12:11. The voice of hopeless despondency and the carping criticisms of self-righteousness are both evils that may well be shunned, but, when a sufficient remedy is presented at the same time, no greater service cau be done for any one than to cause him to fully appreciate his weaknesses and short comings, and what is in this respect true as to an individual is also true as to an organization. I. W. G. ——-o-o-o-o

God is truth, and light his shadow.—Plato.

For Friends’ Intelligencer.


In the discriminating article recently published by Friends' Intelligencer on the subject of a “hireling” and a “paid " ministry, the writer, while clearly explaining the difference between these two classes, failed to make plain a still higher system of action than either, that on which the Friends began, and to a small extent have continued to work. A hireling minister is one who preaches for money by contract, a paid minister may make no contract but receives a voluntary reward in money or its equivalent. The only real difference is, that one stipulates for his pay, and the other does not, and may, therefore, be presumed to have another motive. But there is a third class to whom aid may be given without its forming any part of their reward, even though it amount to a full support. This is best shown by examples. First take Christ himself, there is no evidence that he labored with his hands while engaged in his great mission, or that he lived on means before acquired. His instructions to his disciples plainly imply the reverse; and yet who would think of calling him a paid minister of the Gospel, in the commercial sense ? The word hire is used in translating his orders to his followers, in one instance but as if to show that this was but a figurative use of the word, he chose another form of expression at another time, or else the spirit afterwards gave the true sense in the words “the workman is worthy of his meat,” that is, of his support, and this principle Friends have always acknowledged when applied to brief periods of labor. To make this the second illustration of the difference between support and payment, do Friends consider the support they give their traveling ministers in the sense of pay or reward ” If so, the objection is given up, and they are all paid ministers alike. But does not every one See a difference corresponding to that observed in the family between the son, or the mother, and the servant? The son or mother has a living, and all that is needed for comfort, or even for luxury, from what the father earns. Is she thus paid for the care of the household 2 The son may receive a named

allowance, but it is not payment, because it is his right as a son under the law of love and common

interest. And this is the case with the true minister of the Gospel, he is not a hired servant, nor even a paid servant, but a son in the household, and “all that the Father hath is his.” What he receives is neither as compensation nor as charity, but as a right under the law of filial love or brotherly equality. He receives it from God as his portion, because he is a son, or from his brethren, because he is a brother beloved, and therefore, a joint holder of the Father's estates. But love is the key, or the check, which must draw forth needed supplies. This is the exact principle on which the business of the primitive church was conducted by the apostles. They did not take from the common treasury what they needed as payment for their services, or so distribute to others. All were members of the Lord's family and “had all things in common.” The principle is unchangeable. It is the same now as then, only that a less intensified zeal and disinterestedness has in later times made it expedient to have the common property of Christians in separate holdings, open to voluntary bestowal. The nearer the state of society will permit us to follow out this ideal of Christ, the better will the service of the Church be performed, and in so doing we shall more and more eliminate the gross conceptions which even enlightened people are apt to form about the labor and duties of the Gospel. Meantime, it is well for us to be charitable towards the “hirelings,” for many of them would starve without a formal contract; and this is often but an imperfect device used to secure a necessary living, and greater efficiency in the service. Perhaps, the sin of such is not greater in the eyes of a merciful God who does not wait for perfection in his workmen before employing them, than is that of those who for a nicety of conscience allow such large portions of society to remain arid and desolate, and then complacently refuse to associate with their fellow-servants who are doing the largest part of the Master's work. Let us have charity. E. R. Second month, 13th 1885.

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At the hour of gathering (10 o'clock), Friends being generally seated, about 300 soldiers, with their chaplain, came into the meeting-house, and took their seats in good order. They appeared very clean, having just left the State of Massachusetts to join Banks' company at New Orleans; but, owing to the unsafe condition of the vessel, they put into Philadelphia in distress. They expressed to their chaplain a desire to have a meeting appointed after the mauner of Friends. They were accordingly invited to attend our weekday meeting, if it was their desire to be with Friends at their place of worship. They did so, walking two miles to the meeting. They all sat erect, and in profound silence. After a time of silent waiting Dr. Nathan Shoemaker arose and said, for the information of the strangers, that we believed in the Scripture testi mony that God was the teacher of His people Himself; that we had not come together with prepared offerings, but to wait on Him to know His mind and will ; for there is a spirit in man, and the inspiration of the Almighty giveth them an understanding. After a short time of remarkable stillness and solemnity, in which the spirit of supplication seemed spread over the whole assembly, Rachel W. Moore arose, giving a Scriptural account of the Creation, and applied it allegorically as prefiguring the state of the soul, then adverted to some interesting scenes that transpired in her presence at the hospitals in the city when engaged in administering comfort and aid to the sick and wounded. She then enlarged on the subject of love to God and love to man, and closed a lengthy discourse, which was listened to with intense interest by these strangers, with these

words: “Do violence to no man, and be content with your wages.” The chaplain then said a few words, intimating that he understood that any one might speak in our meetings who felt they had something to say. He wished to say that he had always believed in the inspiration of God, and that it would lead and guide into all truth. He fully endorsed all that had been said, and that the children of men were prone to look for God up in the sky (pointing upwards), as a being far away from man—when, in Him we live and move and have our being, qualifying us to perform the duties of everyday life. Sarah T. Betts followed. She spoke of the settlement of Pennsylvania by Wm. Penn; of his treaty with the red man of the forest—the natives of the land, termed savages. This treaty was made on peace principles, without an oath, and was never broken while Penn and his friends held the government. That Jesus said, “Do violence to no man l’” —to live in peace with all men; that there was at this time a rebellion in our land, brother arrayed against brother; that the rulers of our country demanded a force to suppress this rebellion, and these soldiers were going forth in obedience to this call; that we as a people had enlisted under Christ, taking Him for our captain, and therefore we could not fight; that many at this time were clothed in lamentation and mourning for absent ones gone South— some were slain on the battlefield, mothers and wives in deep mourning for their beloved and lost ones. At this juncture the fount of feeling was stirred ; sighs and sobs were no longer restrained. Elizabeth Newport appeared in supplication, and this interesting meeting closed. Some of these strangers shook hands with men Friends, and inquired the names of the speakers; one observed that he lived a near neighbor to John G. Whittier, and he intended to write to him, giving him an account of the meeting.

For Friends’ Intelligencer.


At Bloomfield, N. J., on the 21st inst., closed a long and a beautiful life. There was suddenly called from works to rewards one whose steadfast, though simple faith was exemplified in his practice, and whose daily walk was “clean and blameless.” Though he had enjoyed more than four-score years of existence, and had filled up the measure of usefulness as he went along, still his removal is felt to be a real loss to every circle in which he mingled, and a sore bereavement to those who knew him intimately. His was no ordinary character; and, if it be true that “Nature has her own nobility,” Giles H. Coggeshall was surely a titled man. His mother, Elizabeth Coggeshall, was, in her day, one of the most eminent ministers in the Society of Friends. Giles, though a life-long member, was not what would be called a high professor, and never took a very active part in the affairs of the Society; he was, however, firm in its faith, adhesive to its principles, and a bright example of integrity and uprightness to all who knew him. He loved the

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The doors closing the way to much that we would make our own, are too often firmly locked against us, and the keys are not at hand. We have laid them aside carelessly, or perhaps have never realized their possession ; yet there are persons who seem to have them always in “the right-hand drawer,” ready for use; to whom thus avenues closed for others, are freely opened. Perhaps we do not know the keys, and may through ignorance miss the finding. Let us look into our drawers, and see. Too much confusion there probably, to allow all to be clear at once; but patience, let us persevere, there's only rubbish in the way. What do we want, to place in our collection, to be kept in the convenient niche 7 The keys of success, i. e. prosperity ? Well, here they are, industry, the all essential, we know, though for want of use, it sometimes grows rusty, and turns with difficulty in the lock. Perseverance is the best polish. Integrity of purpose and action, concentrativeness, earnestness, humility, and self-reliance combined ; have we not these keys within our reach 7 May they not be in “the right-hand drawer’ of every one 7 And will not the same open for us the doors of knowledge at which we are priviledged to enter? The keys of life are many; too many to be separately noted. We do not all enter the same doors, and our smaller keys vary according to individual needs; but there are more similarities than we are apt, at first, to note. The key to happiness, however, that may be defined, is coveted, perhaps most of all; and very often is the right one; missed, from want of recognition of its fitness. The door of happiness does not open directly to the Searcher; its true key is not marked with that name, or rather, it needs no key for itself alone. We reach it by passing through what, in name, is far less tempting ; and in truth, those who think least of their own happiness, and calculate with least accuracy, the steps leading to it, are apt to find themselves most richly blest. The key to others hearts: one of inestimable value, but in possession of how few With how many do we live on the outside; pleasantly or unpleasantly, as may be, but all outside. The door of the heart is closed, and many a treasure may lie within of which we know nothing. Are we so grasping in our desires as to yearn in each case, to reach the inner sanctuary 2 The key to that may not be given to every one, and there is one point beyond which none can penetrate. We do not admit all to the full privileges of home, nor can all friends be taken into the retiring room of the heart: yet there are keys enough for all to use, and many a door will unexpectedly open at the touch. We may draw near through admiration, respect, and reverence; through charity and love; but the open sesame of the heart is sympathy, the feeling, not for, but with. And there are those who, ever carry this with them. We are told of the “isolation of the soul:” that each one must stand alone in its purest joys, and its deepest sorrows; in its highest aspirations, and its yearnings for the unattained : that it is alone, for

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