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and of salvation. Then our hearts will turn to love is procured, and should mention in their report to the true and the good, and then, too, the hearts of the the second monthly meeting that it has been; and, people and the government will be turned in good second, the committee of oversight of the marriage will towards us, to give us aid and succor among other should see that the certificate is duly filled up and renations who live securely under the shadow of Euro- turned to the clerk of the court for record, and in pean laws, which have been given and written in the their report should state their attention to this addispirit of our brother, who gave his life to make the tional duty. The whole record in the monthly meetworld blessed, and remove evil from the earth. ing's minutes would thus be perfected, and the eviAmen."

dence of full compliance with the law would be comIt is more than a year since these Christian Jews plete. first attracted the attention of the religious world. What the outcome of the movement is to be is in the

MARRIAGES. future, but the earnestness of the leader and the ap

MASON-BROWN.-Eighth month 29th, by Friends' parently right direction it is taking, give promise of ceremony, in Philadelphia, Benjamin E. Mason and Ella C. a healthy christian development, untrammeled by

Brown, both of Chester county, Pa. the sectarianisms of western theology.

THOMAS-LYNCH.--Ninth month 3d, 1885, at the residence of the bride's parents, Nottingham, Chester county, Pa., under the care of the monthly meeting of Friends of

Philadelphia, Harry C. Thomas, of Chester Valley, son of THE PENNSYLVANIA MARRIAGE LAW. Ellwood and Anne L. Thomas, and Ella W. Lynch, of Phil

adelphia, daughter of James and Philena C. Lynch, The attention of those of our readers who are residents of Pennsylvania may very properly be called

DEATHS. to the new law of this State, requiring the procure- BAILY.—Near Newport, Perry county, Pa., Eighth ment of a license before a marriage is accomplished. month 25th, Joseph Baily, in his 75th year, originally of This act goes into effect the first of next month, and

Chester county, Pa. in the monthly meeting of this city, held at Race

BRINTON.—Ninth month 3d, Anne, widow of Jacob L.

Brinton, aged 82; a member of Green Street Monthly Meetstreet, a committee is now considering what proced- ing, Philadelphia. ure, if any, it would be proper for Friends to adopt,

CHEYNEY.—Ninth month 3d, at Cheyney Station, Pa., in order to secure a due attention to its provisions. Mary Cheyney, aged 74.

The new law requires that before a marriage be FOGG.—Ninth month 2d, at Elsinborough, Salem county, performed, application shall be made to the clerk of

N. J., Thomas Fogg, aged 83; a member of Greenwich

Monthly Meeting, N. J. the Orphans' Court of the county where it is to take

GRIEST.--At New Castle, Lawrence county, Pa., on the place, for a license, and this, upon proof (the oath or

morning of the 29th of Eighth month, 1885, Nathan Griest, affirmation of the party applying), that no legal ob- aged 82 years, 2 months and 11 days; a member (I believe) stacle exists, and that the contracting parties are of of Salem Monthly Meeting, Ohio. Interment took place

on the 1st of Ninth month, in Friends' burying ground at age, or if not, have the consent of parents, the clerk

Bald Eagle (Unionville), Centre county, Pa., where he forwill issue, together with two blank certificates of

merly resided. marriage, one of which, after the wedding, must be Firm in the belief of a higher life, and of being able to returned to him for record within thirty days.

meet and commune with loved ones who have gone before,

he frequently expressed himself as willing and waiting to These provisions, it will be seen, are simple, and

pass over the river." He believed in progression while they do not disturb the usage of Friends, except by here, as a duty, and hereafter, as a privilege. Taking the imposing some additional formalities. The law is golden rule for his guide in the affairs of life, he had no little needed so far as our religious body is concerned,

reverence for creeds or confessions of faith, differing there

fore with many, yet respected and beloved for his honesty the discipline amongst us having always been di

and purity of purpose. His wife survives him. J. rected to the result of preventing hasty, improper, or

HAIGHT.-On Sixth month 2d, 1885, in Yarmouth, Onirregular marriages of any sort, and of securing their

tario, Canada, Margaret L., wife of the late Edward Haight, orderly accomplishment and careful record; but that in her 33d year; a member of Norwich Monthly Meeting of it is very needful and desirable to establish a better

Friends. order than now exists generally is quite undeniable.

HOOPES.--At the residence of his parents, New Garden The law is therefore worthy of respect, independent

township, Chester county, Pa., Eighth month 19th, Town

send W. Hoopes. of that formal attention which is required by it.

MARTIN.-On Fifth-day, Ninth month 3d, at MarlIt may be safely said, we think, that there are two boroughville, Pa., Hannah, wife of Isaac Martin, in the 820 particulars in which meetings should act with regard year of her age; a member of Kennett Monthly Meeting. to the law. The first is that the committee appointed

MORRELL.-At Johnstown, Pa., Eighth month 20th,

Daniel J. Morrell, in his 65th year, formerly member of Conby the first monthly meeting, to make inquiry as to

gress; a son-in-law of the late Powell Stackhouse, of Phil. clearness,” etc., should see that the required license adelphia.

WATSON.–At Langhorne, Bucks county, Pa., Ninth 4th. There was then another rest of ten minutes month 6th, Anna B., wife of Mitchell Watson, and daughter -time given for reflection and mutual benefit. of the late David and Margaret B. Bacon, of Philadelphia, in 5th. Mr. Plummer then led his brethren and sisher 60th year: a member of Middletown Monthly Meeting,

ters in a very reverent and importunate prayer. Pa.

6th. The prayer was followed by another ten

minutes' silence, after which the speaker extended NEWS OF FRIENDS.

his hand to the one on his right. This seemed to be OHIO YEARLY MEETING.

the signal for a warm-hearted hand shaking all round,

and a cordial breaking up and dismissal from the serA . , vices. of Mendon Centre, N. Y., gives some details con

Though a total stranger to every one present, sevcerning the recent session of Ohio Yearly Meeting.

eral spoke cordially to me, with the simple inquiry, Their letter says: “On the 29th of Eighth month, we

Thy name?” Then followed an invocation of blessarrived at Salem, O., with the view of attending the

ing upon me. I am sorry to add that most of the Yearly Meeting, which is held alternately there and

churches which I have visited are far behind the at Mt. Pleasant; and were most cordially received by

Friends in this respect. Friends. We attended the public meeting on First

Mr. Plummer found in the statement of Christ, day; the house was well filled with an attentive au

"Ye are my friends, if ye keep my commandments, dience, and communications were delivered from both sides of the house. On Second-day the meeting

occasion for the name which they take to themselves

as a company of believers. His second thought, and opened by the reading of a very impressive minute,

the one upon which he chiefly dwelt, was the necesand the spirit of prayer ascended that we might be

sity of living in their homes and in society so that guided by the power of love in the transaction of the

God and His truth would be demonstrated to the business. Epistles from sister yearly meetings were

people. This he held to be the true way to reform read to the comforting of many minds. On the third

and convert the world. Without this there would be of the week, the reading of the queries and answers

lack of success. With this, socialism, schisms, shibwas entered into with interest. In the afternoon at

boleths would cease, and the nations of earth would 3 o'clock, the Temperance Committee gathered, and

turn to our Lord Jesus Christ, those present were much interested in the discussion

I was greatly instructed and benefited by my visit of the temperance question.

to the Athenæum. “Great interest was manifested in the welfare of the First-day school work, both by the old and young.

EASTON AND SARATOGA QUARTERLY MEETING. “Many weighty and comforting remarks were made and the meeting closed on the 3d inst., (5th of the Easton and Saratoga Quarterly Meeting, the most week), in a solemn and impressive manner. Among

northerly of the meetings of New York Yearly Meetthose present was Thomas Garrigues, of Philadelphia. ing, was held at Granville, N. Y., on the 25th, 26th [Delaware county, Pa.] His company was very ac

and 27th of Eighth month. ceptable, and he made some very appropriate re- The select meeting held on the afternoon of the marks."

25th was very small. A few aged Friends only are

left to constitnte this meeting with but one or two THE MEETING IN CHICAGO.

younger ones introduced into this service; it leads to The Christian Home, of Council Bluffs, Iowa, in a re- the inquiry : Why we do not bring into the service cent issue has an account of the meeting of Eriends of this meeting younger and more active and interof Chicago, Ill. sent to it by a visitor, a minister, T. ested members of our Society? This meeting was F. Thickstun, of that city. He attended the regular established for service; we do not place upon the meeting for worship, held in the Athenæum Build- shoulders of the old and infirm the hard work of the ing, and his impressions as given in the newspaper world; why should we expect them to bear the bnrmentioned, seem to have been quite favorable. As den and work of the church? Whilst we retain some of our own members are sometimes known to those who have born the burden and heat of the day complain of our meetings as not being attractive, it is in their earlier years, for their wisdom and experiinteresting to know what an outside observer has to ence, let us add to our number those who may assist say on this point as to one of them. He says in his in the more active work and service of the church if letter:

we would see our branch of the Christian Church I attended service at the Athenæum Building last fruitful as it should be, in the full enjoyment of the Sunday. The Friends met there for divine worship. divine life. The order of exercises developed as follows:

At the business meeting on the 26th there was a 1st.

A very cordial greeting of one another as good attendance, many coming in who were not mempersonal Christian friends.

bers. But few of our members from other quarterly 2d. A half-hour of quiet, prayerful waiting before meetings were present, and only two of the yearly the Lord.

meeting's visiting committee. A pleasant feature, 3d. A good, plain, earnest talk by Mr. J. W. Plum- and one to be commended to each of our smaller mer for thirty minutes. Mr. Plummer's appearance meetings, was the holding of the quarterly meeting is that of a good, intelligent, earnest man.

He is a in joint session. I fail to see the advantages of wholesale druggist, and carries his religion through separate sessions in our business, more than in our his daily business.

religious meetings, unless that in our larger meet

ion was not correct. It will meet a week later, the 26th, at Wrightstown.

--Nathaniel Richardson, an approved minister of Byberry, Pa., with his wife, expects to attend Illinois Yearly Meeting, which convenes at Mt. Palatine, Illinois, on Second-day next.



it says:

ings a better opportunity is offered for expression by thus dividing the meeting into sections.

A feeling allusion was made to the band of noble and earnest women who had for so many years] labored in the cause of truth, amongst whom Hannah Rogers, a loved minister, and Ruth Dillingham, a valued elder and frequent testimony bearer in the Granville Meeting, have been recently removed from works to rewards. The memory of these dear Friends, with that of Otis and Stephen Dillingham, and others who might be named, now reaping the rewards of well spent living, induces the earnest desire that the promise may be verified, not only of rest from their labors, but that good results from their works may continue to follow.

A large and in the main satisfactory public meeting followed on the 27th, disturbed somewhat by what was felt by many to be unfeeling and uncalled for remarks from one not in membership with us, which brings to our consideration at what point in a regularly constituted meeting of our Society, forbearance ceases to be a virtue, and the rights and feelings of the many cease to be subordinate to the persistency and fancied concern of an individual, especially of one who has no membership rights amongst us.

The social visiting which holds no insignificant şervice in our Society, the warm greetings and kind hospitality of the Granville Friends dwell pleasantly in the memory, with the earnest desire that there shall long be preserved in this beautiful village a Society whose members, as in the earlier day, shall be known as earnest seekers after truth.

R. S. HAVILAND. Chappaqua, Eighth month 31st.

ROM an exchange paper, (Unity), we extract an

article on Bible classes that contains some observations that apply well to the needs felt in our own schools. Speaking of things especially needed,

“ Best mind, thought and culture in the teachers. This is a vital point. Empty hearts, giddy heads, superficial lives, unstable characters, dress, show and society people are not to be chosen as teachers; nor yet the too sober and severe sort. Pleasant faces, magnetism, love of teaching, love of the child, imagination, attractiveness, a touch of the student, a religious bias, high character, good breeding, a perfect battery of inspiration and good nature, that can teach by presence as well as by precept, and can use manual or no text book at all, and yet educate, inspire, make men and women of the boys and girls—that is the sort of teacher to seek, and find if you can; and when found let officers and parents take some pains to know them and thank them for the very best thing ever done the child, outside, or perhaps inside the home.

A word in particular to parents: Help your child get his lessons, send him early that he may be prompt. Don't keep him home at every little mist or cloud, or when you have company, or want to go out to ride, or haven't got for him the new hat, or coat, or dress, or shoes. That is bad for the education of the child. Go into the school and sit as a visitor, or go into the Bible class and encourage your superintendent and the school, and so help the society and the spread of the truth. Don't leave everything in the school to officials. Don't think it a trifling matter to have your children go to other Sunday schools, where they must learn error; see that they have good teachers, and examine the question books, and talk over many things with the teacher and the superintendent.

“Parents send your children to Sunday-school, know who teaches them, and what is being taught. Know the teacher, and in various ways remember her, to show her that you are grateful for her unpaid services, and the help she may be in building up in the child a true and noble character."


An interesting all-day temperance meeting, under the oversight of the Temperance Committee of Concord Quarterly Meeting, was held at Concord, (Delaware Co., Pa.), on the 1st instant. The exercises consisted of speaking, essays, and recitations. At the morning session, which continued about two hours, Allen Flitcraft, Clement Biddle, and others spoke, and Joseph Shortlidge gave an illustrated lecture, showing, by means of an automatic figure, the evil effects of drink. A poem by Henry S. Kent was read, and an essay by Phebe Griffith. Jonathan K. Taylor, of Baltimore, addressed the meeting at some length, making an earnest and forcible appeal in behalf of Temperance, and urging the feasibility of controlling the evil of drink by legislation. Other addresses were made by Joshua L. Baily, of Philadelphia, Dr. Mowry, and Dr. Graham, of Chester, and others. There were interesting exercises by classes of the First-day schools of Concord, Willistown, and Goshen. At noon, in the recess between the morning and afternoon sessions, a substantial dinner was provided for all, under the trees upon the lawn.

THE GREAT NEED OF FIRST-DAY SCHOOLS. THE question is now upon us, Can we in our day follow the example of our forefathers in adopting such disciplinary changes as time and altered circumstances may require, without impairing the vitality and life of our meetings for worship?

It has long been my belief, founded on the observations of many years, that, after the use of tobacco and other intoxicants, the omission of furnishing children and young people with facilities suited to their capacity; to initiate them into a fitting sense of


-Our friend Hugh B. Eastburn advises us that the date given in the Intelligencer and Journal, (19th inst.), for the meeting of Bucks First-day School Un

“gleaning grape left in the outer branches." (Isaiah, UNDER the heading, Temperance Text-Books :

the value of our principles has been the third great them, and encourage the teachers by our presence. cause of our decline.

And if anything is required by the Master let us be From the effects of the two first propositions, I found ready and emptied of all prejudice; then if we have seen entire families of sons among Friends swept are not used and can not feel at liberty to assist further, away, and in my opinion for want of the third (for we are in our place. Though those who are called to want of semi-religious meetings to provide " Milk for feed the lambs in this way should query as to what the babes,” (Hebrews, v.: 12] in which they could we should do, the same spirit that has called them is mingle on familiar terms with the aged-wherein able to answer. And, O, that we may all seek to atthe lessons of experience, the tender solicitude for tain that which is greater than even faith or hope ; the preservation of the young, could flow with unre- that charity which will enable us to work togetherin strained affection), I have seen multitudes of prom- harmony, exercising our different gifts in that love ising Friends' children of both sexes grow up com- which is the badge of true discipleship. parative strangers to the Society.

M. J. U. I desire to leave on record the above humble tes- Harveysburg, Ohio, Eighth month 13th. timony behind me. Possibly, in future times, it may meet the eye of some earnest laborer in the cause of

THE LIBRARY. the“ religious education of Friends' children,” as a

Safe and Unsafe," A. H. Plumb, D. D., of Bos17; 6.]


ton, Dr. Daniel Dorchester, of Boston, and other offiFairville, Chester Co., Pa., Eighth month 25th.

cers of temperance organizations, have sent out a

circular, “solely in the interests of temperance,” as ENCOURAGEMENT FOR WORKERS.

they state, indicating certain text-books on physiolEditors INTELLIGENCER AND JOURNAL:

ogy and hygiene, which they think suitable for use The communications which we receive through the in schools under the laws recently adopted by a numINTELLIGENCER AND JOURNAL are a great source of ber of states. The circular says very justly that it is encouragement; to know the good work is progress- of vital importance that the instruction to be given ing in other places, and that stronger instruments are to the children under these laws should be right inbeing used, will serve to lift our drooping spirits, struction, and that “even ambiguous teaching upon and in the night-time, or when the cloud is resting on a matter of such great moment may prove more perour tabernacle, and we can only review the feeble ef- nicious than no teaching." It adds that "the textforts we have made individually towards accomplish- books for the purpose should answer to these tests: ing the great work before us, as a society, it will en- First. They should be scientifically accurate. able us to wait patiently until we have received “ Second. In size and style they should be adapted for strength, and under the preparing hand are fitted for use in the school-room. The law requires every pupil, in the work which He who knows us better than we all grades of all public schools, to pursue this study. know ourselves will in His own good time call us to

« Third. The tone of the books should be calculated, in perform. I am gratified that the subject of First-day

accordance with the latest teaching of scientific truth, to schools is being brought more particularly before the

educate the sentiment of the young in favor of the strictest readers of this paper, and I wish to express my im

temperance. In the presence of the alarming dangers now pression of this work. I feel the greatest interest in

threatening the nation from the enormous consumption of

stimulants and narcotics, no suggestions that they may be the establishment and progress of these schools in

safely used should be made to the young." our Society, and with those who are called and are

The books which are recommended are “Hygienic faithfully laboring in the ministry, but after trying for years to work in the cause and finding it brings

Physiology for High Schools, by Joel Dorman Steele, darkness, and that my efforts are in vain, I have come

Ph. D.," "Hygiene for Young People, for Intermeto the conclusion not that First-day schools are

diate schools: Prepared under the direction of the

Scientific Department of the National Woman's Chriswrong, but that others are called to this work, and if they are faithful it will go on; notwithstanding that

tian Temperance Union, and endorsed by A.B. Palmer, those called to the ministry may not be able to take

M. D., LL.D.," and “The Child's Health Primer, for

Primary Schools. Prepared under the same direcan active part. We each have our allotted task. It

tion.” Several other books are enumerated in the seems strange to me that I have been tending tender plants in the nursery, that I love as my own life, and

circular, as not covered by the above endorsement,

though "embodying generally sound temperance innow they are ready to be transplanted to a wider field

struction." We do not think it needful to reproduce for more expanded growth, that I am not called to

the titles of these, and we wish to remark very exhelp to prepare for their reception; yet I hope the soil

plicitly that we give the recommendations of the cirfrom which they are taken will be moistened with love, and will not require so much pains on the part

cular without any endorsement of our own, not hav

ing examined the books, or compared them with the of the workers, as it will cleave to the little rootlets and not let them get out of place. And while I can

requirements of the law. only desire that laborers may plant and water, I know A NEW edition of a book well known to historic that God will give the increase. And though not students, but which has become very rare amongst called to take active part as superintendents or teach- ordinary readers, is issued and can be had of Friends' ers, we who are parents will surely feel that we should Book Association, 1020 Arch street. This is “New go with our children and read the Scriptures with England Judged by the Spirit of the Lord,” origin

And then her empty hands, importunate,

In prayer she lifted that the poor might live.

Sore pressed by grief, and wrongs more hard to bear,

And dwarfed and stifled by a harsh control, She kept life fragrant with good deeds and prayer,

And fresh and pure the white flower of her soul.

Death found her busy at her task; one word

Alone she uttered as she paused to die, “Silence!" —then listened even as one who heard

With song and wing the angels drawing nigh!

ally written by George Bishop, of Bristol, England, and first published in 1661. George was a captain in Cromwell's army, during the Civil War, but became a Friend through the preaching of John Camm and John Audland, at Bristol, in 1654, and this book, reciting with great force and with much fulness of detail, the hardships and sufferings of Friends in New England, is believed to have bad a powerful influence in obtaining redress. It is much referred to in the discussion of the subject, in later times, and will be found frequently cited in Richard P. Hallowell's work, "The Quaker Invasion of New England.”

The present edition is a reprint of one issued in 1703, in London, by T. Sowle, except that in some instances obsolete and archaic words and phrases bave been replaced by those of the present day. Special care has been taken to preserve the exact meaning of the author, and no part of his narrative has been omitted.” The book has been well printed by T. W. Stuckey, (for Friends who have interested themselves in the new edition), and is nicely bound in sheep. It has a place in every collection of Friends' books making claim to reasonable fulness.

Now Fra Angelico's roses fill her hands,

And, on Murillo's canvas, Want and Pain Kneel at her feet. Her marble image stands

Worshipped and crowned in Marburg's holy fane.

Yea, wheresoe'er her Church its cross uprears,

Wide as the world her story still is told; In manhood's reverence, woman's prayers and tears,

She lives again whose grave is centuries old,

And still, despite the weakness or the blame

Of blind submission to the blind, she hath A tender place in hearts of every name,

And more than Rome owns Saint Elizabeth !

A. D. 1780.
Slow ages passed: and lo! another came,

An English matron, in whose simple faith Nor priestly rule nor ritual had claim,

A plain, uncanonized Elizabeth.

The late T. S. Arthur, famous for his domestic and moral writings, was probably most jwidely known by his authorship of the temperance story, "Ten Nights in a Bar-Room." It is a graphic, indeed a dramatic, portrayal of the changes which a happy family underwent, from the day when the husband and father began to keep a new tavern, the "Sickle and Sheaf,” in Cedarville. The tale as told is of course fictitious, but the facts that it represents—the progressive misery due to intoxicating drink-are true to life, and have occurred a multitude of times. Before the author's death he had arranged with the present publishers for this new edition, which is printed from new stereotype plates, and is a handsome volume.

No sackcloth robe, nor ashen-sprinkled hair,

Nor wasting fast, nor scourge, nor vigil long, Marred her calm presence. God had made her fair,

And she could do His goodly work no wrong.

Their yoke is easy and their burden light,

Whose sole confessor is the Christ of God; Her quiet trust and faith transcending sight

Smoothed to her feet the difficult paths she trod.

From the Atlantic Monthly. THE TWO ELIZABETHS.

And there she walked, as duty bade ber go,

Safe and unsullied as a cloistered nun, Shamed with her plainness Fashion's gaudy show,

And overcame the world she did not shun.

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