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that the men's meeting underwent very similar orderly accomplished, except that the young woman changes.

who sat with them stood up at the time of the cereSome of you who only see our rugged country mony, which was not agreeable.” We observe then, occasionally, and wonder how we make a living here, by this, that it was not customary among Friends at are not surprised that so many should want to move this time for the waiters" to stand up with the couple away, to find plainer pathways and an easier exist

during the ceremony. ance. It was customary at that time for those who We find that in these olden days the meeting aphad a prospect of moving away, to get the advice of pointed a standing committee, whose duty it was to their friends by laying the matter before the meet- sit near the door, to keep the young women from going; so that changes were seldom undertaken rashly, ing out to talk during business meeting. I doubt not or without due consideration. Occasionally, however, there was also a similar committee in the men's meetone went away in her own will and wisdom, as was ing to guard the young men. the case with Sophia Haight, who went to Newport, One hundred years ago our women's meeting had R. I.; and when she wrote home asking for a re- three acknowledged ministers. Their names weremoval certificate, the meeting would not grant her Elizabeth Halstead, Sarah Walters, and Phebe request, but instead, wrote her to come home as soon Wright. And at that time when traveling was so difas she conveniently could. The record is silent as to ficult-so different from what it is now, we find that when she returned, but she evidently did take the this meeting was visited by ministering Friends from advice of the meeting and came home, for a little a distance as follows:-Mary Mitchell, of Newport, R. farther on the record shows that she and one Israel I., Mary Leggett of Saratoga, Mary Swayne and HanUnderhill propose marriage with each other, and that nah Jackson of New Garden, Pa.; and of men the marriage was satisfactorily accomplished at Friends are mentioned, Hugh Judge of Wilmington, Chappaqua, according to the order of our society. Del., and Daniel Offley of Philadelphia. Here are two familiar family names,-I wonder if any The time of which we are speaking was just after of those now present, recognize them as the names of the Revolutionary War, when the people were all in their ancestors ?

more or less straitened circumstances; situated as There is a great charm in reading on these pages, they were here, just between the lines, and plunyellow with age, the names and works of our grand- | dered alike by the British forces on the south, and mothers, our great-grandmothers, and even our great- the Americans on the north ; but yet we find from the great-grandmothers, if we happen to be so fortunate Treasurer's report, that the committee having charge as to recognize their names when we see them. For of the poor would spend five or six pounds several instance, I find on the first page that my great-great- times a year in their relief; and I doubt not that the grandmother asks for a removal certificate, recom- men's meeting spent much more. On Twelfth month mending her to Saratoga Monthly Meeting. We are 12th, 1793, they report paying £10 7s. to the men's not to suppose that it was any prospect of gayety or committee, to be forwarded to the yellow fever suffersociety-life there which attracted her and her family ers of Philadelphia. This is unmistakable evidence so far away, one hundred years ago.

of large-heartedness, and truly Christian generosity. We find that during these twelve years there were By the answers to the queries, we find that no accomplished fifty-four marriages according to the dis- member of this meeting held slaves; and that fact cipline, beside a large number accomplished by the brings up feelings and reflections which are very gratassistance of a magistrate, or a priest. At the time of ifying. which we are speaking, it will be borne in mind that In review it would seem that the Friends of one the term priest signified a minister of any other de- hundred years ago, labored to do their duty earnestly nomination. Of course each one who married not in

and unswervingly. Perhaps now and then their accordance with the discipline, or who married one course seems severe to us of a milder age, but each not fa member of the meeting, was an offender, and generation must be the judge of its own time. her case received the particular attention of the meet

J. C. PIERCE. ing: a committee was appointed to visit her, and un

Chappaqua, Eighth month 8th, 1885. less she gave satisfaction in the most humble and penitent spirit, she was disowned.

CHAPPAQUA. During the twelve years under review, there are recorded forty-eight cases which came up for disown

Eighth month Sth, 1885. ment. Most of these cases were for marrying not ac- SW

WEET morning fair, and sweet the air,-Nature's recording to discipline; one for speaking an untruth,

pose profound, and a few for more reprehensible departures.

As 'mid the hills of Chappaqua a kindred band is foundIt is continually evident that Friends in those days

A multitude is gathered from homes afar and near,

From train and winding roadway, the embassies appear. were very strict in their adherence to the discipline

A hospitable welcome under embowering trees, in every particular. To illustrate how slight a vari

(This pleasant "nook of greenery” is sentineled by ation from the old established custom would be no

these), ticed and reported to the meeting, I will quote the

Dispensed in royal fashion, and the social hour is spedreport of the committee appointed to attend the mar

The ample baskets emptied, and the multitude is fed. riage of John Fowler and Mary Quinby, which oc

The pauses in the busy hum, tho' no signal bell intrudes, curred in Tenth month 1786. The committee report Lengthen and deepen gently to thoughtful interludes, “that they attended the marriage and that it was Insensibly, with graver mien, the hum of voices ends,

In patient bearing of our cross whatever that may be.
The artist's paint upon the plaque, baptism of the fire
Must suffer, ere the golden band of beauty can transpire.
0, thus by life's stern discipline must be the aureole won,
With saintly “charity for all-with malice unto none."
True to their lesson we may leave a worthy page behind,
Extending still their service in our service to mankind.

And the old historic meeting-house invites the "friendly"

Friends. Fathers and Elders of the church, mothers upon whose

face, The “dove sits brooding visibly," touching to saintly

graceThe strong in years, fair youth and maid, and happy child

hood there, With one according spirit feel the sacred hour of prayer. Thro’ open sash and doorway and filling all the space, Flows the cool breath of the mountain, into the peaceful

place. Fresh and restful all the influence, e'en the hard, graceless

slab Invites to quiet comfort in the newly cushioned drab. Neat and sweet the plain interior, tho' it needs must be

confessed, The "Modern Painters ” have been honored, as the panels

all attest.

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We gather with the reverent throng in silence met, to raise Unto the heavenly Father a centennial hymn of praise. The words are read, an offering said, the record of the past Unrolled, and lo, a hundred years, bebind us lie at last! Quaint and olden are the pages but fresh with sweet

amendsThe fragrance of the righteous lives of these ancestral

Friends : As beautiful upon these hills the coming of their feet, As in spirit thro’ the letter to-clay with us they meet. Bend low the sweet, glad heavens, while at the ancient

While we bless the sweet occasion, we recall the thought of

him Whose spirit mingled with us in that grand centennial

hymnWho crowned with benediction in which soverign wisdom

blends With words of tender caution, this peace congress of the

FriendsWhom we saw in loving vision as the message sweet was read, With the white resplendent pinions above that reverend

head, And we lift our hearts in gratitude unto the Father's throne, And register, with these dear friends, a white, memorial



These friendly forms we welcome in, where once they

stood before. Not shadows dim of perfect saints, but people such as we, With errors, sorrows, joys and tears of frail humanity, Yet strong and bold of spirit for their “testimonies'" sake, And for the everlasting truth self-sacrifice to make. Faithful to fresh revealings, unto themselves a law, They broke the yoke, seeing the wrong the righteous Wool

man saw, (Such ensign, not a christian church had dreamed of, ere


For Friends' Intelligencer and Journal.


And blotting out the evil things, their stainless raiment WHY do Friends bear a testimony for silent wor


Be glad ye sons and daughters that such have lived and

Ever a worthy ancestry must be a people's pride,
Hold fast the rich inheritance, the lesson of their lives,
In characters illumined, for you, for all survives.

The “light” that up the steep ascents shone for our "early


ship, when assembling themselves together, and reject all pre-arranged service ? Because the light of the Sun of Righteousness that only sheds its effulgence upon the heart of man, has evidenced unto him that in the silence of the “hour" is the most favorable opportunity afforded for direct communication with God, the substance of all true worship. A failure to recognize this spirit of Christ through patient waiting, for ability to perform true spiritual worship, will have a powerful tendency to carry the society rearward to the rudiments of the world, to a condition of “lukewarmness and cold formality,” out from whence our forefathers were mercifully redeemed. In all ages, a covenant with God, agreeable to the precepts of the prophets, has been that silent waiting upon the Lord was the only essential for the renewal of spiritual strength. The intercession and practice of vocal exercise in meetings for worship tends to dispel the power in silent worship, with the view that meeting together to "watch one hour" in the silence and presence of the Divine Father, cannot be in spirit and in truth unless some vocal exercise be heard. To adopt such measures as a part of worship, would it not seem to be a lapsing

Friends," On paths made smoother by their feet, for us safe guidance

lends. The trial scenes, the test they bore, we know not of to-day, Since prison-bar and dungeon-bolt are haply rent away. But in these times called common-place, and in each daily


We too may make heroic the struggle and the strife.
O not upon their fair renown seek we a drugged repose,
Speak to my people" everywhere, forth still the message

goes, “ That they move forward, journeying, obedient alway To the beart-voice-our lives not theirs, we live to-day. Low rest the heroes of the past—we may not think their

thought, Yet in the spirit of their work may be our action brought, In loyalty to truth and right “as 'tis given us to see

into, or nearing a state of relinquishment of that of our own Society, but in all philanthropic labors very important and vital testimony, “the immedi- throughout the world. ate teaching of the Holy Spirit ?” May we not fear That ainid so much diversity of sentiment our that such introductions will ultimately lead to a less late Yearly Meeting should have been a season of so dependence upon the fresh openings of the spirit of great harmony, is conclusive evidence that all are Christ in the heart, and ere we are aware, the foun- | acting under the influence of the same divine spirit; dation of our Christian compact be shattered, and and that this shaking among the dry bones of our mark us a degenerate vine? None can worship the valley has been produced by the hearing of the word , Father acceptably, except they enter into the closet ef the Lord. of the heart, and close the door, and there “be still “All are but parts of one stupendous whole," and and know that I am God.” “I waited patiently for as each part performs willingly and faithfully its ofthe Lord and HE inclined unto me and heard my fice, “with firmness in the right as God gives us to cry.” No, nothing short of these undisturbed silent see the right," these bones shall yet live, and stand meetings will ease the seeking mind, or satisfy the upon their feet, an exceeding great army, in the decravings of an immortal spirit truly athirst for the fence of those heaven-born principles which the Soliving spring which the Saviour told the woman of ciety of Friends has ever striven to maintain. Samaria should“ be in her a well of water springing

L. W. H. up into eternal life.” And there is but one way by Norristown, Pa., Eighth month 25th. which this spring may be reached and that is through self-examination and obedience to the cross of Christ.

For Friends' Intelligencer and Journal. But let all who drink of the waters of life fill their

SILENT SPIRITUAL WORSHIP. measure with that love that knows no limit, and by precept and example extend unto the honest and I HAVE been impressed with an article in this paper

of Eighth month 15th, over the signature of “H. CHAS. A. LUKENS.

A. P.” in reference to “Exercises in our Religious Hoopeston, Ill., Eighth month 22d.

Meetings," and of “adhering to the customs of the

past." The views therein presented are in consoFor Friends' Intelligencer and Journal.

nance with some other articles of latter times in fa

vor of having some exercises in our religious meetCAN THESE BONES LIVE?

ings, where there is no vocal ministry. THE THE article entitled " A Symbol from Ezekiel,” in I have regretted to see these, feeling it is striking

the INTELLIGENCER AND JOURNAL of Eighth at the ground of our testimony to a silent spiritual month 22d, has arrested my attention. For as one worship, which has been one of the most vital princito whom the command—“Do the duty that lies near- ples ever held by the Society of Friends. We assemest thee” comes with literal and almost constant sig-ble in our meetings in public acknowledgment of nificance, I watch, from amid the surroundings of the goodness of God, and for the professed purpose home, the progress of the cause of truth, as reports of of offering worship to Him, and in order to perform different laborers in that cause reach me through the the latter there must be a preparation of heart, and medium of the printing press; and in no one of these, this is only to be known as the thoughts are turned perhaps, have I been more interested than in the inward and centered upon Him,-waiting in silence new life that has been manifested in our religious for the manifestation of His Holy Spirit, which, as society during the past few years.

it arises in the soul refreshes and strengthens it, and In the contemplation of these things I too have enables it to offer acceptable worship. Under this been frequently strengthened and encouraged by the feeling there is the acknowledgement that it is good prophesy contained in the 37th chapter of Ezekiel ; to meet together, although no vocal word has been and learning that another mind has been similarly offered, for the “minister of ministers has been in impressed, I feel constrained to record a few of my the midst." own thoughts upon the same subject. That we may I have feared of latter times that this is being too be favored to move fast enough, and not too fast, in much lost sight of, even by our own members, many these, our well-meant efforts, relying implicitly upon who have not yet come to fully understand what silent our unerring Guide, is my earnest and constant worship is. When assembled there is too much lookprayer; hence the communications of both radical

ing for words, or something whereby to be interested and conservative Friends upon this subject are of or entertained, without themselves, and when ministers equal interest to me, believing, as I do, that the same are present there is an expectancy to hear what may sincere and earnest desire for the promotion of prac- be said which takes away from the soul being centered tical Christianity, actuates both elements alike. upon God. Hence they fail to find that which gives Among the latter class are mostly to be found our life and strength, and they go away from the place of more elderly Friends, calling us home to the one worship feeling no good has been attained, and beeternal source of light and life, and bidding us be- come discouraged, and often lose their interest thereware lest our zeal outrun our understanding.

in. On the other hand are our middle-aged and However good a true gospel ministry may be, and younger members, who, believing that " new occa- helpful for the time and occasion in which it is delivsions teach new duties are earnest in the advance. ered, the same sermon, read in another meeting, may ment of Christ's kingdom, not only within the pale have no place and may have lost its unction, and thus



be only as any other “interesting” document, which them, whom they have crucified, to be raised, and to might he read, and be of no vital value in a Friends' justify them, and redeem them from their iniquities; meeting. I therefore cannot unite with these being hence, they say, we deny the life, death, and sufferread therein, but believe they may be interesting ings of Christ, justification by his blood, and remisand profitable in the home circle, or when gathered sion of sins through him." for social or instructive opportunities. In conclusion Of our members who have never been under the I revive the declaration of Holy Writ which has ever church influence, many are unable to give a been a prominent one held by the Society of Friends for the faith that is in them," and when they are in their meetings : “They that wait upon the Lord, asked by members of their own denominations what shall renew their strength.”

H. M. L. the belief of Friends is, or why they hold certain

views, they are unable to give an intelligible answer. THE GROUND OF OUR SCRIPTURE STUDY. While this state of things exists in a large part of our [In answer to a request for a concise statement of the

body it cannot be expected that inquiring minds will ground of scripture study in the First-day schools of

be satisfied with it, or that others not of our fold will

be attracted to us. Friends, the following has been prepared by a teacher of experience, whose activity and earnestness in the work We hold certain fundamental principles without give his view weight.-EDS.]

which a person cannot truly claim to be a Friend; HE reasons for teaching the scriptural basis of the

preëminently the guidance of the light and the suprinciples and testimonies of Friends have so

periority of the spirit over the letter, therefore why strongly impressed themselves upon some of our

not strengthen our position among our children and members that we deem it proper to present some of

others, by showing clearly that Jesus and the early them for the consideration of Friends in general.

Friends taught exactly the same views that we now

hold, There is a large class of young people among us, both members and professors, who attend more or less

Wbile Friends were zealous and active in spreadfrequently the services of the various churches in the

ing their views, both from the gallery and in printed vicinity of their homes, and there hear eloquently

books, they grew in strength and influence, and it is and earnestly advocated the doctrines of such denom

only since they have ceased to call the attention of inations. The prominent tenets of the evangelical

people to the great fact that Jesus Christ is the acchurches, so-called.-Original Sin, The Trinity, The

knowledged head of our meeting, that we hear of a

decline. Vicarious Atonement, The Vengeance of an Offended God, and various other themes are graphically

Friends are as nearly united in doctrinal views portrayed, and the “utterly lost ” condition of those

now as they were in the days of Penn and Barclay, who do not accept these views is feelingly declared,

and our belief is so clearly defined that it is high and texts of Scripture are quoted in confirmation

time for us to awake and hold our light before the

world. thereof. Strony impressions are thus made upon these young minds, and they are led to believe that such are the teachings of the meek and lowly RELIGION is living all the truth we possess.-BrisJesus.

tol. Before the First-day schools were established, our young members—especially in the towns and cities~

USE the temporal, desire the eternal.-- Thomas à were carried off in large numbers and made to swell

Kempis. the membership of the churches, because they had

A MORE glorious victory cannot be gained over not been impressed with the truth that Friends are,

another man than this,—that, when the injury began in fact, the real followers of the great Pattern; that

on his part, the kindness should begin on ours.-Tiltheir views are in accord with those taught by Him,

lotson. and that the best exposition of Friends' principles is that set forth in the words and deeds of Jesus Christ

In the nature of things a permanent newspaper himself.

cannot be made. It must grow from small beginnings. While Friends are willing that their principles

It must have its tap-root planted in some real need, may receive the closest scrutiny, in comparison with

and draw its inspiration from some great convictions. those of our blessed Example, our young people are made to believe that they are in exact opposition

"THERE is many a joy in the path of life thereto.

If we would but stop to find it." In the language of Robert Barclay, “Because we tell people that it is the light and law within, and not

“The soul that walks with God upon the heights the letter without, that can truly tell them of their

Hath secrets voiceless to the alien ear; condition, and lead them out of all evil; hence they

To him who is of God, the things of God are clear. say, we vilify the Scriptures, and set up our own im

-Mary W. Plummer. agination as above them. Because we tell them, that it is not their talking or believing of Christ's outward

TEACH me to live! no idler let me be, life, sufferings, death, and resurrection, no more than

But in thy service hand and heart employ: the Jews crying 'the temple of the Lord, the temple

Prepared to do thy bidding cheerfully, of the Lord,' that will serve their turn, or justify them

Be this my highest and my holiest joy. in the sight of God; but that they must know Christin



IN all of the vast industries in which mankind are

flame that would cheer and brighten many a dull INTELLIGENCER AND JOURNAL.

corner of our heritage. HOWARD M. JENKINS, Managing Editor.

If all who now faithfully perform the services of our meetings fully realized that herein lies a weak

ness and see to it that the work is divided, or create HELEN G. LONGSTRETH.


new avenues of labor for the benefit of others, much SUSAN ROBERTS.


good would result. The “whitened fields" of sorrow

and wrong-doing still cry out for more laborers, and PHILADELPHIA, NINTH MONTH 12, 1885. the "little children” still come, to be taught to fol

low in the true path, and are too often “forbidden."

What we need is a gathering together for our comTRAINING FOR SERVICE.

mon good, all ready to sink self, and to work, with N

those who are qualified to give, these trusting the hands engaged the world over, those who perform the

that are ready to receive. Then will the work of rework therein are trained in some practical way for

building, if pursued in conformity with Divine law, the service. The professional man, the merchant,

go forward to His honor who in all ages and forever, the farmer the trader, each at the head of his own

will draw near to His dependent children when they business, desiring it to be successful and continuous,

seek to be guided by His unerring spirit. sees to it that there are those employed, and being well trained in the necessary labor of conducting this

THE JEWISH CHRISTIANS OF RUSSIA. business to be ready to succeed him, and those near to him, when the inevitable changes of life come.

WE find in a late number of The Independent, some inEvery wise mother of a household judiciously teresting details of a religious movement, in the directrains the daughter step by step in all the mysteries tion of Christianity, among the Jews of Southern of housekeeping till she is able to take that mother's Russia, under the leadership of Joseph Rabinowitz of place and relieve her of care, or goes forth well Kischneff, who is said to be “a learned and pious equipped to take charge of a home of her own. Even lawyer." The adherents “ are as yet comparatively the Indian woman, knowing her child is doomed to a few in number." The official documents of this sect life of toil, begins little by little to place burdens upon or body have been published in Hebrew and German. it, till it at length becomes able to bear the inevitable The statement of their position and prospects is conweight.

tained in thirteen theses, which have been transWe can all see the wisdom of this in the busi- lated and are given in connection with the account ness affairs of life and recognize in it a vital prin- of the organization. The first reads as follows: "The ciple. Why then do we not apply it to the business present moral and material condition of the Israelmeetings of our religious society ? Failure in this re- itish brethren in Russia is a decayed, disordered and spect is one of the causes for the lack of interest discouraged one.” The 6th declares “ The material manifested by so many of our members in the busi- condition of the Jews cannot be improved, unless it ness affairs and the perpetuity of our organization. is preceded by an improvement of the moral and They feel that in this they have no lot or part. That spiritual status of the people.” “meeting work” is for the few, and they come to The 8th: “In order to attain such a regeneration regard these few as peculiarly called, when all should we need a helper, a physician, whose person and feel it a blessed privilege to maintain a society whose medicine have been found reliable." The 10th: “The rise and continuance has been a blessing to mankind. man who unites within himself all these characterAnd if its members are still faithful to the simplicity istics ” [enumerated in the two previous propositions] of its belief, simplicity of worship and simplicity of we have, after a thorough examination of all the living, not only will its present testimonies be upheld, books of the history of our people, the children of but new ones will be given us the bearing of which Israel, found in the one Jesus of Nazareth, who was will bless the world and those who bear them.

killed at Jerusalem before the destruction of the last That this want of training to service in the church temple." is felt, is evident from recent confessions by luke- The 13th and last is one in which all who are conwarm members, and we can see where errors have cerned for the spread of truth and righteousness in been made in not dividing the work so as to share it the world can heartily unite, It reads: “We confiwith as many as possible. Too often we have been dently hope that the words of our brother Jesus, slow to see that beneath an unpromising exterior which aforetime were spoken to our Israelitish breththere dwells a spark that if quickened into life by the ren in justice, love, and mercy, may take root in our touch of love and some active work, kindles to a hearts, and may bring to us the fruit of righteousness

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