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ledge, with elegant flowers lifting up their chalices proach much nearer the river brink than these fig. toward the clouds and the sunshine, with a fountain ures indicate. mimicking the shower and ascending in perpetual as- The fair sunshine has been replaced by a cloud piration heavenward. At our feet, hedging in this canopy, and we welcome the returning train as it place of sublime beauty, is the famous Buckthorn comes gliding back to us, and we resume our seats for Wall, which is a work of such excellence and perfect- the return. ness as to compare favorably with the best work We have enjoyed what they call the most noted of its kind which man has done anywhere.

and admired view that can be had from any known Men my brothers, men the workers,

point in the Alleghany range. But we cannot call it Ever reaping something new,

so, having known the indescribable glories of the Things they have done are but earnest

summit of Roan-the veritable “ Cloudland." We Of the things they yet shall do."

reach home as the heavy rain bursts upon the I believe the circumstances are these. There was

Glades. The earth darkens-in an hour or two the no foothold here in this sublime place, and the engi- warmth of genial summer is gone-the thermometer neer felt in himself a power to raise up a secure plat- sinks more than twenty degrees—warmest garments form from the deeps upon which the vast traffic of come into requisition, and I feel that my summer in the B. and 0. may pass safely through the heart of the Alleghanies is about ended. The talks about the the Alleghanies. The only other way was to hew a bright evening fireside, the genial interchange of passage through the stern, massive crystalline rock thought with fellow-pilgrims of the mountain sancwhich rises behind us to the very heavens. This tuaries, the harmless pastimes and merry-making of was the more difficult feat as the land lay. Then our beautiful wayside inn, the wit and feeling develworkmen found their way to the bed of the Cheat. oped by the friction of so much fine metal are all atThe dense forest growth was hewn away; massive tractive yet, but other attractions are yet stronger stone was hewn into form and the blocks were fitted and prevail.

S. R. to their rock bed and to each other, and up the pre- Deer Park Hotel, Eighth mo. 30. cipitous mountain a noble wall was reared, and a sufficient platform was secured at the desired altitude.

For Friends' Intelligencer and Journal. It was finished at the top with a layer of massive blocks of granite, I think, with a great square chan

NOTES FROM NANTUCKET.-II. nel beneath, which gives ample vent to the moun- THE quietness of this place is seldom disturbed by tain brook which must leap adown the steep. Then

events of general interest. The little Orthodox the intervening spaces were filled up to a general Friends' Meeting of which I spoke in a former letter level to a breadth of perhaps one hundred feet, and continues to be larger by reason of the influx of sumall things made neat and secure. The steel tracks mer visitors. On First-day, the 9th inst., Hepsabeth are laid, the iron horse snorts along its safe roadway. C. Hussey began her discourse with the first verse of The fountain sends up its silver thread toward the the forty-first chapter of Isaiah : Keep silence befar sunbeams, elegant and brilliant flowers have se- fore me, O islands; and let the people renew their cured a dwelling-place beside the tracks. We de-strength; let them come near; then let them speak." scend here, and our train runs away and leaves us She continued by describing the two kinds of silence; upon this safe shelf for an hour. A footpath leads one when men meditate upon schemes of pleasure, beside the brook into the forest depths whence it profit or aggrandizement, and another in which they springs. A short walk takes us to the presence of a wait upon the Lord, and thus renew their strength. sweet waterfall, and onward to a glen of darkling Speaking of the Scriptures, she said that although beauty, in which the fair sunflowers of the high Friends believed them to have been given by inspirplaces were blooming in pale, luxuriant beauty. Plen- ation to holy men of old, and wonderfully preserved ty of floral treasures enrich the hands of the maidens through the ages since, they have never felt at liberty who emerge from the secret chamber of the forest. to call them “the word of God," since the Scriptures We stand for awhile in quiet enthusiasm in contem- themselves declare that "in the beginning was the plation of the noble scenery from this grand vantage- Word, and the Word was with God and the Word was ground. The mountain opposite in the middle

God. *

And the Word was made flesh and ground is lofty and symmetrical, and densely clad dwelt among us, and we beheld his glory, the glory with forest from foot to crown. Its unbroken and as of the only-begotten of the Father, full of grace and sacred silence and calm is in strong contrast with the truth." busy stir and roar of passing trains on this artificial One week later, on the 16th inst., the meeting was platform of wall and garden on which we stand-and silent. There were thirty-four persons present. Yesthe moments here are precious.

terday, Hepsabeth C. Hussey delivered a discourse on The pure waters come on from the little cataract the grounds of Friends' adherence to a free gospel back in the dark glen, find their safe, strong-walled ministry and their reasons for not joining in the reculvert under the roadway, and trickle down from it ligious exercises of other denominations. The meetto the Cheat below, causing the inquiry “ How far ? ing was somewhat smaller than on the previous FirstThe Buckthorn wall extends on the top several hun- day. dred feet, and to the depth of more than one hundred A notable recent event has been the visit of Fred. feet. To the water level some 100 feet are claimed. erick Douglass and his wife to this island. Forty-four But this I do not credit as the wall seems to ap- years ago, on Eighth month 11th, 1841, he made his

*

first appearance before a white audience here. He was States navy during the war and served on the Pensahere two years afterward, and then did not see the cola, which passed Forts Jackson and St.Philip at the island again until the 15th of the present month. taking of New Orleans, just behind the Hartford, AdWhat a mighty change have these forty-four years miral Farragut's flagship. His description of the brought with them! In 1841, the propriety of asking battle, given during a recent ride, was marked by the a colored man to appear as a speaker at a meeting was intelligence and exactness for which Nantucket men doubted; he had been refused a hearing in several are noted, corresponding nearly exactly with an acother places, and the meeting was of importance more count of this battle recently given in The Century. At as Nantucket's testimony in favor of free speech than 'Sconset lives Captain John Pitman and his wife as her protest against slavery, many taking part in Sarah, the former a typical “ whaler" and the latter it who were not yet entirely convinced of the wisdom a Folger, a descendant of Peter Folger, one of the of the movement against slavery, but who were de- eight original proprietors of this island, and therefore termined that, whatever might be done in other places, of the same blood with Benjamin Franklin and LuNantucket should have free speech upon her shores.

cretia Mott. John Pitman was born in 1799, went To-day, the once despised slave is a man whom all on his first voyage when twelve years old, and folesteem honorable: it is not too much to say that his lowed the sea for forty years, going the last three visit to this island has been a triumphal progress, in voyages as captain of a fine sbip. During one of which young and old,-old Abolitionists and modern these voyages there was a mutiny on board which he Republicans, -have vied with each other in showing promptly quelled. Now he and his wife live in peace, him and his wife courteous attention. On the even- intelligent, gentle, courteous, and very glad to see the ing of First-day, the 16th, he spoke to an audience visitors that come to the peaceful village. which packed the Unitarian Church, the largest build- Among recent visitors here has been a party of ing of the sort here. Beginning with his lecture on Orthodox Friends from Philadelphia, among whom “William the Silent,” he laid aside bis manuscript were Thomas and James McCollin, Thomas Woolwhen he thought that the audience, already fatigued man and his two nieces, Anna and Mary Woolman, with the preliminary religious exercises and many of principal and assistant teacher of the Friends' (O.) them with standing, would like to hear of other mat- Select School. Dillwyn Parrish and George Robbins ters, and gave a "talk” upon the causes that led up to

are here now.

M. G. the war, the conduct of the people and public men

Nantucket, Mass., Eighth month 24th. during that struggle, and the present condition and prospects of the people of the South, especially of the colored race there. It is scarcely necessary to tell

NEWS OF FRIENDS. those who have heard Frederick Douglass that all this was adorned with exquisite wit and pathos, and

BUCKS QUARTERLY MEETING.

IIS was held at Falls, on Eighth month 27th, and will not be forgotten.

was well attended by members. The house was The trip made by Frederick and Helen Douglass not quite full up stairs, as many, (not members), who to Siasconset, the quaint little fishing village on the frequently attend, had gone to the 175th anniversary eastern coast, now inhabited by summer pleasure of the Dutch Reformed Church of North and Southseekers, was notable for the warm welcome accorded ampton, and to one or two other meetings in the them by many there, especially old friends from New vicinity held that day. York State. Among the well known people who thus Quite a number of Friends from the neighboring welcomed them were Charles E. Fitch, editor of the Quarters of Abington, Burlington, Haddonfield and Rochester, N. Y., Democrat and Chronicle, one of the Philadelphia were present, and several of them apbest known papers in that State outside of the city of peared in the ministry, including some of the mem. New York, and Prof. Moses Coit Tyler, of Ann Arbor bers of the Yearly Meeting's Committee, who have University, Michigan. On the evening of Fifth-day, recently visited the constituent meetings of Bucks the 20th inst., a large reception was given them by S. Quarter to such general satisfaction. It is thought H. and Charlotte A. J. Mann, assisted by Anna Gard- that some of the results of that visit were visible in ner-all old Abolition friends of Frederick Douglass, this meeting, as a number were present as representaand the last named the caller of the historical meet- tives whose names are not usually heard. There ing of Eighth month 11th, 1841.

were ten or more sermons and vocal prayers, and it These particulars are given not as personal news was an interesting and satisfactory meeting. of a flattering sort, but as furnishing evidence that About half-past twelve the partition was closed, race prejudice is passing away in this country, that and the usual queries answered. The report of the the men and women of the present generation are committee appointed at last Quarter to take into learning to value manhood and womanhood them- consideration the proposition from Wrightstown to lay selves, apart from accidents of birth.

down all the week-day meetings there, except that on One of the most interesting employments here is monthly meeting day, was read. It was favorable to the study of human nature; the visitor can scarcely granting the request, but the Quarterly Meeting was turn around in Nantucket without meeting a" charac- not ready to unite with it, and after the expression ter.” For example, the driver of one of the carriages of much interest and sympathy, it was decided by is an old seaman, who, after following this employ- men Friends to lay the matter over for future conment for a number of years, enlisted in the United sideration, and on reporting that result to the

given forth in that wonderful voice which, once heard, THIS

that "

" Who

women's meeting, it was found that they had already Elijah F. Pennypacker spoke very earnestly of the come to the same conclusion.

necessity of living up to principle, and doing the very The subject of having the word “men” inserted

best we can. Martha D. Hough and Ellen L. Thomas in the minutes of the meeting was introduced, and read interesting articles. fully united with and accordingly done. It seems Isaac Roberts of Norristown made a strong appeal strange that this quarterly meeting should be held that we should all work for the absent and the errfor more than two hundred years without the phrase ing. Amos Jackson and Benjamin Leeds addressed men friends"

ever before having been used, to the meeting distinguish it from women's meeting.

NOTES.

--Our friend Jonathan W. Plummer, of Chicago, NOTTINGHAM QUARTERLY MEETING.

writes on the 24th ultimo, from Springboro', Ohio, This was held at Nottingham, Cecil county, Md., on

where he had gone for rest and medical advice, and Sixth day, Eighth month 28th. In the meeting for

mentions in regard to the scattered Western Friends, worship the speakers were James Scott, William Way,

our friend Edward Coale has a prospect of John Marshall, Elam Kinsey, and Anna Reynolds.

visiting the meetings or groups named in my letter, Anne S. Clothier offered prayer. James Scott said

[elsewhere printed]immediately after Illinois Yearly that God never made but one covenant with man:

Meeting; much to my satisfaction, as a succession of "Obey, and thy soul shall live;" which covenant is

visits not too widely separated is strengthening. My the same now and forever. John Marshall's subject was: “Peace on earth, and good will to men,” and

own prospect is to return home this week.”

-At Race street, (Philadelphia), meeting on Firstthe universality of the love of God. William Way

day, the 30th ult., Abigail R. Paul, of Salem, N. J., quoted the question of the disciple to Jesus:

and Wm. G. Barker, of Rochester, N. Y., were presis greatest in the kingdom of heaven ?" and the answer of the blessed Master: “Whosoever shall hum

ent and spoke. At the religious meeting in the afterble bimself as this little child, the same is the greatest

noon, at the Home for Aged and Infirm Colored Perin the kingdom of heaven.” Elam Kinsey said that

sons, there were nine communications and two praythe Apostle Peter, although a preacher of righteous

ers, by eight persons: Hannah Arnett, (an Irish

Friend, formerly of Waynesville, O.); James Dixon, ness, had the idea that only to a few, is salvation offered. He afterwards found that “God is no re

of Philadelpbia; Thos. W. Stuckey, Mary Nicholson,

Peter Smedley, of Darby, Abigail R. Paul, Wm. G. Barspector of persons." Truth is truth wherever found.

ker, of Rochester, and Wm. Tatum. The attendance In the meetings for business the answers to the

was not quite so large as usual as the weather seemed queries were all read, preparatory to the assembling

uncertain. of the Yearly Meeting, Nottingham belonging to Baltimore. The Third Query does not contain the word

-The meeting at Atlantic City, N.J., at the cottage "sleeping," as Philadelphia discipline does, it having

of Elizabeth Newport, on Pacific avenue, has been been expunged. The Third Query was answered that

regularly held on First-day mornings, throughout Friends are generally careful with respect to “true”

the summer, and will be continued as late as there plainness and simplicity, which was represented as

are Friends in the place interested to attend. On consisting not of any particular fashion or style of de

First-day last, about twenty-five were present, to portment, speech or apparel; and respecting corrupt

whom Lydia H. Price acceptably spoke. The attendlanguage, the phrase “ of the world” is omitted. ance during the summer has been from twenty to The answers to the Fourth Query say that our tes

thirty, and on one or two days as high as forty. timony against intoxicating drink is maintained,

Lydia H. Price, Phebe W. Foulke, David Newport, with few exceptions; and that many Friends dis

and Dr. Mary H. Heald, of Wilmington, have been courage the cultivation and use of tobacco. The among those who spoke at different times. There is Sixth Query respecting a "free gospel ministry, rest

little doubt that with a more general effort, and an ining upon divine qualifications alone,” (the word

crease of faithfulness, a large meeting of Friends could ‘hireling," not being used), was answered favorably.

be maintained at Atlantic City during at least four months, and a smaller one throughout the year.

TEMPERANCE CONFERENCE AT THE VALLEY.

COMMUNICATIONS.

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THE Conference under the care of the Philadelphia Quarterly Meeting Committee, held at the Valley, Eighth month 30th, was the largest that has been held in that house. Henry T. Child exhibited his charts illustrating the effect of alcohol on the human system. He dwelt especially upon the nervous system, which is the highest and most perfect material organization that the Creator has made. It is the connecting link between mind, or soul, and matter, and upon its perfection and integrity depends the character of our work. He showed how alcohol tends to paralyze and destroy the wonderful working of this system.

HIRELINGMINISTRY.
Editors INTELLIGENCER AND JOURNAL.
IN
N reply to Geo. Justice, on “The Question of an
Hireling Ministry," I would like to say I

agree with him that we have a testimony to bear against a paid ministry, but, I conceive a vast difference in the terms" paid ministry" and "hireling ministry" if we accept the definition of "hireling," as understood by the founder of our society, for in Janney's “Life of Geo. Fox," we find," he that is a stranger to Christ is an hireling; but, the servants of Christ are freemen.” Now, by what right, can we call a man an hireling,"

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who spends his whole time in the service of the church, and receives in return sufficient to provide

LAST WORDS. for the wants of himself and family, if he be living up D

EAR hearts, whose love has been so sweet to know,

, to the light that is given him?

That I am looking backward as I go,
ANNA K. WAY.

Am lingering while I haste, and in this rain
Philadelphia, Eighth month 28th.

Of tears of joy are mingled tears of pain,

Do not adorn with costly shrub, or tree, EDITORS INTELLIGENCER AND JOURNAL:

Or flowers, the little grave that shelters me. Much of the doubt in many minds in regard to the

Let the wild, wind-sown seeds grow up unharmed, subject of“hireling ministry” I think may be re- And back and forth all Summer, unalarmed, moved by what Geo. Fox said, viz: “He that is a Let all the tiny, busy creatures creep; stranger to Christ, is a hireling: but the servants of Let all the sweet grass its last year's tangles keep; Jesus Christ are freemen.” (Sewell's History, Chap. And when, remembering me, you come some day II., page 65.)

And stand there, speak no praise, but only say,
SAMUEL CONARD.

How she loved us! It was for that she was so dear!

These are the the only words that I shall smile to hear. ORTHODOX FRIENDS.

-Helen Hunt Jackson. a items describing “a monster Quaker pic-nic"

THE STRENGTH OF THE HILLS. at Coutant's Grove, in Ulster county, N. Y., on the 20th ult. There were, it is stated, eight thousand

With its low roof gloping down to the east, persons present, and people came in droves from Ul

And its garden fragrant with roses and thyme, ster, Orange, Greene and Dutchess counties. The

That blossom no longer, except in rhyme, ; Sabbath-school children sang songs, which were vo

Where the honey-bees used to feast. ciferously applauded; there was

a service of song,

Afar in the west the great hills rose, conducted by Frank Pierce; there was an address

Silent and steadfast and gloomy and gray: by Adelbert Wood, “pastor of the Friends' Church,"

I thought they were giants, and doomed to keep and there were other exercises, which, as a Brooklyn

Their watch, while the world should wake or sleep, newspaper, from which we are quoting, remarks,

Till the trumpet should sound on the judgment seems strange to one whose ideas of Quakerism are

da.. founded upon his recollection of the Friends of half

I used to wonder of what they dreamed, a century ago. The same paper concludes by remark

As they brooded there in their silent might, ing that "the essential spirit of the sect must have

While March wind smote them, or June rain fell, greatly changed when it resorts to practices against

Or the snows of winter their ghostly spell which testimonies in an unbroken line have been

Wrought in the long and lonesome night. borne by its representative ministers from the days

They remembered a younger world than ours, of George Fox and Robert Barclay down. If it has

Before the trees on their top were born, outgrown its objections to the methods of other relig

When the old brown house was itself a tree, ious bodies, it is difficult to see what reason it has for

And waste were the fields where now you see maintaining its separate organization.”

The winds astir in the tasseled corn.

My thoughts go bome to that old brown house,

And I was as young as the hills were old,

And the world was warm with the breath of Spring,
And the roses red and the lilies white,
Budded and bloomed for my heart's delight,

And the birds in my heart began to sing.
But calm in the distance the great hills rose,

Deaf unto raptures and dumb unto pain,
Since they knew that Joy is the mother of Grief,
And remembered a butterfly's life is brief,

And the sun sets only to rise again.

In his letter to the British Friend, from which we quoted two weeks ago, Benjamin W. Wood, of Toronto, who seems to be an earnest, and would doubtless prefer to be a fair man, introduces his statements with the preliminary one that “there are now in Canada two Yearly Meetings of Friends, besides the Hicksites.” If our friend had said that “there are three including the Hicksites,” he would have made a more graceful confession, certainly, and if he had been willing to carry the Christian practice even a little farther, so as to have said that “there are three, including the body commonly known as Hicksites," he would have come so near to a courteous statement of the truth, as to leave no room for criticism or remark. It may be presumed that he could not candidly say that the so-called “Hicksites" were less “Friends” than the body of which he writes to complain on account of their departure from Friendly principles and practice, yet he includes the latter in the designation“ two Yearly Meetings of Friends” and excludes the former. May we suggest that this Toronto Friend “think on these things ? "

They will brood, and dream, and be silent, as now,

When the youngest children alive to-day
Have grown to be women and men, grown old,
And gone from the world like a tale that is told,

And even whose echo forgets to stay.
-LOUISE CHANDLER MOULTON, in Harper's Magazine

for September.

If we did but know how little some enjoy of the great things that they possess, there would not be much envy in the world.-Young.

LOVE keeps out all strife, it overcomes evil and casts out all false fear.-George Fox.

THERE is one kind of wisdom which we learn from the world, and another kind which can be acquired in solitude only.- Outre-Mer.

ALL thoughts of ill, all evil deeds
That have their root in thoughts of ill,
Whatever hinders or impedes
The action of the nobler will,-
All these must first be trampled down
Beneath our feet, if we would gain,
In the bright fields of fair renown,
The right of eminent domain.

-H. W. Longfellow.

He is the richest man who knows how to draw a benefit from the labors of the greatest number of men in distant countries and past times.-Emerson.

The Church is not filling its rightful place in the community, if it does not educate the public conscience to a high standard in all matters of duty.-A. T. Bow

ser.

VIRTUE is a rough way, but proves at night a bed of down.- Wotton.

WERE half the power that fills the world with terror,

Were half the wealth bestowed on camps and courts, Given to redeem the human mind from error, There were no need of arsenals or forts.

The Arsenal at Springfield.

kinds-rings, chains of copper or bronze, weapons, stone knives, hammers of stone, beads—are found. Fire was evidently used, and the bones of the ox, hog, and goat are proofs that the lacustrine people were not vegetarians. But it is easy to imagine how uncomfortable were their dwellings. The floor of brushwood must always have been damp and unhealthy; the chill winds of the Swiss and German lakes pierced through the walls of the huts; sometimes floods overwhelmed them; sometimes a stealthy enemy broke into their defenses and burned the whole village as if it were a nest of venomous insects. The ashes of many of these towns are found at the bottom of the lakes, showing that they were destroyed by fire. They were usually joined to the shore by a bridge of stakes, over which an enemy could pass.

Many of these towns are found in the lakes and ponds of Ireland and Scotland. Here they are called

crannoges.” They seem to have been less carefully built than those of Switzerland, but they still show that the people who planned them must have labored hard to provide themselves with a safe home. They had canoes hollowed from trunks of trees, on which they carried their piles out into the lake. They cut down oak trees of considerable size with their hatchets of stone or bronze. In one "crannoge” recently discovered in Scotland more than 3,000 trees, some of great size, had been cut down and used in building one of these villages in the midst of a lake.

We who live in safe and pleasant cities or country homes can scarcely believe that people could exist in these wild retreats in the midst of the waters. Yet it seems they were inhabited by a large population, even in Scotland. Here men, women, and children lived and died, sometimes perhaps as happily as if they had lived in New York or Boston. They caught fish from their house doors; the children swam in the waters ; they sometimes cultivated grain on the land, and sometimes lived, like squirrels, on the nuts of the forest.

Men have not, even yet, given up these lake dwellings. The savages in South America, Africa, New Guinea, and Borneo still build them, but they are said not to be so skilful as were the builders on the Swiss lakes.-Harper's Young People.

THE LAKE DWELLERS.

MA

CANY years ago the people of Europe were obliged

to build their houses and villages in the middle of lakes and ponds, or in some place surrounded by water. In this way they protected themselves against wild beasts that infested the woods around them, and from the savage men who were more cruel than the wild beasts.

It is probable that at this time England, France, and Germany were nearly covered with forests, through which monstrous animals wandered. Great bears, wolves, and possibly the immense mammoth, drove men and women before them. They took refuge in the lakes and ponds of water; they built their towns on piles or stakes driven into the bottom of the lake.

All over Europe the remains of these singular retreats are found, but the most remarkable are in Switzerland. Here, when the waters of the lakes are low, great numbers of these villages may be traced. The piles on which they were built are still there; sometimes even remains of the houses are found. The people who lived in them were of small size, apparently. They used stone axes or hatchets, and fought with arrows pointed with flint. It is no wonder that they fled from the wild beasts of the forests.

These lacustrine villages, as they are called, cannot have been very comfortable. The piles or stakes on which they rested were cut in the woods near by, and then dragged to the water side, where they were driven into the deep mud and fastened together. A floor of logs was laid upon them. It seems to have been covered over with brushwood, leaves, and grass. The houses were built above, probably wooden huts, scarcely sheltering from the wind and rain.

The people who lived in them knew how to weave a coarse linen or woolen cloth, but usually must have been clothed in skins. Rude ornaments of different

CURRENT EVENTS. THE Friends' school buildings at New Garden, near Charlotte, North Carolina, were burned on Second-day night, 31st ult.

A CENSUS of Dakota has been completed, and shows that the population of the entire Territory is about 416,000. The population of that part of the territory south of the 46th parallel is 263,465. There will be strong pressure to secure its admission as a state, at the coming session of Congress.

THE President's house, at Washington, was reopened to the public, on Second-day. It has been cleaned and renovated during the President's absence, and is now in condition for his return.

TWENTY-FIVE cases of small-pox were reported in Montreal on the 30th ultimo, and eleven deaths. Seventeen deaths from the disease were reported on the previous day. Three children in Fall River, Mass., supposed to have scarlet fever, were found on Second-day to have confluent small-pox, well developed, and of a virulent type.

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