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next to no sympathy with the nineteenth century.”

Kandy was known to the Greeks in Ptolemy's time, but afterward disappeared from history, and only comes again to the surface in the fourteenth century, when the reigning king erected a temple to the “Sacred Tooth of Buddha," and by the extent and costliness of its decorations made it an object of veneration to all Buddhists.

The Portuguese landed in Ceylon in the beginning of the sixteenth century, and attempted to plant the Roman Catholic religion throughout the island, but failed in every case. A century later Dutch traders established themselves there and were cordially welcomed. They assisted the Kandyans in repelling their foes, and in the latter part of the seventeenth century, helped them to drive out the French. “Last of all," writes the bishop came the English in 1763, who began to manage most wisely for the possession of the island. A few years later the Dutch evacuated Kandy, and it has since then been under the English. The whole island is ruled directly from London as a member of the colonial system, and has a local government of its own.''

The real Kandyan is a mountaineer. He lives about two thousand feet above the sea, loves his hills with an idolatry equal to his veneration for Buddha, has all the robustness of the Scotchman, is tall and wellknit, and, as history proves, is a master in using his mountains as a safe defense. In no part of Asia are seen such fine specimens of well-formed men among the natives. They might safely be taken by any Angelo as models for sculpture.

The Maha is represented as a wonderful lake in the heart of the great city, “It was,” says our writer “the work of an early rajah, and is as beautiful as the crystal image of Buddha in one of the shrines. It has an islet in the centre from which the branches of the trees and the vines hang down into the lake itself; no boats disturb its smooth surface, and no fisherman is allowed to drop a line into its transparent bosom.

It is simply a crystal setting in the centre of the charming city, wbere people may walk at will, by day and night along its graveled margin. A night ramble beside this body of water, the worship in the Temple, and the Temple itself are thus described :

“The moon never shone more fairly. It was in the full, and almost eclipsed the brightest stars. It lighted up the farther hillside, and threw down into the lake the shadows of the villas that climb up to the very top of the mountain. The temple of the Sacred Tooth was lighted up, there being service that evening, and one could see, reflected in the lake, the entire outline of the strange building, the lights from many a window and archway, and the coming and going worshippers. Once again, after returning to my lodgings. I went back to the esplanade surrounding this matchless sheet of water, and walked up and down, in every direction, almost asking myself whether this was dream or reality. The air was laden with fragrance. There was no ceasing of these delicious pulsations of the air at nightfall. And yet they are not to be defined. The perfume of roses fairly filled the whole place, and yet there were so many other

flowers of equal perfume, which competed for the sway, that one could not tell which predominated. I used to think the spicy breezes of Ceylon's Isle were a fiction of Heber. But it is not so. He could have used stronger words, and not have gone beyond the truth.

“The Temple of the Sacred Tooth of Buddha shows how far idolatry can go when it once sets out on its absurdities. Nature has nothing to do with suppressing superstitution or destroying faith in grim images in wood and stone. The fairest sky and most beautiful scenery beneath it say nothing against even so gross a corruption as a great temple to even the spurious tooth of a spurious god. The temple, and the many dependent buildings about it, are at the farther end of the lake. One can descend the sacred steps and walk down the stoneway to the water's brink. There they stand, the Sacred Tooth Temple in the midst, and the rest only as accessories to it. Happy the Buddhist who can once look upon that pyramid which he calls his most sacred temple. Wherever he lives, far up under the shadow of the Himalayas, or across in Burmah, it is all the same. This temple is his Mecca. The Buddhist kings of all lands send costly presents to it, as they have been doing for ages; and these many shrines are very jewel-boxes, which the wealthy, the strong, and the beautiful, from great distances, have overburdened with their most precious stores. All the things that the Buddhist regards as sacred cluster bere.

There is an octagonal building, which hangs near the temple front, as a bird's nest against a tree. This is the Library. Can there be anything like it in all the world? It contains two thousand precious manuscripts, on olas, or prepared leaves of the talipot palm. Paganism, with all its ignorance, professes to he built on books. There is nothing a Buddhist thinks more of than his records. They confirm him, however weak they are, in his wildest faith. These manuscripts are in long leaves, and slide along up and down two connecting strings. The outer parts of each manuscript are protected by cases, some of which are of richest workmanship. Here is one of ivory, whose fine miniatures must have taken a lifetime to make. Another is of solid silver, with reliefs which would have added to the fame of a Benvenuto Cellini. Here is another, with gold intaglio on a background of silver. Still another is of some fragrant wood, which defies all time to destroy its perfume, and it is literally covered with gold arabesques in such firm way that one would think the gold had been burnt into the very fiber of the wood. The finest manuscript and case I saw are from Burmah. The ground color is a rich and soft yellow tint. On this the letters are inscribed in gold and black, each leaf, or palm sheet, being in itself a triumph of art. The characters are in Burmese. But there are manuscripts in other languages—Tamil, Pali, Cingalese, Telugu, and all the others that have for centuries been beating about the walls of this Asiatic Babel.

“Strange to say, there is one alcove in this unique collection entirely devoted to English works on Ceylon. But you will find nothing which strikes at the pagan root. Look as carefully as you may, for exam

ple, you will see no trace of Spence Hardy's "Eas- there is also kept a large collection of jewels, the most tern Monarchism." This patient Wesleyan worker of them once the property of the early nobility and spent many years in the heart of Ceylon, and studied rajahs of Kandy. One of the most precious relics, alBuddhism so closely that he saw its thorough cor- ways excepting the bogus tooth, is a sitting figure of ruption, and weighed it for its full worthlessness. Buddha carved out of a single emerald. But great Fortunate is he who has a copy of this now rare work. precious stones, and pearls of fabulous size are the orThere is the good authority of Mr. Ferguson, the pub- der here. Their very splendor becomes distressing to licist of Colombo, for saying that no book approaches you. You are glad to get out and stroll along the it as a reliable source for the understanding of Budd- beautiful lake, and see in its deep bosom the shadows hism.

of God's patient stars." “I visited the Temple at the time of the evening service, half-past six. Worshippers were crowding

THOUGHTS. in. Each went first to a fountain within the temple

O MESSENGER, art thou the King, or I? wall, where he poured water on his feet and hands,

Thou dalliest outside the palace gate and then bought flowers from venders who stood near

Till on thine idle armor lie the late by with baskets laden with them. These flowers are, And heavy dews: the morn's bright, scornful eye first the rich and fragrant champac, or frangipani, the Reminds thee; then, in subtle mockery, flower of the temple tree, and second, the blossom of

Thou smilest at the window where I wait the ironwood, or na tree. They are all white, with a

Who bade thee ride for life. In empty state slight dash of pink. Their perfume fills all the spaces.

My days go on, while false hours prophesy The air hangs heavy, and surfeits you with the com

Thy quick return; at last, in sad despair bined fragrance. On advancing to the outer court,

I cease to bid thee, leave thee free as air;

When lo! thou stand'st before me glad and fleet, whose entrance is guarded by two broad pillars, I as

And lay'st undreamed-of treasures at my feet. cended the temple steps, and reached an outer ve

Ah! messenger, thy royal blood to buy randah. Here one sees a series of rude frescoes, on

I am too poor. Thou art the King, not I. either side, descriptive of the torments of the Buddh

HELEN HUNT JACKSON. ist perdition. Of the hopelessly lost by far the larger part were women. You then come to the veran

IN THE TIME TO COME. dah which immediately surrounds the great temple itself. To the left is a small shrine, where there are

HE flowers are dead that made a summer splendor several images of Buddha, the chief of which is the

By wayside nooks and on the sunny hill, one made of a single crystal block. The cabinet en

And with regret these hearts of ours grow tender,

As sometimes all hearts will. closing it consists of combined silver and ivory, curiously wrought, and in a style well worthy of the Ital- We loved the blossoms, for they helped to brighten ian workers of three centuries ago. To enter the

The lives so dark with wearying toil and care, main temple, where the sacred tooth is, you have to

As hopes and dreams forever help to lighten pass two pairs of huge elephant tusks, which serve as

The heavy loads we bear. portarii on either side of the steps by which the wor- How like the flowers, whose transient life is ended, shipper ascends the stairway to the awful sanctuary.

The hopes and dreams are, that for one brief hour, You now go through a doorway, the whole frame of Make the glad heart a garden bright and splendid which consists of three parts, a smaller frame, then a

About love's latticed bower. larger one outside of it, and the largest outside of

One little hour of almost perfect pleasure, that. One is of ivory, minutely wrought, and evi- A foretaste of the happiness to come, dently very old, having grown very dark by age. Then sudden frost-the garden yields its treasure, Another is of solid silver, and the last of silver, cov- And stands in sorrow, dumb. ered over with a sheathing of gold. By this last door

Oh, listen, heart! The flower may lose its glory way you enter the dark and mysterious sanctum sanc

Beneath the touch of frost, but does not die. torum of the whole Buddhist faith. There is first a

In spring it will repeat the old, sweet story silver table, which stands before the shrine, and

Of God's dear by-and-by. awaits your gifts. You look through iron bars and behold a gilded shrine, shaped like a bell. This is a

In heaven, if never here, the hopes we cherish

The flowers of human lives we count as lost, mere covering for six other shrines, of decreasing size,

Will live again. Such beauty cannot perish; one within the other. All are of solid gold, with ru

And heaven has no frost. bies, pearls, emeralds and other precious stones to

-Selected. give variety to their splendor. The two smallest of these shrines are covered with squarely-cut rubies.

The spirit of liberty is not merely, as some people The Sacred Tooth, invisible in these days, is contained

imagine, a jealousy of our own particular rights, but in the smallest of all. Burrows, the best living au

a respect for the rights of others, and an unwillingness thority on this relic, saw it, and says of it: “It is an

that any man, whether high or low, should be wronged oblong piece of discolored ivory, tapering to a point, and trampled under foot.-Channing. and about one and one-fourth inches in length, and half an inch in diameter at the base. It is not the LABOR is life: from the inmost heart of the worker least like a human tooth, and more resembles that of rises his God-given force, the sacred, celestial life-esa crocodile or large pig." Inside the large shrine sence breathed into him by Almighty God.-Carlyle.


AMERICAN Consul Lewis sends from Sierra Leone an account of a Mahometan movement in Equatorial Africa, which, with an army of 100,000 men, is extirpating the pagan power, clearing the country of marauders and advancing toward the Atlantic coast.

THE Czar of Russia has issued an imperial ukase absolutely forbidding dueling among students, and fixing the uniform penalty of exile to Siberia for any violation of the law.

GERMANY having taken possession of the Caroline Islands, in the South Pacific Ocean, Spain claims a title to them, and the relations between the two counties are in a very “strained” condition.

THE committee on the relief of those who suffered by the tornado in the Richmond district of Philadelphia, think $10,000 needed to make them comfortable.

7th. Centre, Centre, Pa.
10th. Prairie Grove, West Liberty, Iowa.

Salem, Woodstown, N. J.
14th. Illinois Yearly Meeting, Mt. Palatine, Ill.

Baltimore, Gunpowder, Md. 17th. Haddonfield, Moorestown, N. J. 26th. Scipio, Scipio, N. Y. 29th. Indiana Yearly Meeting, Richmond, Indiana.

Canada, H. Y. M., Yonge St., Ontario. *** First-Day School Unions in Ninth month, as follows:

4th. Blue River, (evening). 11th. Philadelphia. 12th. Burlington, N. J.

Salem, N. J. 19th. Bucks, Pa. 26th. Haddonfield, N. J.

*** Circular Meetings in Ninth month, as follows:

6th. Chester, Pa., 3 P. M. 27th. Warrington, Pa.

THE meeting of the Czar of Russia and the Emperor of Austria, with their families, took place at Kremasier, Austria, on the 25th. They will spend some days at the place. A telegram describing the affair says: “The greetings at the depot, which were very effusive, lasted twenty minutes, the band in the meantime playing the Russian anthem. The Emperors and Empresses indulged in much embracing and kissing. The Czar knelt and kissed the hand of the Austrian Empress.”

CHOLERA continues to prevail terribly in Spain. The daily reports of new cases reach about 5000, and the deaths from 1500 to 2000, but these figures are probably very far from being complete. The disease has also increased at Marseilles. There were 70 new cases and 38 deaths on the 25th.

SEVERE storms are reported from many localities. A tornado struck Charleston, S. C., on the morning of Thirdday (25th inst.) One-fourth of the houses in the city were unroofed, church spires were blown down and four vessels were wrecked. The loss is estimated at one million dollars. A severe frost occurred in the northwest on the evening of the 24th, extending as far south as Moorhead, Minnesota. A storm on the same evening was violent along the New England coast. At Newport it was thought the worst for many years. In Boston and vicinity and in the suburbs, many houses and other buildings were damaged by lightning.

THE Attorney-General of Pennsylvania, L. C. Cassidy, has filed bills in equity, and preliminary injunctions have been granted, to prevent the sale of the South Pennsylvania, and Beech Creek, Clearfield and Southwestern Railroads. There will be a hearing on September 8th in the court of Dauphin county, at Harrisburg.

REUBEN E. FENTON, ex-Governor and ex-Senator of the State of New York, died suddenly on the 25th, while seated at his desk in the bank at Jamestown, N. Y. He was 66 years of age.

THE official census of Minnesota was received at the office of the Secretary of State on the 25th, showing the population to be 1,118,486, a gain over the United States census in 1880 of 337,713.

*** A Conference on Temperance under the care of the Quarterly Meeting's committee, will be held at Friends' Meeting-house, at the Valley, on First-day, Eighth month 30th, 1885, at 21 P. M. Train leaves Thirteenth and Callowhill streets at 8.30 A. M., and returns to the city at 6.25 P. M. Fare for round trip to Maple Shade, 80 cents. All are invited.

*** The Sub-Committee, (of Philadelphia Yearly Meeting's Visiting Committee), for Western Quarter, propose attending New Garden meeting, on First-day, the 6th proximo, at 10 A. M., and to attend all the monthly meetings, in course, the same week. Conferences and public meetings will be held, as Friends in the respective neighborhoods may arrange.

(Cars leave Broad street station, Philadelphia, on Seventh-day, 5th, for Toughkenamon, at 2.46, 4.55, and 5.50 P. M.)


Quarterly and other meetings in the Ninth month will occur as follows:

** The Temperance Committee of Western Quarterly Meeting have fixed upon the 5th of Ninth month to have a pic-nic at Londongrove meeting-house grounds, with a view to increase the interest in Temperance work. Exercises from the children, bearing upon the subject, and others, from all ages, are solicited, to add to the entertainment and usefulness of the occasion. A portion of the afternoon will be devoted to the consideration of the question: "How can we best promote the causes of Temperance in our own Society?"

Meet at 10 o'clock,

*** Friends in an especial manner are invited to attend the religious meeting at the Home for Aged Colored Persons, Belmont and Girard Avenues, Philadelphia, on Firstday next, at 3 P. M.

**For the funds of the Childrens' Country Week Association, John Comly makes the following further acknowledgment: T. C. B., .

$2.00 A. E. B.,

2.00 Previously Acknowledged,




1st. Burlington, Mt. Holly, N. J. 5th. Whitewater, Fall Creek, Ind.

Blue River, Benjaminville, Ill.

*** To Superintendents of First-Day Schools :

The “ Lesson Leaves" prepared by direction of the F. D. S. General Conference will be ready for distribution very early in the Ninth month. All schools desiring them will please send in orders at once to L. H. Hall, Box 97, West Chester, Pa. Lesson number 1 is designed for use on Ninth month 13th, and it is desirable to have them at place of destination previous to that time.


611 and 613 Chestnut Street, Philadelphia. AUTHORIZED CAPITAL, $1,000,000 1 PAID-UP CAPITAL,

$500,000 Acts as Executor, Administrator, Assignee, etc., alone or in connection with an individual appointee. Executes trusts of every description knowu to the law. All trust assets kept separate from those of the Company. Burglar-Proof Safes to rent at $5 to $60 per annum. Wills kept in Vaults without charge. Bonds, Stocks and other valuables taken under guarantee. Paintings, Statuary, Bronzes, etc., kept in Fire-Proof Vaults. Money received on deposit at interest.

JAMES LONG, President; JOHN G. READING, Vice-President; MAHLON H. STOKES, Treasurer and Secretary ; D. R. PATTERSON, Trust Officer.

DIRECTORS. --James Long, Alfred S. Gillett, Dr. Charles P. Turner, William S. Price, John T. Monroe, W. J. Nead, Thomas R. Patton, John G. Reading, James S. Martin, D. Hayes Agnew, J. D., Jos. I. Keefe, Robert Patterson, Theodore' C. Engel, Jacob Naylor, Thomas G. Hood, Edward L. Perkins, Philadelphia; Samuel Riddle, Glen Riddle, Pa.; Dr. George W. Reiley, Harrisburg, Pa.; J. Simpson Africa, Huntingdon; Henry S. Eckert, Reading; Edmund S. Doty, Mifflintown; W. W. H. Davis, Doylestown; R. E. Monaghan, West Chester : Charles W. Cooper, Allentown.



This Company furnishes ALL DESIRABLE FORMS of LIFE and ENDOWMENT INSURANCE at actual NET
Cost. It is PURELY MUTUAL; has ASSETS of nearly TEN MILLIONS and a SURPLUS of about Two MILL-

SAMUEL C. HUEY, President.

HENRY C. BROWN, Secretary.

WM. H. JONES, The Dealer in Agricultural Impleinents, Seeds and Fertili

Removed to 2043 and

2045 Market St., Philadelphia, THE

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I am in communication with all TRIPLE ENAMEL

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No. 1508 Brown Street,




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Exhibit at all times a most extensive and comprehensive assortment of every description of

INVALIDS can enter this pleasantly situated Sanatoriom at any time for treatment. Our accommodations are first-class. We have soft spring water, dry, invigorating air, fine walks and drives, with the

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Acre Building Sites in the vicinity of Media. Situate on the Providence Great Road, half-way between Wallingford and Me

dia. No improvements. Apply to The stock includes Silks, Dress Goods, Trimmings,


705 Walnut Street, Philadelphia. Hosiery and Underwear, Gloves, House-Furnishing Goods, Ready-Made Dresses and Wraps, and

JOSEPH L. JONES, everything that may be needed either for dress or for MONTGOMERY COUNTY MILK. house-furnishing purposes. It is believed that unusual inducements are offered, as the stock is among OFFICE: 603 N. EIGHTH STREET, PHILADELPHIA, PA. the largest in the American market, and the prices

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AUBURN, N. Y., August 24th, 1884.-Have used your SELTZER APERIENT in my family for Constipation, Headache, Disordered Stomach and Biliousness. Invariably find relief from its use, and recommend it strongly.


IF $5.70 is sent us, either by Registered Letter, Postal Note, Bank
Check, or Post-Office Order, we will send any one of the following
orders :-Order No. 1; We will send 6 pounds of good Black, Green,
Japan or Mixed Tea, and 18 pounds of good mild or strong roasted
Coffee. Order No. 2; We will send 30 pounds of good mild, or
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good Black, Green, Japan or Mixed Tea, and 15 pounds of fine
mild or strong roasted Coffee. Order No. 4: We will send 25
pounds of real good mild or strong roasted Coffee. Persons may
club together and get one of these orders, and we will divide it to
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purchase in larger quantities, we will sell at a still further reduc-
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CAPITAL $450,000.

SURPLUS, $827,338. (By Report of State Insurance Department, 1880.) President, JOHN B. GARRETT.

Treasurer, HENRY TAINALL. Actuary, WM. P. HUSTON.




All Trust Funds and Investments are kept separate and apart from the Assets of the Company,
President, SAMUEL R. SHIPLEY, Vice-President, T. WISTAR BROWN, Vice-President and Actuary, ASA S. WING, Manager of In-

Reuben Wilson

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