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SIXTH Query. Do Friends maintain a faithful
ing the lessons to the people as he had received IN
For Friends' Intelligencer and Journal.
meetings would then be under their care, the same as THE SIXTH QUERY.
the recommended ministers are now.
At present the Elders have no care, authority or
control (officially) over persons who speak in our testimony in favor of a free gospel ministry,
meetings for worship, who are not recommended. resting upon divine qualification alone?
S. S. At the rise of the Society of Friends, the Chris
Union Bridge, Md., Sth mo. 8th. tian Church had become very formal, full of ceremony, creeds and confessions of faith, but there was not
For Friends' Intelligencer and Journal, much of that pure and spiritual religion, taught by
MEETINGS” IN THE POWER OF GOD." Jesus, as he went about, up and down in Jewry, teach
N a recent number of the Intelligencer and Journal, them from his Father.
"S. A.” asks the question whether the above inI here quote (from the Baltimore Discipline, page junction of our elder brother, George Fox, “to hold 76),“ Persuaded as we are that gospel ministry is not all your meetings in the power of God” could not of man, but by the revelation of Jesus Christ, agreeably be carried out by gathering together an assemblage of to that apostolic charge, “As every man hath received worshippers of different views, sects, and creeds, to the gift, even so minister the same, one to another, worship together? To which I would answer, from as good stewards of the manifold Grace of God.' »
my experience, which has been of a varied character, In accordance with that idea, our early Friends from that of youthful dedication, in which the will of claimed, there was no human power that could the creature was much centered in the Divine will, to ordain men to preach the gospel, but that God alone that of a large degree of unfaithfulness, in which this could give the power and extend the call. Yet it Divine government was much lost sight of, and the was not long until they seemed to have lost faith in will of the mere animal affection substituted; that in the Master, and followed the custom of other religious the collecting together of such a heterogeneous mass organizations, by establishing a human tribunal to as an assemblage of the kind would generally embrace, ordain or appoint men to preach the Gospel to the “the power” that our
that our “elder brother” speaks of, people; and now there is not a minister among would be so much wanting that it could not be said Friends, but holds his or her commission or authority to be under its governing influence, for there would to preach from the Eldership. If all the members of be necessarily those who would conclude that no aca monthly meeting wished to have a certain person a ceptable worship was offered where there was nothmember of that meeting recommended as a minister, ing said or done, (no matter whether the necessary it could not be done, unless the Elders first sent the qualification had been gotteninto or not,) consequentrecommendation to the monthly meeting; so that the ly calls would be made for vocal prayers, songs and exclusive and absolute power of appointing preachers exhortations, following each other in rapid succession, is with the Elders.
might we not say in the mere will of the creature, In my opinion the exercise of that power has done with the repetitions of requests and prayers unatmore than any other single cause to injure our Society, tended by that Divine unction which constitutes the prevent its increase in membership, and dwarf the
power of the Good Father, and altho' to them it spiritual growth of its members. It has helped to might constitute Divine Worship, because done in the establish and foster in the minds of our members, best light they had received, yet would they need the idea that before a person is qualified to speak in the spirit of our elder brother” to teach them the our meetings for worship, he or she must and will re
way of spiritual life more perfectly; for before such ceive some remarkable, supernatural demonstration he tells us that he frequently “stood or sat a half of the permit of God, whereas the manifestation and hour or more.” As to such he says he felt commispower of the spirit is undemonstrative, unseen and sioned to call them away from words, etc. And to silent, like the dews of Heaven that fall unheard and
me it appears no better plan can be devised to get unseen to nourish the vegetable kingdom.
into true heartfelt worship, than to get into true I am unable to find any argument in favor of con- spiritual silence, with God alone as the teacher;
and tinuing the appointment of our preachers by a hu- without this guarded, care there is great danger of man tribunal. It seems to me, to be contrary to, and spiritual laborers running into the extreme menin violation of our principles as a Society, and incon- tioned by the spiritually minded Jacob Ritter, of gosistent with reason.
ing into the harvest field, and slashing away at the During the past half century, there have been many grain before it is matured or ripened. of our best and ablest members, both men and women, It is always proper to wait the direction of the (and among them that dear mother in Israel and
great husbandman, not that we suppose it is the apapostle of liberty and truth, Lucretia Mott) who did pointment of all to follow in the same line of duty. not approve of our manner of
manner of “recommending It would have been much out of place for Samuel M. ministers.” To maintain any organization it must he Janney in Virginia to have followed in the steps of governed by laws and regulations, and to carry out Lucretia Mott of Philadelphia on the Slavery questhose laws some persons must be clothed with cer- tion, or for George Fox to have preached on the tain power and authority ; therefore the Eldership same question in Jamaica, as she did in Pennsylvania, should be retained, but should not have the power of or on bis mission in Pennsylvania to recommend appointing preachers, (that being unnecessary and the taking out their partition walls, and women and injurious to our Society). All persons who speak in our men doing their business jointly, as Genesee Yearly
THE following letter was written by Theodore Par
Meeting has lately done. And the movement is now tionateness, and religion-will make you welcome to a right one. All will certainly be led in the truth if God, and blessed by Him forever. Your business they patiently and directly follow the Divine guide, is one help to obtain that manhood, but business alone which is sure to lead onward and upward; but this will not give it to you.
You must work for your cannot be done until the ground is prepared for the manhood as much as for your money, and take as seed; neither can two walk together until they be- much pains to get it, and to keep it, too, The first come agreed-any attempt to force will only lead in- thing, then, is to keep clear of certain vices. As yet to disorder and confusion. But were all rightly you hardly know the temptations which will come gathered under the one uniting influence, as wit
upon you. But there are three things which you nessed in the first gathering of our Illinois Yearly must set your face against at once and forever, intemMeeting from different States and localities, all perance, gambling, and licentiousness. These three would move smoothly along as they did, without any
vices ruin thousands of young men every year. To preconcerted arrangement.
some persons, perhaps to most young men, the temp
C. O'NEAL. tation to some one of these is very powerful. Resist Padua, Ill., Seventh Month 7, 1885.
these three, and you will do pretty well in this period
of life. From the Christian Register.
Now, I would not recommend you to the gloomy THEODORE PARKER TO A YOUNG MAN. and sour and stiff. I hope you will be cheerful, live
ly, even gay and mirthful, all that belongs to your
period of life. But you can be all this, without sin: ker to a young man who was starting out upon
you need not put a sting in your heart to torment his first sea voyage. It was placed in our hands a
you forever. Trust me, there is little real pleasure in few days since; and as it has never been in print, we have asked permission to publish it. It rereals one
anything which your conscience forbids. side of Theodore Parker's character, which is not fa
Then you want to cultivate your mind. This you miliar to those who think of him only as an ardent
can do in part by reading valuable books, as you controversialist. It is a letter filled with golden ad
have leisure and opportunity. I have always found vice for a young man entering a vocation exposed to
a good deal of time for it at sea. Forethought, indusgreat temptations. The letter had a lasting influence
try, and prudence will help you bere as much as in upon the life of this young man, who rose to be a
getting money. I used to find it a profitable thing to captain, and who always felt grateful for the advice
keep a journal, in which I wrote down what I saw he had given him. There are few young men starting
that was remarkable, what I read, what I thought. I out in life, whatever their vocation, who might not
believe you will find this pleasant and profitable, too.
Especially, if you visit foreign countries, where profit by his counsel:
BOSTON, July, 7th 1851. everything is remarkable to a stranger,—you will find MY DEAR FRIEND,-Your mother told me that you
advantage in this. In regard to reading, I should are soon to leave her and all the tender ties of home, wish to be familiar with the History of America, with and go out to seek your fortune in the world. She the lives of its great men; then, with the History of wished me to say a word of counsel to you at this time. England, and the lives of its great men; and, next, I am glad to do so, as I remember well the time when with the writings of the best authors in English and I first left my father's house, to find a home else
American literature. All this you can accomplish in where. I was younger than you are, and went to
the course of a few years, before you are thirty,teach a little village school. Let me say a few words
and not encroach on your proper business or your to you, which my own experience suggests.
proper pleasure, and not injure your health. I suppose you wish to be rich.
Most young men
One thing more I must say: I think there is no have a longing for riches; and most old men, too. I real and satisfactory happiness in life without religdon't think riches desirable. I should be sorry to have ion. I am not a sour, malignant man, wishing to inherited wealth. But a competence is very desirable, cloud over the morning of life. But I wish to prois indispensable. Well, the way to get it is by fore- | long its sunshine forever. I am not at all superstithought to plan, industry to execute, and prudence to
For this very reason, I think more of the keep the earnings of your work. I should always wish value of religion. It is a restraint from doing wrong, to get what I earned, but never to take more than I an encouragement to do right, and a great comfort at had honestly, fairly, really earned. I am sure that with all times of life. I do not mean by religion a certain forethought, industry, and prudence you cannot fail form of belief, nor a certain ritual, joining a church or to get a competence. All that you get more than a anything of that sort. But I do mean a respect sufficient fortune is commonly a misfortune. A com- for your own nature, and obedience to its laws. I petence is not hard to get.
mean a love of truth, a love of justice, a love of man But the best thing which you can get in life is not as yourself, and of God with all your mind and conmoney, nor what money brings along with it. A
science and heart and soul. great estate is not worth so much as a good man, You can easily cultivate your religious nature; as You are here in this world to become a good man,-a early as your mind. One of the best helps that I know wise man, a just man, an affectionate man, a religious is this,-to set apart a few minutes of every day to comman. This is the one thing you will carry out of this mune with yourself and with your God. Suppose it world into the next. Money will make you accept- is at night before you sleep or in the morning before able to man: manhood-I mean wisdom, justice, affec- you go to work. Then it is well to review all the
actions of the day,—the deeds, the words, even the thoughts, and feelings,—and ask if they are such as God can approve. If not, then resolve to do such things no more, and in your prayer to ask the help of God for the future. Trust me, this will be of great avail. No man can faithfully pursue this course without great growth in manly excellence. You will never repent the pains you take to be a great, a good, and a religious man.
The prayers of your father and mother will go with you in your new enterprise. Absent from their sight, you will still live in their heart of hearts; and their highest earthly wish will be that you may prove yourself a noble man.
Truly your friend,
For Friends' Intelligencer and Journal. THE FRENCH IN MADAGASCAR.
THE report from the Capital of France to-day, is,
that the debate in the Chamber of Deputies on the appropriation for renewing the invasion of Madagascar, is renewed, and continued with much warmth.
Ex-Premier Ferry said the colonial policy of France was justified, because it was the right and duty of superior races to civilize inferior races. Since all nitions were now entering upon colonial movements, France must do likewise or forfeit her position.
Since the big guns of France first resounded upon the shores of Madagascar several years ago, our sympathies have been with the latter, as knowledge of the situation, our sense of justice and humanity impelled.
Christian philanthropy had rejoiced over the news of the efforts of the pure-spirited Queen of that quiet and unobtrusive Island to advance her people in all that goes to elevate the species. We had heard of her proclamation issued to her people in 1877, following the example of our Great Republic, whereby she abolished slavery and the slave trade within her dominions. We had heard of her edict against intoxicating liquors, the use of which, she said, was debasing her people. This edict was absolutely prohibitory against the manufacture and rendering of spirits for a beverage.
In view of this picture let Christian nations hang their heads in shame. How much more becoming to aid them in the establishing of liberty, temperance and republicanism, of which the French people know something, and of the charms of a peaceful and enlightened life, of which Christianity happily has some knowledge. On the contrary, with a sword in one hand, in the other a bottle; destructive as the former is, the bottle is most invincible, for it conquers victor and vanquished as well. Better, if they be barbarians, as is claimed, that they remain so, rather than that the flag of a Christian nation should be stained with innocent blood.
France cannot under any plea justify this assault upon a weak and unoffending people, and her enlightened neighbors of Europe would interfere if they were not themselves as guilty, with their great armies spoiling for a fight, to use a vulgar term, and bursting
the bounds of their own borders because they are too small to hold them. Oh blessed spirit of Peace! when will thy dawning come and when the happy day?
The French people now recognize how small a measure of glory to the French name has arisen from their late warlike demonstrations on the borders of China, for the lives and treasure squandered. The settlement with the Chinese in the late Tonquin squabble, has tended to direct French attention afresh to Madagascar, where the question is still unsettled. In 1882 France began these hostile operations with a view to compelling the islanders to recognize the right of France to exercise a protectorate over a large district in the northwestern portion of the island, and to certain extent over the whole country. Owing to the natural difficulties which beset the invaders, the deadly nature of the climate to Europeans, and the serious opposition offered by the natives, the French arms have accomplished so far, next to nothing; while the little they have done, has amounted to a heavy bill. Tax-payers are asking to what purpose is this sacrifice of treasure. The representatives from the manufacturing districts answer, trade, trade.
When invasion was commenced, the French traders believed that they could accomplish theirlpurpose by a short and inexpensive campaign. By the time they discovered their mistake, however, they had become too deeply involved, as they thought, to abandon their project with honor, and so they kept plunging deeper and deeper into the mire, with all the world looking askance at their operations, and rejoicing at their ill success.
Madagascar is larger, more populous and inore impregnable than some of her assailants seem to realize. Great Britain once tried to take hold there, and had te let go. That aggressive nation never made a second attempt. The island is as large as England, Ireland and Scotland combined. The length of the island is 1030 miles; the greatest breadth 350 miles; with 225,000 square miles of capacity and five millions of people. It is a mountain island with peaks twelve thousand feet high.
My hope is that the facts here stated may admonish our
own government, and draw out the wisdom, prudence and virtues of the representatives of our admirable sister republic, now while the opportunity offers.
HENRY JANNEY. Baltimore, 7mo. 29th.
NEWS OF FRIENDS.
ABINGTON QUARTERLY MEETING.
was held at Gwynedd, (Montgomery Co., Pa.),
on the 6th instant. The day was very pleasant, and the attendance as large as usual. In the first meeting, Thomas Foulke, of New York, spoke at some length, and with much feryor of expression; he was followed by several men Friends, including Joel Lare, Dr. Henry T. Child, Nathaniel Richardson, T. Elwood Longshore, Watson Tomlinson, and David Newport, and by Hannah Linton, Margaretta Walton, Louisa J. Roberts and Catharine P. Foulke. The meeting for worship closed about 12 o'clock.
In the meeting for business, in the men's branch, Temperance and First-day School work were seasons besides the ordinary routine, some time was occupied of marked interest, and the increased life and interest by the discussion of a proposition presented by Seth in the latter is manifesting itself very encouragingly. Lukens, to appoint a committee to assist within the We have an interesting school, and while some of our limits of this quarter the Yearly Meeting's Commit- workers feel the necessity of something in the form tee on Temperance. Seth said that the latter needed of lesson leaves, we are willing to work on in the and desired aid. The women's branch of this quar- ability afforded, believing that all such wants will be terly meeting had appointed, three years ago, mem- supplied. And I must acknowledge the encouragebers of a joint committee, and had since been waiting ment found in the present number of your valuable for the men's branch to act. (The report of the wom- paper, now lying before me, that steps are being taken en, stating that they had made some exertion in the in that direction, and we hope ere many weeks to direction of their appointment, but had been some- have at our commencement such lessons as will betwhat detained, waiting for action by men's meeting, ter enable us to instruct the youth of our schools and was subsequently sent in and read for information.) society in the doctrines and principles professed by There were expressions of unity with the proposal, our branch of the church. but it was objected to by several Friends on the The children of our First-day School, and memground of order,--that the appointment of such a bers, to the number of one hundred, spent a very committee to“ assist” or“co-operate” with the Yearly pleasant and enjoyable day on the 28th ultimo, going Meeting's committee would be in effect assuming the by private conveyances to one of our beautiful sumpower to add to the latter. After some discussion, mer resorts, known as the Sand Banks, (and which the form of the proposal before the meeting so changed some of our American Friends have visited), where as to suggest the appointment of a Quarterly Meet- the ample provisions stored in baskets were spread ing's committee on Temperance, without any refer- before us, with which all were filled and satisfied, and ence to that of the Yearly Meeting, and action upon many fragments to gather up; after which the afterthis it was finally decided to lay over three months. noon was spent in different kinds of innocent recrea
In the women's branch, the principal business tion, making a day long to remembered. transacted was the reading of the Report of the Tem- Perhaps such a detailed account of our Canadian perance Committee, in which was expressed the de- affairs may not be interesting to all, but these and sire for the co-operation of men's meeting, the com- other incidents in our experience, such as some inmittee believing that joint labor in the work would crease of membership, (by request), and renewed inbe more effective. The report was united with and teresting meetings following our First-day School all full unity expressed with making the request to men's served to imbue the heart of the writer with feelings branch.
of gratitude, that seemed to demand an expression. Earnest words of counsel and encouragement were Nor would I be unmindful or omit to mention our litspoken by Margaretta Walton, Phebe W. Foulke and tle mid-week meeting, which we felt best to change others.
from 11 A. M., to 7 P. M. Although the trial is not The report from men's branch that the subject of of long standing, so far we feel it to be a good one, not appointing ajoint committee on Temperance had been interfering with domestic or agricultual affairs nearly before them, and was referred to the next quarterly as much, and we come in the cool of the day, when meeting called forth earnest appeals to renewed dili- its duties have been performed, and the quiet reflecgence on the part of those engaged in the work. tions and meditations of the hour can be better en
joyed and retained than when the hands and mind FRIENDS AT BLOOMFIELD, CANADA. must be hurriedly returned to their respective duties. DEAR FRIENDS: I have often thought, when reading
Now, with our arrangement, (adopted of late), father in your interesting paper the news of Friends on the
and mother can come with the children, that heretoAmerican side of the line, that if I held the pen of a
fore were at school or otherwise engaged, and we feel
that we are blessed in our efforts. ready writer, or had the ability of the strong man, I
I. W. would more frequently report the condition or experience of some of our Canadian ineetings and schools.
Bloomfield, Ontario, 8th mo. 3d. And although our Yearly Meeting was very favorably
MONTHLY MEETING OF FRIENDS reported by our good friend L. J. R., yet space will
OF PHILADELPHIA. perhaps be granted me for a brief expression of my feelings of gratitude for that, and subsequent reasons At this monthly meeting, in the Seventh month, for encouragement among us.
applications for membership for 10 persons,-mostly We all felt our annual gathering to be an especially young, -were placed in charge of committees. The favored season. The great Master who knows so committee appointed for that purpose had distributed well the necessities of His children commissioned 1083 copies of the "Extracts" to members, and those just such servants and message-bearers from other attending our meetings. parts of his vineyard, as were best suited to our con- A report concerning membership for the year 1884 dition, bearing messages of love and encouragement was received, showing that there had been received to those of us who were weary and heavy laden, that by certificate, 10 men, 22 women, and 4 male and 5 have been received by those to whom they were sent, female minors, making 41. There had also been reand we have been thereby encouraged and strength- ceived, on application, 3 men, 4 women, 9 boys, and 3 ened in our allotted work. The special sessions for girls, making 19. The addition by birth were 6 males aud 2 females, making 8; and giving a total growth of The business meeting was conducted in much love 68. The withdrawals, on certificate, were 4 inen, 1 and harmony. We were encouraged in the attendwoman; disowned, 2 of each sex; died 12 men, 16 ance of our religious meetings, by Jacob Capron, and women, 2 boys, 5 girls; making altogether 51 losses; some good advice upon the subject of Temperance and leaving net gain of the year 14. The total mem- was given by George T. Powell. bership of this monthly meeting is 619 men and 812 women, 205 male minors, 221 female, making 1857.
VISITING IN BUCKS QUARTER. Of the deaths, during the year, 2 of each sex were un
Further labor in Bucks Quarter was continued, in acder 3 years; 3 females between 8 and 20; 2 males and cordance with the arrangement made at Middletown, 1 female between 20 and 30; 1 male between 30 and
as stated in last week's issue. Anne S. Clothier left 40, and 1 between 40 and 50; 1 of each sex between 50 on Second-day to go home and attend Philadelphia and 60; 3 males and 1 female between 60 and 70; 2 Quarter. Watson Tomlinson went on Third-day to males and 8 females between 70 and 80; 1 male and 5
attend a funeral at Abington, and to attend Abington females between 90 and 100; 1 male 927 years old.
Quarter on Fourth and Fifth days. Their places were The average age of the 10 men over 30 years was 66.9; taken by Charles and Harriet E. Kirk, who with Josof the 15 women was over 763, and of both together eph B. Livezey, Elmira Twining and Barclay Knight nearly 72 years.
attended the seven monthly meetings, commencing There were, during the year, 19 interments at Fair at Buckingham on Second-day. They also attended Hill, and 10 at other grounds in the country. There appointed meetings as follows: At Carversville, Secwere 11 marriages under the care of the meeting; in
ond-day afternoon; Lambertville Third-day evening; 7 of them both were members, 1 belonged to the other Makefield, Fourth-day afternoon; Yardleyville, Fifth(“Orthodox"), body, and in 3 cases 1 party was not a
day evening; Edgewood, Seventh-day evening; and member. There were 22 cases of deviation from the | Pennsbury, First-day afternoon, all of which meetings Discipline considered, of which 16 were in relation to were well attended and were interesting and satisfacmarriage, in 13 of which our testimony concerning a tory. The smallest meetings were those at Falls and paid ministry was violated. 63 men Friends were Bristol, the largest was at Newtown. Joseph Powell named on various appointments, in 1884, 46 of whom joined the committee on Sixth-day at Middletown, were on five or less, 10 between five and ten, and 7
and remained with it two days. Watson Tomlinson from ten to seventeen each.
also rejoined it at that meeting, and continued in the A committee was appointedto report as to the bear
labor until the close on First-day afternoon. ing on Friends' practice of the new (Pennsylvania) It is acknowledged on all sides that the labors of law on marriage.
J. M. T. the committee were commenced and pursued in the
life, and we trust that the fruits will be good. STANDFORD QUARTERLY MEETING.
On Second-day, the 10th, Joseph B. Livezey and This was held at Ghent, N. Y., the 7th of Eighth
Watson Tomlinson were engaged in visiting families month. A beautiful day dawned upon us; and near in the limits of Middletown with the prospect of coneleven o'clock Friends and Friendly people were
tinuing that labor on Third-day, and they expected seen moving towards the meeting house, from the
to be at Wrightstown mid-week meeting on Fourthnorth, south, and west some among the aged, many
day. Wrightstown is the mid-week meeting which in the middle walks of life, and a larger number than
has applied to the Quarter to be discontinued, but it usual among the youth. There were but few in at
is hoped that their labors, with those of other memtendance from other meetings. Our friends Jacob
bers of the committee, will be the means in the Divine Capron and wife, from New York, Henry Mosher
hand of averting that conclusion. and wife, from Saratoga, and Mary C. Blackburn, from
ISAAC EYRE. Maryland, were in attendance. How grateful should Newtown, Pa., Eighth month 10th. we of this quarterly meeting feel for the company and labors of our friends that come among us! Al
COMMITTEE VISIT AT STROUDSBURG. . though we feel the strippings of removal from works FOUR of the sub-committee for Abington Quarter, to reward of our well known friend George G. Macy, (of the Visiting Coinmittee for Philadelphia Yearly who usually sits at the head of our meeting, we Meeting), visited Stroudsburg, Pa., on the 9th inst. were thankful for the presence of our ancient friend The morning meeting was well attended, the spoken Henry J. Powell to be as one of the fathers over us at
word received with marked attention, and the occathis time.
sion was felt to be a very impressive one. In the The meeting soon settled into a solemn silence,
afternoon a conference was held with a diminution known perhaps to but few outside of the Society of
in numbers compared with the morning meeting, but Friends. Our friend Mary Hudson, from Chatham,
much interest was manifested. If thought is but broke the silence, and she was followed by James C. aroused regarding our religious and social duties as a Stringham, from Crum Elbow, George T. Powell, of Society, the efforts of the committee will not be Ghent, Mary C. Blackburn, of Maryland, and Jacob
in vain. Capron, of New York. It was precious to feel that
How beautiful is the rain ! the Divine Master was known and felt in our annual
After the dust and heat, assembling together at this place, and to hear the
In the broad and fiery street, many testimonies borne by our different members,
In the narrow lane, each evincing a love for the cause of truth and right
How beautiful is the rain ! eousness in the earth.
-Rain in Summer.