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seen had filled her heart with love during life, and HANNAH B. LESTER.

strengthened her as she entered her eternal rest to [DURING a recent visit our attention was called to the exclaim “Love, Love, Love," testifying to the beauty

and truth of the declaration "God is Love, and he following tribute to a most worthy woman and

that dwelleth in love dwelleth in God, and God in valuable Friend, and although nearly ten years have

him." elapsed since her death, it will be read with interest by many who still hold her in loving remembrance.



IED, at his residence in Londongrove, 7th mo. ,

20th, 1885, David Walton, in his 88th year. her wedding day, forty years before, Hannah B. His funeral took place from Londongrove MeetingLester passed from her earthly to a heavenly home, house, on the 23d of the 7th mo., and was conducted in the 61st year of her age. Her death closed a according to the desire of the deceased, in much simbeautiful and most exemplary life, which it would be plicity. The body rested in a plain walnut coffin, well for all to pattern after, the language of which without polish of any kind, simply lined, the lid sewas “ follow me as I have endeavored to follow cured by plain black screws. There was nothing to Christ." From childhood she was blessed with a cause any to feel the plainness was severe. All was naturally even and sweet disposition, and in her in keeping with the placid and serene countenance, early inarried life was drawn by the love of her which bespoke the peace of God had crowned a long Heavenly Father to dedicate herself to him, and life, and seemed to be reflected upon the body in she was strengthened to press forward through many which the spirit had dwelt, often failing, no doubt, cares and trials without faltering, showing forth to do all that would have secured the daily peace. upon all occasions the fruits of a

“meek and quiet A large company were in attendance, including sevspirit.”

eral ministers of the gospel. Daniel H. Griffin, a Her heart was filled with love and kindness to all friend from New York State, in his impressive, feeling with whom she mingled whether high or lowly in manner, spoke of the lessons to survivors which allife, and no one more fully recognized "that one is ways attend the visitations of death, and called to a your Master, even Christ, and all ye are brtheren.” dependence upon that Power that is the Alpha and All who sought her received words of love, encour- Omega of the Christian life. Clement Biddle, in a agement, sympathy, or comfort as needed.

clear and forcible manner, brought before us the imThe most prominent traits of her character were portance of faithfulness in the sacred duties of the humility, a disposition to make the best of every- home circle. It was truly touching to witness among thing, to look to something bright beyond, no matter the young, and middle aged who viewed the remains, how dark surrounding circumstances might be, and a number who have lived alniost a century of time, in her, more fully than in any I ever knew, was por- and yet with mental powers still bright. They had trayed the apostle's representation of charity suffer- come to give this last evidence of love to one, who eth long and is kind; envieth not; is not puffed up; had with them passed through the varied vicissitudes rejoiceth in the truth; beareth all things; hopeth all of life. These bore the marks of time, but as we things; endureth all things."

looked back over their recurds, no dark blemish In her meeting she held the position of Elder for seemed to sadden the heart. They had had their many years, and frequently appeared in testimony in conflicts and had overcome that which obstructed the a short and weighty manner to the comfort and pure stream of God's love into their souls, and now strength of her hearers. Her health was never very were “only waiting" to put aside mortality with a good, and the last five years of her life she was called hope born of the blessed promises shining forth from to pass through frequent bereavements, for in that their faces. time her husband and five children who had arrived At the close of the meeting his eldest son read a at manhood and womanhood were taken from her, letter written by the deceased in 1870 which he debut through all she meekly and submissively bowed sired to be read on this occasion, setting forth his to the will of her Heavenly Father, and when the last views on the importance of abstaining from all show one passed away, she felt that His everlasting arms and feasting when we consign our loved ones to the were still strong to bear her up, and enable her to silent tomb. This closed with the message of love to bless His name as she lay passive therein, “satisfied all survivors, and as the impressive farewell was with either life or death," as she observed. Shortly spoken, a solemnity rested upon the assembly that before her death, she attended meeting, and whilst went with us to the grave, where these words were bowed under physical weakness and trying bereave- offered with much feeling—“ Eighty-seven years of ments, her faith in the goodness and mercy of“ Israel's time were not encased in that narrow home, but spread unslumbering shepherd” bore her above all earthly broadcast over the world bearing their fruits” and feeling, when she arose and expressed: What shall the exhortation was extended that we watch over we render unto the Lord for all his benefits?

our hearts, that we sow only the seeds of righteousUnder such feeling, she rested in the land of Beu- ness. Who could say, as we turned from that small lah the last few months of her life, looking peace-mound, this had not been a season of serious thought fully to the time when He in whom she trusted and of impressive instruction. should call her to behold the “King in his beauty,"

M. W. and dwell forever in His glorious presence, who un- Eighth month 1, 1885.


dition most suitable for receiving the impress of the THIS little book, written by three well-known

For Friends' Intelligencer and Journal.

The church of Christ is made up of living members, IS ACTIVITY RIGHT?

and it is in the life that it must grow, and it seems to

me that in accordance with the degree of life we THE query seems to be abroad, Is Activity in the

maintain, our strength will be apparent, and our inSociety of Friends in accordance with the funda

fluence for good will have a place in the family of mental doctrines which they teach? The exhorta

mankind, and in the church of Christ. tion to wait upon God, in order to know His will and

JOSEPH M. SPENCER. virtually put in practice, has been one of the leading

Seventh mo. 27, 1885. characteristics of the Society from its infancy. And this practice is amply sustained by Scripture testi

For Friends' Intelligencer and Journal. mony: “They that wait upon the Lord shall renew

A REASONABLE FAITH." their strength.” The promise remains that they that , con

Friends of England, has created some excitespirit, and by yielding to its gentle influence it may ment in the minds of the Friends of Great Britain. be made clearly manifest what the will of the Lord is, It gave rise to a lengthy and warm discussion in the and this manifestation is the light, for the apostle de- late yearly meeting held in London. In this fact clares that whatsoever maketh manifest is light. It we have evidence not only of the respectable source was to this light that our early predecessors called the from which it issues, but also of the ability with people. Strict attention to it enabled a Fox, a Penn, which the writers have handled some of the fundaa Barclay and many other worthies to go forth in the mental doctrines of Christianity. power of the spirit and proclaim the glad tidings of After a careful re:iding of these essays, I feel disposed the gospel. Their convictions were made strong in to urge every Friend, of whatever school of thought, to the power of the Lord, and under this influence they give them a careful and unprejudiced perusal, believwere willing to act. “The Lord's people are a willing ing that while he may not fully agree with all the people in the day of His power.” Let none say the positions of these writers, yet he will, we think, Lord delayeth his coming, for surely He is ever with accord to them ability and clearness in the handling them that trust in Him. It was undoubtedly action, of important subjects, and also genuine Christian under divine guidance, that gathered the Society of motives in the work undertaken. If the reader is a Friends, and caused them to be a people in a meas- student of the early literature of the Society of ure distinct from the various denominations of pro- Friends, we believe he will accept these essays as a fessing Christians of that day.

very fair embodiment of that which was held on In the teachings of Jesus we find where he likens these subjects by the founders of Quakerism. If, the kingdom of heaven unto a man who is a house- however, the reader, professing to agree with Fox, holder, who went out early in the morning to hire Barclay, and Penn, has, it may be unconsciously, laborers into his vineyard :

embraced some doctrines injected into the Christian And when he had agreed with the laborers for system from Paganism through Judaism, such as the a penny a day he sent them into his vineyard. And doctrines of Expiation and Propitiation, he will not he went out about the third hour, and found others agree with these writers, nor will he agree with idle in the market place, and said, “Go yealso into the the tendency of the most advanced Christian vineyard and whatsoever is right I will give you"; and thought of this era, if the writer of this notice they went their way. And again he went out about understands that tendency. On the other hand, if the sixth and ninth hour and did likewise. And the reader regards Jesus Christ as "a merely human about the eleventh hour, he went out and found being of matchless genius, spiritual insight, and others standing idle, and he saith unto them, 'Why moral excellence,” who came into the world to set stand ye here all the day idle? They say unto him, us a glorious example, and to die simply as one of 'Because no man hath hired us. He saith unto them the martyrs, he will not agree with these writers, 'Go ye also into the vineyard and whatsoever is right but he may find reason, in the hints contained in the that shall ye receive. And when evening came they little volume, to recast his opinions and to mould received every man a penny.”

them more in conformity with the Scripture teachThere seems to be a lesson of instruction in this, ing. If he is a Friend of the conservative type of both in coming to the place of waitting, and when thought, he may agree with John G. Whittier in the call comes to enter in and labor in the vineyard. believing that the book “will do great good," and It is he only that labors that is worthy of the hire. in seeing in it “nothing but genuine Quakerism." And again, as deseribed in the parable of the Talents, The essays are introduced by quotations from standhe only that putteth his money to the exchangers re- ard religious writers which afford much food for ceives the increase. Here the free agency is exem- thought-eg.: plified. The Talents were bestowed upon the ser- “The principal efficacy of this redeeming work yants in variety. To every man was given according was not in the pain and torture of the cross, it was to his several ability. And if all had been faithful, not in the blood that streamed down from his we may infer that one talented servant would also wounds, but in the divine love, the self-sacrifice, have received the answer “Well done;" which no the magnanimity, the forgiveness, the compassion of doubt would have produced for bim as much happi- which the blood was an expression, and of which ness as had the possessor of the five talents or the the life and death were the fulfillment.”—(Dean two.


ness of sin is greatly intensified and deepened : ant IT is gratifying to learn that the lowest class at

“It is God's Free Grace that remits and blots out

true until they were proved false unmistakably. Even sin, of which the death of Christ and his sacrificing in the fiercest battles, when men became excited and himself was a most certain declaration and confir

revengeful, his officers testify that he seemed to feel mation. This was not for the pacifying of God, but no spirit of retaliation, no bitterness toward the of man's conscience, as to past sin."-(Wm. Penn.) people whom he was fighting, but firm in his effort

“The object of the Atonement is not to alter any- to establish what he felt to be a true basis for the nathing in God's eternal nature, for that is Love, but tion's peaceful and permanent existence. in man's consciousness of Him.”—(Chevalier Bun- It has seemed cause for congratulation that all sen.)

over the world such true nobility of character is recI will close this notice with the writers' view of ognized; giving evidence of a germ of the same in the Atonement, though they say justly this is not a the hearts of the people in all nations. May the youth New Testament word. It occurs once in the version of our country acquaint themselves with the great of 1611, (Rom. v. 11.) but in the New Version it is and worthy elements in his character, dwell upon replaced by “reconciliation.” They say: “We con- them and receive fresh inspiration toward a true and clude that the true meaning of the doctrine, what- noble life. His eventful life is ended, andever we may call it, is practically this: That by a

“ Happy is he who heareth sincere and penitent recognition of our personal share

The signal of his release, in the sin of the world, for (on account of) which

In the bells of the Holy City, Christ died upon the cross, and by a grateful accep

The chimes of eternal peace.” tance of the forgiving love and help so signally

H. A. P. manifested and proffered to us, in the life and death

CHICAGO, Seventh Month 25, 1885. and by the gracious promises of the Lord Jesus Christ, the guilt of the past sin is consciously felt,

EDUCATIONAL. and intellectually understood to be forgiven: whilst

FRIENDS' SCHOOLS. at the same time our sense of the exceeding sinful

T is

Swarthmore has been discontinued. The gratificawe are taught that it is not by the merit of any works of righteousness that we have done, but in the exer

tion is increased by the hope in the not very distant fucise of God's free mercy and love that we are recon

ture the other preparatory classes may be dispensed ciled to Him, and made recipients of His salvation,

with, and the college thus become emancipated from through our Lord Jesus Christ."

the clogs of elementary work. J. S. W.

These changes, present and prospective, involve Lincoln, Va.

the necessity for the establishment or improvement

of Friends' schools in different parts of the country. For Friends' Intelligencer and Journal.

On looking over the last Swarthmore catalogue it

was observed that there are nine schools whose puIN MEMORIAM.

pils, coming properly certified, may enter upon the

after college course without having to pass an examinamonths of suffering, physical and mental, such tion. These schools are all located east of the Alleas few have known, all who have ever met him will ghanies, south of central New York, and north of the have some precious bit of memory to cherish.

Potomac river. They are within the limits of New Though my own recollections may seem very mea- York, Philadelphia, and Baltimore Yearly Meetings. gre to others, yet one little incident stands out in my Probably there are several others that can be added mind as a sweet picture, and always brings a sense of to this list before the publication of the next catarefreshment with the thought of it. When he was logue. President, a party of friends from the West were vis- Within the last few months we have had very satiting Washington, and of course went to see the White isfactory accounts of the Friends' schoo! in WashingHouse. Our group of three had passed through the ton, D. C., also of those located at Easton and Chaprooms, and were standing at one end of the front paqua, N. Y. The one last named has suffered a portico, looking over the grounds and quietly talking severe loss of property, but a very brief suspension of of the surroundings, when one remarked: “There work. Its reputation is well established. Still more comes the President up the walk."

recently comes the information that Friends at AbWe were a little distance from the front steps, and ington, Pa., are about to establish a boarding school. supposed where so many people were coming and go- It is to be hoped that this enterprise may meet with ing almost constantly that we would not be noticed, due encouragement, and thus satisfy a want that has but to our surprise and pleasure, he looked around, long existed in that section of the country. The lolifted his hat, and gave us a nod and pleasant smile cality is admirably adapted to such an institution, that seemed to say, “ Welcome, my western friends, I and the proximity to the spacious old meeting house, hope you are having a pleasant visit.”

with its ample grounds, will afford an opportunity It was so unexpected, and manifested such charm- for teachers and pupils to attend all the meetings ing hospitality, where he might have felt excused and held in that house. The neighborhood is healthful, passed without observing us, that our hearts warmed thrifty and easy of access, besides being the centre of to him at once, feeling as strangers in a strange place. a large body of Friends. Should this school be esIt has always seemed to me that his mistakes were tablished on a permanent basis, and conducted in a born of his kindly nature, always believing people satisfactory manner, it will be likely to afford relief


to many parents, to advance the cause of education,

PLAN OF SCIENCE TEACHING and to promote the interests of the Society of Friends.

It would be very encouraging if we could learn, Arranged by the Committee on Systematic Work, through the columns of THE INTELLIGENCER AND graded and adapted to the different needs of the JOURNAL, that Friends schools of the academic grade schools within the bounds of the Philadelphia Yearwere being multiplied throughout the limits of our ly Meeting of Friends. seven Yearly Meetings. In our cities, the want in this direction may be sufficiently supplied by day- The Supervising Instructor will visit the schools schools; but in the rural districts monthly or quar- desiring his services as many times during the year terly meeting boarding schools should be available.

as the Committee on Systematic Work may direct. Unless and until such schools are established the

On his arrival he will proceed to give instruction in “Swarthmore Preparatory” will have to be con- the designated studies, using full experimentation tinued, or else many of our members will have to go and illustration. The teacher in charge of the school outside of the Society to prepare for their college will take full notes of the instruction and experi

mentation. This experimentation will be of such a With respect to relative advantages of academic

nature that the teacher can readily repeat it and the training in a boarding or a day school, much may be pupils comprehend it, and with the teacher's aid and said on both sides, and probably after hearing and supervision duplicate it also. The Supervising Inweighing all the arguments, we may arrive at the

structor will cheerfully aid the teacher by private conclusion that a compromise between the two af

advice and assistance, and by leaving works of referfords the most favorable conditions for development ence with marked passages explanatory of the subject at this important period of life. There the pupils pass

under consideration. If the subject should at any time two nights of each week at home, and five at school,

demand apparatus not easily procured by the school their conduct can be supervised by parents as well as the same can be obtained from the Supervising Inby teachers, and while acquiring self-reliance and

structor as a loan under certain specific conditions. consideration for the rights of others, they are not in

At first courses in Physics, Chemistry and Physidanger of losing a genuine affection for home.

ology will be given. Between the first and the secConcerning the advantages of a graded over an ond visits of the Supervising Instructor the teacher ungraded school there can be but one opinion. An will be expected to assign the lessons outlined and illordinary district school, in charge of one teacher, is an

ustrated by him, also written examinations. The exestablishment in which the waste is painful to be

amination papers will be reviewed by the Supervising hold, and lamentable to contemplate. On the part

Instructor and if time permit an oral examination of the teacher it is a waste of talent, education, and

will be had at his second visit. Thus he can obtain an health ; while the pupils are suffering from a waste

idea of the work really done during his absence of time and opportunity. Wherever there is a dispo- when if satisfactory the second visit's work will be sition to improve the facilities of a school, by an in

entered on, according to the adopted course and in the creased outlay of money; it might be well to inquire

same general way as that of the first visit. The acinto the feasibility of having two teachers and two

companying schedule of courses of study will present apartments. If this be the first step taken, the im

the plan more in detail. The proper school officers provement will be progressive as well as satisfactory.

should give this subject their early attention and arThe writer is willing to hope that most Friends

range with the committee on Systematic Work withwho stand appointed as members of school commit

out unnecessary delay, as the time of the Supervising tees will unite with him in the expression of three

Instructor is limited. We would advise small schools desires concerning our schools. First, that where

to take Course D. Where the school is small in numnew ones are to be established there may be an ex

bers but the pupils more advanced Course C is recom. penditure sufficiently liberal to enable the committee

mended; schools with two teachers of ready access to erect suitable buildings, and that there may not be

from Phila., can take Course Bor A. Course A is for undue haste to begin the school until all things are

the inost advanced schools, of ready access. The comready. Second, that thoroughness in a few branches,

mittee on Systematic Work will arrange for the best rather than a superficial knowledge of many, may be interests of each school as it receives information from the desideratum. Third, that by avoiding all mix

the committee in charge. The Supervising Instructor ture with the public funds, and by employing our

will try and make each visit of such a length that own members as instructors, we may be able to ad

proper time may be given for his instruction. Further here to our principles, our practices, and even our

it is intended that instruction in the three branches peculiarities, with a tenacity that shall mark our

Physics, Chemistry and Physiology can be given at identity, and evince our attachment to the Society of

each visit. Friends.

Additional courses of lectures will be prepared

froin time to time, as needs develop, &c. Children cannot altogether be taught by your ex

(For further information, address Clement M. perience. Experience must become their teacher al

Biddle, 531 Commerce street, Philadelphia.) so, before its lessons quite tone them down.

PHYSIOLOGY. A PRAYER in its simplest definition is merely a

Course D consists of the first two visits of Course C, and wish turned Godward.-Phillips Brooks.

is for a primary and intermediate school with one teacher. It is to be understood that full experiments, easy to understaud, yet to the point, accompany each subject in all its details.

H. *

FIFTH VISIT. The growth of plants as related to

Chemistry. Elements needed by a growing plant;

cellulose; starch; sugar; vegetable oils. SIXTH Visit. The decay of plants; in air; away from

air. Formation of peat; bituminous coal; anthracite coal; petroleum. Effect of heat on wood; in air; away from air. Marsh gas; olefiant gas; pyroligneous acid; wood spirit.


We shall endeavor by charts, and in some instances by parts of the manikin to make this subject not only interesting but instructive. COURSE C. First Year. Four Visits.

FIRST VISIT. A general talk about the bones, joints

and muscles, with some remarks about muscular ex

ercise. SECOND VISIT. How the food which we eat is changed

into blood, and how the blood builds up the body and repairs waste. A description of the organs which

carry the blood to all parts of the body. THIRD VISIT. Some remarks about food. The effects

of alcohol and tobacco on the body. Bathing, cloth

ing, ventilation and general health. FOURTH VISIT. How we see, hear, smell, taste and



Course D consists of the first two visits of Course C, and is for schools of primary and intermediate grades, having but one teacher.

It is to be understood that full experiments, easy to understand yet to the point, accompany each subject in all its details.


Course B consists of the first four visits of Course A, and is designed for schools having fewer pupils than those for which Course A is designed, but of about the same intelligence. COURSE A. First Year. Six Visits.

FIRST Visit. General description of the bones, joints

and muscles. Muscular exercise. SECOND VISIT. Digestion. Description of the organs

of digestion. The successive steps in the conversion

of food into tissue. THIRD VISIT. Food; stimulants and narcotics. Bath

ing; clothing; ventilation; general hygiene. FOURTH VISIT. The circulation of the blood. Descrip

tion of organs; the blood; how carried; the lymph. FIFTH Visit. General arrangement and structure of

the nervous system; stimuli; reflex action; perver

sion of nerve force; relation of mind to body. SIXTH VISIT. Sensation ; sight; hearing; taste; touch;



COURSE C. First Year. Four Visits.

FIRST VISIT. Experiments to show that matter can

be divided into very small particles. What is meant by dissolving a substance. Experiments to show that two bodies cannot fill the same space at the same time. Matter cannot be destroyed; it undergoes changes, still not one particle is annihilated. Experiments to show this. Other properties of matter il

lustrated by easy experiments. SECOND VISIT. Bodies have a tendency to approach

one another. This is attraction. Magnets cause, under certain circumstances, iron and other metals to approach and cling to them. This is magnetic attraction. Other forms of attraction illustrated by experiments, such as cohesion, adhesion, gravitation,

capillary. THIRD VISIT. The air; what it is composed of, and

how we can find out. A variety of experiments with the air-pump, the common water-pump and the si

phon. FOURTH VISIT. Liquids; how they differ from solids.

The curious fact that they have an upward and sidewise pressure, as well as a downward pressure. Experiments to show how a little water may cause great pressure. Why some substances float and others do not.


Course D consists of the first two visits of Course C, and is for a primary and intermediate school with one teacher.

Course B consists of the first four visits of Course A, and is designed for schools having fewer pupils than those for which course A is designed, but of about the same intelligence.


COURSE A. First Year. Six Visits.

FIRST VISIT. Properties of matter; divisibility; im

penetrability; indestructibility; elasticity: poros

ity, etc., etc. SECOND VISIT. Attraction; magnetic, electric, gravi

tation; weight; cohesion; adhesion; capillarity. THIRD VISIT. Equilibrium, three kinds; centre of

gravity; line of direction. Mechanical powers; lever, wheel and axle, inclined plane, wedge, screw, pulley. It will be shown that one principle is applicable to all the different forms of machinery. If this is well understood then the whole subject becomes

exceedingly simple. FOURTH VISIT. Liquids; upward, downward and lat

eral pressure; hydrostatic paradox; level; buoyan

cy; specific gravity. FIFTH VISIT. The atmosphere; composition and the

method of determining its constituents; upward, lateral and downward pressure. The air-pump; the barometer; the common lifting-pump; the siphon;

the force-pump; weather probabilities. Sixth Visit. Frictional electricity; attraction; re

pulsion; the electroscope; Holt's machine; induced electricity; Leyden jar, etc., etc. Magnetic electricity. Different forms of magnets; dipping needle; the earth a magnet; electro-magnets. The telephone.


COURSE C. First Year, Four Visits.

FIRST VISIT. Chemical changes illustrated by numer

ous experiments. What is flame? What we mean by

burning. SECOND VISIT. What water is composed of. How pure

water is formed. The three forms of water and their properties. Experiments to illustrate acids and alka

lies. THIRD VISIT. What is a gas? How different from sol

ids and liquids? Several gases will be made, and

their properties shown. FOURTH VĪSIT. The different forms of carbon, so very

unlike in appearance and physical properties. How carbon dioxide (carbonic acid) is made. Its properties and ordinary uses, and what danger in breath

ing it.

Course B consists of the first four visits of Course A, and is designed for schools having fewer pupils than those for which course A is designed, but of about the same intelligence. COURSE A. First Year. Six Visits.

FIRST VISIT. Distinction between Physics and Chem

istry. Chemical affinity illustrated by numerous ex

periments; combustion; analysis of flame. SECOND VISIT. Water; how decomposed; its physical

and chemical properties; how to determine its health

fulness. Acid; base. Salt defined and illustrated. THIRD VISIT. Hydrogen; mode of preparation; phys

ical and chemical properties; tests and uses. Oxygen; mode of preparation; physical and chemical

properties; tests and uses. FOURTH VISIT. Chlorine. Disinfectants and bleach

ing agents. Carbon and carbon dioxide; physical and chemical properties and ordinary uses.


I WISII we would consider ourselves to be set in this world as a crystal, which, placed in the middle of the universe, would give free passage to all that light which it receives from above.-De Reuty.

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