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COMMUNICATIONS have frequently appeared in
between nations, to diminish their idle jealousies, him that overcometh will I give the white stone and nor to explain the real identity of their interests. It new name written upon it, which no man knoweth may even be said, without risk of contradiction, that save he that receiveth it.” How high, how deep is whatever attempt has been made to further the the blessedness of this new name. "Holiness unto cause of peace upon earth, or to diminish the horror the Lord." This entitles to a place in the guest chamof the customs of war, has come, not from the Church, ber of our all-merciful Father, with Cherubim, Serabut froin the school of thought to which she hasbeen phim and the angelic host that no man can number, most opposed, and which she has studied most per- that swell the anthem of Holy, Holy, to the just and sistently to revile.
true; the one Infinite, Eternal, Redeeming Power; In respect, too, of the justice of the cause of war, the present Saviour and Ancient of Days. How trithe Church within recent centuries has entirely ya- fling then will seem the trials and provings we have cated her position. It is noticeable that in the 37th endured here. They will vanish away as the mornarticle of the English Church, whichi s to the effect ing cloud and early dew. May the disconsolate lift that a Christian, at the command of the magistrate, up their heads in hope, the bereaved cling close to may wear weapons and serve in the wars, the word Christ Jesus the Rock of our strength, the benign justa, which in the Latin form preceded the word spirit of Jehovah our everlasting Father. bella, or wars, has been omitted.
SARAII HUNT. Considering that no huinan institution yet de- Seventh Month 18th, 1835. vised, or actually in existence, has had, or has, a moral influence, or facilities for exercising it at all
For the Intelligencer and Journal. equal to that enjoyed by the Church, it is all the
MID-WEEK MEETINGS. more to be regretted that she has never taken any real interest in the abolition of a custom which is at the root of half the crime and misery with which she
the organs of our Society discussing the prohas to contend. Whatever hopes inight at one time
priety and necessity of observing the requirement of have been reasonably entertained of the Reformed
our Discipline in regard to the attendance of midChurch, as an anti-military agency, the cause of week meetings. peace soon sank into a sort of heresy, or, what was In a late number of the INTELLIGENCER AND worse, an unfashionable tenet, associated with the
JOURNAL I notice a statement that “A majority of other vagaries of the Anabaptists and Quakers. It
our membership believe their attendance on midwould be difficult to find in the whole range of his
week meetings is not a necessity, and therefore feel tory anysuch example of wasted moral force. Vol
willing to absent themselves whenever it is most contaire had to regret it in the eighteenth century, as
venient or agreeable to do so;" and further: “A Erasmus had in the sixteenth. The former com
majority of those who do attend do it because a law plained that he did not remember a single page of the church makes it a duty which they are not against war in the whole of Bourdaloue's sermons,
willing to neglect”; and suggesting as a remedy the and he even suggested that the real explanation
changing the day of meeting to one more suitable might be a literal want of courage.
and agreeable to the members. This, of course, is
now the right of each meeting or congregation to deFor the Intelligencer and Journal.
cide for itself. Now, while I would gladly resort to REFLECTIONS.
any change of day that would tend to remove the IWO men went up into the temple to pray; one a
cause of delinquency so much complained of, yet I
fear the cause lies much deeper than any such change Pharisee, the other a Publican. The Pharisee thanked God he was not like other men, he was not
would reach or remedy. The institution of mid-week an extortioner, he was not unjust, he was not like the meetings by our early predecessors arose from a sense
of the need of those seasons of retirement from our Publican that stood by him, he could fast twice a week, he gave tithes of all he possessed; but the
worldly concerns, and in a united labor to feel after other, the despised Publican, could not so much as
the invigorating influence of Heavenly good, bindlift up his eyes to Heaven, but smote upon his breast,
ing us more closely together; for “as iron sharpensaying, “God be merciful to me a sinner.” “I tell you
eth iron, so doth the countenance of a man his friend." said this anointed instructor," he went down justified
Now it has been my lot to notice wit£ sorrow that rather than the other. O what a rebuke to our self
as any of our members have gradually neglected righteousness, what an incentive should this be to all
those meetings, they have generally more and more to dwell low, to clothe or to be clothed with the spirit
lost their interest in the Society. On the other hand, of meekness and self-renunciation that shines out so
a faithful observance of this duty, (which becomes a clear in the text, and in the whole life and ministry
precious privilege), has been blessed, and I know not of Jesus Christ. When I reflect on my past life and
of any one who bas been faithful therein though leavfeel how far I come short, I am humbled in the dust
ing their outward affairs to do so, 'can look back and and say “Who is sufficient for these things ?" By
see wherein they have suffered loss, and I feel to enthe rich promises are we induced to press on. "To
courage all my fellow members to faithfulness in the
observance of this reasonable duty, believing as I do [1 The allusion of the author, at this point, is probably to cir
that no means of good can safely be neglected. cumstances connected with the history of early Friends, though
J. it is of course, uncalled for, even in that relation. EDS. INTELL. AND JOURNAL.]
Seventh Month, 1885.
THE British Friend for Seventh Month says : For
islands. The report gives an outline of eight voyages PRACTICAL SLAVERY IN AUSTRALIA,
by six vessels--viz., the Ceara, the Lizzie, the Hopeful, the Forest King, the Sybil, and the Heath, and the ver
dict of the Commissioners on all of them is that the many years the measures taken by the colonists in Queensland to obtain colored laborers for their natives were seduced on board under false pretences sugar plantations have given occasion for loud com- or kidnapped; that the nature of the so-called enplaint both in Australia and here. The letter from gagements to go and work in sugar plantations in Brisbane, published in the Times of the 18th ult., ex- Queensland was never fairly or fully explained to tracts from which will be found on another page,
them; that the “recruits” had little or no compre
hension of the kind of work they had to perform, and while giving unequivocal proof of the dark crimes connected with the labor traffic, and the reality of the
that the period for which they did agree to serve, slavery, by whatever name it may be called, which when any real engagement was made or appreciated, exists in the colony, also gives ground for the hope
was in no case three years the orthodox term of a that the present government of Queensland is deter- kanaka's hire. Where not forcibly kidnapped, the mined to put a stop to these enormities. “ One of the
islanders would seem to have been decoyed on board planks of the platform on which this government
the labor vessels under pretence that they were going stepped into power was the cry“Queensland for the to "sail about,” to “ work the ship,” to “go to white white man and no black labor," and in 1883 it framed
man's country to walk about,” to “go and see white stringent regulations to prevent the atrocious iniqui
man's island," to“ go and fish on the reef for beche-deties incident to the South Sea labor trade. These reg
vaguely, to “ go and work in Queensland ;" ulations having proved inadequate, a Commission was
very seldom were they told they were to be employed
in hard and continuous labor on sugar plantations. appointed to inquire into the methods pursued by the crews of the labor ships in obtaining colored recruits.
The periods of time which they were informed they After three months of careful investigation this Com
would be absent from their islands were very diverse, mission has published its report, and yreat excite
ranging from a night up to thirty moons, but generment has been aroused throughout the colony.
ally it was never inore than two or three moons. It would have been strange had it been otherwise
While the record of any of the voyages is sufficient when the verdict of the Commissioners in regard to
to condemn, in the judgment of impartial men, a sysall the vessels engaged in the traffic which have been
tem built up on deceit, cruelty, and treachery, there examined is," that the natives were seduced on board
is one which especially is a disgrace to the fair fame under false pretences, or kidnapped," and in regard
of British seamen, of any British colony or dependto the history of the cruise of one of them, the Hope
ency, and even to humanity itself. The voyage of ful, they say, in their report, that it is “ one long re- the Hopeful will, I venture to say, form the blackest cord of deceit, cruel treachery, deliberate kidnapping,
and most villainous tale of the sea and of the traffic and cold-blooded murder." Nor is this all; it has
in human beings read for nearly a century past. been stated as some abatement from the horrible cru
Captain Shaw, the boatswain Williams, and the elties practised by Arab men-stealers in the Soudan,
recruiting agent M'Neil, appear to have started on that those who survive are kindly treated in the
their voyage with their minds made up, come what homes of their Turkish or Egyptian masters. This,
would, that they would return to Queensland with a whether true or false, is no palliation for the crimes
good cargo of "boys.” They had a useful assistant, of those who stole them. But a fearful addition to
in a certain colored missionary teacher, Eponisa by the crimes of British traders in human labor, whether
name, who is evidently an adept in all the arts of those who steal or those who purchase, is set forth in
persuasion. This man would make tempting displays such statements as these: Of the recruits by the
of tomabawks, tobacco, and calico; would promise Ceara, 24 per cent. died within one year of their set
these either to the “boys" themselves or to their tlement in the sugar plantations; of the Sybil re
parents, and would assure every laborer that he cruits, 16 per cent. died in four months; and of the
“ would be back in two moons." But deceit had very Heath recruits, 25 per cent. in two months and a half!
soon to be supplemented by force. Natives coming It appears that for some years the sugar planters
up to the ship's side in their canoes and holding out of Northern Queensland have greatly resented the
their hands for tobacco were caught and dragged on
board. Others were ordered into the boats under restrictions placed upon them by the Government of the Colony, and, comparing small things with great,
threats of being shot; and when M'Neil, returning to they wish to follow the example of the slave States of
the shore for a fresh supply, found the remaining naNorth America on the election of Abraham Lincoln
tives fled, he punished them by setting fire to their to the Presidency of the Union. They claim that houses. After about a fortnight of this sort of work Queensland should be divided, and that its northern
the captain of the Hopeful began to be disgusted with division should form a separate and independent
his slow progress, and thought it necessary to adopt colony.
more decided measures. It was then that the scenes
took place, the story of which was incompletely told The Brisbane letter referred to contains the fol- at the trial of M'Neiland Williams. When the canoes lowing details. They are obtained from the report of from Ferguson Island came out to trade with the ship, a committee of the Queensland Parliament. The la- two boats were lowered; the natives became alarmed borers are obtained from the islands of the Pacific, and turned shorewards; and the boats tried to row being chiefly the natives of New Guinea, the Louisi- them down. Finding that he did not gain upon the ade archipelago, and the D'Entrecasteaux group of canoe, M'Neil deliberately shot the steersman, and,
terrified by his fall, the other natives leaped into the think all who delight in and enjoy the work of being water. How many were drowned does not appear, instrumental in the hands of the All Wise Teacher, but four were
“rescued” by the boat's crew; that is to instruct the minds of the young in the way of the to say, were saved from death and reserved for slavery. truth, and thereby open before them the simple, Theachievements of Williams and his crew were even plain and true religion of Jesus Christ. more horrible; one islander was shot, another had I have taken some space in your paper, but I trust his throat cut in the attempt to escape, and “ a little
it may be a seed of encouragement to some. boy, being of no use as a recruit, was cast adrift on
W. D. WILLIAMS. two cocoanuts, which were tied together and placed HACKETTSTOWN, N. J., 7th mo. 20. under his arms. The little fellow was seen to slip from the cocoanuts, and was drowned in the surf.”
PREPARATION OF THE LESSON LEAVES. A few days afterwards, at Normanby Island, the same ACCORDING to adjournment, the Literature Commitheroes pursued a company of natives into the bush, tee of the Executive Committee of the General Conand shot three or four of them. At another place in ference of First-day Schools, met at Plainfield N. J., the same island some natives were forcibly kidnapped, 7th mo, 25th. Three sessions were held. Lessons for and about the 10th of June, at Harris Island, the the smaller children were adopted and will be pubmurders took place for which M'Neil and Williams lished in Scattered Seeds, commencing in the Ninth were afterwards tried. A week later, at the island of Month. Lessons for intermediate classes were also Coiawata, two canoes were “cut" by M'Neil, and nine adopted, and will be published in a supplement to natives had the alternative of drowning or being taken Scattered Seeds. on board the ship's boats. In these ways the ship The Committee, in accordance with the wishes of returned in July to Queensland, having at one time
very many First-day School workers, have decided to had no fewer than 150 captives on board, though of issue Friends' lessons upon the subjects contained in these it is satisfactory to learn that twenty-eight had the International Series, commencing with 9th mo. at one time escaped by swimming ashore, a distance 13th. The subjects for the remaining lessons of this of two miles. To complete the story it may be added
year are as follows.
The Shunamite's Son; 2 Kings, 4; for 9th mo. 13.
The Famine in Samaria; 2 Kings, 7; for 10th mo. 11. come willingly to work in Queensland for three years.
Jehu's False Zeal; 2 Kings, 10; for 10th mo. 18th.
The Temple Repaired; 2 Kings, 12; for 10th mo. 25. THE FIRST-DAY SCHOOLS.
The Death of Elisha; 2 Kings, 13; for 11th mo. 1.
The Story of Jonah; Jonah, 1; for 11th mo. 8.
Effect of Jonah's Preaching; Jonah, 3; for 11th mo. 15. feeling of my mind to speak through our valu- Hezekiah's Good Reign ; 2 Kings, 18; for 11th mo. 22. able paper in regard to First-day schools, and also in
Hezekiah's Prayer Answered; 2 Kings, 20; for 11th giving space to First-day school work.
The Sinful Nation; Isaiah, 1; for 12th mo. 6.
The Gracious Invitation ; Isaiah ; 35; for 12th mo. 20.
for those dates. clined, and so the young minds are bent by the sim- The teaching in these lessons will be based on the ple and plain teachings of our Blessed Master, (through principles and testimonies of the Society of Friends. our instrumentality, who said: “Suffer the children A series of Bible Lessons, to begin with the Creation, to come unto me and forbid them not." O, dear is in course of preparation, but to meet the imperaFriends, shall it be said that we forbade them to come, tive demand, particularly in the West, it was deemed by making so light of this matter? In my mind it is best to adopt this plan, corresponding to the "Interthe most essential point, for in the future, on the national,” for the remainder of the year, and if the young depends the strength of our Society, for truly lessons should prove satisfactory they will be conthe older ones are fast passing away, and who will
tinued. hold the “building” up, if the young are not hewn
The Committee fully realize the responsibility and out and shaped to take the places of the older and labor necessary to the proposed work, and urgently faithful pillars?
request all interested and concerned friends to aid In the second place, I do love to see a certain by contributing ideas, suggestions, &c. amount of room in this instructive sheet set apart
Jxo. Wu. HUTCHINSON, for First-day school talk. It encourages me, and I 225 Waverly Place, N. Y.
Clerk of Committee,
temperance in eating, in this place and at this time, NEW YORK TEMPERANCE WORK.
when much physical exercise is quite out of the The report of the Temperance Committee of New question.
York Yearly Meeting refers to two very inter- Late in the afternoon we quietly walk down the esting conferences held,-one at Plainfield, N. J., and valley, following the course of the brook which flows one in New York city. Both were well attended. from the wonderful Springs. Soon the little village The report states:
of Germantown is reached and a short additional “From information so far as received from our stroll takes us to a cottage-crowned summit from several Monthly Meetings, it appears that but few of
which we have a view of the Valley for many miles them have given any particular attention to this sub
and of the sunset heavens. The softness and richject, but we have been encouraged with the many ness of the landscape are remarkable, and from this evidences that have been furnished us that there is site there are to be defined many truly perfect scenes a growing interest on the part of a large number of to delight both painter and connoiseur. Some years our members, and a desire to do something in the ago, we are told, an artist, grand-daughter of John furtherance of this good cause. We would encourage Tyler, decided on the purchase of this spot with the our Monthly Meetings to look carefully into the sub- view of making of it a cummer home, but a farmer ject and see if a way does not open for them to ap- bid a little higher for the ten acres of land, and, very point committees to labor as truth may unfold; for naturally, obtained it for his center of farming operawe believe that labor thus sought after and entered
tions. As we consider the question of real estate, into, will tend to the accomplishment of much good. down sinks the sun behind the everlasting hills, and
“One way through which we believe much useful we promptly return in the gloaming to the home labor may be accomplished is through the medium shelter, hard by the spring of healing whose waters of conferences held in our several meeting-houses, are smoking down the meadow pathway. Shall we where the different phases of the subject may be con- stroll up the meadow by the margin of the brook, atsidered and plans of work arranged for. Where such tempting to botanize a little? conferences have been held, they have always been The deep grass is unmown and one shrinks from found to be suggestive and beneficial.
the possible covert of poisonous snakes. The rattleIn addition to the distribution of literature, we snake is the terror of these mountains, tho' there are have sent out during the past year a number of care- perhaps not many lives lost by the bite of this rather fully selected books and pamphlets to the several sluggish creature. We have not heard of one here. First-Day Schools and Monthly Meetings within our Doubtless the universal dread of a poisonous snake is limits.
well founded, and the only path of wisdom in the “In making this selection of literature we were spongy meadows of the Warm Springs is to give a guided by a desire to provide some works of a stand
wide berth to the loathsome and venomous reptile. ard character that could be profitably used in their Within a few days a rattlesnake of pretty large size respective libraries.
was killed in the public road very near the village of “In addition to these we have also furnished to Germantown, and not very long ago a moccason was the several secular schools under the care of Friends encountered on the road to Milboro. The fuller cula copy of a standard work entitled ' Alcohol and Sci- tivation of the land and the use of the mowing ma
chine, it is believed, will greatly diminish the numIt was recommended that $150 be appropriated to ber of snakes which now endanger human life in the use of the committee.
these mountains. Most of us have never seen the
deadly moccason of the South, which is said never A MODERN CASTLE OF INDOLENCE.
to get as far north as Pennsylvania. It is an ugly,
malignant creature of which a great fear is felt. The “Come Sleep! O Sleep, that certain knot of peace,
negroes, wbo, from poverty, are apt to go barefoot, The baiting place of wit, the balm of woe,
are the most liable to their bites, and as they are The poor man's wealth, the prisoner's release,
found in marsh lands, the person bitten is advised to The indifferent judge between the high and low."
keep the bite in water and tie a ligature tight be--Sir Philip Sidney.
tween the wound and the heart, and remain in the “Of all the thoughts of God, that are
water to allow the wound to be as fully washed as Borne onward into souls afar,
possible. When a person has a very sharp knife and Along the Psalmist's music deep;
sufficient nerve it is advised to cut away the part Now tell me if there any is, For gift or grace, surpassing this,
right around the bite. A lady of South Carolina who 'He giveth His beloved sleep.''
is now a fellow guest of ours tells us with a shudder how a moccason on one occasion dropped into her boat on the river, probably from an over hanging
branch. Her husband said that if he were cona gently soothing influence on wearied nerves fronted with such a dread and loathsome death, he and tired brains. The long warm bath enjoyed every should have thrown himself into the river, leaving day, the social accompaniments, the retired, cozy, the snake in undisputed possession of the boat. But cottage, the unlimited leisure, the entire freedom the lady immediately siezed an oar and attacked the from care, in short the abounding comfort of the snake with such energy that he was killed. Then Warm Springs, induce most restful and oft repeated the blows were continued with such a will that she sleep. One might venture to recommend watchful almost shattered the bottom of the boat, and yet the
-E. B. B.
THE surrounding circumstances of this place have
heroine assures us she would run with terror from a no-horn-cow. In the old rice fields or savannahs near Charleston, S. C., the moccasons are very numerous, and those who seek huckleberries in the swamps are specially in danger-many being fatally bitten every year. It seems right to kill as many as possible of these enemies of the human and other nobler animals. There are estimated to be 179 varieties of snakes in North America, of which 27 are venomous. Of these, 18 are rattlesnakes, three are moccasons, one copperhead and five harlequins.
spontaneous, since, says a seer, “its presence is an invariable sign of goodness of heart and justness of moral perception.” Certainly some little observance of the divine order in leaf and plant makes the time speed rapidly in this drowsy, quiescent summer time at the Springs.
S. R. Warm Springs Va., 7th mo. 22.
OH, YE MOTHERS.
But a far pleasanter theme for me are the dar- SIX
years ago I called one afternoon at a house
lings of Flora which nestle lovingly among the luxuriant meadow grasses.
The wild rose is about -the youngest of the family--ten years of age. Durdone its work for this summer and just fades away ing my call upon the mother of this family her boy, in its beauty, while the Asclepias tuberosa, richest full of life and vigor, came in from school, shouting, and gayest of its numerous family, is sending forth its "Where's mamma ?” and a conversation like the folsplendid head of orange bloom. It varies in color, lowing took place: "Ma, I'm going over to play with deepening from a delicate pale tint on first opening the Beebe boys in the next street-can't I?” “No, to an intense orange as the flower develops. There James, you must stay at home and play near, where is no fragrance, though the plant is deemed of value I can know just where you are.” “Oh, no, ma; I don't medicinally and is known, locally, as pleurisy root.
want to. There's no fun in our old yard, any way; As its name indicates it has a tuberous root. The besides, I told Henry Beebe I'd come.'' Asclepias purpurescens is also very prevalent though So far the conversation had gone on while the boy far less elegant both in form and color. The familiar stood in the hall. The combat deepening, he walked ox-eye daisy finds a foot hold everywhere and as- into the parlor, was bidden to speak to me and to ask serts itself by its hardy beauty. The Cimicifuga race- if my Charlie ever teased his mother, a question mosa, very common in these regions, helps to decorate which he evidently thought superfluous to put, and this valley of the hills. A Euphorbia of delicate form, not at all to the point. This small ruse on the part the Cynoglossum officinale and others of homely pre- of the enemy was not to foil him, and he renewed tentions aclorn the waysides, and the golden rod is the attack with greater energy, as if conscious that just opening its earliest blooms. Up on the hill- he was needlessly losing time. "I say, ma, let me sides and fringing the mountain ridges the blooming go." "What are you going to do over there? You chestnuts "spread their palm, like holy men at pray- know I don't like to have you go with those rough er."
How elegant are the long graceful tassels of boys.” “Oh, we're just going to have some fun. I'll sterile flowers and how beautifully too, the fertile be home to supper. Say quick, ma, I can go, can't flowers show the purpose of their life work under the I ?" "Well, go along; don't bother any longer,” and dissection of the prying pin.
she added before the boy was out of hearing, "I supThe curious and showy kalmia is about closing a pose you'd go, anyway, whatever I said about it!" most brilliant season, and the yet more regal rhodo- This incident happened six years ago. The boy is dendron conserves a few sheltered clusters on lofty now sixteen years old; has been out of school-mnch boughs to show how glorious was the spring time against his parents' wishes--a year and a half, beblooming. Species of this splendid shrub come from cause he would not study—“All the boys were leavthe loftier heights of the White Mts., from the Him- ing school and getting places," he said. And "you alaya Mts., from Asia Minor, and from Java-and know," said his mother to me, "you know it is hard these give the many shades and the combinations to expect a boy to keep to his books when the whole which are the pride of the landscape gardener. influence of his companions is in a different direc
A friend brings us the “Indian Physic," as it is tion.” Of course, if mothers are not to see to it that called; an elegant plant which I had never seen be- the home influence is stronger, sweeter and higher fore. It is of the vast rose family and is of the genus than the outside force, thought I. “We are a little Gilleniu trifoliata. It is a handsome shrub 2 to 3 feet worried over James,” she continued. "What worhigh, slender and nearly smooth. It has rose colored ries you ?” “Oh, I don't know that we have much or nearly white petals, and a root with emetic and reason to worry, only he never wants to spend his cathartic properties. But the drowsy air of this evenings at home. He is'nt out very late, and, of somnolent place is not favorable to botanic research. course, after business all dayf which is pretty dull Perhaps it is enough to add that multitudes of our for a boy, he must have some recreation." "Do you most familiar plants are at hand everywhere, and know where he spends his evenings ?” “Oh, he althere are abundance of patient bloomers of well ways says he's with the 'fellows'." "Could you not known kinds that do not tax our skill in finding bove ‘the fellows', as he calls them, come to your their names. We find the Lysimachias, Campanulas, house occasionally, and so make a pleasant evenMonardas Houstonias and many other fair sweet sis- ing?”. “Dear me!" she replied, “James laughs at ters that have only beneficent qualities, and a quiet that proposal, and says, 'Why, ma, we should have a tender beauty.
gay time here. You don't know boys'." It must be well for us to cultivate what germs A few days ago I met a gentleman of business and there may in us of a love for Nature-simple and said: “What do you know about the young men in