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golden-crowned thrush or oven-bird. The latter species, however, acts with more dignity in the matter. He is above resorting to the deceit of simulated lameness, and will not flutter and thrash about on the ground as his less scrupulous cousins do. When he sees you coming through the woods he crawls nimbly out of his nest and skulks along behind the bushes and leaves until he gets some distance away from his treasures; then he appears in a conspicuous place and sedately and quietly walks along before you, looking over his shoulder and inviting you to come up and take him, as being a bird who somehow never found use for his wings, and to whom the science of flying is unknown. All that he expects you to believe, and more. When you see the bird thus conducting himself all you have to do is to note carefully the direction in which he is traveling, then walk back in a straight line, and, if you look care. fully, you will find the nest somewhere within three or four rods of where the bird first appeared. If you have any respect for gentlemanly deportment, however, you will not take more than half of the eggs of this quiet, composed and dignified bird.—Selected.
This is both a secret and a result of patience. We are impatient because intent on leading the present up to something else, leaping over time, as it were, to reach a coming thing. There will be hindrances, and we become restive. But if we are intent only on the present function to be performed, which in doing is to be beautified, all things will profit us, all conditions go well with us. Is it good painting if an artist leap over the due progress and proper order of his work, to arrive at some great figure or emiment part of the picture? Emerson names beautiful behavior the finest of the fine arts; but this conduct is intensely busy with beautifying the instant. For manners that ignore the moment in planning for the future are selfish and absent. Every occasion has its absolute rights —the morning, the meal-time, the work-time, the evening, the social-time. If each have its due, life is that mark, a good machine, being comely in proportion, appropriate in color and harmonious in action. If we do the present act well and take care of its spécial intent, not leaping to coming things, it is surprising, when those things arrive, how they fall into order; for then they have their proper place and must perforce fall into it, because other things have had their due place before. But what if the present moment be hard, sad, painful? Then we have opportunity not to complain. There will be some bright thing. Fasten on that. If none, then this: that it might be worse. Fasten on that. If it seem the worst possible from the outside, there is still this reflection, that we may make it worse by our own way of taking it in the soul. If we have this devotion to beautify the instant, it is a great point that we shall avoid hurry. This is merely to grow ripe beautifully. Is not one reason why so many greatest works are done late in life, that the authors have been busy gathering power by
beautifying the instant? Surely waiting is a great point in living. We shall wait often and long, if we be wise, for we cannot force things if they belong not to us by nature, nor can they be withheld if they be ours. But we cannot snatch them, however they belong to us. We must wait the fullness of time. Now it is easy to wait if we take the instant as something to be beautified, that is, used to its full scope of beauty and its full span of power. It is hard to wait if we are scaling the moment to seize the future violently before it comes to hand. The perversity of materials and circumstances is a common remark. But they only seem hostile because we are trying to leap over them to something else, and they stand in the way, or are too high for the leap. But this should mean to us that we are not to leap, but to occupy ourselves with evoking the beautiful from the heap before us, or in stirring our own souls into it that the compound may be beautiful.-J. V. B., in Unity.
YOUTH AND AGE.
“I have written unto you, young men, because ye are Strong.”
“Wendell Phillips once said that there is no dispensation of Providence for which we should be more profoundly grateful than for the one which shortened the lives of men from one thousand years to threescore and ten. Few men after having passed the dead line of fifty are responsive to new ideas. The desire to conserve the past, to hold to fixed and tried lines of thought, becomes almost irresistible. What could we do with a man in whom this tendency has ripened for a thousand years? Who would have the courage to dispute his ten centuries of experienco o
Age ever tends to conservatism. The mist of years magnifies the past and dims prophetic vision.
It is the young men, nearly always, who start and carry forward great reforms. Nearly all, if not quite all, of the men the Christ chose to be his apostles were young men; Paul was a young man when the great revolutionizing thought of Christianity flashed into his soul, as he neared Damascus. Luther and Melanchthon both were in early manhood when they began the Reformation. The Wesleys and Whitefield started Methodism before they were fairly out of college. Garrison, Phillips and Beecher began their crusade against slavery long before they had reached the forties.”— The Voice.
The apostle John did not say to the aged, “I have not written unto you because ye are weak, ” but “I have written unto you, fathers, because ye have known Him that is from the beginning.” The beloved apostle distinctly recognized the need of enlisting both the energy of youth and the experience of age in advancing the good of the Church. The division of forces upon the lines of age must be disastrous to any movement, whether against moral evil or against physical sin, or against any tendency downward in civil or religious concerns.
THE reward of one duty is the power to fulfill another.— George Eliot.
If the vote of women could be taken on the question of housekeeping, it would be a matter of great surprise to men to learn the result. The business as it is conducted at present would be voted out of existence, or, failing in this, the voice of the majority would be for boarding. The work of the household has increased greatly within a quarter of a century. The luxuries which one by one have come to women, the multitudinous things that are required to make homes attractive, and the modern houses which have their mountainous stairs to weary weak backs, are all things which have combined to make housekeeping a drudgery. Time and strength are consumed while the routine work is being performed, and the intelligent minds of American women rebel constantly. What can be done? Break up homes and live in those modern caravansaries—hotels? Not so. The remedy lies in simplifying home life; in leaving out of houses the endless traps that are hard to keep clean, and harder still to make, and by putting in homes nothing too good for usage. Women used to know so much that they do not know now, and cannot while they worry and fret over lambrequins and pillow shams, tidies and Hamburg borders, that it is discouraging to try to fight the matter at all. They are trying to do their best, working early and late, saving here, spending there, judiciously as they hope, yet never realizing any blessing for themselves or others. What is a nice parlor or a fine dinner to a visitor, if the hostess is a dull, worn out person ? The guest who is bidden to enjoy such hospitality is cheated out of the better company at home, and deserves an apology rather than to offer thanks for such attentions as are extended. Housewives do not emancipate themselves from the thraldom put upon them by a variety of conditions. In the first place, their homes are not adapted to housekeeping. Men, and not women, plan houses, and the sole idea in view in building them is to get the largest number on the smallest possible space. Then women, having inconveniences of this kind to start with, make every effort to overcome them with furnishings. Fashion has to be consulted in this latter matter, and upholstered articles that get soiled and fade out are bought when the family purse cannot afford it. Nice China or glass is purchased when ignorant or careless help will make quick work of it; and the company rooms are furnished as richly as possible, when in fact the social circle in which the family move is so limited that a sitting-room would answer every purpose. If cheap carpets, and stone-ware, and plain clothing should be fashionable for all people, how soon the burdens would drop away from the shoulders of the majority of housekeepers How soon would the fault-finding and complaining cease, and the dull women become intelligent, interested members of the family circle ! Suppose the pillow cases have no shams; it would be all the better for the home life of homes. Shams should be unknown in them anyway, and real pillow cases would give more satisfaction. Then sound common sense should save women from wasting their time on ruffles and fallals, that
add nothing but wrinkles to all brows. Households, as they are now, seem to be run for the benefit of lookers-on rather than the comfort of inmates, and the result is a generally dissatisfied army of housekeepers. It is not amazing that they are dissatisfied ; for that urges appreciation of uncongenial work, and those who are alive to the fact that their tasks hurt them in a spiritual sense have no hope of Saving themselves. Simplify life; this is the way through which wo: men may hope to rise to an estate wherein they will find themselves serene and patient, honest and true. It were worth all of life to live if the best half of humanity could be lifted out of drudgery of a domestic kind and placed where the home would be what the Divine power designed it would be—a tem
ple where ** Sins and evils cease And only rest and peace Constantly are found.
— Parish Visitor.
A WALK THROUGH ROTTERDAM.
The whole of the city is intersected by a canal, broad, long and deep, and capable of accommodating vessels of heavy tonnage. These canals divide the city into so many islands, united by draw-bridges, swivel-bridges, turning-bridges, and a few stone bridges. It is curious to walk through Rotterdam and find everywhere these canals, with streets on either side, and trees along the side of almost every street, and more curious still to find that you can never get away from the shipping. In the very heart of the city large ships are charging their cargoes; the masts of ships are seen among the houses, above the trees, beside the churches, and all along the centre of the main thoroughfares. Many of these ships are built expressly for the Rhine and Holland they are single-masted, broad, stout, and all highly colored and ornamented. The prevailing style is bright green for the hull, with red or white stripes, gilded poops, varnished or highly polished decks and masts, while buckets, hatches, barrels, and other things are usually painted a bright red, with white or green stripes. The cabins are models of cleanliness and comfort, with brightly polished windows, snow, white muslin curtains, and pots of flowers, Besides the novelty of finding “a fleet imprisoned in the heart of a city,” there are many things to attract attention in the streets at Rotterdam. The houses have pointed facades, are of all shades of brick, from the darkest red to the pinkest pink; whitewashed stone or , wood ornaments the facade ; the windows and doors are bordered with broad white stripes, the window-sills are generally full of flowers; the windows are provided with little mirrors, by means of which the inmates can see all that takes place up or down the street without being themselves seen ; brass plates and brass knobs in a high state of polish adorn the doors, by the side of which bird cages frequently hang. It is a curious fact that nearly all the houses are a little out of the upright, and lean more or less, while sometimes in a street all the houses will lean slightly in one direction.—Irish Times.
TEMPERANCE WORK IN GENESEE YEARLY MEETING.
From a copy of the “Extracts of the minutes of the late Genesee Yearly Meeting,” (which has been furnished us), we take the following report of the Standing Committee on Temperance:
By the reports from Farmington Quarterly Meeting it appears that nine meetings have been appointed within the limits of East Hamburg Monthly Meeting, in all of which John J. Cornell delivered addresses on the subject of Temperance. The meetings seemed replete with interest, and a deep concern was manifested in the advancement of the work, as they were evidently productive of good results. A deeper interest has been awakened in some who had become luke-warm and indifferent, and encouraging to greater and continued effort those already in work. Seventeen other meetings have been held within the limits of Farmington Quarterly Meeting and one outside the same, in all of which John J. Cornell delivered addresses on the subject of Temperance, and which proved deeply interesting occasions, manifesting that those outside our membership are also alive in the good work. Some temperance literature has been purchased by an individual at his own expense, and distributed in the town where he resides and the meeting he attends. The report from Yonge Street informs, that no opportunity offered in which united action appeared to be required, further than some of the committee having become connected with the Women’s Christian Temperance Union, were laboring in connection therewith for the progress and advancement of the work. The meeting was verbally informed that Canada Half Yearly Meeting in second month last, had also appointed a committee for Temperance work, and had addressed a memorial to the Dominion Government against impairing the usefulness of the Scott Act in any particular. The said memorial was entrusted to the member representing the County of Prince Edward in Parliament. The report being read, it was felt to be a source of gratitude and encouragement that our members in the various parts of our heritage, have felt to enter into and labor in this most commendable field of labor, and the meeting is united in the appointment of a committee to extend such assistance and labor as we may open for, in the furtherance of the work, who are to co-operate with a like committee of Women Friends, and are appointed for three years to report annually—and whose names are as follows, viz.:-Charles Wilson and twenty others.
IT does not follow because one admires and loves the surpassing beauty of the place and its associations, or because he forms in it the most valuable and delightful friendships, that therefore one is to uphold its foolishness and try to perpetuate its faults. My love for any place, person or institution, is exactly the measure of my desire to reform them ; a doctrine which seems to me as natural now, as it it seemed
strange when I was a child, when I could not make out how, if my mother loved me more than strange children, she should find fault with me and not with them. But I do not think this ought to be a difficulty to any one who is more than six years old.— Dr. Arnold.
Domestic.—General Grant’s condition had been Without any very notable change until the afternoon and evening of the 21st, when he grew alarmingly feeble, and there were fears that he would not survive the night. At this writing of this paragraph his situation is regarded as critical, and the duration of his life as probably very brief. Later : General Grant died peacefully at eight minutes after 8 o'clock, on Fifth-day morning. He was surrounded by his family.
THE Corner-stone of the First Uniate Greek Church built in the United States was laid on last First-day afternoon by Father Walenski, Pastor of the Uniate Congregation at Shenandoah, Pa. The congregation numbers 2,000 Souls. The Uniate Greeks are an offshoot of the so-called Orthodox Greek Church, but are in communion with Rome. They are, however, allowed to retain many peculiar ancient customs and a discipline differing in many points from that of the ROman Church.
SMALL-POX is reported to be epidemic at Scotland, Dakota. Twenty-five cases were reported among the Russians there on First-day, and several deaths have occurred within a few days.
ExTREMELY hot weather has prevailed in Philadelphia, and generally throughout the country, since the 17th inst., and inclusive of the 21st. At the writing of this paragraph on the 22d, there is a slight moderation in the temperature. There is also a severe drought in the country around Philadelphia, no rain of any importance having fallen for about two months. o crops, as a consequence, have suffered seTIOuSIV.
SECRETARY WHITNEY, it is said, has decided that the Eight Hour law shall hereafter be enforced in the different navy yards—that is, the employees shall receive ten hours' pay for eight hours’ labor. Heretofore they have received eight hours' pay for eight hours' labor. “The general order directing the change has not been issued yet, but information of the proposed change has been received at the Washington Navy Yard.”
THE American Rural Home, of Rochester, publishes special crop reports from all the winter and spring wheat growing States. These reports say that in the Northwest the winter wheat situation is generally considered favorable, but Michigan alone raises a crop equal to that of 1884. In Southern Illinois, Ohio, Missouri, Kansas, Tennessee and Kentucky there has been no improvement in the past thirty days. In the latter two States the millers are buying old wheat to start up their mills. The failure of winter wheat will disastrously affect the railroads. The spring wheat prospects indicate an average crop, if the hot sun does not scorch it. The grass crop of the Northwest will not equal that of 1884. Oats stand bountifully. Corn shows great improvement, having made a great gain in the last fourteen days.
IT is reported from Fort Reno that General Sheridan has organized an Indian police force, composed of 100 young Cheyennes. It is thought that the General in his report will attribute the dissatisfaction among the Indians chiefly to the cattle leases.
THE deaths in this city last week numbered 530,
which was 54 more than during the previous week and 60 more than during the corresponding period last year. Of these there were 132 by cholera infantum, ut there was not a remarkable number by any other diseases of that nature. The total number of deaths of infants under one year was 234.
PROFESSOR Charles Kendall Adams, of the University of Michigan, has been elected President of Cornell University, in place of Andrew D. White, resigned.
THE trustees and officers of Vassar College were in session 5 hours on the 21st., trying to elect a president of the College. Rev. Dr. Galusha Anderson, of Chicago, was the favorite nominee. He received twelve votes, but as fifteen were necessary to secure his election, the matter was laid over until the first Tuesday in September.
THE Chief of the Bureau of Statistics reports that the number of immigrants who arrived in the United States during the fiscal year which ended June 30, 1885, was 387,821, being 122,013 less than during the preceding fiscal year, or 401,171 less than during the year ending June 30, 1882, the year of the greatest immigration. - ©
THE U. S. Marine Hospital Bureau is informed that yellow fever is epidemic at Bahia, Brazil, and that cholera has appeared at Puerto Real, the port of entry of Cadiz, Spain.
THE trial of Louis Riel, on the charge of high treason, began at Regina, in the Northwest Territory, on the 20th. to
THE plant and all the movable property of the World's Exposition at New Orleans were sold at auction to the New North Central and South American Exposition Company for $175,000. This sum, added to the amount appropriated by the Government will be enough to pay all the existing debts of the old company, except the sums loaned by the Federal, State and city Governments. The sale comprises the machinery, station, main building, Government, art, and mill buildings, United States life saving station, boilers, machinery, live stock, stables, etc. These buildings probably cost ten times the amount now paid. The work of putting the buildings and grounds in order for the opening of next winter's exhibition will begin at once.—N. Y. Post.
Foreign.—The latest reports from Spain give a discouraging picture of the cholera situation. The disease appears to be spreading, and the number of new cases and of deaths has greatly increased. The Madrid dispatch on the 21st says: “In Spain yesterday there were 2,417 new cases of cholera and 952 deaths. . These included 19 new cases and 13 deaths in Madrid. The disease has broken out in Guadaljara, Burgos and Almeria. There is an alarming increase of cholera in the villages around this city. Forty-two new cases and seven deaths were reported to-day. Two hundred cases were reported to-day at Saragossa. Cholera has appeared at Alleiros, in Portugal.”
ST. PETERSBURG, July 20.—The Russian harvest prospects continue discouraging. The reaping of the winter wheat in the Southern provinces gives barely a middling return. The present outlook is that the summer wheat crops will everywhere within the empire yield poor harvests.
A DISPATCH from Simla, India, on the 21st, Says that twelve shocks of earthquake, one of which was very severe, were felt in Cash mere on the 16th inst.
A LONDON dispatch of the 21st says: Intelligence has been received from West Africa that the King of Dahomey, with many followers, on May 10th made a raid on the villages under French protection, near Porto Novo. His troops indulged in a wholesale massacre of the inhabitants and burned all their dwellings. One thousand youths, and women were captured and carried back into Dahomey to be sacrificed at the cannibal feasts.
GLASS as a substitute for wood in floors is steadily winning favor in Paris. Although it costs more at first, its durability, non-combustibility, and superior cleanliness make it far cheaper in the long run.
THE latest returns regarding the damage occasioned by the earthquake in Cashmere, on May 13, state the loss of life at 3,081 persons, besides 25,000 sheep and goats and 8,000 cattle. The number of dwellings ruined is computed to reach 75,000.
IT is claimed that in a recent race against time in California a cedar log twenty feet long was taken to a match factory and in just thirty minutes was sawed, split, glued, dipped in sulphur, labelled, and the matches boxed ready for sluipment.
A MICHIGAN lumber journal, speaking of the terribly destructive forest fires this spring, hopes that the worst is over in that State for the season. The Saginaw Herald says that, except in 1881, at no time in the history of northern Michigan has there been Suell devastation as during a short time this spring. It is very fortunate that there has been no loss of life —at least none has been reported.
INFORMATION has been received that Henry M. Stanley has received a deputation of citizens who favor emigration as a relief for the overcrowded districts of England. He said he warmly approved of their scheme of emigration to the Congo country, and their proposal- to establish an emigration bureau in London, and to appeal to the Government for assistance to enable them to defray the expenses of the poorer classes wishing to seek homes in the Congo country.
PROF. JAEGER would have everything worn by mankind made from sheep's wool, which must be either white or dyed with harmless chemical colors, no aniline colors being permissible. Experience, he maintains, has shown that knit woolen fabric is the best. Over this under clothing, plain upper clothing should be worn, no overcoats, no greatcoats, no cloaks finding a place in his ideal costume. As the breast must be well protected, the portions of the garments covering it are made of a double layer of fabric for ladies as well as gentlemen. Hats and caps, he insists, should also be of wool. • Beds must likewise be made of sheep's wool. Floors of dwellings, he holds, should properly be oiled, and the furniture oiled or varnished.
A SINGLE human hair indicates whether the air "
supplied in the ventilation of the Capitol at Washington is too moist or too dry. A perfectly dry air is put at zero. Saturated air, that is, air carrying all the moisture it will hold, is put at one hundred. The human hair absorbs moisture, and, like a rope, becomes shorter when wet. The difference in length between a hair six inches long when wet and the same hair when dry is made to represent the hundred degrees of moisture on the dial ; and the hand, or pointer, moves backward or forward as the moisture in the hair varies. If it becomes too dry, more steam is thrown in ; if too moist, less steam is allowed to escape. And thus the atmosphere is regulated and kept at a wholesome point.
Philadelphia Quarterly Meeting will be held on Third-day, Eighth mo. 4th, 1885, at 10 o'clock A. M., in the Valley Meeting-house. Special arrangements have been made to convey Friends to Maple Station (Ellwood Thomas' lane), three-quarters of a mile from the Meeting-house.
Trains will leave both the Reading o: Thirteenth and Callow hill streets, and Wayne Station, at 7.45 o'clock A. M., on Third-day.
Members of the Select Meeting can take the 1.40 P. M. train from Thirteenth and Callow hill streets, or the 1.28 P. M. train from Wayne Station, on Secondday, for Maple Station, where Friends will meet them. p". return train will leave Maple Station at 4.40
*...* As numerous inquiries are made of us concerning the, settlement of subscription accounts, We State:
1. The price of the united paper will be the same as the price has been, either for the Intelligencer or the Journal, i.e. $2.50 a year, with concessions to clubs.
2. Where persons have taken but one, they can Fettle their accounts as usual,—just the same as if the consolidation had not been made.
3. Where they have been taking both, and have paid for them in advance, an extension of time will be credited them on our books, corresponding with the amount of their duplicated payment.
4. Where they have taken both, and are in arrears, they can settle up for either one, to Fourth month 25th, inclusive, and make their payments on the other continuously, as usual.
***In answering advertisements in this paper, either personally or by letter, please name this paper. This will be to the advantage of all parties concerned.
*** A watchful supervision is exercised over the advertisements in this paper, and none which are not entitled to credit will be knowingly admitted. Advertisements of a low or doubtsul character are, of course, rigidly excluded. The value of our advertising space is by this oversight materially enhanced, as the appearance of an announcement in the paper is, to a certain extent, evidence of its trustworthiness.
*** In making remittances from Canada, a postal order, or draft on New York, is best. Canadian bank notes, not being “current funds " here, have to be exchanged at a brokers, at a discount rate (at present) of three per cent.
HARKNESS’ LATIN SERIES. SONG WAVE.
Catalogues, Circulars and Education:2: Notes sent free to any address. Correspondence solicited.
Address for Pennsylvania, West Virginia, Maryland, Delaware, Southern New Jersey and District of Columbia.
JOHN A. M. PASSMORE, l”ottsville, Pa.