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at the superficial and trifling character of his utter-| tistical table shows the whole number of members of ances. So, doubtless, would every right-minded man the Yearly Meeting as 3,809. The number of births feel if some disciple of the phonographic school were during the year was 33, and of deaths 67. The usual always with us plying his pencil whenever we speak. attendance at the meetings held on First-day mornBut there is a recording angel by our side. Every ings is given as 2,817, and at those on week-days, word is written, though not by any visible agency. 669. The principal of the Murray Fund, derived Our conversation exercises a power for good or evil from the bequest of the residuary estate of Lindley on the mental and moral life of others, and no word Murray, the grammarian, who died at York, Eng. as the vehicle of a thought can pause in its relative land, is now $51,700. The income is used in the cireffect.-The Quiver.
culation of books and tracts, and in promoting vari
ous educational and benevolent objects, according to NEWS OF FRIENDS. the judgment of the Trustees.
- The following “advice" was added, at the recent “Our friend, Jonathan W. Plummer, of Chicago, session, to the Discipline of New York Yearly Meetreturned from his western trip on the 21st ult., hav. ing: "All our members are affectionately advised to ing been absent seven weeks. His travels extended abstain from the use of tobacco, and to avoid the use into Iowa, Nebraska and Kansas, over 2,000 miles in of opium in any of its preparations, except in cases all. 62 meetings were attended and 210 families and of medical necessity.” parts of families visited.
- The Interchange, a monthly publication of OrThe sub.committee for Concord Quarter of the thodox Friends in Baltimore, deprecates the tendency Yearly Meeting's (Philadelphia), Visiting Committee, toward a settled and compensated ministry. It says: proposes to attend the Quarterly Meeting, at Con- “We believe in the honesty of purpose of those who cord, on the 28th inst., with the view of laying the are upholding these methods for reviving dead meetconcern before that body, and asking the appoint- ings, but we do not admit that the remedy reaches ment of a committee to give agsistance in the work. the seat of the disease. The apparent failure of the It is stated that Friends at Abington, (Mont- because of the absence of spiritual life and power.
old methods was not because they were at fault, but gomery Co., Pa.), have decided to go on with the
... We do not bring these matters up in the spirit projected boarding school at that place, and estimates of judgment, but of earnest desire that none of us have been invited. The subscriptions amount to ten should close our eyes to these facts in the present thousand dollars.
history of our Society, and in order that we should
carefully consider the direction in which we are ORTHODOX FRIENDS.
drifting. The current is strongly setting towards the -Rufus P. King, in a letter, to a friend in this rocks of a regularly trained and ordained ministry, city, bearing date Fourth month 30th, writes that he and we venture to say that the good ship Quakerism has been visiting families and holding meetings in will go to pieces on them unless by the grace of God Sydney, Australia, and at a business meeting held she is skillfully steered past." just before he left there were 13 received into mem- -Friends' Review, commenting upon the recent bership. He finds encouragement in the service in deliverances of Indiana and New York Yearly Meetwhich he is engaged.
ings against participation in the outward®“ ordi- It is stated that the legacy left to Haverford nances
by Friends' ministers, proceeds thus : College by the late Jacob P. Jones, of this city (pay- " Better would it be, not only for the peace of the able after the decease of his widow), will probably body, but for its evangelizing work in the world, to amount to $750,000. This is a very handsome en- which we fully believe it to be called, to lose several dowment, and will place that institution in an excep- of its most conspicuous and active revivalist preachtionally favorable position.
ers, than to let fall and trail in the dust one of those The Western Friend (Quakervale, Kansas), re
glorious spiritual testimonies.committed to it to bear
as banners in the warfare of Christ's army against ports some increase amongst the "smaller bodies” in the principalities and powers of error and evil upon the West. Flat Creek Monthly Meeting, Kansas, earth. The Society of Friends, as a church, has has received one adult member this year, and Spring survived, though not unscathed, some severe trials. River Monthly Meeting “has received five requests It is passing through one now; by which it will be from the larger body, and three members by con- decided, whether it shall still live, and grow stronger vincement.”
for service for its Lord, or fall, as a house divided :- New York Yearly Meeting, recently held at against itself; its beams and rafters being then scatGlen's Falls, declined, after examination of the case tered amongst other buildings, or else becoming disby a committee, to read the minute of a minister integrated in mere confusion and oblivion." from another Yearly Meeting, because he held views of doctrine not in accordance with their discipline. The best things are nearest; breath in your nosThe report of the committee stated: “This decision trils, light in your eyes, flowers at your feet, duties is based upon the well-understood principle that we at your hand, the path of God just before you. cannot accord to ministers who come among us from Then do not grasp at the stars, but do life's plain, other Yearly Meetings a greater liberty in matters common work as it comes, certain that daily duties of doctrine than we allow our own, whatever may and daily bread are the sweetest things of life. — The be their endorsement by their meetings.” The sta- | Lutheran.
and in-door “Gospel meetings" are held after the
First-day evening meetings for worship. -The Friend (Glasgow), of Seventh month 1st, announces the issue of new editions of “ Barclay's
ANTI-SLAVERY WORK AMONG FRIENDS IN THE Apology” and “George Fox's Journal.” It says:
SOUTH The "Apology” is already in the press; and it is expected arrangements will be made whereby this may Francis T. King, of Baltimore, has contributed to shortly be followed by a new and complete edition of The Interchange,--a monthly publication issued by the Journal of George Fox.” It is now sixteen Orthodox Friends in that city,—an interesting paper years since the last edition of the first-named work
on the above subject. He says: appeared, and twice that period has elapsed since a reprint of the latter took place. In one or two recent In investigating the abolition of slavery in the numbers, the propriety and necessity of undertaking three southern Yearly Meetings of Friends, we have a re-issue of both works has been urged on the con- found a mine of historical wealth in a large collecsideration of Friends by some of our correspondents. tion of the priginal records of Virginia Yearly The subject had also engaged the attention of one or Meeting and its subordinate meetings, sent recently two Friends privately; and a likely opening appear- by Richmond Monthly Meeting to Baltimore Yearly ing through which the desired object might be accom- Meeting. There being also in existence well preserved plished, several Friends who were in London during records of Baltimore and North Carolina Yearly the recent Yearly Meeting conferred together, and Meetings, I trust that the history of the abolition of the result was that a guarantee fund was subscribed slavery in the Society of Friends at the South, a and the publication of “ Barclay's Apology” resolved century ago, will now be written.
The work of publishing is to be undertaken in In 1790 the population of the Northern States was this city, and will be carried on under the care of a 1,968,154, of whom 40,370 were slaves, and of the committee of Friends resident here.
Southern States, 1,842,804, of whom 645,392 were -The Conference of members of London Yearly slaves. Very few slaves were held by Friends at the Meeting, on the subject of correspondence with the North, but at the South, where they were planters American Yearly Meetings, has been appointed to be and farmers, they generally held or hired slaves. held in London on the 4th of Second month, 1886. slavery, that a community of 25,000 persons, in the
It was a wonderful anticipation of modern views of - The local authorities at Lincoln desire to pur- heart of a slave country, and dependent on slave chase the Friends' Meeting-house, in order to remove labor, should have emancipated their own slaves, and it
, and improve a street. It is one of the few meet- ceased to hire those of others. Nothing short of the ing-houses now standing with a road from the gallery power of the Lord could have enabled them to do by which escape could be made when the meeting this
. Their action deserves alike the careful attenwas disturbed by soldiery.” A subscription which tion of the student of history, and of our Society, has been raised for the erection of a new meeting which has always held a quiet leadership in spiritual house at Kilmarnock, Scotland, has so far progressed and humane thought. that orders have been given to begin the building. The Virginia records above referred to consist of The annual meeting of the Friends' First-day in 1702, with but few breaks until it was united to
the minutes of Virginia Yearly Meeting from its rise, School Association was held at Ackworth on the 24th Baltimore Yearly Meeting in 1844; also minutes of of Sixth month. There were reported to be 155 Monthly, Quarterly and Select Meetings, most of schools , in 98 places, having 1,645 teachers and
32,- them going back over 100 years
. There are also old 379 scholars; the adult schools having 687 teachers, disciplines and copies of Epistles sent to and received and the "junior," 958. This is an increase over last from other Yearly Meetings, which are interesting, year of 3 schools, 11 teachers, and 1,031 scholars, in throwing light on the prevailing thought and feel the increase being, however, entirely in the adult ing of Friends of that day, especially on slavery. schools, as there was a small falling off of children. The most valuable of all the records is one beginning The total number of scholars has slightly more than thus: “ This book began in the year 1673, by the doubled during the last ten years, the number in motion and order of George Fox, the servant of God.", 1875 having been 16,117, as compared with 32,379 " Wherein is a register of the nativity of Friends' at the present time. There are 24 more schools and children according as their parents did give in in 442 more teachers than at that period. [Our readers writing.” “Herein is also to register all Friends? will understand, of course, that these schools are not children that shall be born hereafter, and also all generally, composed of Friends ; they are largely marriages and burials that shall hereafter happen mission” schools.]
“Here follows the copy of a letter -Some details of particular schools may be of as it was given forth by George Fox and sent from interest. At Hull the adult classes had the large Elizabeth River to Friends in Nansemond in the 10th number of 825 members. The school in Liverpool mo. 1672." Friends above mentioned to hold a was closed at the end of Tenth month, 1884, after a men's meeting once a quarter to see that all that prouseful existence of thirty-one years. Two or three of fess God's name may not dishonor it, and to see that the teachers, however, carry on their classes privately. nothing be lacking amongst Friends, as the men's The closing of the school was considered necessary meeting was to do, spoken of in Acts, of which chiefly on account of the difficulty of securing a suf. Stephen was one.". He then gives directions for the ficient.number of teachers. At Barnsley open-air registration of births, deaths and burials, about the
use of thee and thou, marriage, giving a form of and that they desire to see the Society's walls rebuilt, marriage certificate, and concludes thus : “ Many is evidence that they are acting from no light and other things I might write unto you, but these things unsubstantial motive. The additional question for in short may be read amongst you when ye meet them must be simply whether they are conscious of together, which (in) after time ye may have more at the internal conviction that they are proceeding large from Maryland, which are practised amongst rightly. Friends in England and elsewhere." There is then The Light Within shines, we cannot doubt, for added in different ivk, the "things ” referred to, being those who are actively engaged. We call it, alterna18 rules of discipline ; also a copy of a paper sent tively, a Still small Voice. But does any one doubt by the Meeting in Barbadoes to George Fox and other that it may be a blazing light or a great voice, upon Friends, who had lately been there, acknowledging occasion ?' Saul, on his way to Damascus, fresh from the goodness of God through his servants in estab- the stoning of Stephen, and full of harsh purpose for lishing Friends' meetings, and expressing their entire the further persecution of the Christians, declared submission to the body of Friends, and readiness to that as he rode a great light from Heaven shone receive their advice and direction. There are several about him, and a loud Voice spoke to him out of it. letters from George Fox, one from Isaac Penington, Can we doubt, accepting the Scripture account in any and epistles from meetings in England to Friends in sense, that the measure of the Light or of the Voice Virginia.
is proportioned to the occasion when it descends?
We must be falling victims to a wrong logic if we IS ACTIVITY RIGHT?
believe that to see or to hear at all we must look or
listen so intently as never to stir at all. There is faith, and there are Works which are the The example of Fox and of all his associates evidence of Faith. The Society of Friends to which teaches the duty of active work. They were emphatiwe are attached is at the point where it is asked to cally doers. They felt it right to do. The sole quesdetermine whether activity is right for it—whether tion for Friends, now, is whether they feel the moniit should show, by religious works, the proof of its tion within directing them to do also, in their day religious conviction.
and generation, the work which presents itself. And Practically, this is the question of the hour for of this they must judge, in the beginning, for themFriends. If we will attentively observe the discus- selyes ; in the end their results will be the witness sion now going on in our Society, it comes to this for them. If they have no authority of Truth, they form. It is proposed by some to arouse our religious will accomplish nothing; but if, in their labors, the body, to awaken it, to endeavor to give it fresh life. Voice Within prompts them, they cannot fail in their But the substance of the argument against this is that effort of rebuilding and restoring. H. M. J. no awakening can be needful, that we shall sit and patiently wait, that if it be the Divine desire to have
SAVE THE BIRDS. the Society aroused, He will awaken it in His own time and way.
There have been frequent and eloquent protests It seems to us that Friends are in danger of being from many sources against the slaughter of our native involved in a maze of metaphysics. They are asked birds for the purpose of adorning ladies' bats. We to carry to a fatal conclusion, without qualification, are quite sure that the ladies do not appreciate the cruthe apparent logic of their own principles. We say elty involved, or they would never wear hats adorned
apparent" logic, for we believe it not to be real. with a dead bird. There is more than cruelty in-. The principle of the Light Within does not neces. volved. The birds are insect destroyers, and are the sarily imply that inaction and consequent decay, guardians of the field and woods against many variewhile waiting for a supernatural sign or interposition, ties of noxious vermin. The destruction of the birds must be the rule. It does not necessarily imply that is a menace to agriculture which should not be perindividuals or religious bodies shall avoid all active mitted. The time for sentiment has passed. It is endeavor, and sit forever “in the quiet,” listening time to act. Let the bird killers be hunted down, for a Voice. The very fact that their numbers and punished to the full extent of the law. Farmers. diminish, their powers fail, their usefulness declines, and gardeners and the owners of city fruit plots have their share in the improvement of the world decreases, a vital interest in the preservation of our native is an evidence that they are wrong.
birds. Let them watch for the bird-killers, and The principle of a divine inward presence certainly immediately get warrants for their arrest under the does not forbid religious action. It does forbid such laws of the State. Make quick work with the vanaction, unless there be an inward conviction of its dals. This is the only safety pow. Some parties in being right. This is the test In the Society of this country are buying bird skins to send to Paris ; Friends, at the present time, there are very many and, so long as there is a demand, cruel boys and who are unwilling to see it, with its principles, its men will be found to hunt down the
birds. testimonies and its strength for good, disappear. Down with the bird-killers !-Rochester Democrat. Their conviction as to the undesireableness of this is very strong. It has, moreover, the proof of sincerity, RELIGION cannot pass away. The burning of a for many of them, engaged daily in occupations that little straw may hide the stars of the sky; but the bring them in contact with the great body of their stars are there, and will reappear.- Carlyle. fellow men and women, not Friends, would find it easy and convenient to fall into other religious bodies. CHILDREN have more need of models than of critThat they do not do this, that they remain Friends, ics.--Joseph Joubert.
INDIAN LIFE AND GROWTH AT HAMPTON. The home pleasures and associations of the boys
in their own cottage center in its cozily arranged The wonderful thing about Hampton as a school reading-room, where they learn, with wonderful is that the scholars do not merely exist here for a quickness, to appreciate the refinements of life through purpose; they really live and really grow. And the contact with their teachers, and, more slowly, to ennew growth and the new life go on from Hampton, joy the society of good books. Our respect for these as well as at Hampton. Power is not added, but vigorous, if crude minds, increases on a visit to one developed, and development must go on.
of their Saturday evening meetings, conducted by At first sight the size and beauty of the place is themselves, in English and Dakota. One needs to impressive. May is its most beautiful month. The blush for his unnecessary, yet natural surprise, when waters of Hampton Roads, and of its little inlet run the beginner in English, who is not the child he ning back into pine and cedar clad coves; the some seems, gets up and delivers himself of sound sense what stately grounds sloping to the water-side, dense and humor in his native tongue. with shade, and rich in solid buildings of red brick; It will be seen that allowance is made at Hampall is vivid, striking, picturesque. The life of the ton for the immediate value to the Indian learner great school begins to affect us powerfully. Its unity and teacher of an Indian language. Its use is disstrikes us first-oneness of action, sentiment, spirit; couraged, but not entirely discountenanced. This then its individual scope and freedom, the power of is especially the case in religious teaching. The its many personalities. Each worker here makes his Christian life must be made intelligible to the paown place; the position doesn't make the teacher. thetically earnest, utterly ignorant young Indian, A certain elasticity of the whole system admits of even at the possible sacrifice of consistent effort the strongest possible pressure of the right influence toward English speaking. It has also been pointed at any given point.
out that missionary work among the Dakotas must, The four or five hundred colored students --for for some time to come, rest upon that monument of whom the mass of the school's work is doneserve missionary labor, the Dakota Bible, and that the our present purpose as foundation for and back- young Indian teacher and preacher of the present ground to the work for one hundred and twenty generation needs to read and write his own language Indians. We cannot justly compare Carlisle with easily, and to interpret freely from English into DaHampton; we must compare it, if at all, with the kota, and from Dakota into English. The practice Indian school at Hampton. And yet the inevitable which he gets here will be of service to him. advantages of broader influences and associations It has been said that Hampton has the largest facannot be overlooked.
cilities for general industrial training of any school One word as to the practical basis. Carlisle, as is in the country. General Armstrong was the apostle well known, is a Government school. Hampton of industrial education at a time when it was comrelies broadly on the support of the people, and paratively unpopular; and he still leads the modern receives an insufficient allowance from Government progressive movement in this direction. The Indian for one hundred and twenty Indians. These fine training-shops seem to leave nothing to be desired in buildings are the people's gift. An admirable char: the way of improved machinery and method. The ity has lately provided a growing number of small half-day system employed is identical with that at but complete cottages, and inaugurated the “Hamp- Carlisle. ton experiment" of educating a home sentiment and
With all this supremacy of the trades, the arts are a better home life with young married Indian cou- not neglected. They are not only taught in the ples. This is a decidedly characteristic feature, and schools, but they flourish in daily life. The things a growing success. The attractive interior of these which grace existence, and idealize the struggle, are $300 cottages, and the charm of family life, as it is everywhere regarded. Everywhere the appeal is engrafted upon institution life, cannot but create new made to the eye and to the heart. The girls' May conditions. An Indian pater familias, of established party was the prettiest spectacle of the year. The Christian character, came to Hampton this spring, symbolic charm of white dresses, lights and flowers, with his wife and two small children. He had al- the perfect panorama of the youth, freshness and ready two bright little boys as his representatives beauty of the “despised races," set in lovely dissolvhere; and this interesting family seems to take ing tableaux, brought smiles which were close to tears. strong root in a hopeful future.
May 21st was the morning of Hampton's anniThe noticeable thing about the Indian girls' train: versary. In the class-rooms we found two distinct ing in their pleasant home in Winona (Elder Sisters' phases of the work; the higher opportunities offered Lodge), is its development of a sense of personal re- by the normal classes, of which about twenty Indians sponsibility. Each girl does her own washing, iron- have this year availed themselves; and the exceeding, mending (subject to weekly inspection); makes ingly practical and interesting elementary work done and often selects her own dresses ; really lives in the "Indian Department." These preparatory and plays and entertains in her pretty room; and classes cover rather less ground than Captain Pratt's there are no severe restraints felt outside of school five years' course; the regular Normal school course, hours. The social intercourse among the girls and possible to Indians, covers more.
The association boys is natural and pleasant. Not that they meet with another great English-speaking race seems to and talk at discretion, by any means; but it is evi- benefit the Indian. Starting at a disadvantage in the dent that they have frequent and wholesome oppor. matter of language, and of temperament as well, he tunities to enjoy and learn to regulate their enjoy- holds his own with the negro better than might have ment of one another's society.
We are struck with the comparative smallness of hoed ber corn and watched her lodge fire day and the Indian classes, and with a degree of vivacity and night, because she thought it was her duty. She is even brilliancy in much of the teaching. We feel capable of doing a different duty as soon as she is at once that individual study and attention are found taught to see it. possible with so small a number; and we note how The "past, present, and future of the Indian " the spirited action of these enthusiastic young women represented by seven of the students in a striking works a great change in the naturally inert and tableau. A young man and woman, whose remark. unresponsive Indian.
We follow him from the able beauty is set off by the barbaric splendor of full first English class; the class who “stand up," "sit Indian dress and decoration, stand for the " past down," "put the book on the table," and "shut the glory of a race." Two others, in the motley attire door." where he seems to the stranger awkward and of the Indian of to-day, speak through an interpreter ill at ease; we follow him to the advanced room in for the despised, unhappy Indian of the present. United States History, and hear him eagerly dwell. The appearance of the Indians of the future, hardly ing op his favorite hero ; we study the turns of his to be distinguished from the rest of us, unless by unique English, the changes on his expressive face. greater earnestness of face and bearing, completes He likes arithmetic, but dreads analysis. His read the suggestive contrast, and points the moral of the ing is his weakest point. Geography, or the “earth- day. This moral is yet further enforced by the sing- . book,” deals with tangible facts
. He seizes upon it ing of our familiar “Missionary hymn,” in the musiwith avidity. The order in the school-room might, cal Dakota language, by the whole Indian school, the perhaps, be more exact; but it would be at the sacri- audience risiog to join in the last verse with grand fice of that spontaneity so urgently and successfully effect. sought.
The thrilling question rests with each one of us to Two young Indians, graduating with honor, speak answer, and we wish that it were in us to answer it for themselves and for their people; indirectly for as Hampton answers it to.day.--Elaine Goodale in themselves, by showing what has been accomplished the Independent. in their training; openly and directly for the need, the demand, which they represent. A Sac and Fox,
, from Indian Territory, made a straightforward and
THE poorest reason that can be offered for doing a effective plea for Indian citizenship, and more, for thing is, that "every body does it.” In the first place, Indian manhood. “ He says: “I want to see my There are very few things in this world that every
that reason is never given when it is the truth. race like other races in this land which you call land body does do ; and none of these are likely to be inof the free! Why should not the Indian become a cluded in an excuse for doing a thing that has been citizen? He is a man, like one of yourselves, with a mind which God did not intend should remain idle. called in question. But even if it is only the great He has been crowded apart on reservations, outside majority that is intended by “everybody," the probof civilization and Christianity. He cannot remain ability is--the presumption fairly may be-tbat that thus. Set him on his feet, give him a fair chance, of doing is rarely with the majority. In order to do
majority is in the wrong; for the highest standard and see what will come of it! Look at what American citizenship has done for the negro! It will do riglat, one must be willing to be in a minority; unless, as much for the Indian. His slavery is as real in its indeed, he counts himself in the majority by being way as was the other. I recognize the change that all alone with God, on the side of God's choice.-8.
S. Times. is taking place in our Indian policy, and I realize that the Indian is meeting it fully half way. Send us teachers instead of soldiers, and plows instead of
The cheerful man can feast on all God's works, rations, and you will find the Indian helping to sup- and find a banquet of satisfaction in every object and port the laws which he did not help to make. every event. - William New
A young Sioux girl comes forward in a perfectly self-possessed manner, and says many witty and truth
NOTICES ful things.
Why did we not accept civilization before? If one small boy feeds a cat while another is The Sub-Committee of the Yearly Meetings' Combeating it, do you think the cat will stay to enjoy its inittee to visit the branch meetings, expect to attend food? The Indian distrusts the white man's way. the Monthly Meetings of Abington Quarterly MeetAnd no wonder! Yet I know of great changes in ing as follows: Abington, on the 27th; Byberry, on Dakota; and the failure to follow these changes is land, 31st of Seventh month. Friends of the different sometimes misunderstood. I have an uncle, of whom meetings are desired to give inforniation thereof. many of you would be afraid, because he wears full Indian dress. I ovce asked him, 'Uncle, why don't Friends':'Mission, Fairmount avenue and Beach you wear citizen's clothes ?' He said: 'I would if I street. - Religious meeting every First-day afternoon had them, or if I had any means of getting them.' at 31 o'clock. Friends are solicited to attend. As for savages, there are savages of all colors; and I think that, if you were to come out to Dakota, you A Temperance Conference will be held at Pennswould b. more afraid of some of the white savages grove on Frst-day, the 19th inst., under care of Comthere than of the red.'
mittee of Western Quarterly Meeting. Convene at
2.30 o'clock. Samuel Swain, of Bristol, is expected to The woman makes society. The Indian woman be present. All interested are invited to participate. will make the future of the Indian. Educate just as
ELLWOOD MICHENER, } Clerks. many girls as boys. The Indian woman of the past