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WHATEVER IS, IS BEST.
EY ELLA WEIEELER WILCOX.
I know, as my life grows older,
I know that each sinful action,
I know there are no errors
—-no-O-osm--For The Intelligencer and Journal.
When the scenes of earth have forever faded away from our perceptions, and we enter upon our hoped-for immortal existence, with fresh activities and aspirations and with new enthusiasms, it may be that then some memories will cling to the pilgrims of time, of the joys and consolations, the upliftings of spirit, the glimpses of unconceived things beyond, that varied the monotony and plodding weariness of the earthly probation.
Sorrows, disappointments and perplexities will have disappeared down the long vista of time, but the joyous and heavenly, like strains of remembered melodies and harmonies, will return to enrich and bless the new, strange life of which the lessons are now being learned.
May we not then recall, how, in times we only dimly see in the vanishing past, when the cities of earth grew hot and dusty in the fervid noon of summer, it was permitted us to glide swiftly away from the scenes of our endless endeavor, to the peaceful tranquillities of field, forest and streamlet ; by noble river courses, to walleys of the mountains, to solemn forest-clad heights, to caverns of indescribable en
chantments, suggesting the realms of Faery, and the
halls of the Gnomes? The ancient philosophic dreamers assured their disciples that they might expect to drink of Lethe and forget all sorrows, but there was no expectation that all past joy was to be lost from the background of the passing soul.
“Some moments are to mortals given,
Moments of rapid movement amid scenes of holy beauty and perfectness, down the fairest valleys of the hills, from glory to glory, in days of peace and blessing, might well photograph themselves on human memory, to be an enduring possession.
The limestone valleys of the Cumberland and Blue Ridge Mountains at the abounding harvest
time when the reapers are busy among the goldeh sheaves, and the fragrant grasses yield up their life for man's enrichment are of almost unequaled beauty, this second day of July, 1885, and it is just an easy day’s journey from Philadelphia, westward, to Harrisburg, and thence, southerly, between the distant ridges of the Appalachian hills, to the Potomac, and thence along the continuance of the same valley to the ascending hills of Luray, in Page county, Virginia. The train pauses just at eventide in the presence of the green little town of Luray, and a hotel coach is in waiting to convey us to the new and elegant Luray inn, where is every delight which is needed or desired by the most luxurious. We enter a low, broad doorway opening upon wainscoted halls having bright, open fires roaring up the generous chimneys, courteous and attentive servitors, no appearance of any facilities for drunken revels, broad piazzas, looking forth over fairest mountain slopes, abundance of pleasant seats for restful musing, and all things needful for refinement and for comfort. We were here in 1881, and lodged at an inn in the village, a handsome old house, now gone to decay, with the proprietor an almost continuous drunkard, and everything in his domain as wretchedly dirty and forlorn as could well be conceived, whence we emerged before daylight and departed without even a draught of water (much less milk), to resume our journey, and found our way by the fitful light of a lantern up the rough, stony street to the railway station. All things are changed. Even the drunken host has grown sober, the rugged streets have been graded and made neat and inviting, the population of the town has increased from about 500 to 1,100, the one manufacture of the locality, that of sole-leather, has much increased and prospers, the cultivation of the land has greatly improved and the weedy fences are being trimmed artistically, the green sward is being shorn to velvety smoothness, elms have been set in avenues adown the slopes, and a poor, forlorn, dirty Virginia town has been turned into a place of joyance where one might wish to linger many days. But no inducements are held out by the proprietors of Luray Inn to permanent boarders. They say they might have quite filled up their charming house early in the Fifth month, but forbore, knowing their rooms would all be needed for transients. But the Hotel Company are looking toward greatly increasing their accommodations with the view of another year's demands. Early in the morning the omnibus is ready to convey guests to the mouth of the Cavern, about one mile away by an air-line. Everybody knows that such underground chambers are common in limestone regions, being caused by the solvent action of water on the soluble rocks of the earth, and the channels that remain are clothed with their wonderful ornamentation of stalactite and stalagmite by the slow processes of infiltration, and the crystallization of the rock material. The rock out of which Luray Cavern has been excavated is a compact blue limestone of a heterogeneous texture, and the few fossils discovered indicate the lower Silurian of the Trenton limestone epoch. (?) The official report of the Smithsonian Institution speaks of its position in the middle of an open valley, distant from the mountains, and so much below their crest, as showing it to be hollowed out toward the close of the epoch within which the formation of the valley took place. The traveler sees everywhere the evidences of the great flexures of the rocks which were a part of the vast convulsions in which the whole Appalachian System originated. The Smithsonian geologists are also of opinion that the formation of this Cavern is not earlier than that of Mammoth Cave or the Wyandotte. A translucent slab of delicately tinted marble on the desk of the hotel shows of what choice material Nature sometimes constructs her underground wonder chambers. The temperature of the Cavern is about 56° Fahrenheit, and the first descent is down a broad flight of square stone steps to a landing fifty feet below the surface. Here the scene which broke upon the vision was not quite like that witnessed in 1881, when each person carried a tin frame holding three lighted candles, and the party were accompanied by a guide who had a store of magnesium torches for the choice and grander scenes. Now the electric radiance despels mysteries and takes somewhat from the weirdness of the scenery while enhancing immensely its beauty. The visitors whose adventure. I am now recording
are very experienced, and have explored the Fairy
chambers and Gnome palaces of many lands; and are not to be expected to fall into raptures over the exquisite varieties of the botryoidal stalactites of the Vegetable Garden or the strange freaks of the Gnome King in the Fish Market, nor shudder at the grim suggestions of Pluto's Chasm with the fresh enthusiastie joy and wonder of the first party I ever accompanied, of which more anon. But they say, that having seen Mammoth, Adlesberg, Wiers and others of fame, they pronounce this far more lovely than any other, and the firm, easy steps are excellent and safe beyond precedent. The electric lighting they deemed a grand success, giving long, glorious vistas, lighting up the lofty arches and showing forth the transparencies and the brilliant variety of borderings and coloring. The “chimes,” which result from the vibrations of stalactites which the guide can harmonize into impressive melodies, they considered wondrous indeed, and the “organ ” was only less surprising. Crystallized waterfalls, statues of unimaginable beauty and grandeur, flitting “Ghosts,” and grottoes of unnumbered pendants not yet fully opened, the “Fallen Column,” the “Saracen's Tent,” with its deep, rich, folded draperies
drawn aside, filled their souls with a true enthusiasm
We did not reach Paris till after Victor Hugo's funeral, so we avoided all the crush and excitement. We saw the wreaths that had been sent, exhibited in front of the Pantheon, the church where he was buried, some hundreds and hundreds of them, made of very handsome artificial flowers. Paris is a very bright city, and so clean compared to London. Last Third-day we went to the Bois de Boulogne, the favorite park of the Parisians, very large and very pretty. As we came back it was just the fashionable hour for driving, and I think I never saw a handsomer sight than the Champs Elysées presented from the Arc de Triomphe to the Place de la Concorde. There is a gradual ascent of about a mile from the Place to the Arc, and this wide street has a magnificent row of trees on each side, and was filled with carriages, a perfect stream the whole time. We were in an omnibus, and had a very good view of it all. The Arc de Triomphe (triumphal arch), built, or begun rather, by Napoleon the First, is on the highest ground in Paris, and stands out above all else when you see Paris from a distance, and commands a very fine view. On Fifth-day we went to Sevres, by boat on the Seine. It is a small town where the noted porcelain manufactory is, and we were very much interested in watching the process from the rude mass of clay to the shapely cups and vases. One does not wonder that the china is so expensive when we see how much trouble it takes. There was a collection of china on exhibition, and we found it very interesting indeed. One vase was worth ten million francs (a franc is 20 cents). Of course, it was not for sale. It was certainly an exquisite piece of workmanship and could •only find an appropriate setting in a palace. We had a pleasant walk from Sevres to St. Cloud, through a lovely park. At the latter place there is a ruined chateau, where the Germans made their headquarters during the war of 1870 and 1871. We had seen a panorama of Paris, in Berlin, that was painted from that very point, and the view looked very familiar, only with the difference that now everything is fresh and blooming, green trees and fertile fields, and in the panorama all was desolate; houses broken into, and the fields all trampled. The ride back on the boat was very pleasant, much pleasanter than traveling by rail. It is abnus
ing how many Guide-books one sees on a trip like that. It seemed to us half the people we met were either Americans or English.
Sixth mo. 24th, at Antwerp. —We came here via Brussels, which is a very pretty town, but very small compared to Paris. An hour's ride brought us from Brussels, through flat, but interesting farming land. Quantities of wild flowers, some beautiful blue ones that looked as if they might be larkspurs, red poppies, ragged robins, all made the railroad banks quite attractive. Now and then a wild rose lent color to the hedges. Passing the haymakers, some pretty country seats, and some villages, and a few windmills, we were again in Antwerp, our first and our last European town.
It does not look so strange to us now, for we have seen so many not very different. We feel as if we were getting very near home, and 80 glad. We are charmed with some of the sights here, but will leave the telling till we reach home.
CIRCULATION OF FRIENDS' LITERATURE.
ESTEEMED FRIENDs:—A good deal is said about supplying Friends with proper literature, we think that increased circulation of FRIENDS' INTELLIGENCER AND JOURNAL among them, and others, is the best possible literature they can have.
It would tend to increase interest in the Society by keeping its members alive to the sublime doctrines upon which the Society was gathered by its founder George Fox. The subscription price should be put at one dollar a year, and if this does not give sufficient support to the paper, the deficiency should be made up by the different Yearly Meetings. T.
New York, Seventh month 6.
[The price named above would by no means maintain the paper, nor would the plan suggested, we think, be the best, even if it were entirely feasible. It is the desire of the editors to so much increase the circulation of the INTELLIGENCER AND Journal, that there may be a modification of the price, but this, as yet, they have not been able to see their way to accomplish. They cordially respond to the interest expressed in this, and in other communications,— in favor of the increased circulation of Friends' literature.—EDs.]
SCATTERED FRIENDS IN THE WEST.
EDITORS INTELLIGENCER AND Journ AL:—Having, in my capacity as overseer, just written a letter of which the following is a copy, it struck me as having in it matter of interest to many members of our religious Society, and tending to awaken a greater interest in its preservation. down many years ago of the Monthly Meetings of Fall Creek and Center, in Highland and Clinton Counties, Ohio, the members of Grove Preparative Meeting are scattered through three counties, over a space of thirty or forty miles diameter, a circumstance which, with want of ability and zeal, permitted several farmilies of Friends to grow up with
Owing to the laying.
out the privilege of meetings, and with very little
acquaintance with Friends. Quite a number of
these have moved to other States, and to one of them
the following letter was addressed. C. B. Sixth month 25th, 1885.
“DEAR L. H. :-Thou wast a birthright member of the religious Society of Friends.
“I, with other overseers of Grove Preparative Meeting, was lately, all night, at the home of thy parents. I knew thy mother and her parents when she was a girl. Never knew a more worthy man than thy grandfather, J. H. I knew also thy grandfather, C. H. and his wife—more particularly him. He, too, always impressed me as a man noble, faithful, useful and generous. Both these grandfathers have gone to their final home; and the meetings they used to love and attend, have died for the want of other faithful hands to hold them up.
“It was thy misfortune, probably, never to have known much of the Society which they loved and honored, and which was ennobled and adorned by the upright lives and Christian conduct of themselves and other worthies, including the old patriarch Jacob Jackson, whom, in his 97th year, I heard preach at Waynesville Meeting in 1844. He died soon afterwards. I find many of his grandchildren, and more remote posterity, scattered from Westborough to Leesbury, and farther—nearly all having gone to other Societies. Queer, when Friends put no bonds on any, but invite every one to that new covenant, wherein God “writes His law in the heart, and places it in the inward part, so that there is no need to teach, every man his brother, saying ‘know the Lord,” for all shall know Him from the least unto the greatest”—when all have found in their own hearts the clear evidence that ‘He hath shown thee, O man | what is good, and that He requires of us, while demanding nothing more, ‘to do justly, love mercy, and walk humbly with our God’—to love the glorious appearing of, and give diligent attention and obedience to, that ‘ Grace of God which brings Salvation,’ and ‘hath appeared unto all men, teaching us, that denying all ungodliness and the world's lusts, we should live soberly, righteously and godly in this present world.” By this glorious teachin and Grace of God, all men are instructed in the truth,
and love, and justice, are better than falsehood, in
justice and hatred, and that the golden rule is good, wherefore we ought to be true and loving and just, and do unto others as we would have them do unto us. Queer, I say that when Friends invite to this holy, pure, faithful and sufficient teacher, who never can be removed into a corner, and needs no interpreter—whose teaching every one is acquainted with, and knows that if all men would be obedient to it, ...there would be nothing to hurt or destroy, but there would be a universal harmony among the children of men, and we should have a glorious, happy world. Queer, under such circumstances, that our members should go abroad after other lovers, instead of giving their powers and energies to the strengthening of this Society (whose tenets are so few and simple, yet allembracing and all-sufficient) and manifesting, by the good fruits of their lives, the excellency of the power and guide under which they live. Not so queer that thow shouldst have gone, (as I am told thou hast), to another Society, for, as I said, I guess thou Wast never made acquainted with ours. “Still, goodness is not confined to any one Society, for ‘the pure light now shineth, and “lighteth every man that cometh into the world,’ though the darkness’ often ‘ comprehendeth it not,’ and as many as receive it—‘as many as are led by the Spirit of God, they are the sons of God,' and the saved of God. That thou mayest submit to this pure leading is the sincere wish of thy Friend. “If now, thy circumstances, associations, or other causes, induce thee to prefer membership in another Society, rather than in ours, be so kind as to sign, and return to me the enclosed tender of resignation.
York. He had been sick for a long time and his death
was not unexpected. He was distinguished as the
o who brought the Egyptian obelisk to New Ork.
JAMES RUSSELL LOWELL has just presented to Harvard College library a collection of 688 volumes picked up by him in the last eight years abroad. “In the collection are some English and Italian Works, but most of the books are Spanish. There are some of the greatest variety and value, and none of them are commonplace.”
THE study of the English language is prevailing all Over Japan. In Toyama Prefecture every man of means, and even the local officials and police authorities are studying the language. The general belief there is that those who do not know the English tongue are in the rear of civilization.
A CASE of yellow fever has been discovered in New Orleans, but the Board of Health of that city “considers there is no justification for alarm.”
THE U. S. Consul at Marseilles, has informed the State Department that the cholera has reappeared in that city and Toulon, and a general exodus from Marseilles has begun. “The apparent death rate is below the average.”
THE deaths in this city last week numbered 409, which was 29 more than during the previous week and 15 more than during the corresponding period last year. e
SECRETARY SIMs, of the State Board of Agriculture of Ransas, estimates the spring wheat yield in that State at 1,390,592 bushels, with favorable weather until too. This is an increase over last year of 21,482 ushels.
THE Rural New Yorker, “from a careful analysis of over 3,500 special crop reports from its subscribers, practical farmers, in every State and Territory in the Union,” estimates that the winter wheat crop will aggregate 210,000,000 bushels and the spring wheat crop 155,000,000, Imaking an aggregate of 365,000,000 bushels, a falling off of 147,000,000 bushels from last year’s crops. “Oats will be the largest crop ever harvested. Rye and barley fair crops. The corn area is larger than ever before, and outlook good for an average yield per acre. There will be an average crop of potatoes, and a considerable increase in the acreage of tobacco. The cotton prospects are highly promising, despite the injury from insects in Texas and other places.”
NEWS OF FRIENDS.
FISHING CREEK HALF-YEAR's MEETING.
Fishing Creek Half-year's Meeting of Friends convened at Millville, Sixth month 18th, 1885, and was deemed a season of especial instruction and favor.
We had the acceptable company of Abel A. Hull, a minister from Little Falls Monthly Meeting, Md. ; Aaron Borton, a minister from Pilesgrove Monthly Meeting, N. J.; also, David Masters, John Kester, Edward and Roselda Cloud, of Philadelphia; Martha Engle and Anna Livezy, of New Jersey.
The usual business was transacted (including the three queries answered at this time), exhibiting a generally satisfactory state of society. In the wo. unen's meeting the extracts from the minutes of the late Yearly Meeting were read. The subject of changing the time of holding the Half-year's Meeting from the Sixth and Twelfth months to the Fourth and Tenth months was introduced by the report of the joint committee appointed at our last Half-year's Meeting, in favor of the change. When considered by the meeting in joint session way did not open at this time for the proposed change. The youths' meeting was held the following day. The attendance was very large. Many Friends and others were present from five counties besides our own. Rebecca Fravel, of Philadelphia, was present at this meeting. The Gospel labors of our ministering friend were a call to practical righteousness and to the peace attained by living in the Divine harmony, and solemnized many minds present. An appointed meeting was held at this place on Fifth-day evening, at Rhorsburg on Seventh-day evening, and at Pine Summit on First-day evening. These meetings were well attended, and much interest manifested. Abel A. Hull attended Roaring Creek meeting, at ten o'clock, on First-day, the 21st inst., and an appointed meeting at Catawissa, at two o'clock in the after
In OOI). F. M. E.
GENESIEE AND WESTERN MEETINGS.
The late Genesee Yearly Meeting, at Bloomfield, Ontario, is acknowledged on all hands, by every one whom the writer has heard express an opinion, to have been a deeply interesting occasion—one of much fervor of spirit and broad philanthropy in feeling, calculated to awaken religious thought and strengthen conviction. In short, it was a season of much Divine favor, instruction and edification to the members of our religious body who were privileged to be present. This is not only cause of comfort and satisfaction, but of cheer and encouragement: “The righteous shall hold on his way, and he that hath clean hands shall grow stronger and stronger.”
A few days after the close of the meeting the wri. ter was privileged to mingle with Friends in their religious meeting at Richmond, Ind., as well as at their Monthly Meeting, which were both seasons of much Divine favor, enjoyed by visitor and visited alike. The flocks were watered and the seed strengthened. A committee of the Quarterly Meeting was joined by the writer, and, on invitation, a visit of Gospel
love was paid to Westfield Monthly Meeting and meeting for worship the day following for their help and strength and encouragement. An aged woman Friend was present, lacking only, one day of being 99 years old. Hugh Judge, Elisha Dawson, Ainos Peaslee and Samuel M. Janney have all attended this meeting in the past. It is an old settlement of Friends. Truth reigned over the meeting on both these occasions. All were baptized under its influence. It was a season never to be forgotten. THOMAS FOULKE. New York, Seventh mo. 6th, 1885.
JOINT COMMITTEE ON INDIAN AFFAIRS.
YWe present below extracts from the minutes of the Convention of Delegates representing the seven Yearly Meetings on Indian Affairs, held at Race Street Meeting-house, Philadelphia, on the 12th of Fifth month, 1885. There were in attendance representatives from Philadelphia, New York and Baltimore. There were also in attendance Mary Ann Burgess and Florence Carter from the Indian Industrial School, at Carlisle, Pennsylvania. Interesting letters from John J. Cornell, of Genesee Yearly Meeting, Samuel S. Tomlinson, of Ohio, William C. Starr, of Indiana, Joshua L. Mills and Sidney Averill, of Illinois, members of the Indian Committees of their respective Yearly Meetings, expressive of their continued interest in behalf of the Indian, were received, read and directed to be filed with other documents relative thereto. Baltimore Friends members of the Executive Committee submitted a report of their labors at Washington since the last meeting of the Convention, which was read and approved.
The report states that
“Isaiah Lightner, Agent of the combined Santee, Flandreau and Ponca Agency, tendered his resignation as Agent, but the Government failed to appoint any one to succeed him ; as winter approached, Lightner, not wishing to move during the cold weather, requested that he be allowed to remain until spring, and his resignation was revoked. “In the second month last the President of the United States issued a proclamation opening up the Santee Indian reservation to white settlers on and after the fifteenth day of May, 1885. This involved the necessity of the Indians having their lands allotted to them previous to that time. “The Commissioner of Indian Affairs decided that the Santee Indians should not only have allotted to each male member of the tribe over 18 years of age 160 acres of land, as provided for by treaty, but that each child should receive 80 acres, as provided by act of Congress passed at the same time the treaty was ratified. “This ruling was a part of the instructions of the Commissioner to Agent Lightner and gave great satisfaction to the Indians. “The white settlers of the neighborhood were very much opposed to the Indians getting so much land, and made a great effort to have the ruling of the Commissioner changed, but we have exerted our influence to prevent the change being made and we now think the Secretary's ruling will prevail. “The President's proclamation directed that the allotment of lands to the Indians be completed by Third month 15th, one month previous to the opening up of the reservation to white settlers, and this required a vast amount of work to be done by the Agent