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ASSOCIATE EDITORS:

HELEN G, LONGSTRETH.

LOUISA J. ROBERTS.

SUSAN ROBERTS.

LYDIA H. HALL,

INTELLIGENCER AND JOURNAL.

the Spirit of God, they are the sons of God, heirs and joint-heirs with Christ in the heavenly inheritance."

This is an eternal truth, infinitely outweighing all HOWARD M. JENKINS, Manuging Editor.

that schoolmen and theologians have formulated in

reference to the Divine decrees. It rests on indiRACHEL W. HILLBORN. vidual experience, and is within reach of every soul

that is open to receive it. "God in man, reconciling

man to Himself," must be our watchword; we canPHILADELPHIA, SEVENTH MO. 11, 1885.

not afford to waste our strength on questions of

smaller import. The light that is the life of the WORSHIP.—The universality of Worship, shows

soul, will, as its inshinings are heeded, lead into paths the universal feeling of a need that will not be satis- of safety and enable us to bear testimony to the truth fied without expression. In the most degraded and of the declaration, “ The children of the Lord are all uncivilized, equally with the refined and cultured taught of the Lord, and great is the peace of his nations, the altar and the sanctuary are a standing children.” testimony to the unsatisfying nature of earthly desires. They witness to man's aspirations after that which is

DEATHS above and beyond his poor finite vision, and to his hope of Divine favor through some act or offering or Bucks co., Pa., Mary Canby, in the 85th year of her

CANBY.-On Seventh mo. 5th, 1885, in Newtown, sacrifice. Is not this feeling the unrest of the divine age; a member of Makefield Monthly Meeting, N. J. within himself, which reaching after God, seeks by COOPER.-On Sixth month 27th, 1885, at the resithese varying ways to be at one with Him?

dence of his brother John, in Camden, N.J., Joseph

M. Cooper. As we look over the great family of man in the

BOND.-On Sixth mo. 2d, 1885, in Camden, N.J., uncounted phases of life in which we find him, but Thomas F. Bond, formerly of Salem co., N. J., in his more especially in this of his soul-longing, how small 79th year. and insignificant do all the divisious and subdivisions DOUGHTEN.-On Fifth month 15th, 1885, at his into which the Christian Church has separated itself residence, Lumberton, N. J., Franklin C. Doughten. appear. And yet there seems to be a place for all JONES.-On Sixth mo. 26th, 1885, at Minneapolis, in the world's great harvest field, that cach may plant, Martha Jones, of Conshohocken, Pa., in the 51st year

Minn., George W. Jones, son of John and the late and tend, and reap its chosen allotment. It is not of his as in one, nor in another field, that all the golden grains LIPPINCOTT.-On Sixth mo. 29th, 1885, at Rising of truth are sown; let us as a people bear this in N. 3., in his 81st year; an elder of Nottingham

Sun, Md., Samuel Lippincott, formerly of Woodbury, mind, and in what seems to be the part we have un. Monthly Meeting. dertaken to cultivate, let us labor with earnestness LOVELAND.-On Sixth mo. 19th, 1885, in Salem, of purpose. That we may do this helpfully we have N. J., Joseph Loveland, aged 75 years. need to remember the exhortation of the apostle, Prussia, Montgomery co., Pa., William B. Roberts, in

ROBERTS.--On Sixth mo. 4th, 1885, near King of “Forsake not the assembling of yourselves together." the 68th year of his age. In union there is strength. The small thread-like WALTON..On the evening of Sixth month 14th, stalks that support the golden heads of ripening 1885, in Philadelphia, Mary Ann Walton, in her 72d grain, standing alone, sway to and fro and are easily year; a member of Hoshăm Monthly Meeting, Pa. trodden down and laid waste, but the broad field

WORK AMONG THE COLORED PEOPLE. waving in the sunlight, what a sight it is to the eye of the beholder! As it bends to the wind, each tiny

The following extract from a private letter will stem bearing aloft its wealth of nourishment, leans be read with interest by many Friends who have extenderly, lovingly upon the other, and the blast that tonded aid and sympathy to W. Walton in his missingly none could withstand, passes over the field sionary labors among the needy but struggling people without harm, its rapid motion adding grace and to whose welfare he is giving himself so unreservedly. loveliness, and bringing out in endless tints of light We trust the way will open to continue this useful and shade the incomparable beauty of the whole.

work, and that those who heretofore have aided him, What is distinctively ours, let us make haste to will still lend a helping hand in so good a cause. occupy, leaving to those to whom they belong, the DEAR FRIEND:-I will tell the one way in which unsettled questions of baptisms and sacraments, elec- it has been almost a necessity for me to expend con

siderable fuuds. Ever since last fall the business of tion and reprobation, Trinity and Sonship, remem

nearly all kinds out here has been very dull, money bering with joy and gladness the declaration, made scarce, and not near enough work to keep the poor true by living experience, “ As many as arė led by laborers employed. Many industrious colored people

age.

(and white ones, too) who had become self-support- where it was gradually used by smiths and brewers ing, have failed to get enough work to do to support who needed fires for their trade. In 1305 Parliatheir families, and rather than put themselves on the ment complained to Edward I, that the burning of city as "paupers," or even beg for temporary aid, coal corrupted the air by its smoke and harmful have applied to me to let them have needed goods as vapors. An order was made that those who used a temporary loan, promising to pay as soon as they coal should be punished and their furnaces destroyed. can procure steady employment. I should have been However, coal was used in spite of this order, and almost obliged to give things to some of the families gradually became more common.

In the sixteenth if I had not thus sold to them as a loan of honor; century the population of the South of England and I thought the latter preferable. Some of them greatly increased ; trade rapidly developed ; the have partly paid up, but the times here continue so woods had gradually been cleared away, and fuel hard, and there is so little work to do, that I fear became more difficult to get. In the reign of Elizasome never will pay.

beth coal crept from the forge to the kitchen and the I do not need any more money at present, but I hall. Houses were larger and better built ; chimneys hope some way will turn up whereby I can get some were common, whereas formerly not more than two towards fall.

or three were to be seen in ordinary towns. The coal I still insist upon most of these people paying some trade along the Tyne became brisk, and in 1615 four cash--even if it is less than the cost of the articles - hundred ships were employed in carrying coals from rather than give them the things, or sell regularly on the harbor of Newcastle. Leisure Hour. credit. Some of the farmers are almost discouraged on account of the "web-worm ” destroying their corn

UNPRAISED GRACES. crops.

Thy friend,

WILMER WALTON. Force of character is one of the world's virtues ; Parsons, Kansas, Sixth mo. 21st, 1885.

the market honors it, but the church knows it not.

It is esteemed in the factory and the counting-room, SUMMER STUDY.

but is not preached in the pulpit nor praised in the

press, and is deprecated and discouraged in the nurAt no time does the value of some special interest sery and the schoolroom. It is an inconvenient in natural science show itself more plainly than in virtue in children; but it makes a sterling manhood. summer outings at the shore or among the hills. It is the power iu łife which translates thoughts into The seeker after rest and health amid the haunts of deeds, ideas into achievement. Imagination thinks nature has his pleasure greatly heightened by the things; grit does them. Imagination fashions its careful gathering of plants or minerals or insects, or statuette of clay with ease; but life is not clay, it is the observation of birds and fishes, or of rock strata marble: grit, with mallet and chisel, turns the block and evidence of geologic action. The delight of the into the statue. Grit is the power in every profession. botanist who finds himself amid a new flora is more It makes the difference between the declaimer and than a mere temporary gratification. It raises his the orator. The former wins our admiration, the spirits and gives interest to his excursions, besides latter compels our conviction. His rhetoric may be tempting him to more and longer trips than he would faulty, his logic defective, his scholarship poor, his otherwise undertake. When he is afield his eyes are grammar lame, and even his conclusions untenablealways open. He never finds himself with nothing but he carries us with him in spite of oưrselves; nor to look at. His searching glance, is everywhere. He is it until we have escaped the mastery of his pres. may converse, or contemplate the distant prospect, ence that we are able to reconsider and reverse our yet his eyes are constant in their watch of roadside, verdict. It makes the difference between the politifield, hedgerow, and wood. Not only does he observe cian and the statesman. The one studies the tides, plants, but any unusual sight arrests his attention. and comes in and goes out with them, when his The shy birds of the thicket and the little quadrupeds almanac does not make a mistake; the other pushes of the field often come under his eye. He may not his way to his predetermined port, with the tide or know their names, but he remembers their aspects, against it, as chance may have it. Ebb tide or floodand is pleased to meet them. If birds or insects or tide, he gets there all the same--in time. It makes minerals be his objects of interest, the result is simi- the difference between the bookkeeper and the man lar. All tempt him into the open air, keep him of business. The one is the servant of figures, the moving and alert, and fill his hours with inexhausti- other is their master; the one interprets events, the ble anticipation and pleasure. --Študent.

other makes them. It is the common trait of all the

men of desting in the world's history. Erasmus was FIRST USE OF COAL AS FUEL.

a better scholar than Luther ; Luther's grit was

Luther's genius. It is grit that gives leadership. Coal was known to the Romans, and there are Men are like the figure nought; put one or a dozen traces in some of their buildings in Northumberland of them together, and they are still nought. The that they used it for fuel. But in old days the forests man of grit is a unit of value; put him at the head supplied plenty of wood; there was little demand for of the column, and the two noughts become a hun. fires for the purpose of manufactures; houses were dred, the five noughts a hundred thousand. The man small, and men did not need so much warming as of grit, like the blooded horse, carries his whip and they do at present; chimneys to carry off the smoke spur in his own veins. At the heart of every great were almost unknown, and coal was not very greatly enterprise-industrial, philanthropic, political, mis. in demand. It began, however, to be sent to London, sionary-you will find somewhere a man or men of

that upon

grit; but usually in the singular, not the plural, business cumbered men, the busy careworn women, number. Unpraised grace though it be, yet every who have lost the glow and freshness of youth, and Bible hero bad it. It required grit in Abraham to have not yet attained to the serene dignity of old disregard the advice of wise men, the sneer of foolish age? What fascination or interest can attach to ones, and the expostulations of friendly ones, and these weary, dusty workers ? First and chiefly that abandon his native land, the first pilgrim father, to they are the workers of the earth,

them go in search not only of a new home, but of a new now rests the burden and heat of the day; upon religion. It required grit in Joseph' to profess his them, for the present hour, chiefly depends the proreligion before the court of Pharaoh, and before all gress of mankind. his priests : " It is not in me; God shall give Pharaoh In youth we naturally look forward to the future: an answer of peace;" and in Moses to abandon the “Yearning for the large excitement which the coming years path to promotion and put himself at the head of a shall yield;" despised and despicable people; and in David to in old age we dwell fondly on the memory of the disregard the sneers of his brethren, and the stolid past; but in middle life it is the intense importance stare of the army, and the failure of Saul's armor, of the present hour that presses most strongly upon and hazard the disgrace of failure more bitter than us

. For we begin to realize how rapidly life is passdeath to a sensitive soul; and in Paul to keep up the ing away-how little we have yet done to fulfill the spirits of ship’s company and crew, the only unde- hopes and aspirations of our earlier days. spairing soul among them, during those fourteen days

The morning mists have cleared and we look of tempest. Grit is a feminine virtue as well as a around us and, behold! the sweet dreaminess of life masculine one. She who possesses this virtue rules is gone, and we, the would-be benefactors of our race, her children; she who lacks it is their nursemaid, pioneers of Christianity and civilization to unknown not their mother. Grit is translated into achieve regions, into what common-place, stay-at-home folk, ment by man, into endurance by woman. Her task

we have settled down! Our wonderful visions of is the harder of the two.

exploration and adventure, of scientific discovery The easiest way to get any grace is to inherit it; and artistic, literary, or political successes, have but grit, like every other grace, can be cultivated. given place to the prosaic realities of ledgers and A robust frame is a great help to a robust nature; invoices, house cleaning and stocking mending, grobroad shoulders and a good digestion are means of cers' bills, taxes and poor rates; very real, very grace. But they are only means, they are not the practical, very necessary no doubt; for in these days grace itself. Athletism is not grit. Grit is spiritual of hurry and competition, that task to the utmost not physical, and the man of grit always "keeps his every energy of mind and body, men have little time soul on top."

for rest or dreaming, if they would not be left far An aspiring author once asked Horace Greeley for behind in the eager race. advice how to write for the newspapers. something to say, and then say it," was the laconic reply. Have something to do, and then do it, might

About the age of chivalry."

The man of pass for a definition of grit. grit is always a man of hope. He believes in his And in the more humble details of household mission, and in its ultimate success. He is therefore management, no less needful in these days of degenea man of faith ; not always intelligent faith in God, rate servanthood, is the constant vigilance of the perhaps only a superstitious faith in his star or his mistress. By all means let our houses and houseluck, or a purely terrestrial faith in laws and princi- holds be kept in order due. Let us fight, as best we ples. But he always sees an end from the beginning may, against the perpetual tendency of all things to and blazes his way through the woods, singing, be- lapse into confusion and decay. Dusty rooms, cause he knows where he wants to go, and expects to dilapidated furniture, and untidy garments, are truly get there.-Christian Union.

hateful things from which we hope to be fully

delivered hereafter, and which are now, no doubt, to CONCERNING MIDDLE-AGED FOLK.

be withstood to the death. We have heard it said of

one lady that her house was in such constant order A venerable preacher of a bygone type, whose that a single teaspoonful of dust could not have voice was once often heard from our galleries, was been scraped up within its walls ! wont to divide his audience into “The aged, the Words cannot express the deferential respect in middle-aged, and the dear youth.” As to the inte which for years we held this wonderful woman, and yet rest and attractions that circle round the last-named we have since come to the deliberate conclusior that class, " The dear youth," there can be no difference even this whistle--this most delightful whistle of a of opinion. What indeed can be more delightful perfectly neat and well-ordered house-might be purthan the glow and freshness, the yet unquenched chased at too great a price. For consider what it hopefulness, and the noble belief in impossibilities, would involve to most women-wbat “nagging” of which are ours only in the bright morning of life? their servants, what continual checking and faultVery beautiful and attractive too is that calm serenity finding with the children in their romping indoor which is our ideal of old age—that rest which comes games, in short, what perpetual irritation and wearwhen the day's work is almost over, the battle nearly ing out of life and spirits, would be the result, to won, and the wayworn pilgrim, in a peaceful land of most, of endeavoring to keep the dust of an ordiBeulah, awaits the wished-for summons.

nary house down even to the measure of a tableBut what about the humdrum middle-aged folk, the spoon! No, this one earthly lifetime is surely too

" Have

"That leisure were! but ah'tis not,

The fashion of it men forgot

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We [English] wlio pursue

Traverse in troops, with care-filled breast
The soft Mediterranean side,
The Nile, the East.

And see all sights from pole to pole,
And glance and nod and bustle by,
And never once possess our soul

ant.

short and"too valuable to be altogether consumed in lasting hills around them, and below, under à dim such

Weary Martha-ism. If your new Brussels carpet smoke cloud on the horizon, the restless, toiling, develop terrible evidence of moths; or a deep spot trafficking city. What fuller sense of rest is to be of rust has appeared on your brilliant drawing- found than thus on a summer's day reclining among room fire-shovel, do not let yourself become utterly the ferns and heather on a mountain's side, with the wretched on this account. Just send your thoughts blue sky above, and the country spread for many a for a moment to that land where neither moth nor mile below, ending perhaps in a long line of searust shall corrupt, and then philosophize on our coast, rock and islet, with the boundless sea beyond ? absurd over-civilization, which makes these short One gets to feel then, if ever, how poor and passing, lives of ours so much more full of care and worry are the little nothings of this earthly life-how vast than they need have been. Perhaps it must be so. and grand and eternal is the universe of God. And At any rate we do not see our way readily out of it if a day thus spent be so valuable, what a boon it is all at once. Only a highly gifted few could, we fear, when we can leave our homes and business for in this nineteenth century in ordinary British homes, more distant travels; though even then, as Matthew lapse gracefully and conveniently into arcadian sim- Arpold warns us, we may carry our habits of hurry plicity of life and manners. If, then, for most of us and preoccupation most detrimentally with usmuch of the perpetual hurry and engrossment of this busy everyday life be indeed inevitable, it only re

Our business with unslackening stride, mains for us to strive as best we may against the hardening and wearing influences around us.

We do not mean to speak now of those deepest and highest spiritual influences, which do at times so raise men above the pissing interests around them that, though in the world, they are not of the world.

Before we die." Dwelling with the question in its less deep and transcendental form, the question to be solved is, How Another suggestion which we would here make, is the tone of mind and thought may best be kept fresh the advantage that it is to very busy practical people and vigorous amidst the cares and engrossments of to possess some well-beloved private hobby; all the middle life. As this is the time when what is worldly, better if it be an out-doors one, such as gardening, practical and definite is apt to preponderate, it follows botanizing, or sketching; but carpentry, illuminathat whatever tends to foster the spiritual and intel- ting, poultry-rearing, or the like-anything in fact lectual side of our nature becomes peculiarly import- of a pleasantly engrossing nature, when enjoyed as

The love of nature and of art, of music and an occasional relaxation, may prove a most valuable of poetry, if kept alive by even occasional exercise, antidote to the weariness or insipidity of a life either will do much to keep the soul serene and healthful; too busy or too monotonous in its general course. and it may well startle us when we are so busy with Lastly, if the busy, earnest middle-aged folk would our worldly and practical cares, that the wild flowers keep their spirits aright and serene amidst life's cares of spring, or the gorgeous tints and glowing sunsets and disappointments, unwarped by prejudice, and of autumn, can come and go scarce noticed by us. unchilled by worldliness, let them ever cultivate a Of the invigorating influence on both mind and body, warm and friendly interest in the pleasures and purof mountain and seaside rambles, many of our readers suits, and in the tone of thought and feeling, of the are no doubt practically aware; and we hold that it younger generation around them. This will be all is most of all the plodding middle-aged folk who need the more easy, because middle life is pre-eminently now and then to lay aside their daily avocations, and, the time for the growth of a large-hearted toleration. surrounded by a merry troop of the younger gene- The old are apt to cling fondly to the beliefs and ration, enjoy, for a few hours at least, the fresh | traditions of their earlier days; and the young in breezes from sea, moor, or hillside, and the blessed tbeir zeal and ardor cannot bear doubt or comprosense of freedom from the cares and conventionalities mise: “The truth !" they cry, " the whole truth, and of daily life.

nothing but the truth !" forgetting what we learn by Many are familiar with the English translation of the experience of later years, how difficult this same Miss Bremer's pretty little Norwegian tale entitled, truth often is to recognize and to lay hold of. “Strife and Peace;" but the following passage, per- In youth we are the objects of the care and guidhaps with one exception the most suggestive in the ance of others, and our energies are chiefly directed original, occurs in a chapter omitted by the trans- to the development of our own powers, and the lator:="Is thy soul weary of the noise of the world, acquisition of such knowledge as may fit us for the or tired of the littlenesses of a poor every.day life? Is coming years. In age, we may fairly rest from the it oppressed by the pent-up air of rooms, by dust of strife and enjoy the fruits of our labors; but in books, dust of society, or other dust ?' (there are in middle life those who have families to care for, or the world many sorts thereof and all cover the soul engrossing public interest in church or society to with a gray mantle of dust)-fly, fly to the heart of attend to, are living and working rather for others Norway and there listen, alone in the great stillness, than for themselves. This it is that makes losses by to the mighty heart-throb of Nature, and thou wilt death from the ranks of the middle-aged often so win new energy, new life.”

profoundly melancholy and lasting in their conseWell it is for those--as is the case with the dwellers quences, and perhaps the chief personal drawback near many of our great cities—who have not far to to the possession of great responsibility, is the dread fly to find themselves alone with Nature. The ever- of being called away ere our work be finished or our

For The Intelligencer and Journal.

BY C. E. T.

"Toiling, rejoicing, sorrowing,
Onward through life he goes;
Each morning sees some task bigan,
Each evening sees it close;
Something attempted, something done,
Has earned a night's repose ?"

taust fulfilled. Be this as it may, however, and not marches, whiskey, rum, and other alcoholic stimul withstanding the burdens and cares of which so lants were regarded as of little benefit.--Medica much is said, let it not be forgotten that the middle Record. years of life have their compensating privileges too. Added power, influence, position, these are all ad

POETRY vantages too obvious and too generally prized to need pointing out; but what pleasures can compare with those of arduous duties faithfully performed, and

INVOCATION. difficult undertakings brought to a successful issue ; or even the humbler satisfaction like that of the village blacksmith of whom the poet tells us :

Father of lights to Thee-tributes of praises be;

Teach us Thy will.
Oh! may our love increase-Oh! may our longings

cease;
Oh! may Thy Heavenly Peace

Enter and fill.
Oh! may our hearts rejoice-Oh! may we hear Thy

voice And though we may sometimes feel inclined to pity the anxious, careworn mother, the toiling father, Unto us grace impart-filling each weary heart

Wooing to Thee. or the over-burdened teacher or pastor, yet surely it With love's unerring chart is not those who in any earnest way are living and Thy blessings see. working for others that most need our commisera- May we Thy laws obey-teach us from day to day ; tion.

Oh! may, we hear As we realize how much there is to be done in the Thy still small voice within-keeping our lives from world around, and how little of all our hopes and sin, aspirations we shall ever accomplish in these short Striving our souls to win,

Always so near. lives, it is no small thing to hope that we shall leave behind us sons and daughters, or others whom our Teach us dear Lord to see-how we may come to Thee influence and example have stimulated, who may do Filled with Thy love: more and better than ever we have done, and that Wilt Thou our souls inspire with truth's unceasing

fire, thus " the lamp may be passed from hand to hand

Filling with pure desire to enlighten future ages and generations yet unborn. For things above. ---Anna W. Shackleton, in Friends' Quarterly E.caminer (London).

Oh! may Thy love divine-with grace and truth

combine,

Enter each soul,
STIMULANTS IN ARCTIC REGIONS.

Lead us in path of joy-whence cometh no alloy ;

May we our time employ Lieutenant Greely remarked that breathing air of Seeking the goal. such intense coldness had something of the effect pro- To that unerring guide-leaving all else beside, duced by breathing pure oxygen. As for pulmonary Teach us the way. troubles he heard no complaint of them while the Father to Thee we come-help us to find our home; party was at Fort Conger, in Lady Franklin Bay, Oh! may we cease to roam, at a latitude of 82.8, where the first two years were

No more to stray. spent. Even simple catarrhs were unknown, the Looking to Thee for strength--feeling perhaps at only thing from which the men suffered being occa- length sional rheumatisms and stiffness of muscles and When time is o'er joints. The party had ferocious appetites during all Safely, with Thee above-bathed in Thy heavenly this long sojourn in the North, each man eating Thou wilt our lives approve with relish three meals of animal food and two

On Canaan's shore. lunches every day, and craving fat, though not to the extent which some arctic travelers report

. Not Out of the human heart—"choosing the better part," even when the thermometer registered sixty degrees Walking by faith-not sight-teach us to find the below zero did these men indulge in crude blabber

right; or tallow candles, which tradition has designated as Increase our spiritual sight, the customary food of arctic voyagers; nor was even

Father and King. pem mican regarded as a rare and dainty dish by And when life's race is run-and all its duties done, them. Canned meats, of which they had an abun

Oh! may we come dance during the first two years, and a steak or ra- Freed from all care and strife-enter the Higher Life gout from the walrus, seal or polar bear were prized Where heavenly joys are rifeas the essential conditions of well-being. As for

To Thee and Home: spirituous liquors, they were used with great mode

Philadelphia, Sixth mo, 29th, 1885. ration, and doled out to the members of the expedition as occasion seemed to demand, and only when

Be but faithful, that is all; some unusual exertion or exposure brought some ex

Go right on, and close behind thee,

There shall follow still, and find thee, traordinary fatigue or prostration. As means to for.

Help, sure help. tify the system against cold or brace it up for forced

- Arthur Hugh Clough.

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